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Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19547, 2019 12 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862938


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of preventing mother to child syphilis transmission to improve pregnancy outcomes. We performed a retrospective analysis of municipal databases of mother-to-child syphilis transmission. Pregnant women with syphilis were included. Group specific pregnancy outcomes were analyzed according to treatment. A total of 28 pregnant women were diagnosed with syphilis in 2012; 321 were diagnosed with syphilis in 2018. A prevalence of 0.14% was observed amongst pregnant women in Suzhou city from 2012-2018. Primary treatments included benzathine penicillin, ceftriaxone sodium or erythromycin when patients were allergic to Benzathine penicillin. The treatment coverage was 81.57%, and only 52.86% of pregnant women were adequately treated. Adverse pregnant outcomes were higher amongst untreated women. Expanding early screening coverage and promoting treatment were key to improving pregnancy outcomes amongst women with syphilis.

Transmisión Vertical de Enfermedad Infecciosa/prevención & control , Sífilis/prevención & control , Sífilis/transmisión , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Ceftriaxona/uso terapéutico , Eritromicina/uso terapéutico , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Penicilina G Benzatina/uso terapéutico , Embarazo , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/prevención & control , Resultado del Embarazo , Atención Prenatal , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto Joven
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 18071, 2018 12 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30584264


The vertical transmission of HIV, from mother to child remains one of the biggest challenges all over the world. This study evaluated the implementation and effectiveness of the prevention of mother to child HIV transmission (PMTCT) program from 2011 to 2017 in Suzhou. A total of 107 HIV positive women were enrolled in the program, of which 11 were diagnosed through premarital examination, and 96 women were diagnosed through prenatal examination. Among the 96 pregnant women, 67 gave birth to 68 live neonates. Only one infant was diagnosed HIV infected because the HIV positive mother did not enter the PMTCT program until delivery. The HIV prevalence in Suzhou city showed a low-level tendency. To increase the prenatal health utility and antiretroviral medication compliance of the migrant population in Suzhou, there are improvements to make in order to achieve the 90-90-90 targets.

Infecciones por VIH/transmisión , Transmisión Vertical de Enfermedad Infecciosa/prevención & control , Servicios Preventivos de Salud , Adulto , China , Femenino , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Infecciones por VIH/prevención & control , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Masculino , Embarazo
J Diabetes Investig ; 7(4): 622-8, 2016 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27180921


AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Homocysteine levels during pregnancy in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have been studied; however, it remains unclear whether hyperhomocysteinemia is a useful predictor of insulin resistance. The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between homocysteine level and GDM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Elsevier, Web of Science and CNKI were searched for relevant studies published up to January 2015. Manual searches of references of the relevant original studies were carried out. Meta-analysis was used to assessed the relationship between homocysteine level and GDM using the stata 12.0 software. RESULTS: Homocysteine levels were significantly elevated in women with GDM compared with those without GDM (weighted mean difference 0.77, 95% confidence interval 0.44-1.10). This evidence was more consistent during the second trimester measurement of homocysteine (weighted mean difference 0.95, 95% confidence interval 0.67-1.23) and for women aged older than 30 years (weighted mean difference 0.90, 95% confidence interval 0.63-1.17). CONCLUSIONS: The present meta-analysis shows that homocysteine level is significantly elevated among women with GDM compared with women with normal glucose tolerance, and this finding persists more during the second trimester.

Diabetes Gestacional/sangre , Homocisteína/sangre , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Embarazo