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1.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 20: 1-12, 2020 Feb 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145676

RESUMEN

N6-Methyladenosine (m6A) is the most common internal modification of eukaryotic messenger RNA (mRNA) that occurred on the N6 nitrogen of adenosine. However, the roles of m6A in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) are still elusive. Here, we investigate the function and mechanism of methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) in OSCC tumorigenesis. Clinically, METTL3 was significantly upregulated in tissue samples and correlated with the poor prognosis of OSCC patients. Functionally, loss and gain studies illustrated that METTL3 promoted the proliferation, invasion, and migration of OSCC cells in vitro, and METTL3 knockdown inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, methylated RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (MeRIP-seq) illustrated that METTL3 targeted the 3' UTR (near to stop codon) of the c-Myc transcript to install the m6A modification, thereby enhancing its stability. Furthermore, results revealed that YTH N6-methyladenosine RNA binding protein 1 (YTH domain family, member 1 [YTHDF1]) mediated the m6A-increased stability of c-Myc mRNA catalyzed by METTL3. In conclusion, our findings herein identify that METTL3 accelerates the c-Myc stability via YTHDF1-mediated m6A modification, thereby giving rise to OSCC tumorigenesis.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(5)2020 Mar 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155799

RESUMEN

The dietary effect on gut health has long been recognized through the empirical practice of soothing gastric discomfort with certain types of food, and recently the correlation between specific diets with lower incidences of several gastrointestinal diseases has been revealed. Ingredients from those considered beneficial foods have been isolated and studied, and some of them have already been put into the supplement market. In this review, we focus on latest studies of these food-derived ingredients for their proposed preventive and therapeutic roles in gastrointestinal disorders, with the attempt of drawing evidence-based suggestions on consuming these products.

3.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 1469-1480, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32184599

RESUMEN

Purpose: In spite of its enhanced efficacy and reduced side effects in clinical hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) therapy, the therapeutic efficacy of antitumor angiogenesis inhibitor sorafenib (SFB) is still restricted due to short in vivo half-life and drug resistance. Here, a novel SFB-loaded dendritic polymeric nanoparticle (NP-TPGS-SFB) was developed for enhanced therapy of HCC. Methods: NP-TPGS-SFB was fabricated by encapsulating SFB with biodegradable dendritic polymers poly(amidoamine)-poly(γ-benzyl-L-Glutamate)-b-D-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (PAM-PBLG-b-TPGS). Results: NP-TPGS-SFB exhibited excellent stability and achieved acid-responsive release of SFB. It also exhibited much higher cellular uptake efficiency in HepG2 human liver cells than PEG-conjugated NP (NP-PEG-SFB). Furthermore, MTT assay confirmed that NP-TPGS-SFB induced higher cytotoxicity than NP-PEG-SFB and free SFB, respectively. Lastly, NP-TPGS-SFB significantly inhibited tumor growth in mice bearing HepG2 xenografts, with negligible side effects. Conclusion: Our result suggests that NP-TPGS-SFB may be a novel approach for enhanced therapy of HCC with promising potential.

4.
Physiol Rep ; 8(5): e14387, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32170842

RESUMEN

Obeticholic acid (OCA) activates the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) to lower circulating total cholesterol (TC) and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) concentrations and to stimulate fecal cholesterol excretion in mice by increasing hepatic SR-B1 expression. Here we show that hepatic SR-B1 depletion by an adenovirus expressing Sr-b1 shRNA (Ad-shSR-B1) attenuated these beneficial effects of OCA in mice on a chow diet. The mRNA levels of ABC cholesterol transporter genes (Abca1, Abcg1, Abcg5, and Abcg8) were unchanged in the liver of hepatic SR-B1-depleted mice regardless of OCA treatment; however, a modest increase in Abca1, Abcg5, and Abcg8 mRNA levels was observed in the ileum of vehicle-treated control mice and Abca1 and Abcg8 mRNA levels were increased more by OCA administration. OCA treatment of Sr-b1 knock out (KO) mice (Sr-b1-/-) fed a normal chow diet (NCD) displayed a similar lack of transhepatic cholesterol movement, as well as a modest increase in the levels of ileum cholesterol transporter expression. However, OCA treatment of Sr-b1 KO mice fed a cholesterol-enriched diet reduced circulating cholesterol and increased fecal cholesterol output to comparable degrees to that of wild-type (WT) mice, and these effects were accompanied by substantial elevations of mRNA levels of Abca1, Abcg1, Abcg5, and Abcg8 in the ileum of Sr-b1 KO mice. Our studies suggest that FXR activation stimulates intestinal cholesterol excretion and reduces diet-induced hyperlipidemia through increased expression of ileal cholesterol transporters when hepatic SR-B1-mediated cholesterol movement is absent.

5.
Mol Pharm ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32119557

RESUMEN

Coamorphous drug formulations are a promising approach to improve solubility and bioavailability of poorly water-soluble drugs. On the basis of theoretical assumptions involving molecular interactions, the 1:1 molar ratio of drug and coformer is frequently used as "the optimal ratio" for a homogeneous coamorphous system (i.e., the coamorphous system with the highest physical stability and, if strong interaction is possible between two molecules, the highest glass transition temperature (Tg)). In order to more closely investigate this assumption, l-aspartic acid (ASP) and l-glutamic acid (GLU) were investigated as coformers for the basic drug carvedilol (CAR) at varying molar ratios. Salt formation between CAR with ASP or GLU was expected to occur at the molar 1:1 ratio based on their chemical structures. Interestingly, the largest deviation between the experimental Tg and the theoretical Tg based on the Gordon-Taylor equation was observed at a molar ratio of around 1:1.5 in CAR-ASP and CAR-GLU systems. In order to determine the exact value of the ratio with the highest Tg, a data fitting approach was established on thermometric data of various CAR-ASP and CAR-GLU systems. The highest Tg was found to be at CAR-ASP 1:1.46 and CAR-GLU 1:1.43 mathematically. Spectroscopic investigations and physical stability measurements further confirmed that the optimal molar ratio for obtaining a homogeneous system and the highest stability can be found at a molar ratio around 1:1.5. Overall, this study developed a novel approach to determine the optimal ratio between drug and coformers and revealed the influence of varying molar ratios on molecular interactions and physical stability in coamorphous systems.

6.
Scand J Immunol ; : e12875, 2020 Feb 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32090366

RESUMEN

In recent years, relying on the human immune system to kill tumour cells has become an effective means of cancer treatment. The development of peptide vaccines, which not only break the immune tolerance of a tumour but also attack malignant cells via specific antitumour immunity, has received increased attention in tumour immunization therapy due to their safety and easy preparation. The use of large-scale sequencing technology enables the continuous discovery of new tumour antigens. With improved accuracy of epitope prediction by computer simulation and the usage of a tetramer assay, cytotoxic lymphocyte epitopes can be screened and identified more easily. Transmembrane peptide and nanoparticle technologies promote more effective intake and delivery of antigens. Consequently, considerable evolution from universal to personalized peptide vaccines has taken place, and such vaccines induce an efficient and specific immune response targeting tumour neoantigens. Recently, genomic analysis and bioinformatics approaches have greatly facilitated the breakthrough of personalized peptide vaccines targeting neoantigens, resulting in a renewed interest in this field. Further, the combination of tumour peptide vaccines with checkpoint blockades may improve patient outcomes. In this review, we discuss the development of tumour peptide vaccines and the new technological progress, from universalization to personalization, to highlight the substantial promise of tumour peptide vaccines in clinical cancer immunotherapy.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18727, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914089

RESUMEN

The current study aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) and to explore the risk factors of critical patients. From 2016 to 2018, we collected the hospitalized diagnosed cases with SFTS in Jinan infectious disease hospital of Shandong University and analyzed by the descriptive epidemiological method. According to the prognosis, they were divided into general group and severe group. The epidemiological characteristics, clinical features, and laboratory indexes of these 2 groups of patients were compared and analyzed at the first visit. The risk factors related to the severity of the disease were analyzed by univariate Logistic regression. In total, 189 cases of SFTS were treated during the period and 33 deaths occurred in the severe group, with the fatality rate of 17.46%. The patients' age (χ = 8.864, P < .01), ALT (Z = -2.304, P = .03), AST (Z = -3.361, P < .01), GLU (t = -4.115, P < .01), CK (Z = -3.964, P < .01), CK-MB (Z = -2.225, P = .03), LDH (Z = -3.655, P < .01), α-HBDH (Z = -2.040, P = .04), APTT (t = -3.355, P < .01), BUN (Z = -2.040, P = .04), Cr (Z = -3.071, P = .01), and D-dimer (Z = -2.026, P = .04) in the severe group were higher than that in the normal group, but the blood platelet (PLT) counts were significantly lower (Z = -2.778, P < .01) than that in the normal group. With the neuropsychiatric symptoms (OR = 24.083, 95% CI = 6.064-95.642), skin bleeding point (OR = 30.000, 95% CI = 6.936-129.764), multiple organ dysfunction (OR = 34.048, 95% CI = 7.740-149.782), past medical history (OR = 3.792, 95% CI = 1.284-11.200), and fasting glucose elevation (OR = 1.359, 95% CI = 1.106-1.668) could predict the severity of the SFTS. In summary, the abnormality of the laboratory index, the special clinical manifestations, and the past medical history of SFTS patients were the important basis for judging the patient's serious condition.


Asunto(s)
Fiebre/epidemiología , Fiebre/fisiopatología , Trombocitopenia/epidemiología , Trombocitopenia/fisiopatología , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Glucemia , Comorbilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Insuficiencia Multiorgánica/epidemiología , Recuento de Plaquetas , Pronóstico , Factores de Riesgo , Estaciones del Año , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Trombocitopenia/mortalidad , Adulto Joven
8.
Theranostics ; 10(2): 516-536, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903135

RESUMEN

Background: The leading cause of poor prognosis in colorectal cancer (CRC) is the presence of colorectal cancer-initiating cells (CCICs). The interplay between the tumor microenvironment (TME) and CRC cells induces reacquisition of initiating cell characteristics, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Methods: Candidate molecules were screened by global differential cDNA expression profiles of CCICs, which were enriched from patient-derived tumor xenograft models. Luciferase reporters and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays were used to explore the mechanism of TME factors regulating the transcription of ANKRD22. The effects of Ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein 22 (ANKRD22) on energy metabolism were monitored by extracellular flux and 13C-based metabolic flux analysis. Mass spectrometry was used to identify the interacting partners of ANKRD22. Morphological changes of CCICs overexpressing ANKRD22 were observed by electron microscopy. The effects of ANKRD22 on mitochondrial lipid metabolism were analyzed by lipidomics. Results: We identified a novel nucleus-encoded mitochondrial membrane protein, ANKRD22, which was upregulated in CCICs. We found that ANKRD22 was induced by the p38/MAX pathway activated by different TME stimuli. As a key transcription factor, MAX promoted the transcription of ANKRD22. Expression of ANKRD22 promoted glycolysis associated with a decrease in ATP/ADP and an increase in AMP/ATP levels, which were related to its interaction with pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase isoform 1 (PDK1) and multiple subunits of ATP synthase. Further, in CCICs, ANKRD22 cooperated with the lipid transport protein, Extended Synaptotagmin-1 (E-Syt1), to transport excess lipids into mitochondria and reduced the number of mitochondria in an autophagy-independent manner, thus meeting the metabolic requirements of CCICs. Conclusion: ANKRD22 induced by TME promotes the metabolic reprogramming of CRC cells. Our study has identified ANKRD22/E-Syt1 as a potential target for eradicating CCICs.

9.
Anal Chem ; 92(1): 908-915, 2020 Jan 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769281

RESUMEN

Detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) produced by living cells is very significant to fully understand its roles in cellular physiology, as well as providing reliable diagnosis of pathological conditions. However, in situ detection of H2O2 released from adherent cells in cellular culture medium is still insufficiently achieved. Here, we report an electrochemical platform for in situ detection of H2O2 produced by adherent cells in cellular culture medium. It is based on the use of organic electrochemical transistor (OECT) fabricated on a flexible poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrate and Transwell support. A screen-printed carbon paste electrode was modified with carbon nanotubes and platinum nanoparticles and served as the gate of the device. Under optimal conditions, this device exhibits good modulation and sensitivity. It works in the 0.5 µM to 0.1 mM H2O2 concentration range and has a 0.2 µM detection limit. The cells were seeded and grew on the Transwell membrane. Upon being stimulated by N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine peptide, H2O2 produced by the adherent cells diffused into the bottom chamber of the Transwell and was in situ detected by OECT. Moreover, evaluating in vitro cytotoxicity of the nanomaterial using the OECT-Transwell platform was realized. This simple electrochemical platform would be of great interest for in vitro cytotoxicity, cellular physiology study, and diagnosis of pathological conditions.

10.
Cell Death Differ ; 27(3): 919-933, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570856

RESUMEN

Emerging evidences have suggested the vital roles of circular RNA (circRNA) in the human cancers. However, the underlying biological functions and biogenesis of circRNA in the oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is still ambiguous. Here, we investigate the oncogenic roles and biogenesis of the novel identified circRNA, circUHRF1 (hsa_circ_0002185), in the OSCC tumorigenesis. Results showed that circUHRF1 was markedly upregulated in the OSCC cells and tissue, besides, the overexpression was closely correlated with the poor prognosis of OSCC patients. Functionally, circUHRF1 promoted the proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial mesenchymal transformation (EMT) in vitro and the tumor growth in vivo. Mechanically, circUHRF1 acted as the sponge of miR-526b-5p, thereby positively regulating c-Myc. Transcription factor c-Myc could accelerate the transcription of TGF-ß1 and ESRP1. Moreover, splicing factor ESRP1 promoted the circularization and biogenesis of circUHRF1 by targeting the flanking introns, forming the circUHRF1/miR-526b-5p/c-Myc/TGF-ß1/ESRP1 feedback loop. In conclusion, our research identified the oncogenic roles of circUHRF1 in the OSCC tumorigenesis and EMT via circUHRF1/miR-526b-5p/c-Myc/TGF-ß1/ESRP1 feedback loop, shedding light on the pathogenic mechanism of circUHRF1 for OSCC and providing the potential therapeutic target.

11.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 113(2): 221-231, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535337

RESUMEN

An extremely halophilic archaeon, strain ZY21T, was isolated from a subterranean rock salt sample in Yunnan, China. Colonies of strain ZY21T on nutrient-rich agar plates are orange, wet and transparent. Cells are pleomorphic, motile, Gram-stain negative and lyse in distilled water. Cells can grow at 20-55 °C (optimum 42 °C), in the presence of 15-30% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 18-20%) and at pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum 7.5). Mg2+ is required for growth (optimum 0.3 M). The major polar lipids of strain ZY21T are phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate and phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, sulfated mannosyl-glucosyl-glycerol diether-1 and seven unidentified glycolipids. Sequence similarity searches with the 16S rRNA gene and rpoB' gene showed that strain ZY21T is closely related to Halobellus rufus CBA1103T (sequence similarities: 97.5% for 16S rRNA gene and 93.3% for rpoB' gene). The DNA G+C content of strain ZY21T was determined to be 63.0 mol% based on the draft genome sequence. Genome-based sequence similarity analysis showed that the values of the ANI, AAI, and DDH were far below the boundary for delineation of new species. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic characteristics and phylogenetic properties suggest that strain ZY21T represents a novel species in the genus Halobellus, for which the name Halobellus captivus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ZY21T (= CGMCC 1.16343T = NBRC 113439T).

12.
J Diabetes Sci Technol ; 14(2): 257-261, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30931609

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has numerous requirements for coverage of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII; insulin pump). Due to recent improvements in diabetes treatment, people with type 1 diabetes are living longer, resulting in an increase in the number of individuals who are eligible for Medicare and are impacted by CMS policies regarding CSII. METHODS: Two hundred forty-one adults with type 1 diabetes who had been on CSII with CMS coverage for at least 6 months were surveyed. Median age was 67 years, mean A1c was 7.0%, 64% were women, 93% were white, and the median type 1 diabetes duration was 42 years. Participants reported median CSII use of 15 years and 82% were on CSII before starting CMS. RESULTS: Of those starting CSII while on CMS, challenges included cost of supplies (29%) or the insulin pump (24%). The majority (57.5%) reported issues with obtaining supplies, the most common problems being delays in release of supplies (29%), difficulty getting paperwork completed (23.5%), and seeing a health care provider every 90 days (18%). Participants reported changing their CSII behaviors because of supply delays (39%) including leaving site in place >3 days (64%), and reusing pump supplies (34%). Consequently, participants reported adverse outcomes including more erratic (48%) or higher (42%) blood glucose and pain or irritation at sites (34%). CONCLUSION: This study concluded that current CMS CSII policies promote adverse CSII behaviors and outcomes in type 1 diabetes and thus call for changes in the CMS CSII policies.

13.
Chemistry ; 26(14): 3145-3151, 2020 Mar 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31886920

RESUMEN

Ongoing demand for accurate self-calibrated noninvasive thermometers for micro-/nano-scale applications, particular biomedical diagnosis, is driving the development of temperature sensors. Here a new type of lanthanide metal-organic framework having near-infrared absorption and near-infrared emission features is presented, and it is based on efficient Nd3+ -to-Yb3+ energy transfer in 808 nm photoexcitation. The results show that the ratiometric parameter of Nd0.5 Yb0.5 TPTC (TPTC= 1,1':4',1''-terphenyl]-3,3'',5,5''-tetracarboxylic acid) can deliver good exponential-type luminescence response to temperature in the physiological regime (293-328 K) with high relative sensitivity and accurate temperature resolution, as well as good biocompatibility and chemical stability. Such lanthanide-based materials are especially useful in biomedical applications.

14.
Pharmacol Res ; 152: 104550, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866285

RESUMEN

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common causes of cancer death worldwide. While standard chemotherapy and new targeted therapy have been improved recently, problems such as multidrug resistance (MDR) and severe side effects remain unresolved. RNAs are essential to all biological processes including cell proliferation and differentiation, cell cycle, apoptosis, activation of tumor suppressor genes, suppression of oncogenes. Therefore, there are various potential approaches to address genetic disease like CRC at the RNA level. In contrast to conventional treatments, RNA-based therapeutics such as RNA interference, antisense oligonucleotides, RNA aptamer, ribozymes, have the advantages of high specificity, high potency and low toxicity. It has gained more and more attention due to the flexibility in modulating a wide range of targets. Here, we highlight recent advances and clinical studies involving RNA-based therapeutics and CRC. We also discuss their advantages and limitations that remain to be overcome for the treatment of human CRC.

15.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 136: 111050, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843533

RESUMEN

The pickled radish can be kept at room temperature for years without spoilage. 2,6-dihydroxyacetophenone (DHAP), 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde (HBA), and 4-hydroxyphenethyl alcohol (4-HPEA) were first found from the pickled radish. The structures of three phenolic compounds were elucidated by analysis of their nuclear magnetic resonance and high-resolution electro-spray ionization mass spectrometry data. All these phenolic compounds showed good free radical scavenging capacity except HBA. Both DHAP and 4-HPEA also showed high ferric reducing ability. DHAP showed good antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, and Canidia albicans. HBA demonstrated antimicrobial activity against E. coli and C. albicans but not B. subtilis. Based on the results of MTT assay, these compounds did not show cytotoxicity to LO2 cell line. All results indicated the pickled radish had antioxidant and antimicrobial phenolic compounds. To the best of our knowledge, this report is the first to answer partially the question of why pickled foods can be kept at room temperature for years without spoilage based on the evidence of three phenolic compounds.

16.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 19: 405-412, 2019 Nov 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887551

RESUMEN

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most prevalent internal RNA modification, especially within eukaryotic messenger RNAs (mRNAs). m6A modifications of RNA regulate splicing, translocation, stability, and translation into proteins. m6A modifications are catalyzed by RNA methyltransferases, such as METTL3, METTL14, and WTAP (writers); the modifications are removed by the demethylases fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) and ALKBH5 (ALKB homolog 5) (erasers); and the modifications are recognized by m6A-binding proteins, such as YTHDF domain-containing proteins and IGF2BPs (readers). Abnormal changes in the m6A levels of these genes are closely related to tumor occurrence and development. In this paper, we review the role of m6A in human cancer and summarize its prospective applications in cancer.

17.
Cell Death Differ ; 2019 Dec 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31853006

RESUMEN

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

18.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2019 Dec 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841031

RESUMEN

Two new cephalochromin derivatives, prenylcephalochromin A (1), prenylcephalochromin B (2), along with cephalochromin (3) were isolated from the Alternaria sp. ZG22 obtained from a Dasymaschalon rostratum collected from the Hainan. The structures of two new compounds were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic methods. Compounds 1-3 showed α-glucosidase inhibitory activity.

19.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15641, 2019 Oct 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666640

RESUMEN

TRIB1 is a GWAS locus associated with plasma cholesterol and triglycerides (TG) levels. In mice, liver-specific overexpression of TRIB1 lowers plasma lipid levels. Berberine (BBR) is a natural lipid lowering drug that reduces plasma LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C), total cholesterol (TC) and TG in hyperlipidemic patients and in mice by mechanisms involving upregulation of hepatic LDL receptor (LDLR). Here, we demonstrated that BBR treatment reduced plasma LDL-C, TC and TG in LDLR wildtype (WT) mice fed a high fat and high cholesterol diet and it only lowered TG in LDLR WT mice fed a normal chow diet. In hypercholesterolemic LDLR deficient mice (Ldlr-/-), BBR treatment reduced plasma TG levels by 51% compared to the vehicle control without affecting plasma cholesterol levels. Hepatic gene expression analysis revealed that Trib1 mRNA levels were significantly elevated by BBR treatment in all three mouse models and increases of Trib1 mRNA expression were associated with reduced expression of lipogenic genes including Cebpa, Acc1 and Scd1. In vitro studies further demonstrate that BBR induces TRIB1 mRNA expression by a transcriptional mechanism via ERK signaling pathway. These new findings warrant future in vivo studies to determine the causal role of Trib1 in BBR-mediated TG lowering independent of LDLR regulation.

20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717742

RESUMEN

This study aimed to systematically review previous studies on the reliability and concurrent validity of the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). A systematic literature search was conducted (n = 26) using the online EBSCOHost databases, PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar up to September 2019. A previously developed coding sheet was used to collect the data. The Modified Quality Assessment Tool for Observational Cohort and Cross-Sectional Studies was employed to assess risk of bias and study quality. It was found that GPAQ was primarily revalidated in adult populations in Asian and European countries. The sample size ranged from 43 to 2657 with a wide age range (i.e., 15-79 years old). Different populations yielded inconsistent results concerning the reliability and validity of the GPAQ. Short term (i.e., one- to two-week interval) and long-term (i.e., two- to three-month apart) test-retest reliability was good to very good. The concurrent validity using accelerometers, pedometers, and physical activity (PA) log was poor to fair. The GPAQ data and accelerometer/pedometer/PA log data were not compared using the same measurements in some validation studies. Studies with more rigorous research designs are needed before any conclusions concerning the concurrent validity of GPAQ can be reached.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Humanos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
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