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1.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535338

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the role of chronic disease self-management program (CDSMP) in promoting pulmonary rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) . Methods: In June 2017 and December 2018, 380 COPD patients were selected from the health management center of Qilu Hospital of Shandong University during the same period. They were randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group. At the end of the study, 17 cases were lost to follow-up and 5 cases were withdrawn from the study. Finally, 175 and 183 patients in the experimental group and the control group completed the study. The experimental group was treated with CDSMP for 6 months, while the control group was not intervened. Lung function and blood gas analysis results, lung rehabilitation related indicators and SF-36 scores were compared between the two groups before and after intervention. The measurement data were expressed by Mean±SD, and the comparison between the two groups was performed by t test. The count data were expressed by frequency and constituent ratio (%) . Chi square test or rank sum test was used for comparison between groups. Results: After CDSMP intervention, compared with the control group, the 6MWD, weekly moderate intensity exercise time, weekly moderate intensity exercise frequency and self exercise efficacy score of the experimental group were significantly increased, and the single exercise duration was longer, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) . The physiological function score, general health score, physical energy score, mental health score and total score of the experimental group were higher, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05) . Conclusion: CDSMP may have a certain effect in promoting lung rehabilitation in COPD patients.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Automanejo , Enfermedad Crónica , Tolerancia al Ejercicio , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Resultado del Tratamiento
2.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 25(3): 302-310, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575720

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The West China Health and Aging Trends study (WCHAT) is intended to focus on the research that will guide efforts to reduce disability, maximize health and independent functioning, and enhance quality of life at older ages in different ethnicities. And provide the basis for understanding trends and dynamics in late-life functioning, how these differ in various ethnic subgroups, and the economic or social consequences of aging and disability in western China. PARTICIPANTS: The cohort enrolled 7536 participants and 7439 participants aged 50 years and older in the baseline in 2018 and every year would be followed up. Finding to date: The data in WCHAT were prospectively collected from Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan and Xinjiang by 7 medical institutions. A number of age-related outcome measures were collected though corresponding geriatric assessments. Blood testing, saliva, urine and feces testing are available for all cohort participants. Future plans: The data in WCHAT can be used for various types of epidemiological research, particularly for examining how the culture specific life styles and diet influences geriatrics related outcomes. We are initially planning cohort studies and established a sample biobank in relation to the risk and prognosis of frailty, sarcopenia and other geriatric syndromes. Strengths and limitations of this study: It is a first multi-ethnic cohort study in West China that aimed to investigate the influence of culture specific life styles, diet and living environment on the prevalence of geriatric syndromes like frailty, sarcopenia and so on. This is a prospective multi-center observational study, which will be conducted in various ethnic groups gathering places. This study collected information that related to fatigue, falls, and cognition were obtained through self-reports, which might have recall bias and grouping errors. This study has problems such as the interviewees' refusal to visit, death, going out, and large population mobility may lead to high loss of visit rates. This study collected information from a comparatively healthier elderly population in which external validity was limited.

4.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(2): 194-201, 2021 Feb 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601484

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the relationship between cancer nodules and clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancer, and analyze its impact on survival prognosis of gastric cancer patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 2 386 patients with gastric cancer who underwent radical surgery from January 1, 2012 to January 1, 2015 in the Third Surgery Department of the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University was performed. The relationship between cancer nodules and clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancer and its impact on survival prognosis of gastric cancer patients were analyzed. Results: Among the 2 386 patients, there were 459 cases (19.24%) with cancer nodules, and 1 927 cases (80.76%) without cancer nodules. Logistic multivariate analysis showed that pT staging (P=0.036), pN staging (P=0.024), pTNM staging (P=0.032), Borrmann classification (P=0.008), vascular tumor thrombus (P=0.001) were independent risk factors for cancer nodules. The complete follow-up date of 2 273 cases (95.26%) of 2 386 patients with gastric cancer were obtained. A total of 1 259 patients relapsed and 1 152 died during the follow-up period. The 5-years overall survival (OS) rate was 49.32%, and the 5-years disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 44.61%. Among them, the 5-years OS rate and DFS rate of those with cancer nodules were 26.76% and 24.94%, while the 5-years OS rate and DFS rate of those without cancer nodules were 54.75% and 49.34%, respectively (P<0.001). Patients with positive cancer nodules were divided into 3 groups according to the number of cancer nodules: 1 (115 cases), 2 to 3 (202 cases), and more than 4 (124 cases). The 5-years OS rates of 3 groups were 41.74%, 30.69% and 10.48%, respectively (P<0.001). The 5-years DFS rates were 40.00%, 28.22% and 9.68%, respectively (P<0.001). Cox multivariate analysis showed that histological type (P=0.004), pT staging (P=0.007), pN staging (P=0.004), pTNM staging (P=0.002), vascular tumor thrombus (P=0.034), cancer nodules (P=0.005) and the number of cancer nodules (P=0.001) were independent risk factors for the prognosis of gastric cancer patients, and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy (P=0.043) was a protective factor for the prognosis of gastric cancer patients. Conclusion: Cancer nodules are closely related to the tumor stage and prognosis of gastric cancer patients. The number of cancerous nodules is an independent risk factor for the prognosis of gastric cancer patients.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomía , Humanos , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patología , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirugía , Tasa de Supervivencia
5.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Jan 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496308

RESUMEN

The photothermal properties of metal nitrides have recently received significant attention owing to diverse applications in solar energy conversion, photothermal therapies, photoreactions, and thermochromic windows. Here, the photothermal response of titanium nitride nanoparticles is examined using transient X-ray diffraction, in which optical excitation is synchronized with X-ray pulses to characterize dynamic changes in the TiN lattice. Photoinduced diffraction data is quantitatively analyzed to determine increases in the TiN lattice spacing, which are furthermore calibrated against static, temperature-dependent diffraction patterns of the same samples. Measurements of 20 nm and 50 nm diameter TiN nanoparticles reveal transient lattice heating from room temperature up to ∼175 °C for the highest pump fluences investigated here. Increasing excitation intensity drives sublinear increases in lattice temperature, due to increased heat capacity at the higher effective temperatures achieved at higher powers. Temporal dynamics show that higher excitation intensity drives not only higher lattice temperatures, but also unexpectedly slower cooling of the TiN nanoparticles, which is attributed to heating of the solvent proximal to the nanoparticle surface.

8.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Jan 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464913

RESUMEN

Nanoplatelets (NPLs)-colloidally synthesized, spatially anisotropic, two-dimensional semiconductor quantum wells-are of intense interest owing to exceptionally narrow transition line widths, coupled with solution processability and bandgap tunability. However, given large surface areas and undercoordinated bonding at facet corners and edges, excitation under sufficient intensities may induce anisotropic structural instabilities that impact desired properties. We employ time-resolved X-ray diffraction to study the crystal structure of CdSe NPLs in response to optical excitation. Photoexcitation induces greater out-of-plane than in-plane disordering in 4 and 5 monolayer (ML) NPLs, while 3 ML NPLs display the opposite behavior. Recovery dynamics suggest that out-of-plane cooling slightly outpaces in-plane cooling in 5 ML NPLs with recrystallization occurring on indistinguishable time scales. In comparison, for zero-dimensional CdSe nanocrystals, disordering is isotropic and recovery is faster. These results favor the use of NPLs in optoelectronic applications, where they are likely to exhibit superior performance over traditional, zero-dimensional nanocrystals.

9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(1): 527-540, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506945

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains clear, and no effective treatment exists. SARS-CoV-2 is the virus that causes COVID-19 and uses ACE2 as a cell receptor to invade human cells. Therefore, ACE2 is a key factor to analyze the SARS-CoV-2 infection mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 9,783 sequencing results of different organs, analyzed the effects of different ACE2 expression patterns in organs and immune regulation. RESULTS: We found that ACE2 expression was significantly increased in the lungs and digestive tract. The cellular immunity of individuals with elevated ACE2 expression is activated, whereas humoral immunity is dampened, leading to the release of many inflammatory factors dominated by IL6. Furthermore, by studying the sequencing results of SARS-CoV-2-infected and uninfected cells, IL6 was found to be an indicator of a significant increase in the number of infected cells. However, although patients with high expression of ACE2 will release many inflammatory factors dominated by IL6, cellular immunity in the colorectum is significantly activated. This effect may explain why individuals with SARS-CoV-2 infection have severe lung symptoms and digestion issues, which are important causes of milder symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: This finding indicates that ACE2 and IL6 inhibitors have important value in COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
/genética , Inmunidad Celular , Interleucina-6/inmunología , Pulmón/metabolismo , /genética , Tracto Gastrointestinal/inmunología , Tracto Gastrointestinal/metabolismo , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , Ontología de Genes , Humanos , Inmunidad Celular/genética , Inmunidad Humoral/genética , Pulmón/inmunología , Especificidad de Órganos , Transcriptoma
10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(1): 65-70, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506893

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to uncover the role of microRNA-665 (miR-665) in protecting inflammatory response in microglia following spinal cord injury (SCI) and the underlying mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The serum levels of miR-665 and TREM2 (triggering receptor expressed on myeloid 2) in SCI patients (n=24) and healthy subjects (n=24) were detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Then, the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). After lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induction in BV2 cells, the relative levels of miR-665 and TREM2 were detected by qRT-PCR, and relative levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in the culture medium were examined by ELISA. Next, TREM2, the target gene of miR-665, was determined by Dual-Luciferase reporter assay, and the relationship between the expression levels of TREM2 and miR-665 in SCI patients and BV2 cells was analyzed. Finally, the regulatory effects of miR-665 and TREM2 on IL-6 and TNF-α levels in the culture medium of LPS-induced BV2 cells were assessed. RESULTS: It was found that miR-665 was downregulated in serum of SCI patients and LPS-induced BV2 cells, while TREM2 was upregulated. Silenced miR-665 or overexpressed TREM2 was involved in protecting inflammatory response following SCI. Besides, rescue experiments showed that miR-665 participated in the regulation of inflammatory response following SCI by targeting TREM2. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-665 inhibits inflammatory response following SCI by targeting TREM2.

11.
Clin Exp Dermatol ; 46(1): 89-95, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945011

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are expressed on human melanocytes, and play an important role in innate and acquired immunity. The role of TLRs in the pathogenesis of vitiligo has not been fully described. AIM: To investigate the expression of TLRs in melanocytes from patients with vitiligo and healthy controls (HCs). METHODS: Primary cultured vitiligo and control melanocytes were obtained from perilesional normal skin of patients with generalized vitiligo and HCs. TLRs mRNA expression in melanocytes were determined by real-time reverse transcription PCR and protein expression by western blotting. Apoptosis was analysed using an annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate apoptosis detection kit, and tyrosinase activity and melanin content were measured by a modified dopachrome and colorimetric method. Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and soluble cell adhesion molecule (sICAM)-1 expression were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: In vitiligo melanocytes, compared with control melanocytes, apoptosis rate, expression of TLR7 and TLR9 mRNA and protein, and production of IL-8, IL-6 and sICAM-1 were significantly increased, whereas tyrosinase activity and melanin content were significantly decreased. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the increased expression of TLR7 and TLR9 might correlate with melanocyte dysfunction in vitiligo.

12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33289216

RESUMEN

Infantile haemangioma (IH) is the most common benign vascular tumour of infancy, and approximately 10-15% of patients with IH develop complications, among which ulceration is the most frequent1. To date, oral propranolol has been most widely used in ulcerated IHs2. Nevertheless, for relatively small ulcers, the topical application of timolol was proposed as an alternative method3. Meanwhile, pulsed dye laser (PDL) may also promote the resolution of ulcerated IHs4. However, there are no clinical studies comparing the efficacy of these two localised therapies in promoting ulcer healing in IHs.

13.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 871-877, 2020 Nov 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171561

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of two-stage crestal approach sinus elevation in severe atrophic maxilla. Methods: A total of 25 patients (male: 13 cases,female: 12 cases) who attended Department of Implant Center, Stomatological Hospital, Southern Medical University from May 2016 to May 2018 were included in this study. The age of the patients was 32-49 years old. The inclusion criteria were: single or multiple tooth loss in posterior maxilla with residual bone height ranged from 1.5 to 3.0 mm and vertical bone width≥6 mm, no pathological changes or septum were detected in the sinus. The elevated sides were divided into three groups according to different buccal-palatal sinus width (SW): wide (16 case, SW>15 mm), normal (12 case, 12 mm≤SW≤15 mm), narrow (5 case, SW<12 mm). Finally, 23 patients with 33 implants were placed by the two-stage crestal approach for sinus elevation. Six months after implant placement, final restorations were delivered. Implant survival rate, implant stability quotient (ISQ), immediate vertical bone height (VBH) after surgeries, changes of sinus elevation height (cSEH), marginal bone loss (MBL) at 1 year follow-up were examined. Results: Twenty-three patients were finally included in the study, including 12 males and 11 females, aged (41.2±7.6) years old. All implants healed uneventfully. ISQ (wide: 50.81±2.69; normal: 60.58±2.54; narrow: 63.12±3.58), immediate VBH after 1st surgery [wide: (7.99±1.13) mm; normal: (8.95±0.81) mm; narrow: (9.18±0.90) mm] and 2nd surgery [wide: (11.46±0.88) mm; normal: (12.77±0.49) mm; narrow: (12.57±0.55) mm], cSEH six months after 1st [wide: (3.87±0.43) mm; normal: (2.01±0.65) mm; narrow: (1.49±0.33) mm] and 2nd [wide: (1.16±0.29) mm; normal: (1.04±0.33) mm ; narrow: (0.97±0.41) mm] surgery, MBL [wide: (0.91±0.05) mm; normal: (0.79±0.10) mm; narrow: (0.74±0.07) mm] were significantly different among three groups (P<0.05). In all the three groups, cSEH was barely detected at 1-year follow-up (P>0.05). Conclusions: Two-stage crestal approach for sinus elevation might be an alternative protocol in severe atrophic posterior maxilla, especially in cases with narrow and normal buccal-palatal width. There is an urgent need for long time follow-up and more clinical cases.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Elevación del Piso del Seno Maxilar , Adulto , Atrofia , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxilar/cirugía , Seno Maxilar/cirugía , Persona de Mediana Edad , Resultado del Tratamiento
14.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 891-896, 2020 Nov 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171564

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of digital technique-aided occlusal rehabilitation based on implant-supported fixed prostheses (ISFP), and to provide some information for clinical application of digital technique. Methods: Retrospectively reviewed the cases which had used neuromuscular system and condylar movement tracing device to reconstruct occlusion in one or double jaw fully edentulous ISFP from January, 2013 to January, 2020. A total of 6 eligible patients were enrolled in the present study with 56 implants and 8 ISFP, including 4 male patients and 2 female patients, aged from 43 to 74 years. The clinical outcomes were evaluated in four aspects, including implant survival rate, implants success rate, marginal bone loss and the occurrence of prosthesis complications. Results: The follow-up time was (4.0±2.2) years (1-7 years). The implant survival rate was 100% (56/56) and the implant success rate was 98% (55/56), with an average missal and distal marginal bone loss of (0.04±0.11) mm/year. Veneer chipping occurred at incisal edge of 2 adjacent incisors in only one prosthesis 3 years after rehabilitation. Conclusions: Combination of digital techniques of neuromuscular system and condylar movement tracing device to assist occlusal rehabilitation based on ISFP showed a high implant success rate. The complication seldom happened. Long and stable occlusion has been observed. The clinical outcomes were favorable.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Arcada Edéntula , Boca Edéntula , Adulto , Anciano , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Arcada Edéntula/cirugía , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
16.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 34(5): 1719-1727, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179463

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of interleukin(IL)-22 on the Janus kinase/ signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK/STAT3) signaling pathway and sepsis-induced liver injury in rats. A total of 48 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham-operated group (n=12), model group (n=12), low-dose group (n=12) and high-dose group (n=12). Next, rat models of sepsis-induced liver injury were established through cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). At 12 h after surgery, blood was collected by heart puncture to detect liver function of the rats. It was found that the activity of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartame aminotransferase (AST) and the content of total bilirubin were reduced in low-dose group and high-dose group. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining results revealed that after treatment with IL-22, the liver injury was relieved compared with model group. Moreover, the results of TUNEL staining assay revealed that the apoptosis level of liver cells declined after treatment with IL-22. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) results demonstrated that the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α were reduced, while the level of IL-10 was increased after treatment with IL-22. Moreover, it was discovered that the SOD content was overtly elevated in low-dose and high-dose groups compared with that in the model group. Finally, using Western blotting, it was confirmed that in comparison with the model group, the levels of Bcl-2/Bax and JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway-related proteins were markedly raised, while the level of Caspase-3 was decreased in the low-dose and high-dose groups. In conclusion, IL-22 can improve liver function, reduce the apoptosis level of liver cells, the expression of apoptosis-related proteins and the release of inflammatory factors, and alleviate liver injury by activating the JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway.

17.
Chem Sci ; 11(27): 7133-7143, 2020 Jul 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33209244

RESUMEN

Perylenediimide (PDI) derivatives have been widely studied as electron acceptor alternatives to fullerenes in organic photovoltaics (OPVs) because of their tunable absorption in the visible range, inexpensive synthesis, and photochemical stability. A common motif for improving device efficiency involves joining multiple PDIs together through electron-rich linkers to form a twisted acceptor-donor-acceptor molecule. Molecular features such as ring fusion are further employed to modify the structure locally and in films. These synthetic efforts have greatly enhanced OPV device efficiencies, however it remains unclear how the increasingly elaborate structural modifications affect the photophysical processes integral to efficient photon-to-charge conversion. Here we carry out a systematic study of a series of PDI dimers with thienoacene linkers in which the twist angle, linker length, and degree of ring fusion are varied to investigate the effects of these structural features on the molecular excited states and exciton recombination dynamics. Spectroscopic characterization of the dimers suggest that ring fusion causes greater coupling between the donor and acceptor components and greatly enhances the lifetime of a thienoacene to PDI charge transfer state. The lifetime of this CT state also correlates well with the linker-PDI dihedral angle, with smaller dihedral angle resulting in longer lifetime. DFT and two-photon absorption TDDFT calculations were developed in-house to model the ground state and excited transitions, providing theoretical insight into the reasons for the observed photophysical properties and identifying the charge transfer state in the excited state absorption spectra. These results highlight how the longevity of the excited state species, important for the efficient conversion of excitons to free carriers in OPV devices, can be chemically tuned by controlling ring fusion and by using steric effects to control the relative orientations of the molecular fragments. The results provide a successful rationalization of the behavior of solar cells involving these acceptor molecules.

18.
Insect Mol Biol ; 2020 Nov 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33251618

RESUMEN

The kinesin superfamily of proteins (KIFs) are microtubule motor proteins that use the hydrolysis of ATP to power directional movement along microtubules. KIFs induce microtubule depolymerization to regulate the length and dynamics of microtubules in a variety of cell processes and structures, including the mitotic and meiotic spindles and centriole and interphase microtubules. KIF plays a significant role in the transport of organelles, protein complexes and mRNAs. The brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens) is a major insect pest in rice paddy fields. Ovarian development is regulated by multiple factors, including endocrine factors. The role of KIFs in brown planthopper ovarian development remains unknown. We found that downregulation of KIF2A significantly compromised the development and eclosion of the brown planthopper, delayed ovarian cell cycle progression, disrupted ovarian development, reduced the expression of MCM genes required for DNA replication and significantly reduced the number of nuclei in the follicles. We also found a significant reduction in Vg mRNA and protein levels. We conclude that downregulation of KIF2A disrupts the cell cycle progression of cells. Alternatively, the ovarian phenotype could be an indirect effect of a compromised trophic cord. In summary, KIF2A regulates ovarian development via modulating cell cycle progression and/or vitollogenin transportation.

19.
Bull Exp Biol Med ; 170(1): 69-74, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237530

RESUMEN

We studied the effect of zoledronic acid encapsulated into liposomes (L-ZOL) on tumorassociated macrophages in the stroma of hepatocellular carcinoma xenograft. Liposomes were prepared from 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, 1,2-dipalmitoyl-snglycero-3-phospho-sn-1-glycerol, and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[carboxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] using thin film method and loaded with zoledronic acid. It was shown that L-ZOL promoted apoptosis of RAW264.7 cells, eliminate much more protumoral M2 macrophages than antitumoral M1 macrophages in the tumor xenograft, and did not significantly reduce the size of xenograft in 6 days. Thus, the effect of treatment depends on the ratio between antitumoral M1 and protumoral M2 polarized macrophages in the tumor.

20.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(10): 990-995, 2020 Oct 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053995

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the clinical application of carbon nanoparticles mapping lymph nodes in curative resection for colorectal carcinoma. Methods: Patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer before operation and undergoing radical surgery with intact postoperative pathological data in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University from March 2016 to March 2018 were included in this retrospective case-control study. Those who were diagnosed with ileus, recurrent carcinoma or underwent emergency operation were excluded. A total of 1421 cases were included, with 156 cases in the carbon nanoparticles mapping group and 1265 cases in the control group. Using 1∶3 case control matching based on gender, weight, TNM staging and neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 145 and 435 cases were finally recruited in the carbon nanoparticles mapping group and control group, respectively. Patients in the carbon nanoparticles mapping group underwent preoperative colonoscopy with carbon nanoparticles submucosal injection 2.4 (1.0 - 14.0) days before operation. Carbon nanoparticles of 0.25 ml was injected at 4 points (3, 6, 9 and 12 o'clock each) 0.5-1.0 cm around the tumor. The number of eliminated lymph node, number of positive lymph node and positive rate between the two groups were compared, and the number of eliminated lymph node in different subgroups of T stage, N stage, TNM stage and neoadjuvant chemotherapy was analyzed and compared. Results: After case control matching, total number of eliminated lymph nodes in the carbon nanoparticles mapping group was significantly higher than that in the control group (22.2±11.2 vs. 19.0±9.5, t=3.025, P=0.003). However, no statistically significant differences were found in the number of positive lymph node and lymph node positive rate between two groups (all P>0.05). Subgroup analysis showed that as compared to the control group, total number of eliminated lymph nodes in the carbon nanoparticles mapping group was significantly higher in T3 stage subgroup (median: 22 vs. 18, Z=2.435, P=0.015), N0 stage subgroup (median: 20.5 vs. 17.5, Z=2.772, P=0.006), TNM II stage subgroup (median: 23.5 vs. 19.0, Z=2.654, P=0.008) and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (median: 22.5 vs. 13.0, Z=3.287, P=0.001), while compared to the control group, the number of positive lymph node (median: 4.0 vs. 6.5, Z=-2.530, P=0.011) and the lymph node metastasis degree (median: 16% vs. 31%, Z=-2.862, P=0.004) were lower in the carbon nanoparticles mapping group in N2 subgroup. Conclusion: Carbon nanoparticles mapping lymph nodes can effectively enhance the number of eliminated lymph nodes in curative resection for colorectal cancer.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales , Ganglios Linfáticos/cirugía , Nanopartículas , Materiales Biocompatibles , Carbono , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Neoplasias Colorrectales/cirugía , Humanos , Escisión del Ganglio Linfático , Ganglios Linfáticos/patología , Metástasis Linfática , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Estudios Retrospectivos
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