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1.
Int J Psychol ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745980

RESUMEN

Research on scientific integrity is growing in psychology, and questionable research practices (QRPs) have received more attention due to its harmful effect on science. By replicating the procedures of previous research, the present study aimed at describing the use of QRPs among Brazilian psychological researchers and to make an international comparison with previous studies in other countries-the US and Italy. Two hundred and thirty-two Brazilian researchers in the field of psychology answered questions related to 10 different QRPs. Brazilian researchers indicated a lower tendency to engage in two QRPs (failing to report all of a study's dependent measures; deciding whether to collect more data after looking to see whether the results were significant) when compared to their Italian and North American counterparts, but indicated a higher tendency to engage in two other QRPs (selectively reporting studies that "worked"; not reporting all of a study's conditions). Most of the sample did not admit integrity conflicts in their own research but indicated that others have integrity problems, as observed in previous studies. Those discrepancies could be attributed to contextual and systemic factors regarding different publication demands among the different nations. Further studies should focus on identifying the antecedents of QRPs.

2.
An. psicol ; 29(2): 565-572, mayo-ago. 2013. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-112622

RESUMEN

Este estudio tiene como objetivo el evaluar en una muestra de participantes españoles y brasileños los estereotipos existentes sobre los delincuentes y los defensores de los derechos humanos, así como en qué medida éstos se ven influidos por el tipo de crimen y las teorías implícitas adoptadas para explicar una conducta delictiva. Aunque los resultados obtenidos indican diferencias en la atribución de estereotipos a delincuentes y defensores de los derechos humanos, no fue posible identificar ningún efecto del tipo de crimen o de las teorías implícitas. Aunque se puede demostrar una cierta homogeneidad en los estereotipos de los delincuentes, en el caso de los defensores de los derechos humanos la representación estereotípica obtenida es más compleja y contradictoria (AU)


The present study aimed to evaluate, between Brazilian and Spanish participants, the stereotypes of criminals and human rights defenders, and the extent to which this assessment is affected by the type of crime and the implicit theories adopted to explain criminal behavior. Even though the results indicated differences in the attribution of stereotypes to criminals and human rights defenders, it was not possible to identify any effect on the expression of stereotypes from the type of crime or the implicit theories. Although a certain homogeneity in the stereotypes of criminals can be demonstrated, in the case of human rights defenders the stereo-typical representation is more complex and contradictory (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Estereotipo , Derechos Humanos/psicología , Criminales/psicología , Teoría Psicológica , Fenotipo
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