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J Esthet Restor Dent ; 32(7): 645-661, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776711


OBJECTIVES: To introduce a minimally invasive and simple ortho-pros approach for localized tooth wear treatment. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: Four patients with localized anterior and/or posterior tooth wear were treated. Occlusal analyses were performed, and localized wax-up or digital setup were designed based on estimated tissue loss. No-prep anterior and posterior partial-coverage polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN, Vita Enamic) restorations (eg, palatal and occlusal veneers) were computer-aided designed and manufactured (CAD-CAM), tried in, and bonded in supraocclusion, creating a posterior open bite. Then, brief partial (three patients) or global (one patient, for anterior teeth alignment request) orthodontic treatment was performed to extrude the posterior teeth and re-establish posterior occlusal contacts. The orthodontic treatment duration was ~2 months for extrusion. Direct composites were performed to mask the labial finish line of palatal veneers. Clinical results were successful after a follow-up of 15, 21, 23, and 47 months, with 100% success rate of PICN anterior restorations and some minor chippings of borders of thin (0.2 mm) posterior occlusal veneers. Patient-reported outcomes were positive. CONCLUSION: Orthodontic-assisted one step-no prep technique is an advantageous and straightforward evolution of the Dahl concept. PICNs exhibit several advantages in this interdisciplinary approach. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: New hybrid-ceramic CAD-CAM materials and a collaborative interdisciplinary approach support the evolution of the Dahl concept for conservative treatment of worn dentitions. The orthodontic-assisted one step-no prep technique is predictable, efficient, and well tolerated by patients and conserves tooth structure.

Implantes Dentales , Desgaste de los Dientes , Cerámica , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Porcelana Dental , Humanos , Polímeros
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 32(2): 141-149, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30367707


OBJECTIVES: To introduce a novel approach for full-mouth rehabilitation of severely worn dentition using polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) computer-aided-design and manufacturing (CAD-CAM) restorations, without tooth tissue preparation and provisional phase. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: Three patients with generalized tooth wear, suffering from dental pain, masticatory dysfunction, bruxism and neck and back pain, were selected and treated in collaboration with physiotherapists. Occlusal analyses were performed and full-mouth diagnostic wax-ups were designed on the basis of estimated tissue loss. Deficient direct restorations were replaced and low-thickness PICN (Vita Enamic) restorations (up to 0.2 mm) were CAD-CAM designed from wax-ups, milled, tried-in and then bonded within two consecutive days. To mask palatal veneers, either buccal direct composites or glass-ceramic veneers were later performed. An occlusal splint was realized. Clinical results were shown to be successful after a follow-up of 22, 18, and 13 months, respectively. The absence of provisional phase did not engender any inconveniences. Patient reported outcomes were very positive, showing a reduction in neck and back pain and a well-being increase. CONCLUSION: The proposed protocol is particularly minimally invasive and straightforward compared to classical techniques. PICNs exhibit several advantages compared to other materials. Preliminary results of this multidisciplinary approach are promising but deserve further clinical research. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The development of CAD-CAM technologies offers the possibility of improving treatment of severe worn dentition, reducing chairtime and need of tooth tissue preparation, and introducing a new class of composite materials (hybrid ceramics), which exhibit interesting properties for this indication. The influence of the proposed multidisciplinary approach, particularly the collaboration with physiotherapists, needs to be further explored with respect to treatment of associated symptoms, such as masticatory muscles hypertrophy and neck pain.

Implantes Dentales , Polímeros , Cerámica , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Porcelana Dental , Dentición , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Rehabilitación Bucal