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1.
Insect Mol Biol ; 2021 Apr 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33885199

RESUMEN

The invasive spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) has caused serious economic losses to the fruit industry. The conventional control methods have many limitations and genetic engineering technologies such as CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene drive are promising approaches. In the CRISPR/Cas9 system, the transcriptional regulatory elements plays an important role on the activities of gRNA. Thus, in order to improve the genome editing efficiency of the CRISPR/Cas9 system in D. suzukii, we cloned and tested four endogenous U6 promoters to drive mutagenesis of the white gene. Our results showed that all the four promoters could be used with variable efficiency. The promoter DsU6-3 had the highest genome editing efficiency among the four DsU6 promoters. Compared with the DsU6-3 promoter, the DmU6:3 promoter showed lower efficiency to drive mutagenesis in D. suzukii. These findings expand the range of promoters available to express gRNAs in D. suzukii, facilitating the basic and applied research on this important pest. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33868434

RESUMEN

With the rapid development of industrialization and urbanization in China, energy and vehicle consumption have continued to increase in recent years and air pollution has become serious. In early 2020, Corona Virus Disease 2019 broke out in Wuhan, China. From January 29, 2020, several sources of the air pollution almost all stopped working, including gasoline burning vehicles, dust producing building sites, coal-fired factories, etc. Five indicators of the atmospheric environmental quality were observed from December 19, 2019 to April 30, 2020 in nine cities and 1-h average concentrations, 24-h average concentrations and Air Quality Index were assessed. The 1-h average concentrations of the nitrogen dioxide, the ozone and the sulfur dioxide showed obvious difference though the closure did not change the sequence of the five pollutants' concentrations in the air at diverse sampling moments. The changing of the 24-h average concentrations of the five pollutants indicated the amount of pollutants in the air were greatly affected by human activities. The nitrogen dioxide, the sulfur dioxide and the particulate matters decreased obviously in the closure. The air in the metropolis and the south-east cities were relatively clean and the pollutants' concentrations decreased slightly during the closure period. The northern and the heavy industrial cities showed significant drop on air pollution indicators and the air quality of the two city groups could be greatly improved if some effective measures could be taken of environmental management and regional development.

3.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(3): 418-423, 2021 Mar 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730838

RESUMEN

Haloacetaldehydes (HALs), as emerging disinfection by-products in drinking water, are the third largest group by weight of identified disinfection by-products (DBPs) in drinking water. The formation of HALs is associated with the level of natural organic matter and halide in the source water, the treatment process of drinking water and the type of disinfectant. Recent studies have shown that HALs are more cytotoxic and genotoxic than regulated trihalomethanes and halo-acetic acids in drinking water. Currently, only a few countries and regions have set limit values for trichloroacetaldehyde with high detection rate in drinking water. However, there is growing evidence that unregulated HALs have a higher potential risk to human health compared to regulated HALs. This paper reviews the current research progress on the formation and transformation, cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of HALs in drinking water, and looks forward to the problems that should be paid attention in the future toxicological research of HALs in order to support the development of scientific drinking water standards.


Asunto(s)
Desinfectantes , Agua Potable , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Purificación del Agua , Desinfectantes/toxicidad , Desinfección , Agua Potable/análisis , Humanos , Trihalometanos , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/toxicidad
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(8): 560-567, 2021 Mar 02.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663186

RESUMEN

Objective: To estimate the health impact and economic burden of seasonal influenza in mainland China. Methods: From systematic literature reviews, we collected the influenza-associated excess influenza-like-illness (ILI) outpatient consultation rates, hospitalization rates of severe acute respiratory infections (SARI) and respiratory excess mortality, 2006-2017. Using these data, as well as demographic data (2019), the number of influenza-associated excess ILI outpatient consultations, SARI hospitalizations and respiratory excess deaths were estimated. Then using per capita economic burden of influenza-associated outpatient consultations and hospitalizations, as well as the productivity loss of influenza-related premature deaths, the annual influenza-associated total economic burden was estimated. All costs were adjusted to 2019 using the consumer price index. Results: The annual influenza-associated excess ILI outpatient consultations, SARI hospitalizations and excess respiratory deaths were 3 million, 2.34 million, 0.09 million, respectively. The total economic burden was 26.38 billion CNY, accounting for 0.266‰ GDP in 2019, of which the hospitalization-related economic burden accounted for the highest proportion (86.4%, 22.79 billion CNY), followed by the outpatient-related economic burden (11.3%, 2.97 billion CNY), and the indirect economic burden of productivity loss of premature deaths was the lowest (2.4%, 0.62 billion CNY). Largest economic burden was observed in East China (10.51 billion CNY) and smallest observed in Northeast China (0.38 billion CNY). Conclusion: The health burden of influenza-related outpatient visits and hospitalizations were substantial. The economic burden of influenza-related SARI hospitalization was higher than that of influenza-related outpatients and pre-mature deaths. The highest economic burden of influenza occurred in the East China.


Asunto(s)
Costo de Enfermedad , Gripe Humana , China/epidemiología , Hospitalización , Humanos , Lactante , Gripe Humana/epidemiología , Estaciones del Año
5.
Ann Oncol ; 32(4): 512-521, 2021 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453391

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated maintenance treatment with niraparib, a potent inhibitor of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1/2, in patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled study conducted at 30 centers in China, adults with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer who had responded to their most recent platinum-containing chemotherapy were randomized 2 : 1 to receive oral niraparib (300 mg/day) or matched placebo until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity (NCT03705156). Following a protocol amendment, patients with a bodyweight <77 kg or a platelet count <150 × 103/µl received 200 mg/day, and all other patients 300 mg/day, as an individualized starting dose (ISD). Randomization was carried out by an interactive web response system and stratified by BRCA mutation, time to recurrence following penultimate chemotherapy, and response to most recent chemotherapy. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) assessed by blinded independent central review. RESULTS: Between 26 September 2017 and 2 February 2019, 265 patients were randomized to receive niraparib (n = 177) or placebo (n = 88); 249 patients received an ISD (300 mg, n = 14; 200 mg, n = 235) as per protocol. In the intention-to-treat population, median PFS was significantly longer for patients receiving niraparib versus placebo: 18.3 [95% confidence interval (CI), 10.9-not evaluable] versus 5.4 (95% CI, 3.7-5.7) months [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.32; 95% CI, 0.23-0.45; P < 0.0001], and a similar PFS benefit was observed in patients receiving an ISD, regardless of BRCA mutation status. Grade ≥3 treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in 50.8% and 19.3% of patients who received niraparib and placebo, respectively; the most common events were neutrophil count decreased (20.3% versus 8.0%) and anemia (14.7% versus 2.3%). CONCLUSIONS: Niraparib maintenance treatment reduced the risk of disease progression or death by 68% and prolonged PFS compared to placebo in patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer. Individualized niraparib dosing is effective and safe and should be considered standard practice in this setting.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Ováricas , Inhibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribosa) Polimerasas , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , China , Método Doble Ciego , Femenino , Humanos , Indazoles , Quimioterapia de Mantención , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ováricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ováricas/genética , Piperidinas , Inhibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribosa) Polimerasas/efectos adversos
7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(1): 015703, 2021 Jan 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480771

RESUMEN

We present results from the SPring-8 Angstrom Compact free electron LAser facility, where we used a high intensity (∼10^{20} W/cm^{2}) x-ray pump x-ray probe scheme to observe changes in the ionic structure of silicon induced by x-ray heating of the electrons. By avoiding Laue spots in the scattering signal from a single crystalline sample, we observe a rapid rise in diffuse scattering and a transition to a disordered, liquidlike state with a structure significantly different from liquid silicon. The disordering occurs within 100 fs of irradiation, a timescale that agrees well with first principles simulations, and is faster than that predicted by purely inertial behavior, suggesting that both the phase change and disordered state reached are dominated by Coulomb forces. This method is capable of observing liquid scattering without masking signal from the ambient solid, allowing the liquid structure to be measured throughout and beyond the phase change.

8.
J Prev Alzheimers Dis ; 8(1): 41-47, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336223

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Brain amyloid-beta (Aß) plaques, a hallmark of the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease, have been associated with frailty. Whether the plasma Aß markers show similar relationship with frailty is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prospective associations between plasma Aß42/40 ratio and overtime frailty in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: From the 5-year Multidomain Alzheimer Preventive Trial (MAPT), we included 477 adults ≥70 years with available data on plasma Aß42/40 ratio (lower is worse). Fried frailty phenotype (robust, pre-frail and frail) was assessed at the same time-point of plasma Aß measures and after until the end of follow-up. The outcomes of interest were the change in the frailty phenotype over time (examined by mixed-effect ordinal logistic regressions) and incident frailty (examined by Cox proportional hazard models). RESULTS: Plasma Aß42/40 did not show significant associations with incident frailty; however, after adjusting for Apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 genotype, people in the lower quartile of plasma Aß42/40 (≤0.103) had higher risk of incident frailty (HR=2.63; 95% CI, 1.00 to 6.89), compared to those in the upper quartile (>0.123). Exploratory analysis found a significant association between the lower quartile of plasma Aß42/40 and incident frailty among APOE ε4 non-carriers (HR=3.48; 95% CI, 1.19 to 10.16), but not among carriers. No associations between plasma Aß42/40 and evolution of frailty were observed. CONCLUSION: No significant associations between plasma Aß42/40 and frailty were found when APOE ε4 status was not accounted into the model. Nevertheless, APOE ε4 non-carriers with high Aß burden might be more susceptible to develop frailty.

10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(24): 12887-12895, 2020 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378039

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: In recent years, coronary heart disease (CHD) has become a disease that cannot be ignored by residents of our country, because CHD will not only endanger people's quality of life, but also threaten their lives. Therefore, this research mainly explores the correlation between myocardial infarction (MI) with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, we constructed a model of myocardial ischemia and hypoxia (I/H) in vivo and in vitro, and examined the change of CACNA1H expression. At the same time, in order to research the role of CACNA1H, we chose CACNA1H-specific inhibitor ABT-639 to next research and detect changes in heart injury by detecting changes in creatine kinase (CK) content and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity. Next, we used TUNEL staining and immunofluorescence staining to detect changes in apoptosis and ER stress, and analyzed changes in ER stress and apoptotic pathway expression by Western blotting and quantitative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). RESULTS: At 28 days after MI, the cardiac function of the mice was significantly reduced, the myocardial cell apoptosis rate was dramatically increased, and CACNA1H expression was dramatically increased in vivo and in vitro. In addition, we treated the model group with the ABT-639, and found that ABT-639 can partially protect myocardial function and relieve myocardial cell apoptosis. At the same time, ABT-639 may reduce H9c2 injury after I/H by reducing the degree of ER stress, because we found that the use of ABT-639 can dramatically reduce ER stress-related factors expression, and can inhibit the expression of apoptosis-related factors Caspase-3 and Caspase-9. CONCLUSIONS: The CACNA1H inhibitor ABT-639 can alleviate myocardial cell apoptosis caused by MI by reducing the ER stress response.

11.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 24(10): 1144-1151, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33244575

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: No study has tried to distinguish subjects that become frail due to diseases (frailty related to diseases) or in the absence of specific medical events; in this latter case, it is possible that aging process would act as the main frailty driver (age-related frailty). OBJECTIVES: To classify subjects according to the origin of physical frailty: age-related frailty, frailty related to diseases, frailty of uncertain origin, and to compare their clinical characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of the Multidomain Alzheimer Preventive Trial (MAPT), including 195 subjects ≥70 years non-frail at baseline who became frail during a 5-year follow-up (mean age 77.8 years ± 4.7; 70% female). Physical frailty was defined as presenting ≥3 of the 5 Fried criteria: weight loss, exhaustion, weakness, slowness, low physical activity. Clinical files were independently reviewed by two different clinicians using a standardized assessment method in order to classify subjects as: "age-related frailty", "frailty related to diseases" or "frailty of uncertain origin". Inconsistencies among the two raters and cases of uncertain frailty were further assessed by two other experienced clinicians. RESULTS: From the 195 included subjects, 82 (42%) were classified as age-related frailty, 53 (27%) as frailty related to diseases, and 60 (31%) as frailty of uncertain origin. Patients who became frail due to diseases did not differ from the others groups in terms of functional, cognitive, psychological status and age at baseline, however they presented a higher burden of comorbidity as measured by the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS) (8.20 ± 2.69; vs 6.22 ± 2.02 frailty of uncertain origin; vs. 3.25 ± 1.65 age-related frailty). Time to incident frailty (23.4 months ± 12.1 vs. 39.2 ± 19.3 months) and time spent in a pre-frailty condition (17.1 ± 11.4 vs 26.6 ± 16.6 months) were shorter in the group of frailty related to diseases compared to age-related frailty. Orthopedic diseases (n=14, 26%) were the most common pathologies leading to frailty related to diseases, followed by cardiovascular diseases (n=9, 17%) and neurological diseases (n = 8, 15%). CONCLUSION: People classified as age-related frailty and frailty related to diseases presented different frailty-associated indicators. Future research should target the underlying biological cascades leading to these two frailty classifications, since they could ask for distinct strategies of prevention and management.

12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(42): 3291-3295, 2020 Nov 17.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202489

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the consistency of different measurement methods of saliva 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) in different glucose metabolism populations. Methods: From January 2018 to June 2019, 175 healthy volunteers (21-65 years, 58 males and 117 females) with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) and 80 diabetic patients (18-70 years, 44 males and 36 females) were enrolled in Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital. Saliva was collected by saliva collection tube, and 1,5-AG was measured using both enzymatic and mass spectrometry methods. Serum 1,5-AG was determined by enzymatic method. Results: In NGT subjects, both serum and saliva 1,5-AG levels detected by enzymatic method were positively correlated with the saliva 1,5-AG levels detected by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (r=0.247 and 0.523, respectively, both P<0.05). However, there was no significant correlation between saliva and serum 1,5-AG levels detected by enzymatic method (r=-0.074, P=0.333). In diabetic patients, both serum and saliva 1,5-AG levels detected by enzymatic method were positively correlated with the saliva 1,5-AG levels detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (r=0.284 and 0.423, respectively, both P<0.05). However, there was no significant correlation between saliva and serum 1,5-AG levels detected by enzymatic method (r=-0.079, P=0.487). Conclusions: Both serum and saliva 1,5-AG levels detected by enzymatic method have a good consistency with saliva 1,5-AG levels detected by mass spectrometry method. The saliva and serum 1,5-AG levels detected by enzymatic method are not well correlated, and thus the enzymatic detection of saliva 1,5-AG needs further improvement in clinical practice.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Saliva , China , Desoxiglucosa , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(14): 147202, 2020 Oct 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064512

RESUMEN

By engineering an anti-parity-time (anti-PT) symmetric cavity magnonics system with precise eigenspace controllability, we observe two different singularities in the same system. One type of singularity, the exceptional point (EP), is produced by tuning the magnon damping. Between two EPs, the maximal coherent superposition of photon and magnon states is robustly sustained by the preserved anti-PT symmetry. The other type of singularity, arising from the dissipative coupling of two antiresonances, is an unconventional bound state in the continuum (BIC). At the settings of BICs, the coupled system exhibits infinite discontinuities in the group delay. We find that both singularities coexist at the equator of the Bloch sphere, which reveals a unique hybrid state that simultaneously exhibits the maximal coherent superposition and slow light capability.

14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(38): 2990-2996, 2020 Oct 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33086449

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the appropriate cut-off point of time in range (TIR) for evaluating glucose control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, and analyze the prevalence of abnormal carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in different TIR categories. Methods: A total of 2 161 subjects with T2DM (1 183 males) were enrolled from hospitalized patients at the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism of the Sixth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University from January 2005 to February 2012. The age of the enrolled participants was (60.4±11.9) years. Each patient underwent continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) for three consecutive days, then TIR (3.9-10.0 mmol/L), time above range (TAR) and time below range (TBR) were calculated. Fundus photography and carotid artery Doppler ultrasound were performed to diagnose DR and abnormal CIMT (defined as CIMT≥1.0 mm), respectively. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to examine the independent association of different TIR groups with CIMT and DR. Results: All subjects were divided into 4 groups according to TIR:≤40%, 41%-70%, 71%-85% and>85%. Significant linear trends in age, diabetes duration, body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol, glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), TAR and mean glucose (MG) existed among the 4 groups (all P(trend)<0.05). However, there was only a weak correlation between TIR and TBR (<3.9 mmol/L) (r=0.087, P<0.001), and no significant association was observed between TBR (<3 mmol/L) and the TIR categories (P(trend)=0.378). The overall prevalence of abnormal CIMT and DR was 12.1% and 23.8%, respectively. The prevalence of abnormal CIMT in the 4 groups with ascending levels of TIR was 16.9% (59/349), 12.9% (96/746), 11.2% (57/510) and 9.0% (50/556) (P(trend)<0.001), respectively. And the prevalence of DR was 30.7% (107/349), 29.4% (219/746), 20.8% (106/510) and 14.9% (83/556), respectively (P(trend)<0.001). In the binary logistic regression model by adjusting confounding factors, compared with TIR≤ 40%, the risk of abnormal CIMT was reduced by 33.8% (OR=0.662, 95%CI: 0.456-0.963, P=0.031), 40.8% (OR=0.592, 95%CI: 0.390-0.899, P=0.014), and 45.0% (OR=0.550, 95%CI: 0.358-0.846, P=0.006) in the other three groups, respectively. And the risk of DR was reduced by 2.9% (OR=0.971, 95%CI: 0.725-1.301, P=0.844), 33.4%(OR=0.666, 95%CI: 0.479-0.924, P=0.015) and 53.3% (OR=0.467, 95%CI: 0.331-0.657, P<0.001), respectively. Conclusion: Using 40%, 70% and 85% as cut-off point of TIR helps stratify the risk of diabetic complications, and assess the glucose control (Poor: TIR≤40%; Unsatisfactory: TIR≤70%; Satisfactory: TIR>70%; Optimal: TIR>85%) in patients with T2DM.


Asunto(s)
Glucemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Automonitorización de la Glucosa Sanguínea , Grosor Intima-Media Carotídeo , China , Humanos , Masculino
15.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 933-934, 2020 Nov 02.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120467
16.
Sci Adv ; 6(42)2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067237

RESUMEN

The atmosphere contains an abundance of fresh water, but this resource has yet to be harvested efficiently. To date, passive atmospheric water sorbents have required a desorption step that relies on steady solar irradiation. Since the availability and intensity of solar radiation vary, these limit on-demand desorption and hence the amount of harvestable water. Here, we report a polymer-metal-organic framework that provides simultaneous and uninterrupted sorption and release of atmospheric water. The adaptable nature of the hydro-active polymer, and its hybridization with a metal-organic framework, enables enhanced sorption kinetics, water uptake, and spontaneous water oozing. We demonstrate continuous water delivery for 1440 hours, producing 6 g of fresh water per gram of sorbent at 90% relative humidity (RH) per day without active condensation. This leads to a total liquid delivery efficiency of 95% and an autonomous liquid delivery efficiency of 71%, the record among reported atmospheric water harvesters.

17.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 91(8): 083302, 2020 Aug 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872961

RESUMEN

In order to diagnose the electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma, a high-efficiency collimation system has been developed at the Institute of Modern Physics, and the bremsstrahlung spectra in the range of 10 keV-300 keV were measured on a third generation superconducting ECR ion source, SECRAL-II, with a CdTe detector. Used as a comparative index of the mean energy of the high energy electron population, the spectral temperature, Ts, is derived through a linear fitting of the spectra in a semi-logarithmic representation. The influences of some main source parameters, such as the neutral gas pressure, extraction voltage, microwave power, and bias disk voltage, on the high energy electrons are systemically investigated.

19.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(10): 104801, 2020 Sep 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32955303

RESUMEN

Acceleration of ultrathin foils by the laser radiation pressure promises a compact alternative to the conventional ion sources. Among the challenges on the way to practical realization, one fundamental is a strong transverse plasma instability, which develops density perturbations and breaks the acceleration. In this Letter, we develop a theoretical model supported by three-dimensional numerical simulations to explain the transverse instability growth from noise to wave breaking and its crucial effect on stopping the acceleration. The wave-broken nonlinear mode triggers rapid stochastic heating that finally explodes the target. Possible paths to mitigate this problem for getting efficient ion acceleration are discussed.

20.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(10): 1046-1051, 2020 Oct 08.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32992421

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the protective effect of dihydromyricetin (DHM) on doxorubicin (DOX)-induced myocardial injury and its mechanism. Methods: Twenty-four healthy male SD rats were divided into 4 groups: control group, DOX group, DOX+DHM100 group and DOX+DHM200 group. Echocardiography was used to measure cardiac function. At the end of the 6th week, the rats were anesthetized and sacrificed, and the pathological changes of the cardiac tissues were observed by HE staining, Masson staining and WGA staining. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis was observed by TUNEL staining, and protein levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1ß, bax and bcl-2 were detected by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Results: Compared with the control group, the left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular fractional shortening decreased significantly in DOX group, while left ventricular internal dimension at systole and left ventricular internal dimension at diastole increased. In DOX+DHM group, both left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular fractional shortening increased, while left ventricular internal dimension at systole and left ventricular internal dimension at diastole decreased (P<0.05). Furthermore, DOX group showed significant myocardial injury histologically, while DOX+DHM group significantly inhibited DOX-induced myocardial injury in rats. Meanwhile, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was found in the DOX group, while the cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was notably inhibited in the DOX+DHM group. Compared with the control group, the apoptotic rates of cardiomyocytes and the levels of bax/bcl-2 ratio were significantly increased in DOX group, which were significantly alleviated in the DOX+DHM group (P<0.05). In addition, the levels of NLRP3, caspase-1 and IL-1ß were increased as compared with control group, while the levels of the above indicators were remarkably reversed in DOX+DHM group as compared with DOX group (P<0.05). Conclusion: DHM alleviates DOX-induced myocardial injury in rats by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome and reducing cardiomyocyte apoptosis.


Asunto(s)
Inflamasomas , Función Ventricular Izquierda , Animales , Doxorrubicina , Masculino , Proteína con Dominio Pirina 3 de la Familia NLR/genética , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Volumen Sistólico
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