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J Interprof Care ; 33(3): 298-307, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30777493


The need for interprofessional education (IPE) in health science disciplines is a current global trend. However, despite international support and demand, IPE is still new to many health professions curricula in South Africa. Furthermore, while ample existing academic literature addresses commonly encountered barriers to IPE, there is still a need to investigate the dynamics and challenges associated with the process of implementing IPE at universities. IPE is not yet part of the formal curriculum at a faculty of health sciences at a South African Higher Education Institute, so a pilot project was conducted to investigate the experiences of an IPE process by students from different health professions toward informing the planning and implementation of IPE in the formal curriculum. To this effect, a multi-layered IPE project was piloted across pharmacy, nursing, social work, psychology, dietetics, and human movement sciences within this Faculty of Health Sciences. The aim of this research was to determine the dynamics between the different health professions by exploring and describing the students' experiences of the IPE process. Theoretical case studies were presented to third-year students, who were grouped into interprofessional teams from the six different health professions at the Higher Education Institute's health sciences faculty. Data were gathered from reflective journals over a five-week period and a questionnaire was administered at the end of the project. Data were analysed and evaluated based on the interprofessional learning domains listed in the IPE framework of the World Health Organization. All participating health professions students felt positive about the project and agreed that it provided them with valuable IPE experiences. However, their long-term participation and commitment presented difficulty in an already demanding curriculum. The interprofessional dynamics were influenced by the relevance of the scenarios presented in the case studies to the different professions, the students' personalities and their previous experiences. Although the nursing students took initial leadership, contributions from the other professions became more prominent as the case studies unfolded. The findings indicated that the inclusion of different health professions in an interprofessional team should be guided by the specific scenarios incorporated to simulate interprofessional cooperation. The availability of the students and their scope of practice at third-year level should also be taken into account.

Empleos en Salud/educación , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Curriculum , Proyectos Piloto , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
Value Health Reg Issues ; 16: 99-105, 2018 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30227362


OBJECTIVES: To describe antirheumatic medicine prescribing patterns and to estimate the total annual direct medicine cost of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the private health sector of South Africa. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional drug utilization study was performed on medicine claims data from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2014, for a total of 4,352 patients with RA. Patients were divided into those with RA only and those with RA and other chronic disease list conditions. Antirheumatic treatment was categorized into bridge therapy (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs] and corticosteroids only) and therapy for advanced disease (NSAIDs, corticosteroids, and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs [DMARDs] or biologics). Cost-driving products, the 90% drug utilization (DU90%) segment, mean, and median medicine item costs were calculated. RESULTS: Annual direct RA medicine cost summed to €4,115,569.70. The mean ± SD (median) cost per medicine item was €45.87 ± €250.35 (€9.01). DMARDs represented 47.6% (n = 42,699) and biologics 2.4% (n = 2,150) of the 89,728 medicine items claimed. The DU90% of bridge therapy products accounted for 92.8% of the total medicine cost, with celecoxib as the main cost driver because of high volume and mean cost. The therapy for advanced disease DU90% segment accounted for 34.7% of the total medicine cost, with adalimumab as the main cost driver because of high mean cost. CONCLUSIONS: The direct medicine treatment cost of RA in the South African private health sector is driven by the high volume of DMARDs and the high mean costs of biologics, particularly adalimumab.

Antirreumáticos/uso terapéutico , Artritis Reumatoide/tratamiento farmacológico , Costos de los Medicamentos/estadística & datos numéricos , Pautas de la Práctica en Medicina , Sector Privado , Adalimumab/uso terapéutico , Antiinflamatorios no Esteroideos/economía , Antirreumáticos/economía , Artritis Reumatoide/economía , Productos Biológicos/uso terapéutico , Estudios Transversales , Utilización de Medicamentos , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Sudáfrica
Rheumatol Int ; 38(5): 837-844, 2018 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29234875


INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the burden of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in South Africa. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of RA and coexisting chronic disease list (CDL) conditions in the private health sector of South Africa. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional analysis was performed on medicine claims data from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2014 to establish the prevalence of RA. The cohort of RA patients was then divided into those with and those without CDL conditions, to determine the number and type of CDL conditions per patient, stratified by age group and gender. RESULTS: A total 4352 (0.5%) patients had RA, of whom 69.3% (3016) presented with CDL conditions. Patients had a median age of 61.31 years (3.38; 98.51), and 74.8% were female. Patients with CDL conditions were older than those patients without (p < 0.001; Cohen's d = 0.674). Gender had no influence on the presence of CDL conditions (p = 0.456). Men had relatively higher odds for hyperlipidemia (OR 1.83; CI 1.33-2.51; p < 0.001) and lower odds for asthma (OR 0.83; CI 0.48-1.42; p = 0.490) than women. In combination with hyperlipidemia, the odds for asthma were reversed and strongly increased (OR 6.74; CI 2.07-21.93; p = 0.002). The odds for men having concomitant hyperlipidemia, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypothyroidism were insignificant and low (OR 0.40; CI 0.16-1.02; p = 0.055); however, in the absence of hypothyroidism, the odds increased to 3.26 (CI 2.25-4.71; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Hypothyroidism was an important discriminating factor for comorbidity in men with RA. This study may contribute to the body of evidence about the burden of RA and coexisting chronic conditions in South Africa.

Artritis Reumatoide/epidemiología , Hipotiroidismo/epidemiología , Sector Privado , Distribución por Edad , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Artritis Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Distribución de Chi-Cuadrado , Enfermedad Crónica , Comorbilidad , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Hipotiroidismo/diagnóstico , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Oportunidad Relativa , Prevalencia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Distribución por Sexo , Factores Sexuales , Sudáfrica/epidemiología