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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2022 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502822

RESUMEN

A cationic COF (CCOF) was imported to afford stable proton conductive material while the positively charged CCOF can constrain the inorganic anion groups into the framework through an ion exchange process. The inorganic anions could play the role of proton donors to provide a rich source of protons, as well as the proton acceptors for proton transmission, thus forming an interlinked proton conduction pathway within the framework. The proton conductivities of COF materials loaded with different anions have been improved to varying degrees, and the conductivity of H2PO4-@CCOF is up to 3.86 × 10-2 S cm-1 at 100 °C.

2.
Eur Urol Oncol ; 2022 Apr 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35491356

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) is a heterogeneous disease in which molecular stratification is needed to improve clinical outcomes. The identification of predictive biomarkers can have a major impact on the care of these patients, but the availability of metastatic tissue samples for research in this setting is limited. OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of immune biomarkers of potential clinical utility to immunotherapy in mCRPC and to determine their association with overall survival (OS). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: From 100 patients, mCRPC biopsies were assayed by whole exome sequencing, targeted next-generation sequencing, RNA sequencing, tumor mutational burden, T-cell-inflamed gene expression profile (TcellinfGEP) score (Nanostring), and immunohistochemistry for programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1), ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM), phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), SRY homology box 2 (SOX2), and the presence of neuroendocrine features. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The phi coefficient determined correlations between biomarkers of interest. OS was assessed using Kaplan-Meier curves and adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) from Cox regression. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: PD-L1 and SOX2 protein expression was detected by immunohistochemistry (combined positive score ≥1 and >5% cells, respectively) in 24 (33%) and 27 (27%) mCRPC biopsies, respectively; 23 (26%) mCRPC biopsies had high TcellinfGEP scores (>-0.318). PD-L1 protein expression and TcellinfGEP scores were positively correlated (phi 0.63 [0.45; 0.76]). PD-L1 protein expression (aHR: 1.90 [1.05; 3.45]), high TcellinfGEP score (aHR: 1.86 [1.04; 3.31]), and SOX2 expression (aHR: 2.09 [1.20; 3.64]) were associated with worse OS. CONCLUSIONS: PD-L1, TcellinfGEP score, and SOX2 are prognostic of outcome from the mCRPC setting. If validated, predictive biomarker studies incorporating survival endpoints need to take these findings into consideration. PATIENT SUMMARY: This study presents an analysis of immune biomarkers in biopsies from patients with metastatic prostate cancer. We describe tumor alterations that predict prognosis that can impact future studies.

3.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 174, 2022 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35505403

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Ocular surface and retinal diseases are widespread problems that cannot be ignored in today's society. However, existing prevention and treatment still have many shortcomings and limitations, and fail to effectively hinder the occurrence and development of them. MAIN BODY: The purpose of this review is to give a detailed description of the potential mechanism of exosomes and autophagy. The eukaryotic endomembrane system refers to a range of membrane-bound organelles in the cytoplasm that are interconnected structurally and functionally, which regionalize and functionalize the cytoplasm to meet the needs of cells under different conditions. Exosomal biogenesis and autophagy are two important components of this system and are connected by lysosomal pathways. Exosomes are extracellular vesicles that contain multiple signaling molecules produced by multivesicular bodies derived from endosomes. Autophagy includes lysosome-dependent degradation and recycling pathways of cells or organelles. Recent studies have revealed that there is a common molecular mechanism between exosomes and autophagy, which have been, respectively, confirmed to involve in ocular surface and retinal diseases. CONCLUSION: The relationship between exosomes and autophagy and is mostly focused on fundus diseases, while a deeper understanding of them will provide new directions for the pathological mechanism, diagnosis, and treatment of ocular surface and retinal diseases.


Asunto(s)
Exosomas , Vesículas Extracelulares , Enfermedades de la Retina , Autofagia/fisiología , Exosomas/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Humanos , Lisosomas/metabolismo , Enfermedades de la Retina/metabolismo , Enfermedades de la Retina/patología , Enfermedades de la Retina/terapia
4.
Asian J Androl ; 2022 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35532558

RESUMEN

We aimed to study radiomics approach based on biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for determining significant residual cancer after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Ninety-two post-ADT prostate cancer patients underwent MRI before prostatectomy (62 with significant residual disease and 30 with complete response or minimum residual disease [CR/MRD]). Totally, 100 significant residual, 52 CR/MRD lesions, and 70 benign tissues were selected according to pathology. First, 381 radiomics features were extracted from T2-weighted imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging, and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps. Optimal features were selected using a support vector machine with a recursive feature elimination algorithm (SVM-RFE). Then, ADC values of significant residual, CR/MRD lesions, and benign tissues were compared by one-way analysis of variance. Logistic regression was used to construct models with SVM features to differentiate between each pair of tissues. Third, the efficiencies of ADC value and radiomics models for differentiating the three tissues were assessed by area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). The ADC value (mean ± standard deviation [s.d.]) of significant residual lesions ([1.10 ± 0.02] × 10-3 mm2 s-1) was significantly lower than that of CR/MRD ([1.17 ± 0.02] × 10-3 mm2 s-1), which was significantly lower than that of benign tissues ([1.30 ± 0.02] × 10-3 mm2 s-1; both P < 0.05). The SVM feature models were comparable to ADC value in distinguishing CR/MRD from benign tissue (AUC: 0.766 vs 0.792) and distinguishing residual from benign tissue (AUC: 0.825 vs 0.835) (both P > 0.05), but superior to ADC value in differentiating significant residual from CR/MRD (AUC: 0.748 vs 0.558; P = 0.041). Radiomics approach with biparametric MRI could promote the detection of significant residual prostate cancer after ADT.

5.
Pulm Pharmacol Ther ; : 102131, 2022 May 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35551994

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a debilitating condition in clinics. Dexmedetomidine (Dex) is known for its anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory properties. This study attempted to investigate the protective mechanism of Dex in ALI mice. METHODS: Mice were pretreated with Dex before model establishment by tracheal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Pulmonary function indexes and wet-to-dry (W/D) ratio were measured. Pulmonary pathological changes were observed through HE staining, CD31+-positive mouse pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (MPMVECs) were counted through immunofluorescence staining, and apoptosis was detected through TUNEL staining. miR-152-3p mimic, sh-DUSP1, or p38 MAPK inhibitor was delivered into MPMVECs, followed by combined treatment of Dex and LPS. miR-152-3p expression, apoptosis, levels of apoptosis- and MAPK/NF-κB pathway-associated proteins, and inflammatory factors were measured through RT-qPCR, flow cytometry, Western blot, and ELISA. The binding relationship of miR-152-3p and DUSP1 was verified through bioinformatics software and dual-luciferase assay. ALI mouse model was established after injection of miR-152-3p antagomir. RESULTS: Dex improved ALI mouse pulmonary function and mitigated injury in mice and MPMVECs. miR-125-3p overexpression or sh-DUSP1 partially abolished the protection of Dex on MPMVECs. miR-152-3p targeted DUSP1. sh-DUSP1 partially averted the protection of Dex on MPMVECs. Dex inhibited the activation of the MAPK/NF-κB pathway in MPMVECs mediated by LPS, which was partially reversed by sh-DUSP1. The p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580 antagonized the protective effect of Dex on MPMVECs mediated by sh-DUSP1. Similarly, downregulation of miR-152-3p mitigated ALI via the DUSP1/MAPK/NF-κB axis in vivo. CONCLUSION: Dex relieved ALI in mice via the DUSP1/MAPK/NF-κB axis by down-regulating miR-152-3p.

6.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 2022 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504596

RESUMEN

AIM: Older adults living alone is becoming the main family structure in rural China. This study aimed to explore the mediating effect of coping style on the relationship between perceived stress and mental health in rural older adults living alone in China. METHODS: 356 rural older adults living alone were recruited in Huzhou, China. Subjects were investigated using the Chinese Perceived Stress Scale (CPSS), Chinese Coping Style Questionnaire (CCSQ), and Mental Health Questionnaire (MHQ). Data were analysed using a structural equation. Bootstrapping was used to validate the mediation effects. RESULTS: Mental health showed significant correlations with a sense of nervousness, of uncontrollability, and with positive and negative coping styles (P < 0.05). The results of structural equation modeling showed a good fit for the total sample (χ2 /df = 2.684, NFI = 0.927, GFI = 0.944, RMSEA = 0.069). Perceived stress (sense of nervousness and uncontrollability) impacted the mental health of rural older adults living alone mainly through two mediating variables, including positive and negative coping styles. The double mediating contribution rates were 42.11%, and 61.82%. CONCLUSION: Coping style partially mediated the relationship between perceived stress and mental health of rural older adults living alone in China. Consequently, to improve the mental health of rural older adults living alone, perceived stress and coping styles should be the focus. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2022; ••: ••-••.

7.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 207, 2022 May 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501794

RESUMEN

As a typical class of crystalline porous materials, metal-organic framework possesses unique features including versatile functionality, structural and compositional tunability. After being reduced to two-dimension, ultrathin metal-organic framework layers possess more external excellent properties favoring various technological applications. In this review article, the unique structural properties of the ultrathin metal-organic framework nanosheets benefiting from the planar topography were highlighted, involving light transmittance, and electrical conductivity. Moreover, the design strategy and versatile fabrication methodology were summarized covering discussions on their applicability and accessibility, especially for porphyritic metal-organic framework nanosheet. The current achievements in the bioapplications of two-dimensional metal-organic frameworks were presented comprising biocatalysis, biosensor, and theranostic, with an emphasis on reactive oxygen species-based nanomedicine for oncology treatment. Furthermore, current challenges confronting the utilization of two-dimensional metal-organic frameworks and future opportunities in emerging research frontiers were presented.


Asunto(s)
Estructuras Metalorgánicas , Biocatálisis , Conductividad Eléctrica , Nanomedicina , Porosidad
8.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 879192, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35519619

RESUMEN

Corneal injury (CI) affects corneal integrity and transparency, deteriorating the patient's quality of life. This study aimed to explore the molecular mechanisms by which exosomes secreted from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSC-Exos) affect autophagy in human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) and CI models. We isolated and identified hucMSC-Exos using nanoparticle tracking analysis, transmission electron microscopy, and western blotting. The effects of hucMSC-Exos combined with autophagy regulators on HCECs and CI mice were assessed using cell viability assays, scratch assay, cell cycle assay, apoptosis assay, corneal fluorescein staining, haze grades, pathological examinations, western blotting, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). In vitro results indicated that hucMSC-Exos combined with the autophagy activator had positive effects in promoting the cell proliferation, migration capacity, and the cell cycle by upregulating the proportions of cells in the S phase and the expression of PCNA, Cyclin A, Cyclin E, and CDK2. Meanwhile, the combination treatment reduced the apoptotic rate of HCECs. In vivo results indicated that hucMSC-Exos especially combined them with the autophagy activator significantly alleviated corneal epithelial defects and stromal opacity, reduced the levels of the apoptotic markers Bax and cleaved Caspase-3, reduced the inflammatory response products TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and CXCL-2, and increased the Bcl-2. This was achieved by upregulating pAMPK/AMPK and pULK1/ULK1 ratios, and Beclin-1 and LC3B II/I, and by downregulating the pmTOR/mTOR ratio and p62. In contrast, clinical indications, apoptosis, and inflammation were aggravated after the application of the autophagy inhibitor. HucMSC-Exos combined with an autophagy activator significantly enhanced HCECs functions and alleviated corneal defects, apoptosis, and inflammation by activating the autophagy signaling pathway, AMPK-mTOR-ULK1, providing a new biological therapy for corneal wound healing and ocular surface regeneration.

9.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 220: 106814, 2022 Apr 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523025

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recent evidence demonstrates that the atherogenic process is discontinuous. Our goal is to study changes of plaque components and local hemodynamics during atherosclerotic progression. METHODS: The histological and immunohistochemical staining of high-fat diet rabbit aorta were evaluated at 0, 8, 10 and 12 weeks, respectively. In addition, the blood flow and LDL transport were simulated at the above four time points. RESULTS: The plaque thickness at different characteristic regions increased at different rates. The collagen continued to increase, while the elastin, fibronectin, macrophages and smooth muscle cells increased first and then decreased. The relative surface LDL concentration decreased at 8 weeks, and then it increased first and decreased slightly. Meanwhile, the hemodynamic environment became better firstly at 8 weeks, then got slightly worse and lastly improved again. CONCLUSIONS: The local hemodynamics and plaque components vary nonlinearly during atherosclerotic progression in rabbit aorta.

10.
Environ Res ; : 113408, 2022 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35561821

RESUMEN

Understanding the roles of nutrient restriction in extracellular electron transfer (EET) and stability of mixed electroactive biofilm is essential in pollutant degradation and bioenergy production. However, the relevant studies are still limited so far. Herein, the effect of nutrient restriction on the EET pathways and stability of mixed electroactive biofilm was explored. It was found that the electroactive Pseudomonas and Geobacter genera were selectively enriched in the biofilms cultured under total nutrient and P-constrained conditions, and two EET pathways including direct and indirect were found, while Rhodopseudomonas genus was enriched in the N-constrained biofilm, which only had the direct EET pathway. Moreover, multiple analyses including 2D confocal Raman spectra revealed that P-constrained biofilm was rich in extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) especially for polysaccharide, presented a dense and uniform layered distribution, and had better stability than N-constrained biofilm with lower EPS and biofilm with heterostructures cultured under total nutrient conditions.

11.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2022 May 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35549175

RESUMEN

The potential climate change impacts of the development in Chinese household waste management, with less landfilling, more incineration with energy recovery, and source-separated food waste treated in biorefineries, were assessed through a life cycle assessment. When the waste management system interacts with a fossil-based energy system, landfilling produces a load of 144 kg CO2-eq/ton wet waste, while incineration shows a saving of 36 kg CO2-eq/ton wet waste. The introduction of food waste source separation lowers climate change impacts by an additional 33 kg CO2-eq/ton at a 60% sorting efficiency. As the Chinese energy system lowers its climate change impact over the next 30 years, energy recovery from waste treatment will change its relative contribution to climate change. In nonfossil energy systems, landfilling is estimated to have a climate change load of 180-240 kg CO2-eq/ton wet waste, while incineration, including combinations with the source-separation of food waste, will have a load of 310-540 kg CO2-eq/ton wet waste. These large intervals are due to waste composition uncertainty. However, considering a 20 year CH4 characterization factor representing a shorter time perspective, the impacts from landfilling are more dramatic due to the large methane release. This significant climate change impact calls for an increased focus on the developments in Chinese household waste management. The key issues identified may also apply to other countries.

12.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 893609, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571221

RESUMEN

Background: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common complication after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). No precise way, however, is currently available to predict its occurrence. We and others have demonstrated that microparticles (MPs) can induce ALI and were increased in patients with ALI. However, whether MPs can be used to predict ALI after cardiac surgery with CPB remains unknown. Methods: In this prospective study, 103 patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB and 53 healthy subjects were enrolled. MPs were isolated from the plasma before, 12 h after, and 3 d after surgery. The size distributions of MPs were measured by the LitesizerTM 500 Particle Analyzer. The patients were divided into two subgroups (ALI and non-ALI) according to the diagnosis of ALI. Descriptive and correlational analyzes were conducted between the size distribution of MPs and clinical data. Results: Compared to the non-ALI group, the size at peak and interquartile range (IQR) of MPs in patients with ALI were smaller, but the peak intensity of MPs is higher. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that the size at peak of MPs at postoperative 12 h was an independent risk factor for ALI. The area under the curve (AUC) of peak diameter at postoperative 12 h was 0.803. The best cutoff value of peak diameter to diagnose ALI was 223.05 nm with a sensitivity of 88.0% and a negative predictive value of 94.5%. The AUC of IQR at postoperative 12 h was 0.717. The best cutoff value of IQR to diagnose ALI was 132.65 nm with a sensitivity of 88.0% and a negative predictive value of 92.5%. Combining these two parameters, the sensitivity reached 92% and the negative predictive value was 96%. Conclusions: Our findings suggested that the size distribution of MPs could be a novel biomarker to predict and exclude ALI after cardiac surgery with CPB.

13.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 8645714, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571246

RESUMEN

Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is linked to increased morbidity and mortality rates in patients with sepsis. Increased cytokine production and neuronal apoptosis are implicated in the pathogenesis of the SAE. Neuroinflammation plays a major role in sepsis-induced brain injury. Thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP), an inhibitor of thioredoxin, is associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. However, whether the TXNIP is involved in the sepsis-induced brain injury and the underlying mechanism is yet to be elucidated. Therefore, the present study was aimed at elucidating the effects of TXNIP knockdown on sepsis-induced brain injury and cognitive decline in mice. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was injected intraperitoneally to induce sepsis brain injury in mice. The virus-carrying control or TXNIP shRNA was injected into the lateral ventricle of the brain 4 weeks before the LPS treatment. The histological changes in the hippocampal tissues, encephaledema, and cognitive function were detected, respectively. Also, the 7-day survival rate was recorded. Furthermore, the alterations in microglial activity, oxidative response, proinflammatory factors, apoptosis, protein levels (TXNIP and NLRP3 inflammasome), and apoptosis were examined in the hippocampal tissues. The results demonstrated that the TXNIP and NLRP3 inflammasome expression levels were increased at 6, 12, and 24 h post-LPS injection. TXNIP knockdown dramatically ameliorated the 7-day survival rate, cognitive decline, brain damage, neuronal apoptosis, and the brain water content, inhibited the activation of microglia, downregulated the NLRP3/caspase-1 signaling pathway, and reduced the oxidative stress and the neuroinflammatory cytokine levels at 24 h post-LPS injection. These results suggested a crucial effect of TXNIP knockdown on the mechanism of brain injury and cognitive decline in sepsis mice via suppressing oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. Thus, TXNIP might be a potential therapeutic target for SAE patients.

14.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 3144035, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572832

RESUMEN

This research was aimed at discussing the application value of different machine learning algorithms in the prediction of early Alzheimer's disease (AD), which was based on hippocampal volume changes in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In the research, the 84 cases in American Alzheimer's disease neuroimaging initiative (ADNI) database were selected as the research data. Based on the scoring results of cognitive function, all cases were divided into three groups, including cognitive function normal (normal group), early mild cognitive impairment (e-MCI group), and later mild cognitive impairment (l-MCI group) groups. Each group included 28 cases. The features of hippocampal volume changes in MRI images of the patients in different groups were extracted. The samples of training set and test set were established. Besides, the established support vector machine (SVM), decision tree (DT), and random forest (RF) prediction models were used to predict e-MCI. Metalinear regression was utilized to analyze MRI feature data, and the predictive accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of different models were calculated. The result showed that the volumes of hippocampal left CA1, left CA2-3, left CA4-DG, left presubiculum, left tail, right CA2-3, right CA4-DG, right presubiculum, and right tail in e-MCI group were all smaller than those in normal group (P < 0.01). The corresponding volume of hippocampal subregions in l-MCI group was remarkably reduced compared with that in normal group (P < 0.001). The volumes of regions left CA1, left CA2-3, left CA4-DG, right CA2-3, right CA4-DG, and right presubiculum were all positively correlated with logical memory test-delay recall (LMT-DR) score (R 2 = 0.1702, 0.3779, 0.1607, 0.1620, 0.0426, and 0.1309; P < 0.001). The predictive accuracy of training set sample by DT, SVM, and RF was 86.67%, 93.33%, and 98.33%, respectively. Based on the changes in the volumes of left CA4-DG, right CA2-3, and right CA4-DG, the predictive accuracy of e-MCI and l-MCI by RF model was both higher than those by DT model (P < 0.01). Besides, the predictive accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of e-MCI by RF model was all notably higher than those by DT model (P < 0.01). The above results demonstrated that the effective early AD prediction models were established by the volume changes in hippocampal subregions, which was based on RF in the research. The establishment of early AD prediction models offered certain reference basis to the diagnosis and treatment of AD patients.

15.
Front Immunol ; 13: 887054, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35558078

RESUMEN

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is an RNA virus that causes great economic losses globally to the swine industry. Innate immune RNA receptors mainly sense it during infection. As a DNA sensor, cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) plays an important role in sensing cytosolic DNA and activating innate immunity to induce IFN-I and establish an antiviral cellular state. In contrast, the role of innate immune DNA sensors during PRRSV infection has not been elucidated. In this study, we found that cGAS facilitates the production of IFN-ß during PRRSV infection. Western blot and virus titer assays suggested that cGAS overexpression suppressed the replication of multiple PRRSV strains, while knockout of cGAS increased viral titer and nucleocapsid protein expression. Besides, our results indicated that the mitochondria were damaged during PRRSV infection and leaked mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) into the cytoplasm. The mtDNA in the cytoplasm co-localizes with the cGAS, and the cGAMP activity was increased when the cGAS was overexpressed during PRRSV infection. Furthermore, the cGAMP also possesses an anti-PRRSV effect. These results indicate for the first time that cGAS restricts PRRSV replication by sensing the mtDNA in the cytoplasm to increase cGAMP activity, which not only explains the molecular mechanism by which cGAS inhibits PRRSV replication but also provides research ideas for studying the role of the cGAS-STING signaling pathway in the process of RNA virus infection.

16.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 7(5): 778-779, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35558171

RESUMEN

Zelkova schneideriana Hand-Mazz is a second-class key protected wild plant in China. Here, the complete mitochondrial genome of Zelkova schneideriana Hand-Mazz was sequenced using Nanopore Sequel and Illumina NovaSeq platform. The mitochondrial genome was assembled into three circular-mapping molecules with the genome sizes of 154,640 bp, 192,388 bp and 146,907 bp, including 36 protein-coding genes, 19 tRNA genes, and 3 rRNA genes. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that Zelkova schneideriana Hand-Mazz is close with Hemiptelea davidii, a species in same Ulmaceae Mirb.

17.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 28: 10760296221092405, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535404

RESUMEN

To investigate the correlation between ApoE gene polymorphism and the risk of lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) in T2DM patients of Han nationality in northern China. One hundred and fifty patients with T2DM and 150 patients with T2DM combined with LEAD were enrolled in the study and assigned to the control group and the case group, respectively. The results revealed that the number of epsilon 2 (ε2) genotype carriers in the case group was significantly lower than that in the control group (case vs control: 8.0% vs 15.4%), and the distribution of the ε2 allele frequency was similar to that of the genotype (case vs control: 4.0% vs 8.4%). A binary logistic regression analysis revealed that age, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and gender were risk factors for T2DM with LEAD and that the ApoE ε2 carriers was a protective factor (odds ratio [OR] 0.380; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.162-0.892; P = .026). In male subjects, ε2 carriers were more common in the control group (case vs control:7.8% vs 24.1%), while epsilon 4 (ε4) carriers were more common in the case group (case vs control: 23.3% vs 8.6%); the distribution of frequency of ε2 and ε4 alleles was more common in the control group and the case group, respectively (case vs control: 3.9% vs 12.1%, 12.8% vs 5.2%). In male, age and WHR were risk factors for the disease, and being an ε2 carrier was a protective factor. Being an ApoE gene ε2 carrier is a protective factor for LEAD in male patients with T2DM that are of Han nationality in northern China.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Enfermedades Vasculares , Alelos , Apolipoproteína E2/genética , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , China , Frecuencia de los Genes , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Genotipo , Humanos , Extremidad Inferior , Masculino , Polimorfismo Genético
18.
Org Lett ; 2022 May 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544733

RESUMEN

An asymmetric total synthesis of the sarpagine alkaloid (-)-normacusine B is presented. Salient features of this synthesis include a photocatalytic nitrogen-centered radical cascade reaction to assemble the tetrahydrocarbolinone skeleton, a titanium-mediated intramolecular amide-alkene coupling to construct the bridged azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane moiety, and a nickel-catalyzed reductive Heck coupling to assemble the azabicyclo[2.2.2]octane ring system.

19.
Psychiatry Res ; 313: 114603, 2022 May 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544986

RESUMEN

Adolescent depression is becoming a public health problem. In this study the association between depressive symptoms and internet usage time in adolescents was examined, with data collected from the China Education Tracking Survey (CEPS). The survey is publicly available and carried out nationwide. A logistic regression analysis was conducted with odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), the subgroup analysis examined the relationships between internet usage time and depressive symptoms. A total of 10,705 adolescents were involved, where 46.4% of them are caught by the internet for more than two hours per day. Adolescents keeping on the internet for 6-8 h per day were reported to have higher odds of depressive symptoms than adolescents who were free from it with the confounders of individual, family, and school adjusted, which were observed among groups with a medium family economic status without living with their father and with a sleep time less than nine hours. The results revealed that adolescents spending more time online had a higher risk of experiencing depression symptoms. This study suggested that it is helpful for mental health professionals to evaluate and develop prevention interventions for depressive symptoms in adolescents promptly through monitoring and managing online time.

20.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2022: 8235736, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535032

RESUMEN

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of preoperative waiting time on the short-term outcomes and prognosis in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 3744 CRC patients who underwent primary CRC surgery at a single clinical medical center from Jan 2011 to Jan 2020. The baseline information, short-term outcomes, overall survival (OS), and disease-free survival (DFS) were compared among the short-waiting group, the intermediate-waiting group, and the long-waiting group. Results: A total of 3744 eligible CRC patients were enrolled for analysis. There were no significant differences in all of the baseline information and short-term outcomes among the three groups. In multivariate analysis, older age (OS: p=0.000, HR = 1.947, 95% CI = 1.631-2.324; DFS: p=0.000, HR = 1.693, 95% CI = 1.445-1.983), advanced clinical stage (OS: p=0.000, HR = 1.301, 95% CI = 1.161-1.457; DFS: p=0.000, HR = 1.262, 95% CI = 1.139-1.400), overall complications (OS: p=0.000, HR = 1.613, 95% CI = 1.303-1.895; DFS: p=0.000, HR = 1.560, 95% CI = 1.312-1.855), and major complications (OS: p=0.001, HR = 1.812, 95% CI = 1.338-2.945; DFS: p=0.006, HR = 1.647, 95% CI = 1.153-2.352) were independent factors of OS and DFS. In addition, no significant difference was found in all stages (OS, p=0.203; DFS, p=0.108), stage I (OS, p=0.419; DFS, p=0.579), stage II (OS, p=0.465; DFS, p=0.385), or stage III (OS, p=0.539; DFS, p=0.259) in terms of OS and DFS among the three groups. Conclusion: Preoperative waiting time did not affect the short-term outcomes or prognosis in CRC patients.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales , Listas de Espera , Neoplasias Colorrectales/cirugía , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Humanos , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos
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