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Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 76(4): 227-232, 2019 11 28.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833746

RESUMEN

Introduction: In the present study were determined the psychological, social and cultural factors that are related to organ donation in a Peruvian sample from the districts of San Isidro, Lince and San Juan de Lurigancho (Lima-Peru). Methods: Observational, retrospective, cross-sectional study controls that included adults between 18-60 years. Districts of Lima of different socioeconomic levels (A, B and C), A - San Isidro, B - Lince, and C - San Juan de Lurigancho were included. The questionnaire was administered to people who indicated they were donors and those who were not according to their district of domicile, with an equitable distribution of the surveyed population and the sectors of each district: San Isidro, Lince and San Juan de Lurigancho (5 sectors), 32 inhabitants for each sector of the district. Results: psychological factor was significantly associated with organ donation (OR = 6.407; p <0.001), altruism and fear of disfiguring the body being the ones with the greatest strength of association to organ donation. Social factors (OR = 0.879; p> 0.05) and cultural factors (OR = 0.659; p> 0.05) were not significantly associated. Major conclusion: The statistically significant associated factor to organ donation in the three districts of Lima was the psychological factor; the social and cultural factor did not show association in the districts evaluated.


Asunto(s)
Altruismo , Características Culturales , Miedo/psicología , Psicología , Obtención de Tejidos y Órganos/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Perú , Estudios Retrospectivos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
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