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1.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 32: e4092, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés, Español, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38294053

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the patient safety climate in Primary Health Care from the perspective of nurses working in the services. METHOD: a quantitative and cross-sectional study conducted with 148 nurses from a municipality in the state of São Paulo. The Brazilian version of the Primary Care Safety Questionnaire Survey and personal, professional, and organizational performance variables (intention to stay at work, job satisfaction, care quality, and frequency of incidents) were used. Parametric and non-parametric comparison tests and Spearman's correlation coefficient were performed, considering a 5% significance level. RESULTS: the safety climate was positive, varying from 4.52 to 5.33 and differing across districts for workload (p=0.0214) and leadership (p=0.0129). The safety climate professional variables and dimensions differed in relation to the frequency of incidents. Teamwork and safety and learning system were strongly correlated with job satisfaction and moderately with perceived care quality. CONCLUSION: teamwork and safety and learning system stood out for their positive correlations with job satisfaction and care quality. A positive safety climate favors the involvement of Primary Care nurses to develop improvement plans aligned with the National Patient Safety Program. BACKGROUND: (1) The safety climate is perceived differently across health districts. (2) There is a correlation between the climate dimensions and professional satisfaction. (3) Workload and leadership exert an influence on the safety climate perception. (4) There is a relationship between the safety climate and reporting of care-related incidents. (5) The safety climate is perceived differently among nurses regarding their role.


Asunto(s)
Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital , Humanos , Cultura Organizacional , Seguridad del Paciente , Estudios Transversales , Brasil , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Atención Primaria de Salud , Actitud del Personal de Salud
2.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 32: e4092, 2024. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1530197

RESUMEN

Objective: to evaluate the patient safety climate in Primary Health Care from the perspective of nurses working in the services. Method: a quantitative and cross-sectional study conducted with 148 nurses from a municipality in the state of São Paulo. The Brazilian version of the Primary Care Safety Questionnaire Survey and personal, professional, and organizational performance variables (intention to stay at work, job satisfaction, care quality, and frequency of incidents) were used. Parametric and non-parametric comparison tests and Spearman's correlation coefficient were performed, considering a 5% significance level. Results: the safety climate was positive, varying from 4.52 to 5.33 and differing across districts for workload (p=0.0214) and leadership (p=0.0129). The safety climate professional variables and dimensions differed in relation to the frequency of incidents. Teamwork and safety and learning system were strongly correlated with job satisfaction and moderately with perceived care quality. Conclusion: teamwork and safety and learning system stood out for their positive correlations with job satisfaction and care quality. A positive safety climate favors the involvement of Primary Care nurses to develop improvement plans aligned with the National Patient Safety Program.


Objetivo: evaluar el clima de seguridad del paciente en la Atención Primaria de la Salud, desde la perspectiva de los enfermeros de los servicios. Método: estudio cuantitativo y transversal, con 148 enfermeros de un municipio del Estado de São Paulo. Se utilizó la versión brasileña del Primary Care Safety Questionnaire Survey y variables personales, profesionales y de desempeño organizacional (intención de permanecer en el empleo, satisfacción laboral, calidad de la atención y frecuencia de incidentes). Se realizaron pruebas de comparación paramétricas y no paramétricas y coeficiente de correlación de Spearman, considerando un nivel de significación del 5%. Resultados: el clima de seguridad fue positivo, osciló entre 4,52 y 5,33; difirió entre distritos en carga de trabajo (p=0,0214) y liderazgo (p=0,0129). Las variables profesionales y dimensiones del clima de seguridad difirieron en la frecuencia de incidentes. El trabajo en equipo, el sistema de seguridad y el aprendizaje tuvieron una correlación alta con la satisfacción laboral y una moderada con la percepción de la calidad de la atención. Conclusión: el trabajo en equipo y el sistema de seguridad y aprendizaje se destacaron por su correlación positiva con la satisfacción laboral y la calidad de la atención. Un clima de seguridad positivo favorece la participación de los enfermeros de la atención primaria en el desarrollo de planes de mejora que sigan las indicaciones del Programa Nacional de Seguridad del Paciente.


Objetivo: avaliar o clima de segurança do paciente na Atenção Primária à Saúde, sob a perspectiva dos enfermeiros dos serviços. Método: estudo quantitativo e transversal, com 148 enfermeiros de um município do Estado de São Paulo. Foram utilizadas a versão brasileira do Primary Care Safety Questionnaire Survey e variáveis pessoais, profissionais e desempenho organizacional (intenção permanecer no trabalho, satisfação no trabalho, qualidade do cuidado e frequência de incidentes). Realizaram-se testes de comparação paramétricos, não paramétricos e coeficiente de correlação de Resultados: o clima de segurança foi positivo, com variação de 4,52 a 5,33; diferiu entre distritos para carga de trabalho (p=0,0214) e liderança (p=0,0129). As variáveis profissionais e dimensões do clima de segurança diferiram em relação à frequência de incidentes. Trabalho em equipe, sistema de segurança e aprendizagem foram fortemente correlacionados à satisfação no trabalho e moderadamente com percepção da qualidade do cuidado. Conclusão: trabalho em equipe e sistema de segurança e aprendizagem se destacaram pela correlação positiva com satisfação no trabalho e qualidade do cuidado. O clima de segurança positivo favorece o envolvimento dos enfermeiros da atenção primária para desenvolver planos de melhorias alinhados ao Programa Nacional de Segurança do Paciente.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Atención Primaria de Salud , Evaluación en Salud , Cultura Organizacional , Seguridad del Paciente , Liderazgo , Enfermeras y Enfermeros
3.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3795, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1424040

RESUMEN

Abstract Objective: to analyze the factors related to sleep disorders reported by Nursing professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: this is a cross-sectional and analytical study conducted with Nursing professionals from all Brazilian regions. Sociodemographic data, working conditions and questions about sleep disorders were collected. The Poisson regression model with repeated measures was used to estimate the Relative Risk. Results: 572 answers were analyzed, which revealed that non-ideal sleep duration, poor sleep quality and dreams about the work environment were predominant during the pandemic, with 75.2%, 67.1% and 66.8% respectively; as well as complaints of difficulty sleeping, daytime sleepiness and non-restorative sleep during the pandemic were reported by 523 (91.4%), 440 (76.9%) and 419 (73.2%) of the Nursing professionals, respectively. The relative risk of having such sleep disorders during the pandemic was significant for all variables and categories studied. Conclusion: non-ideal sleep duration, poor sleep quality, dreams about the work environment, complaints regarding difficulty sleeping, daytime sleepiness and non-restorative sleep were the predominant sleep disorders among Nursing professionals during the pandemic. Such findings point to possible consequences on health, as well as on the quality of the work performed.


Resumo Objetivo: analisar os fatores relacionados às alterações no sono relatadas pelos profissionais de enfermagem durante a pandemia de COVID-19. Método: trata-se de um estudo transversal e analítico, realizado com profissionais de enfermagem de todas as regiões do Brasil. Foram coletados dados de caracterização sociodemográfica, condições de trabalho e questões sobre alterações de sono. Para estimar o Risco Relativo foi utilizado o modelo de regressão de Poisson com medidas repetidas. Resultados: foram analisadas 572 respostas, as quais revelaram que a duração não ideal do sono, a má qualidade do sono e os sonhos com o ambiente de trabalho foram predominantes durante a pandemia, com 75,2%, 67,1% e 66,8% respectivamente, assim como as queixas de dificuldade ao dormir, sonolência diurna e sono não restaurador durante a pandemia foram relatadas por 523 (91,4%), 440 (76,9%) e 419 (73,2%) dos profissionais de enfermagem, respectivamente. O risco relativo de apresentar tais alterações de sono, durante a pandemia foi significativo para todas as variáveis e as categorias estudadas. Conclusão: duração não ideal do sono, má qualidade do sono, sonhos com o ambiente de trabalho, queixas de dificuldade ao dormir, sonolência diurna e sono não restaurador foram as alterações do sono predominantes entre os profissionais de enfermagem durante a pandemia. Estes achados apontam para possíveis consequências na saúde, bem como na qualidade do trabalho realizado.


Resumen Objetivo: analizar los factores relacionados con los trastornos del sueño que informaron los profesionales de enfermería durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: se trata de un estudio transversal y analítico realizado con profesionales de enfermería de todas las regiones de Brasil. Se recolectaron datos sobre caracterización sociodemográfica, condiciones de trabajo y preguntas sobre trastornos del sueño. Para estimar el Riesgo Relativo se utilizó el modelo de regresión de Poisson con medidas repetidas. Resultados: se analizaron 572 respuestas, que revelaron que durante la pandemia predominaron la duración del sueño no ideal, la mala calidad del sueño y los sueños sobre el ambiente laboral, con 75,2%, 67,1% y 66,8% respectivamente, además 523 (91,4%), 440 (76,9%) y 419 (73,2%) profesionales de enfermería manifestaron quejas de dificultad para conciliar el sueño, somnolencia diurna y sueño no reparador durante la pandemia, respectivamente. El riesgo relativo de padecer trastornos del sueño durante la pandemia fue significativo para todas las variables y categorías estudiadas. Conclusión: la duración del sueño no ideal, la mala calidad del sueño, los sueños sobre el ambiente laboral, las quejas de dificultad para conciliar el sueño, la somnolencia diurna y el sueño no reparador fueron los trastornos del sueño predominantes en los profesionales de enfermería durante la pandemia. Estos hallazgos indican posibles consecuencias para la salud, así como para la calidad del trabajo realizado.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/etiología , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , COVID-19/epidemiología , Enfermeras Practicantes
4.
Syst Rev ; 12(1): 222, 2023 11 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37993931

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Medication adherence has a major impact on reducing mortality and healthcare costs related to the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. Selecting the best patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) among the many available for this kind of patient is extremely important. This study aims to critically assess, compare and synthesize the quality of the measurement properties of patient-reported outcome measures to assess medication adherence among patients with cardiovascular diseases and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This review followed the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) guidelines and was reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). The searches were performed in Web of Science, SCOPUS, PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS, PsycINFO, and ProQuest (gray literature). RESULTS: A total of 110 records encompassing 27 different PROMs were included in the review. The included records were published between 1986 and 2023, most of which reported studies conducted in the United States and were published in English. None of the PROMs were classified in the category "a", thus being recommended for use due to the quality of its measurement properties. The PROMs that should not be recommended for use (category "c") are the MTA, GMAS, DMAS-7, MALMAS, ARMS-D, and 5-item questionnaire. The remaining PROMs, e.g., MMAS-8, SMAQ, MEDS, MNPS, ARMS-12, MGT, MTA-OA, MTA-Insulin, LMAS-14, MARS-5, A-14, ARMS-10, IADMAS, MAQ, MMAS-5, ProMAS, ARMS-7, 3-item questionnaire, AS, 12-item questionnaire, and Mascard were considered as having the potential to be recommended for use (category "b"). CONCLUSION: None of the included PROMs met the criteria for being classified as trusted and recommended for use for patients with cardiovascular diseases and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, 21 PROMs have the potential to be recommended for use, but further studies are needed to ensure their quality based on the COSMIN guideline for systematic reviews of PROMs. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019129109.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/tratamiento farmacológico , Medición de Resultados Informados por el Paciente , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Psicometría
5.
Pharmacol Res Perspect ; 11(6): e01113, 2023 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37897150

RESUMEN

Although self-report instruments are currently considered a valuable tool for measuring adherence, due to their low cost and ease of implementation, there are still important factors that impact measurement accuracy, such as social desirability and memory bias. Thus, the Global Assessment of Medication Adherence Instrument (GEMA) was developed to provide an accurate measure of this construct. The aim of this study was to evaluate the properties of the measurement of the Global Evaluation of Medication Adherence Instrument (GEMA) among patients with chronic diseases. A methodological study was conducted in the public hospital of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The adherence to anticoagulants as well as the international normalized ratio (INR) was assessed on 127 patients. Besides GEMA, two other instruments were used to assess adherence: the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 (MMAS-8) and the Measurement of Adhesion to Treatments (MAT). The GEMA presented a satisfactory level of specificity (0.76) to identify adherents among those with a stable INR, low sensitivity (0.43) for the identification of non-adherents among those with an unstable INR, and a Positive Predictive Value of 0.70. Positive and weak to moderate correlations were observed between the proportion of doses assessed with GEMA and the scores on the MMAS-8 (r = .26 and r = .22, respectively) and the MAT (r = .22 and r = .30, respectively). The GEMA presented good practicality, acceptability, and evidence of specificity regarding the stability of the INR. The validity of the construct was partially supported by the relationship with self-reported measures of adherence.


Asunto(s)
Anticoagulantes , Cumplimiento de la Medicación , Humanos , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Brasil , Anticoagulantes/uso terapéutico
6.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 31: e3795, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36888791

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: to analyze the factors related to sleep disorders reported by Nursing professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: this is a cross-sectional and analytical study conducted with Nursing professionals from all Brazilian regions. Sociodemographic data, working conditions and questions about sleep disorders were collected. The Poisson regression model with repeated measures was used to estimate the Relative Risk. RESULTS: 572 answers were analyzed, which revealed that non-ideal sleep duration, poor sleep quality and dreams about the work environment were predominant during the pandemic, with 75.2%, 67.1% and 66.8% respectively; as well as complaints of difficulty sleeping, daytime sleepiness and non-restorative sleep during the pandemic were reported by 523 (91.4%), 440 (76.9%) and 419 (73.2%) of the Nursing professionals, respectively. The relative risk of having such sleep disorders during the pandemic was significant for all variables and categories studied. CONCLUSION: non-ideal sleep duration, poor sleep quality, dreams about the work environment, complaints regarding difficulty sleeping, daytime sleepiness and non-restorative sleep were the predominant sleep disorders among Nursing professionals during the pandemic. Such findings point to possible consequences on health, as well as on the quality of the work performed.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Trastornos de Somnolencia Excesiva , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia , Humanos , Pandemias , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , COVID-19/epidemiología , Sueño , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/epidemiología , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/etiología
7.
Rev Bras Med Trab ; 21(3): e20231109, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38313788

RESUMEN

Introduction: During the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, uninterrupted manufacture of products for domestic or health care purposes presupposed initiatives to control transmission in the work environment. Objectives: This study analyzed data collected in a multinational chemical company between 2020 and 2022 through its COVID-19 contact tracing system, determining the association between work variables, personal protective equipment use, emotional distress symptoms, and diagnostic confirmation of COVID-19. Methods: This correlational, cross-sectional study analyzed a company database of reports of suspected cases between June 2020 and January 2022. Descriptive analysis was performed, and the chi-square test was used to study the associations between the variables, with a significance level of 5%. Results: Of the 4206 total reports, 1190 diagnoses of COVID-19 were confirmed. The following variables were associated with infection: age over 40 years, being symptomatic, being a remote worker, and reporting difficulties with emotional control. Conclusions: The results identified the potential of on-the-job education activities, as well as that control and prevention measures protected worker health, and that worker mental health should be monitored.


Introdução: O trabalho ininterrupto de profissionais que atuaram na produção de insumos para uso doméstico ou para a assistência à saúde pressupôs ações para o controle da transmissão do SARS-CoV-2 no ambiente de trabalho e, assim, prevenir o adoecimento dos trabalhadores. Objetivos: Descrever os dados resultantes do rastreamento de contatos para covid-19; identificar condições de sofrimento emocional no período de 2020-2022; e verificar a associação entre variáveis laborais, uso de equipamento de proteção individual, sintomas de sofrimento emocional e a confirmação diagnóstica de covid-19 em trabalhadores de uma indústria química multinacional. Métodos: Estudo correlacional, de corte transversal. Foi analisado um banco de dados composto pelos registros de casos suspeitos entre junho de 2020 e janeiro de 2022 de uma empresa multinacional. Foi realizada análise descritiva e, para estudar as associações entre as variáveis, foram aplicados os testes qui-quadrado, sendo considerado um nível de significância igual a 5%. Resultados: Dos 4.206 registros realizados, 1.190 respostas apresentaram resultado positivo de covid-19. Profissionais maiores de 40 anos, sintomáticos, em atividade remota e que declaram dificuldades para controlar sentimentos apresentaram maior positividade para covid-19. Conclusões: Identificou-se a potencialidade das atividades de educação em serviço presencial e que a fiscalização de medidas de controle e prevenção protegeu a saúde do trabalhador. Em relação à saúde mental, os resultados indicaram a necessidade de acompanhamento dos trabalhadores para identificar potenciais agravos e sofrimentos mentais decorrentes da pandemia.

8.
J Nurs Res ; 30(4): e218, 2022 Aug 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674665

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic may trigger sleep disorders and burnout in nursing professionals. PURPOSE: This study was designed to describe the occurrence of sleep disorders and burnout in a nursing team during the COVID-19 pandemic and to identify the associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional approach was used. The questionnaire was administered via the Internet. All of the participants were nursing professionals who had provided care during the COVID-19 pandemic, and data were collected between June and August 2020. Sociodemographic and work characterization instruments, the Jenkins Sleep Scale, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory were used. RESULTS: Five hundred seventy-two nursing professionals (nurses, nursing technicians, and nursing assistants) responded. Slightly over one quarter (26.4%) presented a sleep disorder, and 17.3% presented burnout. Professional category was a factor found to be associated with having a sleep disorder. Moreover, a lower prevalence both of disorders and of starting to use sleep medication was found among nurses than nursing assistants. Moreover, an association was found between having a high level of emotional exhaustion burnout and being a nursing technician, having a higher number of patients needing care, and starting to use sleep medication. The level of burnout related to depersonalization was significantly higher for nursing assistants, those with a weekly workload of 50 hours or more, and those starting to use sleep medication. Furthermore, burnout related to personal accomplishment was significantly higher in those starting to use sleep medication. Among the participants with sleep disorders, according to Jenkins Sleep Scale results, all of the participants presented a high or moderate level of emotional exhaustion and a high level of burnout related to personal accomplishment. CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The findings indicate that the incidence of sleep disorders and burnout were high among nursing professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic and mainly related with starting to use sleep medication. The results demonstrate the importance of detecting and assessing the frequency of sleep disorders and professional exhaustion. Interventions that aim to improve sleep quality and working conditions for these professionals should be developed.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Asistentes de Enfermería , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Humanos , Pandemias , Sueño , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
9.
Enferm Clin (Engl Ed) ; 32(3): 195-202, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35690430

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: the aim of this study was to determine whether symptoms of insomnia and intensity of stressful life events are independently associated with depressive symptoms in community-dwelling hypertensive older adults. METHODS: this was an observational cross-sectional study. Participants were 438 older adults with arterial hypertension who completed questionnaires about depressive symptoms, stressful events, self-reported symptoms of insomnia and socio-demographic characteristics. Cluster analysis was performed to obtain groups according to insomnia symptoms. The following groups were identified: Poor Sleep Quality, Early Waking and Good Sleep Quality. Associations were tested using linear regression analysis and multiple Poisson regression analysis. RESULTS: The factors that independently contributed to the increase of depressive symptoms were belonging to the Poor Sleep Quality group (p<.001) and Early Waking group (p=.005), reporting higher intensity of stressful life events (p<.001) and having less schooling (p=.003). CONCLUSION: older adults with hypertension need a comprehensive approach to their health care that considers depressive symptoms and their relationship with intensity of stressful events, insomnia symptoms and schooling.


Asunto(s)
Hipertensión , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/etiología , Humanos , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/etiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Geriatr Nurs ; 46: 62-68, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35609433

RESUMEN

This study analyzed factors associated with survival and mortality risk of community-dwelling older adults, considering the intensity of stressful life events, depressive symptoms, insomnia, frailty, multimorbidity, and sociodemographic factors. This is a longitudinal study on survival of older adults interviewed between 2008-2009, with follow-up after 8 years. Survival and mortality risks were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier curve, Log Rank test, and Cox proportional-hazards model (p < 0.05). Stressful events affecting older adults' children or grandchildren were associated with higher mortality risk; depressive symptoms and frailty were associated with lower survival. Comprehensive care for older adults must involve events regarding their family relationships, especially those affecting their progeny, due to the impact they can have on older adults' survival, besides evaluating depressive symptoms and frailty.


Asunto(s)
Fragilidad , Anciano , Depresión , Anciano Frágil , Fragilidad/diagnóstico , Humanos , Vida Independiente , Estudios Longitudinales
11.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 31: e20220028, 2022. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1410262

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess the psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of Quality of Care Through the Patient's Eyes - HIV (QUOTE-HIV). Method: this methodological study consisted of verifying and assessing convergent and structural validity and estimating the reliability of the instrument's translated and culturally adapted version. It was conducted in an HIV/AIDS referral center between August and November 2016 and included 141 participants. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed to assess structural construct validity, while Cronbach's alpha and composite reliability were performed to assess the internal consistency of each domain and estimate the instrument's reliability. Convergent construct validity was verified using Spearman's coefficient correlation. Results: QUOTE-HIV is structured on two components, Importance and Performance; hence, two models were generated at the end of the factor analysis, one for each component. Both models were statistically validated and presented satisfactory reliability parameters. Regarding convergent validity, positive and significant correlations were found between the scores obtained by the QUOTE-HIV domains and the Newcastle Satisfaction with Nursing Scales (NSNS), except for the performance domain in the importance component. Conclusion: QUOTE-HIV Brazilian version presented evidence of reliability, adequate internal consistency, and validity according to the convergent and structural construct validity methods adopted.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar las propiedades de medida de la versión brasileña del Quality of Care Through the Patient's Eyes - HIV (QUOTE-HIV). Método: estudio metodológico que consistió en la verificación y evaluación de la validez de constructo convergente y estructural y en la estimativa de la confiabilidad del instrumento traducido y adaptado culturalmente. Fue realizado en un centro de referencia para HIV/SIDA en el período de agosto a noviembre de 2016 y contó con la participación de 141 sujetos. Para evaluar la validez de constructo estructural, se aplicó análisis factorial confirmatorio. Para estimar la confiabilidad, fue evaluada la consistencia interna de cada dominio del instrumento por medio del Alpha de Cronbach y de la confiabilidad compuesta. La validez de constructo convergente fue verificada por medio del coeficiente de correlación de Spearman. Resultados: como el instrumento QUOTE-HIV está estructurado en dos partes, importancia y desempeño, fueron generados dos modelos al final del análisis factorial, un para cada parte, ambos validados estadísticamente. En las dos partes fueron observados valores de confiabilidad satisfactorios. En relación a la validez convergente, fueron observadas correlaciones positivas significativas entre los puntajes de los dominios del QUOTE-HIV y el puntaje total del Newcastle Satisfaction with Nursing Scales (NSNS), excepto para el dominio desempeño del profesional en el componente importancia. Conclusión: la versión brasileña del QUOTE-HIV presentó evidencias de confiabilidad, con adecuada consistencia interna y validez, de acuerdo con los métodos de validez de constructo convergente y estructural empleados.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar as propriedades de medida da versão brasileira do Quality of Care Through the Patient's Eyes - HIV (QUOTE-HIV). Método: estudo metodológico que consistiu na verificação e avaliação da validade de construto convergente e estrutural e na estimativa da confiabilidade de instrumento traduzido e adaptado culturalmente. Foi realizado em um centro de referência para HIV/AIDS no período de agosto a novembro de 2016 e contou com a participação de 141 sujeitos. Para avaliar a validade de construto estrutural, aplicou-se análise fatorial confirmatória. Para estimar a confiabilidade, foi avaliada a consistência interna de cada domínio do instrumento por meio do Alpha de Cronbach e da confiabilidade composta. A validade de construto convergente foi verificada por meio do coeficiente de correlação de Spearman. Resultados: como o instrumento QUOTE-HIV está estruturado em duas partes, importância e desempenho, foram gerados dois modelos ao final da análise fatorial, um para cada parte, ambos validados estatisticamente. Em ambas as partes foram observados valores de confiabilidade satisfatórios. Em relação à validade convergente, foram observadas correlações positivas significativas entre os escores dos domínios do QUOTE-HIV e o escore total do Newcastle Satisfaction with Nursing Scales (NSNS), exceto para o domínio desempenho do profissional no componente importância. Conclusão: a versão brasileira do QUOTE-HIV apresentou evidências de confiabilidade, com adequada consistência interna e validade, de acordo com os métodos de validade de construto convergente e estrutural empregados.

12.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 23: e80535, 2022. tab, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1394572

RESUMEN

RESUMO Objetivo analisar as alterações clínicas no processo de amamentação em uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal por meio da Classificação dos Resultados de Enfermagem. Métodos estudo longitudinal e prospectivo realizado na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal de um hospital público no Brasil. A amostra foi composta por 61 binômios mãe-bebê avaliados três vezes durante a amamentação por enfermeiras treinadas que aplicaram as escalas da Classificação dos Resultados de Enfermagem. A análise estatística foi realizada utilizando Modelos de Equações de Estimativa Generalizada. Resultados a maioria dos indicadores dos dois Resultados de Enfermagem estudados apresentou frequência semelhante de escores 4 e 5. Observou-se que, na maioria dos indicadores, houve alterações clínicas ao longo das avaliações e ao longo do tempo, porém, os indicadores relacionados à mãe apresentaram maior risco de pontuar 4 e 5 na escala Likert. Conclusão os resultados e indicadores da Classificação dos Resultados de Enfermagem incluídos foram capazes de avaliar com sucesso a evolução clínica dos binômios mãe-bebê e mostraram-se aplicáveis para uso em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal. Contribuições para a prática os enfermeiros poderão utilizar os indicadores para avaliar a qualidade das intervenções propostas.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze clinical changes in the breastfeeding process in the Neonatal Intensive Unit Care using the Nursing Outcomes Classification. Methods this longitudinal and prospective study was conducted in a public hospital at Neonatal Intensive Unit Care in Brazil. The sample consisted of 61 mother-infant dyads evaluated three times during breastfeeding by trained nurses who applied the Nursing Outcomes Classification scales. Statistical analysis was performed using Generalized Estimating Equation Models. Results most indicators of the two Nursing Outcomes studied presented a similar frequency of scores of 4 and 5. It was observed that in most indicators, there were clinical changes throughout the evaluations over time; however, the indicators related to the mother presented a higher risk of scoring 4 and 5 on the Likert scale. Conclusion the Nursing Outcomes Classification outcomes and indicators included successfully evaluated the clinical evolution of mother-infant dyads and proved to be applicable for use in Neonatal Intensive Unit Care. Contributions to practice: nurses can use the indicators to assess the quality of the proposed interventions.

13.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0256851, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449831

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with tachyarrhythmia can be negatively influenced by the clinical manifestations. The evaluation of HRQOL with validated instruments can provide valuable information that will contribute to clinical decision-making and treatment. In Brazil, however, there is no available scale that evaluates HRQOL in different types of arrhythmia. The purpose of this study was to adapt the Arrhythmia-Specific Questionnaire in Tachycardia and Arrhythmia-HRQOL scale (ASTA-HRQOL scale) to the Brazilian culture, and to assess the psychometric properties of the adapted questionnaire. METHODS: The study used a methodological process of cultural adaptation based on international literature guidelines. The analyses were performed with 172 participants, 32 for cultural adaptation and 140 for psychometric validation. Calculation included analysis of reliability by Cronbach's α coefficient, construct validity with convergent validity using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire and by the Spearman correlation coefficient, Average Variance Extracted, and assessment of confirmatory factor analysis. RESULTS: The translation and adaptation processes showed a satisfactory degree of comprehension and applicability (93% reported them to be easy to understand). Confirmatory factor analysis indicated exclusion of one item from the mental scale, but after qualitative analysis the item was retained. The items presented adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.88), and an inverse correlation of moderate magnitude with the physical domain (rho = -0.63) and with the mental domain (rho = -0.58) of the WHOQOL-BREF. CONCLUSIONS: The Brazilian Portuguese version of the ASTA-HRQOL scale, the ASTA-Br-HRQOL scale, can be a valuable tool for use in clinical practice and research.


Asunto(s)
Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Taquicardia/diagnóstico , Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiología , Arritmias Cardíacas/patología , Brasil/epidemiología , Humanos , Lenguaje , Calidad de Vida , Taquicardia/epidemiología , Taquicardia/patología
14.
Syst Rev ; 10(1): 202, 2021 07 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238365

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The pharmacological treatment of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus reduces the risk of cardiovascular events.; however, most patients do not adhere to the treatment. There are several self-reported measures for assessing medication adherence. Identifying the instruments with the best psychometric evidence is essential for selecting an accurate measure. The aim of this study is to critically assess, compare and synthesize the quality of the measurement properties of patient-reported outcome measures to access medication adherence among patients with cardiovascular diseases and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This protocol is reported according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) and the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) guidelines. The following databases will be searched: Web of Science, SCOPUS, PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS, PsycINFO and ProQuest. DISCUSSION: This review will provide a detailed assessment of the measurement properties of self-reported medication adherence instruments in patients with cardiovascular diseases and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus to support clinical practice and research. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019129109.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/tratamiento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Cumplimiento de la Medicación , Metaanálisis como Asunto , Psicometría , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto
15.
Wound Repair Regen ; 29(3): 443-451, 2021 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591645

RESUMEN

This systematic review determined the effectiveness of the Unna boot in the treatment of venous leg ulcers (VLUs) by assessing the quality of the available evidence. A systematic search of studies published between August 2019 and February 2020 was conducted using the PubMed, PubMed/PMC, BVS/BIREME, CINAHL, Web of Science, MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, ProQuest, BDTD, CAPES Thesis and Dissertation, OPEN THESIS, Centre for Reviews and Dissemination and SciELO databases. Studies were eligible if they reported primary studies, controlled clinical trials, quasi-experimental studies or observational studies (cross-sectional studies or cohort studies). We identified 302 articles. After screening and critical appraisal, eight articles were included in this review, while six articles were included in the meta-analysis. Four studies were included in the outcome of complete ulcer healing rate with a weighted estimate of the odds ratio of 0.43 (95% CI = 0.188-1.01). No evidence of the presence of considerable heterogeneity was observed (p = 0.35, I2 = 32%). Two studies were assigned to the outcome time to complete ulcer healing (days) with a weighted estimated mean difference of 41.3 days (95% CI = 21.62-61.04). Evidence of the presence of considerable heterogeneity was observed (p = 0.01, I2 = 85%). The results showed a moderate degree of evidence that there is no difference in the healing rates of VLUs with the use of the Unna boot. For the time to complete ulcer healing, the low number of studies and low classification impaired the reporting at any level of evidence.


Asunto(s)
Úlcera Varicosa , Cicatrización de Heridas , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Úlcera Varicosa/terapia
16.
Rev Bras Med Trab ; 18(2): 114-124, 2020 Dec 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33324452

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal and mental disorders are relevant in the workers' disease process, and ergonomic interventions that include guidance and physical exercise consist of strategies of health promotion. Integrative and complementary practices are presented as a possibility of promoting comprehensive care and yoga consists of a therapeutic alternative. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of an intervention including educational measures and hatha yoga in musculoskeletal pain, disability, and stress in professionals of a university hospital. METHODS: We selected 125 professionals with musculoskeletal symptoms of intensity ≥ 1 who did not practice yoga and randomly assigned them to intervention (n = 63) and control (n = 62) groups, requesting answers to the following questionnaires: initial characterization, the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and a numeric scale, the Pain Disability Questionnaire, and the Perceived Stress Scale. The intervention group went through a 12-week program with educational measures and hatha yoga. At the end of the study period, both groups answered to the questionnaires once again. We compared data before and after the intervention and between groups. RESULTS: Both groups presented improvements after 12 weeks, but the difference between mean results obtained in the first and second data collections revealed that the levels of pain, disability, and stress decreased more strongly in the intervention group than in the control group. Considering that the intervention group began the program in worse clinical conditions, the program led to a reduction in the difference between groups, but this was not enough for the intervention group to reach better results than the control. CONCLUSIONS: The intervention promoted improvements in the intensity of pain, disability, and stress among the participants of the intervention group. Similar programs could be explored in the promotion of occupational health.

17.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(4): e20190159, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578739

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: to construct and validate an instrument for the classification of mother-baby binomials that subsidizes personnel Staffing in in-rooming units. METHOD: methodological study. The construction was based on theoretical and legal references. Content validity was performed by experts through the content validity index measurement. Then, the instrument was applied to a sample of 122 binomials, and exploratory factor analysis was performed using the principal components analysis. RESULTS: the instrument consisted of seven care indicators: Birth route; Maternal morbidity; Neonatal morbidity; Breastfeeding; Social aggravating factors; Care guidance; and interaction and bonding. All with content validity index of 1. The construct was composed of 3 domains, with Cronbach's alpha of 0.62, 0.85 and 0.89. CONCLUSIONS: the classification instrument of mother-baby binomials allows the classification of mother-baby binomials and may support personnel Staffing in in-rooming units.


Asunto(s)
Personal de Enfermería/clasificación , Obstetricia/instrumentación , Admisión y Programación de Personal/clasificación , Humanos , Personal de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Obstetricia/métodos , Admisión y Programación de Personal/estadística & datos numéricos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Recursos Humanos/clasificación , Recursos Humanos/normas , Recursos Humanos/estadística & datos numéricos
18.
Comput Biol Med ; 120: 103744, 2020 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32421649

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To automatically identify patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) who have high risk of developing diabetic foot, via an unsupervised machine learning technique. METHODS: We collected a new database containing 54 known risk factors from 250 patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. The database also contained a separate validation cohort composed of 73 subjects, where the perceived risk was annotated by expert nurses. A competitive neuron layer-based method was used to automatically split training data into two risk groups. RESULTS: We found that one of the groups was composed of patients with higher risk of developing diabetic foot. The dominant variables that described group membership via our method agreed with the findings from other studies, and indicated a greater risk for developing such a condition. Our method was validated on the available test data, reaching 71% sensitivity, 100% specificity, and 90% accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: Unsupervised learning may be deployed to screen patients with diabetes mellitus, pointing out high-risk individuals who require priority follow-up in the prevention of diabetic foot with very high accuracy. The proposed method is automatic and does not require clinical examinations to perform risk assessment, being solely based on the information of a questionnaire answered by patients. Our study found that discriminant variables for predicting risk group membership are highly correlated with expert opinion.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Pie Diabético , Pie Diabético/epidemiología , Humanos , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
Int J Nurs Knowl ; 31(2): 134-144, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411388

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To clinically validate indicators of the nursing outcomes "Breastfeeding establishment: Infant (1000)" and "Breastfeeding establishment: maternal (1001)", and their conceptual and operational definitions in infants admitted to a neonatal unit and their mothers. METHOD: This study utilized several methods in a stepwise approach including an integrative review of the literature, content validation, and clinical validation. The content validity index was performed by eight experts, who evaluated revised content of the studied nursing outcomes. In the clinical validation, 61 mother-infant dyads were evaluated by two pairs of nurses: one pair used an instrument with developed definitions, whereas the other used an instrument without definitions. The evaluations were compared using Fleiss' kappa and weighted kappa. RESULTS: The agreement between all evaluators was considered excellent for almost all nursing outcome indicators related to the mothers. The pair of evaluators using the definitions had an agreement greater than 0.80 for most indicators. For the pair that did not use the definitions, agreement was poor. CONCLUSION: There was an increase in uniformity and accuracy between the assessments when using the conceptual and operational definitions for the nursing outcome indicators related to Breastfeeding establishment. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: This study contributed to the development of terms within the Nursing Outcomes Classification, and enriched the body of nursing knowledge.


Asunto(s)
Lactancia Materna , Enfermería , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Terminología Normalizada de Enfermería
20.
Health Care Women Int ; 41(7): 761-776, 2020 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580777

RESUMEN

We used the questionnaire "Mosaic of Opinions on Induced Abortion" to conduct a multi-centered study to evaluate the perspectives of physicians, nurses, social workers, psychologists and pharmacists on the morality of abortion. In all, 254 participants constituted the sample. The inadequate knowledge on Brazilian abortion laws was the only determinant negatively associated with the construct "Sexual and Reproductive Rights", corroborating the hypothesis that a better understanding of abortion legislation could mitigate the opposition of some professionals to the ethical perspective that access to safe abortion should be seen as a sexual and reproductive right.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Personal de Salud/psicología , Principios Morales , Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos , Aborto Inducido/legislación & jurisprudencia , Adulto , Brasil , Servicios de Planificación Familiar , Femenino , Hospitales Públicos , Humanos , Masculino , Embarazo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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