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1.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 34, 2024 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38217728

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To identify any self-reported differences or attitudes towards certification, publication, or practice patterns between adult urology and paediatric general surgery-trained paediatric urology providers. There are no known published differences in clinical/operative/research outcomes in either group. METHODS: An 18-item cross-sectional survey was compiled through the EAU Young Academic Urologists (YAU) office and disseminated to a trans-Atlantic convenience sample of current practising paediatric urologists. This was created using a mini-Delphi method to provide current semi-quantitative data relating to current opinions and attitudes of this cohort. RESULTS: A total of 228 respondents completed the survey, with female respondents representing 37% and 34% for urology and paediatric general surgery, respectively. Nearly 90% overall respondents felt that a full 2-year paediatric fellowship program was very important and 94% endorsed a collaborative dedicated paediatric urology on call service, with 92% supporting the joint development of transitional care. Urology managed higher numbers of bedwetting (p = 0.04), bladder bowel dysfunction (p = 0.02), endourological procedures (p = 0.04), and robotics (p = 0.04). Paediatric general surgery managed higher numbers of laparoscopic reconstruction (p = 0.03), and posterior urethral valve ablation (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: This study represents the first time that a cross-sectional cohort of paediatric urologists from different training backgrounds were compared to assess their productivity, practice patterns and attitudes. Paediatric urology is in a unique position to have two contributing specialities, with the ability to provide optimal transitional and lifelong care. We believe that there should be a strong emphasis on collaboration and to remove any historically-created barriers under policies of equity, diversity and inclusivity.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Urológicas , Urología , Adulto , Humanos , Niño , Femenino , Urología/educación , Estudios Transversales , Urólogos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
J Urol ; 210(6): 899-907, 2023 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37747130

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Bladder and bowel dysfunction is a common but underdiagnosed pediatric entity which may represent up to 47% of pediatric urology consults. The objectives of this observational study were to determine functional 1-year outcomes following standard treatment of bladder and bowel dysfunction in both control and neuropsychiatric developmental disorder groups using validated questionnaires, and to perform an initial cost analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study conducted across a number of academic European centers (July 2020-November 2022) for new bladder and bowel dysfunction patients. Parents completed a sociodemographic survey, information pertaining to prior neuropsychiatric developmental disorder diagnoses, as well as a number of validated functional scores. RESULTS: A total of 240 patients were recruited. In the control bladder and bowel dysfunction group, the baseline Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System and Childhood Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction Questionnaire scores were 20% and 17.% lower, respectively, after 1 year compared to the neuropsychiatric developmental disorder group. The change in improvement was diminished for the neuropsychiatric developmental disorder cohort in both Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System and Childhood Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction Questionnaire scores. The odds ratio of full symptom resolution was 5.7 in the control cohort compared to the neuropsychiatric developmental disorder cohort. A cost analysis on prescribed medications at referral led to a total cost of €32,603.76 (US $35,381.00) in the control group and €37,625.36 (US $40,830.00) in the neuropsychiatric developmental disorder group. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that pediatric patients with a neuropsychiatric developmental disorder exhibit more severe bladder and bowel dysfunction at baseline and throughout treatment with a lower overall quality of life, as well as 15.4% higher medication costs at referral. It is also important that parents' and caregivers' expectations are managed regarding higher levels of treatment resistance for functional bladder and bowel issues.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Intestinales , Enfermedades de la Vejiga Urinaria , Niño , Humanos , Estreñimiento , Discapacidades del Desarrollo/complicaciones , Estudios Prospectivos , Calidad de Vida , Vejiga Urinaria , Enfermedades de la Vejiga Urinaria/complicaciones , Enfermedades de la Vejiga Urinaria/terapia , Enfermedades de la Vejiga Urinaria/diagnóstico
3.
J Pediatr Urol ; 19(4): 430.e1-430.e8, 2023 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37173199

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Complex urological anomalies often require continued care as patients reach adulthood. Adequate transition for adolescents with ongoing urological care needs is critical to allow for seamless care in adult hospitals. Studies have shown that this can lead to improved patient and parental satisfaction, and lower utilisation of unplanned inpatient beds and emergency department visits. There is currently no ESPU-EAU consensus on the adequate mechanism and very few individual papers examining the role of urological transition for these patients in a European setting. This study aimed to identify current practice patterns in paediatric urologists providing adolescent/transitional care, to assess their opinions towards formal transition and to look for variations in care. This has implications for long-term patient health and specialist care. METHODS: An 18-item cross-sectional survey was compiled and pre-approved through the EAU-EWPU and ESPU board offices prior to dissemination to all registered ordinary members affiliated with the ESPU. This was created using a mini-Delphi method through the EWPU research meetings to provide current semi-quantitative data relating to current opinions and attitudes of this cohort. RESULTS: A total of 172 respondents (55% paediatric general surgery; 45% urology) across 28 countries completed the survey. The majority of respondents were in practice >10 years and spent >80% time in paediatric urology. There was no formal transition process according to 50% respondents and over half of those that did have less than 1/month, with <10% using validated questionnaires. More than two-thirds respondents continued to provide care after transition, as >70% units had no designated corresponding adult service. Furthermore, 93% paediatric believe a formal transition service to be very important, using a multidisciplinary framework. A pareto chart demonstrated 10 specific conditions to be of most interest in transition to adulthood. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to assess the requirements of paediatric urologists for adequate transitional care, however due to the nature of the survey's distribution, this was a non-scientific poll based on a convenience sample of respondents. It is critical that dual-trained or adult-trained urologists with a specific interest in paediatric urology work with current paediatric urologists in a multidisciplinary fashion to facilitate early transition based on the adolescent's developmental and biopsychosocial requirements. National urological and paediatric surgical societies need to make transitional urology a priority. The ESPU and EAU should collaboratively consider developing transitional urology guidelines to allow a framework by which this can occur.


Asunto(s)
Cuidado de Transición , Urología , Adulto , Humanos , Niño , Adolescente , Urólogos , Estudios Transversales , Urología/métodos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
4.
J Pediatr Urol ; 19(4): 433.e1-433.e8, 2023 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37029012

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Lean methodologies have been used successfully in both industry and healthcare to reduce waste. The operating room (OR) and central supplies department (CSD) are areas associated with high hospital costs. The aim of this study was to employ Lean methodologies to support the rationalisation of surgical trays in paediatric inguinoscrotal surgery in order to reduce instrument wastage, processing times and overall costs in a European setting. METHODS: This was a prospective, pilot observation and implementation study using Lean methodology including DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyse, Improve and Control) cycles. Relevant tray set-up included trays for boys ≥12 months age undergoing open elective inguinoscrotal surgery. A comparative analysis of two phases, pre and post-standardization was then carried out with respect to operating times, instrument set-up times, tray weights, and costs. Instruments that were used <40% of the time were eliminated from the surgical tray. RESULTS: Rationalization of the inguinoscrotal tray led to a 34.7% reduction in tray size, with a concomitant time-reduction of >2 min per case. The average overall instrument utilisation rate increased from 56% to 80% across users. Cost savings were projected at €5380.40 per annum based on current changes. There were no differences in operative time, or adverse outcomes. DISCUSSION: At the hospital level, the reduction in variation, and rationalisation of this single surgical tray could lead to both operational (Tray assembly process; Operating rooms; Ergonomic functionality) as well as economic (Sterilisation; Instrument repair; Purchases) financial and ergonomic improvements for the healthcare system. The reduction in time taken to count and sterilise instruments can lead to a potential manpower saving involving a redistribution of activities to other areas which may require them. CONCLUSION: Surgical tray rationalisation is emerging Lean concept with overlap across a number of specialities, and represents a technique by which to manage costs, and improve supply chain efficiency without any adverse effect in patient healthcare outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Racionalización , Instrumentos Quirúrgicos , Niño , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Irlanda , Quirófanos
5.
Surgeon ; 21(5): 308-313, 2023 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36935272

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is underrepresentation of women at surgical conferences. We examine the representation of women in Irish urology by looking at gender balance within the Irish Society of Urology (ISU) conference. AIMS: ISU programmes over thirteen years from 2008 to 2020 were assessed and female representation in session chairs, guest speakers, poster and oral presentations identified. Gender distributions of authors for each year was examined. To investigate changes in female representation temporally, the period of this study (2008-2020) was subdivided and compared: 2008-2013 and 2014-2020. RESULTS: 76 sessions were presided over by 138 chairs, of which 6 (4.3%) were female. Eight conferences had zero female chairs. 62 guest lectures were given, 6 (9.6%) by women. Of total 340 poster and 434 oral presentations, women delivered 24.9% (0-47.5%) of posters and 31.6% (10.3-59.4%) of oral presentations. We found no significant difference in the percentage of female poster presentations between the time periods 2008-2013 (m = 18.2, sd = 13.7) and 2014-2020 (m = 34.3, sd = 17.8), t(11) = -1.4, p > 0.05. However, we found a significant difference in the percentage of female oral presentations between the periods 2008-2013 (m = 18.7, sd = 14.2) and 2014-2020 (m = 40.6, sd = 14.5), t(11) = -2.8, p < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Our study is the second to examine female representation in Irish urology. Session chairs and guest speakers were grossly overrepresented by males as were oral and poster presentations. Despite lacking female influence overall, in more recent years there was an increased representation of women. Societies should strive to increase female representation, as this perpetuates a positive feedback loop, encouraging future female trainees to pursue urological surgery.


Asunto(s)
Especialidades Quirúrgicas , Urología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
6.
J Pediatr Urol ; 18(6): 765.e1-765.e6, 2022 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644791

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Hypospadias repair is an index pediatric urology procedure that requires trainee familiarity with surgical loupes. A previous low-fidelity, 6-step curriculum was proposed that deconstructed the most important steps of loupe surgery. We expanded on this curriculum with an intermediate-fidelity silicone hypospadias model and designed an abbreviated version of the 6-step curriculum to precede the hypospadias repair simulation. OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of our prior, low-fidelity conceptual model using the metric of improved performance on the intermediate-fidelity silicone hypospadias model. STUDY DESIGN: A silicone model was first prototyped with the design software Solidworks™, and then fabricated using a cast made of a mixture of silicone rubbers designed to function like skin and soft tissue (Mold Star 20T, Dragon skin FX-pro and Slacker). Casts were used to create the penile shaft model and the dorsal hooded foreskin model. The urethral plate was cast separately on a flat surface. The model was then assembled by hand. The model used for simulation included the penile shaft and urethral plate, while the dorsal-hooded foreskin was prepared to simulate the penile anatomy separately. Trainees were then divided into two groups. Group 1 practiced the low-fidelity curriculum (3 tasks) and then performed dissection of the urethral plate and suturing using the intermediate-fidelity hypospadias model. Group 2 practiced hypospadias repair prior to the low-fidelity curriculum. Both groups' models were scored by 3 blinded urologists. Trainees were then asked to complete a post simulation satisfaction survey. Data analysis was performed in IBM SPSS Statistics for Macintosh (Version 28.0 Armonk, NY: IBM Corp). RESULTS: Twenty-two candidates across Wisconsin, USA, and Dublin, Ireland participated in the study. This included 7 s-year residents, 9 third-year residents, 2 fourth-year residents, and 3 fifth-year residents. Both Groups 1 and 2 had a similar distribution of trainees (p = 0.60). Group 1 outperformed group 2 in all tasks (p < 0.05, Table 1). Trainees reported that the platform was very useful (91%). DISCUSSION: Our curriculum showed improvement in trainee ability and comfort to perform hypospadias repair. Advantages of such a simulated curriculum include improving current resident training in microsurgery, improving surgical ergonomics for trainees prior to real-time experience, and decreasing the learning curve for trainees pursuing pediatric urology. CONCLUSION: An intermediate-fidelity hypospadias platform externally validates the conceptual model implemented in the low-fidelity loupes curriculum. This appears to lead to improvement in loupe surgical skills regardless of trainee level.


Asunto(s)
Hipospadias , Procedimientos de Cirugía Plástica , Urología , Niño , Masculino , Humanos , Hipospadias/cirugía , Uretra/cirugía , Urología/educación , Siliconas , Competencia Clínica
7.
J Pediatr Urol ; 17(4): 541.e1-541.e11, 2021 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33883096

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The impact of using allografts with multiple renal arteries in paediatric kidney transplantation has not been clearly established. The aim of this study was to determine whether kidney grafts with multiple arteries pose any adverse effects upon perioperative surgical outcomes, and graft survival up to 12 months post-transplant. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to perform a comparative analysis of a minimum of 12-month graft survival and transplant renal function in paediatric renal transplant recipients receiving single versus multiple donor arteries, and to assess perioperative and early post-operative surgical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective divisional chart review of 379 transplants performed (2000-2018), of which 90 (23.7%) contained multiple donor arteries. The number of arteries of the graft, donor type, vascular reconstruction technique, occurrence of urological and vascular complications, estimated GFR and graft survival up to 12 months post-transplantation, graft loss and mortality were analysed. Comparisons in baseline characteristics and outcome measures were made between both groups. RESULTS: No significant differences were found in age (p = 0.42), BMI (p = 0.39), estimated intraoperative blood loss (p = 0.14), overall (p = 0.63) or warm ischaemic time (p = 0.37). 51.3% patients with multiple donor arteries underwent an ex vivo reconstruction. There were no differences in the site of arterial anastomosis (aorta, external iliac, internal iliac), or anastomotic type (end-side; end-end). Whilst there was a significantly higher post-operative lymphocoele rate in the multiple vessel cohort (p = 0.024), there was no increase in post-transplant urine leaks, rejection episodes, graft loss (1.1% multiple vs 2.1% single), perioperative complications (p = 0.68), or estimated GFR at 1 month (p = 0.9) or at 1 year (p = 0.67). DISCUSSION: We demonstrated in this study that there was no significant difference in postoperative complications up to 3 months, eGFR and renal function up to 1 year, and graft survival up to 4 years post transplantation irrespective of allograft type or reconstruction technique. There was however, a higher rate of lymphocoeles in the multiple artery cohort. The results seen here broadly mirror trends seen in adult studies, however, there is little data available from paediatric series. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that multiple renal artery allografts - previously been considered to carry a high complication risk - can be safely used for paediatric renal transplantation with equivalent perioperative complications and graft outcomes to single artery allografts.


Asunto(s)
Trasplante de Riñón , Adulto , Aloinjertos , Niño , Supervivencia de Injerto , Humanos , Trasplante de Riñón/efectos adversos , Arteria Renal/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Donantes de Tejidos , Resultado del Tratamiento
8.
J Pediatr Urol ; 16(5): 647.e1-647.e9, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32713791

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Prescription opioids have been extensively to manage postoperative pain in children. A growing body of evidence from the adult literature, suggests however, that healthcare providers may be prescribing far more opioids than required, with some studies demonstrating equivalent post-operative pain and clinical outcomes with their omission. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this prospective study were to assess the current heterogeneity of practice in post-operative opioids prescription following day case hypospadias surgery, to establish a streamlined discharge protocol, and to reduce the use of post-operative opioid prescription by 30% within a 4 month period through the use of systemic forcing functions and education. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study was approved by the Quality Improvement (QI) sub-committee of the hospital's Research and Ethics Board (REB) and was compliant with the Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIRE 2.0) guidelines. Recruited parents (n = 84) were contacted for telephone interview following a combined intervention of education and omission of post-operative opioids from the discharge prescription. A mixture of qualitative and quantitative techniques were employed including an initial process analysis to assess current opioid use, the creation of balancing measures, and the creation of Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles. Age, procedure, post-operative outcomes and opioid prescription data were recorded over a period of 6 months in 2019. RESULTS: Initial measures in our process analysis demonstrated significant institutional practice variation amongst our 84 post-intervention patients. Our process and fidelity measures confirmed 100% information provision. Following the point of intervention, there was a significant and sustained drop in opioid prescription, with an absolute reduction of 35%, and a relative reduction of 56%. There was no significant difference in patient age, pain scores, or outcomes pre- and post-intervention. DISCUSSION: We have shown in this study that a sustainable decrease in post-operative opioid prescriptions following hypospadias surgery is possible. We managed to achieve a relative reduction 56% which is comparable to other specialties, however, did it within a quality improvement framework to ensure fidelity and no adverse balancing measures. We also managed to reduce the number of doses prescribed in those receiving opioids post-intervention at week 9. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates opioids can be safely omitted in hypospadias cohorts without any adverse clinical outcomes or balancing measures. We recommend that opioids be used extremely judiciously in this population in order to minimize exposure in children.


Asunto(s)
Analgésicos Opioides , Hipospadias , Adulto , Niño , Humanos , Hipospadias/cirugía , Lactante , Masculino , Pacientes Ambulatorios , Dolor Postoperatorio/tratamiento farmacológico , Dolor Postoperatorio/prevención & control , Pautas de la Práctica en Medicina , Estudios Prospectivos , Mejoramiento de la Calidad
9.
J Pediatr Urol ; 16(2): 207-217, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917158

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses provide a comprehensive summary of research studies and are used to assess clinical evidence, form policy and construct guidelines. This is pertinent to childhood surgery with issues of consent and condition prevalence. The aims of this study were to evaluate the methodological and reporting quality of these reviews and to identify how these reviews might guide clinical practice amongst those conditions most commonly encountered and managed by practicing paediatric urologists. METHODS: A systematic search of the English literature was performed to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses focusing on clinical paediatric urology (1/1/1992-1/12/2018) to include common paediatric urological conditions managed by paediatric urology residents/fellows. To these reviews, Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR)-2 and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) scores were applied. Univariate linear regression and descriptive statistical methods were performed. RESULTS: From an initial literature review of 1723 articles, 227 were included in the analysis. Inter-reviewer agreement was high amongst 3 independent reviewers (κ = 0.92). Eighty-four percent of systematic reviews and meta-analyses were published since 2009 following publication of the PRISMA guidelines. The overall impact factor was 3.38 (0.83-17.58), with adherence to AMSTAR-2 criteria 48.46% and PRISMA criteria 70.1%. From a methodological perspective, 15% of reviews were of moderate quality, 65% were of low quality and 20% reviews were of critically low quality, with none found to have good quality reporting. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the continued increase of systematic reviews and meta-analyses in paediatric urology from which many guidelines are based, a significant number of reviews contain poor methodology and, to a lesser extent, poor reporting quality. Journals should consider having specific 'a priori' criteria based on checklists before publication of manuscripts to ensure the highest possible reporting quality.


Asunto(s)
Urología , Lista de Verificación , Niño , Humanos , Modelos Lineales , Metaanálisis como Asunto , Informe de Investigación , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto , Urólogos
10.
World J Urol ; 38(8): 1875-1882, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209563

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic procedures in pediatric urology have been shown to be safe and effective over the last number of years. Coupled with this is the technological trend to provide minimally invasive options for even the most complex pediatric patients. Whilst robotic platforms continue to try to demonstrate superior patient outcomes in adults with mixed results, the utilization of robotic platforms for pediatric urology is increasing. METHODS: A review of the current literature was undertaken to assess the evidence for training models and cost-effectiveness of robotic-assisted pediatric urology. CONCLUSIONS: A growing body of evidence in this field has demonstrated that robotic platforms are safe and effective in children and can provide additional reconstructive benefits due to motion scaling, magnification, stereoscopic views, instrument dexterity and tremor reduction. The main drawbacks remain the financial implications associated with this platform through purchase, maintenance, and disposable costs. This review addresses some of the addresses issues pertaining to cost, training and simulation for robotic-assisted surgery in pediatric urology.


Asunto(s)
Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Modelos Educacionales , Pediatría/educación , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados/educación , Entrenamiento Simulado , Urología/educación
13.
J Urol ; 202(2): 394-399, 2019 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30958740

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The growing availability of modern-day imaging has resulted in an increase in the number of renal cysts detected in the pediatric population. Few publications have reported outcomes of these childhood cysts. In this study we assessed the prevalence and evolution of renal cysts in children, and described clinical characteristics, mode of presentation and ultimate outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our institutional ultrasound database was searched for all abdominal ultrasound reports from 2006 to 2017. These reports were then cross-referenced with a manual retrospective chart review. Clinical characteristics including mode of presentation, cyst characteristics, and outcomes were analyzed using descriptive and nonparametric statistical methods. RESULTS: Of 70,500 abdominal ultrasound scans during the study period 1,531 (2.2%) met the study inclusion criteria. Overall 26% of cysts were complex and 10.1% of cases were associated with hydronephrosis. Echogenic kidneys were more likely to be associated with simple cysts (p=0.0001). There was no difference between cyst diameter and symptomatology (p=0.82). The conversion of simple to complex renal cysts was less than 1% and 1.8% of complex cysts developed renal cell carcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: In a large cohort of children who underwent abdominal imaging we found a 10-year renal cyst prevalence of 2.2%. Given that nearly all cysts follow a benign course and that simple cysts will invariably grow within 2 years, we believe that these cases could be safely discharged after that point. We continue to recommend surveillance for patients with cysts larger than 15 mm, complex cysts, family history of adult polycystic kidney disease or those with concomitant genitourinary anomalies requiring ongoing followup.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Renales Quísticas/diagnóstico por imagen , Adolescente , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Hallazgos Incidentales , Lactante , Enfermedades Renales Quísticas/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Renales Quísticas/epidemiología , Enfermedades Renales Quísticas/terapia , Masculino , Prevalencia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Ultrasonografía , Adulto Joven
14.
J Pediatr Urol ; 15(2): 159.e1-159.e7, 2019 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30867116

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The advent of open access publishing has allowed for unrestricted and rapid knowledge dissemination and can generate higher citation levels. However, the establishment of predatory journals exploits this model and may lead to publication of non-peer reviewed work. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the characteristics and trends of indexed publications in paediatric urology. The primary outcomes were to compare open access vs non-open access publishing. The secondary outcome was to assess whether any open access publications in this cohort could be classified as predatory based on journal data basing and external peer review policies. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE and Embase reviews were carried out for any publication using the terms 'p(a)ediatric urology' over a 5-year period (October 2012-2017). These publications were individually accessed, assessed for relevance and cross-checked using the ISI Web of Knowledge Journal Citation Report. Bibliometric data, journal type and access model were all individually assessed, ranked and compared using descriptive and non-parametric statistical methods. RESULTS: From an initial total of 4075 indexed publications, 2244 journal publications across 51 countries were included based on relevance, of which 611 were open access. Open access journals were significantly more likely to publish basic science/laboratory versus clinical publications (10.9% vs 3.3%). They were more likely have higher average citations/publication (17 vs. 8), but there was no difference between open and closed journal impact factors (3.1 vs. 2.7). The overall rate of open access, indexed publications that were not peer reviewed and/or included in open access databases was 6.5% DISCUSSION: The overall numbers of paediatric urological articles appearing on PubMed between 2012 and 2017 have increased by approximately 75%, while the number of open access articles has remained relatively static (25%). Researchers may prefer to publish in specific journals to disseminate results to a particular audience or fear in the current climate that an open access journal may not be considered legitimate, and possibly even predatory, thus having a negative impact on the data and the author's reputation. The impact factor status and route/method of publication may be less important. CONCLUSIONS: Open access, peer reviewed publishing allows rapid international knowledge dissemination. The exact objective definition of what constitutes a predatory journal remains controversial. We have identified a time-stable prevalence of 6.5% open access publications that could meet proposed criteria for a 'borderline/predatory journal'; however, this should not influence the decision to publish in open access journals.


Asunto(s)
Indización y Redacción de Resúmenes , Acceso a la Información , Pediatría , Revisión por Pares/ética , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/ética , Edición/ética , Edición/estadística & datos numéricos , Urología
17.
Ir Med J ; 111(6): 772, 2018 06 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30520277

RESUMEN

We present the case of an 83-year-old man with Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) of the penis. He underwent a total penectomy and histopathology confirms the association of underlying invasive high grade urothelial carcinoma. Penile EMPD is rare and can be misinterpreted for benign skin conditions. A high index of suspicion is required for correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

18.
J Pediatr Urol ; 14(5): 446.e1-446.e9, 2018 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29776870

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) has been one of the defining conditions unique to pediatric urology since its inception. The clinical implications of this disease process depend on intrinsic patient factors such as age, genetics, epigenetics, voiding habits, anatomic anomalies, and extrinsic factors such as the pathogenicity of infectious agents. Knowledge about its natural history, the implications of conservative and surgical management, and their associated outcomes have evolved dramatically over time. This study aimed to use bibliometric analyses to summarize the evolution of VUR management over time. In order to accomplish this, the most referenced articles for VUR since 1950 were identified, and a comprehensive analysis of their impact on the management and understanding of VUR was performed by creating a novel impact index. METHODS: A reference search was carried out for indexed citations through the portal 'Science Citation Index' in the subsection 'Web of Science Core Collection' using 'vesicoureteral reflux' as a MeSH term. References were analyzed and subcategorized according to various subtopics. A unique impact index was developed to adjust the number of publications for the time since publication, in order to define the impact of the paper amongst the most frequently cited papers. Articles were analyzed and data were tabulated according to the number of citations, country and institute of origin, journal of publication, impact factor, and first authorship. RESULTS: Citation counts ranged from 43 to 510, and the mean number of citations per publication was 101.43. The most discussed topic was 'treatment'. The impact index showed that more recent publications have a higher impact. The author with the highest index impact had 271 citations in a period of 5 years. The top 150 articles were published across 23 countries, the majority being from the USA (Summary fig.). The most frequently cited institution had 12 publications. The journal with the highest publication referencing rate was the Journal of Urology. CONCLUSION: The most cited articles were valuable sources of information to describe the historical evolution of the pathophysiology and management of VUR. After adjusting for time since publication, the most recent publications (i.e. those published after 1990) had a higher impact index. Combining traditional bibliometric analysis with this novel impact index may allow researchers to optimize future literature analyses, while also assisting clinicians in understanding best practices for patient management based on the available literature.


Asunto(s)
Bibliometría , Factor de Impacto de la Revista , Edición/estadística & datos numéricos , Reflujo Vesicoureteral , Humanos , Factores de Tiempo
19.
J Urol ; 200(3): 508-509, 2018 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29630982

Asunto(s)
Urología , Niño , Humanos , Edición
20.
J Pediatr Urol ; 14(2): 169.e1-169.e7, 2018 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29233628

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is an uncommon chronic destructive granulomatous inflammation of the kidney. It was first described in 1916, and is thought to affect 6/1000 cases of pyelonephritis. Its manifestations are varied, and with a limited number of cases in the literature, the optimal diagnosis and management of XGP in the paediatric cohort is still unknown. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records of children who were diagnosed and treated for XGP at the current unit during the period 1963-2016, inclusive, were retrospectively reviewed. Information pertaining to each patient was recorded, including: demographic data, past medical history, clinical and biochemical characteristics, diagnostic procedures, treatment methods, histopathologic diagnosis of the removed specimen, and outcome. RESULTS: A total of 66 children with a median age of 4.84 years (range 1.1-14.81), with an M:F ratio 1.35:1 underwent nephrectomy for XGP and had a median follow-up of 7.19 years (range 0.11-17.45). The most common presentations were systemic illness (62.1%), pain (60.6%), urinary tract infections (54.5%) and an abdominal mass (39.4%); pyrexia was present in 53%. Biochemical abnormalities included anaemia (86.3%), thrombocytosis (80.3%) and hypomagnesemia (65.1%). There was an 83.3% concordance between intraoperative cultures and positive mid-stream urines. Index kidneys were significantly larger than the contralateral side (mean 1.32 cm; P = 0.002). Staging of XGP demonstrated extension beyond the kidney in 79% of kidneys. Computed tomography (CT) was performed in 11 cases (Summary figure). Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan showed 0-10% function in 90.47% of cases. Surgical procedures included nephrectomy (n = 63) and partial nephrectomy (n = 3). Perioperative complications included colonic resections (n = 5) and abscess formation in 18%. CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest series to date of XGP in a paediatric cohort. XGP should be included in the differential diagnosis of all children presenting with perirenal or psoas abscesses, renal masses and/or non-functioning kidneys with/or without associated urolithiasis. Clinical awareness and a high index of suspicion is required to achieve the correct pre-operative diagnosis and appropriate management.


Asunto(s)
Nefrectomía/métodos , Pielonefritis Xantogranulomatosa/patología , Pielonefritis Xantogranulomatosa/cirugía , Centros Médicos Académicos , Adolescente , Factores de Edad , Biopsia con Aguja , Niño , Preescolar , Estudios de Cohortes , Bases de Datos Factuales , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Inmunohistoquímica , Irlanda , Masculino , Pielonefritis Xantogranulomatosa/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedades Raras , Recurrencia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Medición de Riesgo , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Factores Sexuales , Factores de Tiempo , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X/métodos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Infecciones Urinarias/diagnóstico , Infecciones Urinarias/etiología
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