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J Contemp Dent Pract ; 20(10): 1126-1131, 2019 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883244


AIM: Modern clinical caries management involves early stage caries diagnosis and should fit with dental health policy. The objective of this study was to achieve early caries detection in enamel and dentine with a laser-based system (DIAGNOdent™ pen) first and secondary with a new fluorescence intra-oral camera (Soprolife®). A visual inspection with a loupe was used as control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following the consolidated standards of reporting trials recommendations, 628 occlusal fissures were included for analysis. RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity of both devices varied depending on the cutoff threshold of the caries score, and the ROC curve showed higher values for the Soprolife® than for DIAGNOdent™ pen. The values of the area under the curve decreased from 0.81 (Soprolife® in daylight) to 0.79 (Soprolife® in fluorescent mode) and 0.67 for DIAGNOdent™ pen. DIAGNOdent™ pen reproducibility (intra and inter-investigator) showed a wide dispersion, with many values scattered beyond the confidence limits (±2 SD), and the weighted kappa coefficient, which was quite low (0.58), confirmed this tendency. CONCLUSION: Caries prevalence in terms of public health policy is of interest and caries detection increased significantly when using an fluorescence-based intra-oral camera. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The clinical significance of these findings is that fluorescence could help improve caries diagnosis, reduce clinical misinterpretations, and finally benefit the patients. How to cite this article: Terrer E, Slimani A, Giraudeau N, et al. Performance of Fluorescence-based Systems in Early Caries Detection: A Public Health Issue. J Contemp Dent Pract 2019;20(10):1126-1132.

Caries Dental , Salud Pública , Esmalte Dental , Dentina , Fluorescencia , Humanos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
Histochem Cell Biol ; 121(1): 47-53, 2004 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14673660


An antiserum was generated from synthetic peptides highly conserved between different mammalian species to immunolocalise the small leucine-rich proteoglycan osteoadherin (OSAD) in murine teeth. In 19-day-old embryos of rats and mice, a positive staining was found in incisor predentin and alveolar bone surrounding developing incisors and molars. In newborns, OSAD was detected at the tip of the first molar cusp where it accumulated in predentin concomitantly with odontoblast differentiation. In 2-day-old rats and mice, in the first molar, immunostaining revealed positive predentin, enamel matrix close to the apical pole of ameloblasts and a strong signal in dentin. At this stage, OSAD was detected in predentin in the second molar. Ultrastructural immunocytochemistry showed gold particles associated with collagen fibres in predentin and in foci at the dentin mineralisation front. Gold particles were also detected near the secretory pole of ameloblasts where enamel crystallites elongate. No staining was detected in pulp tissue and dental follicle. Restriction of OSAD expression to the extracellular matrix of bone, dentin and enamel suggests a role of this proteoglycan in the organisation of mineralised tissues.

Proteínas de la Matriz Extracelular/análisis , Matriz Extracelular/química , Proteoglicanos/análisis , Diente/química , Animales , Animales Recién Nacidos , Anticuerpos/metabolismo , Especificidad de Anticuerpos , Matriz Extracelular/ultraestructura , Inmunohistoquímica , Ratones , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Diente Molar/química , Diente Molar/embriología , Diente Molar/ultraestructura , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Diente/embriología , Diente/ultraestructura , Germen Dentario/química , Germen Dentario/embriología , Germen Dentario/ultraestructura
Connect Tissue Res ; 43(2-3): 345-53, 2002.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12489179


Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) is generally considered to be a potent inducer of dentin formation. In order to further assess this role, we studied the influence of this factor in human dental pulp cells on the expression of osteoadherin (OSAD), a newly described proteoglycan found in bone and dentin and suspected to play a role in mineralization events. We performed TGF beta 1 stimulation both in cultures of human tooth thick slices including mature odontoblasts and in pulp explant cultures giving rise to early secretory odontoblasts or pulpal fibroblasts. We first showed by immunohistochemistry that molecules involved in TGF beta 1 signal transduction, that is, membrane receptors T beta RI and T beta RII and intracellular proteins SMAD-2, SMAD-3, and SMAD-4, were present in human dental cells in vivo and were all maintained after culture of thick-sliced teeth in cells undergoing TGF beta 1 stimulation. In this culture system, OSAD synthesis was increased in mature odontoblasts close to the TGF beta 1 delivery system. In explant cultures, semiquantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis indicated that the growth factor stimulated OSAD gene expression in early secretory odontoblasts and in pulpal fibroblasts. Taken together, these results indicate that OSAD expression is stimulated by TGF beta 1 in pulpal fibroblasts and in early secretory and mature odontoblasts. We suggest that TGF beta 1 in this way could control the organization and the mineralization of the extracellular matrix deposited by these cells during dentin formation.

Proteínas de la Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Odontoblastos/metabolismo , Proteoglicanos/metabolismo , Transducción de Señal , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta/fisiología , Técnicas de Cultivo , Humanos , Odontoblastos/efectos de los fármacos , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta/farmacología , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta1