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1.
J Prosthet Dent ; 124(3): 274-349, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811666

RESUMEN

This comprehensive review of the 2019 restorative dental literature is offered to inform busy dentists regarding remarkable publications and noteworthy progress made in the profession. Developed by the Scientific Investigation Committee of the American Academy of Restorative Dentistry, each author brings discipline-specific expertise to 1 of 8 sections of the report: (1) prosthodontics; (2) periodontics, alveolar bone, and peri-implant tissues; (3) implant dentistry; (4) dental materials and therapeutics; (5) occlusion and temporomandibular disorders; (6) sleep-related breathing disorders; (7) oral medicine and oral and maxillofacial surgery; and (8) dental caries and cariology. The report targets important information likely to influence day-to-day dental treatment decisions. Each review is not intended to stand alone but to update interested readers so that they may visit source material when greater detail is desired. As the profession moves toward evidence-based clinical decision-making, an incredible volume of potentially valuable dental literature continues to increase. It is the intention of this review and its authors to provide assistance in negotiating the extensive dental literature published in 2019. It is our hope that readers find this work useful in the clinical management of dental patients.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Materiales Dentales , Oclusión Dental , Humanos , Periodoncia , Prostodoncia , Estados Unidos
2.
J Prosthet Dent ; 122(3): 198-269, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405523

RESUMEN

This comprehensive review of the 2018 dental literature is provided to inform busy dentists about progress in the profession. Developed by the Committee on Scientific Investigation of the American Academy of Restorative Dentistry, each author brings discipline-specific expertise to one of the 8 sections of the report including (1) prosthodontics; (2) periodontics, alveolar bone, and peri-implant tissues; (3) implant dentistry; (4) dental materials and therapeutics; (5) occlusion and temporomandibular disorders; (6) sleep-related breathing disorders; (7) oral medicine and oral and maxillofacial surgery; and (8) dental caries and cariology. The report targets important information that will likely influence day-to-day treatment decisions. Each review is not intended to stand alone but to update interested readers so that they may visit source materials if greater detail is desired. As the profession continues its march toward evidence-based clinical decision-making, an already voluminous library of potentially valuable dental literature continues to grow. It is the intention of this review and its authors to provide assistance in navigating the extensive dental literature published in 2018. It is our hope that readers find this work useful in the clinical management of patients moving forward.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Materiales Dentales , Oclusión Dental , Humanos , Periodoncia , Prostodoncia , Estados Unidos
3.
J Prosthet Dent ; 120(6): 816-878, 2018 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30545471

RESUMEN

PROBLEM: There are countless numbers of scientific studies published in countless scientific journals on subjects related to restorative dentistry. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to review pertinent scientific studies published in 2017 on topics of interest to restorative dentists. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The authors, considered to be experts in their disciplines searched the scientific literature in 7 different areas (prosthodontics, periodontics, dental materials, occlusion and temporomandibular disorders, sleep-disordered breathing, oral medicine and oral and maxillofacial surgery and dental caries). Pertinent articles were either identified and referenced or reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 437 articles in 7 disciplines were identified or reviewed. CONCLUSIONS: An impressive amount of scientific literature related to restorative dentistry was published in 2017. The evidence presented in this article can assist dentists in the practice of contemporary evidence-based dentistry.


Asunto(s)
Investigación Dental , Enfermedades de la Boca/terapia , Prostodoncia , Cirugía Bucal , Bibliometría , Caries Dental/terapia , Materiales Dentales , Oclusión Dental , Odontología Basada en la Evidencia , Humanos , Síndromes de la Apnea del Sueño/terapia , Trastornos de la Articulación Temporomandibular/terapia
5.
J Prosthet Dent ; 118(3): 281-346, 2017 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28709678

RESUMEN

This review was conducted to assist the busy dentist in keeping abreast of the latest scientific information regarding the clinical practice of dentistry. Each of the authors, who are considered experts in their disciplines, was asked to peruse the scientific literature in their discipline published in 2016 and review the articles for important information that may affect treatment decisions. Comments on experimental methodology, statistical evaluation, and the overall validity of conclusions are included with many of the reviews. The reviews are not meant to stand alone but are intended to inform the interested reader about what has been discovered in the past year. The readers are then invited to go to the source, if they want more detail.


Asunto(s)
Atención Odontológica , Investigación Dental , Odontología , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia , Humanos
6.
J Prosthet Dent ; 116(5): 663-740, 2016 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28236412

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: It is clear the contemporary dentist is confronted with a blizzard of information regarding materials and techniques from journal articles, advertisements, newsletters, the internet, and continuing education events. While some of that information is sound and helpful, much of it is misleading at best. PURPOSE: This review identifies and discusses the most important scientific findings regarding outcomes of dental treatment to assist the practitioner in making evidence-based choices. This review was conducted to assist the busy dentist in keeping abreast of the latest scientific information regarding the clinical practice of dentistry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Each of the authors, who are considered experts in their disciplines, was asked to peruse the scientific literature published in 2015 in their discipline and review the articles for important information that may have an impact on treatment decisions. Comments on experimental methodology, statistical evaluation, and overall validity of the conclusions are included in many of the reviews. RESULTS: The reviews are not meant to stand alone but are intended to inform the interested reader about what has been discovered in the past year. The readers are then invited to go to the source if they wish more detail. CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of the scientific literature published in 2015 is divided into 7 sections, dental materials, periodontics, prosthodontics, occlusion and temporomandibular disorders, sleep-disordered breathing, cariology, and implant dentistry.


Asunto(s)
Atención Odontológica , Odontología , Humanos
11.
J Prosthet Dent ; 94(4): 389-93, 2005 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16198178

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The condylar position can vary depending on several factors. One factor is the influence of occluding teeth. If the influence from occluding teeth could be eliminated, it might be possible to evaluate the condylar position obtained from masticatory muscle contraction. PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the placement of the condyles by contracted masticatory muscles without influence from occluding teeth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For a group of 11 participants, 3 dentists were assigned, in turn, to fabricate a centric relation interocclusal record using bimanual manipulation on each member of the group. After obtaining the centric relation interocclusal records using bimanual manipulation, the records were stored in room temperature water. Subsequently, each of the 11 patients had an anterior deprogrammer fabricated and were given instructions to wear the anterior deprogrammer for 60 minutes. The anterior deprogrammer was designed with the contacting surface perpendicular to the arc of close of the mandibular incisors. In addition, the anterior deprogrammer was relined to eliminate any movement under force, and the occluding surface of the deprogrammer was free of any indentations. After wearing the deprogrammer, 4 interocclusal records (3 in a reclined position and 1 in an upright position to ensure the condylar position did not change in the upright position) were made by having the patient squeeze and close into a properly adapted, trimmed, and warmed interocclusal record. The condylar position in centric relation recorded in interocclusal records using bimanual manipulation was compared to the condylar position recorded by the contraction of the masticatory muscles against an anterior deprogrammer using a condylar position indicating device. The data were analyzed with a 2-independent-samples test of proportions, alpha=.05 (1-tail). RESULTS: The condylar positions obtained using bimanual manipulation repeated the condylar position within the 0.11-mm tolerance of the Centri-Check instrument in 33 out of 33 opportunities (100%). The condylar positions obtained by using the anterior deprogrammer technique repeated the condylar position within the 0.11-mm tolerance of the Centri-Check in 43/44 opportunities (97.7%). The sample size used in this pilot study was not large enough to detect a very small actual difference (5 percentage points or less) between the 2 methods, should such a difference exist. CONCLUSION: The results of this pilot study indicate that, without influence from occluding teeth, the contraction of the masticatory muscles places the condyles into the same position as centric relation.


Asunto(s)
Oclusión Dental , Cóndilo Mandibular/anatomía & histología , Músculos Masticadores/fisiología , Contracción Muscular/fisiología , Relación Céntrica , Articuladores Dentales , Humanos , Incisivo/anatomía & histología , Registro de la Relación Maxilomandibular/métodos , Ferulas Oclusales , Proyectos Piloto , Propiedades de Superficie , Factores de Tiempo
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