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1.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(1): 6-8, 2020 Jan 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023690

RESUMEN

The concept of precancerous lesions was first proposed in 1948. With the progress of animal models, genetic analysis, clinical pathology, and imaging studies, precancerous lesions have received much attention, and the reversion of precancerous lesions has also attracted widespread concern. Precancerous lesions are not cancers, nor are they early stages of cancer. They are qualitatively different from cancers; precancerous lesions are only a small part of them which may develop into cancer. It is of great significance to pay attention to the management of diagnosis and treatment of precancerous lesions for the prevention, treatment and maintenance of people's physical and mental health.

2.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(10): 837-842, 2019 Oct 14.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775483

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the gene mutation spectrum, clinical features, and the factors of disease progression and prognosis in patients with essential thrombocytosis (ET) . Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 178 newly diagnosed ET patients admitted from February 1st, 2009 to November 1st, 2018. Results: Of the 178 patients, 89 were male and 89 female, and the median diagnosis age was 49.5 (3-86) years old. JAK2V617F, CALR and MPL mutations frequencies were 16.45% (1.67%-43.90%) , 40.00% (10.00%-49.15%) and 25.10% (25.00%-40.00%) , respectively. Compared with patients with CALR mutations, patients with JAK2V617F mutation had higher diagnosis age (P=0.035) , higher white blood cell count (P=0.040) , higher hemoglobin concentration (P=0.001) , and lower platelet count (P=0.002) , respectively. Of them, 47 patients (27.01%) developed thrombotic events before diagnosis, and 3 ones (1.72%) experienced thrombotic events after diagnosis. Multivariate analysis revealed age >60 years (P=0.013, OR=4.595, 95%CI 1.382-15.282) and cardiovascular risk factors (CVF) (P<0.001, OR=8.873, 95%CI 2.921-26.955) as risk factors for thrombotic events, CALR mutation (P=0.032, OR=0.126, 95%CI 0.019-0.838) as a protective factor for thrombotic events. Age >60 years (P=0.042, OR=4.045, 95%CI 1.053-15.534) was found to be a risk factor for the overall survival (OS) of ET patients. OS of age ≤60 years and age>60 years were calculated by Kaplan-Meier analysis to be (115.231±1.899) months and (83.291±4.991) months (χ(2)=6.406, P=0.011) , respectively. Conclusion: Age>60 years and CVF were risk factors for thrombotic event. CALR mutation was a protective factor for thrombotic event. Age >60 years was a risk factor for OS in ET patients.


Asunto(s)
Trombocitemia Esencial/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Calreticulina , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Janus Quinasa 2 , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Mutación , Receptores de Trombopoyetina , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto Joven
3.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 48(10): 784-790, 2019 Oct 08.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594043

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the histological features and prognostic factors of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL). Methods: The pathological data of 62 patients with AITL with complete follow-up information were retrospectively collected and analyzed from Changhai Hospital during September 2012 and September 2017. Histological and immunohistochemical (IHC) examination, in situ hybridization (ISH), and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) gene mutation analysis were done. Subgroup evaluation with histology, IHC, ISH, SNP gene mutation, and association with clinical progression were performed. Results: The cohort included 62 cases of AITL, including 46 males and 16 females patients, with a median age of 64 years. Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) area showed significantly expansion (≥30%) in 40 cases; increased plasma cells (≥10%) was seen in 37 cases; B cells were distributed around blood vessels in 37 cases; and increased p53 mutation positive cells (≥40%) were seen in 39 cases; high Ki-67 index (≥40%) was seen in 39 cases; RHOA mutation was seen in 19 cases; TET2 mutation was seen in 9 cases. Overall survival analysis showed these factors were significantly correlated with tumor prognosis (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that CD38 positive cells<10%, Ki-67≥40%, RHOA and TET2 mutations were risk factors associated with overall survival. Conclusions: AITL could be divided into two different prognostic groups, low-grade and high-grade, with statistically significance outcome, based on the FDC area expansion, degree of plasma cell proliferation, B cells distribution pattern combined with gene mutations and clinical progression. Low-grade malignant group progresses slowly, and high-grade malignant group is highly invasive.


Asunto(s)
Linfadenopatía Inmunoblástica/patología , Linfoma de Células T/patología , Proteínas de Unión al ADN/genética , Células Dendríticas , Femenino , Humanos , Linfadenopatía Inmunoblástica/diagnóstico , Hibridación in Situ , Linfoma de Células T/diagnóstico , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Células Plasmáticas , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Pronóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas/genética , Estudios Retrospectivos , Proteína de Unión al GTP rhoA/genética
4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(9): 1099-1105, 2019 Sep 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594153

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the spatial distribution and both hot and cold spots of incidence on Brucellosis in Gansu province from 2013 to 2018. Methods: Based on data from the Infectious Disease Reporting Information System in China, data related to space-time distribution and both hot and cold spots of Brucellosis in Gansu province from 2013 to 2018 were analyzed, by using the ArcGIS 10.5 software and GeoDa 1.6 software. Results: The trend surface analysis showed that the incidence of Brucellosis decreased gradually from the northern to southern parts with slightly higher in the west than in the east of Gansu. Global spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that the Moran's I of Brucellosis in Gansu province from 2013 to 2018 were 0.242, 0.487, 0.424, 0.460, 0.427 and 0.468 (P<0.01), suggesting that the incidence of Brucellosis had spatial clustering features in Gansu province. Local global spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that the number of hot spots were declining in the eastern and north-central regions while the hot spots were increasing in the Hexi area (Wuwei, Zhangye, Jinchang and Jiuquan cities). The cold spots areas were mainly seen in the eastern, southeastern and south of central regions in Gansu province. Conclusions: The incidence of Brucellosis showed obviously spatial clustering characteristics in Gansu province. The number of hot spots were decreasing in the eastern and north of central regions while the hot spots were increasing in the Hexi area, suggesting that the prevention and control measures for Brucellosis should be further strengthened in these areas.


Asunto(s)
Brucelosis/epidemiología , China/epidemiología , Ciudades , Análisis por Conglomerados , Humanos , Análisis Espacial , Análisis Espacio-Temporal
5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(17): 7532-7542, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539143

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Gastric cancer is common, with a high mortality rate. Billroth I (B-I), Billroth II (B-II), and Roux-en-Y (R-Y) are the major reconstruction procedures after distal gastrectomy. In our study, we aimed to evaluate the functional recovery following the B-I, B-II, and R-Y reconstructions through a network meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched until April 2018. From the included studies, first oral-intake time, early complications, endoscopic finding, quality of life (QoL), and body weight changes were extracted as the short- and long-term outcomes of reconstructions. The network meta-analysis was performed with R 3.4.2 software as well as "gemtc" and "forestplot" packages. RESULTS: Our work included a total of 26 articles involving 6212 patients with gastric cancer. Network meta-analysis revealed that R-Y reconstruction has a lower risk and degree of residual gastritis and bile reflex than B-I and B-II reconstructions. However, no differences in first oral-intake time, complications, risk of reflux esophagitis, and residual food, QoL, and body weight changes existed among the three reconstructions. CONCLUSIONS: R-Y may be the appropriate reconstruction procedure after distal gastrectomy based on postoperative functional recovery. However, more reports with a large sample size are warranted to investigate its long-term outcomes.

6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(8): 947-952, 2019 Aug 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484259

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological and spatial-temporal distribution of Brucellosis, epidemic encephalitis B and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in Gansu province during 2014-2018 so as to provide evidence for the prevention and control of those diseases. Methods: A database was established in Gansu province from 2014 to 2018, using the geographical information system. A spatial distribution map was drawn, with trend analysis and space-time clustering used to study the 3-dimention of the diseases, by using both ArcGIS 10.5 and SaTScan 9.6 softwares. Results: Results from the trend surface analysis showed that the incidence of Brucellosis decreased gradually from north to south parts while the U type curve could reflect the distribution from the east to the west areas. Incidence of epidemic encephalitis B decreased significantly from south to north areas in the province, with incidence higher in the eastern than in the mid-west region. Difference on the incidence of HFRS was not significantly visible in the eastern and western regions, while the incidence was slightly higher in the southern than the northern parts of the province. Spatial and space-time clustering did exist among the 3 diseases in Gansu from 2014 to 2018. The areas with clusters of Brucellosis appeared in the eastern parts during 2014-2015, including 19 counties. The areas with secondary clusters of Brucellosis were seen in the Hexi district, including 4 counties, during 2017-2018. The areas with high incidence of epidemic encephalitis B were clustered in the middle and southeast areas, including 32 counties, during 2017-2018. Areas with most clusters of HFRS appeared in Min county of Dingxi city in 2018, with the areas of secondary clusters in 8 counties of the eastern areas in 2018. Conclusions: The overall incidence rates of the 3 natural focus diseases were in a upward trend and showing obvious characteristics on spatial clustering. According to the distributive characteristics, effective measures should be developed accordingly.


Asunto(s)
Brucelosis/epidemiología , Notificación de Enfermedades/estadística & datos numéricos , Encefalitis por Arbovirus/epidemiología , Fiebre Hemorrágica con Síndrome Renal/epidemiología , China/epidemiología , Ciudades , Análisis por Conglomerados , Monitoreo Epidemiológico , Humanos , Incidencia , Agrupamiento Espacio-Temporal , Análisis Espacial , Análisis Espacio-Temporal
7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(8): 615-623, 2019 Aug 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434454

RESUMEN

Objective: To validate whether the prognostic stage groups by the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system provides improved prognostic accuracy in T1-2N1M0 postmastectomy breast cancer patients compared to 7th edition. Methods: a total of 1 823 female patients with T1-2N1M0 breast cancer who underwent mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection without neoadjuvant chemotherapy were analyzed and restaged according to 8th edition. Univariate analysis of prognostic factors was evaluated by using log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was estimated by using the Cox proportional hazards model. The prognostic accuracy of the two staging systems was compared using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses and the concordance index (C-index). Results: 5-year locoregional recurrence rate (LRR) for the whole group was 6.0%, 5-year distant metastasis (DM) rate was 11.5%, 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 85.0%, and 5-year overall survival (OS) was 93.1%. Cox analysis showed that 7th edition of the AJCC staging system and progesterone receptor status were independent risk factors for LRR, DM, DFS and OS (P<0.05). Compared with stage by 7th edition, 1 278(70.1%) were assigned to a different prognostic stage group: 1 088 (85.1%) to a lower stage and 190 (14.9%) to a higher stage. LRR, DM, DFS and OS were significantly different between prognostic stage ⅠA, ⅠB, ⅡA, ⅡB and ⅢA according to 8th edition of the AJCC staging system(P<0.001). Prognostic stage had significantly higher C-indexes and provided better estimation of prognosis compared to stage by 7th edition of the AJCC staging system (P<0.001). Conclusion: The prognostic stage groups of 8th edition AJCC staging system has superior prognostic accuracy compared to 7th edition in T1-2N1M0 breast cancer, and has better clinical therapeutic guidance value.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Neoplasias de la Mama/cirugía , Mastectomía , Femenino , Humanos , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Pronóstico , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Estados Unidos
8.
Br Poult Sci ; 60(2): 169-175, 2019 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30722674

RESUMEN

1. This study determined the effects of (E)-3-(2-(4-(3-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)acryloyl)phenoxy)ethoxy)-5,7-dimethoxy-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (EDACO) on the differentiation of Gaoyou duck embryonic osteoclasts cultured in vitro. 2. Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNC) were collected from 23-d-old Gaoyou duck embryos and induced by macrophage colony-stimulating factor and receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand in the presence of EDACO at different concentrations (i.e. 10, 20, 40, 80 and 160 µM). Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining and resorption ability determination were conducted. 3. Results suggested that EDACO suppressed the shaping of positive multinucleated cells and the number of TRAP-positive cells in the 20, 40, 80 and 160 µM EDACO groups was significantly decreased (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Besides, the absorption activity of differentiated duck embryonic osteoclasts was significantly inhibited (P < 0.05) in both 80 and 160 µM EDACO groups. 4. Overall, EDACO can inhibit the differentiation of BM-MNC into mature osteoclasts in duck embryos.1.


Asunto(s)
Diferenciación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Patos/embriología , Embrión no Mamífero/efectos de los fármacos , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/fisiología , Animales , Células Cultivadas , Embrión no Mamífero/embriología
9.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(12): 1031-1034, 2019 Dec 14.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023736

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of eltrombopag in the treatment of pediatric primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) . Methods: The clinical characteristics of 23 pediatric ITP patients who received eltrombopag from May 2015 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Eltrombopag started with an initial dose of 12.5-50.0 mg/d and the maximum dose was 75.0 mg/d. Results: Among 23 children, there were 11 boys and 12 girls with median age 11.0 (2.0-17.0) years. Four cases were newly diagnosed ITP, the other 8 of persistent ITP and 11 of chronic ITP. The duration of eltrombopag application ranged from 4.5 to 95 weeks (8/23 still ongoing) . The median platelet (PLT) counts at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 3 months and the 6 months after treatment were 40 (4-170) ×10(9)/L, 20 (4-130) ×10(9)/L, 60 (4-110) ×10(9)/L, and 70 (18-160) ×10(9)/L, which were all significantly higher than that before treatment 14 (2-82) ×10(9)/L (z=-3.440, P=0.001; z=-1.964, P=0.049; z=-4.339, P<0.001;z=-5.794, P<0.001 respectively) . The overall response rate was 60.87% (14/23 cases) . The median time to PLT count ≥30×10(9)/L was 10.5 (3-42) days. Seven patients (30.43%) responded within the first week, and 10 cases (43.48%) achieved PLT counts ≥30×10(9)/L within 2 weeks. All patients were divided into three groups according to the age (<6 years old, 6-12 years old, 13-17 years old) . The response rates were similar in three groups, as 33.33%, 60.00%, 85.71%, respectively. WHO bleeding scores as 0, 1, 2 were corresponded to 4, 12 and 7 patients before treatment. Patient numbers changed to 13, 7, 3 with bleeding scores 0, 1, 2 respectively after treatment (χ(2)=7.558, P=0.006) . Eltrombopag was well tolerated, the common adverse events included elevated transaminase (4 cases) and serum bilirubin (4 cases) ; mild nausea (1 case) , vomiting (1 case) and dizziness (1 case) . No drug withdrawal occurred due to adverse events. Conclusion: Eltrombopag is safe and effective in pediatric patients with primary ITP.


Asunto(s)
Púrpura Trombocitopénica Idiopática , Adolescente , Benzoatos , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Hidrazinas , Masculino , Pirazoles , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
10.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 39(11): 942-946, 2018 Nov 14.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30486593

RESUMEN

Objective: To probe the incidence and risk factors for thrombosis in Chinese immune thrombocytopenia through a retrospective analysis of the inpatients referred to the Blood Disease Hospital, CAMS & PUMC. Methods: A retrospective survey of 3 225 patients with ITP from October 2005 to December 2017 was performed, the clinical data of the patients with thrombosis were collected to analyze the causes, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Results: A total of 46 patients experienced a thrombotic event with a prevalence of 1.43%(46/3 225 cases) with the median age of thrombosis as 54 years (26-83) years, the prevalence of thrombosis was 3.37% (40/1 187 cases) in>40 years old, which was significantly higher than 0.58% (6/1 030 cases) in those under 40 years old, in adults (P=0.00). There were 20 males and 26 females, there was no statistical difference in the incidence of thrombosis between males and females[1.53% (20/1 309) vs 1.36% (26/1 916), P=0.187]; The prevalence of arterial thrombosis was 1.12% (36/3 225) higher than venous thrombosis[0.22% (7/3 225), P=0.00]when 82.61%(38/46 cases) of patients with PLT<100×10(9)/L. Post-splenectomy are risk factors for thrombosis in ITP patients, P values was 0.022, There was no statistical difference in the presence or absence of thrombotic events whether received glucocorticoid or TPO/TPO-Ra treatment, the P values were 0.075 and 0.531, respectively. Conclusions: In Chinese population, ITP disease maybe with a higher risk of thrombosis, there was no positive correlation between thrombosis and platelet level; and had obvious age distribution characteristics. The history of tobacco, hypertension, diabetes and post-splenectomy are risk factors for thrombosis in ITP patients.


Asunto(s)
Púrpura Trombocitopénica Idiopática , Trombosis , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Trombosis/epidemiología
12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30248762

RESUMEN

Objective: To sample survey the relationship between acute mountain sickness and mental health of officers and soldiers, so as to provide theoretical direction for the psychological prevent and counsel of them. Methods: In May 2017, 61 officers and soldiers were selectedas subject investigated, and divided to AMS group included 35 persons and non-AMS group included 26 persons according to the finding of theAMS symptom division point table, then used symptom self-testing tableto test and evaluate the mental health of them. Results: The AMS group showed significantly higher scores on the psychological parameters such as omatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, phobicanxiety, parnoid ideation and so on (105.20±13.82, 1.37±0.26, 1.14±0.21, 1.16±0.19, 1.16±0.18, 1.06±0.11, 1.10±0.17, 1.22±0.19, P<0.05) . Conclusion: The mental factors of omatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, phobic anxiety, parnoid ideation and so on had great influence on AMS, we should pay attention to these factors and carry on mental intervention, and enhance anti-stress ability of individual, to ensure the successful completion of plateau military mission.


Asunto(s)
Mal de Altura , Salud Mental , Personal Militar/psicología , Enfermedad Aguda , Humanos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
13.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(8): 619-625, 2018 Aug 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30139034

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the overall efficacy of early breast cancer after breast-conserving treatment. To analyze risk factors affecting local regional recurrence (LRR), distant metastasis (DM) and survival. Methods: 1 791 breast cancer patients treated with breast-conserving surgery were retrospectively analyzed. The inclusion criteria were pathologic diagnosis of invasive breast cancer without supraclavicular and internal mammary node metastasis, T1-2N0-3M0, and no neoadjuvant therapy. Univariate analysis of survival was performed by Kaplan-Meier method and log rank test. Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: The median follow-up time was 4.2 years. For all patients, the 5-year LRR, DM, disease-free survival(DFS) and overall survival(OS) rates were 3.6%, 4.6%, 93.0% and 97.4%, respectively. The LRR rates of patients with Luminal A, Luminal B1, Luminal B2, HER-2 over-expressed and triple-negative breast cancer were 2.0%, 6.1%, 5.9%, 0 and 10.0%, while the DM rates were 3.2%, 6.7%, 8.3%, 4.8% and 7.3%, respectively. Among the N0 patients, axillary dissection was performed in 689 cases and sentinel lymph node biopsy in 652 cases. The 5-year LRR rates were 3.3% and 3.2% (P=0.859), and the OS rates were 98.2% and 98.3% (P=0.311) respectively, which showed no statistically significant. There were 1 576 patients that underwent postoperative radiotherapy. Postoperative radiotherapy significantly reduced the 5-year LRR compared with surgery alone (2.5% vs 12.9%). The 5-year LRR rates of patients who received conventional fractionated radiotherapy and hypo-fractionated radiotherapy were 2.7% and 3.1%, respectively. But the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.870). Multivariate analysis showed that age, lymphovascular invasion, pathological T staging, postoperative radiotherapy, ER/PR status and endocrine therapy were independent factors of LRR in breast cancer patients (all P<0.05). Histological grade and pathological N staging were independent factors of DM (all P<0.05). The age, lymphovascular invasion, pathological T and N staging, postoperative radiotherapy, ER/PR status and endocrine therapy were independent factors for DFS (all P<0.05). Histological grade, pathological N staging, ER/PR status and endocrine therapy were factors for OS (all P<0.05). Conclusions: With contemporary standard treatment, the recurrence rate of early breast cancer after breast conserving treatment is less than 10%. Node-negative patients after sentinel lymph node biopsy did not need axillary dissection. The overall utilization of radiotherapy after breast conserving surgery is satisfactory. Hypofractionated radiotherapy is as effective as conventional fractionated radiotherapy. Local regional recurrence and distant metastasis have different risk factors.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/cirugía , Mastectomía Segmentaria/mortalidad , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/mortalidad , Adulto , Anciano , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Neoplasias de la Mama/radioterapia , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Femenino , Humanos , Estimación de Kaplan-Meier , Escisión del Ganglio Linfático , Mastectomía Segmentaria/efectos adversos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Biopsia del Ganglio Linfático Centinela , Factores de Tiempo , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas/mortalidad , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas/patología , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas/radioterapia
14.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 39(6): 480-484, 2018 Jun 14.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30032565

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the applicability of Chinese disseminated intravascular coagulation scoring system (CDSS) in the diagnose of DIC in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients. Methods: Medical records of 220 APL patients diagnosed and receiving induction therapy in Blood Disease Hospital, CAMS & PUMC from January 2004 to February 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Each patient was evaluated by CDSS, the International Society of Thrombosis and Haemostais (ISTH) scoring system for overt DIC and Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare (JMHW) scoring system for overt DIC, respectively. Results: A total of 220 APL patients were enrolled in the study, with a median age of 38.5 (12-70) years, 114 male and 106 female. Among them, 173 were in the low-medium risk group, 47 high-risk group; 11 patients died during induction treatment. The positive rates of DIC diagnosed by CDSS criteria, ISHT criteria, JMHW criteria was 62.27%, 54.09%, 69.09%, respectively. The consistency rate of CDSS and ISTH in diagnosing DIC was 78.10%; the consistency rate of CDSS and JMHW was 88.32%. There was significant difference in PT, APTT, FIB, D-Dimer and FDP in DIC(+) and DIC(-) group by CDSS (all P<0.05), but patients in the DIC(+) group had lower level of D-Dimer than in the DIC(-) group [21.9(1.2-477.1) mg/L vs 26.3(0.6-488.7) mg/L, χ(2)=1.871, P=0.002] by ISTH, and there was not significant difference in APTT by JMHW [27.05(18.0-181.0) s vs 26.15(18.2-35.5) s, χ(2)=1.162, P=0.134]. In this study, both of the gender and age had no difference in the DIC (+) and DIC (-) group by CDSS. Univariate analysis showed that the level of WBC and the percent of abnormal promyelocytic cells in bone marrow when diagnosed were different in DIC (+) and DIC (-) group by CDSS (P<0.05). Multiple analysis showed the level of WBC (OR=3.525, 95% CI 1.875-6.629, P<0.001) was the only independent predictor in DIC diagnosis by CDSS. Conclusion: The sensitivity of diagnosing DIC by CDSS was higher than the ISTH; and the specificity was superior to JMHW. Using CDSS can help to make the DIC diagnosis and treatment in time for APL patients who with the coagulation abnormalities.


Asunto(s)
Coagulación Intravascular Diseminada , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Coagulación Sanguínea , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Adulto Joven
15.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(5): 352-358, 2018 May 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29860762

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the clinical features and prognosis of the ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) after breast conserving surgery. Methods: From 1999 to 2013, 63 women with IBTR after breast conserving surgery were retrospectively reviewed. All patients had adequate information on tumor location both at first presentation and at recurrence, with or without regional recurrence or distant metastasis. The histologic changes between true local recurrence and elsewhere recurrence groups were compared. The local recurrence, the overall survival after IBTR (IBTR-OS), the disease-free survival after IBTR (IBTR-DFS) were also compared. Results: All patients had undergone lumpectomy, including 38 cases with additional axillary lymph node dissection and 13 cases with sentinel lymph node biopsy. There were 11.3% (7/63) cases received neoadjuvant systemic therapy, 68.3% (43/63) had adjuvant radiotherapy, 60.3% (38/63) underwent adjuvant chemotherapy and 47.6% (30/63) received hormonal therapy. Forty-five cases (71.4%) had recurrence in the same quadrant, and 18 cases (28.6%) had elsewhere recurrence. Compared with histology at presentation, 10.3% of the patients (6/58) had different ones at recurrence and 28.9% of patients (13/45) had different molecular subtypes. The conversion rate of estrogen receptor status (33.3% vs 9.5%, P=0.012) and progesterone receptor status (56.3% vs 19.0%, P=0.005) in patients with elsewhere recurrence was significantly higher than that in patients with same quadrant recurrence. Fifty-nine cases had undergone surgery after IBTR, with 48 cases of secondary breast-conserving surgery and 11 cases of salvage mastectomy. The median time to IBTR of same quadrant recurrence and elsewhere recurrence groups were 26 months and 62 months (P=0.012), respectively. There were 84.4% and 44.4% cases who had local recurrence within 5 years after breast conserving surgery, respectively. Of all cases, the overall 5-year IBTR-OS and 5-year IBTR-DFS rates were 79.4% and 60.4%, respectively. There were no significant differences in 5-year IBTR-OS (77.4% vs. 83.6%, P=0.303) or 5-year IBTR-DFS (60.0% vs. 62.8%, P=0.780) between same quadrant recurrence and elsewhere recurrence groups. Univariate analysis showed that pN0-1 (P<0.001), luminal subtype (P=0.026), adjuvant endocrine therapy (P=0.007) at first presentation, recurrent tumor < 3 cm (P=0.036) and having surgery after IBTR(P=0.002) were favorable factors of IBTR-OS. pN0-1 (P<0.001) at first presentation, recurrent tumor stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ (P<0.001) and having surgery after IBTR(P=0.001) were favorable factors of IBTR-DFS. There was no significant difference between second breast-conserving surgery and salvage mastectomy in IBTR-OS and IBTR-DFS (P>0.05). Conclusions: The IBTR after breast conserving surgery mainly occurred at the original quadrant. Second breast-conserving surgery did not affect patient's prognosis. There were significant differences in biological features between the same quadrant recurrence and elsewhere recurrence, requiring different therapeutic strategies in the future.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/cirugía , Mastectomía Segmentaria , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Tratamientos Conservadores del Órgano/métodos , Neoplasias de Mama Unilaterales , Neoplasias de la Mama/mortalidad , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Neoplasias de la Mama/terapia , Quimioterapia Adyuvante , Terapia Combinada , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Femenino , Humanos , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/mortalidad , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/patología , Pronóstico , Radioterapia Ayuvante , Estudios Retrospectivos , Terapia Recuperativa , Factores de Tiempo , Neoplasias de Mama Unilaterales/mortalidad , Neoplasias de Mama Unilaterales/patología
16.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29764021

RESUMEN

Objective: To discuss the misdiagnosis of pyriform sinus fistula and to better understand this kind of illness. Methods: The analysis was based on twenty-eight patients with congenital pyriform sinus fistula aged from 11 months to 14 years, with the median age of 5 years, and who were surgically treated from January 2013 to January 2017 in Kunming Children's Hospital.Twenty patients were misdiagnosed in other hospital.After the routine examination of neck ultrasound and enhanced CT, internal fistula was found by self-retaining laryngoscope, traced by methylene blue, and excised by high ligation. Results: Twenty patients were misdiagnosed.The misdiagnosis time ranged from 6 months to 3 years.Under self-retaining laryngoscope, piriform fossa fistula were found in all patients.Nineteen fistula were found in the left and 1 in the right.The fistula in patients was unilateral.Seven cases were misdiagnosed as suppurative lymphadensitis, undergone abscess incisional drainage many times.Three cases were misdiagnosed as thyroglossal duct cyst and performed excision of thyroglossal duct cyst.One case was treated by extended Sistruck operation again because the doctor considered that excision of middle segment of hyoid bone was not enough and the fistula was not ligated completely.One case was misdiagnosed as second branchial cleft fistula on the right side of the neck.Nine cases were misdiagnosed as hyroid-associated diseases including 2 cases suppurative thyroiditis, 2 cases subacute thyroiditis and 5 cases thyroid neoplasms.Among them, 2 cases underwent partial thyroidectomy.All the patients were treated with high ligation of fistula under general anesthesia.The operation was smooth, and no hoarseness, bucking and pharyngeal fistula occurred after the operation.Postoperative follow-up time ranged from 12 months to 4 years and the median follow-up was 18 months without recurrence.The diagnosis was confirmed pathologically. Conclusions: Pyriform sinus fistula in children was uncommon and easily misdiagnosed in clinic.The majority of physician including some otolaryngologists were lack of understanding of the disease.It should be regarded as one of the important differential diagnosis of neck mass in children.Children with recurrent left neck infection and/or abscess should be highly suspected.Self-retaining laryngoscopic examination can make a definite diagnosis and high ligation of the fistula through the external neck approach can achieve good therapeutic effect.


Asunto(s)
Errores Diagnósticos , Fístula/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Faríngeas/diagnóstico , Seno Piriforme , Absceso , Adolescente , Niño , Preescolar , Drenaje , Fístula/congénito , Fístula/cirugía , Humanos , Lactante , Cuello , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Enfermedades Faríngeas/congénito , Enfermedades Faríngeas/cirugía , Quiste Tirogloso/diagnóstico , Tiroidectomía , Tiroiditis/diagnóstico , Tiroiditis Supurativa/diagnóstico
17.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(3): 352-356, 2018 Mar 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29609253

RESUMEN

Objective: To optimize the warning threshold values of common communicable diseases in Gansu province, and improve the early warning effect. Method: An early warning model was set up for influenza, scarlet fever, other infectious diarrheal diseases, dysentery, typhoid and paratyphoid, viral hepatitis type E and hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) respectively in Gansu by using the moving percentile method and cumulative sum method. By calculating the sensitivity, specificity, predictive value of positive test, predictive value of negative test, Youden' index and receiver-operating characteristic curve, the optimum early warning threshold values for communicable diseases in Gansu were selected. Results: The optimum early warning boundary values of influenza, scarlet fever, other infectious diarrheal diseases, dysentery, typhoid and paratyphoid, and viral hepatitis type E were P(90), P(80), P(95), P(90), P(80) and P(90) respectively. The optimum early warning parameters of HFMD were k=1.2, H=5σ. Under the optimum early warning boundary values/parameters, the early warning sensitivities of influenza, scarlet fever, other infectious diarrheal diseases, dysentery, typhoid and paratyphoid, viral hepatitis type E and HFMD were 86.67%, 100.00%, 91.67%, 100.00%, 100.00%, 100.00% and 100.00%, the specificities were 86.49%, 62.22%, 75.00%, 100.00%, 97.92%, 89.13% and 74.47%. The predictive values of positive test were 72.22%, 29.17%, 52.38%, 100.00%, 80.00%, 54.55% and 29.41%, and the predictive values of negative test were 94.12%, 100.00%, 96.77%, 100.00%, 100.00%, 100.00% and 100.00%, and the Youden' indexes were 0.73, 0.62, 0.67, 1.00, 0.98,0.89 and 0.74. Receiver-operating characteristic curve showed that the values/parameters of this warning boundary were the points closest to the upper left of the coordinate diagram. Conclusion: The early warning thresholds of influenza, other infectious diarrheal diseases, dysentery and hepatitis E in Gansu may be raised appropriately and the early warning parameters of HFMD need to be adjusted to improve the effectiveness of early warning.


Asunto(s)
Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Notificación de Enfermedades , Brotes de Enfermedades/prevención & control , Vigilancia de la Población/métodos , China , Enfermedades Transmisibles/epidemiología , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos
18.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 39(1): 32-36, 2018 Jan 14.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29551030

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of eltrombopag for adult patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenia (cITP). Methods: It was a randomised, single-centre, 6 weeks, placebo-controlled study. Beginning in January 29(th), 2013, 35 patients were enrolled, and the trial was completed on May 16(th), 2014. 17 patients were assigned to receive eltrombopag (starting dose 25 mg/d) and 18 were assigned to receive placebo. Results: A total of 35 cases of adult cITP, 6 males and 29 females with a median age of 42(22-66) years were enrolled. One patient withdrew from eltrombopag treatment group for the adverse event (AE) and discontinued treatment. In first two weeks, 27.78% (5/18) of placebo-treated compared with 64.71%(11/17) of eltrombopag-treated patients achieved platelet counts ≥ 30×10(9)/L(P=0.031); Treatment 6 weeks, the proportion of platelet counts reached ≥50×10(9)/L and ≥ 30×10(9)/L in eltrombopag-treated were higher than placebo-treated ones with statistically significant differences in both groups [64.71%(11/17) vs 11.11% (2/18), P=0.001; 76.47% (13/17) vs 38.89% (7/18), P=0.028]; The study also indicated a statistically significant difference in favour of eltrombopag compared with placebo in the odds of achieving the outcome of a platelet count ≥ 50×10(9)/L at least once during 6-week treatment (94.11% vs 33.33%, P<0.001), and 70.59%(12/17) of patients with the platelet count continuously ≥ 50×10(9)/L in 50% of treatment time in eltrombopag-treated group was more than placebo-treated one [11.11%(2/18), P<0.001]. Proportions of patients who required rescue treatment were 44.44% in placebo group and none in eltrombopag-treated one, respectively (P=0.002); The odds of bleeding symptoms with the WHO bleeding scale had no difference in both groups after 6 weeks (P=0.066). Adverse events that occurred more frequently due to eltrombopag than placebo included increased transaminase (3/17) and blood bilirubin (5/17), cerebral infarction(1/17). Conclusions: The thrombopoietin receptor agonist eltrombopag was a suitable therapeutic option for Chinese adults with cITP.


Asunto(s)
Púrpura Trombocitopénica Idiopática , Adulto , Anciano , Benzoatos , Femenino , Humanos , Hidrazinas , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recuento de Plaquetas , Pirazoles , Receptores de Trombopoyetina , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
19.
J Fish Biol ; 92(2): 298-307, 2018 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29333652

RESUMEN

A new brain-cell line, EMB, was developed from kelp grouper Epinephelus moara, a cultured marine fish. The EMB cells were subcultured for more than 60 passages. The cells were cultured in Leibovitz's L-15 medium (L15) supplemented with antibiotics, foetal bovine serum (FBS), 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). The cells could grow at 18-30° C, with the maximum growth between 24 and 30° C. The optimum FBS concentration for the cells growth ranged between 15 and 20%. Chromosome analysis indicated that the modal chromosome number was 48 in the cells at passage 45. After being transfected with pEGFP-N3 plasmid, the cells could successfully express green fluorescence protein (GFP), implying that this cell line can be used for transgenic studies. A significant cytopathic effect (CPE) was observed in the cells after infection with Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) or red spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) and the viral replication was confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR (qrt-PCR) assay, which suggested EMB's application potential for studies of SGIV and RGNNV.


Asunto(s)
Lubina , Encéfalo/citología , Cultivo Primario de Células , Animales , Encéfalo/enzimología , Línea Celular , Enfermedades de los Peces/patología , Enfermedades de los Peces/virología , Glutamato-Amoníaco Ligasa/metabolismo , Iridoviridae , Cariotipo , Kelp , Nodaviridae , Transfección
20.
Oncogene ; 37(8): 1062-1074, 2018 02 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29106390

RESUMEN

Glycolysis is critical for cancer stem cell reprogramming; however, the underlying regulatory mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we show that pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (PDK1) is enriched in breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs), whereas depletion of PDK1 remarkably diminishes ALDH+ subpopulations, decreases stemness-related transcriptional factor expression, and inhibits sphere-formation ability and tumor growth. Conversely, high levels of PDK1 enhance BCSC properties and are correlated with poor overall survival. In mouse xenograft tumor, PDK1 is accumulated in hypoxic regions and activates glycolysis to promote stem-like traits. Moreover, through screening hypoxia-related long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in PDK1-positive tissue, we find that lncRNA H19 is responsible for glycolysis and BCSC maintenance. Furthermore, H19 knockdown decreases PDK1 expression in hypoxia, and ablation of PDK1 counteracts H19-mediated glycolysis and self-renewal ability in vitro and in vivo. Accordingly, H19 and PDK1 expression exhibits strong correlations in primary breast carcinomas. H19 acting as a competitive endogenous RNA sequesters miRNA let-7 to release Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α, leading to an increase in PDK1 expression. Lastly, aspirin markedly attenuates glycolysis and cancer stem-like characteristics by suppressing both H19 and PDK1. Thus, these novel findings demonstrate that the glycolysis gatekeeper PDK1 has a critical role in BCSC reprogramming and provides a potential therapeutic strategy for breast malignancy.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Subunidad alfa del Factor 1 Inducible por Hipoxia/metabolismo , Hipoxia/fisiopatología , Células Madre Neoplásicas/patología , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinasas/metabolismo , ARN Largo no Codificante/genética , Animales , Apoptosis , Biomarcadores de Tumor/genética , Biomarcadores de Tumor/metabolismo , Neoplasias de la Mama/genética , Neoplasias de la Mama/metabolismo , Proliferación Celular , Femenino , Glucólisis , Humanos , Subunidad alfa del Factor 1 Inducible por Hipoxia/genética , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos BALB C , Ratones Desnudos , Células Madre Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Pronóstico , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinasas/genética , Células Tumorales Cultivadas , Ensayos Antitumor por Modelo de Xenoinjerto
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