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1.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(17): 523-526, 2020 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32352954

RESUMEN

On March 30, 2020, Public Health - Seattle and King County (PHSKC) was notified of a confirmed case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a resident of a homeless shelter and day center (shelter A). Residents from two other homeless shelters (B and C) used shelter A's day center services. Testing for SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, was offered to available residents and staff members at the three shelters during March 30-April 1, 2020. Among the 181 persons tested, 19 (10.5%) had positive test results (15 residents and four staff members). On April 1, PHSKC and CDC collaborated to conduct site assessments and symptom screening, isolate ill residents and staff members, reinforce infection prevention and control practices, provide face masks, and advise on sheltering-in-place. Repeat testing was offered April 7-8 to all residents and staff members who were not tested initially or who had negative test results. Among the 118 persons tested in the second round of testing, 18 (15.3%) had positive test results (16 residents and two staff members). In addition to the 31 residents and six staff members identified through testing at the shelters, two additional cases in residents were identified during separate symptom screening events, and four were identified after two residents and two staff members independently sought health care. In total, COVID-19 was diagnosed in 35 of 195 (18%) residents and eight of 38 (21%) staff members who received testing at the shelter or were evaluated elsewhere. COVID-19 can spread quickly in homeless shelters; rapid interventions including testing and isolation to identify cases and minimize transmission are necessary. CDC recommends that homeless service providers implement appropriate infection control practices, apply physical distancing measures including ensuring resident's heads are at least 6 feet (2 meters) apart while sleeping, and promote use of cloth face coverings among all residents (1).


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus/aislamiento & purificación , Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Brotes de Enfermedades , Personas sin Hogar/estadística & datos numéricos , Vivienda/estadística & datos numéricos , Neumonía Viral/diagnóstico , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Washingtón/epidemiología
2.
J Public Health Manag Pract ; 23(6): 608-613, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28125540

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To describe the current use of obstetric practice Web sites to disseminate Zika virus information to patients. DESIGN: Review of 913 randomly selected practice Web sites and associated social media accounts in January and August 2016. SETTING: Obstetric practice Web sites and associated social media accounts, United States of America. PARTICIPANTS: N/A. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of obstetric practice Web sites and linked social media accounts providing Zika virus information. RESULTS: Twenty-five percent and 35% of obstetric practice Web sites had information posted about Zika virus in January 2016 and August 2016, respectively. Between the 2 time points, the proportion of practices posting Zika virus content on Facebook and Twitter declined (Facebook: 15% in January, 9% in August; Twitter: 12% in January, 8% in August). In August, the most frequently observed Zika virus-related content themes were the use of insect repellent (14%) and travel advisories (14%). At both time points, practices affiliated with large university hospitals were more likely to have posted information on Zika virus than independent OB/GYN-only practices: January: odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval [CI]) = 5.68 (3.50-9.20); August: OR (95% CI) = 8.37 (5.31-13.17). Similarly, practices associated with nonuniversity hospitals were more likely to have posted information than independent OB/GYN-only practices: January: OR (95% CI) = 2.71 (1.88-3.92); August: OR (95% CI) = 6.75 (4.75-9.60). CONCLUSION: Obstetric care practices are not fully utilizing their practice Web sites to relay Zika virus information to their patients. Since practitioner-sponsored Web sites have the capacity to directly reach the populations at greatest risk for Zika virus complications, public health professionals should consider adapting their materials and provider outreach campaigns to more easily accommodate Web site-based information dissemination during this type of public health emergency. There must be greater recognition of the value information gains in the eyes of the patient when it is validated by their own provider, especially when that patient is part of the highest-risk population for a given emergency. Public health organizations should strive to minimize the burden it takes for providers to relay useful resources to patients in order to maximize the impact that those resources can have.


Asunto(s)
Obstetricia/métodos , Educación del Paciente como Asunto/métodos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Infección por el Virus Zika/diagnóstico , Virus Zika/patogenicidad , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Difusión de la Información/métodos , Internet/estadística & datos numéricos , Obstetricia/estadística & datos numéricos , Educación del Paciente como Asunto/normas , Educación del Paciente como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Embarazo , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Estados Unidos
3.
AIDS Educ Prev ; 28(5): 426-439, 2016 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27710082

RESUMEN

Community-based organizations (CBOs) are critical to delivery of effective HIV prevention because of their reach to key populations. This online survey of a national sample of CBOs assessed their awareness of, interest in, and resources needed to provide nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis (nPEP), preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and HIV treatment as prevention (TasP). One hundred seventy-five CBOs participated: 87 clinical and 88 nonclinical CBOs. For nPEP, PrEP, and TasP, program managers reported that awareness was high (94%, 90%, 85%), meeting current client need was low (20%, 13%, 18%), and the likelihood of increasing their current provision with additional resources was somewhat high (62%, 64%, 62%). Clinical CBOs were more prepared to support expansion of these biomedical interventions than nonclinical CBOs. Meeting the information, training, and resource needs of CBOs is critical for effective collaboration to reduce the number of new HIV infections through expanded delivery of PrEP, nPEP, and TasP.


Asunto(s)
Fármacos Anti-VIH/uso terapéutico , Infecciones por VIH/prevención & control , Intención , Organizaciones sin Fines de Lucro , Profilaxis Posexposición/métodos , Profilaxis Pre-Exposición/métodos , Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida , Servicios de Salud Comunitaria , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
4.
J Couns Psychol ; 60(4): 520-531, 2013 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23815629

RESUMEN

Two established but disparate lines of research exist: studies examining the self-stigma associated with mental illness and studies examining the self-stigma associated with seeking psychological help. Whereas some researchers have implicitly treated these 2 constructs as synonymous, others have made the argument that they are theoretically and empirically distinct. To help clarify this debate, we examined in the present investigation the overlap and uniqueness of the self-stigmas associated with mental illness and with seeking psychological help. Data were collected from a sample of college undergraduates experiencing clinical levels of psychological distress (N = 217) and a second sample of community members with a self-reported history of mental illness (N = 324). Confirmatory factor analyses provide strong evidence for the factorial independence of the 2 types of self-stigma. Additionally, results of regression analyses in both samples suggest that the 2 self-stigmas uniquely predict variations in stigma-related constructs (i.e., shame, self-blame, and social inadequacy) and attitudes and intentions to seek help. Implications for researchers and clinicians interested in understanding stigma and enhancing mental health service utilization are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Actitud Frente a la Salud , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/psicología , Autoimagen , Estigma Social , Estereotipo , Adulto , Consejo/estadística & datos numéricos , Análisis Factorial , Femenino , Humanos , Intención , Masculino , Trastornos Mentales/terapia , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Vergüenza , Adulto Joven
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