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1.
Intern Med ; 2021 Feb 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33551406

RESUMEN

A 76-year-old woman with branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) was admitted with epigastric pain and vomiting. She had received warfarin due to a history of deep vein thrombosis. A blood test showed decreased serum hemoglobin and elevated serum amylase. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed acute pancreatitis and formation of a pseudoaneurysm in the IPMN. We suspected rupture of a pseudoaneurysm and performed trans-catheter angiography. Angiography showed extravasation from the posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery, and coil embolization was performed. It is important to be alert for the formation of pseudoaneurysm in patients with cystic neoplasms.

2.
Hepatol Res ; 2021 Feb 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596344

RESUMEN

AIM: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a risk factor for non-virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma, which is increasing in prevalence. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical application of fucosylated alpha-fetoprotein (AFP-L3) in the process of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease development. METHODS: Serum samples from 115 diabetes mellitus (DM), 36 non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL), and 119 NASH patients were analyzed for AFP-L3 expression using raw data of a micro total analysis system. These data were then compared with the clinical characteristics of the patients. Validation study was also performed with 55 samples (17NAFL and 38 NASH). RESULTS: Trace amounts of AFP-L3 were detected in 3.5%, 16.7%, and 58.0% of patients with DM, NAFL, and NASH, respectively. The odds ratio of AFP-L3 positivity for the diagnosis of NASH in multivariate analysis was 9.81 (95% confidence interval 3.77-25.5). The rates in patients without fibrosis, with stage 1, stage 2, stage 3, and stage 4 fibrosis were 14.7%, 31.3%, 63.0%, 86.2% and 100%, respectively. The rates were significantly increased according to the advancement of liver fibrosis (p<0.001); however, no difference in the positive rate of AFP-L3 was observed between patients with and without fatty livers and between patients with normal and abnormal transaminase. The same relationship was also observed in the validation cohort. CONCLUSION: Abnormal fucosylation of AFP occurred in patients with NASH, so it may be useful for the screening of NASH in patients with DM, as well as for the differential diagnosis of NASH and the evaluation of fibrosis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
J Gastroenterol ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576870

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Second primary cancers have impact on survival in patients who achieved cure for the first esophageal cancer. We, therefore, assessed the risk of incidence and mortality for second primary cancer by calculating standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and standardized mortality ratio (SMR) in patients with superficial or localized esophageal cancer without lymph node metastases as the first cancer (index cancer). METHODS: Data on cancer development and subsequent causes of deaths were collected from integrated database of the Osaka Cancer Registry and the Vital Statistics of Japan. Records with information on patients with index esophageal cancer diagnosed between 2004 and 2013 were extracted from the database. Then, SIR and SMR for second primary cancers that developed in other organ were calculated with the reference to the general population during the same period. All probability values are two-tailed. RESULTS: Of 473,784 case records, 3022 cases of patients with index esophageal cancer were identified. Significantly higher SMRs/SIRs for cancers in mouth/pharynx, larynx, pancreas, and leukemia were confirmed with the values of 10.78/16.16, 8.56/6.44, 2.33/2.31, and 3.96/4.42, respectively. Significantly, higher SIRs for stomach, lung, and skin cancers were confirmed with the values of 2.84, 2.36, and 3.38, respectively, while SMRs were not significantly higher in these cancers. CONCLUSIONS: Significantly higher risks for mouth/pharynx, larynx, pancreas, and leukemia as second cancers were clarified. Careful surveillance for these cancers is required for esophageal cancer patients.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(3)2021 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33573345

RESUMEN

Skeletal disorders, such as osteoarthritis and bone fractures, are among the major conditions that can compromise the quality of daily life of elderly individuals. To treat them, regenerative therapies using skeletal cells have been an attractive choice for patients with unmet clinical needs. Currently, there are two major strategies to prepare the cell sources. The first is to use induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) or embryonic stem cells (ESCs), which can recapitulate the skeletal developmental process and differentiate into various skeletal cells. Skeletal tissues are derived from three distinct origins: the neural crest, paraxial mesoderm, and lateral plate mesoderm. Thus, various protocols have been proposed to recapitulate the sequential process of skeletal development. The second strategy is to extract stem cells from skeletal tissues. In addition to mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs), multiple cell types have been identified as alternative cell sources. These cells have distinct multipotent properties allowing them to differentiate into skeletal cells and various potential applications for skeletal regeneration. In this review, we summarize state-of-the-art research in stem cell differentiation based on the understanding of embryogenic skeletal development and stem cells existing in skeletal tissues. We then discuss the potential applications of these cell types for regenerative medicine.

5.
Intern Med ; 2021 Feb 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33612676

RESUMEN

We herein report a patient who presented with follicular lymphoma. Although the stomach was initially intact, mucosal redness and multiple erosions appeared in the gastric body owing to infiltration of the follicular lymphoma cells. Subsequently, a slightly depressed, white area lacking gastric mucosal structure was detected in the lesser curvature of the gastric cardia and body, where lymphoma cell infiltration was also pathologically observed beneath the stratified squamous epithelium. This case indicated that, although infrequent, prolonged mucosal injury owing to lymphoma infiltration can cause squamous metaplasia in the stomach.

6.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 28, 2021 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441096

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Only a few reports have assessed the effectiveness of endoscopic biliary drainage (EBD) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with obstructive jaundice and liver dysfunction. METHODS: This was a retrospective study based on the clinical databases from the Okayama University Hospital and 10 affiliated hospitals. All patients received EBD for jaundice or liver dysfunction. The indication for EBD was aggravation of jaundice or liver dysfunction with intrahepatic bile duct (IHBD) dilation. The technical and clinical success rate, complications, factors associated with clinical failure, and survival duration were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 107 patients were enrolled in this study. Technical success was achieved in 105 of 107 patients (98.1%). Clinical success was achieved in 85 of 105 patients (81%). Complications related to endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) occurred in 3 (2.8%) patients. Child-Pugh class C (odds ratio 3.90, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.47-10.4, p = 0.0046) was the only factor associated with clinical failure, irrespective of successful drainage. The median survival duration was significantly longer in patients with clinical success than in those without clinical success (5.0 months vs. 0.93 months; hazard ratio [HR] 3.2, 95% CI 1.87-5.37). HCC Stage I/II/III (HR 0.57, CI 0.34-0.95, p = 0.032), absence of portal thrombosis (HR 0.52, CI 0.32-0.85, p = 0.0099), and clinical success (HR 0.39, CI 0.21-0.70, p = 0.0018) were significant factors associated with a long survival. CONCLUSIONS: EBD for obstructive jaundice and liver dysfunction in patients with HCC can be performed safely with a high technical success rate. Clinical success can improve the survival duration, even in patients expected to have a poor prognosis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Retrospectively registered.

7.
Target Oncol ; 2021 Jan 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33475927

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between immune-related adverse events (irAEs) and the efficacy and survival outcomes of nivolumab in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the association between irAEs and the prognosis of patients with AGC treated with nivolumab. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From July 2017 to November 2020, patients who had been diagnosed with advanced unresected gastric cancer and treated with nivolumab at our institution were included in this analysis. We compared the clinical and survival outcomes between the irAE and non-irAE groups. We also evaluated the factors associated with better survival in patients treated with nivolumab. RESULTS: A total of 52 patients were included in the present study, and irAEs were observed in 13 (25%). Among the patients with measurable lesions (n = 29), the disease control rates were significantly higher in the irAE group than in the non-irAE group (88 vs. 24%; P = 0.0033). At the 8- and 12-week landmark analyses, the median overall survival (OS) in the irAE group was significantly longer than that in the non-irAE group, whereas the median progression-free survival was comparable between the groups. A multivariate analysis by Cox proportional hazard regression at the 8-week landmark revealed that the development of irAEs (hazard ratio 0.18; 95% confidence interval 0.0099-0.86) alone was positively associated with a longer OS. CONCLUSIONS: The development of irAEs might be associated with survival outcomes with nivolumab treatment in patients with AGC.

8.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 21, 2021 Jan 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413133

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The histological diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) by an endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided approach is still challenging. METHODS: We investigated the utility of the 21-gauge Menghini-type biopsy needle with the rolling method for the histological diagnosis of AIP, in comparison with conventional 22-gauge needles. Among total 28 patients, rate of definitive histological diagnosis, acquired sample area of tissue, rate of histopathological diagnosis of AIP, and adverse events were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Definitive histological diagnoses were successfully accomplished in all 14 patients (100%) treated with a Menghini-type needle, and in 57% of cases (8/14) treated with conventional 22-gauge needles (P < 0.001). The median sample area of the tissue, except for blood contamination, was remarkably larger by the Menghini-type needle than by conventional-type needles (6.2 [IQR, 4.5-8.8] versus 0.7 [IQR, 0.2-2.0] mm2, P < 0.001), and the area per punctures was approximately 4 times larger (1.4 [IQR: 0.9-2.9] versus 0.3 [IQR: 0.1-0.6] mm2/puncture, P < 0.001). Based on the International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria, lymphoplasmacytic infiltration, abundant IgG4-postive cells, storiform fibrosis, and obliterative phlebitis were found in 86%/29%, 64%/0%, 36%/0%, and 7%/0% patients who were treated with the Menghini-type needle and conventional-type needles, respectively. Consequently, histopathological diagnosis with type 1 AIP (lever 1 or 2) was achieved in 9 patients (64%) treated with the Menghini-type needle and in no patient treated with conventional-type needles (P < 0.001). Two patients who had mild post-procedural pancreatitis improved with conservative treatment, and no bleeding occurred in patients treated with the Menghini-type needle. CONCLUSION: EUS-guided rolling method with the 21-gauge Menghini-type biopsy needle is useful for the histopathological diagnosis of AIP, due to its abundant acquisition of good-quality tissue from the pancreas.

9.
J Am Coll Radiol ; 18(1 Pt B): 140-147, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413890

RESUMEN

PURPOSES: To determine cancer detection and mortality and its costs associated with employee-initiated, prospective whole-body cancer screening program in an engineering company in Hamamatsu, Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The program includes whole-body fluorine-18-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose PET/CT, brain and pelvis MR, and abdominal ultrasound, offered every 2 years five consecutive times. Employees are free to opt in or opt out anytime. The subjects were divided into the full (five consecutive screenings), partial (more than once and less than five), and no participation groups. The rate ratio of cancer detection rate and cancer-related mortality and cancer-related costs of care were measured. All employees also received other annual health screenings, including chest radiograph or upper gastrointestinal study. RESULTS: Among 1,213 subjects, 543 employees were under full participation, 318 were under partial participation, and 352 were under no participation. In all, 26, 9, and 19 cancers were detected from the full participation, partial participation, and nonparticipation groups, respectively. No statistical significance was observed in the cancer detection rate ratio. The rate ratio of cancer-related deaths was 0.11 (0.01-0.90) for the full participation group compared with the nonparticipation group, and the difference was statistically significant. The cost of cancer-related care was highest among the nonparticipation group; however, the difference was not statistically significant (P = .108). CONCLUSION: Whole-body cancer screening can successfully reduce cancer-related mortality and costs of cancer-related care. The cancer detection rate was not significantly improved because of broad implementation of additional annual health screenings offered to all employees at no cost, resulting in the high baseline cancer detection rate.

10.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 1188, 2020 Dec 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33272240

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: It is often difficult to diagnose inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-associated neoplasia endoscopically due to background inflammation. In addition, due to the absence of sensitive tumor biomarkers, countermeasures against IBD-associated neoplasia are crucial. The purpose of this study is to develop a new diagnostic method through the application of liquid biopsy. METHODS: Ten patients with IBD-associated cancers and high-grade dysplasia (HGD) with preserved tumor tissue and blood were included. Tumor and non-tumor tissues were analyzed for 48 cancer-related genes using next-generation sequencing. Simultaneously, circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) was analyzed for mutations in the target genes using digital PCR. RESULTS: Out of 10 patients, seven had IBD-related cancer and three had IBD-related HGD. Two patients had carcinoma in situ; moreover, three had stageII and two had stage III. To avoid false positives, the mutation rate cutoff was set at 5% based on the control results; seven of 10 (70%) tumor tissue samples were mutation-positive. Mutation frequencies for each gene were as follows: TP53 (20.9%; R136H), TP53 (25.0%; C110W), TP53 (8.5%; H140Q), TP53 (31.1%; R150W), TP53 (12.8%; R141H), KRAS (40.0%; G12V), and PIK3CA (34.1%; R 88Q). The same mutations were detected in the blood of these seven patients. However, no mutations were detected in the blood of the remaining three patients with no tumor tissue mutations. The concordance rate between tumor tissue DNA and blood ctDNA was 100%. CONCLUSION: Blood liquid biopsy has the potential to be a new method for non-invasive diagnosis of IBD-associated neoplasia.

11.
Acta Med Okayama ; 74(6): 461-466, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361865

RESUMEN

Gastric cancer usually arises in middle-aged to older patients, and is rarely found in younger patients. The clin-ical characteristics, etiology, prognosis, preventive methods and treatment of gastric cancer in young patients have not been fully investigated because of its low prevalence. In this review, we discuss the current under-standing and clinical problems associated with gastric cancer in young patients. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), which is a major cause of gastric cancer, especially in older populations, is closely associated with gastric cancer in young patients as well as in older patients. Gastric cancer in young patients tends to be diagnosed at an advanced stage with alarm symptoms. However, young patients with advanced gastric cancer tend to have a favorable general condition and organ function, so they can tolerate intensive systematic chemotherapy. Unfortunately, the prognosis of gastric cancer in young patients with an advanced stage is not favorable. We should not take this rare disease lightly, given its poor prognosis if patients are diagnosed at an unresectable stage. The evaluation of the H. pylori infection status and performance of H. pylori eradication therapy to prevent gastric cancer in young patients as well as the development of more intensive chemotherapy regimens for unre-sectable gastric cancer in young patients are warranted.

12.
Acta Med Okayama ; 74(6): 557-562, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361878

RESUMEN

A 63-year-old Japanese male with stomach adenocarcinoma received oral 5-fluorouracil derivative, cisplatin and trastuzumab chemotherapy. On day 8, severe diarrhea and mucositis developed; chemotherapy was stopped. On day 14, the patient developed renal dysfunction and febrile neutropenia. He also suffered from pneumonia due to Candida albicans. Systemic symptoms improved after intensive conservative treatment. Best supportive care was continued until the patient died from gastric cancer. The dihydropyrimidine dehydroge-nase protein level was low at 3.18 U/mg protein. The result of DPYD genotyping revealed three variants at posi-tions 1615 (G > A), 1627 (A > G), and 1896 (T > C) in exons 13, 13, and 14, respectively.

13.
J Oral Sci ; 63(1): 92-97, 2020 Dec 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311012

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Implant component fractures are one of the most serious complications in implant treatment. With a better understanding of the risk factors for fracture in the preoperative, surgery, superstructure, and post-loading phases of implant treatment, low-risk treatment could reduce implant component fractures, leading to a better prognosis. The aim of this study was to clarify the risk factors for abutment and implant fractures that occur after loading, and to perform a retrospective, approximately 10-year follow-up study to explore the risk factors in each treatment phase. METHODS: Subjects were fitted with an implant prosthesis between January 2008 and December 2009. In total, 1,126 Ankylos implants in 430 patients were included for analysis. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to extract factors related to non-fracture and fracture of the abutment or implant as a dependent variable. RESULTS: Gender (OR = 3.466, 95% CI 1.296-9.268, P = 0.013), gonial angle (OR = 3.420, 95% CI 1.308-8.945, P = 0.012), and splinting status of the superstructure (OR = 4.456, 95% CI 1.861-10.669, P = 0.001) were identified as significant risk factors. CONCLUSION: The risk of fracture is increased in males, especially those with a mandibular angle of less than 120° on panoramic radiographs, and those with a non-splinted superstructure.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(1)2020 Dec 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33375370

RESUMEN

Calcium (Ca2+) plays an important role in regulating the differentiation and function of osteoclasts. Calcium oscillations (Ca oscillations) are well-known phenomena in receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption via calcineurin. Many modifiers are involved in the fine-tuning of Ca oscillations in osteoclasts. In addition to macrophage colony-stimulating factors (M-CSF; CSF-1) and RANKL, costimulatory signaling by immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif-harboring adaptors is important for Ca oscillation generation and osteoclast differentiation. DNAX-activating protein of 12 kD is always necessary for osteoclastogenesis. In contrast, Fc receptor gamma (FcRγ) works as a key controller of osteoclastogenesis especially in inflammatory situation. FcRγ has a cofactor in fine-tuning of Ca oscillations. Some calcium channels and transporters are also necessary for Ca oscillations. Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are well-known environmental sensors, and TRP vanilloid channels play an important role in osteoclastogenesis. Lysosomes, mitochondria, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) are typical organelles for intracellular Ca2+ storage. Ryanodine receptor, inositol trisphosphate receptor, and sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase on the ER modulate Ca oscillations. Research on Ca oscillations in osteoclasts has still many problems. Surprisingly, there is no objective definition of Ca oscillations. Causality between Ca oscillations and osteoclast differentiation and/or function remains to be examined.

15.
Intern Med ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33162475

RESUMEN

Objective The eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) reduces the risk for gastric cancer development, but it cannot prevent it completely. We investigated the risk factors of early gastric cancer development after the eradication of H. pylori, based on the histological characteristics of gastric mucosa. Methods Sixty-one patients who underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection for early gastric cancer after successful H. pylori eradication (group A) and 122 patients without developing a gastric neoplasm over 3 years after successful H. pylori eradication (group B) were analyzed. We compared the histological findings of the patients enrolled in Group A and Group B before and after the propensity score-matching. Results Comparing the characteristics of two the groups, Group A consisted predominantly of males, had significantly more elderly patients, and the years after successful eradication tended to be longer. We performed score matching for these three factors to reduce the influence of any confounding factors. After matching, the scores of inflammation for Group A (N=54) was significantly higher than those of Group B (N=54) at the greater curvature of the antrum, the lesser curvature of the corpus, and the greater curvature of the corpus. According to a multivariate analysis, inflammation of the greater curvature of the antrum and lesser curvature of the corpus were found to be independent risk factors. The risk ratio and 95% CI were 5.92 (2.11-16.6) (p<0.01), and 3.56 (1.05-13.2) (p=0.04), respectively. Conclusions A continuous high level of inflammation of the background gastric mucosa may be a risk factor for gastric cancer onset after H. pylori eradication.

16.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33200254

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) occurring after invasive dental treatment often adversely affects patients' activities of daily living. Long-term administration of strong anti-bone resorptive agents such as bisphosphonates prior to invasive dental treatment is considered an ONJ risk factor; however, pathological mechanisms underlying ONJ development remain unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed an ONJ mouse model in which a tooth is extracted during treatment with the bisphosphonate zoledronate. RESULTS: We observed induction of apoptosis in osteocytes, resulting in formation of empty lacunae in jaw bones at sites of tooth extraction but not in other bones of the same mice. We also observed elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines such as TNFα, IL-6 and IL-1 in jaw bone at the extraction site relative to other sites in zoledronate-treated mice. We also report that treatment in vitro with either zoledronate or an extract from Porphyromonas gingivalis, an oral bacteria, promotes expression of inflammatory cytokines in osteoclast progenitor cells. We demonstrate that gene-targeting of either TNFα, IL-6 or IL-1 or treatment with etanercept, a TNFα inhibitor, or a neutralizing antibody against IL-6 can antagonize ONJ development caused by combined tooth extraction and zoledronate treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, the cytokine storm induced by invasive dental treatment under bisphosphonate treatment promotes ONJ development due to elevated levels of inflammatory cytokine-producing cells. Our work identifies novel targets potentially useful to prevent ONJ.

17.
Curr Probl Cancer ; : 100666, 2020 Oct 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129565

RESUMEN

A 59-year-old man received fifth line chemotherapy with ramucirumab and protein-bound paclitaxel for gastric metastasis from esophagogastric junction cancer. On day 3 of the third course, he had severe chest pain and a high fever. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed gastric perforation at the point of the metastatic lesion.

18.
Surg Endosc ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33140150

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Endoscopic treatment outcomes for hepatolithiasis in patients with altered anatomy are not well known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment outcomes of hepatolithiasis in patients with hepaticojejunostomy (HJ) using short-type double-balloon endoscopy (sDBE) and to assess the risk factors for stone recurrence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study that consisted of 73 patients with hepatolithiasis who underwent bowel reconstruction with HJ at an academic center. Stone removal was performed using sDBE. After balloon-occluded cholangiography using sDBE, peroral direct cholangioscopy (PDCS) using ultraslim endoscopy was performed to check for residual stones, depending on the bowel reconstruction method. Recurrence was defined as the development of cholangitis from stones. RESULTS: The success rate of reaching the HJ site was 92% (67/73), and the complete stone removal rate was 93% (62/67) with multiple sessions (mean number 1.5 ± 0.9). The occurrence rate of procedure-related adverse events was 6.8%. Among 58 patients evaluated for stone recurrence, 13 (22%) developed recurrence during a median follow-up period of 2.7 years (interquartile range: 1.5-4.8). Multivariate analyses determined that a stone diameter ≥ 8 mm [odds ratio (OR), 5.57; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.39-37.2; p = 0.013] and performing PDCS (OR, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.0084-0.90; p = 0.036) were significant factors for stone recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic treatment using sDBE for hepatolithiasis was effective and safe. PDCS might reduce the rate of stone recurrence by detecting stones that are too small to confirm on fluoroscopic images.

19.
Dig Endosc ; 2020 Nov 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33211353

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The propriety of cold forceps polypectomy (CFP) using jumbo biopsy forceps for diminutive polyps remains controversial. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the complete CFP resection rate of 3-5-mm polyps using additional endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) specimens following CFP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with 3-5-mm protruded or flat elevated colorectal polyps diagnosed endoscopically as adenomas or serrated lesions were prospectively enrolled. CFP using jumbo biopsy forceps was used to remove the eligible polyps and repeated until the absence of residuals were confirmed via image-enhanced endoscopy or chromoendoscopy. After CFP, saline was injected at the defect, and the marginal specimen of the defect was resected using EMR to histologically evaluate the residue. The primary outcome was the complete CFP resection rate, which was defined as no residue at the EMR site. Other outcomes were the number of CFP bites and the complete resection rate by lesion size. RESULTS: Eighty patients with 120 polyps were enrolled. The mean polyp size was 4.1±0.7 mm. The overall complete resection rate was 96.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 91.7-98.7), and the rates for 3-, 4- and 5-mm polyps were 100% (95% CI, 86.7-100), 96.0% (95% CI, 86.5-98.9) and 95.5% (95% CI, 85.1-98.8), respectively. The one-bite CFP rates were 92%, 60% and 31% for the 3-, 4- and 5-mm polyps, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The complete CFP resection rate for 3-5-mm polyps was acceptable, although the one-bite clearance rate decreased as the polyp size increased (UMIN000028841).

20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33242360

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn) is involved in colorectal cancer (CRC) growth and is a biomarker for patient prognosis and management. However, the ecology of Fn in CRC and the distribution of intratumoral Fn are unknown. METHODS: We evaluated Fn, and the status of KRAS and BRAF in 200 colorectal neoplasms (118 adenomas and 82 cancers) and 149 matched adjacent normal mucosas. The differentiation status between "surface" and "deep" areas of cancer tissue and matched normal mucosa were analyzed in 46 surgical samples; the Ki-67 index was also evaluated in these samples. RESULTS: Fn presence in the tumor increased according to pathological stage: 5.9% (adenoma) to 81.8% (stage III/IV), while Fn presence in normal mucosa also increased: 7.6% (adenoma) to 40.9% (stage III/IV). The detection rates of Fn on the tumor surface and in deep areas were 45.7% and 32.6%, while that of normal mucosa was 26.1% and 23.9%, respectively. Stage III/IV tumors showed high Fn surface area expression (66.7%). Fn intratumoral heterogeneity (34.8%) was higher than that of KRAS (4.3%; p < 0.001) and BRAF (2.2%; p < 0.001). The Ki-67 index in Fn-positive cases was higher than that in negative cases (93.9% vs. 89.0%; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Fn was strongly present in CRC superficial areas at stage III/IV. The presence of Fn in the deep areas of adjacent normal mucosa also increased. The intratumoral heterogeneity of Fn is important in the use of Fn as a biomarker, as Fn is associated with CRC proliferative capacity.

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