Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.411
Filtrar
1.
J Sports Sci ; : 1-14, 2022 May 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35640049

RESUMEN

This study describes an approach to evaluate the off-ball behaviour of attacking players in association football. The aim was to implement a defensive pressure model to examine an offensive player's ability to create separation from a defender using 1411 high-intensity off-ball actions including 988 Deep Runs (DRs) DRs and 423 Change of Directions (CODs). Twenty-two official matches (14 competitive matches and 8 friendlies) of the German National Team were included in the research. To validate the effectiveness of the pressure model, each pass (n = 25,418) was evaluated for defensive pressure on the receiver at the moment of the pass and for the pass completion rate (R = -.34, p < .001). Next, after assessing the inter-rater reliability (Fleiss Kappa of 80 for DRs and 78 for CODs), three expert raters annotated all DRs and CODs that met the pre-set criteria. A time-series analysis of each DR and COD was calculated to the nearest 0.1 second, finding a slight increase in pressure from the start to the end of the off-ball actions as defenders re-established proximity to the attacker after separation was created. A linear mixed model using run type (DR or COD) as a fixed effect with the local maximum as a fixed effect on a continuous scale resulted in p < 0.001, d = 4.81, CI = 0.63 to 0.67 for the greatest decrease in pressure, p < 0.001, d = 0.143, CI = 9.18 to 10.61 for length of the longest decrease in pressure, and p < 0.001, d = 1.13, CI = 0.90 to 1.11 for the fastest rate of decrease in pressure. As these values pertain to the local maximum, situations with greater starting pressure on the attacker often led to greater subsequent decreases. Furthermore, there was a significant (p < .0001) difference between offensive and defensive positions and the number of off-ball actions. Results suggest the model can be applied to quantify and visualise the pressure exerted on non-ball-possessing players. This approach can be combined with other methods of match analysis, providing practitioners with new opportunities to measure tactical performance in football.

3.
Adv Mater ; 34(18): e2109547, 2022 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35305279

RESUMEN

Fluid-bicontinuous gels are unique materials that allow two distinct fluids to interact through a percolating, rigid scaffold. Current restrictions for their use are the large fluid-channel sizes (>5 µm), limiting the fluid-fluid interaction surface-area, and the inability to flow liquids through the channels. In this work a scalable synthesis route of nanoparticle stabilized fluid-bicontinuous gels with channels sizes below 500 nm and specific surface areas of 2 m2 cm-3 is introduced. Moreover, it is demonstrated that liquids can be pumped through the fluid-bicontinuous gels via electroosmosis. The fast liquid flow in the fluid-bicontinuous gel facilitates their use for molecular separations in continuous-flow liquid-liquid extraction. Together with the high surface areas, liquid flow through fluid-bicontinuous gels enhances their potential as highly permeable porous materials with possible uses as microreaction media, fuel-cell components, and separation membranes.

4.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; 11(4): e0003322, 2022 Apr 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35258324

RESUMEN

We sequenced the genomes of both the purple sulfur gammaproteobacterium Marichromatium gracile HOL-1 and another purple photosynthetic organism, strain H1R, that was originally isolated as an unidentified contaminant. Through genome sequencing, we have now identified organism H1R as a species of Afifella. A whole-genome-based phylogenetic analysis of both species is provided.

5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757537

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the protein expression characteristics of genes employed in a recently introduced prognostic gene expression assay for patients with cutaneous melanoma (CM). METHODS: We studied 37 patients with CM and 10 with benign (melanocytic) nevi (BN). Immunohistochemistry of primary tumor tissue was performed for eight proteins: COL6A6, DCD, GBP4, KLHL41, KRT9, PIP, SCGB1D2, SCGB2A2. RESULTS: The protein expression of most markers investigated was relatively low (e.g., DCD, KRT9, SCGB1D2) and predominantly cytoplasmatic in melanocytes and keratinocytes. COL6A6, GBP4, and KLHL41 expression was significantly enhanced in CM when compared to BN. DCD protein expression was significantly correlated with COL6A6, GBP4, and KLHL41. GBP4 was positively correlated with KLHL41 and inversely correlated with SCGB2B2. The latter was also inversely correlated with serum S100B levels at time of initial diagnosis. The presence of SCGB1D2 expression was significantly associated with ulceration of the primary tumor. KRT9 protein expression was significantly more likely found in acral lentiginous melanoma. The presence of DCD expression was less likely associated with superficial spreading melanoma subtype but significantly associated with non-progressive disease. The absence of SCGB2A2 expression was significantly more often observed in patients who did not progress to stage III or IV. CONCLUSIONS: The expression levels observed were relatively low but differed in part with those found in BN. Even though we detected some significant correlations between the protein expression levels and clinical parameters (e.g., CM subtype, course of disease), there was no major concordance with the protective or risk-associated functions of the corresponding genes included in a recently introduced prognostic gene expression assay.

6.
Vaccine ; 39(40): 5918-5927, 2021 09 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462165

RESUMEN

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) patients living in areas with high prevalence of tick-borne-encephalitis-virus-(TBEV)-infection are recommended for administration of inactivated TBE-vaccination. However, there are serious concerns regarding protective vaccine-induced immune responses against TBEV in immunocompromised patients. The present study aimed to analyze the humoral and cellular immune response to TBE-vaccination in previously TBE-vaccinated JIA patients compared to healthy controls (HC) including investigation of IgG-anti-TBEV avidity, neutralization capacity, cellular reactivity by IFNgamma-ELISPOT and cytokine secretion assays. Similar IgG-anti-TBEV antibody concentrations, neutralization titers and cellular reactivity were found between JIA and HC. The number and the early timing of booster vaccinations after primary vaccination had the most prominent effect on neutralizing antibodies in JIA and on IgG-anti-TBEV concentrations in both JIA and HC. Administration of booster vaccinations made it more likely for JIA patients to have IgG-anti-TBEV concentrations ≥165 VIEU/ml and avidities >60%. TNF-alpha inhibitors had a positive and MTX administration a negative effect on humoral immune responses. In conclusion, irrespective of having JIA or not, vaccinated children showed similar humoral and cellular immunity against TBEV several years after primary TBE-vaccination. However, in JIA, booster vaccinations mounted a significantly higher humoral immune response than in JIA without boosters. Our results highlight the need for timely administration of boosters particularly in JIA. Although immunosuppressive treatment at vaccinations in diagnosed JIA had a negative effect mainly on TBEV-specific cellular immunity, most JIA patients mounted a favorable humoral immune response which was maintained over time. Thus, successful TBE-vaccination seems highly feasible in JIA patients with immunosuppressive regimens.


Asunto(s)
Artritis Juvenil , Encefalitis Transmitida por Garrapatas , Garrapatas , Vacunas Virales , Animales , Anticuerpos Antivirales , Niño , Encefalitis Transmitida por Garrapatas/prevención & control , Humanos , Inmunidad Celular , Vacunación
7.
Public Health Action ; 11(2): 97-100, 2021 Jun 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34159070

RESUMEN

SETTING: Rural Eastern Cape, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To identify steps in the TB preventive care cascade from routinely collected data among TB patients at a district hospital prior to the implementation of a novel TB program. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. We adapted the TB prevention cascade to measure indicators routinely collected at district hospitals for TB using a cascade framework to evaluate outcomes in the cohort of close contacts. RESULTS: A total of 1,722 charts of TB patients were reviewed. The majority of patients (87%) were newly diagnosed with no previous episodes of TB. A total of 1,548 (90%) patients identified at least one close contact. A total of 7,548 contacts were identified with a median of 4.9 (range 1-16) contacts per patient. Among all contacts identified, 2,913 (39%) were screened for TB. Only 15 (0.5%) started TB preventive therapy and 122 (4.4%) started TB treatment. Nearly 25% of all medical history and clinical information was left unanswered among the 1,722 TB charts reviewed. CONCLUSION: Few close contacts were screened or started on TB preventive therapy in this cohort. Primary care providers for TB care in district health facilities should be informed of best practices for screening and treating TB infection and disease.


CONTEXTE: Le Cap Est rural, le Cap, Afrique du Sud. OBJECTIF: Identifier les étapes de la cascade de soins préventifs de la TB à partir des données de routine recueillies parmi des patients dans un hôpital de district avant la mise en œuvre d'un nouveau programme TB. SCHÉMA: Ceci était une étude rétrospective. Nous avons adapté la cascade de prévention de la TB pour mesurer les indicateurs recueillis en routine dans les hôpitaux de district pour la TB en utilisant un cadre en cascade afin d'évaluer les résultats dans la cohorte des contacts étroits. RÉSULTATS: Un total de 1 722 dossiers de patients TB a été revu. La majorité des patients (87%) avait un diagnostic nouveau sans épisode de TB préalable. Un total de 1 548 (90%) patients ont identifié au moins un contact étroit ; 7 548 contacts ont été identifiés avec une médiane de 4,9 (fourchette 1­16) contacts par patient. Parmi tous les contacts identifiés, 2 913 (39%) ont eu une recherche de TB. Seulement 15 (0,5%) ont initié le traitement préventif et 122 (4,4%) ont mis en route le traitement de TB. Près de 25% de tous les antécédents et autres informations cliniques n'était pas remplis dans les 1 722 dossiers TB revus. CONCLUSION: Peu de contacts étroits ont été dépistés ou mis sous traitement préventif de TB dans cette cohorte. Les prestataires de soins de santé primaires pour la TB dans les structures de santé des districts doivent être informés des meilleures pratiques pour le dépistage et le traitement de la TB infection et maladie.

8.
Appl Opt ; 60(11): 2967-2973, 2021 Apr 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33983189

RESUMEN

Liquid thermometry during primary and secondary breakup of liquid sprays is challenging due to the presence of highly dynamic, optically complex flow features. This work evaluates the use of x-ray scattering from a focused, monochromatic beam of the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory for the measurement of liquid temperatures within the mixing zone of an impinging jet spray. The measured scattering profiles are converted to temperature through a previously developed two-component partial least squares (PLS) regression model. Transmitive mixing during jet merging is inferred through spatial mapping of temperatures within the impingement region. The technique exhibits uncertainties of ±2K in temperature and 2% in capturing the correct scattering profile, showing its potential utility for probing liquid temperature distributions in multiphase flows.

9.
Radiat Prot Dosimetry ; 195(3-4): 327-333, 2021 Oct 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839784

RESUMEN

Radiopharmaceuticals have been used for the treatment of various forms of cancer since the 1940s. In recent years, the advantages of alpha emitting radionuclides have emerged as a favourable treatment option. However, most alpha emitting radionuclides have long decay chains with long-lived daughter radionuclides. This leads to uncertainties in the dosimetry for normal organs and tissues, when established dosimetry models are employed. The aim of this project is to assign each progeny its own biokinetic behaviour. The novel dosimetry model was applied to 223Ra-dichloride, frequently used for the treatment of patients with metastatic bone disease from castration-resistant prostate cancer. In this dosimetry model, individual biokinetics for each daughter radionuclide was included. This resulted in a decrease in absorbed dose to bone surfaces and red marrow and increased absorbed dose to liver and kidney, when compared with dosimetry models assuming that the daughter nuclides follow the biokinetics of the parent radionuclide.


Asunto(s)
Radio (Elemento) , Humanos , Masculino , Radioisótopos , Radiometría , Radiofármacos , Programas Informáticos
10.
Urologe A ; 60(6): 740-745, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575823

RESUMEN

As part of a retrospective data analysis over a period of 6 years, the coincidence of undescended testis and hydatid of Morgagni (appendix testis) was examined on the basis of 814 operated testes. The overall prevalence of hydatids after opening of the testicular envelope of undescended testes was 62.66%. In addition, we were able to establish a correlation between patient age and the hydatid size. According to the results of the study, the size of the hydatid-with growth most likely to be influenced by hormones-can be assumed to be associated with the patient's age.


Asunto(s)
Criptorquidismo , Quiste Paraovárico , Criptorquidismo/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalencia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Testículo
11.
Trials ; 22(1): 84, 2021 Jan 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482890

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The lack of approved treatments for the majority of rare diseases is reflective of the unique challenges of orphan drug development. Novel methodologies, including new functionally relevant endpoints, are needed to render the development process more feasible and appropriate for these rare populations and thereby expedite the approval of promising treatments to address patients' high unmet medical need. Here, we describe the development of an innovative master protocol and primary outcome assessment to investigate the modified amino acid N-acetyl-L-leucine (Sponsor Code: IB1001) in three separate, multinational, phase II trials for three ultra-rare, autosomal-recessive, neurodegenerative disorders: Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC), GM2 gangliosidoses (Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff disease; "GM2"), and ataxia telangiectasia (A-T). METHODS/DESIGN: The innovative IB1001 master protocol and novel CI-CS primary endpoints were developed through a close collaboration between the Industry Sponsor, Key Opinion Leaders, representatives of the Patient Communities, and National Regulatory Authorities. As a result, the open-label, rater-blinded study design is considerate of the practical limitations of recruitment and retention of subjects in these ultra-orphan populations. The novel primary endpoint, the Clinical Impression of Change in Severity© (CI-CS), accommodates the heterogenous clinical presentation of NPC, GM2, and A-T: at screening, the principal investigator appoints for each patient a primary anchor test (either the 8-m walk test (8MWT) or 9-hole peg test of the dominant hand (9HPT-D)) based on his/her unique clinical symptoms. The anchor tests are videoed in a standardized manner at each visit to capture all aspects related to the patient's functional performance. The CI-CS assessment is ultimately performed by independent, blinded raters who compare videos of the primary anchor test from three periods: baseline, the end of treatment, and the end of a post-treatment washout. Blinded to the time point of each video, the raters make an objective comparison scored on a 7-point Likert scale of the change in the severity of the patient's neurological signs and symptoms from video A to video B. To investigate both the symptomatic and disease-modifying effects of treatment, N-acetyl-L-leucine is assessed during two treatment sequences: a 6-week parent study and 1-year extension phase. DISCUSSION: The novel CI-CS assessment, developed through a collaboration of all stakeholders, is advantageous in that it better ensures the primary endpoint is functionally relevant for each patient, is able to capture small but meaningful clinical changes critical to the patients' quality of life (fine-motor skills; gait), and blinds the primary outcome assessment. The results of these three trials will inform whether N-acetyl-L-leucine is an effective treatment for NPC, GM2, and A-T and can also serve as a new therapeutic paradigm for the development of future treatments for other orphan diseases. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The three trials (IB1001-201 for Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC), IB1001-202 for GM2 gangliosidoses (Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff), IB1001-203 for ataxia telangiectasia (A-T)) have been registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03759639; NCT03759665; NCT03759678), www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu (EudraCT: 2018-004331-71; 2018-004406-25; 2018-004407-39), and https://www.germanctr.de (DR KS-ID: DRKS00016567; DRKS00017539; DRKS00020511).


Asunto(s)
Ataxia Telangiectasia , Gangliosidosis GM2 , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas , Femenino , Humanos , Leucina , Masculino , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas/tratamiento farmacológico , Calidad de Vida
12.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 35(1): 203-210, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978818

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In a small number of kindreds with familial hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) different mutations of NCSTN (nicastrin) have been identified. Blocking of NCSTN leads to impairment of the Notch and PI3K/AKT signalling pathway, which is assumed to play a pathogenic role in HS. However, very limited data are available concerning expression levels of these pathway components in HS skin. OBJECTIVES: To analyse the mRNA and protein expression of NCSTN, Notch1-3, PIK3R3 and AKT3 in HS. METHODS: Skin samples from healthy controls, lesional and perilesional skin of HS patients with and without a positive family history were analysed by quantitative real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Univariate statistical analyses were conducted regarding association between expression levels and patient's characteristics. RESULTS: Expression levels of all investigated genes showed significantly higher levels in lesional HS skin compared with healthy controls. Univariate analysis showed no association between a positive family history and mRNA expression levels. Perilesional HS skin of patients with mild disease severity (Hurley I) showed significant higher mRNA expression levels of the investigated pathway components compared to moderate (Hurley II) and severe disease (Hurley III). CONCLUSION: We found no evidence for diminished expression levels of the Notch signalling. In contrast, the NCSTN, Notch and PI3K/AKT signalling components are overexpressed in HS. Future research is needed to investigate a possible pathogenetic role or to reveal a coactivation of these overexpressed components during inflammatory response in HS.


Asunto(s)
Hidradenitis Supurativa , Hidradenitis Supurativa/genética , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/genética , Transducción de Señal , Piel , Factores de Transcripción
13.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 48(4): 1178-1187, 2021 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057927

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: In cancer of unknown primary (CUP), positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) with the glucose analog [18F]FDG represents the standard imaging approach for localization of the malignant primary. Frequently, however, [18F]FDG PET/CT cannot precisely distinguish between small occult tumors and chronic inflammation, especially in Waldeyer's tonsillar ring. To improve the accuracy for detecting primary tumors in the Waldeyer's tonsillar ring, the novel PET tracer [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-4 for specific imaging of fibroblast activation protein (FAP) expression was used as a more specific target for cancer imaging. METHODS: Eight patients with suspicion of a malignant tumor in Waldeyer's tonsillar ring or a CUP syndrome were examined. PET/CT scans with [18F]-FDG and [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-4 were performed for pre-operative tumor localization. After surgical resection, histopathological and immunohistochemical results were compared to PET/CT findings. RESULTS: Histopathology revealed a palatine or lingual tonsil carcinoma in all patients. In case of lymph node metastases smaller than 7 mm in size, the [18F]FDG PET/CT detection rate of cervical lymph node metastases was higher than that of [68Ga]FAPI PET/CT, while both tracers identified the primary tumors in all eight cases. The size of the primary and the lymph node metastases was directly correlated to the respective FAP expression, as detected by immunohistochemistry. The mean SUVmax for the primary tumors was 21.29 ± 7.97 for 18F-FDG and 16.06 ± 6.29 for 68Ga-FAPI, respectively (p = 0.2). The mean SUVmax for the healthy contralateral tonsils was 8.38 ± 2.45 for [18F]FDG and 3.55 ± 0.47 for [68Ga]FAPI (p < 0.001). The SUVmax ratio of [68Ga]FAPI was significantly different from [18F] FDG (p = 0.03). Mean TBRmax for the [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-4 tracer was markedly higher in comparison to [18F]FDG (10.90 vs. 4.11). CONCLUSION: Non-invasive imaging of FAP expression by [68Ga]FAPI PET/CT resulted in a better visual detection of the malignant primary in CUP, as compared to [18F]FDG imaging. However, the detection rate of lymph node metastases was inferior, presumably due to low FAP expression in small metastases. Nevertheless, by offering a detection method for primary tumors with the potential of lower false positive rates and thus avoiding biopsies, patients with CUP syndrome may benefit from [68Ga]FAPI PET/CT imaging.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Primarias Desconocidas , Tomografía Computarizada por Tomografía de Emisión de Positrones , Fluorodesoxiglucosa F18 , Radioisótopos de Galio , Humanos , Ganglios Linfáticos , Neoplasias Primarias Desconocidas/diagnóstico por imagen
14.
Nanotechnology ; 32(4): 042003, 2021 Jan 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155576

RESUMEN

This roadmap on Nanotechnology for Catalysis and Solar Energy Conversion focuses on the application of nanotechnology in addressing the current challenges of energy conversion: 'high efficiency, stability, safety, and the potential for low-cost/scalable manufacturing' to quote from the contributed article by Nathan Lewis. This roadmap focuses on solar-to-fuel conversion, solar water splitting, solar photovoltaics and bio-catalysis. It includes dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), perovskite solar cells, and organic photovoltaics. Smart engineering of colloidal quantum materials and nanostructured electrodes will improve solar-to-fuel conversion efficiency, as described in the articles by Waiskopf and Banin and Meyer. Semiconductor nanoparticles will also improve solar energy conversion efficiency, as discussed by Boschloo et al in their article on DSSCs. Perovskite solar cells have advanced rapidly in recent years, including new ideas on 2D and 3D hybrid halide perovskites, as described by Spanopoulos et al 'Next generation' solar cells using multiple exciton generation (MEG) from hot carriers, described in the article by Nozik and Beard, could lead to remarkable improvement in photovoltaic efficiency by using quantization effects in semiconductor nanostructures (quantum dots, wires or wells). These challenges will not be met without simultaneous improvement in nanoscale characterization methods. Terahertz spectroscopy, discussed in the article by Milot et al is one example of a method that is overcoming the difficulties associated with nanoscale materials characterization by avoiding electrical contacts to nanoparticles, allowing characterization during device operation, and enabling characterization of a single nanoparticle. Besides experimental advances, computational science is also meeting the challenges of nanomaterials synthesis. The article by Kohlstedt and Schatz discusses the computational frameworks being used to predict structure-property relationships in materials and devices, including machine learning methods, with an emphasis on organic photovoltaics. The contribution by Megarity and Armstrong presents the 'electrochemical leaf' for improvements in electrochemistry and beyond. In addition, biohybrid approaches can take advantage of efficient and specific enzyme catalysts. These articles present the nanoscience and technology at the forefront of renewable energy development that will have significant benefits to society.

15.
Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed ; 116(4): 332-338, 2021 May.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034432

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Based on a recent warning from the drug authorities about increased suicidality among users of hormonal contraceptives, this article discusses the legal consequences of translating novel findings from clinical trials into altered contents of gaining informed consent during the medical consultation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Comprehensive information in accordance with § 630e German Civil Code (BGB) requires that rare drug reactions be mentioned by the prescribing physician, when they are associated with serious sequelae. This act regulates the treating physician's obligations to inform about complications for both preventive and curative treatment options. In this paper, we refer to the scientific evidence level of data from clinical trials as the key feature for implementing altered medical information in the proper conduct of acquiring the consent of the patient in line with § 630e BGB. The article discusses how additions and amendments to the package leaflet and the expert information will impact on the obligations for the treating party to provide information for the patient in order to obtain informed consent. In particular, we focus on the relationship between the obligations for the physician prescribing oral contraceptives on an individual case and the generalized information conditions according to § 11 and § 11a German Medicinal Products Act. DISCUSSION: Current warnings of the drug authorities in the form of red-hand letters do not necessarily have legal consequences for gaining informed consent during the medical consultation.


Asunto(s)
Preparaciones Farmacéuticas , Médicos , Humanos , Consentimiento Informado
16.
Mol Plant Microbe Interact ; 34(3): 227-239, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135964

RESUMEN

Strawberry cultivation is associated with high mineral fertilizer doses and extensive use of chemical plant protection products. Based on previous research, we expected that chitin application to peat substrate would increase the nutrient availability and activate the plant systemic defense response, resulting in higher strawberry yields and fewer disease symptoms. We set up two experiments in which the temporal variability and differences in initial nutrient concentrations of the growing media were taken into account. Chitin treatment resulted in the attraction of plant growth-promoting fungi toward the plant root, such as species from genera Mortierella and Umbelopsis. In addition, by the end of the experiments 87 mg of mineral nitrogen (N) per liter of substrate was mineralized, which can be related to the observed increase in plant shoot biomass. This, however, led to nutrient imbalances in plant shoots and fruit; N concentration in the leaves increased over 30%, exceeding the optimal range, while phosphorous (P) and potassium (K) deficiencies occurred, with concentrations lower than 50% of the optimal range. This may explain the decreased fruit yield and disease resistance of the fruit toward Botrytis cinerea. In contrast, chitin caused a clear defense priming effect in the strawberry leaves, with a strong induction of the jasmonic acid response, resulting in fewer foliar disease symptoms. Chitin causes positive effects on shoot growth and foliar disease resistance, but caution needs to be taken for nutrient imbalances leading to negative influences on root growth, fruit production, and disease susceptibility toward B. cinerea.[Formula: see text] Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license.


Asunto(s)
Resistencia a la Enfermedad , Fragaria , Frutas , Fenómenos Fisiológicos de la Nutrición , Botrytis/fisiología , Quitina/farmacología , Resistencia a la Enfermedad/efectos de los fármacos , Fragaria/efectos de los fármacos , Fragaria/crecimiento & desarrollo , Fragaria/inmunología , Fragaria/microbiología , Frutas/crecimiento & desarrollo , Frutas/microbiología , Nitrógeno/metabolismo , Nutrientes/metabolismo , Fósforo/metabolismo , Hojas de la Planta/química
17.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; 9(49)2020 Dec 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33273003

RESUMEN

Phaeovibrio sulfidiphilus was reported to be a divergent member of the purple photosynthetic bacteria with limited ability to metabolize organic compounds. Whole-genome-based analysis shows that it is indeed only distantly related to freshwater species of Rhodospirillaceae Unexpectedly, the genome contains unique gene clusters for potential respiratory nitrate reduction and anaerobic glycerol metabolism.

18.
Int J Bipolar Disord ; 8(1): 24, 2020 Aug 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32743735

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This first mixed-methods UK trial examined the feasibility and acceptability of a future definitive randomised controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate whether Family Focussed Treatment for Adolescents with Bipolar Disorder (FFT-A) UK version can improve family functioning and well-being as part of the management of Paediatric Bipolar Disorder (PBD). METHOD: The trial used a randomised, parallel group, non-blinded design where participants received FFT-A UK (16 sessions over 6 months) immediately or after 12 months (delayed arm). Measures of family functioning, well-being and quality of life of the young person and the main carer (most commonly a parent) were completed at baseline, 6 and 12-months in both arms. Primary outcome measures included rates of eligibility, consent and retention along with estimates of variability in the measures and assessment of the intervention delivery. Qualitative interviews allowed assessment of participants' views about FFT-A and the trial processes. RESULTS: Twenty-seven of 36 young persons with PBD and their families consented; of these, 14 families were randomised to the immediate and 13 to the delayed arm. Two families from the immediate arm withdrew consent and discontinued participation. Quantitative measures were completed by 22 families (88%) at 6-months and 21 families (84%) at 12-months. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 30 participants (9 young people, 15 parents and 6 other family members). Nine families attended 3 post-trial focus groups. CONCLUSION: It was feasible to recruit and retain to this trial. The results highlighted that trial design and measures were acceptable to participants. A benefit in family relationships was reported by participants which they attributed to the intervention in qualitative interviews. Families recommended that future modifications include definitive trial(s) recruiting participants in the age range 15-25 years as it felt this was the age range with maximum need. Trial registration ISRCTN, ISRCTN59769322. Registered 20 January 2014, http://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN59769322.

19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6016, 2020 04 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32265467

RESUMEN

Anorectal malformations (ARM) are a spectrum of anomalies of the rectum and anal canal affecting 1 in 2500 to 5000 live births. Functional problems are common and related to the type of ARM and associated malformations. We aimed to evaluate the results of Three-dimensional High Resolution Anorectal Manometry (3D-HRAM) in long-term follow-up after surgical correction of ARM with special reference to fecal incontinence. Twenty-one patients with anorectal malformations and primary repair at our center consented to participate in the study. Pressures of the anal sphincter muscles and defects were addressed by 3D-HRAM. Fecal incontinence and disease-specific quality of life were evaluated by the Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life score and Wexner incontinence score respectively. The study was approved by the Committee in Health Research Ethics and the Danish Data Protection Agency. Median age was 22(12-31) years and 13(67%) participants were females. Sphincter defect was present in 48% (N = 10) of participants. Participants with sphincter defects had significant higher Wexner score and size of sphincter defects and mean anal squeeze pressure were correlated to Wexner score. Participants with or without sphincter defects did not differ on manometry parameters including resting anal and squeeze pressure or disease-specific quality of life. In a study of the long-term outcome after repair of anorectal malformations we found a higher Wexner incontinence score in the presence of an anal sphincter defect and the size of the defect and mean anal squeeze pressure were correlated to the Wexner incontinence score.


Asunto(s)
Malformaciones Anorrectales/patología , Incontinencia Fecal/patología , Adolescente , Adulto , Canal Anal/patología , Malformaciones Anorrectales/complicaciones , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Incontinencia Fecal/complicaciones , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Calidad de Vida , Recto/patología , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Adulto Joven
20.
J Laryngol Otol ; 134(4): 293-301, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32301406

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Ménière's disease is a debilitating chronic peripheral vestibular disorder associated with psychiatric co-morbidities, notably depression. METHODS: Database searches were performed to identify studies that assessed depression in Ménière's disease. Metrics used to diagnose depression were extracted, along with the prevalence of depression in each study. RESULTS: Fifteen studies from 8 different countries reported on 6587 patients. The weighted average age was 55.3 years (range, 21-88 years). Depression was measured by eight different scales, with Zung's Self-Rating Depression Scale used most often. A weighted proportion of 45.9 per cent of patients (confidence interval = 28.9-63.3) were depressed. Weighted averages (± standard deviations) of Beck's Depression Inventory and the Illness Behavior Questionnaire - Dysphoria were 8.5 ± 7.9 and 2.4 ± 1.7, respectively. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of depression in patients with Ménière's disease is nearly 50 per cent. Treating otolaryngologists should have a low threshold to screen and refer appropriately. Identifying and treating depression should allow for improvement of overall quality of life in patients with Ménière's disease.


Asunto(s)
Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/psicología , Enfermedad de Meniere/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Comorbilidad , Depresión/diagnóstico , Depresión/etiología , Femenino , Pérdida Auditiva/diagnóstico , Pérdida Auditiva/etiología , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermedad de Meniere/complicaciones , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Calidad de Vida , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Acúfeno/diagnóstico , Acúfeno/etiología , Vértigo/diagnóstico , Vértigo/etiología
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...