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1.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 40(5): 283-290, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436691

RESUMEN

AIM: This exploratory, qualitative study was conducted to compare nursing tasks/roles in Ecuador, Finland, Ghana, Navajo Nation, Russia, Taiwan, and Tonga. BACKGROUND: The definition of nurse varies internationally, with little description of the specific tasks nurses perform. To better know the profession, nurses must understand what their counterparts do in different parts of the world. METHOD: Students and faculty traveled to seven nations to conduct an observational study. Students observed nurses (n = 71) over a period of three weeks using a checklist of basic tasks/skills, advanced skills, critical thinking, communication, public health, and professionalism. RESULTS: Similarities in nursing tasks/roles were found, with a few stark differences between countries. Autonomy of practice and communication styles varied; all nurses were found to be effective patient advocates. CONCLUSION: Sufficient nursing personnel, resources, patient load, and technology affect nursing tasks/roles.


Asunto(s)
Comparación Transcultural , Rol de la Enfermera , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Ecuador , Finlandia , Ghana , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa , Federación de Rusia , Taiwán , Tonga , Estados Unidos
2.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 40(5): 300-302, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436694

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to explore nursing students' perceptions of global health experiences from an international partnership. Nursing organizations have identified global health care as core knowledge. To address global health care competencies and culture awareness, activities were designed by nursing faculty in Finland and the United States. A mixed-method questionnaire was given to 111 students. Data suggest contact with international nursing peers and learning activities increased understanding of health issues in another culture and increased student self-confidence and communication. Developing a partnership between nursing schools can result in positive global health learning experiences for students.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Enfermería/organización & administración , Intercambio Educacional Internacional , Satisfacción Personal , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Finlandia , Humanos , Investigación en Educación de Enfermería , Investigación en Evaluación de Enfermería , Estados Unidos
3.
J Am Psychiatr Nurses Assoc ; : 1078390319831763, 2019 Mar 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30866701

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Adults who suffer with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) rarely access medical care to receive preventive vaccines. AIMS: To increase the rate of vaccines among the SPMI population in an outpatient community mental health center (CMHC). METHODS: A review of the literature identified a gap between the general population and SPMI clients in receiving preventive vaccinations. An initial mixed-method convenience survey of SPMI clients ( n = 392) provided information on current vaccination status, demographics, beliefs, and interest in receiving vaccines. A vaccination program was developed to address identified barriers and increase vaccination rates. Postintervention data were collected through a mixed-method convenience survey of SPMI clients ( n = 60) who participated in immunizations clinics to evaluate client satisfaction. A partnership between the health department and CMHC was developed to deliver vaccines in a nontraditional site. Vaccines administered included annual influenza; hepatitis A; hepatitis B; herpes zoster; measles, mumps, and rubella; pneumococcal; and tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap). RESULTS: More than 1,000 vaccines were administered in the first 8 months, with a significant increase in vaccination rates over baseline for individual vaccines ranging from 18.75% to 83%. Postintervention survey results found a 95% satisfaction rate. CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of a vaccination program in a nontraditional site that facilitates access for SPMI clients can promote an overwhelming increase in the vaccination rates for this underserved population. Results suggest that the integration of mental health and CMHC services can have a profound positive effect on SPMI population health.

4.
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv ; 52(10): 34-41, 2014 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25207556

RESUMEN

The literature on techniques for improving student competency in therapeutic communication and interpersonal skills is limited. A simulation approach to enhance the learning of communication skills was developed to address these issues. Second-semester and senior nursing students participated in videorecorded standardized patient simulations, with senior students portraying the patient. Following simulated interactions, senior students provided feedback to junior students on their use of communication skills and other therapeutic factors. To integrate the learning experience, junior students completed a written assignment, in which they identified effective and noneffective communication; personal strengths and weaknesses; and use of genuineness, empathy, and positive regard. A videorecording of each student interaction gave faculty the opportunity to provide formative feedback to students. Student evaluations have been positive. Themes identified in student evaluations include the impact of seeing oneself, significance of practicing, getting below the surface in communication, and moving from insight to goal setting.


Asunto(s)
Comunicación , Curriculum , Bachillerato en Enfermería/organización & administración , Mentores , Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente , Simulación de Paciente , Enseñanza/métodos , Adulto , Competencia Clínica , Educación Continua en Enfermería , Empatía , Femenino , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Grupo Paritario , Desempeño de Papel , Estudiantes de Enfermería
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