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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127134, 2022 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534810

RESUMEN

Internal electric field (IEF) at heterojunction interfaces can separate photoexcited charge carriers and promote photocatalytic performance. Here we have modified WO3 nanoplates with carbon dots (CDs) and constructed an interfacial IEF directing from CDs to WO3 with assistance of their remarkably different work functions. Such electric field drove photoexcited electrons to transport towards CDs and retained photoexcited holes to stay at WO3, achieving electron/hole spatial separation. H2O preferred chemisorption on the five-coordinated W atoms of WO3 with an elongated H-O bond and bent H-O-H angle, which allowed the activation of H2O and favorable production of ·OH radicals. The WO3/CDs (WC1) showed a superior photocatalytic activity for visible-light photooxidation of HCHO and CH3COCH3 with CO2 production rate of 411 and 188 µmol g-1 h-1, respectively, outperforming most of WO3-based photocatalysts. The enhanced photocatalytic performance correlated with the IEF-induced charge separation, favorable ·OH production and VOCs chemisorption. Our work confirms the role of CDs cocatalyst in the photocatalytic oxidation of VOCs, which will inspire enthusiasm to develop more advanced heterojunction photocatalysts involving carbon nanomaterials.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 2): 150669, 2022 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597563

RESUMEN

Ongoing increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) are expected to stimulate biomass and yield of plants possessing the C3 photosynthetic pathway; however, the extent of stimulation is likely to vary both intra- and inter-species specifically. Meta-analytic approaches can be applied to decrease variation and uncertainty by delineating and characterizing variation, allowing results to be used in modeling plant responses to elevated [CO2]. However, the use of meta-analysis in this effort could be limited by missing measures of variance, including standard deviations (SDs) of the compiled dataset. Here, we examined whether there were differences in effect sizes of elevated [CO2] on plant growth using various weighting and imputation approaches. Our results showed that the efficacy of different weighting functions and data interpolation methods on meta-analysis outcomes depended on the SDs provided by the studies. Comparing different methodologies for [CO2] fumigation as a case study, if the ratio of missing SD was low, the overall trend of effect values and 95% confidence interval (CI) were not changed. For datasets of greenhouse and growth chamber [CO2] methodologies, which had a high ratio of missing SDs, effect sizes and 95% confidence intervals using different weighing and imputation methods were influenced relative to that of the raw dataset, with reduced effect sizes and broader CI. Overall these results suggest that application of meta-analysis to discern general biological responses could be influenced by the number of missing SDs. As such, efforts should be made to check the proportion of missing SDs of the compiled dataset and if necessary, to apply various weighting functions and imputation methods to fully discern meta-analysis implications. Our findings could improve the assessment of methodological choices for future [CO2] experimentation and discerning long-term trends for agricultural productivity and food security.

3.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24137, 2021 Dec 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859916

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has had a devastating impact on public health services worldwide. Currently, there are no standard remedies or therapies for COVID-19. it is important to identify and diagnose COVID-19 to control the spread. But clinical symptoms of COVID-19 are very similar to those of other respiratory viruses. RESULTS: As a result, the diagnosis of COVID-19 relies heavily on detecting pathogens. We established a bunch of triplex new TaqMan real-time PCR assays. Three sets of primers and probes (targeting the ORF1ab, N, and E genes, respectively) are poorly consistent with other human coronaviruses and the human influenza virus. The sensitivity of established PCR assays notices as few as 100 copies per PCR of the ORF1ab, N, and E genes. Meanwhile, standard curves concluded from constant PCR reaction all showed glorious linear correlations between Ct values and the polymer loading copy variety (correlation coefficient (R2 ) of ORF1ab, N, and E genes is 0.996, 0.991, and 0.998, respectively). Surveillance of RNA-based pseudovirus demonstrated that they were identified to be positive with respect to SARS-CoV-2 and that established PCR assays are achievable. CONCLUSION: The assays established provide a smaller reaction volume for diagnosing COVID-19.

4.
ACS Omega ; 6(45): 30189-30204, 2021 Nov 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805654

RESUMEN

Logic gates are devices that can perform Boolean logic operations and are the basic components of integrated circuits for information processing and storage. In recent years, molecular logic gates are gradually replacing traditional silicon-based electronic computers with their significant advantages and are used in research in water quality monitoring, heavy metal ion detection, disease diagnosis and treatment, food safety detection, and biological sensors. Logic gates at the molecular level have broad development prospects and huge development potential. In this review, the development and application of logic gates in various fields are used as the entry point to discuss the research progress of logic gates and logic circuits. At the same time, the application of logic gates in quite a few emerging fields is briefly summarized and predicted.

5.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 33(9): 1094-1098, 2021 Sep.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839868

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To observe the changes of regional saturation of cerebral oxygenation (rScO2) and blood neuron specific enolase (NSE) in patients after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and to explore its value in evaluating the prognosis of patients' neurological function. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2020, 97 patients with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest (CA) treated in the intensive care unit (ICU) of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were selected. According to the prognosis, the patients were divided into two groups: good neurological function group [Glasgow-Pittsburgh Cerebral Performance Categories (CPC) 1-2, 20 cases] and neurological dysfunction group (CPC classification 3-5, 77 cases). The clinical data of gender, age, the number of patients with defibrillable rhythm, time of ROSC, the number of CA patients outside the hospital, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II), Glasgow coma scale (GCS), global non-response scale (FOUR), body temperature, mean arterial pressure (MAP), blood lactic acid (Lac) and GCS at discharge, as well as the length of ICU stay, rScO2 and blood NSE were collected. The differences of rScO2 and NSE between the two groups were compared; and the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to evaluate the value of rScO2 and NSE alone or in combination in predicting the prognosis of patients with ROSC after CA. RESULTS: The rScO2 of good neurological function group was significantly higher than that of neurological dysfunction group at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours (all P < 0.05). At 24 hours after admission, the rScO2 on the left and right sides of good neurological function group was significantly higher than that in neurological dysfunction group [left: 0.65 (0.59, 0.76) vs. 0.55 (0.44, 0.67), right: 0.62 (0.61, 0.73) vs. 0.50 (0.30, 0.69), both P < 0.05], and NSE was significantly lower than that in the neurological dysfunction group [ng/L: 21.42 (15.38, 29.69) vs. 45.82 (24.05, 291.26), P < 0.05]. ROC curve analysis showed that both rScO2 and NSE alone and combined detection had a certain value in predicting the prognosis of neurological function in patients with ROSC after CA, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) detected by the combination was the largest, which was higher than the AUC predicted by rScO2 or NSE (0.904 vs. 0.884, 0.792). When the cut-off value of combination was 0.83, the sensitivity and specificity were 75.7% and 100% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Monitoring rScO2 and NSE can predict the prognosis of neurological function after CPR, especially the combined evaluation of the two indexes, which can greatly improve the accuracy of diagnosis.


Asunto(s)
Reanimación Cardiopulmonar , Paro Cardíaco , APACHE , Paro Cardíaco/terapia , Humanos , Fosfopiruvato Hidratasa , Pronóstico
6.
Food Funct ; 12(23): 12008-12021, 2021 Nov 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755750

RESUMEN

This study explored the effects of polyphenol extract (TKP) and essential oil (TKO) from Amomum tsao-ko Crevost et Lemaire (tsao-ko) on plasma total cholesterol and gut microbiota. Four groups of hamsters (n = 8 each) were fed one of four diets, respectively, namely a high-cholesterol diet (HCD) containing 0.1% cholesterol, a HCD containing 0.5% cholestyramine (PCD), a HCD with daily oral administration of 1000 mg per kg body weight TKP, and a HCD with daily oral administration of 200 mg per kg body weight TKO for 6 weeks. TKP and TKO equally lowered plasma total cholesterol (TC) by 13-18% via increasing the fecal elimination of total acidic sterols by 50-191%. This might be due to up-regulation of liver cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) at both transcriptional and translational levels. At a family level, TKP and TKO diets favorably modified the relative abundance of Ruminococcaceae, Erysipelotrichaceae, and Desulfovibrionaceae associated with acidic sterols and CYP7A1. It was therefore concluded that TKP and TKO were equally effective in alleviating hypercholesterolemia in hamsters via the interaction between gut microbiota and bile acid metabolism.

7.
Psychiatry Res ; 306: 114268, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837883

RESUMEN

Several recent publications have revealed that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients were adversely affected during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19); however, how long this negative impact will last is unclear. Our study aimed to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on OCD patients after one year. Online questionnaires were administered, and clinical interviews were conducted to assess OCD symptoms, depression, anxiety, information about COVID-19 and mental resilience at baseline (1 December 2019-1 January 2020), during early COVID-19 (26 February-25 March 2020) and at the one-year follow-up (26 February-25 March 2021). A total of 110 OCD patients were enrolled. Our findings showed that OCD, depressive and anxiety symptoms worsened during early COVID-19, and the negative impact persisted at the one-year follow-up. Multivariate analysis showed that female gender, concern about COVID-19 and OCD symptom severity at baseline were risk factors for exacerbation of OCD symptoms during early COVID-19, while optimism, as one composite factor of resilience, was a protective factor against exacerbation of OCD symptoms both during early COVID-19 and at follow-up. Our study showed that COVID-19 had immediate and long-term impacts on the exacerbation of OCD symptoms, and interventions targeted at improving resilience are recommended.

8.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 768283, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721370

RESUMEN

The order Sulfolobales (phylum Crenarchaeota) is a group of thermoacidophilic archaea. The first member of the Sulfolobales was discovered in 1972, and current 23 species are validly named under the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes. The majority of members of the Sulfolobales is obligately or facultatively chemolithoautotrophic. When they grow autotrophically, elemental sulfur or reduced inorganic sulfur compounds are their energy sources. Therefore, sulfur metabolism is the most important physiological characteristic of the Sulfolobales. The functions of some enzymes and proteins involved in sulfur reduction, sulfur oxidation, sulfide oxidation, thiosulfate oxidation, sulfite oxidation, tetrathionate hydrolysis, and sulfur trafficking have been determined. In this review, we describe current knowledge about the physiology, taxonomy, and sulfur metabolism of the Sulfolobales, and note future challenges in this field.

9.
PeerJ ; 9: e12036, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721954

RESUMEN

Background: Diet, environment, and genomic context have a significant impact on humans' intestinal microbiota. Moreover, migration may be accompanied by changes in human eating habits and living environment, which could, in turn, affect the intestinal microbiota. Located in southwestern China, Tibet has an average altitude of 4,000 meters and is known as the world's roof. Xianyang is situated in the plains of central China, with an average altitude of about 400 meters. Methods: To understand the association between intestinal microbiota and population migration, we collected the fecal samples from 30 Tibetan women on the first day (as TI1st), six months (as TI2nd), and ten months (as TI3rd) following migration from Tibet to Xianyang. Fecal samples were collected from 29 individuals (belonging to the Han women) as a control. The dietary information of the Tibetan women and the Han women was gathered. We performed a 16S rRNA gene survey of the collected fecal samples using Illumina MiSeq sequencing. Results: Following the migration, the alpha and beta diversity of Tibetan women's intestinal microbiota appeared unaffected. Linear discriminant analysis effect size (LEfSe) analysis showed that Klebsiella, Blautia, and Veillonella are potential biomarkers at TI1st, while Proteobacteria and Enterobacteriaceae were common in TI3rd. Finally, functional prediction by phylogenetic investigation of communities by reconstruction of unobserved states (PICRUSt) found no significant up-regulation or down-regulation gene pathway in the intestinal microbiota of Tibetan women after migration. The present study reveals that the higher stability in Tibetan women's intestinal microbiota was less affected by the environment and diet, indicating that Tibetan women's intestinal microbiota is relatively stable. The main limitations of the study were the small sample size and all volunteers were women.

10.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 35(11): 1422-1426, 2021 Nov 15.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779168

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of percutanous fixation with helical bridge combined fixation system (BCFS) for treatment of long split fractures involving the middle and upper humerus. Methods: Between February 2018 and February 2020, 15 patients of long split fractures involving the middle and upper humerus were treated. There were 6 males and 9 females, with an average age of 62 years (range, 37-82 years). The fractures were caused by slipping in 7 cases, falling from height in 3 cases, and traffic accident in 5 cases. According to AO classification, the shaft fractures were rated as type A in 4 cases, type B in 9 cases, and type C in 2 cases. And all fractures extended to proximal humerus; and the proximal fractures were rated as one-part fracture in 11 cases and two-part fracture in 4 cases according to Neer classification. The interval between injury and operation was 1-7 days (mean, 3.2 days). Nine patients underwent closed reduction and 6 patients underwent open reduction after lengthening the incisions. All fractures were percutaneously internal fixated with helical BCFS after reduction. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision healing, and fracture healing were recorded. Constant-Murley score was used to evaluate shoulder joint function, and Mayo score was used to evaluate elbow joint function. Results: The operation time ranged from 55 to 175 minutes, with an average of 76.5 minutes; the intraoperative blood loss ranged from 80 to 300 mL, with an average of 185.5 mL. All incisions healed by first intention, without infection or radial nerve injury. All patients were followed up 12-23 months, with an average of 16 months. The fractures all reached clinical healing, and the healing time was 12-20 weeks, with an average of 14.5 weeks. At 1 year after operation, the Constant-Murley score of the affected side was 88.7±7.6, and there was no significant difference when compared with that of the healthy side (90.8±8.3) ( t=1.421, P=0.052). According to the elbow Mayo score, the score of the affected side was 97.6±6.5, and there was no significant difference when compared with the healthy side (97.7±7.3) ( t=0.433, P=0.913). Conclusion: The helical BCFS can avoid the dissection of deltoid insertion and prevent the iatrogenic radial nerve injury. With satisfied effectiveness, it is suggested for minimally invasive surgical treatment of long split fractures involving the middle and upper humerus.


Asunto(s)
Placas Óseas , Articulación del Codo , Femenino , Fijación Interna de Fracturas , Humanos , Húmero/cirugía , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Resultado del Tratamiento
11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615657

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: IgA nephropathy is the most common primary GN worldwide. Previous research demonstrated that collectin11, an initiator of the complement lectin pathway, was involved in both AKI and chronic tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Here, we investigated the potential role of collectin11 in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: The deposition of collectin11 and other complement proteins was detected in glomeruli of 60 participants with IgA nephropathy by immunofluorescence. In vitro, human mesangial cells were treated with IgA1-containing immune complexes derived from participants with IgA nephropathy. Then, the expression of collectin11 in mesangial cells was examined by quantitative RT-PCR and immunofluorescence. The codeposition of collectin11 with IgA1 or C3 on mesangial cells was detected by immunofluorescence and proximity ligation assays. RESULTS: In total, 37% of participants with IgA nephropathy (22 of 60) showed codeposition of collectin11 with IgA in the glomerular mesangium. Using an injury model of mesangial cells, we demonstrated that IgA1-immune complexes derived from participants with IgA nephropathy increased the secretion of collectin11 in mesangial cells with the subsequent deposition of collectin11 on the cell surface via the interaction with deposited IgA1-immune complexes. In vitro, we found that collectin11 bound to IgA1-immune complexes in a dose-dependent but calcium-independent manner. Furthermore, deposited collectin11 initiated the activation of complement and accelerated the deposition of C3 on mesangial cells. CONCLUSIONS: In situ-produced collectin11 by mesangial cells might play an essential role in kidney injury in a subset of patients with IgA nephropathy through the induction of complement activation.

12.
Nutrition ; 93: 111500, 2021 Sep 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715444

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Lactoferrin supplementation is a promising strategy to prevent infections in neonates. Exploring whether maternal nutritional status in early pregnancy and maternal diet during lactation are associated with lactoferrin concentrations in mature human milk can provide early warning and allow timely adjustment. METHODS: In this follow-up cohort study, 206 participants were recruited at Peking University People's Hospital from June 2018 to June 2019. The levels of albumin and thyroid-stimulating hormones (TSH) were determined as nutritional indicators during early pregnancy. Information on maternal diet during lactation was collected with a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire, and the lactoferrin concentrations in breast milk were examined at around 42 d postpartum. RESULTS: The median level (interquartile range) of lactoferrin in breast milk was 2844.2 (2568.1, 3103.1) µg/mL. Overall, 5.5% of participants had lower albumin (<40 g/L), and 21.6% had elevated TSH (>2.5 mIU/L), respectively. The concentration of lactoferrin was higher (216.8 [13.4, 420.2] µg/mL) in women with lower albumin levels than in those with normal levels, and elevated TSH had no effect. A 1 g increase in egg intake led to a 0.3 (0.0, 0.6) µg/mL increase in lactoferrin concentration. Lactoferrin levels were also affected by intake of energy, protein, cholesterol, and vitamin A. CONCLUSIONS: Women with lower albumin levels in early pregnancy had higher levels of lactoferrin in mature breast milk. TSH was not related to lactoferrin levels. Intake of energy, protein, cholesterol, and vitamin A may have contributed to lactoferrin concentrations in milk, and egg intake was positively associated with lactoferrin.

13.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 647604, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621734

RESUMEN

Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) is a notorious agricultural pest worldwide, and its prevention and control have been widely studied. Bacteria in the midgut of B. dorsalis help improve host insecticide resistance and environmental adaption, regulate growth and development, and affect male mating selection, among other functions. Insects have an effective gut defense system that maintains self-immunity and the balance among microorganisms in the gut, in addition to stabilizing the diversity among the gut symbiotic bacteria. However, the detailed regulatory mechanisms governing the gut bacteria and self-immunity are still unclear in oriental fruit flies. In this study, the diversity of the gut symbiotic bacteria in B. dorsalis was altered by feeding host fruit flies antibiotics, and the function of the gut bacteria was predicted. Then, a database of the intestinal transcriptome of the host fruit fly was established and analyzed using the Illumina HiSeq Platform. The gut bacteria shifted from Gram negative to Gram positive after antibiotic feeding. Antibiotics lead to a reduction in gut bacteria, particularly Gram-positive bacteria, which ultimately reduced the reproduction of the host flies. Ten immunity-related genes that were differentially expressed in the response to intestinal bacterial community changes were selected for qRT-PCR validation. Peptidoglycan-recognition protein SC2 gene (PGRP-SC2) was one of the 10 immunity-related genes analyzed. The differential expression of PGRP-SC2 was the most significant, which confirms that PGRP-SC2 may affect immunity of B. dorsalis toward gut bacteria.

14.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 2021 Oct 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713949

RESUMEN

AIM: Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is used to control proteinuria in IgA Nephropathy (IgAN) However, its efficacy and safety in pregnant IgAN patients remains unknown. This study aimed to verify the safety of HCQ in pregnant IgAN patients and compare renal function and pregnancy outcomes with those of patients not treated with HCQ. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of all pregnant IgAN patients and singleton gestations at Peking University First Hospital from 2003-2021. Patients who did and did not receive HCQ treatment during pregnancy were compared. RESULTS: We found no significant pre- or post-pregnancy differences in proteinuria or renal function between the two groups. However, the HCQ (+) group had higher proteinuria at the time of kidney biopsy (2.04 [1.26, 2.56] g/d vs. 0.80 [0.44, 1.11] g/d, P < .001); the proteinuria level at HCQ therapy initiation was also higher than that at the beginning of pregnancy (1.87 [1.30, 2.59] g/d vs. 1.08 [0.75, 1.50] g/d, P = .001). Despite no difference in preterm birth, birth weight, preeclampsia or postpartum haemorrhage, the proportion of patients with a previous history of spontaneous abortion was higher in the HCQ (+) group than in the HCQ (-) group (48.0% vs. 20.6%, P = .010). The eGFR (regression coefficient, 0.981; 95%CI 0.964-0.998) was a predictive factor for obstetrical complications. CONCLUSION: HCQ is safe for IgAN treatment during pregnancy with effective reduction of proteinuria. HCQ might also be helpful in patients with a history of spontaneous abortion.

15.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 732613, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604113

RESUMEN

The human oral microbiota plays a vital role in maintaining metabolic homeostasis. To explore the relationship between Helicobacter pylori (Hp) and reflux esophagitis, we collected 86 saliva samples from reflux esophagitis patients (RE group) and 106 saliva samples from healthy people (C group) for a high-throughput sequencing comparison. No difference in alpha diversity was detected between the RE and the C groups, but beta diversity of the RE group was higher than the C group. Bacteroidetes was more abundant in the RE group, whereas Firmicutes was more abundant in the C group. The linear discriminant analysis effect size analysis demonstrated that the biomarkers of the RE group were Prevotella, Veillonella, Leptotrichia, and Actinomyces, and the biomarkers of the C group were Lautropia, Gemella, Rothia, and Streptococcus. The oral microbial network structure of the C group was more complex than that of the RE group. Second, to explore the effect of Hp on the oral microbiota of RE patients, we performed the 14C-urea breath test on 45 of the 86 RE patients. We compared the oral microbiota of 33 Hp-infected reflux esophagitis patients (REHpp group) and 12 non-Hp-infected reflux esophagitis patients (REHpn group). No difference in alpha diversity was observed between the REHpn and REHpp groups, and beta diversity of the REHpp group was significantly lower than that of the REHpn group. The biomarkers in the REHpp group were Veillonella, Haemophilus, Selenomonas, Megasphaera, Oribacterium, Butyrivibrio, and Campylobacter; and the biomarker in the REHpn group was Stomatobaculum. Megasphaera was positively correlated with Veillonella in the microbial network of the REHpp group. The main finding of this study is that RE disturbs the human oral microbiota, such as increased beta diversity. Hp infection may inhibit this disorderly trend.


Asunto(s)
Esofagitis Péptica , Infecciones por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Microbiota , Humanos , Saliva
16.
Adv Mater ; : e2104562, 2021 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595770

RESUMEN

The redox-targeting (RT) process or redox-mediated process, which provides great operation flexibility in circumventing the constraints intrinsically posed by the conventional electrochemical systems, is intriguing for various energy storage and conversion applications. Implementation of the RT reactions in redox-flow cells, which involves a close-loop electrochemical-chemical cycle between an electrolyte-borne redox mediator and an energy storage or conversion material, not only boosts the energy density of flow battery system, but also offers a versatile research platform applied to a wide variety of chemistries for different applications. Here, the recent progress of RT-based energy storage and conversion systems is summarized and great versatility of RT processes for various energy-related applications is demonstrated, particularly for large-scale energy storage, spatially decoupled water electrolysis, electrolytic N2 reduction, thermal-to-electrical conversion, spent battery material recycling, and more. The working principle, materials aspects, and factors dictating the operation are highlighted to reveal the critical roles of RT reactions for each application. In addition, the challenges lying ahead for deployment are stated and recommendations for addressing these constraints are provided. It is anticipated that the RT concept of energy materials will provide important implications and eventually offer a credible solution for advanced large-scale energy storage and conversion.

17.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1183: 338976, 2021 Oct 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627520

RESUMEN

Aptamer-functionalized nanoparticles have been widely studied as targeted probes in biomedical applications for targeted therapy and imaging. The rigidity of the nanoparticle could stabilized the spatial structure of the aptamer, ensuring the selectivity and affinity for target recognition in the complex environment. The main aim of this article study was to explore the effect of the spatial structure of aptamer in the interaction between aptamer nanoprobes and receptors. We designed and synthesized aptamer functionalized nanoparticle systems with different derivation lengths, and developed a unique kinetic analysis to quantify affinity interactions. The system used silver decahedral nanoparticles (Ag10NPs), which was then chemically functionalized with thrombin (or IgE) aptamers of different tail lengths to produced different nanoprobes, and employed thrombin (or IgE) as target on a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor to evaluate the binding of these nanoprobes. Kinetic analysis of the SPR binding curve was performed to evaluated the affinity between nanoprobes and targets. Under the premise of eliminating multivalent interactions, we found that the distance between aptamer and nanoparticle could affect the affinity between nanoprobe and target. Furthermore, we found that keeping a certain distance between aptamer and nanoparticle could effectively improved the recognition efficiency of the aptamer nanoprobe and target. It shows that the rigidity of nanomaterials could maintain the spatial structure of the aptamer.


Asunto(s)
Aptámeros de Nucleótidos , Técnicas Biosensibles , Nanopartículas , Cinética , Resonancia por Plasmón de Superficie
18.
Eur J Med Res ; 26(1): 122, 2021 Oct 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649617

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) and noninvasive ventilation (NIV) have been used for the treatment of COPD and respiratory failure in clinical settings. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of HFNC therapy in patients with COPD and type II respiratory failure, to provide evidence to the clinical COPD management. METHODS: We searched Cochrane et al. databases up to Dec 31, 2020 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the use of HFNC therapy in patients with COPD and type II respiratory failure. Two researchers independently screened the literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and evaluated the quality of the literature and extracted data. We used Revman5.3 software for statistical analysis of collected data. RESULTS: A total of 6 RCTs involving 525 COPD and type II respiratory failure patients. Meta-analyses indicated that compared with NIV, HFNC could significantly reduce PaCO2 level (MD = - 2.64, 95% CI (- 3.12 to - 2.15)), length of hospital stay ((MD = - 1.19, 95 CI (- 2.23 to - 0.05)), the incidence of nasal facial skin breakdown ((OR = 0.11, 95% CI (0.03-0.41)). And there were no significant differences between the two groups in PaO2 ((MD = 2.92, 95% CI (- 0.05 to 5.90)), incidence of tracheal intubation ((OR = 0.74, 95% CI (0.34-1.59)) and mortality (OR = 0.77, 95% CI (0.28-2.11)). CONCLUSIONS: HFNC is more advantageous over NIV in the treatment of COPD and type II respiratory failure. Future studies with larger sample size and strict design are needed to further elucidate the role of HFNC in COPD and respiratory failure.

19.
J Nephrol ; 2021 Oct 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676523

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Fibrinoid necrosis is considered one of the active pathological lesions in IgA nephropathy. Whether patients with IgA nephropathy with fibrinoid necrosis lesions benefit from immunosuppressive therapy in terms of long-term outcomes remains uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the response to immunosuppressive therapy in patients with fibrinoid necrosis lesions in a large cohort of patients with IgA nephropathy. METHODS: A total of 1325 patients with kidney biopsy-proven IgA nephropathy from 1994 to 2016 were recruited from the Peking University First Hospital IgA Nephropathy Database. The clinicopathological characteristics of patients with fibrinoid necrosis lesions and the effect of immunosuppressive therapy on patients with fibrinoid necrosis lesions alone or in those with fibrinoid necrosis together with crescents or endocapillary hypercellularity lesions were analyzed. RESULTS: In total, 107/1325 (8.1%) patients showed fibrinoid necrosis lesions, and 92/107 (86.0%) of these patients showed fibrinoid necrosis associated either with cellular/fibrocellular crescents or endocapillary hypercellularity lesions. The presence of fibrinoid necrosis together with crescents or endocapillary hypercellularity was an independent risk factor for the kidney composite endpoint (HR, 2.11; 95% CI, 1.16-3.84; P = 0.02) in patients without immunosuppression, while for those receiving immunosuppressive therapy, kidney outcome was improved (HR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.46-1.39; P = 0.42). However, the predictive value of fibrinoid necrosis lesions alone did not change significantly between patients with and without immunosuppressive therapy. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of fibrinoid necrosis with crescents or endocapillary hypercellularity lesions together, but not fibrinoid necrosis lesions alone, was a pathological indicator of patients who may benefit from immunosuppressive therapy.

20.
Front Nutr ; 8: 748031, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631774

RESUMEN

Origanum majorana L. is an aromatic herb that has been grown in several Mediterranean countries since ancient times, but became popular during the Middle Ages as a medicinal plant and seasoning ingredient. O. majorana has many pharmacological effects, but its immunoreactive components and mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, four compounds were isolated and identified from O. majorana by a spectral analysis, including 1H and 13C-NMR. They were 1H-indole-2-carboxylic acid (1), (+)-laricresol (2), (+)-isolaricresol (3), and procumboside B (4, pB), which were isolated for the first time in O. majorana. The immunomodulatory effects of the four compounds were screened, and pB had good immunomodulatory activity on RAW 264.7 cells. The immunomodulatory mechanism of pB was proved, in which pB could increase the secretion of nitric oxide (NO), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) and simultaneously upregulate the expression of CD80 and CD86 on the cell surface. These results suggested that the mechanism of pB may be related to the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs)-signaling pathways. O. majorana is rich in nutrients and is commonly used in diets, so it can be used as a nutritional supplement with immunomodulatory effects.

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