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1.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(12): 1767-1771, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355833

RESUMEN

Alveolar bone loss subsequent to long-term edentulism and trauma may be severe and treatment plan is always an esthetic and functional challenge. Implant supported hybrid prosthesis is widely regarded as an effective treatment option for patients with excessive and irregular bone loss. However, implant placement is occasionally impossible without surgical procedures in such cases. This case report presents rehabilitation of 19-year-old maxillary anterior edentulous male patient with maxillary anterior bone defect and excessive cross-bite anterior closure with multidisciplinary approach. The patient was rehabilitated with implant supported hybrid prosthesis with Malo Bridge design following autogeneous iliac bone augmentation, teeth leveling with orthodontic treatment, and surgical placement of three implants. Esthetics, pleasing phonetics and function were achieved as desired with this treatment option and no complications were observed.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Arcada Edéntula , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Reconstructivos , Adulto , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/cirugía , Trasplante Óseo , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Humanos , Arcada Edéntula/cirugía , Masculino , Maxilar/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
2.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 20(5): 545-551, 2017 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28513512

RESUMEN

AIM: To evaluate the effects of laser etching on the shear bond strengths (SBS) and failure modes of brackets bonded to fluorosed enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This in vitro study included 34 fluorosed and 34 nonfluorosed teeth. Teeth were divided into four subgroups according to the etching procedure: Group (A) normal enamel etched with 37% phosphoric acid for 15 s, Group (B) nonfluorosed enamel etched with erbium:yttrium aluminum garnet (Er: YAG) laser for 15 s, Group (C) fluorosed enamel etched with 37% phosphoric acid for 30 s, Group (D) fluorosed enamel etched with Er: YAG laser for 30 s. After bonding of the premolar metal brackets, specimens were subjected to the thermal cycles. After SBS test, modified adhesive remnant index (ARI) by using stereomicroscope and failure modes with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) was determined. After bonding, one specimen from each group was examined under SEM to identify enamel-resin interfaces. ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc tests were used to compare the SBS values. The Kruskal-Wallis and Chi-square tests were used to analyze the distribution of ARI scores and failure modes of groups. RESULTS: The highest mean SBS value (17.56 ± 1.05 MPa) was found in Group A, while the lowest (12.25 ± 0.96 MPa) in Group D. Significant differences were found in the SBS test and failure modes among all groups. The differences between ARI scores of the groups were not significant. CONCLUSION: According to our findings, laser etching reduced the SBS of brackets bonded to fluorosed teeth, but provided clinically acceptable SBS values.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental , Esmalte Dental , Fluorosis Dental/fisiopatología , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos , Esmalte Dental/fisiología , Esmalte Dental/efectos de la radiación , Humanos , Ácidos Fosfóricos/farmacología , Resistencia al Corte/efectos de los fármacos , Resistencia al Corte/fisiología , Resistencia al Corte/efectos de la radiación
3.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 44(3): 404-11, 2015 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25457823

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of local administration of human amniotic fluid (HAF) on newly formed bone obtained by mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) with histomorphometry. A unilateral mandibular osteotomy at the left corpus was performed in 32 adult male rabbits. After a 5-day latency period, the left mandibles were lengthened by mandibular DO over 5 days, at a rate of 1mm/day, via a custom-made distractor. After the distraction, the rabbits were divided randomly into four groups: 0.3 ml HAF was injected into the distraction gap followed by 21 (group 1) or 45 (group 2) days of consolidation; or 0.3 ml normal saline (NS) was administered followed by 21 (group 3) or 45 (group 4) days of consolidation. Mandibles were removed at the end of the consolidation period and investigated histomorphometrically. The newly formed bone area (NFBA) and number of fibroblasts increased significantly in the HAF groups compared to the NS groups (NFBA: group 1 vs. group 3, P<0.05; group 2 vs. group 4, P<0.01; fibroblasts: group 1 vs. group 3, and group 2 vs. group 4, P<0.05), and also in both 45-day consolidation groups compared to the 21-day consolidation groups (NFBA: group 1 vs. group 2, and group 3 vs. group 4, P<0.001; fibroblasts: group 1 vs. group 2, and group 3 vs. group 4, P<0.01). Additionally, the numbers of osteoblasts and capillaries were increased significantly at 45 days of consolidation compared to 21 days in both the HAF and NS groups (osteoblasts: group 1 vs. group 2, P<0.01; group 3 vs. group 4, P<0.05; capillaries: group 1 vs. group 2, and group 3 vs. group 4, P<0.01). Histomorphometric analysis demonstrated that local HAF administration effectively accelerated bone formation. Thus, a HAF injection procedure could improve new bone formation around the bone in maxillofacial operations such as DO.


Asunto(s)
Líquido Amniótico/fisiología , Regeneración Ósea/efectos de los fármacos , Osteotomía Mandibular , Osteogénesis por Distracción , Animales , Humanos , Masculino , Conejos , Distribución Aleatoria
4.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; 39(2): 100-6, 2010 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20100922

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the reliability of three-dimensional (3D) cephalometric approaches by comparing this method with authenticated traditional two-dimensional (2D) cephalometry in angular cephalometric measurements. METHODS: CT images and lateral cephalometric radiographs of ten patients (five women, five men) were used in this study. Raw CT data of the patients were converted to 3D images with a 3D simulation program (Mimics 9.0, Leuven, Belgium). Lateral cephalometric radiographs were used manually for 2D measurements. The comparisons of the two methods were made using 14 cephalometric angular measurements. The Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-ranks test (alpha = 0.05) was used to determine the difference between the two methods. To assess the intra- and interobserver reproducibility, two sets of recordings made by each observer, in each modality were used. Dahlberg's formula was used to determine the intraobserver reproducibility, and the Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank test (alpha = 0.05) was used to assess the interobserver reproducibility. RESULTS: The method errors of both observers ranged from 0.35 degrees to 0.65 degrees. In addition, there were no significant differences between the measurements of the two observers (P > 0.05). However, comparison of 2D and 3D parameters showed significant differences in U1-NA and U1-SN measurements (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The 3D angular cephalometric analysis is a fairly reliable method, like the traditional 2D cephalometric analysis. Currently, the 3D system is likely to be more suitable for the diagnosis of cases with complex orthodontic anomalies. However, with the decrease in radiation exposure and costs in the future, 3D cephalometrics can be a suitable alternative method to 2D cephalometry.


Asunto(s)
Cefalometría/métodos , Radiografía Dental/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Imagenología Tridimensional , Masculino , Maloclusión/diagnóstico por imagen , Variaciones Dependientes del Observador , Dosis de Radiación , Estadísticas no Paramétricas , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Adulto Joven
5.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 8(1): 68-74, 2010 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20096085

RESUMEN

Dyskeratosis congenita (DKC) is an inherited disorder that usually presents in males, consisting of the triad of leukoplakia of the mucous membranes, nails dystrophy and skin pigmentation. Oral and dental abnormalities may also be present. Most cases are X-linked autosomal dominant, but recessive forms have also been reported. This study describes herein a case in which the classic triad of signs was present, along with the development of leukoplakia in the buccal mucosa. Our patient, a 25-year-old man, presented with several characteristic systemic features of this condition, together with the following oral features: hypodontia, delayed dental eruption, short blunt roots, extensive caries, gingival inflammation and bleeding, loss of alveolar bone and buccal mucosa with leukoplakia and irregular ulcers. The patient was given full preventive care. The primary teeth were extracted under local anaesthesia. After establishing optimal oral health, oral hygiene instructions were given to the patient and he was rehabilitated with fixed and removable partial denture. Prosthetic treatments were carried out after establishing optimal oral health. This treatment option appears beneficial in this patient, resulting in rehabilitation of occlusion and less mechanical irritation to the oral mucosa.


Asunto(s)
Disqueratosis Congénita/diagnóstico , Leucoplasia Bucal/diagnóstico , Adulto , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/diagnóstico , Anodoncia/diagnóstico , Caries Dental/diagnóstico , Gingivitis/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Rehabilitación Bucal , Úlceras Bucales/diagnóstico , Erupción Dental/fisiología , Raíz del Diente/anomalías
6.
Oral Dis ; 16(1): 83-8, 2010 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19735454

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) contents of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) and the clinical parameters of the teeth supporting fixed partial denture (FPD) and the contralateral teeth and to assess the effect of scaling and root planning (SRP) on clinical parameters and the GCF levels of cytokines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population included 23 patients. Probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), plaque index (PI), and gingival index (GI) were recorded, and GCF samples were collected for analysis of cytokine levels from the teeth with FPD (Test Group), the contralateral teeth (Control Group) of each participant at baseline. After initial measurements, all participants received primary phase of non-surgical treatment including oral hygiene instruction and scaling and root planning (SRP). At the 1st month and the 3rd month after SRP, these procedures were repeated. RESULTS: In both groups, all clinical parameters and the total amount of IL-8 showed decreases from initial to the 3rd month (P < 0.05), but from the 1st month to the 3rd month; PD, PI, and GI values significantly increased in the test group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The non-surgical periodontal treatment reduced the total amount of IL-8, not IL-6, and the clinical parameters of the teeth with FPD and contralateral teeth. But, there was a trend to the higher levels of PD, PI, and GI in the teeth with FPD. Therefore, a regular program for dental prophylaxis is also important for the maintenance of periodontal health in patients with FPD.


Asunto(s)
Pilares Dentales , Dentadura Parcial Fija , Líquido del Surco Gingival/inmunología , Gingivitis/inmunología , Interleucina-6/inmunología , Interleucina-8/inmunología , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Periodontitis Crónica/inmunología , Periodontitis Crónica/terapia , Placa Dental/inmunología , Placa Dental/terapia , Raspado Dental , Dentadura Parcial Fija/efectos adversos , Femenino , Gingivitis/terapia , Humanos , Interleucina-6/análisis , Interleucina-8/análisis , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estadísticas no Paramétricas
7.
Community Dent Health ; 25(3): 173-7, 2008 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18839725

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of breath malodour and to assess the relationships between breath malodour parameters such as dental caries, habitual mouth breathing, tooth-brushing, and the frequency of upper respiratory-tract infection. METHODS: A total of 628 healthy children (327 boys, 301 girls) ranging in age from 7 to 11 who were living in Kirikkale, Middle Anatolia, Turkey were included. Subjects who were taking antibiotics, having any suspicion of upper respiratory tract infection, sinusitis or tonsillitis at the time of survey were excluded from the study. Oral malodour assessment was carried out by organoleptic method. The DMFT/S was used to record caries. Pearson's correlation coefficients were calculated to determine the association of each clinical variable to organoleptic oral malodour rating. Bivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to detect the degree of association between oral malodour and various dental-habitual parameters. RESULTS: The prevalence of halitosis was 14.5%. Organoleptic oral malodour ratings were significantly higher in older age groups. Gender, frequency of tooth brushing, habitual mouth breathing did not influence oral malodour ratings. D(T), DMF(T), d(s) played the most significant role in higher oral malodour ratings, followed by d(t) and df(s). The frequency of tooth brushing, habitual mouth breathing did not contribute to the prevalence of halitosis. CONCLUSION: Age, prevalence and severity of dental caries were significantly related to breath malodour.


Asunto(s)
Halitosis/epidemiología , Factores de Edad , Niño , Índice CPO , Caries Dental/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Respiración por la Boca/epidemiología , Prevalencia , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio/epidemiología , Factores Sexuales , Olfato/fisiología , Clase Social , Diente Primario/patología , Cepillado Dental/estadística & datos numéricos , Turquia/epidemiología , Salud Urbana/estadística & datos numéricos
8.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 33(6): 564-8, 2004 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15308256

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to determine the severity of taste changes after surgical removal of all four third molars in one session. Taste function in 27 patients was measured before and at 1 month and 6 months after surgery. In every patient all four third molars were removed using local anesthesia and sedation with midazolam and fentanyl. For testing gustatory function, two tests were administered: a whole-mouth, above threshold test and a spatial (localized) taste test. For this purpose, sucrose, NaCl, citric acid and quinine hydrochloride solutions were used. Taste intensity of quinine hydrochloride of the palate was significantly reduced 1 month after surgery (P < 0.05) but recovered and reach to preoperative values 6 months after surgery. The results showed that there were no significant changes in gustatory function after third molar surgery.


Asunto(s)
Tercer Molar/cirugía , Gusto/fisiología , Extracción Dental/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Trastornos del Gusto/diagnóstico , Trastornos del Gusto/etiología , Umbral Gustativo , Extracción Dental/efectos adversos
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