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1.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 213, 2021 Sep 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488798

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although physical activity (PA) and sedentary time in cancer survivors (CSs) were associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL), it was not clear whether their associations were similar among CSs with different number of comorbid chronic diseases (CCDs). This study aimed to investigate the associations between PA, sedentary time and HRQOL in CSs with different number of CCDs. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1546 CSs between June and September 2018 in Shanghai, China. Data were collected with a self-reported questionnaire including sociodemographic characteristics, CCDs, PA, sedentary time and HRQOL. International Physical Activity Questionnaire and Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core30 were respectively used to measure PA and HRQOL of CSs. Associations of PA and sedentary time with HRQOL among CSs with different number of CCDs were evaluated by using logistic regression, adjusted for confounding factors. RESULTS: About seventy-five percent CSs had at least one CCD. Approximately three fifths CSs had high PA level and < 4 h/day sedentary time. Moderate PA level and high PA level were shown to be associated with better HRQOL among all participants. In CSs with ≤ 2 CCDs, high PA level was significantly associated with higher scores of physical function and lower scores of nausea and vomiting, appetite loss. However, there was a positive association between high PA level and constipation score among CSs with ≥ 3 CCDs. CSs with shorter sedentary time had better HRQOL in those with CCDs. CONCLUSIONS: High PA level and long sedentary time have significant association with worse HRQOL of CSs with ≥ 3 CCDs, while high PA level is positively associated with HRQOL in CSs with ≤ 2 CCDs. Our findings may support further studies of the causal association between PA, sedentary times and HRQOL to provide targeted proposal to improve the HRQOL of CSs according to their number of CCDs.


Asunto(s)
Supervivientes de Cáncer/psicología , Ejercicio Físico/fisiología , Neoplasias/mortalidad , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Conducta Sedentaria , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Ejercicio Físico/psicología , Femenino , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias/terapia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Terapéutica
2.
Psychooncology ; 28(6): 1269-1277, 2019 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946503

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Cancer survivors (CSs) often face the dual physical burden of cancer and other comorbid chronic disease (CCD) and have a great deal of psychological distress, such as anxiety and depression. However, the association between CCD and psychological problems remain less clear in CS. This study was performed to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and depression in Chinese CS, and whether CCD have impact on CSs' anxiety and depression. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1546 CSs in Shanghai, China. All participants were asked to complete a questionnaire containing Zung self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), Zung self-rating depression scale (SDS), and questions on sociodemographic characteristics and CCD. Associations between CCDs, and anxiety and depression, were evaluated by using logistic regression, adjusted for confounding factors. RESULTS: The prevalence of anxiety and depression in CSs were 28.2 % and 48.2%, respectively. 74.9% CSs had one or more comorbidities. Almost all CCDs examined showed associations with anxiety, except for CSs with diabetes. CSs with hyperlipidemia, diabetes, heart and cardiovascular diseases, and musculoskeletal diseases had significantly greater depression scores. When compared with those without CCD, CSs with one to two CCDs and greater than or equal to three CCDs had higher risks of anxiety and depression. CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety and depression were more prevalent among CSs who also had CCDs. CCD have significantly negative association with CSs' anxiety and depression. Further cohort research will help deduce the causal relationships between CCDs, and anxiety and depression.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/epidemiología , Supervivientes de Cáncer/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermedad Crónica/epidemiología , Depresión/epidemiología , Neoplasias/epidemiología , Adulto , Anciano , China/epidemiología , Comorbilidad , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
3.
BMJ Open ; 9(12): e028458, 2019 12 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892642

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between health literacy (HL) and quality of life (QOL) among cancer survivors in China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in China. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This is a cross-sectional observational study of 4589 cancer survivors aged 18 years and older from the Shanghai Cancer Rehabilitation Club. Participants were enrolled and completed the questionnaires between May and July 2017. MEASUREMENT: HL was assessed by three established screening questions and QOL was evaluated using the simplified Chinese version of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality-of-Life Questionnaire-Core 30 items. Answers to all questionnaires were collected through face-to-face interviews or through self-administered questionnaires for literate participants. Participants were excluded if they did not answer any one of the HL questions. Baseline characteristics were compared by levels of HL using χ2 test for categorical variables and Wilcoxon rank-sum test for non-normal continuous variables. The item response theory (IRT) was used to evaluate the existing measure of HL. Linear regression and logistic regression models were used to investigate the association between HL and QOL. SAS V.9.4 and MULTILOG V.7.03 were used in the analysis. RESULTS: There were 4589 participants included in the study. The calculated results of IRT scale parameters of HL entries indicate that the entries have better discrimination and difficulty. Of the 4589 respondents, 159 (3.5%) had low HL. After adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, treatment regimen and years with cancers, for each one-point decrement in HL score the QOL score increased by 2.07 (p<0.001). Cancer survivors with low HL were less likely than those with adequate HL to achieve better QOL. In logistic regression, low HL was independently associated with poor QOL (adjusted OR, 2.81; 95% CI 1.94 to 4.06; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Low HL was independently associated with poor QOL among cancer survivors of the Shanghai Cancer Rehabilitation Club.


Asunto(s)
Supervivientes de Cáncer/psicología , Alfabetización en Salud , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Anciano , China , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Modelos Lineales , Modelos Logísticos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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