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1.
J Neurosurg Spine ; : 1-6, 2020 Jan 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005027

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The Scoliosis Research Society-22r questionnaire (SRS-22r) has been shown to be reliable, valid, and responsive to change in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) undergoing surgery. The minimal clinically important difference (MCID) is the smallest difference in a health-related quality of life score that is considered to be worthwhile or clinically important to the individual. The authors hypothesized that the proportion of patients with ASD achieving an MCID in the SRS-22r score would be different between two culturally different cohorts. The purpose of this study was to compare the proportion of patients with ASD achieving MCID for the SRS-22r domains in North American (NA) and Japanese cohorts. METHODS: A total of 137 patients from North America (123 women, mean age 60.0 years) and 60 patients from Japan (56 women, mean age 65.5 years) with at least 2 years of follow-up after corrective spine surgery for ASD were included. Except for self-image, published Japanese MCID values of SRS-22r for ASD were higher (function = 0.90, pain = 0.85, self-image = 1.05, subtotal = 1.05) than the published NA MCID values (function = 0.60, pain = 0.40, self-image = 1.23, subtotal = 0.43). RESULTS: There was a statistically significant improvement in all SRS-22r domain scores at 2 years compared to baseline in both cohorts. Except for mental health (NA = 0.32, Japanese = 0.72, p = 0.005), the mean improvement from baseline to 2 years was similar between the NA and Japanese cohorts. The proportion of patients achieving MCID was higher in North America for function (NA = 51%, Japanese = 30%, p = 0.006), pain (NA = 80%, Japanese = 47%, p < 0.001), and subtotal (NA = 72%, Japanese = 35%, p < 0.001), while there was no significant difference for self-image (NA = 53%, Japanese = 58%, p = 0.454). CONCLUSIONS: Despite similar improvements in SRS-22r domain scores from baseline to 2 years postoperatively, the proportion of patients reaching SRS-22r MCID for function, pain, and subtotal after ASD surgery was higher in the NA cohort than in the Japanese cohort. This may imply that patients in North America and Japan may value observed changes in clinical status differently.

2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 839, 2020 Jan 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964942

RESUMEN

Osteomyelitis, which often arises from a surgical-site infection, is a serious problem in orthopaedic surgery. However, there are no specific biomarkers for osteomyelitis. Here, to identify specific plasma biomarkers for osteomyelitis, we conducted metabolome analyses using a mouse osteomyelitis model and bioluminescence imaging. We divided adult male pathogen-free BALB/C mice into control, sham-control, and infected groups. In the infected group, a bioluminescent Staphylococcus aureus strain was inoculated into the femur, and osteomyelitis was detected by bioluminescence imaging. We next analysed the metabolome, by comprehensively measuring all of the small molecules. This analysis identified 279 metabolites, 12 of which were significantly higher and 45 were significantly lower in the infected group than in the sham-control and control groups. Principal component analysis identified sphingosine as the highest loading factor. Several acyl carnitines and fatty acids, particularly ω-3 and ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, were significantly lower in the infected group. Several metabolites in the tricarboxylic acid cycle were lower in the infected group than in the other groups. Thus, we identified two sphingolipids, sphinganine and sphingosine, as positive biomarkers for mouse osteomyelitis, and two components in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, two-oxoglutarate and succinic acid, as negative biomarkers.

3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904914

RESUMEN

Transplantation of human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived neural stem/progenitor cells (hiPSC-NS/PCs) is a promising treatment for a variety of neuropathological conditions. Although previous reports have indicated the effectiveness of hiPSC-NS/PCs transplantation into the injured spinal cord of rodents and nonhuman primates, long-term observation of hiPSC-NS/PCs post-transplantation suggested some "unsafe" differentiation-resistant properties, resulting in disordered overgrowth. These findings suggest that, even if "safe" NS/PCs are transplanted into the human central nervous system (CNS), the dynamics of cellular differentiation of stem cells should be noninvasively tracked to ensure safety. Positron emission tomography (PET) provides molecular-functional information and helps to detect specific disease conditions. The current study was conducted to visualize Nestin (an NS/PC marker)-positive undifferentiated neural cells in the CNS of immune-deficient (nonobese diabetic-severe combined immune-deficient) mice after hiPSC-NS/PCs transplantation with PET, using 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO) ligands as labels. TSPO was recently found to be expressed in rodent NS/PCs, and its expression decreased with the progression of neuronal differentiation. We hypothesized that TSPO would also be present in hiPSC-NS/PCs and expressed strongly in residual immature neural cells after transplantation. The results showed high levels of TSPO expression in immature hiPSC-NS/PCs-derived cells, and decreased TSPO expression as neural differentiation progressed in vitro. Furthermore, PET with [18 F] FEDAC (a TSPO radioligand) was able to visualize the remnant undifferentiated hiPSC-NS/PCs-derived cells consisting of TSPO and Nestin+ cells in vivo. These findings suggest that PET with [18 F] FEDAC could play a key role in the safe clinical application of CNS repair in regenerative medicine.

4.
J Orthop Sci ; 25(1): 66-72, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902538

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We conducted a finite element study to assess the effectiveness of a novel pedicle screw design with two alterations in the distal and proximal portions. METHODS: Finite element (FE) models of 24 vertebrae were constructed using computed tomographic data. Pull-out strength of 4 different pedicle screws were compared. The basic screw design was a dual threaded one (PS0), in which the proximal portion is double-threaded (cortical thread), and the distal portion is single-threaded (cancellous thread). In PS1, the inter-thread double-core shape was added to PS0 in the distal portion. Compared to PS0, in PS2, the proximal portion was elongated by 5 mm. PS3 had both PS1 and PS2 features. In addition, the 24 vertebrae were classified into 3 groups based on volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) of the vertebral body: low <120 mg/cm3, moderate 120-170 mg/cm3, and high >170 mg/cm3. RESULTS: The mean pull-out strengths (±SD) were 1137 ± 500 N, 1188 ± 520 N, 1191 ± 512 N, and 1242 ± 538 N for PS0, PS1, PS2, and PS3, respectively. In PS1, there was significant difference in the incremental ratio of pull-out strength to PS0 between the low and high vBMD groups (3.7 ± 1.6% vs. 5.0 ± 1.0%, p = 0.006). In PS2, there was a significant difference in the incremental ratio to PS0 between the moderate and high vBMD groups (7.6 ± 4.0% vs. 3.3 ± 1.8%, p < 0.001). In PS3, there was a significant difference in the incremental ratio to PS0 between the moderate and high vBMD groups (12.1 ± 4.8% vs. 8.5 ± 2.1%, p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: The two design alterations showed the combined additive effect in the PS3 design. The moderate vBMD group has a balanced bone property to reflect the combined effects of the PS1 and PS2 design alterations.

6.
Int J Hematol ; 111(1): 65-74, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701481

RESUMEN

Novel therapies are needed for patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). Elotuzumab plus lenalidomide and dexamethasone (ELd) is approved for the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). This phase 2 study in Japan evaluated ELd vs lenalidomide and dexamethasone (Ld) in patients with NDMM who were ineligible for stem cell transplantation. Elotuzumab infusion was accelerated to 5 mL/min by dose 3, cycle 1, allowing most subsequent infusions to be completed within 1 h. The primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR) in the ELd arm. Secondary endpoints were the difference in ORR between treatments, and progression-free survival (PFS). Patients were randomized to ELd (n = 40) or Ld (n = 42); median number of treatment cycles was 13 (ELd) and 12 (Ld). In the ELd arm, ORR was 88% [70% confidence interval (CI) 80-93]. The estimated difference in ORR between treatments was 13% (95% CI - 4, 30) in favor of ELd. Progression-free survival data were immature. Safety was consistent with previous findings of ELd in Japanese patients with RRMM. No infusion reactions occurred at the maximum rate of 5 mL/min, which was used in 89% of elotuzumab infusions. ELd may be an effective, well-tolerated frontline treatment for patients with NDMM ineligible for stem cell transplantation.

7.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 45(3): E170-E178, 2020 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415461

RESUMEN

STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively collected, multicenter, nationwide study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate recent surgical methods and trends, outcomes, and perioperative complications in surgery for thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum (T-OLF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: A prospective multicenter study of surgical complications and risk factors for T-OLF has not been performed, and previous multicenter retrospective studies have lacked details for these items. METHODS: Surgical methods, pre- and postoperative thoracic myelopathy (Japanese Orthopedic Association [JOA] score), symptoms, and intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring were investigated prospectively in 223 cases. Differences in these factors between fusion and nonfusion procedures for T-OLF were examined. The minimum follow-up period was 2 years after surgery RESULTS.: The mean JOA score was 6.2 points preoperatively, and 7.9, 8.2, and 8.2 points at 6 months, 1, and 2 year postoperatively, giving mean recovery rates of 35.0%, 40.9%, and 41.4% respectively. Posterior decompression and fusion with instrumentation was performed in 109 cases (48.9%). There were 45 perioperative complications in 30 cases (13.5%), with aggravation of motor disturbance in the lower extremities being most common (4.0%, n = 9). Patients treated with fusion had a significantly higher BMI, rate of gait disturbance, ossification occupation rate of OLF at computed tomography, and intramedullary high intensity area at magnetic resonance imaging (P < 0.01). The preoperative JOA score was lower (P < 0.05) and the JOA recovery rate at 1 year after surgery was significantly higher in cases treated without fusion (44.9% vs. 37.1%, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The high rate of surgery with instrumentation of 48.9% reflects the current major trend toward posterior instrumented fusion surgery for T-OLF. Fusion surgery with instrumentation may be appropriate for patients with severe OLF and preoperative myelopathy. A further prospective study of long-term outcomes is required with a focus on optimal surgical timing and the surgical procedure for T-OPLL. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.

8.
Clin Spine Surg ; 33(1): E14-E20, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162180

RESUMEN

STUDY DESIGN: This is a multicentered retrospective study. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical correction for the adult spinal deformity (ASD) is effective but carries substantial risks for complications. The diverse pathologies of ASD make it difficult to determine the effect of advanced age on outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess how advanced age affects outcomes and cost-effectiveness for corrective surgery for ASD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from a multicenter database to conduct propensity score-matched comparisons of 50 patients who were surgically treated for ASD when at least 50 years old and were followed for at least 2 years, to clarify whether advanced age is a risk factor for inferior health-related quality of life and cost-effectiveness. Patients were grouped by age, 50-65 years (M group: 59±4 y) or >70 years (O group: 74±3 y), and were propensity score-matched for sex, body mass index, upper and lower instrumented vertebrae, the use of pedicle-subtraction osteotomy, and sagittal alignment. Cost-effectiveness was determined by cost/quality-adjusted life years. RESULTS: Oswestry Disability Index and Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) pain and self-image at the 2-year follow-up were significantly inferior in the O group (Oswestry Disability Index: 32±9% vs. 25±13%, P=0.01; SRS-22 pain: 3.5±0.7 vs. 3.9±0.6, P=0.05; SRS-22 self-image: 3.5±0.6 vs. 3.8±0.9, P=0.03). The O group had more complications than the M group (55% vs. 29%). The odds ratios in the O group were 4.0 for postoperative complications (95% confidence interval: 1.1-12.3) and 4.9 for implant-related complications (95% confidence interval: 1.2-21.1). Cost-utility analysis at 2 years after surgery indicated that the surgery was less cost-effective in the O group (cost/quality-adjusted life year: O group: $211,636 vs. M group: 125,887, P=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes for corrective surgery for ASD were inferior in geriatric patients compared with middle-aged patients, in whom the extent of spinal deformity and the operation type were adjusted similarly. Special attention is needed when considering surgical treatment for geriatric ASD patients.

9.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 40(2): e77-e83, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31095011

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Distal adding-on (DA) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a radiographic complication that can negatively affect clinical results. However, the risk factors for DA and the influences of DA on the residual lumbar curves have not been fully elucidated in Lenke type 1B and 1C curves. The objective of this study was to investigate risk factors for postoperative DA in Lenke type 1B and 1C curves, and the influence of DA on residual lumbar curves. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 46 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with Lenke type 1B or 1C curves who underwent posterior correction and fusion surgery with selective thoracic fusion. Patients were grouped according to the presence or absence of DA on radiographs at the 2-year follow-up. We compared coronal radiographic parameters between the 2 groups, including the Cobb angle, L4 tilt angle, apical translation, and relative positions of the end vertebra (EV), stable vertebra (SV), neutral vertebra (NV), and last touching vertebra (LTV) to the lower instrumented vertebra (LIV). RESULTS: DA was present in 11 patients (24%) at the 2-year follow-up, and the mean LIV-EV, LIV-NV, LIV-SV, and LIV-LTV relative positions were significantly smaller in the DA than in the non-DA group. Preoperative radiographic parameters were similar between the 2 groups, including the mean L4 tilt angle (non-DA, -8±4 degrees; DA, -7±4 degrees). At the 2-year follow-up, the mean apical translation of the lumbar curve was smaller in the DA group (non-DA, -16±8 mm; DA, -7±11 mm) and the mean L4 tilt angle was significantly more horizontalized (non-DA, -8±4 degrees; DA, -1±5 degrees). Multivariate analysis showed that the number of levels between the LIV and LTV (LIV-LTV) was significantly associated with DA. CONCLUSIONS: A LIV at or cranial to the LTV was a significant risk factor for postoperative DA in Lenke type 1B and 1C curves. Spontaneous correction of the residual lumbar curve was superior in patients with DA. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.

10.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 14(1): 424, 2019 Dec 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822295

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular imbalance will lead to loading asymmetry in sporting activities. This asymmetry is related to leg dominance, which has been associated with increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Therefore, potential biomechanical differences between legs are important. However, little attention has been paid to the biomechanical details of leg dominance. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the relationship between leg dominance and knee biomechanics in females with different activity level during dynamic athletic tasks. METHODS: A total of 23 female collegiate (mean age = 19.6 ± 1.4 years, mean body mass index = 21.5 ± 0.9) and 19 recreational athletes (mean age = 20.7 ± 1.1 years, mean body mass index = 20.5 ± 1.7) were enrolled. Tegner activity scores of the collegiate and recreational athletes were 9 and 7, respectively. Knee kinematic and kinetic asymmetries between the dominant (DL) and non-dominant (NDL) legs during the landing phase of drop vertical jump (DVJ) were assessed using three-dimensional motion analysis in collegiate and recreational athletes separately. Statistical comparison was done using two-tailed paired t test between DL and NDL in each athlete. RESULTS: The peak knee abduction angle was significantly larger on the DL than on the NDL in collegiate athletes. Knee abduction angle at initial contact (IC), peak knee abduction angle, knee internal rotation angle at IC, and peak knee internal rotation angle were significantly larger on the NDL than on the DL in recreational athletes. Moreover, peak knee abduction moment within 40 ms from IC was larger on the NDL than on the DL in recreational athletes, while the moment was not significantly different in collegiate athletes. CONCLUSIONS: From the present study, the relationship between leg dominance and knee biomechanics was totally different in females with different activity level. Specifically, asymmetry of the knee abduction angle between limbs was opposite between female recreational and collegiate athletes. According to previous literatures, abduction and internal rotation angles as well as abduction moment were key issues for mechanism of non-contact ACL injury. Therefore, the NDL in female recreational athletes was associated with increased risk of ACL injury.

11.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 18741, 2019 Dec 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822750

RESUMEN

The number of osteoarthritis patients is increasing with the rise in the number of elderly people in developed countries. Osteoarthritis, which causes joint pain and deformity leading to loss of activities of daily living, is often treated surgically. Here we show that mechanical stress promotes accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in chondrocytes in vivo, resulting in chondrocyte apoptosis and leading to osteoarthritis development in a rat model. We demonstrate that mechanical stress induces ROS accumulation and inflammatory cytokine expression in cultured chondrocytes in vitro and that both are inhibited by treatment with the anti-oxidant N-acetyl cysteine (NAC). In vivo, osteoarthritis development in a rat osteoarthritis model was also significantly inhibited by oral administration of NAC. MMP13 expression and down-regulation of type II collagen in chondrocytes, both of which indicate osteoarthritis, as well as chondrocyte apoptosis in osteoarthritis rats were inhibited by NAC. Interestingly, osteoarthritis development in sham-operated control sides, likely due to disruption of normal weight-bearing activity on the control side, was also significantly inhibited by NAC. We conclude that osteoarthritis development in rats is significantly antagonized by oral NAC administration. Currently, no oral medication is available to prevent osteoarthritis development. Our work suggests that NAC may represent such a reagent and serve as osteoarthritis treatment.

12.
Spinal Cord ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801981

RESUMEN

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: Patients who undergo intramedullary spinal surgery occasionally experience post-surgical chronic pain; however, the underlying mechanisms are not yet completely understood. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the cerebral structural changes in patients with post-surgical chronic myelopathic pain using voxel-based morphometry. SETTING: Single university hospital in Tokyo, Japan. METHODS: Forty-nine patients who had undergone intramedullary spinal surgery between January 2002 and April 2014 participated in this study. Participants were classified into two groups based on their post-surgical chronic pain intensity: control (numeric rating scale score of <3) and pain (numeric rating scale score of ≥3) groups. We compared pain questionnaire and brain MRI between two groups. Brain MRI data of each participants was analyzed using voxel-based morphometry. RESULTS: Voxel-based morphometry revealed that the gray matter volume in the left supplementary motor area, left primary motor area, and left posterior cingulate cortex was higher in the pain group than that in the control group. In addition, the numeric rating scale score was significantly correlated with increased gray matter volume in the left primary motor area, left posterior cingulate cortex, and right superior parietal lobule. CONCLUSION: Present study elucidates the characteristic cerebral structural changes after an intramedullary spinal surgery using voxel-based morphometry and indicates that the structural changes in specific cerebral areas are associated with post-surgical chronic myelopathic pain.

13.
J Hand Microsurg ; 11(3): 170-174, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814671

RESUMEN

Two-stage flexor tendon reconstruction with a silicone rod is useful for restoring the tendon and tendon sheath but sometimes results in infection after the first-stage operation. We experienced a case in which we maintained the reconstructed tendon sheath by replacing an infected silicone rod with a polyvinyl chloride tube, followed by continuous catheter irrigation until the infection subsided. This procedure can effectively deal with infection of a silicone rod during two-stage flexor tendon reconstruction.

14.
Knee ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806512

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although increases in knee adduction moment (KAM) and angle (KAA) during gait are considered key pathologies that produce mechanical overload in the medial compartment of knee osteoarthritis (OA), it is unclear how these pathologies are related to subjective pain. The purpose of this study was to examine how subjective pain is related to such pathologies. METHODS: Gait analysis was performed in 31 participants with medial knee OA. The knees were classified into three groups based on Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade: early (0 and 1), moderate (2), and severe (3 and 4). Subjective pain was evaluated by the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) osteoarthritis index pain score. The knees were classified into low- and high-pain groups based on the pain score. RESULTS: The WOMAC pain score did not correlate with either peak KAM or peak KAA. Although a positive correlation between static limb alignment and peak KAA was observed in the low-pain group, it was not observed in the high-pain group. Knee flexion angle at heel strike correlated negatively with the gap between static femorotibial angle and peak KAA in the high-pain group. CONCLUSIONS: Although a direct correlation between subjective pain and peak KAM or KAA was not observed, our results suggest a compensatory movement in the high-pain group of participants to reduce KAA increases in the early stance phase. Such movements would be one of the reasons why it is difficult to obtain a consistent relationship between subjective pain and load-related parameters.

15.
Spinal Cord ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831847

RESUMEN

STUDY DESIGN: A non-randomized open-label single-arm clinical trial. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effect of body weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT) with the voluntary driven exoskeleton (VDE) in persons with differing levels and completeness of spinal cord injury (SCI) and differing walking abilities. SETTING: Keio University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. METHODS: Twenty individuals with chronic SCI (age, 43 ± 17 years) classified as American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale grade A (n = 2), B (n = 4), C (n = 8), or D (n = 6) who had reached a plateau in recovery. Participants underwent twenty 60 min sessions of BWSTT with the hybrid assisted limb. The speed, distance, and duration walked in every 60 min training session were recorded. The Walking Index for SCI Scale II (WISCI-II), 10 meters walk test (10MWT), 2 min walk test, timed up and go (TUG) test, Berg Balance Scale (BBS), lower extremity motor score (LEMS), Barthel Index, and Functional Independence Measure were evaluated at pre and post intervention. RESULTS: There was a significant improvement in 10MWT, TUG, and BBS after the intervention. Walking ability significantly improved in participants with high walking ability at baseline (WISCI-II score 6-20; n = 12) but not in participants with low walking ability (WISCI-II score 0-3; n = 8). Significant improvement of BBS was also shown in participants with high walking ability at baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with high walking ability at baseline responded better to the training than those with low walking ability.

16.
J Neurosurg Spine ; : 1-6, 2019 Dec 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881542

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSS) and knee osteoarthritis (KOA), both of which are age-related degenerative diseases, are independently correlated with increased pain and dysfunction of the lower extremities. However, there have been few studies that investigated whether LSS patients with KOA exhibit poor clinical recovery following lumbar spinal surgery. The aim of this study was to elucidate the surgical outcomes of lumbar spinal surgery for LSS patients with KOA using multiple health-related quality of life (HRQOL) parameters. METHODS: A total of 865 consecutive patients who underwent posterior lumbar spinal surgery for LSS were retrospectively reviewed. Baseline characteristics, radiographic parameters, perioperative factors, and multiple HRQOL parameters were analyzed preoperatively and at 1-year follow-up. HRQOL items included the Zurich Claudication Questionnaire, Oswestry Disability Index, Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ). The effectiveness of surgical treatment was assessed using the JOABPEQ. The treatment was regarded as effective when it resulted in an increase in postoperative JOABPEQ score by ≥ 20 points compared with preoperative score or achievement of a postoperative score of ≥ 90 points in those with a preoperative score of < 90 points. RESULTS: A total of 32 LSS patients with KOA were identified, and 128 age- and sex-matched LSS patients without KOA were selected as controls. In both groups, all HRQOL parameters markedly improved at the 1-year follow-up. On the SF-36, the postoperative mean score for the role physical domain was significantly lower in the KOA group than in the control group (p = 0.034). The treatment was significantly less "effective" in the social life domain of JOABPEQ in the KOA group than in the control group (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The surgical outcomes of LSS patients with KOA are favorable, although poorer than those of LSS patients without KOA, particularly in terms of social life and activities. These results indicate that LSS patients with KOA experience difficulty in routine work or ordinary activities due to knee pain or restricted knee ROM even after lumbar spinal surgery. Hence, preoperative KOA status warrants consideration when planning lumbar spinal surgery and estimating surgical outcomes of LSS.

17.
J Orthop Sci ; 2019 Oct 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672380

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine (OPLL) is characterized by heterotopic bone formation in the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine. We know that the size and distribution of the ossified lesions in patients with OPLL are different in each case. However, the characteristics of the patients with radiologically severe cervical OPLL remain unknown. METHODS: The participants of our study were symptomatic patients with cervical OPLL who were diagnosed by standard radiographs of the cervical spine. Whole-spine CT data and demographic data such as age and sex were obtained from 20 institutions belonging to the Japanese Multicenter Research Organization for Ossification of the Spinal Ligament. According to the number of the levels involved by OPLL, we stratified the patients into two subgroups: severe group (S-group) and non-severe group (NS-group) to delineate the characteristics of radiologically severe patients with cervical OPLL. We also evaluated the most compressed level and the degree of occupying ratio of cervical spinal canal by OPLL at the most compressed level. RESULTS: A total of 234 patients with a mean age of 65 years were recruited. The S-group consisted of 48 patients (21%, 12 females and 36 males) and the NS-group consisted of 92 patients (79%, 22 females and 70 males). The mean age of males in the S-group (68 years old) was significantly higher than that of males in the NS-group (64 years old); however there was no significant difference in the mean age in females between the S-group (69 years old) and the NS-group (66 years old). No significant difference of body mass index, ossification of the nuchal ligament-positivity and presence of diabetes mellitus were found between the S- and the NS-group. CONCLUSIONS: It is likely that the manner of extension of cervical OPLL is different between male and female patients.

18.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 14(1): 355, 2019 Nov 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711523

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Weightbearing of the hindfoot affects positional changes of the ankle joint and subtalar joint (ankle-joint complex [AJC]). However, it is difficult to assess the kinematic changes in the hindfoot in a natural full weightbearing condition using conventional CT or cone beam computed tomography (CT) due to limitations of acquiring foot images under a physiological weightbearing condition using those imaging modalities. Analysis of AJC kinematics using fluoroscopy and 2D-3D registration technique requires data on the number of steps and amount of time to build and match the bones. This study aimed to analyze the effect of full weightbearing on hindfoot motion when standing using upright CT and 3D-3D surface registration. METHODS: Forty-eight AJCs of 24 asymptomatic volunteers (13 women, 11 men) were examined under no weightbearing, 50% weightbearing, and single leg full weightbearing conditions while standing. The CT images were acquired from the distal femur to the whole foot using a 320-row upright CT scanner. The condition of each weightbearing stance was measured using a pressure mat. Bone-to-bone rotations of the talus relative to the tibia and calcaneus relative to the talus were evaluated using the surface registration technique. Image quality of the CT and intra- and interobserver reliabilities of the rotation angle were also evaluated. RESULTS: All CT images were excellent or good quality and the intra- and interobserver correlation coefficients for the angle were 0.996 and 0.995, respectively. The motion of the ankle joint and subtalar joint under 50% and 100% weightbearing were as follows (in degrees); the talus plantarflexed (5.1 ± 4.5 and 6.8 ± 4.8), inverted (1.3 ± 1.4 and 2.0 ± 1.6), and internally rotated (2.4 ± 4.2 and 4.3 ± 4.6) relative to the tibia, and the calcaneus dorsiflexed (2.8 ± 1.4 and 3.8 ± 1.7), everted (5.3 ± 2.6 and 8.0 ± 3.6), and externally rotated (3.0 ± 2.0 and 4.1 ± 2.4) relative to the talus, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of weightbearing was clearly identified using an upright CT and the 3D-3D registration technique. Three-dimensional kinematics under static full weightbearing were opposite between the ankle and subtalar joints on their respective axes.

19.
J Orthop Sci ; 2019 Oct 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668913

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Postoperative shoulder imbalance (PSI) has a negative impact on the surgical outcomes of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors of PSI in patients with Lenke type 5C curves. METHODS: This study included 100 patients who underwent posterior correction surgery using pedicle screw constructs for Lenke type 5C curves. The mean age of the patients at surgery was 15.5 ± 2.3 years, and the mean follow-up period was 36.6 ± 15.0 months. The subjects were classified into the following two groups: PSI and non-PSI. Radiographic parameters, including the preoperative and 2-year postoperative coronal and sagittal profiles, were compared between the two groups. RESULT: PSI was found in eight patients (8.0%). The preoperative Cobb angles were 47.3° ± 8.7° and 48.0° ± 3.9° in the non-PSI and PSI groups, respectively. The correction rate in the PSI group was significantly higher than that in the non-PSI group (81.0% ± 17.7% vs. 67.7% ± 14.7%; p = 0.018). The preoperative T1 tilt angle in the PSI group was significantly larger than that in the non-PSI group (6.1° ± 3.3° vs. 3.1° ± 2.8°; p = 0.005). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve was 0.769 (p = 0.012, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.556-0.982) and 0.763 (p = 0.014, 95% CI, 0.598-0.928) for the correction rate and preoperative T1 tilt, respectively. The cut-off value was 73% and 4° for the correction rate and preoperative T1, respectively. CONCLUSION: PSI was found in 8.0% of Lenke type 5C curves. Excessive correction of the lumbar curve of >73% and preoperative T1 tilt of >4° can be risk factors for PSI in patients with Lenke type 5C curve.

20.
Clin Exp Med ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620907

RESUMEN

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the programmed cell death protein-1 (PDCD1), programmed cell death protein-1 ligand-1 (PDCD1LG1), and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA4) genes are implicated in the pathogenesis of some cancers. We investigated the role of PDCD1, PDCD1LG1, and CTLA4 SNPs in MM pathogenesis and the susceptibility to and clinical features of multiple myeloma (MM). We obtained genomic DNA from 124 patients with MM and 211 healthy controls and detected PDCD1 (rs36084323, rs41386349, and rs2227982), PDCD1LG1 (rs2297136 and rs4143815), and CTLA4 (rs733618, rs11571316, rs231775, and rs3087243) genotypes using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method or the TaqMan allelic discrimination real-time PCR method. The patients with MM had a significantly higher frequency of the PDCD1 GCC/GCC haplotype (rs36084323/rs41386349/rs2227982) compared with the healthy controls. PDCD1 rs2227982 CC genotype was associated significantly with a higher frequency of bone lesions. Patients with PDCD1LG1 rs2297136 TT and TC types (high-expression types) showed lower albumin level than those with CC genotype. In addition, the PDCD1LG1 rs4143815 CC and CG types (high-expression types) were associated significantly with higher frequency of patients who were treated with thalidomide and/or bortezomib. However, there was no statistical significance between CTLA4 polymorphisms and clinical variables of patients with MM. There were no significant differences between all the polymorphisms and OS. Our study indicates that the PDCD1 haplotype is associated with a susceptibility to MM. The PDCD1 rs2227982 and PDCD1LG1 rs2297136 affect the clinical features of multiple myeloma patients.

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