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1.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915941

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the correlation between blood routine-derived inflammation indicators and respiratory function in patients with pneumoconiosis. Methods: In January 2021, 492 male pneumoconiosis patients hospitalized in Hefei Institute of Occupational Disease Control and Prevention from 2012 to 2020 were randomly selected as the case group, 492 dust exposed non pneumoconiosis workers who underwent occupational health examination at the same time were taken as the control group. The occupational history and clinical examination data of the two groups of subjects were collected, the correlation between blood routine-derived inflammatory indexes and pulmonary function and blood gas analysis was analyzed retrospectively. Results: Compared with the control group, the lymphocyte monocyte ratio (LMR) in the case group was decreased, and the neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was increased, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) . There were significant differences in forced vital capacity as a percentage of the predicted value (FVC) , forced expiratory volume in the first second as a percentage of the predicted value (FEV(1)%) , one second rate (FEV(1)/FVC) , partial pressure of oxygen (PaO(2)) , partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO(2)) , and pH among pneumoconiosis patients at different stages (P<0.05) . FVC%, FEV(1)%, FEV(1)/FVC, and PaO(2) decreased with the increase of the stage, the trend test was statistically significant (tau-b=-0.24, -0.34, -0.37, -0.17, P<0.05) , PaCO(2) and pH increased with the increase of the stage, and the trend test was statistically significant (tau-b=0.10, 0.08, P<0.05) . There were statistically significant differences in LYM, LMR, NLR, platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with pneumoconiosis at different stages (P<0.05) , and LYM and LMR decreased with the increase of stage, trend test showed that there was statistically significant (tau-b=-0.11, -0.13, P<0.05) . There were significant differences in FVC%, FEV(1)%, FEV(1)/FVC, PaO(2), pH, LMR, NLR, PLR among patients with different types of pneumoconiosis (P<0.05) . LMR in pneumoconiosis patients was significantly positively correlated with FVC%, FEV(1)%, FEV(1)/FVC and PaO(2) (r(s)=0.342, 0.324, 0.203, 0.207, P<0.05) , NLR was significantly negatively correlated with FVC%, FEV(1)%, FEV(1)/FVC and PaO(2) (r(s)=-0.193, -0.202, -0.164, -0.177, P<0.05) , PLR was significantly negatively correlated with FVC%, FEV(1)%, FEV(1)/FVC and PaO(2) (r(s)=-0.194, -0.193, -0.106, -0.113, P<0.05) . Multiple linear regression analysis showed that LMR in pneumoconiosis patients was positively related with FVC%, FEV(1)% and PaO(2) (P<0.05) . Conclusion: LMR in patients with pneumoconiosis has a certain correlation with lung function and blood gas analysis, LMR is expected to become a sensitive indicator for evaluating pneumoconiosis.


Asunto(s)
Neumoconiosis , Volumen Espiratorio Forzado , Humanos , Masculino , Pruebas de Función Respiratoria , Estudios Retrospectivos , Capacidad Vital
3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(13): 4545, 2022 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35856341

RESUMEN

The article "MicroRNA-132 stimulates the growth and invasiveness of trophoblasts by targeting DAPK-1, by Y.-P. Wang, P. Zhao, J.-Y. Liu, S.-M. Liu, Y.-X. Wang, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (19): 9837-9843-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202010_23193-PMID: 33090386" has been retracted by the authors due to some inaccuracies in the miRNA-132 primer sequence. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/23193.

4.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35866276

RESUMEN

Objective: To report the experience of the application of internal carotid artery stent in skull base surgery, and to clarify the important role of internal carotid artery stent in skull base surgery. Methods: A retrospective study of 22 cases with skull base neoplasms implanted with internal carotid artery stents in the Department of ENT Head and Neck Surgery at the Sixth People's Hospital affiliated with Shanghai Jiao Tong University between July 2019 and January 2021 was conducted. Among them, 17 were male and 5 were female, aged between 33 and 75 years. There were 5 cases on the left, 16 cases on the right, and 1 case on both sides. Of these, there were 4 cases of jugular paraganglioma, 1 case of chondrosarcoma in the jugular foramen, 1 case of carotid body paraganglioma, and 16 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy. Results: The degree of internal carotid artery erosion was assessed by computed tomography angiography (CTA), magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) images in 22 patients before surgery. It was found that the internal carotid artery was involved to varying degrees in all patients, so internal carotid artery stents were implanted before surgery. Tumor tissue was found to surround the internal carotid artery to varying degrees. Total or subtotal tumor resection was performed in all patients, and no intraoperative and postoperative complications occurred. The postoperative follow-up was 5 months to 2 years, and all patients had no complications such as spontaneous bleeding and pseudo aneurysm. There were no signs of stenosis or occlusion of the internal carotid artery stent segment in all cases. Conclusions: For patients with skull base tumors, preoperative imaging indicates the limited involvement of the internal carotid artery, and internal carotid artery stent implantation before surgery is a safe and effective treatment.


Asunto(s)
Arteria Carótida Interna , Neoplasias de la Base del Cráneo , Adulto , Anciano , Arteria Carótida Interna/cirugía , China , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Base del Cráneo/patología , Base del Cráneo/cirugía , Neoplasias de la Base del Cráneo/patología , Neoplasias de la Base del Cráneo/cirugía , Stents
5.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(7): 640-649, 2022 Jul 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35899331

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the effects of methacrylic anhydride gelatin (GelMA) hydrogel loaded with silver and recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (rh-bFGF) on deep partial-thickness burn wounds in rabbits. Methods: The experimental research method was adopted. Low-concentration GelMA materials, medium-concentration GelMA materials and high-concentration GelMA materials containing different concentrations of methacrylic anhydride (MA) were prepared, after adding photoinitiator, low-concentration GelMA hydrogels, medium-concentration GelMA hydrogels, and high-concentration GelMA hydrogels were obtained, respectively. The nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was performed to detect the hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of the above-mentioned three concentrations of GelMA materials, and to calculate the degree of substitution according to the spectrum diagram. The three-dimensional microstructure and pore size of 3 types of above-mentioned GelMA hydrogels were detected by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), with 9 samples measured. According to the selected concentration of MA, ten kinds of solutions of GelMA with different concentration of silver (silver-containing GelMA) were synthesized, and the silver-containing GelMA solution of each concentration was divided into three parts, and then exposed to ultraviolet light lasting for 20, 25, and 35 s, respectively. After adding photoinitiator,the corresponding silver-containing GelMA hydrogels were obtained. The residual degradation rate of silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with different photocrosslinking times was detected by collagenase degradation method at degradation of 12, 24, 36, and 48 h; and the time required for complete degradation was detected, and the sample number was 5. The inhibition zone diameter of GelMA hydrogel under above screened photocrosslinking times containing 10 concentrations of silver against Staphylococcus aureus was measured to reflect its antibacterial ability, and the sample numbers were all 5. The silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with statistical significance compared with the antibacterial circle diameter of the silver-containing GelMA hydrogel containing the lowest concentration (no silver) was considered as having antibacterial activity. The three-dimensional microstructure and pore size of the silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with antibacterial activity and the lowest drug concentration selected were detected by FESEM, and the sample numbers were all 9. The freeze-dried alone GelMA hydrogel and the freeze-dried silver-containing GelMA hydrogel were soaked in phosphate buffer solution for 24 h, respectively, then the swelling rate of the two GelMA hydrogel were calculated and compared by weighing method, and the sample number was 5. GelMA hydrogel containing silver and rh-bFGF, namely compound hydrogel for short, was prepared according to the preliminary experiment and the above experimental results. The appearance of the composite hydrogel was observed in general, and its three-dimensional microstructure and pore size were detected by FESEM. The deep partial-thickness burn wound was made on the back of 30 rabbits (aged 4-6 months, female half and half). Meanwhile, with the rabbit head as the benchmark, the wounds on the left side of the spine were treated as composite hydrogel treatment group, and the wounds on the right side were treated as gauze control group, and which were treated accordingly. On post injury day (PID) 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28, the healing of wounds in the two groups was observed. On PID 7, 14, 21, and 28, the wound healing area was recorded and the healing rate was calculated, with a sample number of 30. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, and independent sample t test. Results: The substitution degree among low-concentration GelMA materials, medium-concentration GelMA materials, and high-concentration GelMA materials was significantly different (F=1 628.00, P<0.01). The low-concentration GelMA hydrogel had a loose and irregular three-dimensional spatial network structure with a pore size of (60±17) µm; the medium-concentration GelMA hydrogel had a relatively uniform three-dimensional spatial network and pore size with a pore size of (45±13) µm; the high-concentration GelMA hydrogel had the dense and disordered three-dimensional spatial network with a pore size of (25±15) µm, the pore sizes of 3 types of GelMA hydrogels were significantly differences (F=12.20, P<0.01), and medium concentration of MA was selected for the concentration of subsequent materials. The degradability of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with different concentrations of the same photocrosslinking time was basically same. The degradation residual rates of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with 20, 25, and 35 s crosslinking time at 12 h were (74.2±1.7)%, (85.3±0.9)%, and (93.2±1.2)%, respectively; the residual rates of degradation at 24 h were (58.3±2.1)%, (65.2±1.8)%, and (81.4±2.6)%, respectively; the residual rates of degradation at 36 h were (22.4±1.9)%, (45.2±1.7)%, and (68.1±1.4)%, respectively; the residual rates of degradation at 48 h were (8.2±1.7)%, (32.4±1.3)%, and (54.3±2.2)%, respectively, and 20, 25, and 30 s photocrosslinking time required for complete degradation of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels were (50.2±2.4), (62.4±1.4), and (72.2±3.2) h, and the difference was statistically significant (F=182.40, P<0.01), 25 s were selected as the subsequent photocrosslinking time. The antibacterial diameters of 10 types of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels against Staphylococcus aureus from low to high concentrations were (2.6±0.4), (2.5±0.4), (3.2±0.4), (12.1±0.7), (14.8±0.7), (15.1±0.5), (16.2±0.6), (16.7±0.5), (16.7±0.4), and (16.7±0.6) mm, respectively, and which basically showed a concentration-dependent increasing trend, and the overall difference was statistically significant (F=428.70, P<0.01). Compared with the silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with the lowest concentration, the antibacterial circle diameters of other silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with antibacterial ability from low to high concentration were significantly increased (with t values of 26.35, 33.84, 43.65, 42.17, 49.24, 55.74, and 43.72, respectively, P<0.01). The silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with the antibacterial diameter of (12.1±0.7) mm had the lowest antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and the lowest drug loading concentration, and the concentration of silver was selected for the concentration of subsequent materials. The microscopic morphology of the silver-containing GelMA hydrogel containing silver element with a pore size of (45±13) µm had a regular and linear strip-like structure. After soaking for 24 h, the swelling ratio of silver-containing GelMA hydrogel was similar to that of alone GelMA hydrogel. The composite hydrogel was colorless, clear and transparent, and its three-dimensional microstructure was a regular and uniform grid, with a filament network structure inside, and the pore size of (40±21) µm. On PID 3, a large amount of necrotic tissue and exudate of rabbit wound in composite hydrogel group were observed, and scattered scabs, a small amount of necrotic tissue and exudate of rabbit wound in gauze control group were observed. On PID 7, the area of rabbit wound in composite hydrogel group was significantly reduced, and adhesion of rabbit wound and gauze in gauze control group was observed. On PID 14, In composite hydrogel group, the rabbit wound surface was ruddy, and the growth of granulation tissue was observed, and in gauze control group, the rabbit wound base was pale, and the blood supply was poor. On PID 21, the rabbit wounds in composite hydrogel group healed completely, and rabbit wound in gauze control group had healing trend. On PID 28, new hair could be seen on rabbit wound surface in composite hydrogel group; oval wound of rabbit in gauze control group still remained. On PID 7, 14, 21, and 28, the wound healing areas of rabbit in composite hydrogel group were significantly larger than those in gauze control group (with t values of 2.24, 4.43, 7.67, and 7.69, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions: The medium-concentration GelMA hydrogel has good physical and chemical properties in terms of swelling and degradability. The screened silver-containing GelMA hydrogels had the lowest antibacterial activity and the lowest drug loading concentration. Composite hydrogel can significantly shorten the healing time of deep partial-thickness burn wounds in rabbits.


Asunto(s)
Quemaduras , Infecciones Estafilocócicas , Anhídridos , Animales , Antibacterianos , Quemaduras/tratamiento farmacológico , Femenino , Factor 2 de Crecimiento de Fibroblastos , Gelatina/farmacología , Humanos , Hidrogeles/farmacología , Conejos , Proteínas Recombinantes , Staphylococcus aureus
6.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 60(8): 784-791, 2022 Jun 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35790532

RESUMEN

Due to the lack of effective early diagnosis and treatment, gallbladder cancer(GBC) remains a malignant tumor with extremely high malignancy and poor prognosis. Therefore, high quality studies are required to break through the bottleneck in GBC diagnosis and treatment. This article reviewed the domestic and foreign GBC research published in 2021, presenting a comprehensive summary of the important advances in the field of clinical diagnosis and treatment. Latest epidemiological data and risk factors, emerging diagnostic methods of peripheral blood laboratory tests and imaging, new pathologic classification system, hot topics and controversies of surgical treatment as well as the dynamics of systemic treatment of GBC are reviewed in the article. The present findings may contribute to a more efficient means of diagnosis and treatment for GBC and hold the promise of improved outcomes for patients with GBC.

7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(7): 902-911, 2022 Jul 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35899341

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the effects of exposure to ambient fine particulate matter-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on blood coagulation in adults. Methods: A total of 73 adult volunteers were recruited in a cohort study and had four clinical visits from November 2014 to January 2016. Blood samples were obtained and used to measure biomarkers of blood thrombogenicity, including soluble CD40 Ligand (sCD40L), soluble P-selection (sCD62P) and Fibrinogen (FIB). White blood cell (WBC), 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and HDL cholesterol efflux capacity (HDL-CEC) were also determined. Daily concentrations of ambient fine particulate matter-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were measured throughout the study period, and positive matrix factorization (PMF) approach was used to identity PAHs sources. Linear mixed-effect models including single-pollutant model, two-pollutant model and stratification analysis were constructed to estimate the effects of exposure to ambient fine particulate matter-bound PAHs on blood thrombogenicity in adults after adjusting for potential confounders. Results: The mean age of participants was (23.3±5.4) years. During the study period, the median level of PM2.5-bound PAHs was (55.29±74.99) ng/m3. Six sources of PM2.5-bound PAHs were identified by PMF, with traffic sources contributing more than 50%. The linear mixed-effect model showed that PAHs exposure had a significant effect on elevated blood thrombogenicity. Significant elevations in sCD40L, sCD62P and FIB associated with per IQR increase (60.33 ng/m3) in exposure to PAHs were 14.36% (95%CI:6.94%-22.28%), 9.33% (95%CI: 1.71%-17.51%) and 2.07% (95%CI:0.44%-2.07%) at prior 5 days, respectively. Blood thrombogenicity levels were significantly and positively correlated with source-specific PAHs, especially gasoline vehicle emissions, diesel vehicle emission and coal burning at prior 1 or 5 days. Stronger associations between PAHs and increased blood thrombogenicity were found in participants with high plaque vulnerability, reduced HDL function, and high levels of inflammation and oxidative stress. Conclusion: Acute exposure to ambient fine particulate matter-bound PAHs, especially PAHs from traffic sources may promote blood thrombogenicity in adults, and PAHs have stronger effects on participants with reduced vascular function and high levels of inflammation and oxidative stress.


Asunto(s)
Contaminantes Atmosféricos , Hidrocarburos Policíclicos Aromáticos , 8-Hidroxi-2'-Desoxicoguanosina , Adolescente , Adulto , Contaminantes Atmosféricos/efectos adversos , Contaminantes Atmosféricos/análisis , Estudios de Cohortes , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Humanos , Inflamación , Metaloproteinasa 2 de la Matriz/análisis , Material Particulado/análisis , Emisiones de Vehículos/análisis , Adulto Joven
8.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 24(7): 1311-1321, julio 2022. graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-203830

RESUMEN

PurposeOral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most frequent type of oral cancer and is associated with high mortality. Membrane-associated ring-CH type finger 1 (MARCH1) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase with roles in immune regulation and cancer development. Whether MARCH1 has a specific role in OSCC, and if so through what mechanism, has not been explored.MethodsImmunohistochemistry was performed to examine MARCH1 expression in OSCC clinical samples and adjacent paracancerous tissues. Quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were conducted to determine mRNA expression and protein levels, respectively. Knockdown and overexpression experiments were carried out to evaluate the effects of MARCH1 on proliferation and apoptosis. To test protein–protein interaction, co-immunoprecipitation assay was performed. Finally, tumor cell grafting was utilized to test the function of MARCH in vivo.ResultsHigh MARCH1 expression in OSCC clinical samples correlated with poor patient prognosis. Functionally, MARCH1 knockdown in OSCC cells suppressed proliferation and promoted apoptosis, while MARCH1 overexpression displayed the opposite effects. We identified PH Domain And Leucine Rich Repeat Protein Phosphatase (PHLPP) 2 as an important target of MARCH1. Mechanistically, MARCH1 interacted with PHLPP2 and promoted PHLPP2 ubiquitination. Lastly, MARCH1 knockdown suppressed OSCC tumorigenicity in vivo and increased PHLPP2 protein level.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Apoptosis , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patología , Línea Celular Tumoral , Movimiento Celular/genética , Proliferación Celular , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello , Fosfoproteínas Fosfatasas/genética , Fosfoproteínas Fosfatasas/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas Fosfatasas/farmacología , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeza y Cuello , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Neoplasias de la Boca/patología
9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(12): 4244-4251, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35776023

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: There are generally two categories of interspinous stabilization devices widely used in clinics: (1) Static spacing systems, such as X-STOP, Wallis. (2) Dynamic stabilization systems, such as Coflex, DIAM, stenofix. However, with the advancement of minimally invasive techniques, interspinous stabilization devices paced through percutaneous minimally invasive approach have been invented and applied in daily clinic. Its advantages, such as simple operation, small trauma and short hospitalization time are gradually recognized by doctors and patients. Percutaneous minimally invasive approach will become the future direction in the field of interspinous stabilization devices. This paper therefore reviewed the current clinical research progress of interspinous stabilization devices performed under percutaneous minimally invasive approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched studies related to percutaneously placed lumbar interspinous stabilization devices from PubMed, since January 1, 2007. RESULTS: The main types and characteristics of currently used and percutaneously placed interspinous stabilization devices were summarized. Meanwhile, clinical studies relevant to currently used and percutaneously placed interspinous stabilization devices were also summarized. CONCLUSIONS: The future of interspinous stabilization devices is bright, we would like to see more advanced and newly invented percutaneously placed interspinous stabilization devices, meanwhile, it is fundamentally crucial to enroll more clinical studies with long-term follow-up to determine the best indications for each device therefore to achieve more satisfactory clinical outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Instituciones de Atención Ambulatoria , Médicos , Hospitalización , Humanos
10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(12): 4535-4544, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35776055

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The pandemic of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues, and SARS-CoV-2 variants continue to emerge. In addition to typical fever and respiratory symptoms, many patients with COVID-19 experience a variety of neurological complications. In this review, we analyzed and reviewed the current status and possible mechanisms between COVID-19 and several typical neurodegenerative diseases, particularly Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, hoping to propose the potential direction of further research and concern. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic literature search of the databases (Medline/PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar). The keywords used were COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, neurodegenerative disease, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The retrieved relevant articles were reviewed and critically analyzed. RESULTS: SARS-CoV-2 is a highly neuroinvasive neurotropic virus that invades cells through angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor-driven pathway. SARS-CoV-2 neuroinvasion, neuroinflammation, and blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction may contribute to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. CONCLUSIONS: Some patients with neurodegenerative diseases have already shown more susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection and significantly higher mortality due to the elderly population with underlying diseases. Moreover, SARS-CoV-2 could cause damage to the central nervous system (CNS) that may substantially increase the incidence of neurodegenerative diseases and accelerate the progression of them.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Alzheimer , Esclerosis Amiotrófica Lateral , COVID-19 , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas , Enfermedad de Parkinson , Anciano , Humanos , Peptidil-Dipeptidasa A/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(6): 426-434, 2022 Jun 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35775250

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the rationality of nerve-plane sparing radical hysterectomy (NPSRH) for cervical cancer by observing the anatomical and histological characteristics of pelvic autonomic plane based on fresh cadaver. Methods: From October 2015 to September 2020, 14 fresh female cadavers were anatomically and histologically studied in the Laboratory of Anatomy and Embryology Department, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. The median age of the specimens was 79 years (range: 67 to 92 years). Twenty-eight hemi-pelvic specimens were obtained from 14 fresh female cadavers. NPSRH procedures were simulated in 8 hemi-pelvic cavities to prove its feasibility. Detailed dissection was conducted to recognize nerve plane and to observe the distribution of pelvic nerves in 10 hemipelvis. In the other 10 hemipelvis, whole parametrium tissue was taken from the crossing of ureter and the uterine artery to the ureterovesical entrance and be embedded, then continuous section was performed, and was stained by hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE) to observe the relationship of nerves and vessels. Immunohistochemical staining of S100, tyrosine dehydrogenase (TH), and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) were performed to count and distinguish sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves, respectively. Results: (1) The pelvic autonomic nerve-plane was completely preserved in 7 of 8 hemipelvis by simulating NPSRH. (2) After detailed dissection in 10 hemipelvis, it was found that hypogastric nerve, pelvic splanchnic nerve, and their confluence of inferior hypogastric plexus were distributed in a planar statelocating in the ureteral mesentery and its caudal extension. This nerve plane showed a cross relationship with deep uterine vein and its branches. The bladder branches and vesical venous plexus were closely related to the inferior hypogastric plexus. The middle vesical vein and inferior vesical vein were intact in 7 of 10 hemipelvis, and either vesical vein was missing in 3 of them. It was observed that the vesical venous plexus communicated with the deep uterine vein trunk on the medial side of the nerve plane in 6 hemipelvis, while flowed into the deep uterine vein on the lateral side of the nerve plane in 2 hemipelvis, and in the other 2 hemipelvis it directly flowed into the internal iliac vein. (3) It was revealed that autonomic nerves were continuously distributed beneath the ureteral with sagittal plane by HE staining. The average nerve content below the ureteral width was 70.9% of the total in nerve plane by S100 staining. TH and VIP staining showed that the average number of sympathetic fibers was 13.5 and parasympathetic fibers was 8.2, reminding sympathetic predominated. Conclusion: Pelvic autonomic nerves are mainly distributed within the mesangial plane below the ureter, which provides an anatomic justification for NPSRH.


Asunto(s)
Plexo Hipogástrico , Pelvis , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Vías Autónomas/anatomía & histología , Cadáver , Femenino , Humanos , Plexo Hipogástrico/anatomía & histología , Histerectomía/métodos
12.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 60(7): 680-687, 2022 Jul 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35775261

RESUMEN

Objective: To examine the characteristics of blood lipid profile and the correlation with clinic-pathological features of pancreatic cancer patients. Methods: The clinical and pathological data of 265 pancreatic cancer patients who received radical surgical treatment at Department of General Surgery,Qilu Hospital,Shandong University from January 2013 to September 2020 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Among the 265 pancreatic cancer patients,there were 170 males and 95 females,with age of (61.0±9.6)years(range:28 to 86 years). General information,lipid indicators and clinic-pathological information were collected from electronic medical record system,and follow-up information gained by telephone. According to level of serum lipid in pancreatic cancer patients,265 patients were divided into dyslipidemia group(n=115) and normal lipid group(n=150). Pearson χ2,Student's t tests, variance analysis or univariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between dyslipidemia and clinico-pathological characteristics of pancreatic cancer,respectively. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to assessed the influence of dyslipidemia on prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients. Results: In 265 pancreatic cancer patients,115(43.4%)of them had dyslipidemias,and the most common form was increase of triglyceride(TG)(72.2%). In pancreatic cancer with dyslipidemias group,patients with body mass index ≥25 kg/m2 had higher proportion than normal lipid group(36.1%(26/72) vs. 21.2%(21/99),χ²=4.643,P=0.031); The proportion of carcinoma located at head of pancreas(83.5%(96/115) vs. 40.7%(61/150),χ²=49.412,P<0.01), staging of T1/T2(79.1%(91/115) vs. 60.7%(91/150),χ²=10.316,P<0.01) and lymphatic metastasis(36.5%(42/115) vs. 22.7%(34/150),χ²=6.007,P<0.01) were higher. In patients of pancreatic cancer, dyslipidemias were closely associated with tumor location(OR=10.529,P<0.01)and body mass index(OR=3.671,P=0.008). Serum lipid profile results showed that TG,total cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein(HDL) disorders were associated with tumor location(P<0.05). TG disorder had association with body mass index(P<0.05), and HDL disorder had association with tumor stage(P<0.05). Moreover, the result of survival analysis showed that dyslipidemia was not a factor to impact the prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients underwent surgery(P>0.05). Conclusions: In pancreatic cancer patients,TG disorder was the most common type of dyslipidemia. Dyslipidemia has closely association with clinicopathologic features,including tumor location,body mass index,tumor stage. However,dyslipidemia had little effect on prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients.


Asunto(s)
Dislipidemias , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , HDL-Colesterol , LDL-Colesterol , Femenino , Humanos , Lípidos , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Triglicéridos
13.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2022 Jul 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35809195

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Lateral lymph node metastasis (LLNM) has been considered a risk factor of recurrence in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). Preoperative detecting LLNM accurately is difficult. Solitary lateral lymph node metastasis is a special type of LLNM. We aimed to develop nomograms for predicting LLNM and multiple lateral lymph node metastasis (MLLNM). METHODS: We retrospectively retrieved 528 classic PTC patients that underwent surgery between March 2019 and May 2020. Sonographic and clinicopathological features were collected. Risk factors of LLNM and MLLNM were determined by univariate and multivariate analysis. Nomograms for predicting LLNM and MLLNM were developed. RESULTS: LLNM was independently associated with tumor size, the number of foci, location, margin, central lymph node metastasis, and lymph node ratio. Independent predictors of MLLNM were age, margin, and the number of metastatic lymph nodes in central compartment. By using above variables, we constructed nomograms for predicting LLNM and MLLNM, with area under curves of 0.864 and 0.748, respectively. CONCLUSION: Through these accurate and easy-to-use nomograms, we can detect the risk of residual LLNM postoperatively for classic PTC patients who did not receive lateral neck dissection and provide an individualized plan for postoperative management of classic PTC patients.

14.
Clin Radiol ; 77(8): 577-583, 2022 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35753814

RESUMEN

AIM: To compare the efficacy between contact aspiration thrombectomy and stent retriever thrombectomy in the treatment of acute embolic stroke patients with large vessel occlusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2019 and June 2020, data from consecutive acute ischaemic stroke patients who underwent either endovascular contact aspiration or stent retriever thrombectomy were analysed at one institution. The primary outcome was the full 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score. Ordinal logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association between thrombectomy approach and functional outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 156 patients were analysed. Among them, 57 (36.5%) patients underwent primary aspiration thrombectomy, while 99 (63.5%) patients underwent primary stent retriever thrombectomy. The median procedure time was significantly shorter in patients treated with aspiration (37 versus 56 minutes; p<0.001). Compared with those of patients who underwent stent retriever thrombectomy, successful recanalisation rates and favourable functional outcome rates were higher in patients who underwent the aspiration approach (94.7% versus 77.8%, p=0.006; 49.1% versus 27.3%, p=0.006, respectively). Ordinal logistic regression analysis showed that aspiration thrombectomy was independently associated with a good functional outcome (adjusted common odds ratio, 0.30, 95% confidence interval: 0.16-0.60, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Among the specific patients with large vessel occlusion in acute embolic stroke, the use of aspiration thrombectomy compared with stent retriever thrombectomy resulted in a greater likelihood of favourable neurological outcomes; however, because of study limitations, these findings should be interpreted as preliminary and require further study to confirm these results.


Asunto(s)
Isquemia Encefálica , Accidente Cerebrovascular Embólico , Procedimientos Endovasculares , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Isquemia Encefálica/etiología , Procedimientos Endovasculares/métodos , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Stents/efectos adversos , Accidente Cerebrovascular/etiología , Trombectomía/métodos , Resultado del Tratamiento
15.
J Hosp Infect ; 127: 26-33, 2022 Jun 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35690267

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Since the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic, alcohol-based hand sanitizer dispensers (HSDs) have been installed in most public and clinical settings for hygiene purposes and convenient application. AIM: To determine whether sanitizer-tolerant bacterial pathogens can colonize HSDs, spreading diseases and antibiotic resistance. METHODS: Sampling was conducted from operational automatic HSDs, specifically the dispensing nozzle in direct contact with sanitizer. Culture-dependent cultivation of bacteria and MALDI-TOF were employed to assess microbiological contamination. Bacterial isolates were selected for rapid killing and biofilm eradication assays with alcohol treatment. Antibiotic minimum inhibitory concentration assays were performed according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines. Virulence potential of bacterial isolates was evaluated in the Caenorhadbitis elegans infection model. FINDINGS: Nearly 50% of HSDs from 52 locations, including clinical settings, food industry, and public spaces, contain microbial contamination at 103-106 bacteria/mL. Bacterial identification revealed Bacillus cereus as the most frequent pathogen (29%), while Enterobacter cloacae was the only Gram-negative bacterial pathogen (2%). Selecting B. cereus and E. cloacae isolates for further evaluation, these isolates and associated biofilms were found to be tolerant to alcohol with survival up to 70%. They possessed resistance to various antibiotic classes, with higher virulence than laboratory strains in the C. elegans infection model. CONCLUSION: HSDs serve as potential breeding grounds for dissemination of pathogens and antibiotic resistance across unaware users. Proper HSD maintenance will ensure protection of public health and sustainable use of sanitizing alcohols, to prevent emergence of alcohol-resistant pathogens.

16.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(3): 450-457, 2022 Jun 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701121

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of different screening strategies for type 2 diabetes to prevent cardiovascular disease in a community-based Chinese population from economically developed areas based on the Chinese electronic health records research in Yinzhou (CHERRY) study. METHODS: A Markov model was used to simulate different systematic diabetes screening strategies, including: (1) screening among Chinese adults aged 40-70 years recommended by the 2020 Chinese Guideline for the prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes (Strategy 1); (2) screening among Chinese adults aged 35 to 70 years recommended by the 2022 American Diabetes Association Standard of Medical Care in Diabetes (Strategy 2); and (3) screening among Chinese adults aged 35-70 years with overweight or obesity recommended by the 2021 United States Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on Screening for Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes (Strategy 3). According to the guidelines, individuals who were screened positively (fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L) would be introduced to intensive glycemic targets management (glycated hemoglobin < 7.0%).The Markov model simulated different screening scenarios for ten years (cycles) with parameters mainly from the CHERRY study or published literature. Number of cardiovascular disease events or deaths could be prevented and number needed to screen (NNS) were calculated to compare the effectiveness of the different strategies. One-way sensitivity analysis on the sensitivity of screening methods and probabilistic sensitivity analysis on uncertainties of diabetes incidence, the sensitivity of screening methods, and intensive glycemic management effects were conducted. RESULTS: Totally 289 245 Chinese adults aged 35-70 years without cardiovascular diseases or diagnosed diabetes at baseline were enrolled. In terms of the number of cardiovascular disease events could be prevented, Strategy 1 for systematic diabetes screening among the adults aged 35-70 years was 222 (95%UI: 180-264), Strategy 2 for systematic diabetes screening among the adults aged 40-70 years was 227 (95%UI: 185-271), and Strategy 3 for systematic diabetes screening among the adults aged 35-70 years with obesity or overweight (body mass index ≥ 24 kg/m2) was 131 (95%UI: 98-164), compared with opportunistic screening. NNS per cardiovascular disease event for the strategies 1, 2 and 3 were 1 184 (95%UI: 994-1 456), 1 274 (95%UI: 1 067-1 564) and 814 (95%UI: 649-1 091), respectively. Compared with Strategy 1, NNS per cardiovascular disease event for Strategy 2 increased by 90 (95%UI: -197-381) with similar effectiveness of cardiovascular prevention; however, NNS per cardiovascular disease event for Strategy 3 was reduced by 460 (95%UI: 185-724) in contrast to the Strategy 2, suggesting that the Strategy 3 was more efficient. The results were consistent in multiple sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSION: Systematic screening for diabetes based on the latest guidelines in economically developed areas of China can reduce cardiovascular events and deaths. However, merely lowering the starting age of screening from 40 to 35 years seems ineffective for preventing cardiovascular disease, while screening strategy for Chinese adults aged 35-70 years with overweight or obesity is recommended to improve efficiency.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Adulto , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/epidemiología , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/prevención & control , China/epidemiología , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevención & control , Humanos , Tamizaje Masivo/métodos , Obesidad , Sobrepeso , Estados Unidos
17.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(3): 458-467, 2022 Jun 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701122

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To select variables related to mortality risk of stroke patients in intensive care unit (ICU) through long short-term memory (LSTM) with attention mechanisms and Logistic regression with L1 norm, and to construct mortality risk prediction model based on conventional Logistic regression with important variables selected from the two models and to evaluate the model performance. METHODS: Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC)-Ⅳ database was retrospectively analyzed and the patients who were primarily diagnosed with stroke were selected as study population. The outcome was defined as whether the patient died in hospital after admission. Candidate predictors included demogra-phic information, complications, laboratory tests and vital signs in the initial 48 h after ICU admission. The data were randomly divided into a training set and a test set for ten times at a ratio of 8 ∶2. In training sets, LSTM with attention mechanisms and Logistic regression with L1 norm were constructed to select important variables. In the test sets, the mean importance of variables of ten times was used as a reference to pick out the top 10 variables in each of the two models, and then these variables were included in conventional Logistic regression to build the final prediction model. Model evaluation was based on the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. And the model performance was compared with the forward Logistic regression model which hadn't conducted variable selection previously. RESULTS: A total of 2 755 patients with 2 979 ICU admission records were included in the analysis, of which 526 recorded deaths. The AUC of Logistic regression model with L1 norm was statistically better than that of LSTM with attention mechanisms (0.819±0.031 vs. 0.760±0.018, P < 0.001). Age, blood glucose, and blood urea nitrogen were at the top ten important variables in both of the two models. AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of Logistic regression models were 0.85, 85.98%, 71.74% and 74.26%, respectively. And the final prediction model was superior to forward Logistic regression model. CONCLUSION: The variables selected by Logistic regression with L1 norm and LSTM with attention mechanisms had good prediction performance, which showed important implications on the mortality prediction of stroke patients in ICU.


Asunto(s)
Memoria a Corto Plazo , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Modelos Logísticos , Pronóstico , Curva ROC , Estudios Retrospectivos
18.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(5): 595-600, 2022 May 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644973

RESUMEN

Objective: To compare the immunogenicity of three kinds immunization programs with poliovirus vaccine. Methods: Healthy infants aged 2 months or over were selected and divided into three groups by complete randomization method. Basic immunization with Sabin inactivated poliovirus vaccine(sIPV) and bivalent oral poliovirus vaccine(bOPV) were completed. Three kinds of basic immunization procedures were 1sIPV+2bOPV,2sIPV+1bOPV and 3sIPV, respectively.Two qualified serums that before basic immunization and 28-42 days later were collected, and measured the poliovirus neutralizing antibody with microcell neutralization method. To compare the difference by analysis of variance, rank test and χ2 test. Results: After the basic immunization, 205 subjects of the positive conversion rate of poliovirus neutralizing antibodies of types Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲwere all higher than 97.00%, and the positive rates were all higher than 98.00%, the geometric mean titer (GMT) of neutralizing antibody was significantly higher than that before basic immunization in three groups.There were significant differences in the positive rate and GMT before and after basic immunization of typeⅠ, Ⅱand Ⅲ in the three (P<0.05). The highest GMT in three groups after basic immunization were all typeⅠ, followed by type Ⅲ, and the lowest in type Ⅱ. The GMT of type Ⅱin 2sIPV+1bOPV and 3sIPV groups were both higher than that in sIPV+2bOPV group. Conclution: After three kinds of basic immunization, the poliovirus neutralizing antibodies of serum were all at high levels in three groups, which could form an effective immune barrier against poliovirus. The immunogenicity of three kinds of basic immunization programs were all well, but there were certain differences of neutralizing antibodies among three kinds basic immunization programs. The immunogenicity in 2sIPV+1bOPV and 3sIPV groups against typeⅡpoliovirus were better than that in 1sIPV+2bOPV group.


Asunto(s)
Vacuna Antipolio Oral , Poliovirus , Anticuerpos Neutralizantes , Anticuerpos Antivirales , Humanos , Esquemas de Inmunización , Lactante , Vacuna Antipolio de Virus Inactivados
19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(23): 1741-1746, 2022 Jun 21.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35705477

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the application value of spectral CT multi-parameter imaging in preoperative assessment the status of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) and perineural invasion (PNI) in patients with gastric cancer. Methods: A total of 62 patients who underwent energy spectral CT and with pathology confirmed gastric cancer in Lanzhou Uiversity Second Hospital from September 2020 to September 2021 were retrospectively collected, which including 46 males and 16 females, aged from 36 to 71 (57.5±9.1) years. According to the presence or absence of LVI/PNI in postoperative pathological results, they were divided into the positive group (42 cases) and the negative group (20 cases). The CT values of 40 keV and 70 keV (CT40 keV, CT70 keV), iodine concentration (IC), normalized iodine concentration (NIC) were measured in the arterial phase, the venous phase, and the delay phase, and the spectral curve slope of 40 keV to 70 keV (K(40-70)) and the combined parameters (the arterial phase: AP~all, the venous phase: VP~all, the delay phase: DP~all) were calculated. Spectral parameters between the positive and negative groups were compared, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) with the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, and optimal threshold were calculated for evaluating the diagnostic performance of each parameter. Results: The CT40 keV, CT70 keV, K(40-70), IC, and NIC in the arterial phase and the venous phase and the CT70 keV and NIC in the delay phase of the LVI/PNI-positive group were all higher than those of the negative group [the representative parameters: the arterial phase NIC 0.14±0.04 vs 0.12±0.04, the venous phase NIC 0.5(0.5, 0.6) vs 0.4(0.4, 0.5), the delay phase NIC 0.6±0.1 vs 0.5±0.1, all P<0.05]. ROC curve analysis showed that the diagnostic efficacy of the parameters of the venous phase is better than that of the arterial phase and the delay phase, and the diagnostic efficiency of the combined parameters is better than that of the individual parameters. The AUC value, sensitivity, and specificity of the most optimal parameter VP~all of the venous phase were 0.931(95%CI:0.872-0.990), 80.95%, and 95.00%, respectively. Conclusions: In the preoperative evaluation the status of the LVI and PNI in gastric cancer, the diagnostic efficacy in the venous phase parameters is better than that in the arterial phase and delay phase, and the diagnostic efficacy of combined parameters is better than that of individual parameters.


Asunto(s)
Yodo , Neoplasias Gástricas , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Curva ROC , Estudios Retrospectivos , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X/métodos
20.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(6): 804-810, 2022 Jun 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35725333

RESUMEN

Tobacco use is the leading preventable risk factor causing the global burden of disease and one of China's most significant public health issues. Continuous and dynamic tobacco monitoring can provide critical index data for developing tobacco control strategies and measures and evaluating the impact of tobacco control. The WHO has incorporated monitoring programs into the crucial content of tobacco control and put forward relevant compliance requirements in the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). The Chinese government has actively promoted tobacco control significantly since the entry into force of the FCTC in China and continuously strengthened tobacco monitoring. In 2021, China's tobacco monitoring was honored to have reached the highest level required by the WHO. This study introduces the sampling design of tobacco surveys, monitoring content, the definition of key indicators and data weighting based on a complex sampling design, analyzing the challenges facing in the current setting, and provides a reference for the understanding and utilization of the data, the comparison of the results, and the future development of tobacco monitoring. The surveys involved in this study will focus on the specialized epidemiological surveys of tobacco for adults and adolescents carried out nationwide.


Asunto(s)
Epidemias , Tabaco , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiología , Humanos , Salud Pública , Prevención del Hábito de Fumar , Uso de Tabaco/epidemiología , Organización Mundial de la Salud
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