Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 35
Filtrar
Más filtros










Intervalo de año de publicación
3.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 113(5): 451-458, Mayo 2022. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-206485

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Los pacientes diagnosticados de cáncer queratinocítico (carcinoma basocelular y carcinoma epidermoide cutáneo) o cáncer cutáneo no melanoma (CCNM) tienen un riesgo aumentado de desarrollar una segunda neoplasia cutánea. Nuestro objetivo es describir la frecuencia, tasa de incidencia y factores de riesgo predisponentes para desarrollar una segunda neoplasia cutánea en una cohorte de pacientes tratados mediante cirugía micrográfica de Mohs (CMM). Material y métodos: Estudio prospectivo de una cohorte nacional de pacientes incluidos para realización de CMM para tratar CCNM en 22 centros españoles (julio 2013-febrero 2020) REGESMOHS. Las variables analizadas incluyen las características demográficas, la frecuencia de aparición de segundas neoplasias cutáneas, sus tasas de incidencia y factores de riesgo, y se estimaron utilizando un modelo de regresión logístico multivariante de efectos mixtos. Resultados: Fueron intervenidos 4.768 pacientes: 4.397 (92%) carcinomas basocelulares, y 371 (8%) carcinomas epidermoides. El tiempo medio de seguimiento fue de 2,4 años. Se diagnosticó un nuevo tumor durante el seguimiento en 1.201 pacientes (25%); 1.013 (21%) fueron carcinomas basocelulares, 154 (3%) carcinomas epidermoides cutáneos, 20 melanomas (0,4%) La tasa de incidencia fue de 107 (101-113) por 1.000 personas/año para cualquier tumor; 90 (85-96) para el carcinoma basocelular, 14 (12-16) para el carcinoma epidermoide cutáneo y 2 (1-3) para el melanoma. El riesgo de nueva neoplasia fue mayor en varones que en mujeres 738 (61%) vs. 463 (39%). Los factores de riesgo más significativos fueron la historia de múltiples tumores previos al diagnóstico (RR: 4,6; IC 95%: 2,9-7,1); la inmunosupresión (RR: 2,1; IC 95%: 1,4-3,1) y paciente varón (RR: 1,6; IC 95%: 1,4-1,9) (AU)


Objective: Patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC)—ie, basal cell carcinoma (BCC) or squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)—have an increased risk of developing a second skin cancer. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency, incidence per 1000 person-years, and predictors of a second skin cancer in a cohort of patients with NMSC treated with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS). Material and methods: Prospective study of a national cohort of patients with NMSC who underwent MMS at 22 Spanish hospitals between July 2013 and February 2020; case data were recorded in the REGESMOHS registry. The study variables included demographic characteristics, frequency and incidence per 1000 person-years of second skin cancers diagnosed during the study period, and risk factors identified using mixed-effects logistic regression. Results: We analyzed data for 4768 patients who underwent MMS; 4397 (92%) had BCC and 371 (8%) had SCC. Mean follow-up was 2.4 years. Overall, 1201 patients (25%) developed a second skin cancer during follow-up; 1013 of the tumors were BCCs (21%), 154 were SCCs (3%), and 20 were melanomas (0.4%). The incidence was 107 per 1000 person-years (95% CI, 101-113) for any cancer, 90 per 1000 person-years (95% CI, 85-96) for BCC, 14 (95% CI, 12-16) per 1000 person-years for SCC, and 2 (95% CI, 1-3) per 1000 person-years for melanoma. More men than women developed a subsequent skin cancer (738 [61%] vs 463 [39%]). The main risk factors were a history of multiple tumors before diagnosis (relative risk [RR], 4.6; 95% CI, 2.9-7.1), immunosuppression (RR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.4-3.1), and male sex (RR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.4-1.9). Conclusion: Patients have an increased risk of developing a second tumor after MMS treatment of NMSC. Risk factors are a history of multiple tumors at diagnosis, immunosuppression, and male sex (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Neoplasias Cutáneas/epidemiología , Carcinoma Basocelular/epidemiología , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiología , Cirugía de Mohs , Neoplasias Primarias Secundarias/epidemiología , Neoplasias Cutáneas/cirugía , Carcinoma Basocelular/cirugía , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirugía , Estudios Prospectivos , Estudios de Cohortes , Factores de Riesgo , Incidencia , España/epidemiología
4.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 113(5): t451-t458, Mayo 2022. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-206486

RESUMEN

Objective: Patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC)—ie, basal cell carcinoma (BCC) or squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)—have an increased risk of developing a second skin cancer. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency, incidence per 1000 person-years, and predictors of a second skin cancer in a cohort of patients with NMSC treated with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS). Material and methods: Prospective study of a national cohort of patients with NMSC who underwent MMS at 22 Spanish hospitals between July 2013 and February 2020; case data were recorded in the REGESMOHS registry. The study variables included demographic characteristics, frequency and incidence per 1000 person-years of second skin cancers diagnosed during the study period, and risk factors identified using mixed-effects logistic regression. Results: We analyzed data for 4768 patients who underwent MMS; 4397 (92%) had BCC and 371 (8%) had SCC. Mean follow-up was 2.4 years. Overall, 1201 patients (25%) developed a second skin cancer during follow-up; 1013 of the tumors were BCCs (21%), 154 were SCCs (3%), and 20 were melanomas (0.4%). The incidence was 107 per 1000 person-years (95% CI, 101-113) for any cancer, 90 per 1000 person-years (95% CI, 85-96) for BCC, 14 (95% CI, 12-16) per 1000 person-years for SCC, and 2 (95% CI, 1-3) per 1000 person-years for melanoma. More men than women developed a subsequent skin cancer (738 [61%] vs 463 [39%]). The main risk factors were a history of multiple tumors before diagnosis (relative risk [RR], 4.6; 95% CI, 2.9-7.1), immunosuppression (RR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.4-3.1), and male sex (RR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.4-1.9). Conclusion: Patients have an increased risk of developing a second tumor after MMS treatment of NMSC. Risk factors are a history of multiple tumors at diagnosis, immunosuppression, and male sex (AU)


Objetivo: Los pacientes diagnosticados de cáncer queratinocítico (carcinoma basocelular y carcinoma epidermoide cutáneo) o cáncer cutáneo no melanoma (CCNM) tienen un riesgo aumentado de desarrollar una segunda neoplasia cutánea. Nuestro objetivo es describir la frecuencia, tasa de incidencia y factores de riesgo predisponentes para desarrollar una segunda neoplasia cutánea en una cohorte de pacientes tratados mediante cirugía micrográfica de Mohs (CMM). Material y métodos: Estudio prospectivo de una cohorte nacional de pacientes incluidos para realización de CMM para tratar CCNM en 22 centros españoles (julio 2013-febrero 2020) REGESMOHS. Las variables analizadas incluyen las características demográficas, la frecuencia de aparición de segundas neoplasias cutáneas, sus tasas de incidencia y factores de riesgo, y se estimaron utilizando un modelo de regresión logístico multivariante de efectos mixtos. Resultados: Fueron intervenidos 4.768 pacientes: 4.397 (92%) carcinomas basocelulares, y 371 (8%) carcinomas epidermoides. El tiempo medio de seguimiento fue de 2,4 años. Se diagnosticó un nuevo tumor durante el seguimiento en 1.201 pacientes (25%); 1.013 (21%) fueron carcinomas basocelulares, 154 (3%) carcinomas epidermoides cutáneos, 20 melanomas (0,4%) La tasa de incidencia fue de 107 (101-113) por 1.000 personas/año para cualquier tumor; 90 (85-96) para el carcinoma basocelular, 14 (12-16) para el carcinoma epidermoide cutáneo y 2 (1-3) para el melanoma. El riesgo de nueva neoplasia fue mayor en varones que en mujeres 738 (61%) vs. 463 (39%). Los factores de riesgo más significativos fueron la historia de múltiples tumores previos al diagnóstico (RR: 4,6; IC 95%: 2,9-7,1); la inmunosupresión (RR: 2,1; IC 95%: 1,4-3,1) y paciente varón (RR: 1,6; IC 95%: 1,4-1,9) (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Neoplasias Cutáneas/epidemiología , Carcinoma Basocelular/epidemiología , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiología , Cirugía de Mohs , Neoplasias Primarias Secundarias/epidemiología , Neoplasias Cutáneas/cirugía , Carcinoma Basocelular/cirugía , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirugía , Estudios Prospectivos , Estudios de Cohortes , Factores de Riesgo , Incidencia , España/epidemiología
9.
Actas Dermosifiliogr ; 113(5): 451-458, 2022 May.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35431059

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC)-ie, basal cell carcinoma (BCC) or squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)-have an increased risk of developing a second skin cancer. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency, incidence per 1000 person-years, and predictors of a second skin cancer in a cohort of patients with NMSC treated with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study of a national cohort of patients with NMSC who underwent MMS at 22 Spanish hospitals between July 2013 and February 2020; case data were recorded in the REGESMOHS registry. The study variables included demographic characteristics, frequency and incidence per 1000 person-years of second skin cancers diagnosed during the study period, and risk factors identified using mixed-effects logistic regression. RESULTS: We analyzed data for 4768 patients who underwent MMS; 4397 (92%) had BCC and 371 (8%) had SCC. Mean follow-up was 2.4 years. Overall, 1201 patients (25%) developed a second skin cancer during follow-up; 1013 of the tumors were BCCs (21%), 154 were SCCs (3%), and 20 were melanomas (0.4%). The incidence was 107 per 1000 person-years (95% CI, 101-113) for any cancer, 90 per 1000 person-years (95% CI, 85-96) for BCC, 14 (95% CI, 12-16) per 1000 person-years for SCC, and 2 (95% CI, 1-3) per 1000 person-years for melanoma. More men than women developed a subsequent skin cancer (738 [61%] vs 463 [39%]). The main risk factors were a history of multiple tumors before diagnosis (relative risk [RR], 4.6; 95% CI, 2.9-7.1), immunosuppression (RR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.4-3.1), and male sex (RR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.4-1.9). CONCLUSION: Patients have an increased risk of developing a second tumor after MMS treatment of NMSC. Risk factors are a history of multiple tumors at diagnosis, immunosuppression, and male sex.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Basocelular , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Melanoma , Neoplasias Basocelulares , Neoplasias Cutáneas , Carcinoma Basocelular/epidemiología , Carcinoma Basocelular/patología , Carcinoma Basocelular/cirugía , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiología , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patología , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirugía , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Melanoma/complicaciones , Cirugía de Mohs , Estudios Prospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Neoplasias Cutáneas/epidemiología , Neoplasias Cutáneas/etiología , Neoplasias Cutáneas/cirugía
11.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 112(1): 63-68, ene. 2021. tab, ilus
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-200046

RESUMEN

El carcinoma de células de Merkel (CCM) es una neoplasia neuroendocrina maligna. Con frecuencia existe diseminación ganglionar o metástasis al diagnóstico. Realizamos un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de los pacientes con CMM del Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcón entre enero/1998 y diciembre/2018. En 21 años diagnosticamos 11 pacientes con CCM: 7 varones (63%) y 4 mujeres (36%), con una edad media de 77,6 años. El 45% de los pacientes presentaron un estadio IIIB (pTNM) al diagnóstico. Todos los pacientes menos uno, fueron subsidiarios de cirugía local, identificándose en 7 casos invasión linfovascular. Tras la cirugía, 5 pacientes recibieron radioterapia adyuvante y 3 quimioterapia adyuvante. El 54% fallecieron por el tumor (tiempo medio supervivencia: 14,5 meses). El CCM es una neoplasia maligna infrecuente cuya incidencia se sitúa en 0,18-0,41 casos/100.000 habitantes/año, similar a los 0,29-0,32 casos/100.000 habitantes/año registrados en nuestra serie. Recientemente ha sido aprobado avelumab para casos metastásicos con esperanzas prometedoras


Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a malignant neuroendocrine tumor. Metastasis or lymph node spread is often detected at diagnosis. We performed a descriptive, retrospective study of patients diagnosed with MMC at Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcón in the Community of Madrid, Spain between January 1998 and December 2018. Eleven patients (7 men [63%] and 4 women [36%]; mean age, 77.6 years) were diagnosed with MCC during this 21-year period; 45% of patients had stage IIIB disease (pTNM) at diagnosis. All patients but one underwent local surgery, and lymphovascular invasion was detected in 7 cases. Eight patients received adjuvant therapy after surgery (radiation therapy in 5 cases and chemotherapy in 3). Six patients (54%) died of MCC (mean survival, 14.5 months). MCC is an uncommon malignant tumor with an annual incidence of around 0.18 to 0.41 cases per 100 000 inhabitants; this is similar to the rate of 0.29 to 0.32 cases per 100 000 inhabitants a year detected in our series. Results with avelumab, a drug recently approved for the treatment of metastatic MCC; have been promising


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Carcinoma de Células de Merkel/patología , Neoplasias Cutáneas/patología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Biopsia del Ganglio Linfático Centinela , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Carcinoma de Células de Merkel/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutáneas/diagnóstico , España
12.
Actas Dermosifiliogr (Engl Ed) ; 112(1): 63-68, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888930

RESUMEN

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a malignant neuroendocrine tumor. Metastasis or lymph node spread is often detected at diagnosis. We performed a descriptive, retrospective study of patients diagnosed with MMC at Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcón in the Community of Madrid, Spain between January 1998 and December 2018. Eleven patients (7 men [63%] and 4 women [36%]; mean age, 77.6 years) were diagnosed with MCC during this 21-year period; 45% of patients had stage IIIB disease (pTNM) at diagnosis. All patients but one underwent local surgery, and lymphovascular invasion was detected in 7 cases. Eight patients received adjuvant therapy after surgery (radiation therapy in 5 cases and chemotherapy in 3). Six patients (54%) died of MCC (mean survival, 14.5 months). MCC is an uncommon malignant tumor with an annual incidence of around 0.18 to 0.41 cases per 100 000 inhabitants; this is similar to the rate of 0.29 to 0.32 cases per 100 000 inhabitants a year detected in our series. Results with avelumab, a drug recently approved for the treatment of metastatic MCC; have been promising.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma de Células de Merkel , Neoplasias Cutáneas , Anciano , Carcinoma de Células de Merkel/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Ganglios Linfáticos , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutáneas/epidemiología , España
17.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 32(1): 108-112, 2018 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28898467

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The elderly population is increasing and more patients in this group undergo Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS). The few publications investigating MMS in elderly people conclude that it is a safe procedure; however, these are single-centre studies without a comparison group. OBJECTIVE: To compare the characteristics of patients, tumours, MMS and 1-year follow-up in patients younger than 80 years, with patients older than 80 years at the time of surgery. METHODS: Data was analysed from REGESMOHS, a prospective cohort study of patients treated with MMS. The participating centres were 19 Spanish hospitals where at least one MMS is performed per week. Data on characteristics of the patient, tumour and surgery were recorded. Follow-up data were collected from two visits; the first within 1 month postsurgery and the second within the first year. RESULTS: From July 2013 to October 2016, 2575 patients that underwent MMS were included in the registry. Of them, 1942 (75.4%) were aged <80 years and 633 (24.6%) were ≥80 years old. In the elderly, the tumour size was significantly higher with a higher proportion of squamous cell carcinoma. Regarding surgery, elderly more commonly had tumours with deeper invasion and required a higher number of Mohs surgery stages, leaving larger defects and requiring more time in the operating room. Despite this, the incidence of postoperative complications was the same in both groups (7%) and there were no significant differences in proportion of relapses in the first-year follow-up. CONCLUSION: The risk of short-term complications and relapses were similar in elderly and younger groups. MMS is a safe procedure in the elderly.


Asunto(s)
Cirugía de Mohs , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Cutáneas/patología , Neoplasias Cutáneas/cirugía , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Cirugía de Mohs/efectos adversos , Invasividad Neoplásica , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/patología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Estudios Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Carga Tumoral
18.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 108(9): 836-843, nov. 2017. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-168141

RESUMEN

Introducción: El Registro Español de Cirugía de Mohs recoge los datos de aplicación y resultados de esta técnica en España. Se describen los datos de las intervenciones realizadas desde el inicio del Registro en julio de 2013 a enero de 2016. Se analizan los datos de las cirugías tanto perioperatorios como intraoperatorios. Material y métodos: Estudio de cohortes prospectivo en el que participan 18 centros. Se recogen los datos de las intervenciones quirúrgicas como tipo de anestesia, técnica quirúrgica, ingreso hospitalario, número de estadios, manejo de factores de riesgo preoperatorios, tratamientos complementarios, tratamientos previos, tipo de tumor, tiempo empleado en la cirugía y complicaciones. Resultados: Se analizan 1.796 intervenciones quirúrgicas. El tumor intervenido con más frecuencia es el carcinoma basocelular (85,96%), seguido del carcinoma epidermoide (6,18%), lentigo maligno (2,81%) y dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (1,97%). El 66,9% de los tumores eran primarios, el 19,2% recurrentes y el 13,9% persistentes. El tratamiento previo más frecuente fue quirúrgico. La cirugía de Mohs se realizó con más frecuencia bajo anestesia local (86,7%) y de forma ambulatoria (71,8%). En el 89,5% de los casos se utilizó la técnica de Mohs en congelación. El número de etapas requerido para alcanzar márgenes libres de tumor fue una en 56,45% de los pacientes, 2 en 32,1%, 3 en 7,1%, 4 en 2,7% y 5 o más en 1,8%. El propio dermatólogo reconstruyó el defecto en el 98% de los pacientes y la técnica reconstructiva más utilizada fue el colgajo (47,2%). Solo el 1,62% de los pacientes presentó alguna complicación intraoperatoria y la mediana de la duración de la cirugía fue 75 (p25:60-p75:100). Conclusión: Las características de los pacientes y tumores tratados son similares a las descritas en estudios de las mismas características en otras áreas geográficas. Existe un porcentaje mayor de lentigo maligno y dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans. La reconstrucción la realiza el dermatólogo con más frecuencia que en otras series. El tiempo de utilización de quirófano no es mucho mayor que para otras técnicas y la tasa de complicaciones intraoperatorias es muy reducida (AU)


Introduction: The Spanish Mohs Surgery Registry is used to collect data on the use and outcomes of Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) in Spain. The aim of this study was to describe perioperative and intraoperative data recorded for MMS procedures performed between July 2013 (when the registry started) and January 2016. Material and methods: Prospective cohort study of data from 18 hospitals. The data collected included type of anesthesia, surgical technique, hospital admission, number of Mohs stages, management of preoperative risk factors, additional treatments, previous treatments, type of tumor, operating time, and complications. Results: Data were available for 1796 operations. The most common tumor treated by MMS was basal cell carcinoma (85.96%), followed by squamous cell carcinoma (6.18%), lentigo maligna (2.81%), and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (1.97%). Primary tumors accounted for 66.9% of all tumors operated on; 19.2% of tumors were recurrent and 13.9% were persistent. The most common previous treatment was surgical. MMS was mostly performed under local anesthesia (86.7% of cases) and as an outpatient procedure (71.8%). The frozen section technique was used in 89.5% of cases. One stage was needed to achieve tumor-free margins in 56.45% of patients; 2 stages were required in 32.1% of patients, 3 in 7.1%%, 4 in 2.7%, and 5 or more in 1.8%. The defect was reconstructed by the dermatologist in 98% of patients and the most common technique was flap closure (47.2%). Intraoperative complications were recorded for just 1.62% of patients and the median (interquartile range) duration of surgery was 75 (60-100) minutes. Conclusion: The characteristics of the patients and tumors treated by MMS are similar to those reported for similar studies in other geographic areas. Lentigo maligna and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans accounted for a higher proportion of cases in our series, and repair of the surgical defect by a dermatologist was also more common. Operating times in MMS are not much longer than those reported for other procedures and the rate of intraoperative complications is very low (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Cirugía de Mohs/tendencias , Neoplasias Cutáneas/cirugía , Estudios Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros/estadística & datos numéricos , Neoplasias Cutáneas/epidemiología , Carcinoma Basocelular/epidemiología , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiología , Peca Melanótica de Hutchinson/epidemiología , Dermatofibrosarcoma/epidemiología
19.
Actas Dermosifiliogr ; 108(9): 836-843, 2017 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28802488

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The Spanish Mohs Surgery Registry is used to collect data on the use and outcomes of Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) in Spain. The aim of this study was to describe perioperative and intraoperative data recorded for MMS procedures performed between July 2013 (when the registry started) and January 2016. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study of data from 18 hospitals. The data collected included type of anesthesia, surgical technique, hospital admission, number of Mohs stages, management of preoperative risk factors, additional treatments, previous treatments, type of tumor, operating time, and complications. RESULTS: Data were available for 1796 operations. The most common tumor treated by MMS was basal cell carcinoma (85.96%), followed by squamous cell carcinoma (6.18%), lentigo maligna (2.81%), and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (1.97%). Primary tumors accounted for 66.9% of all tumors operated on; 19.2% of tumors were recurrent and 13.9% were persistent. The most common previous treatment was surgical. MMS was mostly performed under local anesthesia (86.7% of cases) and as an outpatient procedure (71.8%). The frozen section technique was used in 89.5% of cases. One stage was needed to achieve tumor-free margins in 56.45% of patients; 2 stages were required in 32.1% of patients, 3 in 7.1%%, 4 in 2.7%, and 5 or more in 1.8%. The defect was reconstructed by the dermatologist in 98% of patients and the most common technique was flap closure (47.2%). Intraoperative complications were recorded for just 1.62% of patients and the median (interquartile range) duration of surgery was 75 (60-100) minutes. CONCLUSION: The characteristics of the patients and tumors treated by MMS are similar to those reported for similar studies in other geographic areas. Lentigo maligna and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans accounted for a higher proportion of cases in our series, and repair of the surgical defect by a dermatologist was also more common. Operating times in MMS are not much longer than those reported for other procedures and the rate of intraoperative complications is very low.


Asunto(s)
Cirugía de Mohs/estadística & datos numéricos , Neoplasias Cutáneas/cirugía , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Anestesia/métodos , Anestesia/estadística & datos numéricos , Terapia Combinada , Femenino , Humanos , Complicaciones Intraoperatorias/epidemiología , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Cirugía de Mohs/métodos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Estudios Prospectivos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Reconstructivos/estadística & datos numéricos , Sistema de Registros , Gestión de Riesgos , Neoplasias Cutáneas/terapia , España , Colgajos Quirúrgicos
20.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 106(7): 562-568, sept. 2015. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-143903

RESUMEN

INTRODUCCIÓN: En julio de 2013 se inició la recogida de datos del registro español de cirugía micrográfica de Mohs, que describe la aplicación y los resultados de esta técnica en España. En este artículo se describen las características del paciente y de los tumores tratados. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se trata de un estudio de cohortes prospectivo en el que participan centros en los que se practica al menos una intervención semanal de cirugía micrográfica de Mohs. En cada centro se incluyen todos los pacientes que son valorados para realizar cirugía de Mohs, excepto los declarados judicialmente incapaces. En este artículo describimos las características de los pacientes y los tumores incluidos en la cohorte. RESULTADOS: El número de pacientes incluidos desde julio de 2013 hasta octubre de 2014 es de 655. La mayoría de los tumores cutáneos intervenidos correspondieron a carcinoma basocelular, siendo el infiltrante el subtipo histológico más frecuente. La mayoría de las cirugías se practicaron en tumores localizados en la cara y el cuero cabelludo, siendo la localización más frecuente la nariz. Casi el 40% de los tumores operados son recurrentes o persistentes, y el tamaño tumoral prequirúrgico es similar en nuestro medio al descrito en otros estudios australianos o europeos. Hasta el 45,5% de los pacientes había recibido algún tratamiento quirúrgico previo. CONCLUSIÓN: Los datos observados son similares a los de otras series publicadas, y son relevantes para poder valorar la aplicabilidad en nuestro contexto de estudios realizados en otros medios


INTRODUCTION: The Spanish registry of Mohs micrographic surgery started collecting data in July 2013. The aim of the registry is to report on the use of this technique in Spain and the outcomes achieved. In the present article, we describe the characteristics of patients and the tumors treated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of patients treated with Mohs micrographic surgery. The participating centers are hospitals where at least one intervention of this type is performed each week. All patients considered for Mohs micrographic surgery in participating centers are included in the registry except those who have been declared legally incompetent. RESULTS: Between July 2013 and October 2014, data from 655 patients were included in the registry. The most common tumor involved was basal cell carcinoma, and the most common histological subtype was infiltrative basal cell carcinoma. Most of the tumors treated were located on the face or scalp, and the most common site was the nose. Almost 40% of the tumors treated were recurrent or persistent, and preoperative tumor size was similar to that reported in other European studies and in Australia. In total, 45.5% of patients had received previous surgical treatment. CONCLUSION: The findings are similar to those reported in other studies, and the data collected are useful for assessing whether the results of studies carried out elsewhere are applicable in Spain


Asunto(s)
Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Cirugía de Mohs/métodos , Cirugía de Mohs/normas , Bases de Datos como Asunto/clasificación , Carcinoma Basocelular/genética , Carcinoma Basocelular/patología , Neoplasias Nasales/patología , Peca Melanótica de Hutchinson/diagnóstico , Peca Melanótica de Hutchinson/patología , Cirugía de Mohs/enfermería , Cirugía de Mohs , Bases de Datos como Asunto , Carcinoma Basocelular/complicaciones , Carcinoma Basocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Nasales/diagnóstico , Peca Melanótica de Hutchinson/complicaciones , Peca Melanótica de Hutchinson/metabolismo , Estudios Prospectivos
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...