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1.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(11): 863-869, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121608

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: Patients seropositive HIV and AIDS represent a group of patients who experience longer longevity at the expense of effective therapies for infection control and related opportunistic diseases. However, the prolonged use of these drugs is often associated with adverse events, which theoretically may influence dental management and the long-term stability of dental implants. The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate a group of HIV-positive people from a previous study who had received dental implants for 12 years after oral rehabilitation and functional loading. CASE DESCRIPTION: Nine patients with a total of 18 implants participated in this study. Viral load was undetectable in 8 patients, with 1 who had 48 copies/milliliter. The cluster of differentiation 4 T lymphocyte count ranged from 227 through 1,000 cells/cubic millimeter, mean (standard deviation [SD]) 564 (271.13) cells/mm3. Five of the 9 (55.5%) patients had visible plaque, and 5 (55.5%) had bleeding on probing with no implant mobility. Radiographs obtained at 6 months, 12 months, and 12 years of functional loading showed mean (SD) marginal bone losses of 0.32 (0.23) mm, 0.37 (0.23) mm, and 2.43 (1.48), respectively. CONCLUSION AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: These results suggest that dental implant treatment in HIV-positive patients achieved long-term survival, with a success rate comparable with that observed in healthy patients, indicating that implant rehabilitation is not a contraindication for HIV-positive patients.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Infecciones por VIH , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Estudios de Seguimiento , Infecciones por VIH/complicaciones , Infecciones por VIH/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento
2.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(9): e888-e891, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32994880

RESUMEN

Benign nerve sheath tumours include perineuriomas, schwannomas and neurofibromas. Hybrid schwannoma-perineurioma represents a cutaneous, subcutaneous or occasionally intra-osseous tumour with schwannian cytomorphology and perineurioma-like architecture consisting of a mixture of both types of cells. These tumours can develop at any age and there is no gender-predilection. Tongue is the most frequently affected site, followed by palate, mouth floor, jugal mucosa, lips and, more rarely, mandible. We present a case of hybrid tumour with schwannoma-perineurioma morphology located on the right mandibular body (intra-osseous) of a 54-year-old female patient. The tumour was symptomatic and evolving for six months. Microscopically, it was encapsulated and highly cellularised, presenting fascicular aspect and exhibiting scant mitotic activity. The tumour consisted of distinct cellular populations involving fusiform cells, cells with wavy and hyperchromatic nucleus or even epithelioid cells. Positive immunostaining for S-100 and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) was observed. The lesion was completely removed under general anaesthesia, with the patient showing no clinical or radiographic sign of relapse after two-year follow-up. Despite the limited knowledge on the pathogenesis of Hybrid Schwannoma-Perineurioma, these tumours seem to present a non-aggressive biological behaviour. Conservative surgery provides adequate solution without recurrence, even after a long-term follow-up. Key words:Nerve sheath tumours, Schwannoma, Perineurioma, Immunohistochemistry.

3.
Appl Opt ; 59(27): 8089-8097, 2020 Sep 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976386

RESUMEN

This paper presents a numerical-experimental procedure to characterize through-holes with arbitrary shapes present on metallic substrates under composite material sleeves using pulsed laser shearography and dynamic excitation combined to the finite element method. The so-called fitting process consists of matching experimental and numerical results in order to determine the shape and dimensions of the holes under the composite repair, or even quantify defects between layers of the composite laminate. The results show that the technique is capable of characterizing, in the worst case, the geometry of a hole with 83% accuracy and its respective area with a maximum error of approximately 20%. The advantageous results achieved in this research show that the fitting process can be very useful for real applications in the oil and petroleum industry.

4.
Spec Care Dentist ; 40(6): 605-610, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950040

RESUMEN

AIMS: The final diagnosis of oral mucosal ulcerations in solid organ transplant recipients represents a challenge. We describe a unique case of oral ulceration related to mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) toxicity, 11 years after kidney transplantation, whose dose reduction was sufficient to resolve it. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 54-year-old female patient, who underwent kidney transplantation 11 years ago, presents multiple ulcers on the buccal mucosa bilaterally, soft palate and tongue dorsum, for 8 months, with moderate pain. The diagnosis of oral ulcerations associated with MMF therapy was assumed by excluding infection and malignancy diagnosis. After MMF dose reduction, the oral ulcers healed utterly. CONCLUSIONS: MMF toxicity manifested as oral ulcers. Reduction or discontinuation of MMF therapy should be considered in a patient with refractory oral ulcers and a negative workup for other causes.


Asunto(s)
Trasplante de Riñón , Úlceras Bucales , Femenino , Rechazo de Injerto , Humanos , Inmunosupresores/efectos adversos , Trasplante de Riñón/efectos adversos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Ácido Micofenólico/efectos adversos , Úlceras Bucales/inducido químicamente , Úlceras Bucales/diagnóstico
5.
J. Health NPEPS ; 5(2): 60-74, set. 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1141200

RESUMEN

Objetivo: identificar as perspectivas de familiares de crianças e adolescentes com câncer quanto à assistência prestada pela equipe multiprofissional. Método: trata-se de estudo descritivo, exploratório e com abordagem qualitativa, realizado com familiares acompanhados por instituições hospitalares de Minas Gerais. Utilizou-se entrevista semiestruturada, executada por meio da aplicação de um formulário contendo 11 questões norteadoras, e os depoimentos gravados por meio de um celular com gravador MP3. Em seguida, foram transcritos na íntegra, categorizados e discutidos por meio de Análise de Conteúdo. Resultados: observou-se a participação ativa da equipe multiprofissional na prestação de assistência ao paciente oncológico e sua família. Conforme os depoimentos, a relação médico-paciente é permeada pela confiança, o que favorece o vínculo entre ambos e repercute no processo terapêutico. Quanto ao atendimento de enfermagem, psicologia, nutrição e serviço social, atribui-se a preocupação contínua com o diálogo, as necessidades específicas de cada paciente e orientações para realização dos procedimentos e acompanhamentos posteriores. Considerações finais: a assistência da equipe multiprofissional junto à criança e adolescente com câncer é vista como benéfica e deve ser integralmente compartilhada entre todos os envolvidos no processo de cuidado.


Objective: to identify the perspectives of family members of children and adolescents with cancer regarding the assistance provided by the multiprofessional team. Method: it is a descriptive, exploratory study with a qualitative approach, carried out with family members accompanied by hospitals in Minas Gerais. A semi-structured interview was used, carried out by applying a form containing 11 guiding questions, and the testimonies recorded using a cell phone with MP3 recorder. Then, they were transcribed in full, categorized and discussed through Content Analysis. Results: it was observed the active participation of the multiprofessional team in providing assistance to cancer patients and their families. According to the testimonies, the doctor-patient relationship is permeated by trust, which favors the bond between both and affects the therapeutic process. As for nursing care, psychology, nutrition and social work, the ongoing concern with dialogue, the specific needs of each patient and guidelines for carrying out the procedures and subsequent follow-up are attributed. Final considerations: the assistance of the multidisciplinary team with children and adolescents with cancer is seen as beneficial and must be fully shared among all those involved in the care process.


Objetivo: identificar las perspectivas de los familiares de niños y adolescentes con cáncer con respecto a la asistencia brindada por el equipo multiprofesional. Método: es un estudio exploratorio descriptivo con enfoque cualitativo, realizado con familiares acompañados por hospitales en Minas Gerais. Se utilizó una entrevista semiestructurada, realizada mediante la aplicación de un formulario que contiene 11 preguntas orientadoras, y los testimonios grabados utilizando un teléfono celular con grabadora de MP3. Luego, se transcribieron en su totalidad, se clasificaron y se discutieron a través del Análisis de contenido. Resultados: se observó la participación activa del equipo multiprofesional en la prestación de asistencia a pacientes con cáncer y sus familias. Según los testimonios, la relación médico-paciente está impregnada de confianza, lo que favorece el vínculo entre ambos y afecta el proceso terapéutico. En cuanto a la atención de enfermería, psicología, nutrición y trabajo social, se atribuye la preocupación constante por el diálogo, las necesidades específicas de cada paciente y las pautas para llevar a cabo los procedimientos y el seguimiento posterior. Consideraciones finales: la asistencia del equipo multidisciplinario con niños y adolescentes con cáncer se considera beneficiosa y debe compartirse plenamente entre todos los involucrados en el proceso de cuidado.


Asunto(s)
Grupo de Atención al Paciente , Neoplasias , Niño , Adolescente
6.
Rev. SOBECC ; 25(3): 187-193, 30-09-2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122976

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Apresentar as recomendações para reorganização do centro cirúrgico no atendimento a pacientes com suspeita ou confirmação de COVID-19. Método: Revisão crítica da literatura, com publicações dos anos de 2019 e 2020 relacionadas à produção científica, a normas técnicas, às diretrizes e recomendações de sociedades, para o gerenciamento do centro cirúrgico na assistência a pacientes durante a pandemia do novo coronavírus. Resultados: A gestão dos recursos humanos e materiais é primordial para: atender à demanda assistencial perioperatória; reorganizar os procedimentos cirúrgicos; garantir a segurança dos profissionais de saúde; organizar a sala cirúrgica com materiais necessários; planejar a recuperação pós-anestésica do paciente; e realizar limpeza e desinfecção da sala cirúrgica. Conclusão: As recomendações apresentadas direcionam os enfermeiros a aplicar as melhores práticas no atendimento aos pacientes, em consonância com evidências científicas recomendadas por instituições de referência, para promoção de assistência segura e de qualidade aos pacientes e profissionais.


Objective: To present the recommendations to reorganize surgical center in the care of patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19. Method: Critical literature review of the literature, with publications from 2019 and 2020 related to scientific production, technical standards, guidelines and recommendations of societies for managing the surgical center in the care of patients during the new coronavirus pandemic. Results: The management of human and material resources is essential to meet the perioperative care demand; reorganize surgical procedures; ensure the safety of health professionals; organize an operating room with required materials; plan the patient's post-anesthetic recovery; and perform cleaning and disinfection of the operating room. Conclusion: The recommendations direct nurses to apply best practices in patient care, in line with scientific evidence recommended by reference institutions, to promote safe and quality care for patients and professionals.


Objetivo: presentar las recomendaciones para la reorganización del Centro Quirúrgico en la atención de pacientes con COVID-19 sospechado o confirmado. Método: Revisión crítica de la literatura, con publicaciones de los años 2019 y 2020, relacionadas con producción científica, estándares técnicos, Guías y Recomendaciones de Sociedades, para el manejo del CQ en la asistencia a pacientes durante la pandemia del nuevo coronavirus. Resultados: La gestión de los recursos humanos y materiales es fundamental para atender la demanda de cuidados perioperatorios, reorganizar los procedimientos quirúrgicos; garantizar la seguridad de los profesionales de la salud; organizar el quirófano con los materiales necesarios; planificar la recuperación postanestésica del paciente y realizar la limpieza y desinfección del quirófano. Conclusión: Las recomendaciones presentadas a enfermeras directas para aplicar las mejores prácticas en la atención al paciente, en línea con la evidencia científica recomendada por las instituciones de referencia, para promover una atención segura y de calidad a pacientes y profesionales.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Centros Quirúrgicos , Enfermería , Pandemias , Enfermeras y Enfermeros
7.
Radiol Case Rep ; 15(8): 1133-1137, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32528602

RESUMEN

Cystic partially differentiated nephroblastoma is a rare renal tumor of childhood. It is part of a spectrum of multicystic renal tumors that also includes cystic nephroma and cystic Wilms' tumor. We present a case of cystic partially differentiated nephroblastoma, highlighting the clinical and imaging diagnostic challenge. Although the histological diagnostic criteria for all these 3 entities are well established, they are clinically and radiologically indistinguishable. Cystic partially differentiated nephroblastoma is often observed in male children under 2 years old. Typical clinical presentations include abdominal masses, abdominal pain and/or hematuria. Patients should be treated according to tumor histology and stage.

9.
Case Rep Dent ; 2019: 9712816, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583140

RESUMEN

A 30-year-old Caucasian man presented with an 18-month history of an asymptomatic calcified mass, located on the buccal side of the alveolar ridge. Medical records did not present any underlying conditions. On intraoral examination, the lesion was located on the right side of the maxilla, showing mucosal fenestration with mineralized tissue measuring approximately 1 cm in diameter. Radiographic examination showed multiple radiopaque masses. Incisional biopsy was performed, and histological analysis revealed a presence of enamel matrix, dentin, and cementum, resembling tooth-like structures. Surgical removal was offered after the diagnostic confirmation of peripheral odontoma, but the patient refused because of the asymptomatic nature of the lesion.

10.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 31: 17-22, 2019 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060829

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cancer is a complex disease, with poor prognosis when associated with malnutrition. This condition can lead to Cancer Cachexia (CC), a syndrome characterized by loss of muscle mass with or without fat loss, often associated with higher risk of death. Although there are recommended screening tools to assess nutritional status in cancer patients, such as Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA), little is known about CC prediction. The aim was to investigate the association between nutritional status of patients with head, neck and abdominal cancer, assessed by PG-SGA at the day of hospitalization, with CC, hospitalization time and death. METHODS: This is a retrospective longitudinal study, where we collected data of 97 patients about PG-SGA nutritional classification, anthropometry, gender, age, cachexia diagnosis and death. RESULTS: PG-SGA classification was strongly associated with all the anthropometric measures (p < 0.0001). According to PG-SGA classification, 30.61% (n = 15) of patients in group A developed pre-cachexia; 38.24% in group B developed CC (n = 13); and 60% (n = 9) in group C developed refractory cachexia (p < 0.0001). Death rate was 24.49% (n = 12), 54.55% (n = 18) and 80% (n = 12) in groups A, B and C, respectively (p < 0.0001). PG-SGA had good sensibility (89.5%) and accuracy (72%) for CC, and also good specificity (75.51%) and accuracy (69%) for death. CONCLUSIONS: PG-SGA demonstrated a significative association with the variables measured and was able to predict CC and death. This, in addition to its simple applicability, suggests that PG-SGA can be a useful tool to screen cancer patients for CC establishment and death risk.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Abdominales/complicaciones , Neoplasias Abdominales/mortalidad , Caquexia/complicaciones , Caquexia/mortalidad , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/mortalidad , Evaluación Nutricional , Antropometría , Índice de Masa Corporal , Femenino , Hospitalización , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Desnutrición/complicaciones , Desnutrición/mortalidad , Tamizaje Masivo , Persona de Mediana Edad , Mortalidad , Estado Nutricional , Estudios Retrospectivos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
11.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 15: 417-428, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30787616

RESUMEN

Purpose: To evaluate the performance improvement of individuals with hemiparesis cerebral palsy (CP) using a virtual task. Participants and methods: Twenty individuals were selected and distributed into two groups. The experimental group (CP group) comprised ten individuals with a medical diagnosis of CP, and ten individuals with typical development (sex- and age-matched) composed the control group (TD group). Both groups followed the same intervention protocol, which included a virtual coincident timing task: the participants performed upper limb movements in front of a computer's webcam and interacted with the task with the aim of virtually intercepting spheres that fell in four rows following the rhythm of a pre-selected song during an 8-minute period. To verify the influence on a real task, pre- and posttests were performed in a similar task, but with physical contact (using the spacebar on the keyboard of a computer). To analyze the data, we evaluated the variable, constant, and absolute errors during the task and in the pre- and posttests. Results: The results showed that there was an improvement in performance between the pre- and posttests; that is, after practicing the task in an environment without physical contact, there was a performance improvement in posttests in the real task, but only for the CP group. Moreover, there were significant differences in precision and accuracy between the two groups, with worse performance in the CP group. Conclusion: Individuals with CP presented better performance in the real task after practice in a virtual reality task, albeit with worse performance compared with individuals with TD. This is an interesting result that supports the possible use of virtual tasks for the rehabilitation of individuals with CP.

12.
Oral Dis ; 25(4): 1100-1106, 2019 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30801844

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To verify whether there are differences between populations of CD8 + and FoxP3 + T cells in lesions of oral lichen planus associated with hepatitis C virus chronic infection (OLP-HCV) and lesions of idiopathic oral lichen planus (OLP-I). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was performed using a convenience sample of 11 paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of OLP-HCV and 19 of OLP-I. Histological sections stained with haematoxylin and eosin were used to classify the intensity of inflammatory infiltrate. Immunohistochemistry was used to identify CD8 + and FoxP3 + T cells. The count of positive cells was compared between the two groups and correlated to clinical and demographic data (p < 0.05). RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in the distribution of CD8 + and FoxP3 + T cells regarding the inflammatory infiltrate in lesions of OLP-HCV and OLP-I. Atrophic/erosive lesions showed a higher relationship between counts of CD8/FoxP3 T cells per mm2 (p = 0.018) and counts of CD8 + T cells per mm2 (p = 0.034) in OLP-HCV group compared to OLP-I group. CONCLUSION: Overall, no difference was found between cell populations in the lesions of OLP-HCV and OLP-I. However, atrophic/erosive lesions of OLP-HCV had a higher amount of CD8 + T cells and lower FoxP3 expression.


Asunto(s)
Linfocitos T CD8-positivos/patología , Factores de Transcripción Forkhead , Liquen Plano Oral/metabolismo , Mucosa Bucal/patología , Linfocitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Linfocitos T Reguladores/patología , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Hepatitis C Crónica/complicaciones , Hepatitis C Crónica/inmunología , Humanos , Inflamación/metabolismo , Inflamación/patología , Liquen Plano Oral/patología , Liquen Plano Oral/virología , Persona de Mediana Edad
13.
Head Neck ; 41(2): E21-E25, 2019 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552825

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is the most prevalent malignant neoplasia in human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+) patients for which the primary mode of management was chemotherapy. METHODS: We have presented the case of a newly diagnosed HIV+ male patient who was diagnosed with a pedunculated nodule in the anterior region of the hard palate, measuring 3.5 cm in diameter and with 2 months of evolution. RESULTS: Histopathological examination confirmed the clinical hypothesis of KS. Soon after the diagnosis, the patient started using combined antiretroviral therapy (Biovir and Kaletra), presenting a significant reduction of the lesion after 4 weeks. With 1.5 cm in diameter, the lesion was surgically removed. The patient was followed-up for 10 years without any recurrence. CONCLUSION: In antiretroviral-naive patients with a well-preserved immune system, the use of cART may be efficient in reducing the progression of the KS lesions, thus avoiding the use of chemotherapeutic agents.


Asunto(s)
Fármacos Anti-VIH/uso terapéutico , Infecciones por VIH/complicaciones , Lamivudine/uso terapéutico , Lopinavir/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias de la Boca/tratamiento farmacológico , Ritonavir/uso terapéutico , Sarcoma de Kaposi/tratamiento farmacológico , Zidovudina/uso terapéutico , Terapia Antirretroviral Altamente Activa , Combinación de Medicamentos , Infecciones por VIH/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias de la Boca/patología , Neoplasias de la Boca/virología , Sarcoma de Kaposi/patología , Sarcoma de Kaposi/virología
14.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 23: e180613, 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012474

RESUMEN

A Unidade Básica de Saúde Fluvial constitui um novo modelo concebido para viabilizar cuidados básicos em saúde, visando a cobertura universal para populações ribeirinhas da Amazônia e Pantanal. O estudo tem como objetivo descrever o processo de planejamento e execução das atividades dessa unidade de saúde flutuante e a gestão do cuidado diferenciada nesse novo modelo de atenção à saúde preconizada pela Política Nacional de Atenção Básica. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório-descritivo sobre o processo de gestão do cuidado por meio de uma abordagem cartográfica, com observação participante e entrevista em duas viagens ao município de Borba no Estado do Amazonas. Destaca-se a relevância da política que dialoga com as características do território, entendendo o rio como caminho que o serviço de saúde deve utilizar para promoção da equidade, em especial para população ribeirinha da Amazônia.


Floating Primary Health Center is a new approach to ensuring universal access to primary healthcare for riverine communities in the Amazon and Pantanal. The aim of this study was to describe the planning and implementation of the activities of a floating primary health center and management of care under this new approach. An exploratory descriptive study was conducted using mapping techniques, participant observation, and interviewing in two trips to the Municipality of Borba in the State of Amazonas. The findings show the importance of tailoring policies and programs to the specific characteristics of neighborhoods and communities and that the river is the pathway that health services should use to promote equitable access to care for riverine communities in the Amazon.


La Unidad Básica de Salud Fluvial constituye un nuevo modelo concebido para viabilizar cuidados básicos de salud, con el objetivo de cobertura universal para las poblaciones que viven en las orillas de los ríos en la Amazonía y el Pantanal. El objetivo del estudio es describir el proceso de planificación y realización de las actividades de esa unidad de salud flotante y la gestión del cuidado diferenciada en ese nuevo modelo de atención de la salud determinada por la Política Nacional de Atención Básica. Se trata de un estudio exploratorio-descriptivo sobre el proceso de gestión del cuidado por medio de un abordaje cartográfico con observación participante y entrevista en dos viajes al municipio de Borba en el estado de Amazonas. Se subraya la relevancia de la política que dialoga con las características del territorio, entendiendo el río como camino que el servicio de salud debe utilizar para promoción de equidad, en especial para la población que vive en las orillas de los ríos de la Amazonía.

15.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 59(2): 121-125, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29962419

RESUMEN

Sclerosing polycystic adenosis (SPA) is a rare benign lesion of the salivary glands which appears histologically similar to sclerosing adenosis and fibrocystic disease of the mammary gland. To date, 67 cases of SPA have been reported in the literature, with the lesion arising in the minor salivary glands in only 9. The present report describes the 10th case of SPA. The patient was a 39-year-old Brazilian man who presented with an asymptomatic nodule on the ventral surface of the tongue. Based on a clinical diagnosis of benign salivary gland neoplasm, an excisional biopsy of the lesion was performed. Histopathological examination showed lobular proliferation of ductal and acinar elements surrounded by a fibrosclerotic stroma. Many of the ductal structures exhibited cystic dilatation and were surrounded by periductal fibrosis, which is consistent with SPA findings. No recurrence of the disease was observed after a 5-year follow-up. A literature review is also discussed, focusing on both the etiology of SPA and the treatment options available.


Asunto(s)
Quistes/patología , Enfermedades de las Glándulas Salivales/patología , Esclerosis/patología , Enfermedades de la Lengua/diagnóstico , Enfermedades de la Lengua/patología , Adulto , Fibrosis , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermedades de las Glándulas Salivales/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de las Glándulas Salivales/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de las Glándulas Salivales/patología , Glándulas Salivales Menores/patología
16.
J Cosmet Laser Ther ; 20(4): 215-219, 2018 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29351498

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Drug-induced gingival overgrowth (DIGO) is attributed mainly to the prolonged use of calcium channel blocking agents, anticonvulsants, and anti-calcineurin inhibitors . The management of DIGO depends on the severity of the disease and includes surgical intervention and plaque control. Compared to conventional surgical treatment, the recent literature data have shown that gingivectomy using a high-power laser (HPL) is a short and easy procedure, which results in minimal postoperative discomfort and greater patient accep- tance. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: The purpose of this study was to report two cases of recurrent DIGO treated surgically using HPL (λ 808nm, 1.5W). RESULTS: Minimal bleeding and discomfort were observed during surgery, and patients reported no pain or bleeding after the procedure. After 1 year of follow-up, patients presented a minimal increase of gingival volume, indicating that laser technology can improve the efficiency and prognosis of DIGO. CONCLUSIONS: The HPL was able to preventing hemorrhage and improving the patient's collaboration with the treatment and quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Sobrecrecimiento Gingival/cirugía , Gingivectomía/métodos , Láseres de Semiconductores/uso terapéutico , Adolescente , Amlodipino/efectos adversos , Bloqueadores de los Canales de Calcio/efectos adversos , Niño , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Sobrecrecimiento Gingival/inducido químicamente , Gingivoplastia , Humanos , Masculino , Factores de Tiempo
17.
Mol Syndromol ; 8(4): 172-178, 2017 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28690482

RESUMEN

Barber-Say syndrome (BSS) and ablepharon-macrostomia syndrome (AMS) are infrequently reported congenital malformation disorders caused by mutations in the TWIST2 gene. Both are characterized by abnormalities in ectoderm-derived structures and cause a very unusual morphology of mainly the face in individuals with otherwise normal cognition and normal physical functioning. We studied the impact that the presence of BSS and AMS has on psychosocial functioning of affected individuals and their families, using their point of view to start with. We tabulated frequently asked questions from affected individuals and families, and a parent of an affected child and an affected adult woman offered personal testimonies. We focused on perception of illness, body satisfaction, and the consequences for an otherwise normal individual who has a disorder that interferes with body image. The importance of paying particular attention to the management of both the physical appearance and the consequences of these entities on the quality of life is stressed by the affected individuals themselves.

18.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 37(4): e56945, 2017 02 23.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28273252

RESUMEN

Objective: Analyze the challenges and strategies of nurses performing managerial activities in a surgical center. Method: Exploratory, descriptive study with a qualitative approach, involving six nurses by means of the Focus Group Technique, between April and August 2013. Data were submitted to thematic content analysis. Results: The main challenges noted were deficiency of material resources, communication noise, adequacy of personnel downsizing, and relationships with the multidisciplinary team. Key strategies include construction of co-management spaces to promote integration among professionals, conflict resolution and exchange of knowledge. Conclusions: Managerial activities involve the promotion of dialogic moments to coordinate the different processes in the surgical center to provide inputs to expand safety and quality of services provided.


Asunto(s)
Enfermeras Administradoras , Centros Quirúrgicos/organización & administración , Brasil
19.
Dermatol Online J ; 23(3)2017 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28329525

RESUMEN

Oral inverted ductal papilloma (OIDP) is a rare, nonrecurrent,benign lesion of salivary glands. The etiologyis still poorly understood; the correlation with humanpapilloma virus (HPV) is controversial. Herein wepresent a 74-year-old man with a tumor in lower lip.Incisional biopsy was performed and the histologicaldiagnosis was OIDP. Inno-LiPA assay, based onpolymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridizationwas used to assess for HPV with no detection of viralDNA. Surgical excision was performed without anyrecurrences after two years of follow-up.


Asunto(s)
Papiloma Invertido/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de las Glándulas Salivales/diagnóstico , Anciano , Humanos , Labio , Masculino , Papiloma Invertido/patología , Papiloma Invertido/virología , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/virología , Neoplasias de las Glándulas Salivales/patología , Neoplasias de las Glándulas Salivales/virología , Glándulas Salivales Menores
20.
Eng. sanit. ambient ; 22(1): 25-43, jan.-fev. 2017. tab, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-840386

RESUMEN

RESUMO O presente estudo foi baseado no monitoramento de um reservatório tropical (Vargem das Flores) utilizado para o abastecimento público de água de sete cidades da região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. O reservatório foi monitorado durante quatro anos: período inicial (de 2004 a 2007) para células de cianobactérias e parâmetros físico-químicos e, subsequentemente (2007 e 2008), para oocistos de Cryptosporidium spp. e cistos de Giardia spp. em quatro estações de amostragem. Também foram avaliadas as concentrações de Escherichia coli de 2007 a 2008, o que permitiu a caracterização de cada ponto de amostragem de acordo com a legislação do Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente (CONAMA) nº 274/2000. Os resultados indicaram concentrações de (oo)cistos de Cryptosporidium spp. e Giardia spp. variando de 0 a 0,8 (oo)cistos.L-1, e as mais elevadas concentrações de células de cianobactérias, de 0,0 a 4,5 x 105 cels.mL-1, apontando assim para potencial risco à saúde humana caso a água do reservatório seja consumida sem tramento. As cianobactérias não foram encontradas durante a estação seca. O grupo retornou rapidamente após a desestratificação. A estação chuvosa foi caracterizada pela elevada ocorrência de cianobactérias com a predominância da espécie picoplanctônica (Aphanocapsa sp.), sobre Microcystis spp. previamente detectada, e apresentou as maiores variações de oxigênio dissolvido, turbidez, fósforo total, ortofosfato, amônia, nitrito e nitrato. A mudança observada no grupo das cianobactérias (Aphanocapsa spp. sobre Microcystis spp.) pode ser um indicativo das alterações das características da água. De acordo com as concentrações de E. coli , as estações foram classificadas como próprias para recreação de contato primário, de acordo com a Resolução CONAMA nº 274/2000.


ABSTRACT The current study monitored the water quality of a tropical reservoir (Vargem das Flores) used to supply potable water to seven cities in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, southeast Brazil. The reservoir was monitored for four years: initially (from 2004 to 2007) for cyanobacterial cells and physicochemical parameters and, subsequently (in 2007 and 2008), for Cryptosporidium spp. oocysts and Giardia spp. cysts in four sampling stations. The concentrations of Escherichia coli were also measured in 2007 and 2008, wich allowed the characterization of each sampling point according to the National Environment Council (CONAMA) no. 274/2000. Results indicated concentrations of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia spp. (oo)cysts ranging from 0 to 0.8 (oo)cysts.L-1, and higher concentrations of cyanobacteria cells, from 0.0 to 4.5 x 105 cells.mL-1, thus indicating potential risks to human health, if the water from the reservoir is not properly treated before consumption. The group of cyanobacteria was not found during the dry season, returning soon after destratification. The rainy season was characterized by a higher ocurrence of cyanobacteria and predominance of picoplanktonic species (Aphanocapsa spp.), over the Microcystis spp. previously found and presented the highest variations in dissolved oxygen, turbidity, total phosphorous, orthophosphate, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate. The change observed within the group of cyanobacteria (Aphanocapsa spp. over Microcystis spp.) may be indicative of changing characteristics in the water source. All the sampling points were classified as adequate for primary contact recreation, given the E. coli concentrations, according to the CONAMA Resolution no. 274/2000.

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