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1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130605, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311239

RESUMEN

The Citrus genus is a good source of dietary flavonoids, which have many health benefits. As a representative citrus fruit, the flavonoids composition in Shatianyu (Citrus grandis L. Osbeck) pulp remains to be investigated. In the present study, 11 flavonoids were isolated and identified from Shatianyu pulp flavonoid extracts (SPFEs). Among them, 4 flavonoids were previously undescribed and 2 flavonoids were firstly isolated from pummelo. The cellular antioxidant activity (CAA) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) of isolated compounds were evaluated. Naringin and rhoifolin showed the highest ORAC activity, and the presence of a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl or a 4'-glucose decreased the ORAC activity of flavonoids. The contribution of isolated flavonoids to the holistic antioxidant activity of SPFEs was determined by an online knockout method. Melitidin, bergamjuicin and naringin contributed most to ORAC activity, while bergamjuicin, melitidin and apigenin-4'-O-ß-d-glucopyranosyl-7-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-[6″-O-(3- hydroxy-3-methylgltaryl)]-ß-d-glucopyranoside contributed most to CAA activity.


Asunto(s)
Citrus , Antioxidantes , Flavonoides , Extractos Vegetales , Polifenoles
2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114581, 2022 Jan 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464697

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The diterpenoids extracted from Euphorbia kansui S.L. Liou ex S.B.Ho, Euphorbia fischeriana Steud. have good antitumor effects. Jolkinolide B has anti-breast cancer effect, but it is unclear whether it has different therapeutic effects between luminal A subtype and luminal B subtype breast cancer. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study investigated the Jolkinolide B has different therapeutic, important targets and pathways effects between luminal A subtype and luminal B subtype breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used bioinformatics to predict the biological process and molecular mechanism of Jolkinolide B in treating two types of breast cancer. Then, in vitro, cultured MCF-7 cells and BT-474 cells were divided into control group, PI3K inhibitor + control group, Jolkinolide B group and PI3K inhibitor + Jolkinolide B group. The CCK-8 assay, Flow cytometric analysis and Transwell cell migration assay was used to detect the cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration in each group, respectively. ELISA was used to measure the content of Akt and phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) in cell lysis buffer. RESULTS: Compared to luminal A breast cancer, Jolkinolide B had more targets, proliferation, migration processes and KEGG pathways when treating luminal B subtype breast cancer. Jolkinolide B significantly prolonged the survival time of luminal B subtype breast cancer patients. Compared to the control group, the cell proliferation absorbance value (A value) and migration number of the two kinds of breast cancer cells in the Jolkinolide B group were decreased (P < 0.01, n = 6), and the number of apoptotic cells was increased (P < 0.01, n = 6). Compared to the Jolkinolide B group, the A value and migration number of the two types of breast cancer cells were significantly decreased in the PI3K inhibitor + Jolkinolide B group (P < 0.01, n = 6), and the number of apoptotic cells was significantly increased (P < 0.01, n = 6). In addition, compared to MCF-7 cells, the A value and migration number of BT-474 cells stimulated with Jolkinolide B were significantly decreased (P < 0.01, n = 6), and the number of apoptotic cells was significantly increased (P < 0.01, n = 6). Akt and p-Akt protein levels in the two breast cancer cell lines in the Jolkinolide B group were all decreased (P < 0.01, n = 6), especially in BT-474 cells stimulated by Jolkinolide B. CONCLUSION: Jolkinolide B regulates the luminal A and luminal B subtypes of breast cancer through PI3K-Akt, EGFR and other pathways. Jolkinolide B has more significant therapeutic effect on luminal B subtype breast cancer. In vitro, experiments verified that Jolkinolide B significantly inhibited the proliferation and migration activity of BT-474 breast cancer cells by downregulating the PI3K-Akt pathway.

3.
Behav Brain Res ; 416: 113540, 2022 Jan 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419513

RESUMEN

Dopamine (DA) transmission is important in the regulation of mood and anxiety behaviors. However, how specific dopaminergic signaling pathways respond to anxiogenic stimuli as well as regulate behaviors remains unknown. To understand how DA regulates the animal behaviors under anxiety we performed retrograde labeling and c-Fos staining of midbrain DA neurons. Our c-Fos labeling results showed that DA neurons projected to nucleus accumbens (NAc) are activated in animals treated with the elevated plus-maze (EPM). Real-time measurement of DA release using fast scanning cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) in NAc of freely behaving mice showed that increased DA release and more DA transients in the close arms than the open arms in the EPM. Meanwhile, we also observed a reduction of DA level from the close arms to the open arms. Local infusion of DA D1 receptor antagonist, SCH23390 in the core of NAc, leads to an anxiolytic-like effect in the open-field and EPM. These anxiolytic effects were not observed in animals received D2 receptor antagonist sulpiride infusion in the core of NAc. Taken together, our results reveal a novel function of the mesolimbic DA pathway through the D1 receptor in the regulation of anxiety-like behaviors.

4.
Adv Mater ; : e2105829, 2021 Oct 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599781

RESUMEN

Lightweight polymeric materials are highly attractive platforms for many potential industrial applications in aerospace, soft robots and biological engineering fields. For these real-world applications, it is vital for them to exhibit a desirable combination of great-toughness, large-ductility and high-strength together with good healability and biocompatibility. However, existing material design strategies usually fail to achieve such a performance portfolio due to their different and even mutually exclusive governing mechanisms. To overcome these hurdles, herein, for the first time we propose a dynamic hydrogen-bonded nanoconfinement concept and demonstrate the design of highly stretchable and supratough biocompatible poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) with well-dispersed dynamic nanoconfinement phases induced by hydrogen-bond (H-bond) crosslinking. Because of H-bond crosslinking and dynamic nanoconfinement, the as-prepared PVA nanocomposite film exhibits a world-record toughness of 425 ± 31 MJ m-3 in combination with a tensile strength of 98 MPa and a large break strain of 550%, representing the best of its kind and even outperforming most natural and artificial materials. In addition, the final polymer exhibits a good self-healing ability and biocompatibility. This work affords new opportunities for creating mechanically robust, healable and biocompatible polymeric materials, which hold great promise for applications, such as soft robots and artificial ligaments. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 2): 1730-1740, 2021 Sep 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598030

RESUMEN

A facile one-step method for synthesis of magnetic core-shell nanocomposite composed of h-Fe3O4 (hollow Fe3O4) core and stable PDA (polydopamine) shell with functional Ag NPs (silver nanoparticles) evenly distributed between them is developed. The h-Fe3O4@Ag/PDA nanocomposite showed excellent catalytic activity in the reaction for reducing azo dyes (methyl orange, methylene blue, and congo red), and the ratios of k values to the weight of h-Fe3O4@Ag/PDA were calculated to be 0.302, 0.0545, and 0.895 min-1 mg-1, respectively. Besides, the h-Fe3O4@Ag/PDA nanocomposite also exhibited good antibacterial activity in the experiment of culturing Bacillus subtilis, and the MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) was as low as 12.5 µg/mL. Because the Ag NPs will not be leached in the solution under the protection of the PDA shell, the catalytic and antibacterial activities of h-Fe3O4@Ag/PDA nanocomposite could maintain more than 90% after five cycles. Intriguingly, this simple synthetic method can be extended to fabricate different multifunctional nanocomposites such as the spherical SiO2@Ag/PDA and rod-like Fe2O3@Ag/PDA. Overall, the facile fabrication process, the superior catalytic and antibacterial activity, and the excellent stability, endow the h-Fe3O4@Ag/PDA to be a promising nanocomposite.

6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625979

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Rex rabbits are important fur rabbits. Heat stress severely reduces the fur quality of Rex rabbits. The aim of this study was to experimentally investigate the effect of dietary vitamin A (VA) addition on hair follicle development and related signal pathways in Rex rabbits under heat stress. RESULTS: In the experiment, 90 Rex rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: control group (20-25 °C, fed basic diet), heat stress group (30-34 °C, fed basic diet), and heat stress + VA group (20-25 °C, fed 12000 IU/kg VA in addition to the basic diet). VA could significantly increase the hair follicle density (P< 0.01), hair length (P < 0.05), and the ratio of secondary to primary hair follicles (P< 0.05). In addition, VA could significantly inhibit the expression of BMP2, BMP4, FGF5, TGF-ß1, and miR-214 in heat-stressed Rex rabbits and significantly increase the expression of noggin, IGF1, IGF1R, Wnt-10b, CTNNB1, SHH, and miR-203 and the levels of Wnt-10b and p-ß-catenin; however, there was no significant effect of VA on the expression of EGF and miR-205. CONCLUSION: The dietary addition of VA can increase the hair follicle density and fur quality of heat-stressed Rex rabbits. Wnt10/ß-catenin, IGF1, FGF5, Noggin-BMP, and SHH signaling were associated with VA regulation under heat stress. It is possible that mir-205 and mir-194 contribute to the regulation of Wnt10/ß-catenin and BMP signaling. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
Microbiome ; 9(1): 199, 2021 Oct 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615557

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Microbial communities in both natural and applied settings reliably carry out myriads of functions, yet how stable these taxonomically diverse assemblages can be and what causes them to transition between states remains poorly understood. We studied monthly activated sludge (AS) samples collected over 9 years from a full-scale wastewater treatment plant to answer how complex AS communities evolve in the long term and how the community functions change when there is a disturbance in operational parameters. RESULTS: Here, we show that a microbial community in activated sludge (AS) system fluctuated around a stable average for 3 years but was then abruptly pushed into an alternative stable state by a simple transient disturbance (bleaching). While the taxonomic composition rapidly turned into a new state following the disturbance, the metabolic profile of the community and system performance remained remarkably stable. A total of 920 metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs), representing approximately 70% of the community in the studied AS ecosystem, were recovered from the 97 monthly AS metagenomes. Comparative genomic analysis revealed an increased ability to aggregate in the cohorts of MAGs with correlated dynamics that are dominant after the bleaching event. Fine-scale analysis of dynamics also revealed cohorts that dominated during different periods and showed successional dynamics on seasonal and longer time scales due to temperature fluctuation and gradual changes in mean residence time in the reactor, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our work highlights that communities can assume different stable states under highly similar environmental conditions and that a specific disturbance threshold may lead to a rapid shift in community composition. Video Abstract.

8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606238

RESUMEN

Due to its outstanding heat transfer performance, flow boiling has a wide range of applications in many fields, especially for cooling of electronic devices. Previous studies have shown that the liquid replenishment on the downstream of the heating surface is the critical restriction of the increase of the critical heat flux (CHF). In this work, we designed a series of heterogeneous surfaces with fractal treelike hydrophilic networks for flow boiling enhancement. The micro-pin-finned surface structures are expected to increase the CHF and reduce the superheat by its high wickability. Moreover, by virtue of the efficient transport capacity of treelike networks, the fractal hydrophilic paths are designed to serve as the liquid delivery channels for the liquid replenishment on the downstream of the heating surface. The heterogeneous surfaces improve the comprehensive boiling heat transfer performance, especially the CHF, which is 82.2% higher than that of the smooth surface and 5.4% higher than the surface homogeneously covered by the microstructure with twice of the extended surface area. This work provides reference for the design of heterogeneous surfaces with both smooth and structured parts to increase the flow boiling CHF to some extent.

9.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(6)2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608502

RESUMEN

Label­free quantitative mass spectrometry was used to analyze the differences in the granulation tissue protein expression profiles of patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) before and after negative­pressure wound therapy (NPWT) to understand how NPWT promotes the healing of diabetic foot wounds. A total of three patients with DFUs hospitalized for Wagner grade 3 were enrolled. The patients received NPWT for one week. The granulation tissue samples of the patients prior to and following NPWT for one week were collected. The protein expression profiles were analyzed with label­free quantitative mass spectrometry and the differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in the DFU patients prior to and following NPWT for one week were identified. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analyses were conducted to annotate the DEPs and DEP­associated signaling pathways. Western blotting and ELISA were performed to validate the results. By comparing the differences in the protein profiles of granulation tissue samples prior to and following NPWT for one week, 36 proteins with significant differences were identified (P<0.05); 33 of these proteins were upregulated and three proteins were downregulated. NPWT altered proteins mainly associated with antioxidation and detoxification, the cytoskeleton, regulation of the inflammatory response, complement and coagulation cascades and lipid metabolism. The functional validation of the DEPs demonstrated that the levels of cathepsin S in peripheral blood and granulation tissue were significantly lower than those prior to NPWT (P<0.05), while the levels of protein S isoform 1, inter α­trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H4 and peroxiredoxin­2 in peripheral blood and granulation tissue were significantly higher than those prior to NPWT (P<0.05). The present study identified multiple novel proteins altered by NPWT and laid a foundation for further studies investigating the mechanism of action of NPWT.

10.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5832, 2021 Oct 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611160

RESUMEN

Maize ear size and kernel number differ among lines, however, little is known about the molecular basis of ear length and its impact on kernel number. Here, we characterize a quantitative trait locus, qEL7, to identify a maize gene controlling ear length, flower number and fertility. qEL7 encodes 1-aminocyclopropane-1- carboxylate oxidase2 (ACO2), a gene that functions in the final step of ethylene biosynthesis and is expressed in specific domains in developing inflorescences. Confirmation of qEL7 by gene editing of ZmACO2 leads to a reduction in ethylene production in developing ears, and promotes meristem and flower development, resulting in a ~13.4% increase in grain yield per ear in hybrids lines. Our findings suggest that ethylene serves as a key signal in inflorescence development, affecting spikelet number, floral fertility, ear length and kernel number, and also provide a tool to improve grain productivity by optimizing ethylene levels in maize or in other cereals.

11.
Appl Opt ; 60(22): 6511-6519, 2021 Aug 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612888

RESUMEN

We present an asymmetric encryption scheme for hyperspectral images using hybrid chaotic maps (HCMs) and an equal modulus decomposition tree (EMDT) structure in a discrete multiple-parameter fractional Fourier transform (dmpFrFT) domain. The original hyperspectral image was scrambled by an HCM and then encrypted into asymmetric ciphertext using the EMDT. In the EMDT, each pair of the band images of the scrambled hyperspectral image were regarded as leaf nodes, while the encryption modules using chaotic random phase mask, dmpFrFT, and improved equal modulus decomposition were regarded as branch nodes, and the encryption process was implemented along the paths from the leaf nodes to the topmost branch node. The EMDT structure could provide multiparameter encryption, real-valued output, and different pairs of band images with different secret keys and encryption/decryption paths. Compared with the previous optical encryption approaches for hyperspectral images, our asymmetric cryptosystem had larger key space, less data amount of storage and transmission, and stronger resistance to statistical attacks. Various numerical simulations verified the performance of our proposed asymmetric cryptosystem.

12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613704

RESUMEN

Perovskite photovoltaics (PPVs) using three-dimensional (3D) perovskites incorporated with two-dimensional (2D) perovskites have drawn great concentration in both academic and industrial sectors. Here, we report high performance of PPVs based on the 2D/3D perovskite bilayer thin film post-annealed with solvent vapor. The 2D/3D perovskite bilayer thin film post-annealed with solvent vapor possesses enlarged crystal size and crystallinity and blue-shifted photoluminescence compared to a 3D MAPbI3 thin film. Moreover, compared to the PPVs based on a 3D perovskite thin film, enlarged built-in potential, suppressed charge carrier recombination, boosted charge transport, and reduced charge carrier extraction time are observed from the PPVs based on the 2D/3D perovskite bilayer thin film post-annealed with solvent vapor. As a result, perovskite solar cells exhibit a power conversion efficiency of 22.13% and dramatically enhanced stability, and perovskite photodetectors show a photoresponsivity of 1.38 AW-1, detectivity of 6.52 × 1014 cm Hz1/2 W-1, and linear dynamic range of over 167 dB at room temperature. These results demonstrate that we develop a simple method to approach high-performance PPVs by the 2D/3D perovskite bilayer thin film.

13.
ChemSusChem ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612600

RESUMEN

Herein, we firstly report a robust catalytic system for the green synthesis of 5-methylfurfural (5-MF) by iodide-mediated transfer hydrogenation. Around 50% of 5-MF was yielded from D-fructose within 7.5 min using NaI as the catalyst and formic acid as both the hydrogen source and co-catalyst. The catalytic system was used for 6 consecutive cycles without any decrease in the yield. Various starch and raw biomass could be served as promising starting materials for 5-MF synthesis with moderate yields, and the productivity of 5-MF from corn starch reached 103 mmol g cat. -1 h -1 , which is comparable with the best result from L-rhamnose. Moreover, the co-production of 5-MF and furfural from raw biomass makes this methodology more competitive than other routes.

14.
Integr Med Res ; : 100778, 2021 Sep 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608432

RESUMEN

Background: The outbreak of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused more than 180 million infections and 3.9 million deaths. To date, emerging clinical evidence has shown the synergetic benefits of Chinese herbal injections in treating this contagious respiratory disease. This review aims to summarize and analyze the efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal injections in the therapy of COVID-19. Methods: The literature from 3 electronic databases, PubMed, CNKI, and Web of Science, were searched using the search terms "COVID-19", "SARS-CoV-2", "traditional Chinese medicine", "herb", "herbal", and "injection". Then the identified articles were comprehensively evaluated. Results: Limited data demonstrated that Chinese herbal injections could significantly improve the clinical outcomes of COVID-19 patients, especially in combination with conventional treatment strategies. The benefits of which were mainly associated with the relief of symptoms, prevention of secondary infection, regulation of inflammation and immune function. There was also evidence showing the inhibitory effects on SARS-CoV-2 replication in vitro. Nevertheless, available real-world data suggested the increased risk of adverse event. Furthermore, the defects of existing researches and the insights for discovering novel antiviral drugs were prospectively discussed. Conclusion: Evidence-based advances revealed that Chinese herbal injections such as XueBiJing injection and ShenMai injection, exerted potent effects against COVID-19. Further laboratory researches and clinical evaluation are needed to gather scientific evidence on the efficacy and safety.

15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609826

RESUMEN

In this work, we fabricated cobalt-doped carbon quantum dots (Co-CQDs) by a one-pot hydrothermal method with cobalt tetraphenylporphyrin and 1,2-ethanediamine as precursors. The morphology and structure of the Co-CQDs were characterized through transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction spectra, Fourier transform infrared, and X-ray photoelectron spectra. The Co-CQDs emitted intense blue luminescence under ultraviolet irradiation and exhibited a typical excitation-dependent emission property. Moreover, they can act as a fluorescent probe for the detection of Fe3+ and ascorbic acid (AA) with high selectivity and sensitivity through an "on-off-on" mode. The limit of detection (LOD) of Fe3+ was measured as 38 µM (S/N = 3). The quenched emission of carbon quantum dots can be recovered with the addition of ascorbic acid (AA) to the Co-CQDs/Fe3+ system. The change of fluorescence was linear with the concentration of AA (0.6-1.6 mM) with the LOD of 18 µM. Furthermore, the Co-CQDs exhibited high oxidase-like catalytic behavior, which could convert transparent 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) into blue ox-TMB by dissolved oxygen. After adding ascorbic acid to the Co-CQDs/TMB system, the blue color of the solution faded due to the reduction of blue ox-TMB to colorless TMB. Based on this phenomenon, the Co-CQDs were capable of detecting AA (10-400 µM) with the LOD of 0.27 µM. The fluorometric and colorimetric assays based on the Co-CQDs for the AA detection were then successfully applied in fresh fruits. Furthermore, the high biocompatibility of the Co-CQDs against HeLa cells was verified by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) method. Thus, the Co-CQDs could be used as a powerful tool for the detection of AA in real samples through a dual-mode method.

16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600118

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Phenotypic drug susceptibility testing for prediction of tuberculosis (TB) drug resistance is slow and unreliable, limiting individualized therapy and monitoring of national TB data. Our study evaluated whole genome sequencing (WGS) for its predictive accuracy, use in TB drug-resistance surveillance, and ability to quantify the effects of resistance-associated mutations on minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of anti-TB drugs. METHODS: We used WGS to measure the susceptibility of 4,880 isolates to ten anti-TB drugs; for pyrazinamide, we used BACTEC MGIT 960. We determined the accuracy of WGS by comparing the prevalence of drug resistance, measured by WGS, with the true prevalence, determined by phenotypic susceptibility testing. We used the Student-Newman-Keuls test to confirm MIC differences of mutations. RESULTS: Resistance to isoniazid, rifampin, and ethambutol were highly accurately predicted with at least 92.29% sensitivity, resistance to pyrazinamide with 50.52% sensitivity, and resistance to six second-line drugs with 85.05% to 96.01% sensitivity. In addition to the large overlap in estimated drug resistance prevalence by WGS and phenotypic testing, WGS can detect low-level resistant or sub-ECOFF mutations which may be missed by phenotyping. For nearly all drugs, resistance-conferring mutations had varying levels of impact on MICs. CONCLUSION: WGS can predict phenotypic susceptibility with high accuracy and be a valuable tool for drug resistance surveillance and allow for detection of drug resistant level; as such, it can be a important approach in TB drug resistance surveillance and for determining the therapeutic schemes.

17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596477

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: For early stage non-small cell lung cancer, whether limited resection can yield comparable outcomes to those of lobectomy hasn't been established. In this study, we compared Overall survival (OS) and lung cancer-specific survival (LCSS) after segmentectomy or lobectomy in stage IA1 (≤10 mm) lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We retrospectively recruited patients who'd been diagnosed with lung cancer for the first time and treated with segmentectomy or lobectomy, with or without previous other malignancy. RESULTS: 1788 patients were included. After propensity score matching: 5-year OS were 85.6% for segmentectomy and 84.7% for lobectomy(p=0.951); 5-year LCSS were 93.5% for segmentectomy and 93.0% for lobectomy(p=0.726). Cox regression analysis revealed segmentectomy was comparable to lobectomy in OS and LCSS. Having a second lung cancer later in life was associated with a worse LCSS for lobectomy (p<0.05) rather than segmentectomy. After patients were stratified according to their malignancy history, subgroup analyses showed no significant differences in prognosis between two surgeries. CONCLUSIONS: For stage IA1 LUAD patients who were diagnosed with lung cancer for the first time, with or without previous other malignancy, segmentectomy yields comparable outcomes to those of lobectomy. It may provide better outcomes for patients with multiple suspicious nodules.

18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596561

RESUMEN

This article presents the adaptive tracking control scheme of nonlinear multiagent systems under a directed graph and state constraints. In this article, the integral barrier Lyapunov functionals (iBLFs) are introduced to overcome the conservative limitation of the barrier Lyapunov function with error variables, relax the feasibility conditions, and simultaneously solve state constrained and coupling terms of the communication errors between agents. An adaptive distributed controller was designed based on iBLF and backstepping method, and iBLF was differentiated by means of the integral mean value theorem. At the same time, the properties of neural network are used to approximate the unknown terms, and the stability of the systems is proven by the Lyapunov stability theory. This scheme can not only ensure that the output of all the followers meets the output trajectory of the leader but also make the state variables not violate the constraint bounds, and all the closed-loop signals are bounded. Finally, the efficiency of the proposed controller is revealed.

19.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 713357, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621242

RESUMEN

Background: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is one of the most lethal urologic cancer. Associations of both visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) with ccRCC have been reported, and underlying mechanisms of VAT perhaps distinguished from SAT, considering their different structures and functions. We performed this study to disclose different miRNA-mRNA networks of obesity-related ccRCC in VAT and SAT using datasets from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA); and find out different RNAs correlated with the prognosis of ccRCC in VAT and SAT. Methods: We screened out different expressed (DE) mRNAs and miRNAs of obesity, in both VAT and SAT from GEO datasets, and constructed miRNA-mRNA networks of obesity-related ccRCC. To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of RNAs in networks of obesity-related ccRCC in both VAT and SAT, Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analyses were conducted using TCGA datasets. Spearman correlation analyses were then performed to find out RNA pairs with inverse correlations. We also performed Cox regression analyses to estimate the association of all DE RNAs of obesity with the overall survival. Results: 136 and 185 DE mRNAs of obesity in VAT and SAT were found out. Combined with selected DE miRNAs, miRNA-mRNA networks of obesity-related ccRCC were constructed. By performing ROC analyses, RNAs with same trend as shown in networks and statistically significant ORs were selected to be paired. Three pairs were finally remained in Spearman correlation analyses, including hsa-miR-182&ATP2B2, hsa-miR-532&CDH2 in VAT, and hsa-miR-425&TFAP2B in SAT. Multivariable Cox regression analyses showed that several RNAs with statistically significant adjusted HRs remained consistent trends as shown in DE analyses of obesity. Risk score analyses using selected RNAs showed that the overall survival time of patients in the low-risk group was significantly longer than that in the high-risk group regardless of risk score models. Conclusions: We found out different miRNA-mRNA regulatory networks of obesity-related ccRCC for both VAT and SAT; and several DE RNAs of obesity-related ccRCC were found to remain consistent performance in terms of ccRCC prognosis. Our findings could provide valuable evidence on the targeted therapy of obesity-related ccRCC.

20.
Oncogene ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611311

RESUMEN

RNF6 is a RING finger protein with oncogenic potential. In this study, we established colon-specific RNF6 transgenic (tg) mice, and demonstrated that RNF6 overexpression accelerated colorectal carcinogenesis compared to wild-type littermates in a chemically induced colorectal cancer (CRC) model. To understand whether transcriptional activity of RNF6 underlies its oncogenic effect, we performed integrated chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-sequencing and RNA-sequencing analysis to identify splicing factor 3b subunit 2 (SF3B2) as a potential downstream target of RNF6. RNF6 binds to the SF3B2 promoter and the overexpression of RNF6 activates SF3B2 expression in CRC cells, primary CRC organoids, and RNF6 tg mice. SF3B2 knockout abrogated the tumor promoting effect of RNF6 overexpression, whereas the reexpression of SF3B2 recused cell growth and migration/invasion in RNF6 knockout cells, indicating that SF3B2 is a functional downstream target of RNF6 in CRC. Targeting of RNF6-SF3B2 axis with SF3B2 inhibitor with pladienolide B suppressed the growth of CRC cells with RNF6 overexpression in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, the combination of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) plus pladienolide B exerted synergistic effects in CRC with high RNF6 expression, leading to tumor regression in xenograft models. These findings indicate that tumor promoting effect of RNF6 is achieved mainly via transcriptional upregulation of SF3B2, and that RNF6-SF3B2 axis is a promising target for CRC therapy.

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