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1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(2): 1013-1023, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286260

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To assess dimensional changes following alveolar ridge preservation using bovine-derived xenograft with 10% collagen and collagen membrane compared to ridge preservation by means of bovine-derived xenograft particles and collagen membrane or spontaneous healing in posterior sites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty subjects with 40 posterior teeth or roots candidate to extraction and presenting integrity of alveolar bone walls were randomly allocated into three groups. Patients of test group were treated by ridge preservation technique using bovine-derived xenograft with 10% collagen and collagen membrane; patients of control group 1 were treated by means of bovine-derived xenograft particles and collagen membrane while in patients of control group 2, no grafting was performed. Changes in vertical and horizontal bone dimensions were compared at baseline and after 6-month observation time. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences between baseline and 6 month were observed in all groups in terms of vertical and horizontal bone resorption (p < 0.001), except for vertical resorption in control group 2. After 6-month intergroup comparisons showed not statistically significant changes between test and control groups in terms of alveolar bone changes (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Within the limits of this study, the sites grafted using bovine-derived xenograft with 10% collagen in combination with a collagen membrane showed no statistical differences in terms of vertical and horizontal bone resorption compared to control groups. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Ridge preservation in posterior area failed to show clinically relevant benefits in sites presenting integrity of alveolar bone walls and adequate buccal bone wall thickness.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Proceso Alveolar , Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Animales , Bovinos , Colágeno , Xenoinjertos , Humanos , Extracción Dental , Alveolo Dental
2.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226192

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to assess the healing of periodontal intrabony defects treated using enamel matrix derivative (EMD) after at least 5 years of follow-up. Six patients with seven intrabony defects were included in the study. Treatment with EMD yielded a mean clinical attachment level gain of 4.3 ± 2.4 mm, a mean probing depth reduction of 4.7 ± 2.1 mm, and a mean gingival recession increase of 0.7 ± 1.8 mm. Reentry measurements showed a complete resolution of the intrabony defect in five cases, while in two cases a residual intrabony component was recorded. The present study indicates that treatment using EMD provided good clinical outcomes maintained in most cases over a period of at least 5 years.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Proteínas del Esmalte Dental , Recesión Gingival , Estudios de Seguimiento , Regeneración Tisular Guiada Periodontal , Humanos , Pérdida de la Inserción Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal , Resultado del Tratamiento
3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 2908484, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30140692

RESUMEN

Novel one-piece implants with concave smooth neck have been introduced to promote the formation of a thick mucosal layer and preserve marginal bone. A retrospective study on 70 patients with 1- to 6-year follow-up was carried out. Cumulative survival rates were assessed. Variations of marginal bone level were measured on periapical radiographs as distance of the implant-abutment junction from the bone crest. Influence of different variables on treatment outcome was evaluated. Cumulative success rate after 6 years was 99.4 % at implant level and 98.6 % at patient level. Marginal bone level changed in a significant way over time. After 4 months, an increase of radiographic bone level of 0.173 ± 1.088 mm at implant level and 0.18 ± 1.019 mm at patient level was recorded. Mean marginal bone loss after 5 years was 0.573 ± 0.966 mm at implant level and 0.783 ± 1.213 mm at patient level. Age, sex, smoking habits, implant sites, implant lengths and diameters, prosthetic retentions, and timing of loading did not influence marginal bone remodeling in a statistically significant way. At 4-year follow-up partial restorations lost a mean of 0.96 mm of more marginal bone compared with single restorations. This difference was statistically significant.


Asunto(s)
Implantación Dental Endoósea , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Adulto , Anciano , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Implantes Dentales de Diente Único , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
4.
Int J Dermatol ; 55(9): e473-81, 2016 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26992292

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Lichen planus of the lips (LPL) is not frequently described in the literature. The objective of this study is to investigate the clinical outline, behavior, and prognosis of LPL. METHODS: Clinical data of patients with true oral lichen planus (LP) involving the lips, diagnosed and treated at our Oral Medicine Unit (University Federico II of Naples, Italy), have been collected and analyzed. Concurrently, a PubMed search was carried out from 1950 to March 2014 to assess epidemiological and clinical data about LPL. RESULTS: Our case series revealed 13 patients (female/male ratio 0.4) with a mean (± SD) age of 71.85 years (± 6.72). The lower/upper lip involvement ratio was 9, mainly with mixed clinical patterns (76.9%), generally including erosion and mild keratosis. In most cases, the lips were involved with other oral sites but displayed a better evolution of the lesions. The literature review showed 21 reports of LPL (35 patients, female/male ratio 0.4) with a mean (± SD) age of 45.35 years (± 16.19). CONCLUSIONS: In the literature, erosive (28.57%) lower lip lesions showed a clear predominance (lower/upper lip ratio 6.5). One case of malignant transformation was also reported. The prevalence of isolated LPL was clearly reported only in two studies, ranging from 0.51% to 8.9%. In our patients, lesions were mostly found at the inner border of the lower vermillion and presented a tendency for self-limitation, or to regression after treatment, like cutaneous lesions. The lip lesions were small and easy to overlook, and therefore the prevalence of these lesions may have been underestimated.


Asunto(s)
Liquen Plano Oral/complicaciones , Liquen Plano Oral/epidemiología , Enfermedades de los Labios/epidemiología , Enfermedades de los Labios/etiología , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Estudios Retrospectivos
6.
J Med Case Rep ; 8: 198, 2014 Jun 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24939446

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Localized amyloidosis in the head and neck is a rare and generally benign condition. In the oral cavity, amyloidosis usually involves the tongue or buccal mucosa. We present the second case of oral amyloidosis arising in the gingiva ever reported, to the best of our knowledge. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old White Spanish man presented a persistent nodular mass involving his upper gingiva. The lesion was surgically resected and the histological examination revealed a subepithelial, multinodular amorphous and fibrillar accumulation. Staining of the specimen for Congo red proved positive, exhibiting a reddish colour under light microscopy and apple-green birefringence under polarized light. With immunohistochemical tests, pentagonal amyloid component was demonstrated. An extensive study excluded any systemic involvement; a diagnosis of localized primary amyloidosis was made. After 2 years of follow-up, no clinical progression to systemic amyloidosis or local recurrence was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Localized amyloidosis of the gingiva is an extremely rare condition that seems to show no clinically distinct feature. Histologic examination is the first step towards diagnosis, followed by immunohistochemical tests. The diagnosis of localized amyloidosis should always be integrated with blood tests, a bone marrow biopsy, echocardiography and digestive endoscopy to intercept systemic involvement.


Asunto(s)
Amiloidosis/diagnóstico , Enfermedades de las Encías/diagnóstico , Anciano , Amiloidosis/patología , Amiloidosis/cirugía , Encía/patología , Encía/cirugía , Enfermedades de las Encías/patología , Enfermedades de las Encías/cirugía , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/patología , Mandíbula/cirugía
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