Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.182
Filtrar
1.
Adv Mater ; : e2201575, 2022 May 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526115

RESUMEN

Here an ultrasonic motor built with a contactless meta engine block (MEB) is designed and experimentally demonstrated for twisting the linear momentum of sound emanating a Helmholtz resonator-based metasurface into orbital angular momentum (OAM). The MEB is capable to host high-efficient excitations of eigenmodes carrying desired OAM whose Bessel acoustic intensity patterns are enhanced by over 10 times compared to the incident wave. Thanks to this efficiency, bidirectional ultrasonic OAM is capable to drive loads at speeds up to 1000 rpm at 4 Watts and remarkable sound radiation torque levels. Moreover, we also demonstrate the possibility of using arbitrarily shaped MEBs by engineering its physical boundary condition based on an analytically derived criterion to guarantee high twisting efficiency of man-made OAM. Our results show how noninvasive driving of an ultrasonic motor can be made possible through appropriately-designed momentum twisting, which opens the door to a new class of integrated mechanical devices solely powered by sound. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Bioorg Chem ; 126: 105865, 2022 May 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35605555

RESUMEN

Extensive research effort has been put in pentacyclic triterpenoids due to their numerous biological activities. However, their poor water solubility and low oral bioavailability limit their antitumor effects in vivo. To address these issues, 37 triterpenoid acid derivatives linked to l-phenylalanine or l-proline were designed and synthesized in this study. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies found two promising glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) derivatives 11 and 16. Compound 11 was obtained by C3-OH esterification and C30-COOH modification with l-phenylalanine while 16 was obtained by attaching C3-OH with l-phenylalanine. Compounds 11 and 16 exhibit up to 48- and 120-fold improvement respectively compared with the IC50 values of naturally occurring GA in the cellular assay. Fluorescence microscope and flow cytometric analysis suggested that both compounds 11 and 16 increased the content of ROS and Ca2+ in cancer cells, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential (JC-1), and activated the regulator caspase-3/8/9 to trigger cell apoptosis. RNA-seq analysis and western blot analysis indicated that compounds 11 and 16 may promote apoptosis by upregulating the functions of pro-apoptotic factors while inhibiting the proteasome activity.

3.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 7319563, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35578728

RESUMEN

As a traditional Chinese medicine formula, Mi-Jian-Chang-Pu decoction (MJCPD) has been successfully used in patients with language dysfunction and hemiplegia after ischemic stroke (IS). Given the excellent protective effects of MJCPD against nerve damage caused by IS in clinical settings, the present investigation mainly focused on its underlying mechanism on ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Firstly, by applying the MCAO-induced cerebral IR injury rats, the efficacy of MJCPD on IS was estimated using the neurological deficit score, TTC, HE, and IHC staining, and neurochemical measurements. Secondly, an UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS-based nontargeted metabolomics was developed to elucidate the characteristic metabolites. MJCPD groups showed significant improvements in the neurological score, infarction volume, and histomorphology, and the changes of GSH, GSSG, GSH-PX, GSSG/GSH, LDH, L-LA, IL-6, TNF-α, and VEGF-c were also reversed to normal levels after the intervention compared to the MCAO model group. Metabolomics profiling identified 21 different metabolites in the model group vs. the sham group, 10 of which were significantly recovered after treatment of MJCPD, and those 10 metabolites were all related to the oxidative stress process including glucose, fatty acid, amino acid, glutamine, and phospholipid metabolisms. Therefore, MJCPD might protect against IS by inhibiting oxidative stress during IR.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(18): e29074, 2022 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550459

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There are still controversies about the optimal anesthesia protocol for patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) undergoing mechanical thrombectomy (MT). The aim of this study was to explore the effect of supraglottic airway device (SAD) versus endotracheal intubation (EI) general anesthesia on clinical and angiographic outcomes in patients with AIS undergoing MT. METHODS: One hundred sixteen patients with large-vessel occlusion stroke were randomized to receive either SAD or EI general anesthesia. The primary outcome was the rate of occurrence of >20% fall in mean arterial pressure (MAP). Secondary outcomes included hemodynamics, successful recanalization, time metrics, satisfaction score of neurointerventionalist, number of passes performed, the conversion rate from SAD to EI, the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, and Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score before and 24 hours after surgery, length of stay in the stroke unit and hospital, complications and functional independence at discharge, and 90 days after stroke. RESULTS: Both the lowest systolic blood pressure and lowest diastolic blood pressure were significantly lower in the EI group (P = .001). The consumption of vasoactive agents, the occurrence of >20% reduction in MAP and time spent with >20% fall in MAP were significantly higher in the EI group (P < .05). Compared with the EI group, the time for door-to-puncture was significantly shorter in the SAD group (P = .015). There were no significant differences with respect to puncture-to-reperfusion time, number of passes performed, rates of successful recanalization, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, and Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score 24 hours after surgery. The satisfaction score of neurointerventionalist was significantly lower in the EI group (P = .043). Conversion rate from SAD to EI was 7.41%. There were no significant differences with respect to complications, mortality, and mean Modified Rankin Scale scores both at discharge and 90-day after stroke. However, length of stroke unit and hospital stays were significantly shorter in the SAD group (P < .05). CONCLUSION: AIS patients undergoing MT with SAD general anesthesia led to more stable hemodynamics, higher satisfaction score of neurointerventionalist, shorter door-to-puncture time, length of stroke unit, and hospital stay. However, there were no significant differences between the 2 groups on the angiographic and functional outcomes both at discharge and 90 days after stroke.

5.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7903, 2022 May 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35551260

RESUMEN

Instability failure in rock mass engineering is closely related to expansion of joint fissures. In this study, uniaxial compression tests and acoustic emission (AE) measurements were carried out simultaneously on specimens of soft rock-like material with different fracture angles and connectivity values to better understand their influence on the deformation and failure of the material. The stress-strain curve and AE signal of fractured soft rock-like material are similar to those of intact soft rock-like; specifically, they exhibit a compaction, elastic deformation, stable fracture development, and unstable fracture development. The main differences between fractured and intact material occur during post-peak failure stage. Under the combined influence of fracture angle and connectivity, the uniaxial compressive strength of fractured soft rock-like material ([Formula: see text]) is lower than that of the intact soft rock-like material (fcu), and can be described by the relationship [Formula: see text], where [Formula: see text] is the strength reduction coefficient, fitted as [Formula: see text]. In this equation, x is the fracture angle ([Formula: see text]) and y is the fracture connectivity (%). Under uniaxial compression, the main types of secondary cracks were wing cracks and secondary coplanar cracks. The specimen with a fracture angle of 30° mainly underwent tensile failure under loading, whereas those with fracture angles of 45° and 60°mainly experienced shear failure under high-connectivity conditions (45%).

6.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-6, 2022 May 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35575292

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim of this work was to develop a table-top exercise (TTX) program for mass-casualty incident (MCI) response based on a real incident to evaluate the program. METHODS: The TTX program was developed based on the 8 TTX design steps. Convenience sampling was adopted to recruit recently graduated physicians in China. After the TTX training, the participants completed a self-designed questionnaire, as well as the Simulation Design Scale (SDS) and Educational Practices in Simulation Scale (EPSS). RESULTS: In total, 148 valid questionnaires were collected. The difficulty score of the TTX program was 3.69 ± 0.8. The participants evaluated the program highly, with a score of 4.72 ± 0.54 out of 5. Both the SDS and the EPSS had average scores higher than 4.5. Guided reflection/feedback (M = 4.68, SD = 0.41) and fidelity (M =4.66, SD = 0.57) were the 2 highest-rated SDS subscales. For the EPSS, diverse ways of learning and collaboration were the 2 highest-rated subscales. Multivariate stepwise regression analysis showed that the participants' evaluations of the TTX training course were related to the EPSS score, the difficulty rating, the evaluation of the instructional props, and the degree of participant involvement (F = 24.385, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: A TTX program for MCIs was developed based on the 2014 Shanghai New Year Crush. The TTX kit is practical and sophisticated, and it provides an effective strategy for MCI training.

7.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(4): 988-994, 2022 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543051

RESUMEN

We examined the effects of different regulation measures (spring rest grazing, spring rest grazing-cutting turf, spring rest grazing-cutting turf-fertilization, spring rest grazing-cutting turf-sowing, spring rest grazing-cutting turf-fertilization-sowing) on vegetation, soil physical and chemical properties, and soil microbial biomass in mode-rately degraded alpine meadow in Qilian Mountain. The results showed that all the regulation measures significantly increased plant coverage and aboveground and underground biomass of degraded alpine meadows. Plant species richness increased significantly under the two measures of spring rest grazing-cutting turf-fertilization and spring rest grazing-cutting turf-fertilization-sowing. The dominant species of spring rest grazing-cutting turf-sowing and spring rest grazing-cutting turf-fertilization-sowing was Poa pratensis cv. Qinghai. Soil pH and bulk density in moderately degraded alpine meadow (control) were significantly higher than those of all regulation measures. Soil water content, soil organic carbon, total nitrogen and total potassium, carbon-nitrogen ratio and nitrogen-phosphorus ratio of spring rest grazing-cutting turf-fertilization-sowing measures were the highest, which were 21.3%, 22.30 g·kg-1, 2.77 g·kg-1, 19.93 g·kg-1, 8.3 and 3.5, respectively. Soil microbial biomass nitrogen and phosphorus (104.98 and 40.74 mg·kg-1) of degraded meadows under spring rest grazing-cutting turf-fertilization-sowing measures were significantly higher than those of other measures, while soil microbial biomass carbon (240.72 mg·kg-1) of degraded meadows under spring rest grazing-cutting turf-fertilization measures was significantly higher than that of other measures. The results of radar map showed that the regulation measures affected the characteristics of degra-ded meadow vegetation (aboveground and underground biomass), soil physical and chemical properties (water content, organic carbon, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, and total potassium) and soil microbial biomass (carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus). Spring rest grazing-cutting turf-fertilization-sowing measures had the best performance in restoraing degraded meadows in the study area.


Asunto(s)
Pradera , Suelo , Biomasa , Carbono/análisis , China , Nitrógeno/análisis , Fósforo/química , Plantas , Potasio , Suelo/química , Agua
8.
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol ; : e12966, 2022 May 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567783

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Complete right bundle branch block (CRBBB) is an important predictor of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after pulmonary vein isolation. However, the association between CRBBB and AF development remains unclear. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 2639 patients (male, n = 1549; female, n = 1090; mean age, 58 ± 13 years). CRBBB was defined as a late R (R') wave in lead V1 or V2 with a slurred S wave in lead I and/or lead V6 with a prolonged QRS duration (≥120 ms). RESULTS: Among the 2639 patients, CRBBB was detected in 40 patients (1.5%), and the prevalence of AF was 7.4% (196/2639). The proportion of patients with AF and CRBBB was higher than the proportion of patients with AF without CRBBB (22.5% vs. 7.2%; p = 0.001). In the forward multivariate logistic analysis, CRBBB (odds ratio [OR], 3.329; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.350-8.211; p = 0.009), complete left bundle branch block (OR, 2.209; 95% CI, 1.238-3.940; p = 0.007), age (OR, 1.020; 95% CI, 1.005-1.035; p = 0.009), valvular heart disease (OR, 2.332; 95% CI, 1.531-3.552; p < 0.001), left atrial diameter (OR, 1.133; 95% CI, 1.104-1.163; p < 0.001), left ventricular ejection fraction (OR, 1.023; 95% CI, 1.006-1.041; p = 0.007), and class I or III anti-arrhythmic drug use (OR, 10.534; 95% CI, 7.090-15.651; p < 0.001) were associated with AF. CONCLUSION: Complete right bundle branch block was significantly associated with AF development in hospitalized patients with cardiovascular diseases.

9.
Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging ; 323: 111485, 2022 Apr 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567906

RESUMEN

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common anxiety disorder in childhood and adolescence. Studies on SAD in adults have reported both structural and functional aberrancies of the brain at the group level. However, evidence has shown differences in anxiety-related brain abnormalities between adolescents and adults. Since children and adolescents can afford limited scan time, optimizing the scan tasks is essential for SAD research in children and adolescents. Thus, we need to address whether brain structure, resting-state fMRI, and naturalistic imaging enable individualized identification of SAD in children and adolescents, which measurement is more effective, and whether pooling multi-modal features can improve the identification of SAD. We comprehensively addressed these questions by building machine learning models based on parcel-wise brain features. We found that naturalistic fMRI yielded higher classification accuracy (69.17%) than the other modalities and the classification performance showed dependence on the contents of the movie. The classification models also identified contributing brain regions, some of which exhibited correlations with the symptoms scores of SAD. However, pooling brain features from the three modalities did not help enhance the classification accuracy. These results support the application of carefully designed naturalistic imaging in recognizing children and adolescents at risk of SAD.

10.
Clin Transl Med ; 12(4): e691, 2022 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35474446

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Gastric carcinoma (GC) is one of the most deadly diseases due to tumour metastasis and resistance to therapy. Understanding the molecular mechanism of tumour progression and drug resistance will improve therapeutic efficacy and develop novel intervention strategies. METHODS: Differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in clinical specimens were identified by LncRNA microarrays and validated in different clinical cohorts by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), in situ hybridisation and bioinformatics analysis. Biological functions of lncRNA were investigated by using cell proliferation assays, migration assays, xenograft tumour models and bioinformatics analysis. Effects of lncSLCO1C1 on GC cell survival were assessed by comet assays and immunofluorescence assays. Underlying molecular mechanisms were further explored by using a number of technologies including RNA pull-down, mass spectrometry analysis, RNA immunoprecipitation, co-immunoprecipitation, miRNA sequencing, luciferase reporter assays and molecular modelling. RESULTS: LncSLCO1C1 was highly upregulated in GC tissue samples and associated with GC patients' poor overall survival. Overexpression of lncSLCO1C1 promoted proliferation and migration, whereas decreased lncSLCO1C1 expression produced the opposite effects. lncSLCO1C1 also mediated tumour resistance to chemotherapy with oxaliplatin by reducing DNA damage and increasing cell proliferation. Despite sequence overlapping between lncSLCO1C1 and PDE3A, alternations of PDE3A expression had no effect on the GC cell progression, indicating that lncSLCO1C1, not PDE3A, related with the progression of GC cells. Mechanistically, lncSLCO1C1 serves as a scaffold for the structure-specific recognition protein 1 (SSRP1)/H2A/H2B complex and regulates the function of SSRP1 in reducing DNA damage. Meanwhile, lncSLCO1C1 functions as a sponge to adsorb miR-204-5p and miR-211-5p that target SSRP1 mRNA, and thus increases SSRP1 expression. Patients with high expressions of both lncSLCO1C1 and SSRP1 have poor overall survival, highlighting the role of lncSLCO1C1 in GC progression. CONCLUSIONS: LncSLCO1C1 promotes GC progression by enhancing cell growth and preventing DNA damage via interacting and scaffolding the SSRP1/H2A/H2b complex and absorbing both miR-211-5p and miR-204-5p to increase SSRP1 expression.


Asunto(s)
MicroARNs , ARN Largo no Codificante , Neoplasias Gástricas , Proteínas de Unión al ADN/genética , Proteínas de Unión al ADN/metabolismo , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Proteínas del Grupo de Alta Movilidad/genética , Proteínas del Grupo de Alta Movilidad/metabolismo , Humanos , MicroARNs/genética , MicroARNs/metabolismo , Transportadores de Anión Orgánico , Oxaliplatino/farmacología , ARN Largo no Codificante/genética , ARN Largo no Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Factores de Elongación Transcripcional/genética , Factores de Elongación Transcripcional/metabolismo
11.
Adv Mater ; : e2201451, 2022 Apr 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35476756

RESUMEN

Nickel oxide (NiOx ) is an attractive hole-transport material for efficient and stable p-i-n metal-halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs). However, an undesirable redox reaction occurs at the NiOx /perovskite interface, which results in a low open-circuit voltage (VOC ), instability, and phase separation of the NiOx -based wide-bandgap perovskite (Br>20%). In order to simultaneously address the abovementioned phase separation problem and redox chemistry at the perovskite/NiOx interface, we widened the bandgap from 1.64 to 1.67 eV by adding inorganic CsPbCl3 -clusters (3 mol%) to the Cs22 Br15 perovskite precursor solution. Moreover, adding extra 2 mol% CsCl enriched the NiOx /perovskite interface with Cl, thereby preventing the redox reaction at the interface, while controlling the Br content to within 15% improved the photostability of the wide-bandgap perovskite. Consequently, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of a single-junction p-i-n PSC increased from 17.82% to 19.76%, which led to the fabrication of highly efficient monolithic p-i-n type NiOx -based perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells with PCEs of up to 27.26% (certified PCE: 27.15%). We also applied the perovskite to an n-i-p type perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell to deliver a VOC of 1.93 V and a final efficiency of 25.5%. These findings provide critical insight into the fabrication of highly efficient and stable wide-bandgap perovskites. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

12.
Small ; 18(19): e2201139, 2022 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35388966

RESUMEN

Graphene-supported single-atom catalysts (SACs) are promising alternatives to precious metals for catalyzing the technologically important hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), but their performances are limited by the low intrinsic activity and insufficient mass transport. Herein, a highly HER-active graphene-supported Co-N-C SAC is reported with unique design features in the morphology of the substrate and the microenvironment of the single metal sites: i) the crumpled and scrolled morphology of the graphene substrate circumvents the issues encountered by stacked nanoplatelets, resulting in improved exposure of the electrode/electrolyte interfaces (≈10 times enhancement); ii) the in-plane holes in graphene preferentially orientate the Co atoms at the edge sites with low-coordinated Co-N3 configuration that exhibits enhanced intrinsic activity (≈2.6 times enhancement compared to the conventional Co-N4 moiety), as evidenced by detailed experiments and density functional theory calculations. As a result, this catalyst exhibits significantly improved HER activity with an overpotential (η) of merely 82 mV at 10 mA cm-2 , a small Tafel slope of 59.0 mV dec-1 and a turnover frequency of 0.81 s-1 at η = 100 mV, ranking it among the best Co-N-C SACs.

13.
Front Chem ; 10: 866369, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464221

RESUMEN

α-Fe2O3 has high potential energy storage capacity and can serve as a green and low-cost anode material for lithium-ion batteries. However, α-Fe2O3 suffers large volume expansion and pulverization. Based on DFT calculations, TiO2 can effectively maintain the integrity of the crystal structure during the discharge/charge process. Well-defined cubic α-Fe2O3 is coated with a TiO2 layer using the hydrothermal method with the assistance of oxalic acid surface treatment, and then α-Fe2O3@TiO2 with tunable buffer chambers is obtained by altering the hydrochloric acid etching time. With the joint efforts of the buffer chamber and the robust structure of the TiO2 layer, α-Fe2O3@TiO2 alleviates the expansion of α-Fe2O3 during the discharge/charge process. The optimized sample (FT-1h) achieves good cycling performance. The reversible specific capacity remains at 893.7 mA h g-1, and the Coulombic efficiency still reaches up to 98.47% after 150 cycles at a current density of 100 mA g-1. Furthermore, the reversible specific capacity can return to 555.5 mA h g-1 at 100 mA g-1 after cycling at a high current density. Hence, the buffer chamber and the robust TiO2 layer can effectively improve the cycling stability and rate performance of α-Fe2O3.

14.
Front Nutr ; 9: 851761, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35399654

RESUMEN

Heat cooking of meat gives it a specific taste and flavor which are favored by many consumers. While the characteristic taste components of chicken, duck, pig, and seafood have been studied, there is a lack of information about the molecular components that give donkey meat its unique taste. Here, the characterization profiles of raw donkey meat (RDM) and cooked donkey meat (CDM) meat by metabonomics and lipidomics. The results showed that a total of 186 metabolites belonging to 8 subclasses were identified in CDM and RDM, including carbohydrates (27.42%), amino acids (17.20%), lipids (13.44%), and nucleotides (9.14%). In total, 37 differential metabolites were identified between CDM and RDM. Among these, maltotriose, L-glutamate, and L-proline might predominantly contribute to the unique umami and sweet taste of donkey meat. Comprehensive biomarker screening detected 9 potential metabolite markers for the discrimination among RDM and CDM, including L-glutamate, gamma-aminobutyric acid, and butane-1, 2, 3, 4-tetrol. Moreover, a total of 992 and 1,022 lipids belonging to 12 subclasses were identified in RDM and CDM, respectively, mainly including triglycerides (TGs) and glycerophospholipids (GPs). Of these lipids, 116 were significantly different between CDM and RDM. The abundances of 61 TGs rich in saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids were retained in CDM, whereas the abundances of 37 GPs rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids were reduced, suggesting that TGs and GPs might be the predominant lipids for binding and generating aroma compounds, respectively. A total of 13 lipids were determined as potential markers for the discrimination among RDM and CDM, including PC(O-16:2/2:0), LPE(22:5/0:0), and PC(P-16:0/2:0). In conclusion, this study provided useful information about the metabolic and lipid profiles of donkey meat which may explain its unique taste and flavor, which could serve as a basis for the development and quality control of donkey meat and its products.

15.
Biomed Opt Express ; 13(3): 1551-1563, 2022 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35414983

RESUMEN

Memory shortness, verbal influence, and disturbed attention are a few of the cognitive dysfunctions reported by individuals of bipolar disorder in depression phase (BD-D). As neuroimaging modalities can investigate such responses, therefore neuroimaging methods can be used to assist the diagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD). Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a neural imaging method that is proved to be prominent in the diagnosis of psychiatric disorders. It is the desired method because of its feasible setup, high resolution in time, and its partial resistance to head movements. This study aims to investigate the brain activity in subjects of BD-D during cognitive tasks compared to the healthy controls. A decreased activation level is expected in individuals of BD-D as compared to the healthy controls. This study aims to find new methods and experimental paradigms to assist in the diagnosis of bipolar depression. Participants of BD-D and healthy controls (HC) performed four cognitive tasks including verbal fluency task (VFT), symbol working memory task (symbol check), attention task (spotter) and multiple cognitive task (code break). fNIRS was used to measure levels of oxy-hemoglobin (HbO) representing the brain activity. The generalized linear model (GLM) method was used to estimate the hemodynamic response related to the task. The wavelet transform coherence (WTC) method was used to calculate the intra-hemispheric functional connectivity. We also analyzed the correlation between hemodynamic response and scores of psychiatric disorders. Results showed decreased levels of HbO in BD-D groups compared to the HC, indicating lower activity, during the tasks except for spotter. The difference between BD-D and HC was significant during VFT, symbol check and code break. Group difference during symbol working memory was significant both in brain activity and connectivity. Meanwhile, the individual brain activity during working memory is more related to the illness degree. Lower activity in BD-D reflects unspecific dysfunctions. Compared with other cognitive tasks, the single-trial symbol-check task may be more suitable to help the diagnosis of bipolar depression.

16.
Int Ophthalmol ; 2022 Apr 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35419635

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical features and surgical outcomes in infants with glaucoma secondary to a special anterior-anterior type of persistent fetal vasculature (AAPFV). METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed the medical records of infants who underwent of the synechialysis, pupilloplasty, with or without lensectomy and limbal vitrectomy due to AAPFV and with at least 6 months of postoperative follow-up. RESULTS: Eleven patients were included. The median age at surgery was 4.0 months (interquartile range: 7 months). The mean follow-up was 21.0 ± 11.3 months. All patients achieved a normal anterior chamber, improved pupillary configuration, and normal intraocular pressure (IOP), except one that developed phthisis bulbi at the last visit. A total of 81.8% (9/11) eyes exhibited improved corneal transparency. Histopathologic findings of four pupillary membranous specimens under light microscopy showed similar components compared with PFV. Two eyes developed postoperative complications, including retinal detachment and hyphema, requiring additional surgeries. Postoperative visual acuity changed from no light perception to light perception in 6/9 patients. CONCLUSIONS: AAPFV is a special type of PFV with a potential for secondary glaucoma. Surgery treatment may offer better vision with improved cosmetic outcomes and a better controlled IOP. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was approved by the local institutional review board (IRB) (Approval No. XHEC-D-2021-043, Ethical Committee of Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China).

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(15): 17520-17530, 2022 Apr 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35394747

RESUMEN

Rational design, controllable synthesis, and an in-depth mechanism study of Cu-based bifunctional semiconductor heterostructures toward overall water splitting (OWS) are imperative but still face challenges. Herein, n-type iron oxide and p-type nickel phosphide and cobalt phosphide are respectively coupled with p-type cuprous phosphide nanowires on Cu foams via a general growth-phosphorization strategy. These self-supported semiconductor heterojunctions with different built-in potentials (EBI) are used as binder-free electrodes for OWS and exhibit significantly improved electrocatalytic activities compared to their counterparts. Among them, the heterostructure with the largest EBI of 1.57 V attains the smallest overpotential of 97 mV at 10 mA cm-2 for the hydrogen evolution reaction and 243 mV at 50 mA cm-2 for the oxygen evolution reaction in 1 M KOH. The corresponding two-electrode electrolyzer requires a cell voltage of 1.685 V at 50 mA cm-2 and shows admirable long-term stability at 100 mA cm-2 with a Faraday efficiency of around 98%. These promoted electrocatalytic performances originate from the enhanced active site, accelerated charge transfer, enlarged electrochemical active surface area, and synergy between different components at the heterointerface. This work represents a promising avenue to construct cost-efficient semiconductor heterostructures as bifunctional electrocatalysts applied to the sustainable energy industry.

18.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; : e0005022, 2022 Apr 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442079

RESUMEN

The halotolerant and osmotolerant yeast Zygosaccharomyces rouxii can produce multiple volatile compounds and has the ability to grow on lignocellulosic hydrolysates. We report the annotated genome sequence of Z. rouxii NRRL Y-64007 to support its development as a platform organism for biofuel and bioproduct production.

19.
Nano Lett ; 22(8): 3266-3274, 2022 Apr 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35416042

RESUMEN

As a novel energy harvesting method, generating electricity from the interaction of liquid-solid interface has attracted growing interest. Although several functional materials have been carried out to improve the performance of the flow-induced hydrovoltaic generators, there are few reports on influencing the droplet flow behavior to excavate its electricity generation by governing the device structure. Here, the output performance of the graphene microfluidic channel (GMC) structure is ∼13 times higher than that of the flat-open space graphene morphology. The strong slip flow and high surface charge density near the graphene-droplet interface originate from the GMC structure, which produces an effective liquid-solid interaction and rapid relative movement of the droplet. Additionally, based on the GMC structure a self-powered pressure sensor is designed. The droplet motion is regulated by external forces to generate specific voltages, which provide a new approach for the development of wearable self-powered electronics.


Asunto(s)
Grafito , Suministros de Energía Eléctrica , Electricidad , Electrónica , Microfluídica
20.
iScience ; 25(4): 104103, 2022 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35378861

RESUMEN

The thermal stability of the catalysts is of particular importance but still a big challenge for working under harsh conditions at high temperature. In this study, we report a strategy to improve the thermal stability of the ceria-based catalyst via introducing Sn. XRD, Rietveld refinement, and other characterizations results indicated that the formation of Sn-Co solid solution plays a key role in the thermal stability of the catalyst. The developed ternary 3%Co/Ce0.5Sn0.5O2 catalyst not only exhibits outstanding thermal stability and resistance to SO2 and H2O for soot oxidation from diesel vehicle exhaust but also remains extraordinary thermal stability for CO oxidation. Remarkably, even after thermal aging at 1000°C, it still possessed high catalytic activity similar to that of the fresh catalyst.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...