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PLoS One ; 16(9): e0256136, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469453


BACKGROUND: Political ideologies drove public actions and health behaviors in the first year of the global pandemic. Different ideas about contagion, health behaviors, and the actions of governing bodies impacted the spread of the virus and health and life. Researchers used an immediate, mixed methods design to explore sociocultural responses to the virus and identified differences and similarities in anxiety, fear, blame, and perceptions of nation across political divides. METHODS: Researchers conducted 60 in-depth, semi-structured interviews and administered over 1,000 questionnaires with people living in the United States. The team analyzed data through an exploratory and confirmatory sequential mixed methods design. RESULTS: In the first months of the pandemic interviewees cited economic inequality, untrustworthy corporations and other entities, and the federal government as threats to life and pandemic control. Participants invoked ideas about others to determine blame. Findings reveal heavy associations between lack of safety during a public health crisis and blame of "culture" and government power across the political spectrum. CONCLUSION: Data indicate anxiety across political differences related to ideas of contagion and the maleficence of a powerful elite. Findings on how people understand the nation, politics, and pandemic management contribute to understanding dimensions of health behaviors and underlying connections between anxiety and the uptake of conspiracy theories in public health. The article ends with recommendations drawn from project findings for future pandemic response.

Ansiedad , COVID-19 , Miedo/psicología , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Ansiedad/psicología , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/psicología , Gobierno Federal , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Salud Pública , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
J Community Psychol ; 49(6): 2059-2070, 2021 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729586


International research collaborators conducted research investigating sociocultural responses to the Covid-19 pandemic. Our mixed methods research design includes surveys and interviews conducted between March and September of 2020 including 249 of 506 survey responses and 18 of 50 in-depth, exploratory, semi-structured interviews with self-defined politically left-leaning women in the United States. We employ a sequential design to analyze statistical and qualitative data. Despite international data suggesting that trust in federal governments reduces anxiety, women who did not trust and actively opposed the Trump administration reported lower levels of anxiety than expected. Results indicate reliance on and development of new forms of connection that seem to mitigate symptomatic anxieties when living in opposition. Women living in opposition to the leadership of the federal government use and develop resources to help them cope. Research on coping strategies and mental health and anxiety during crisis can inform recommendations for ways to support and strengthen sense of coherence during tumultuous times.

Adaptación Psicológica , COVID-19/psicología , Gobierno Federal , Liderazgo , Política , Confianza/psicología , Adulto , Ansiedad/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos
Glob Health Promot ; 28(2): 17-26, 2021 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601955


Employing the salutogenic model, we asked how individuals in different countries cope with the COVID-19 crisis and stay healthy. We were interested in exploring the individual (i.e. sense of coherence) as well as the social and national resources (i.e. social support, sense of national coherence, and trust in governmental institutions) that could explain levels of mental health and anxiety during the outbreak of the pandemic. Data collection was conducted via convenience sampling on online platforms, during the end of March and the beginning of April 2020. The data included four samples: 640 Israeli participants (319 males), 622 Dutch participants (177 males), 924 Italian participants (338 males) and 489 Spanish participants (117 males); age range of 18-88 years. The questionnaires included standard tools (MHC-SF, GAD-7, SOC, SONC). Several questions were adapted to the context of coronavirus and measured levels of exposure to COVID-19, trust in governmental institutions, and social support. The results significantly confirmed the suggested salutogenic model regarding the contribution to individual and national coping resources to anxiety levels and mental health. The patterns of the coping resources in explaining anxiety and mental health were similar in the four samples, and SOC was the main predictor these outcomes. Despite these similarities, a different pattern and also different magnitudes of the predictive value of the coping resources were found for the two different reactions: anxiety vs. mental health. While SOC and situational factors (like financial threat) were significant in explaining anxiety levels, the SOC and national resources were found as significant in explaining mental health levels. The findings support the salutogenic approach in studying reactions during pandemic time. They also shed some light on the difference between pathogenic and salutogenic measures in studying psychological reactions to stressful situations.

Adaptación Psicológica , Ansiedad , COVID-19 , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Ansiedad/epidemiología , COVID-19/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Israel , Italia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Países Bajos , España , Estrés Psicológico , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
J Soc Psychol ; 156(5): 469-82, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26666694


The current article attempts to broaden the individual-based concept of sense of coherence to the community level. We examine sense of community coherence and its connection with perceptions of collective narratives and acculturation tendencies in the social context of Palestinian Muslims and Christians living in Israel. Questionnaires that were developed and adapted for the unique population in this study were distributed to a representative sample of 1034 Muslims (455 males) and 720 Christians (354 males), all Israeli citizens aged 18 and up. As expected, sense of community coherence was negatively related to the level of acceptance of the out-group collective narratives and positively related to the level of acceptance of the in-group collective narratives. In the same vein, it was also positively related to the tendency for separation and negatively related to the tendency for integration and assimilation. The discussion focuses on the contribution of the research findings to the deepening of our understanding of the concepts of sense of coherence and sense of community coherence.

Procesos de Grupo , Religión y Psicología , Sentido de Coherencia , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Israel/etnología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven
J Soc Psychol ; 149(4): 450-73, 2009 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19702105


The authors investigated how 2 groups with unequal social power - immigrant adolescents from Ethiopia (n = 241) and the former USSR (n = 531)-and their Israeli host peers (n = 854) might construct an immigrant identity regarding adaptation to life in their new country. The authors introduce the concept of immigrant identity representations based an integrative model combining parts of J. W. Berry's (1990) acculturation model (BAM) and H. Tajfel's (1981) version of social identity theory (SIT). The findings reveal a common pattern of identity representations and are interpreted in terms of the integrative combination of the BAM and SIT frameworks.

Aculturación , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes/psicología , Identificación Social , Adolescente , Conducta del Adolescente , Etiopía/etnología , Femenino , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Israel , Masculino , Poder Psicológico , Instituciones Académicas , Ajuste Social , Estudiantes , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , U.R.S.S./etnología