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1.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 41(8): e610-e616, 2021 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34116531

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pediatric and adolescent forearm fractures are among the most common injuries treated by orthopaedic surgeons. Recent literature shows that there has been an increased interest in operative management for these injuries. The purpose of the current study was to examine the trends in case volume, patient age, surgeon fellowship training, and postoperative complications of surgically treated pediatric forearm fractures over >15-year period of American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) Part II Oral Examination candidates. METHODS: ABOS Part II candidates' Oral Examination Case List data from 2003 to 2019 was queried for all pediatric and adolescent (19 y of age and below) forearm fractures treated operatively. Patient demographics, fracture type, complications, and candidate fellowship type were identified for each case. Linear regression was used to delineate annual trends in patient age, complication rates, and case volume by fellowship type. Analysis of variance was performed to evaluate complication rates by fellowship type. Statistical significance for all comparative analyses was set at P-value <0.05. RESULTS: A total of 4178 pediatric and adolescent forearm fractures (mean age: 12.6 y; SD: 3.7 y) were treated surgically among ABOS Part II Oral Examination candidates during their 6-month collection periods from 2003 to 2019. The mean patient age decreased significantly (P<0.001) over the study timeframe, while complication rates increased (P<0.001). Pediatric fellowship-trained orthopaedic surgeons performed significantly more cases than general orthopaedic surgeons over recent years (P<0.001). No significant trends were identified between fellowship type and complication rates. The overall surgical complication rate was 17%. The complication rate of open fractures was 24%, which was significantly >15% complication rate of closed fractures (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Fellowship-trained pediatric orthopaedic surgeons are performing an increasing number of pediatric and adolescent forearm fracture fixation when compared with other orthopaedic surgeons. The mean age of surgically managed pediatric forearm fracture patients has decreased from 2003 to 2019. There has been an increase in the rate of overall reported complications following pediatric forearm fracture surgery over recent years, without any significant association to any particular subspecialty. Future studies should evaluate the comparative effectiveness of surgical treatment of pediatric forearm fractures compared with closed management.


Asunto(s)
Antebrazo , Ortopedia , Adolescente , Niño , Bases de Datos Factuales , Becas , Fijación de Fractura/efectos adversos , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
2.
Cureus ; 12(9): e10505, 2020 Sep 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094047

RESUMEN

Introduction Midshaft clavicle fractures are a common problem encountered by orthopedic surgeons. There remains debate between non-surgical and surgical treatment options for certain midshaft clavicle fractures. Due to the lack of a clear treatment strategy, this presents an opportunity for shared decision-making, which has been shown to be important to patients. Methods A 19-question survey was created encompassing basic demographic information, then taking respondents through a simulation of a midshaft clavicle fracture patient encounter. Subjects were subsequently asked their preferred treatment choice as well as shared decision-making preferences for the simulated encounter. A pilot study was performed with medical students from our home institution to assess study sample size. The survey was then distributed through an online software platform (Amazon Mechanical Turk). Statistical analysis was performed using STATA, Microsoft Excel, and Qualtrics. Results 253 subjects responded to the online survey. Over 70% of respondents had no to minimal knowledge of clavicle fractures and potential medical interventions/treatments. 67.6% of respondents preferred shared decision-making, over autonomous or paternalistic models. 45.5% of respondents wanted additional time outside the physician-patient consultation before making a treatment decision. A majority of the respondents who selected surgery (44.3%; 43/97) and no surgery (69.9%; 109/156), based their decisions on outcomes data provided in the simulation alone. There was no statistically significant relationship between income, race/ethnicity, education level, work status, sex, or type of visual fracture representation (i.e., radiograph vs. cartoon image) and treatment decision (p>0.05). Younger age (p=0.007) and being married (p=0.001) were associated with increased likelihood to select surgery as the treatment decision.  Conclusion Most respondents had no-to-minimal knowledge about clavicle fractures, placed a high value in shared decision-making for midshaft clavicle fractures, and prioritized outcomes data in making treatment decisions. Younger age and marital status may increase the likelihood of a patient selecting to proceed with surgery over non-operative treatment.

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