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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32483719

RESUMEN

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with heavy metal exposure during adolescent development. However, the direct clinical evidence is limited. To investigate the possible association between environmental heavy metal exposure and ADHD, a case-control study was conducted with children aged 6-14 years in Guangzhou, China. Results showed that median concentrations of chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), cobalt (Co), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo), tin (Sn), barium (Ba), and lead (Pb) in the urine of the case group were significantly higher than those of the control group. Children with ADHD had significantly higher levels of 8-OHdG and MDA compared with those from the control group. In addition, correlations between urinary Co, Ni, Cu, Mo, and Sn were significantly correlated with 8-OHdG and MDA concentrations in urine. After the case and control groups were combined together and the first quartile was used as the reference category, odds ratios (ORs) of ADHD for children increased significantly with the quartile increasing of urinary Co, Cu, and Sn. Our study provides a clinical evidence that Co, Cu, and Sn exposure, particularly Sn exposure, may be an environmental risk of the incurrence of ADHD for children. Furthermore, Co, Ni, Cu, Mo, and Sn exposures were significantly correlated with DNA and lipid damage.

2.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(19): 2403-2415, 2020 May 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476801

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Different types of periampullary diverticulum (PAD) may differentially affect the success of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) cannulation, but the clinical significance of the two current PAD classifications for cannulation is limited. AIM: To verify the clinical value of our newly proposed PAD classification. METHODS: A new PAD classification (Li-Tanaka classification) was proposed at our center. All PAD patients with native papillae who underwent ERCP from January 2012 to December 2017 were classified according to three classification systems, and the effects of various types of PAD on ERCP cannulation were compared. RESULTS: A total of 3564 patients with native papillae were enrolled, including 967 (27.13%) PAD patients and 2597 (72.87%) non-PAD patients. In the Li-Tanaka classification, type I PAD patients exhibited the highest difficult cannulation rate (23.1%, P = 0.01), and type II and IV patients had the highest cannulation success rates (99.4% in type II and 99.3% in type IV, P < 0.001). In a multivariable-adjusted logistic model, the overall successful cannulation rate in PAD patients was higher than that in non-PAD patients [odds ratio (OR) = 1.87, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04-3037, P = 0.037]. In addition, compared to the non-PAD group, the difficulty of cannulation in the type I PAD group according to the Li-Tanaka classification was greater (OR = 2.04, 95%CI: 1.13-3.68, P = 0.004), and the successful cannulation rate was lower (OR = 0.27, 95%CI: 0.11-0.66, P < 0.001), while it was higher in the type II PAD group (OR = 4.44, 95%CI: 1.61-12.29, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Among the three PAD classifications, the Li-Tanaka classification has an obvious clinical advantage for ERCP cannulation, and it is helpful for evaluating potentially difficult and successful cannulation cases among different types of PAD patients.

3.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 364, 2020 Jun 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32517681

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The incidence of patient dissatisfaction due to anterior knee pain (AKP) and patellar crepitus after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains a concern. However, it has been shown that improvements in the femoral component of traditional prostheses could reduce these instances of pain in the case of TKA performed with patellar resurfacing. This study aims to investigate whether TKA without patellar resurfacing can also benefit from the aforementioned femoral component modification in reducing AKP and patellar crepitus post-TKA. METHODS: Sixty-two patients (85 knees) who underwent TKA using the modern prosthesis and 62 age- and sex-matched patients (90 knees) fitted with the traditional prosthesis were enrolled in this study. The occurrence of AKP and patellar crepitus as well as the Knee Society Score (KSS) were consequently recorded, and the data was analyzed in order to determine whether there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups. RESULTS: The incidence of AKP was significantly lower in the study group compared with the control group at the 3-month and 1-year follow-ups (4.7% vs. 13.3% [p = 0.048] and 3.5% vs. 13.3% [p = 0.021], respectively). In addition, the incidence of patellar crepitus was also significantly lower in the study group compared with the control group at the 3-month and 1-year follow-ups (15.3% vs. 34.4% [p = 0.004] and 10.6% vs. 28.9% [p = 0.002], respectively). There was no significant difference in the KSS between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: These results revealed that TKA without patellar resurfacing will indeed benefit from the modified femoral implant design in reducing AKP and patellar crepitus, a finding that may be beneficial to surgeons who select implants for their patients when patellar resurfacing is not planned or not possible due to other reasons.

4.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 128: 110284, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32480224

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Liver cancer is a devastating disease that has second highest cancer mortality rate worldwide. Although surgical resection or liver transplantation sometimes cures early stage liver cancer, few therapeutic options are available for advanced-stage liver cancer, highlighting the importance of a better understanding of the disease to find novel therapeutic targets. METHODS: Firstly, clinical features of EPS8L3 on liver cancer RNA-seq dataset of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was analyzed, including gene expression levels in tumor tissues in comparison with the normal tissues as well as the patients' OS. To confirm the candidate genes, we used short hairpin RNA (shRNA) to knock down the gene and quantify the cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration. Then micro-array analysis was did to investigate the intracellular mechanisms of EPS8L3. Moreover, to gain further insights into the translational value of the findings, we treated the liver cancer cells with Sorafenib after knocking down the candidate gene, in order to interrogate the combinatorial inhibitory effects on cell metabolism. RESULTS: As a result, by comparing gene expression profiles of normal liver and cancerous tissues, we find that epidermal growth factor receptor kinase substrate 8-like protein 3 (EPS8L3), a gene with unknown function, is upregulated in liver cancer, and is associated with poor prognosis. Further gene set analyses on liver cancer cells revealed that EPS8L3 is pertinent to cell division and proliferation. Indeed, knocking down EPS8L3 inhibits cell proliferation and migration, and triggers apoptosis in vitro. Additionally, when inoculated into mice, EPS8L3 knocked down cells exhibit slower growth rate. Moreover, EPS8L3 expression can substantially increase the efficacy of low dosage of Sorafenib treatment. Furthermore, the results of immunohistochemical staining of 90 paired liver cancer and adjacent normal samples demonstrated high expression of EPS8L3 yields poor prognosis in Chinese liver cancer patients. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our results suggest that EPS8L3 has pivotal oncogenic functions in liver cancer and we propose that EPS8L3 could be a potential therapeutic target to treat liver cancer.

5.
Complement Ther Med ; 51: 102411, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507428

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pediatric tuina is used to prevent and treat disease by employing various manipulative techniques on specific parts of the body, appropriate to the child's specific physiological and pathological characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects and safety of pediatric tuina as a non-pharmaceutical therapy for anorexia in children under 14 years. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing pediatric tuina with medicine for anorexia were included in this review. Six electronic databases were searched from inception to June 2019. Two authors independently extracted data and assessed the risk of bias. Significant effective rate (defined as appetite improved and food intake returning to 3/4 or more of normal intake) was used as primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included food intake, compliance and adverse events. Trial sequential analysis (TSA) was used to calculate the required information size in a meta-analysis and to detect the robustness of the results. Certainty of the evidence was assessed using the online GRADEpro tool. RESULTS: Of the included 28 RCTs involving 2650 children, the majority had a high or unclear risk of bias in terms of allocation concealment, blinding, and selective reporting. All trials compared tuina with western medicine or Chinese herbs. For significant effective rate, meta-analysis showed that tuina was superior to western medicine (risk ratio (RR) 1.68, 95 % confidence interval (CI) [1.35, 2.08]) and Chinese herbs (RR 1.36, 95 % CI [1.19, 1.55]). For food intake, 9 trials evaluated it in the form of score (1 points, 2 points, 4 points and 6 points) calculated according to the reduction degree of food intake. Six points represented the most serious. Meta-analysis showed tuina was superior to western medicine (mean difference (MD) -0.88, 95 % CI [-1.27, -0.50]) and Chinese herbs (MD -0.69, 95 % CI [-1.00, -0.38]) on lightening the reduction degree of food intake. Two trials reported compliance and six trials reported no adverse events occurred in pediatric tuina group. TSA for significant effective rate demonstrated that the pooled data had insufficient power regarding both numbers of trials and participants. CONCLUSIONS: Low certainty of evidence suggested pediatric tuina was beneficial and safe for the treatment of anorexia in children under 14 years. Furthermore well-designed RCTs with adequate sample sizes are needed.

6.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 63, 2020 Jun 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32505216

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: A steady progress on schistosomiasis control in the Peoples' Republic of China (P.R. China) was achieved and broadened into the twelve-year medium and long term national plan (MLNP) which marled the implementation of an integrated control strategy across all endemic areas in P.R. China in 2004. To understand the endemic trends of schistosomiasis to assess the effectiveness of an integrated strategy, we conducted an analysis of schistosomiasis surveillance data spanned from 2005 to 2015. METHODS: The schistosomiasis sentinel surveillance data from sentinel sites were collected and analyzed from 2005 to 2015. In these sentinel sites, residents aged 6 years or above were screened annually by indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA), while only antibody positives were followed by stool examination either Kato-katz method (KK) and/or hatching technique (HT). Domestic animals raised in sentinel sites were examined by HT for confirming the infection of schistosomes. Snail investigation was conducted each year through systematic sampling method combined with environmental sampling method. The snails collected from field were tested by microscopic dissection method. The infection rates of schistosomes in residents, domestic animals and snails, as well as the indicators reflecting the snails' distribution were calculated and analyzed. ANOVA analysis was used to examine the changes of the number of eggs per gram feces in population and Chi-square test was used to examine any change in proportions among groups. RESULTS: A total of 148 902 residents from sentinel sites attended this study and 631 676 blood samples were examined by IHA test during the 11 covered years. The annual average antibody positive rates presented a significant decrease trends, from 17.48% (95% CI: 17.20-17.75%) in 2005 to 5.93% (95% CI: 5.71-6.15%) (χ2 = 8890.47, P < 0.001) in 2015. During 2005-2015, the average infection rate of schistosomes in residents declined from 2.07% (95% CI: 1.96-2.17%) to 0.13% (95% CI: 0.09-0.16%), accompanied by significant decrease of infection intensity in population. In 2015, the stool positives were only found in farmers, fishermen and boatmen with infection rate of 0.16% (95% CI: 0.11-0.20%), 0.17% (95% CI: 0-0.50%) respectively. The infection rate of schistosomes in domestic animals dropped from 9.42% (538/5711, 95% CI: 8.66-10.18%) to 0.08% (2/2360, 95% CI: 0-0.20%) from 2005 to 2015. Infections were found in eight species of domestic animals at the beginning of surveillance while only two cattle were infected in 2015. Totally 98 ha of new snail habitats were found, while 94.90% (93/98) distributed in lake and marshland regions. The percentage of frames with snails decreased from 16.96% (56 884/33 5391, 95% CI: 16.83-17.09%) in 2005 to 4.28% (18 121/423 755, 95% CI: 4.22-4.34%) in 2014, with a slightly increase in 2015. Meanwhile, the infection rate of schistosomes in snails was decreased from 0.26% (663/256 531, 95% CI: 0.24-0.28%) to zero during 2005-2015. CONCLUSIONS: The infection rate of schistosomes declined significantly, providing evidence that the goal of the MLNP was achieved. Elimination of schistosomiasis as a public health problem defined as WHO was also reached in P.R. China nationwide. Surveillance-response system should be improved and strengthened to realize the final goal of schistosomiasis elimination.

7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(10): 2265-2274, 2020 May.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495579

RESUMEN

In December 2019, an outbreak of viral pneumonia began in Wuhan, Hubei Province, which caused the spread of infectious pneumonia to a certain extent in China and neighboring countries and regions, and triggered the epidemic crisis. The coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) is an acute respiratory infectious disease listed as a B infectious disease, which is managed according to standards for A infectious disease. Traditional Chinese medicine and integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine have played an active role in the prevention and control of this epidemic. China's ethnomedicine has recognized infectious diseases since ancient times, and formed a medical system including theory, therapies, formula and herbal medicines for such diseases. Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic, Tibet Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Chuxiong Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan, Qiandongnan Autonomous Prefecture of Guizhou have issued the prevention and control programs for COVID-19 using Tibetan, Mongolian, Uygur, Yi and Miao medicines. These programs reflect the wisdom of ethnomedicine in preventing and treating diseases, which have successfully extracted prescriptions and preventive measures for the outbreak of the epidemic from their own medical theories and traditional experiences. In this paper, we summarized and explained the prescriptions and medicinal materials of ethnomedicine in these programs, and the origin of Tibetan medicine prescriptions and Mongolian medicine prescriptions in ancient books were studied. These become the common characteristics of medical prevention and treatment programs for ethnomedicine to formulate therapeutic programs under the guidance of traditional medicine theories, recommend prescriptions and prevention and treatment methods with characteristics of ethnomedicine, and focus on the conve-nience and standardization. However, strengthening the support of science and technology and the popularization to the public, and improving the participation of ethnomedicine in national public health services and the capacity-building to deal with sudden and critical diseases are key contents in the development of ethnomedicine in the future.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/tratamiento farmacológico , Neumonía Viral/tratamiento farmacológico , China , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional , Pandemias , Tibet
8.
Chemistry ; 2020 Jun 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515841

RESUMEN

Heparin binds to and activates antithrombin (AT) through a specific pentasaccharide sequence in which a trisaccharide subsite, containing glucuronic acid (GlcA), has been considered as the initiator in the recognition of the polysaccharide by the protein. More recently it was suggested that sulfated iduronic acid (IdoA2S) could replace this "canonical" GlcA. Indeed, a heparin octasaccharidic sequence obtained by chemoenzymatic synthesis, in which GlcA is replaced by IdoA2S has been found to similarly bind to and activate antithrombin. Using Saturation-Transfer-Difference NMR, NOEs, transfer NMR and Molecular Dynamics, we show that upon binding to AT this IdoA2S unit develops comparable interactions with AT as GlcA. Interestingly, two IdoA2S units, both present in a 1C4 - 2S0 equilibrium in the unbound saccharide, respectively shift to full 2S0 and full 1C4 upon binding to antithrombin, providing the best illustration of the critical role of iduronic acid conformational flexibility in biological systems.

9.
J Antibiot (Tokyo) ; 2020 Jun 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32528162

RESUMEN

To investigate the genetic features and biological costs of the plasmid pTW4 harboring tet(M) in an isolate of Escherichia coli ST162 from a duck. The complete nucleotide sequence of plasmid pTW4 was determined. The characteristics of plasmid pTW4 in E. coli were investigated by stability and direct competition assays. pTW4 is an IncHI2-type plasmid that contained the resistant genes tet(M), floR, strAB, sul2, rmtB, and blaCMY-2. Tet(M) is located in the composite transposon Tn6539 within the multidrug resistant (MDR) region on this plasmid. Furthermore, the resistance gene rmtB and blaCMY-2 were found outside the MDR region. The plasmid pTW4 remained stable in the host strain E. coli J53 after passage under an antibiotic-free environment for 7 days. However, the strain E. coli J53/pTW4 showed a fitness disadvantage of 6% per ten generations in the process of growth competition with E. coli J53. In conclusion, the plasmid pTW4, a mobile MDR vehicle, may promote the dissemination of tet(M), floR, rmtB, strAB, sul2, and blaCMY-2 among bacteria and then, but it appears to confer growth disadvantage to the host.

10.
Nutr Cancer ; : 1-13, 2020 Jun 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530319

RESUMEN

Background: Large epidemiological studies have yielded conflicting results regarding the relationship between polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and cancers. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to examine the link between dietary intake of n-3 and n-6 PUFAs and cancer risk.Materials and methods: We performed a search on PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. Studies that reported adjusted relative risk (RR) estimates with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the associations of interest were included.Results: Thirty-two studies involving 1,445,732 participants were included. Colorectal, breast and prostate cancer had been analyzed in our study. Specifically, for colorectal cancer, total n-3 PUFAs, marine n-3 PUFAs, α-linolenic acids (ALA) and n-6 PUFAs were not associated with the risk of it (RR 1.04, 95%CI 0.85-1.28; RR 0.99, 95%CI 0.89-1.09; RR 1.05, 95%CI 0.93-1.19; RR 1.02, 95%CI 0.94-1.11, respectively). For breast cancer, only marine n-3 PUFAs, but not total n-3 PUFAs, ALA, and n-6 PUFAs, was associated with a lower risk of it (RR 0.70, 95%CI 0.55-0.91). For prostate cancer, ALA and n-6 PUFAs also have no association with the risk of it.Conclusions: Most subtypes of PUFAs are probably not related to cancers. However, additional high-quality trials are warranted to corroborate the findings of this meta-analysis.

11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(7): 1596-1599, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489037

RESUMEN

Standardization is the technical support for the development of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), and the guidelines have become the main component of the core standards of TCM technology. With the rise and development of evidence-based medicine in China, more than 500 guidelines have been issued in China, and the number is still increasing, but the quality of guidelines still lags far behind the international level. Similarly, the formulation of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for TCM has gradually attracted the attention of the industry, but the quality is not so good, and most guidelines are not really evidence-based guidelines. Only reliable guidelines can fully and effectively play the role of clinical guidance. In order to comprehensively improve the scientificity and credibility of the guidelines, guideline evaluation can be used as a means to improve the quality of the guidelines. For the development of traditional Chinese medicine, it has become an urgent task to establish a complete evaluation standard system of guidelines, especially the evaluation standard system that conforms to the technical characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine. In this paper, the advantages and limitations of a series of domestic and foreign guideline evaluation tools were systematically analyzed, and the thinking and difficulties to establish the evaluation system of TCM guidelines were put forward, with a purpose to further improve the quality of TCM clinical practice guidelines, so that they can be better applied in clinical practice to enhance the clinical efficacy of TCM and ensure the quality of medical services.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicina China Tradicional , China , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia , Internacionalidad , Estándares de Referencia
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(7): 1600-1605, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489038

RESUMEN

Based on the idea of establishing a complete guideline evaluation system applicable to the field of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), the author believes that a complete guideline evaluation system of traditional Chinese medicine clinical practice should be divided into three parts: quality evaluation, clinical applicability evaluation and clinical application investigation. According to the different purposes, different evaluators, different evaluation methods and different evaluation time points in the guideline evaluation, the quality evaluation recommendation list, the clinical applicability evaluation recommendation list and the clinical application questionnaire were formed. Among them, the purpose of quality evaluation is to evaluate the methodological quality in the guideline development process, in order to measure whether the entire guideline development process is scientifically rigorous. The evaluators must be the methodologists with an evidence-based medicine background. Therefore, a logical, detailed and comprehensive guideline quality evaluation list will provide good evaluation tools for the TCM guideline formulation team and play an important role in promoting the quality and application of the guidelines. By referring to the internationally recognized development process and methods of evaluation tools, as well as the proof by authoritative TCM clinical experts and methodologists, the author worked out the quality evaluation list of clinical practice guidelines applicable to the field of TCM by considering the characteristics of TCM field. In this paper, the author introduces the whole list of quality evaluation recommendations, and interprets each item in details, hoping to provide reference for the standardization of TCM clinical practice guidelines in the future.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Basada en la Evidencia , Medicina China Tradicional , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(7): 1606-1610, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489039

RESUMEN

The development of the guidelines should not only meet the rigorous methodological requirements, but also ensure the credibility or enforceability of the guideline recommendations when they are applied in clinical practice. Based on the idea of establi-shing a perfect guideline evaluation system applicable to the field of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), the author believed that a complete evaluation system of clinical practice guidelines in the field of TCM shall be divided into three parts: quality evaluation, applicability evaluation and clinical application investigation. Among them, applicability evaluation refers to the evaluation of the degree of fit between the guideline and clinical practice, that is, whether the guidelines have good readability and clinical applicability to promote clinical application. The evaluators are clinical experts in the related fields of TCM. Therefore, a logical, detailed and comprehensive guideline quality evaluation list will provide good evaluation tools for the TCM guideline formulation team and play an important role in promoting the quality and application of the guidelines. Based on the internationally recognized development process and methods of evaluation tools, as well as the proof by authoritative TCM clinical experts and methodologists, the author worked out the quality evaluation list of clinical practice guidelines applicable to the field of TCM. In this paper, the author introduces the whole list of quality evaluation, and interprets each item in details, hoping to provide reference for the standardization of TCM clinical practice guidelines in the future.


Asunto(s)
Medicina China Tradicional , Estándares de Referencia
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(7): 1691-1697, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489051

RESUMEN

To explore the etiology, pathogenesis, distribution of syndromes and the rule of medication of chronic atrophic gastritis(CAG) in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region based on the latent structure model. Chronic atrophic gastritis of 279 cases in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region were extracted from the established database of spleen and stomach diseases of famous veteran Chinese medicine experts. The latent structure models of symptoms and drugs of chronic atrophic gastritis were constructed by using Lantern 3.1.2 software, and the latent structure models were interpreted. SAS 10.0 software was used to mine association rules of drugs and symptoms. The constitutional characteristics of patients with chronic atrophic gastritis in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region were "turbid toxin and damaging Yin". The common syndromes were turbid toxin, deficiency of stomach Yin, stagnation of liver and stomach, stagnation of liver and stomach Qi, obstruction of stomach collaterals and blood stasis, and weakness of spleen and stomach. Common medicines are Lobeliae Chinensis Herba, Scutellariae Barbatae Herba, Amomi Fructus Rotundus, Amomi Fructus, Poria, Isatidis Radix, Artemisiae Scopariae Herba, Scorpio, Coptidis Rhizoma, Lilii Bulbus, Linderae Radix, Phragmitis Rhizoma, Ophiopogonis Radix, Pogostemonis Herba, Eupatorii Herba, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex, Aurantii Fructus Immaturus. Common prescriptions are Baihe Wuyao Powder, Danggui Shaoyao Powder, Xiaoyao Pills, Xiangsu Powder, Dachengqi Decoction, Zuojin Pills, Qingzhong Decoction, Zhishi Daozhi Pills, etc. The application of latent structure model and correlation analysis in the empirical study of famous and veteran Chinese medicine experts is in line with the research direction of modern Chinese medicine "traditional Chinese medicine + X". The conclusions obtained effectively tap the experience of famous and veteran TCM experts, and provide a data and visual clinical reference and prescription compatibility for young TCM physicians in the treatment of chronic atrophic gastritis based on syndrome differentiation.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Gastritis Atrófica , Beijing , Humanos , Medicina China Tradicional , Rizoma
15.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 14: 1813-1823, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32494123

RESUMEN

Introduction: Berberine has been reported to inhibit cancer cell growth by apoptosis induction and exhibits a protective role against cancer progression. The current study aims to investigate the effects of berberine on acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and the mechanism beyond apoptosis. Methods: Cell viability was determined in ALL cell lines EU-6 and SKW-3 using trypan blue staining. Cell autophagy was determined by immunofluorescence and Western blot. ALL xenograft mice were established to investigate the anti-tumor effects of BBR. The molecular mechanism was explored in ALL cell lines using siRNA and signaling inhibitors. Results: Herein, we show that berberine treatment significantly inhibits ALL cell viability and promotes cell death by inducing autophagy in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, berberine significantly alleviates the aggressive pathological condition in ALL xenograft mice. Mechanistic studies exhibit that berberine induces autophagic death in ALL cells by inactivating AKT/mTORC1 signaling. Chemically targeting AKT/mTORC1 signaling controls berberine-induced cell autophagy in vitro, and blockade of autophagic process blunts berberine-alleviated pathological condition in vivo. Discussion: In conclusion, our study reveals that berberine could induce ALL cell autophagic death by inactivating AKT/mTORC1 signaling that could be used to develop small molecule drug for ALL treatment.

16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498505

RESUMEN

Flexible pressure sensors emerge for important applications in wearable electronics, with increasing requirements for high sensitivity, fast response, and low detection limit. However, there is still a challenge in this field, that is, how to maximize both the electrical performance and mechanical stretchability simultaneously. Here, we report a straightforward and cost-effective method to fabricate highly stretchable and sensitive capacitive pressure sensor arrays. It features a unique design of integrating the icicle-shaped liquid metal film electrode and reliable processing of the liquid metal and elastomer. Under an external load, the deformation of the elastic bump structure dramatically results in an increase in the overlapping area of the electrodes and a decrease in the separation distance, offering a new capacitive sensing scheme with an enhanced sensitivity. Our sensor has been demonstrated with a high sensitivity of 39% kPa-1 in the range of 0-1 kPa, limit of detection as low as 12 Pa, hysteresis error of 8.46% at a maximum pressure of 25 kPa, and stretchability up to 94% strain without any failure. The arrayed sensor has been successfully applied to force measurements on a curved surface, contour mapping of external loads, and monitoring of contact pressures under various cervical postures.

17.
Eur J Neurol ; 2020 Jun 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562320

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Migraine is a complex and disabling neurological disorder, and the exact neurological mechanisms remain unclear. Thalamus is considered the hub of the central processing and integration of nociceptive information, as well as the modulation of these processes. METHOD: Forty-eight migraineurs without aura (MWoAs) during the interictal phase and 48 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs) underwent resting-state fMRI scans. We utilized masked independent component analysis (mICA) and seed-based functional connectivity (FC) to investigate whether MWoA exhibited abnormal FC between subregions in the thalamus and the cortex regions. RESULTS: MWoAs showed significantly weaker FC between the anterior dorsal nucleus (ADN) and left precuneus. Additionally, MWoAs exhibited significantly reduced FC between the ventral posterior nucleus (VPN) and left precuneus, right inferior parietal lobule, and right middle frontal gyrus; furthermore, the FC Z scores between VPN and right inferior parietal lobule were negatively correlated with pain intensity in MWoAs. The disease duration of patients was negatively correlated with the FC Z scores between the VPN and right inferior parietal lobule. CONCLUSION: These altered thalamocortical connectivity patterns may contribute to multisensory integration abnormalities, deficits in pain attention, cognitive evaluation, and pain modulation. Pain sensitivity and disease duration are closely tied to abnormal FC between VPN and right inferior parietal lobule. Remarkably, recurrent headache attacks might contribute to this maladaptive functional plasticity closely related to pain intensity.

18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 9586, 2020 Jun 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32514069

RESUMEN

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

19.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 239: 118511, 2020 Oct 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32480275

RESUMEN

Phenol, o-cresol, p-cresol, catechol and resorcinol are five phenolic compounds with extremely similar structure. Their fluorescence spectra are hard to be analyzed because of the serious spectral overlaps between any two of the five phenolic components in the mixture system. In this experiment, multi-dimensional partial least-squares (N-PLS), unfolded partial least-squares (U-PLS) with residual bilinearization (RBL) and parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC) are employed to analyze the three-way fluorescence spectra aiming to achieve quantitative results. Meanwhile, a contrast of these three methods is given. The experiment results show that N-PLS/RBL and U-PLS/RBL algorithms are superior to PARARFAC in terms of analysis of highly overlapping three-way fluorescence spectra for concentration determination.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(26): e21012, 2020 Jun 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590819

RESUMEN

COVID-19 is an emerging infectious disease capable of causing severe pneumonia. We aimed to characterize a group of critically ill patients in a single-center study.This was a retrospective case series of 23 patients with confirmed COVID-19-related critical illness in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a hospital in Hangzhou Zhejiang Province between January 22 and March 20, 2020.Of the 23 critically ill patients, the median age was 66 years (interquartile range [IQR] 59-80 years). The median time from disease onset to ICU admission was 10 days (IQR 6-11 days), to mechanical ventilation (MV) was 11 days (IQR 7.75-13 days), to artificial liver plasma exchange was 12 days (IQR 9.75-14.75 days), and to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was 22 days (IQR 17.5-30 days). Nine patients required high flow oxygen. Fourteen patients received MV. Six required ECMO. Nine received artificial liver plasma exchange. Mortality was 0 at day 28.Mortality was 0 at day 28 in our single-center study. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation reduced the requirements for ventilator support. Artificial liver plasma exchange significantly reduced inflammatory cytokine levels. These supportive therapies helped to extend the patients' survival times and increase the chance of follow-up treatments.

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