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1.
Bioresour Technol ; 333: 125204, 2021 Apr 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932811

RESUMEN

In this study, Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 (ADM1) were modified to simulate anaerobic digestion (AD) process of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) and five lignocellulosic substrates, with the goal of predicting the hydrolysis rates of holocellulose fractions in environments with and without lignin inhibition. After model verification, the hydrolysis rate constant of MCC, i.e., the hydrolyzability of cellulose without lignin inhibition, was 3.227 d-1, while those of the holocellulose fractions of five lignocellulosic substrates (I_khyd) were in the range of 1.270 d-1 to 3.364 d-1 (average of 2.242 d-1), which demonstrated remarkable suppression of holocellulose hydrolysis by lignin. Lignin inhibition index (LII) was proposed as an indicator to intuitively quantify and characterize the lignin inhibitory strength in a specific substrate. A series of factors with the potential to affect the LII were analyzed sequentially. This study provides an advanced understanding of the participation and behavior of lignin in the AD process.

2.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805713

RESUMEN

Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Gliomas (DIPGs) are highly aggressive paediatric brain tumours. Currently, irradiation is the only standard treatment, but is palliative in nature and most patients die within 12 months of diagnosis. Novel therapeutic approaches are urgently needed for the treatment of this devastating disease. We have developed non-persistent gold nano-architectures (NAs) functionalised with human serum albumin (HSA) for the delivery of doxorubicin. Doxorubicin has been previously reported to be cytotoxic in DIPG cells. In this study, we have preclinically evaluated the cytotoxic efficacy of doxorubicin delivered through gold nanoarchitectures (NAs-HSA-Dox). We found that DIPG neurospheres were equally sensitive to doxorubicin and doxorubicin-loaded NAs. Colony formation assays demonstrated greater potency of NAs-HSA-Dox on colony formation compared to doxorubicin. Western blot analysis indicated increased apoptotic markers cleaved Parp, cleaved caspase 3 and phosphorylated H2AX in NAs-HSA-Dox treated DIPG neurospheres. Live cell content and confocal imaging demonstrated significantly higher uptake of NAs-HSA-Dox into DIPG neurospheres compared to doxorubicin alone. Despite the potency of the NAs in vitro, treatment of an orthotopic model of DIPG showed no antitumour effect. This disparate outcome may be due to the integrity of the blood-brain barrier and highlights the need to develop therapies to enhance penetration of drugs into DIPG.

3.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 609722, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791234

RESUMEN

Orally administered probiotics encounter various challenges on their journey through the mouth, stomach, intestine and colon. The health benefits of probiotics are diminished mainly due to the substantial reduction of viable probiotic bacteria under the harsh conditions in the gastrointestinal tract and the colonization resistance caused by commensal bacteria. In this review, we illustrate the factors affecting probiotic viability and their mucoadhesive properties through their journey in the gastrointestinal tract, including a discussion on various mucosadhesion-related proteins on the probiotic cell surface which facilitate colonization.

4.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6664591, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791372

RESUMEN

Depression is a common and disabling mental disorder with high recurrence rate. Searching for more effective treatments for depression is a long-standing primary objective in neuroscience. Agomelatine (AGO) was reported as an antidepressant with unique pharmacological effects. However, its effects and the underlying mechanism are still unclear. In this study, we sought to evaluate the antidepressant effects of AGO on the chronic restraint stress (CRS) mouse model and preliminarily investigate its effects on the gut microbial metabolites. The CRS model mice were established in 28 days with AGO (60 mg/kg/day, by oral) or fluoxetine (15 mg/kg/day, by oral) administration. The number of behavioral tests was conducted to evaluate the effect of AGO on depression-like behavior alleviation. Meanwhile, the expression of the BDNF/TrkB/pERK signaling pathway, apoptosis, autophagy, and inflammatory protein markers were assessed using western blot and immunofluorescence. Our findings show that AGO can attenuate the depressive-like behavior that significantly appeared in both sucrose preference and forced swimming tests. Additionally, a noticeable upregulation of autophagy including Beclin1 and LC3II, microglial activity marker Iba-1, and BDNF/TrkB/pERK signaling pathways are indicated. An obvious decreased expression of NF-κB, iNOS, and nNOS as well as apoptosis including Bax is observed in AGO administration mice. On the other hand, we found that AGO impacted the rebalancing of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in mouse feces. Altogether, these findings suggest that AGO can exert antidepressant effects in a different molecular mechanism.

5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793030

RESUMEN

Reductive carboxylation of organo (pseudo)halides with CO 2 is a powerful method to provide carboxylic acids quickly. Notably, the catalytic reductive carbo-carboxylation of unsaturated hydrocarbons via CO 2 fixation is a highly challenging but desirable approach for structurally diverse carboxylic acids. However, there are only a few reports but no examples of alkenes via transition-metal catalysis. Herein, we report the first asymmetric reductive carbo-carboxylation of alkenes with CO 2 via nickel catalysis. A variety of aryl (pseudo)halides, such as aryl bromides, aryl triflates and inert aryl chlorides of particular note, undergo the reaction smoothly to give important oxindole-3-acetic acid derivatives bearing a C3-quaternary stereocenter. This transformation features mild reaction conditions, wide substrate scope, facile scalability, good to excellent chemo-, regio- and enantio-selectivities. Importantly, the method is highlighted by the formal synthesis of (-)-Esermethole, (-)-Physostigmine and (-)-Physovenine, as well as the total synthesis of (-)-Debromoflustramide B, (-)-Debromoflustramine B and (+)-Coixspirolactam A, opening an avenue for the total synthesis of chiral natural products with CO 2 .

7.
Eur J Nutr ; 2021 Apr 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33866422

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the protective effect of broccoli microgreens juice (BMJ) during C57BL/6J mice obesity development. METHODS: The obese model mice, induced by feeding high-fat diet (HFD), were treated with BMJ by gavage for 10 weeks. Melbine was gavaged at 300 mg/(kg bw)/d, as a positive control group. RESULTS: BMJ supplementation significantly reduced white adipose tissues (WAT) mass, the body weight and adipocyte size, and increased water intake in HFD-fed mice. Moreover, it improved glucose tolerance, reduced insulin level and HOMA-IR value, and alleviated insulin resistance. Compared with the HFD group, BMJ supplementation significantly increased the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes and decreased the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes at the phylum level, and enriched Bacteroides_acidifaciens at the species level. These changes in the composition of gut microbiota are associated with the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and reduced LPS levels, and had an obvious anti-inflammatory effect. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggested that the protective effects of BMJ on diet-induced obesity may be involved in gut microbiota-SCFAs-LPS-inflammatory axis. In addition, BMJ can enhance liver antioxidant capacity and reduce liver fat accumulation. Consequently, these results sustain BMJ as a novel functional food for obesity, on the basis of its opposing effects on HFD-induced obesity in mice.

8.
Integr Zool ; 2021 Apr 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881802

RESUMEN

Wolbachia infection is known to affect host reproduction and development. To date, however, the underlying mechanism related to the effects of Wolbachia on host development has not yet been reported. Here, we compared the developmental duration and body weight in different instars of Wolbachia-positive (W+ ) and Wolbachia-negative (W- ) spiders (Hylyphantes graminicola) and detected the relative expression levels of six insulin-related genes and three ecdysone-related genes using reverse transcription qPCR (RT-qPCR). Results showed that the developmental duration was significantly shortened in W+ spiders compared with W- spiders. Furthermore, W+ spiders were significantly heavier than W- spiders at the 3rd and 4th instars, although no significant differences in body weight were observed after maturity. We also found that the expression levels of insulin-like growth factor-2 mRNA-binding protein-1, insulin-degrading enzyme, and ecdysone-inducible protein-1 genes were significantly down-regulated in W+ spiders compared with W- spiders, whereas the expression levels of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1, insulin-like peptide receptor, insulin receptor substrate 2-B, insulin-like, ecdysone-induced protein-2, and ecdysone receptor genes were significantly up-regulated in W+ spiders. Our results suggest that Wolbachia may influence host development by affecting insulin and ecdysone signaling pathways. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
J Phys Chem A ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822612

RESUMEN

A recently synthesized novel molecule (named CAT-1) exhibits intriguing near-infrared (NIR) thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) close to 1000 nm wavelength; however, the mechanism behind these intrinsic properties is not fully understood. Herein, we unravel that the fluorescence emission spectrum with a broad wavelength range (770-950 nm) of CAT-1 is primarily induced by hydrogen bond steric hindrance based on density functional theory and Marcus theory. It is found that the hydrogen bond steric hindrance plays a critical role in inhibiting the twist of the configuration of different excited states, which leads to the minor driving force for fast electron trapping between the excited states, as well as small internal reorganization energy caused by less changed geometric configuration. Furthermore, such steric hindrance will cause a more distorted plane, resulting in a less favorable electron delocalization. A faster reverse intersystem crossing (RISC) rate is then obtained due to the nearly unchanged conformation between excited states caused by steric hindrance, although the spin-orbit coupling is small. Consequently, the NIR TADF with a longer wavelength can be emitted in CAT-1. This work shows that the hydrogen bond steric hindrance can fine-tune the electronic interactions of the donor and acceptor units to control the TADF.

10.
J Neurotrauma ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33820470

RESUMEN

Traumatic spinal cord injuries (SCIs) occur due to different spinal column injury patterns including burst fracture, dislocation, and flexion-distraction. Pre-clinical studies modeling different SCI mechanisms have shown distinct histological differences between these injuries, both acutely (3 hours and less) and chronically (8 weeks), but there remains a temporal gap. Different rates of injury progression at specific regions of the spinal cord may provide insight into the pathologies that are initiated by specific SCI mechanisms. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the temporal progression of injury at specific tracts within the white matter, for time points of 3 hours, 24 hours, and 7 days, for three distinct SCI mechanisms. In this study, 96 male Sprague Dawley rats underwent one of three SCI mechanisms: contusion, dislocation, or distraction. Animals were sacrificed at one of three times post injury: 3 hours, 24 hours, or 7 days. Histological analysis using eriochrome cyanide and immunostaining for MBP, SMI-312, NF-H, and ß-III tubulin were used to characterize white matter sparing, and axon and myelinated axon counts. The regions analyzed were the gracile fasciculus, cuneate fasciculus, dorsal corticospinal tract, and ventrolateral white matter. Contusion, dislocation, and distraction SCIs demonstrated distinctly different damage patterns and injuries that progressed differently over time. Myelinated axon counts were significantly reduced after dislocation and contusion injuries in most locations and time points analyzed (compared to sham). This indicates early myelin damage often within 3 hours. Myelinated axon counts after distraction dropped early and did not demonstrate any significant progression over the next 7 days. Important differences in white matter degeneration were identified between injury types, with distraction injuries showing the least variability across timepoints These findings and the observation that white matter injury occurs early, and in many cases, without much dynamic change highlight the importance of injury type in SCI research - both clinically and pre-clinically.

11.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822011

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The etiology and optimal clinical management of acute febrile illness (AFI) is poorly understood. METHODS: Blood samples taken from study participants with acute fever (≥37.5°C) or a history of fever and recruited into the previous Typhoid-Fever-Surveillance-in-Africa (TSAP) study were evaluated using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based TaqMan-Array Card designed to detect a panel of bacterial, viral and parasitic pathogens. Clinical metadata were also assessed. RESULTS: A total of 615 blood samples available for analysis originated from Burkina Faso (n=53), Madagascar (n=364) and Sudan (n=198) and were taken from participants ranging from 0-19 years of age. Most individuals [86.4% (531/615)] presenting at healthcare facilities were outpatient adolescents (11-19 years-old). Leading clinical diagnoses were respiratory tract infections [45.9% (282/615)], malaria [27.3% (168/615)], and gastrointestinal tract infections [10.7% (66/615)]. Through the TaqMan-Array Card, at least one pathogen was detected in 62% (33/53), 24% (86/364), and 60% (118/198) of specimens, from Burkina Faso, Madagascar and Sudan, respectively. The leading identified pathogen overall was Plasmodium spp., accounting for 47% (25/53), 2.2% (8/364) and 45% (90/198) of AFI at respective sites. In Madagascar, dengue virus was the most prevalent pathogen (10.2%). Overall, 69% (357/516) of patients with clinical diagnoses of malaria, respiratory, or gastrointestinal infections were prescribed a WHO-guideline-recommended empiric antibiotic,whereas only 45% (106/237) of patients with pathogens detected were treated with an antibiotic exerting likely activity. CONCLUSIONS: A PCR-approach for identifying multiple bacterial, viral and parasitic pathogens in whole blood unveiled a diversity of previously undetected pathogens in AFI cases and carries implications for the appropriate management of this common syndrome.

12.
Cell Rep ; 35(2): 108994, 2021 Apr 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852836

RESUMEN

Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is an aggressive and incurable childhood brain tumor for which new treatments are needed. CBL0137 is an anti-cancer compound developed from quinacrine that targets facilitates chromatin transcription (FACT), a chromatin remodeling complex involved in transcription, replication, and DNA repair. We show that CBL0137 displays profound cytotoxic activity against a panel of patient-derived DIPG cultures by restoring tumor suppressor TP53 and Rb activity. Moreover, in an orthotopic model of DIPG, treatment with CBL0137 significantly extends animal survival. The FACT subunit SPT16 is found to directly interact with H3.3K27M, and treatment with CBL0137 restores both histone H3 acetylation and trimethylation. Combined treatment of CBL0137 with the histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat leads to inhibition of the Rb/E2F1 pathway and induction of apoptosis. The combination of CBL0137 and panobinostat significantly prolongs the survival of mice bearing DIPG orthografts, suggesting a potential treatment strategy for DIPG.

13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33856026

RESUMEN

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a complex syndrome with an abrupt decrease of kidney function, which is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Sepsis is the common cause of AKI. Mounting evidence has demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles in the development and progression of sepsis-induced AKI. In this study, we aimed to illustrate the function and mechanism of lncRNA SNHG14 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced AKI. We found that SNHG14 was highly expressed in the plasma of sepsis patients with AKI. SNHG14 inhibited cell proliferation and autophagy and promoted cell apoptosis and inflammatory cytokine production in LPS-stimulated HK-2 cells. Functionally, SNHG14 acted as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) to negatively regulate miR-495-3p expression in HK-2 cells. Furthermore, we identified that HIPK1 is a direct target of miR-495-3p in HK-2 cells. We also revealed that the SNHG14/miR-495-3p/HIPK1 interaction network regulated HK-2 cell proliferation, apoptosis, autophagy, and inflammatory cytokine production upon LPS stimulation. In addition, we demonstrated that the SNHG14/miR-495-3p/HIPK1 interaction network regulated the production of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß) via modulating NF-κB/p65 signaling in LPS-challenged HK-2 cells. In conclusion, our findings suggested a novel therapeutic axis of SNHG14/miR-495-3p/HIPK1 to treat sepsis-induced AKI.

14.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 2021 Apr 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33844667

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: It is widely believed that septic arthritis poses a risk of joint destruction and long-term adverse outcomes for children if not treated emergently. In the present study, children who had primary confirmed septic arthritis were compared with those who had septic arthritis and adjacent osteomyelitis to evaluate differences that affect the relative risk of adverse outcomes. METHODS: Children who underwent multidisciplinary treatment for septic arthritis with or without contiguous osteomyelitis between 2009 and 2019 were retrospectively studied. Clinical, laboratory, treatment, and outcome data were compared between cohorts of children with primary confirmed septic arthritis and children with septic arthritis and contiguous osteomyelitis. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-four children had primary confirmed septic arthritis, and 105 children had septic arthritis with contiguous osteomyelitis. Children with osteomyelitis were older (median, 7.4 versus 2.4 years), had higher initial C-reactive protein (median, 15.7 versus 6.4 mg/dL), and had a higher rate of thrombocytopenia (21.0% versus 1.5%). They also had a higher rate of bacteremia (69.5% versus 20.2%) for a longer duration (median, 2.0 versus 1.0 days). Detected pathogens in children with osteomyelitis as compared with those with primary septic arthritis were more likely to be Staphylococcus aureus (77.1% versus 32.1%) and less likely to be Kingella kingae (2.9% versus 32.1%). Children with contiguous osteomyelitis had longer hospitalizations (median, 8.0 versus 4.0 days), a higher rate of intensive care (21.0% versus 1.5%), a higher readmission rate (17.1% versus 5.2%), and a higher complication rate (38.1% versus 0.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Primary septic arthritis in children is dissimilar to septic arthritis associated with osteomyelitis. The present study demonstrates that long-term adverse outcomes in children with septic arthritis are likely due to the contiguous osteomyelitis. Children with primary septic arthritis are sufficiently distinguishable from those who have contiguous osteomyelitis to guide decisions for magnetic resonance imaging acquisition, duration of antibiotic therapy, and length of outpatient follow-up in order to recognize and address adverse outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

15.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(11)2021 Mar 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836585

RESUMEN

The alteration of the enteric nervous system (ENS) and its role in neuroimmune modulation remain obscure in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Here, by using the xCell tool and the latest immunolabeling-enabled three-dimensional (3D) imaging of solvent-cleared organs technique, we found severe pathological damage of the entire ENS and decreased expression of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) in IBD patients. As a result, acetylcholine (ACh), a major neurotransmitter of the nervous system synthesized by ChAT, was greatly reduced in colon tissues of both IBD patients and colitis mice. Importantly, administration of ACh via enema remarkably ameliorated colitis, which was proved to be directly dependent on monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (M-MDSCs). Furthermore, ACh was demonstrated to promote interleukin-10 secretion of M-MDSCs and suppress the inflammation through activating the nAChR/ERK pathway. The present data reveal that the cholinergic signaling pathway in the ENS is impaired during colitis and uncover an ACh-MDSCs neuroimmune regulatory pathway, which may offer promising therapeutic strategies for IBDs.

16.
G3 (Bethesda) ; 2021 Apr 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836054

RESUMEN

Plant height is a crucial element related to plant architecture that influences the seed yield of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). In this study, we isolated a natural B. napus mutant, namely a semi-dwarf mutant (sdw-e), which exhibits a 30% reduction in plant height compared to Zhongshuang 11-HP (ZS11-HP). Quantitative trait locus sequencing (QTL-seq) was conducted using two extreme DNA bulks in F2 populations in Wuchang-2017 derived from ZS11-HP × sdw-e to identify QTLs associated with plant height. The result suggested that two QTL intervals were located on chromosome A10. The F2 population consisting of 200 individuals in Yangluo-2018 derived from ZS11-HP × sdw-e was used to construct a high-density linkage map using whole-genome resequencing. The high-density linkage map harbored 4323 bin markers and covered a total distance of 2026.52 cM with an average marker interval of 0.47 cM. The major QTL for plant height named qPHA10 was identified on linkage group A10 by interval mapping (IM) and composite interval mapping (CIM) methods. The major QTL qPHA10 was highly consistent with the QTL-seq results. And then, we integrated the variation sites and expression levels of genes in the major QTL interval to predict the candidate genes. Thus, the identified QTL and candidate genes could be used in marker-assisted selection for B. napus breeding in the future.

17.
Genome Res ; 2021 Apr 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33837132

RESUMEN

Auditory hair cells transduce sound to the brain and in mammals these cells reside together with supporting cells in the sensory epithelium of the cochlea, called the organ of Corti. To establish the organ's delicate function during development and differentiation, spatiotemporal gene expression is strictly controlled by chromatin accessibility and cell type-specific transcription factors, jointly representing the regulatory landscape. Bulk-sequencing technology and cellular heterogeneity obscured investigations on the interplay between transcription factors and chromatin accessibility in inner ear development. To study the formation of the regulatory landscape in hair cells, we collected single-cell chromatin accessibility profiles accompanied by single-cell RNA data from genetically labeled murine hair cells and supporting cells after birth. Using an integrative approach, we predicted cell type-specific activating and repressing functions of developmental transcription factors. Furthermore, by integrating gene expression and chromatin accessibility datasets, we reconstructed gene regulatory networks. Then, using a comparative approach, 20 hair cell-specific activators and repressors, including putative downstream target genes, were identified. Clustering of target genes resolved groups of related transcription factors and was utilized to infer their developmental functions. Finally, the heterogeneity in the single-cell data allowed us to spatially reconstruct transcriptional as well as chromatin accessibility trajectories, indicating that gradual changes in the chromatin accessibility landscape were lagging behind the transcriptional identity of hair cells along the organ's longitudinal axis. Overall, this study provides a strategy to spatially reconstruct the formation of a lineage specific regulatory landscape using a single-cell multi-omics approach.

18.
New Phytol ; 2021 Apr 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33837555

RESUMEN

Grain yield in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) is largely determined by inflorescence architecture. Zang734 is an endemic Tibetan wheat variety that exhibited rare triple-spikelet (TRS) phenotype with significantly increased spikelet/floret number per spike. However, the molecular basis underlying this specific spike morphology is completely unknown. Through map-based cloning, the causal genes for TRS trait in Zang734 were isolated. Furthermore, by CRISPR/Cas9-based gene mutation, transcriptome sequencing and protein-protein interaction, the downstream signaling networks related to spikelet formation and awn elongation were defined. Results showed that the null mutation in WFZP-A together with deletion of WFZP-D lead to TRS trait in Zang734. More interestingly, WFZP plays dual roles in simultaneously repressing spikelet formation gene TaBA1 and activating awn development genes, basically through the recruitments of chromatin remodeling elements and Mediator complex. Our findings provide insights into the molecular bases by which WFZP suppresses spikelet formation but promotes awn elongation, and more importantly, define WFZP-D as a favorable gene for high-yield crop breeding.

19.
Plant Physiol ; 2021 Apr 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848336

RESUMEN

An update on the use of precision phenotyping to assess the potential of lesser cultivated species as candidates for de novo domestication or similar development for future agriculture.

20.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(10): 2128-2136, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33859519

RESUMEN

Purpose: To analyze the chest CT imaging findings of patients with initial negative RT-PCR and to compare with the CT findings of the same sets of patients when the RT-PCR turned positive for SARS-CoV-2 a few days later. Materials and methods: A total of 32 patients (8 males and 24 females; 52.9±7years old) with COVID-19 from 27 January and 26 February 2020 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Clinical and radiological characteristics were analyzed. Results: The median period (25%, 75%) between initial symptoms and the first chest CT, the initial negative RT-PCR, the second CT and the positive RT-PCR were 7(4.25,11.75), 7(5,10.75), 15(11,23) and 14(10,22) days, respectively. Ground glass opacities was the most frequent CT findings at both the first and second CTs. Consolidation was more frequently observed on lower lobes, and more frequently detected during the second CT (64.0%) with positive RT-PCR than the first CT with initial negative RT-PCR (53.1%). The median of total lung severity score and the number of lobes affected had significant difference between twice chest CT (P=0.007 and P=0.011, respectively). Conclusion: In the first week of disease course, CT was sensitive to the COVID-19 with initial negative RT-PCR. Throat swab test turned positive while chest CT mostly demonstrated progression.


Asunto(s)
/métodos , Neumonía Viral/diagnóstico por imagen , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X/métodos , /etiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neumonía Viral/etiología , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa de Transcriptasa Inversa , Tórax , Factores de Tiempo
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