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1.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 48(2): 137-148, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Turco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147651

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine and present the effect of statin treatment on the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level of patients in Turkey by evaluating the data of studies conducted in the country. METHODS: Manuscripts published between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2017 with terms 'LDL' and 'TURK' in the title or abstract and reporting LDL cholesterol data of patients treated with statins were evaluated for inclusion in the study. From the initial search result a total of 1795 papers, 39 manuscripts with 63 study arms were selected for analysis and the data of 3486 patients were included. Descriptive analysis was used to assess the data. Weighted averages of the data were also calculated. RESULTS: The female/male ratio was 42/58. The mean age was 52.9±10.1 years. The proportion of patients with the recommended LDL cholesterol level of <70 mg/dL after treatment with statins was 15.3%;. In all, 10.2% of the patients who were prescribed a low-dose statin and 28.0% of those who were prescribed a high-dose statin had an LDL cholesterol of <70 mg/dL after treatment. Among patients who were being treated with statins for ≤2 months, 25.7% achieved an LDL cholesterol level of <70 mg/dL. Among those who were being treated with statins for 2-4 months and >4 months the proportion was 11.4% and 9.7%, respectively. The percentage of patients at the target level was 21.8%, 21.7%, 17.9%;, 8.6%, and 0.8% among those using atorvastatin, simvastatin, rosuvastatin, fluvastatin, and pravastatin, respectively. CONCLUSION: In Turkey, only 15% of the patients who had received statin therapy had a LDL cholesterol level of <70 mg/dL. Revision of the current treatment should be considered to reach the target levels recommended in the guidelines, especially for patients with high cardiovascular risk.

2.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140812

RESUMEN

Ischemic stroke is the major complication of atrial fibrillation (AF) and only proven preventive therapy is oral anticoagulant therapy (OAC). Previous studies reported the presence of thrombus in the left atrium (LA) or left atrial appendage (LAA) despite anticoagulant therapy. We aim to investigate the predictors of LA/LAA thrombus in patients under OAC therapy and long-term clinical impact of thrombus. We prospectively enrolled consecutive patients with permanent AF under OAC therapy. Patients baseline characteristics were recorded. Transesophageal echocardiographic study performed after complete transthoracic echocardiographic study. 3-D evaluation of LAA was made using 3-D zoom mode and thrombus was defined when echo reflecting, mobile mass detected. Patients clinical outcomes were decided according to hospital records or via phone calls. Among 184 patients, 28 LAT were detected. Mean CHA2DS2-VASc score was significantly higher in patients with LAT in comparison to patients without LAT. CHA2DS2-VASc score (p: 0.001), left atrial volume (p: 0.001), left atrial flow velocity (p: 0.006) and left ventricular ejection fraction (p: 0.014) were independently associated with LAT. Among the parameters in CHA2DS2-VASc score, the previous history of stroke and age were independently related to LAT. After 12 months of follow-up, patients with LAT had more ischemic stroke than patients without LAT (7.1% vs 4.4%, p: 0.001 respectively). Although oral anticoagulation is the default treatment strategy for prevention of LAT and thromboembolism in patients with non-valvular AF, LAT still can be detected especially in patients with a high CHA2DS2-VASc score. Furthermore, the presence of LAT is significantly associated with future ischemic stroke.

3.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2019 Dec 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860556

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Since coronary artery disease (CAD) is a slow progressive disease, management and appropriate follow-up of patients with nonobstructive coronary artery disease (NOCAD) remains challenging, and there are no clear guidelines recommending a follow-up strategy and indications for repeat invasive coronary angiography (ICA). We investigated the predictors of the development of obstructive CAD in patients with previously diagnosed NOCAD. METHODS: We prospectively included 186 patients who previously received a diagnosis of NOCAD with invasive coronary angiogram and underwent repeat ICA. Patients' demographics, clinical characteristics, biochemical analyses were recorded. Obstructive CAD is defined as >50% luminal narrowing in any epicardial coronary artery with a diameter of >2 mm. RESULTS: A total of 186 patients (105 male) were assigned into our study. Mean age was 64.77 ± 10.31 in patients with obstructive CAD (n = 60) vs. 61.87 ± 9.94 in NOCAD patients (n = 126) (P value: 0.068). The median time interval between index and follow-up coronary angiograms was 8 (5-10) years. There was no significant difference between groups with respect to LDL and Hs-CRP levels (P value: 461 and 354, respectively). Although patients with obstructive CAD have more comorbidities, multivariate analyses revealed that there was no significant difference between groups. On the contrary, the total number of risk factors were significantly associated with the development of obstructive CAD during follow-up. Receiver operating characteristic analyses revealed with a cut-off value of 3.5 risk factors, the sensitivity of 71%, the specificity of 61% and the area under the curve was 0.71 for prediction of obstructive CAD. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that no single risk factor alone is related with development of obstructive CAD; however, patients with high number of multiple risk factors are more prone to develop obstructive disease and require closer follow-up.

4.
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol ; : e12718, 2019 Oct 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603280

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although previous studies reported frequent premature atrial contractions(fPACs) increased the risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes, especially atrial fibrillation(AF), there is a substantial inconsistency between reports concerning the definition of fPAC. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between fPAC and cardiovascular outcomes, especially AF. We further searched for a cutoff value of fPAC for prediction of AF. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the ambulatory 24-hr Holter monitoring records and 392 patients included. Frequent PAC was defined as more than 720 PAC/24 hr as used for frequent ventricular premature beats. Patients' baseline characteristics, echocardiographic variables and medical history were recorded. RESULTS: There were 189 patients with fPAC and 203 patients without fPAC. Patients with fPAC had more comorbidities in terms of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure. CHA2DS2-VaSc was higher in patients with fPAC. Mean follow-up duration was 31 months, and the number of patients with new-onset AF during follow-up was significantly higher in fPAC group (22% vs. 5%, p < .001). fPAC was significantly and independently associated with new-onset AF and predicted AF with a cutoff value of 3,459 PAC/24 hr, and the risk of AF was 11-fold higher than those with <3,000 PAC/24 hr. In addition, an increased CHA2DS2-VaSc score was also associated with new-onset atrial fibrillation. CONCLUSION: In our study, we have demonstrated that fPAC is significantly associated with new-onset AF, and this association is the strongest among those patients who have more than 3,000 PAC in 24 hr.

5.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(16): 1553-1561, 2019 Aug 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439336

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The study sought to evaluate the effect of dabigatran dual therapy versus warfarin triple therapy across categories of renal function in the RE-DUAL PCI (Randomized Evaluation of Dual Antithrombotic Therapy with Dabigatran versus Triple Therapy with Warfarin in Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention) trial. BACKGROUND: The RE-DUAL PCI (NCT02164864) trial of patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention reported that dabigatran dual therapy (110 or 150 mg twice daily, plus clopidogrel or ticagrelor) reduced the primary endpoint of major bleeding events (MBE) or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding events (CRNMBE) compared with warfarin triple therapy, with noninferiority in overall thromboembolic events. METHODS: Risk of a first MBE or CRNMBE and the composite of death or thromboembolic event (DTE) or unplanned revascularization were evaluated in 2,725 patients according to baseline creatinine clearance (CrCl) categories: 30 to <50, 50 to <80, and ≥80 ml/min. RESULTS: Compared with warfarin, dabigatran 110 mg dual therapy reduced risk of MBE or CRNMBE across all categories of CrCl (p for interaction = 0.19). Dabigatran 150 mg dual therapy reduced risk of MBE or CRNMBE regardless of the CrCl category (p for interaction = 0.31). Risk of DTE or unplanned revascularization was similar to warfarin triple therapy for dabigatran 110 mg dual therapy across all CrCl categories. Dabigatran 150 mg dual therapy versus warfarin triple therapy had similar risk for DTE or unplanned revascularization in patients with CrCl 30 to <80 ml/min and lower risk at CrCl ≥80 ml/min (p for interaction = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: In the RE-DUAL PCI trial, dabigatran dual therapy reduced bleeding events versus warfarin triple therapy irrespective of renal function, with overall similar risks of thromboembolic events but lower risks with dabigatran 150 mg in patients with normal CrCl.

6.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 21(6): 322-330, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31142721

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Risk stratification continues to evolve in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Our aim was to further confirm the risk assessment strategy in our cohort and to determine the most reliable model. METHODS: We enrolled incident patients with idiopathic PAH (IPAH), heritable, drug-induced, congenital heart disease (CHD), connective tissue diseases (CTD) subsets, and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) from January 2008 to February 2018. Data from the baseline and subsequent follow-ups within 1 year of diagnosis were included. An abbreviated risk assessment strategy was applied using the following variables: functional class (FC), 6-minute walk distance (6 MWD), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) or BNP, right atrial (RA) area, pericardial effusion, the mean RA pressure, cardiac index, and mixed venous oxygen saturation. Three different methods were applied to categorize patients. RESULTS: A total of 189 subjects (46+-17 years, 23% male) were included. Sixty-one patients had died. The survival differed significantly between the risk groups both at diagnosis and during the follow-up. Patients with a low-risk profile had a better survival rate. An abbreviated risk assessment tool predicted mortality at early follow-up in the entire group and CHD, CTD subsets, and CTEPH, separately. An overall mortality among risk categories was significantly different according to each categorization method. The most reliable model comprised FC, 6 MWD, NT pro-BNP/BNP, and the RA area at the follow-up. CONCLUSION: The abbreviated risk assessment tool may be valid for the PAH subsets and CTEPH. Echocardiographic variables do matter. A model comprising FC, 6 MWD, NT pro-BNP/BNP, and the RA area at the follow-up could be useful for better prognostication.


Asunto(s)
Hipertensión Pulmonar/mortalidad , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Enfermedad Crónica , Estudios de Cohortes , Enfermedades del Tejido Conjuntivo/complicaciones , Ecocardiografía , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Cardiopatías Congénitas/complicaciones , Humanos , Hipertensión Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagen , Hipertensión Pulmonar/etiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Embolia Pulmonar/complicaciones , Medición de Riesgo , Tasa de Supervivencia , Turquia , Adulto Joven
7.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 21(5): 272-280, 2019 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31062761

RESUMEN

The corner stone of atrial fibrillation therapy includes the prevention of stroke with less adverse effects. The Global Anticoagulant Registry in the FIELD-Atrial Fibrillation (GARFIELD-AF) study provided data to compare treatment strategies in Turkey with other populations and every-day practice of stroke prevention management with complications. METHODS: GARFIELD-AF is a large-scale registry that enrolled 52,014 patients in five sequential cohorts at >1,000 centers in 35 countries.This study initiated to track the evolution of global anticoagulation practice, and to study the impact of NOAC therapy in AF. 756 patients from 17 enrolling sites in Turkey were in cohort 4 and 5.Treatment strategies at diagnosis initiated by CHA2DS2-VASc score, baseline characteristics of patients, treatment according to stroke and bleeding risk profiles, INR values were analyzed in cohorts.Also event rates during the first year follow up were evaluated. RESULTS: AF patients in Turkey were mostly seen in young women.Stroke risk according to the CHADS2 score and CHA2DS2-VASc score compared with world data. The mean of risk score values including HAS-BLED score were lower in Turkey than world data.The percentage of patients receiving FXa inhibitor with or without an antiplatelet usage was more than the other drug groups. All-cause mortality was higher in Turkey. Different form world data when HAS-BLED score was above 3, the therapy was mostly changed to antiplatelet drugs in Turkey. CONCLUSION: The data of GARFIELD-AF provide data from Turkey about therapeutic strategies, best practices also deficiencies in available treatment options, patient care and clinical outcomes of patients with AF.


Asunto(s)
Fibrilación Atrial , Accidente Cerebrovascular/epidemiología , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Anticoagulantes/administración & dosificación , Anticoagulantes/uso terapéutico , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Salud Global , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Pautas de la Práctica en Medicina , Estudios Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Factores Sexuales , Accidente Cerebrovascular/prevención & control , Turquia/epidemiología
9.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 45(Suppl 5): 86-88, 2017 Sep.
Artículo en Turco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28976390

RESUMEN

Anticoagulation indications do not differ between elderly and younger patients. However due to the changes with ageing some anticoagulants may increase the risk of bleeding. Therefore a dose adjustment might be needed for some anticoagulant drugs. Non-vitamin K antagonists are as safe and effective as vitamin K antagonists in the elderly.


Asunto(s)
Anticoagulantes , Administración Oral , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Anticoagulantes/administración & dosificación , Anticoagulantes/efectos adversos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapéutico , Hemorragia/inducido químicamente , Humanos , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inhibidores
10.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 18(4): 242-250, 2017 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29076824

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to evaluate the characteristics of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and adult cardiology practice patterns for PH in our country. METHODS: We evaluated preliminary survey data of 1501 patients with PH (females, 69%; age, 44.8±5.45) from 20 adult cardiology centers (AdCCs). RESULTS: The average experience of AdCCs in diagnosing and treating patients with PH was 8.5±3.7 years. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) was the most frequent group (69%) followed by group 4 PH (19%), group 3 PH (8%), and combined pre- and post-capillary PH (4%). PAH associated with congenital heart disease (APAH-CHD) was the most frequent subgroup (47%) of PAH. Most of the patients' functional class (FC) at the time of diagnosis was III. The right heart catheterization (RHC) rate was 11.9±11.6 per month. Most frequently used vasoreactivity agent was intravenous adenosine (60%). All patients under targeted treatments were periodically for FC, six-minute walking test, and echo measures at 3-month intervals. AdCCs repeated RHC in case of clinical worsening (CW). The annual rate of hospitalization was 14.9±19.5. In-hospital use of intravenous iloprost reported from 16 AdCCs in CWs. Bosentan and ambrisentan, as monotreatment or combination treatment (CT), were noted in 845 and 28 patients, respectively, and inhaled iloprost, subcutaneous treprostinil, and intravenous epoprostenol were noted in 283, 30, and four patients, respectively. Bosentan was the first agent used for CT in all AdCCs and iloprost was the second. Routine use of antiaggregant, anticoagulant, and pneumococcal and influenza prophylaxis were restricted in only two AdCCs. CONCLUSION: Our nationwide data illustrate the current status of PH regarding clinical characteristics and practice patterns.


Asunto(s)
Hipertensión Pulmonar/epidemiología , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertensión Pulmonar/mortalidad , Hipertensión Pulmonar/terapia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Sistema de Registros , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Turquia/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
11.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 17(6): 419-420, 2017 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28617293
14.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 17(3): 167, 2017 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28321107
16.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 45(1): 49-66, 2017 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28106020

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is the most prevalent modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to assess the effects of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blockade on CV outcomes. METHODS: This study was designed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systemic reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. Databases were searched for articles published as of December 2014. Two sets of studies were selected. One set included randomized clinical trials comparing RAAS blocker (angiotensin II receptor blocker [ARB] or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor [ACEI]) with placebo or active treatment. Second set included head-to-head randomized clinical trials comparing an ARB with an ACEI. Studies in both sets had reported any CV outcome parameter or death, i.e., all-cause mortality, CV mortality, emergence of CV events, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular event, stroke, heart failure, and hospitalization for heart failure. RESULTS: Fifty-four pairwise comparisons of 51 trials with 277,609 patients were included. Statistically significant differences in favor of RAAS blockers vs non-RAAS blockers (risk ratio [RR] ranging from 0.805 to 0.967) were observed in terms of most CV outcomes, including all-cause mortality, CV mortality, CV events, myocardial infarction, heart failure and stroke. ARBs and ACEIs were found to be completely comparable (RR ranging from 0.923 to 1.090, all non-significant). CONCLUSION: RAAS blockers are superior to medications other than RAAS blockers with respect to impact on CV outcomes in patients with hypertension. ARBs and ACEIs are comparable in terms of these outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Inhibidores de la Enzima Convertidora de Angiotensina/uso terapéutico , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/mortalidad , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Anciano , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/tratamiento farmacológico , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Resultado del Tratamiento , Turquia
17.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 17(1): 2-7, 2017 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27488755

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to analyze the prevalence of hyponatremia and related 1-year outcomes of patients hospitalized for decompensated heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) in Turkish patients. METHODS: A total of 500 hospitalized patients with HFrEF were consecutively included in a retrospective study at 19 participating hospitals. Patients were categorized according to their serum sodium levels (sNa) on admission day as normonatremic (135-145 mEq/L) and hyponatremic (<135 mEq/L). One-year all-cause mortality, re-hospitalization rates, and the impact of the changes in sNa at the time of discharge to clinical outcomes were examined. RESULTS: Hyponatremia was observed in 29% of patients. Patients with hyponatremia had lower blood pressures, creatinine clearance, and left ventricular ejection fraction and higher serum creatinine and BUN levels on admission compared with those with normonatremia. Hyponatremia was associated with higher 1-year all-cause mortality (14% vs. 2.6%, p<0.001) and re-hospitalization rates (46.9% vs. 33.7%, p=0.005). After adjustment for covariates, hyponatremia was independently associated with 1-year all-cause mortality (adjusted HR, 4.762; 95% CI, 1.941-11.764; p=0.001). At discharge, only 50.8% of hyponatremic patients were corrected to normonatremia (≥135 mEq/L). Those with persistent hyponatremia had the highest all-cause mortality (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: In this study, it is demonstrated that hyponatremia is relatively common and is associated with increased 1-year all-cause mortality and re-hospitalization rates among Turkish patients hospitalized with HFrEF. Approximately 50% of the patients with initial low sNa had persistent hyponatremia at discharge, and these patients had the worst clinical outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca/mortalidad , Hospitalización , Hiponatremia/epidemiología , Sodio/sangre , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/sangre , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/complicaciones , Humanos , Hiponatremia/sangre , Hiponatremia/complicaciones , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Volumen Sistólico , Análisis de Supervivencia , Turquia/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
18.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 16(12): 899, 2016 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28005021
19.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 16(11): 819, 2016 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27872441
20.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 16(10): 773, 2016 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27723674
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