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1.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0275933, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36223426

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Antenatal care (ANC) is imperative to decreasing adverse pregnancy outcomes and their related maternal mortality. However, in sub-Saharan Africa, increases in ANC coverage have not correlated well with improved maternal and fetal outcomes suggesting the quality of ANC received could be the missing link. This study assessed ANC quality and its effect on adverse pregnancy outcomes among women who delivered at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among women who delivered at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital within the study period. Women were selected through systematic sampling and interviewed using a pretested structured questionnaire as well as review of their medical records. Data were collected on their sociodemographic and reproductive characteristics, care provided during ANC and delivery outcomes. Categorical variables were compared using the χ2 test. Factors associated with quality of ANC and adverse pregnancy outcomes were assessed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression to generate crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS and GraphPad Prism. P-values of < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: 950 women were recruited into the study with mean age of 30.39±5.57 years. Less than one-tenth (7.6%) of the women received good quality ANC, 63.4% had average quality ANC, and 29.0% received poor quality ANC. Increasing educational level and initiating ANC in the first trimester [aOR 0.2; 95%CI 0.08-0.68; p<0.001] increased the odds of receiving good quality ANC while being unemployed decreased the odds of receiving good quality ANC [aOR 0.3; 95% CI 0.12-0.65; p = 0.003]. Receiving poor and average quality of ANC were significantly associated with increased likelihood of developing anaemia during pregnancy, preeclampsia with severe features or delivering a low birth weight baby. CONCLUSION: Most women did not receive good quality ANC. High quality ANC should be provided while the women are encouraged to comply with the recommendations during ANC.


Asunto(s)
Resultado del Embarazo , Atención Prenatal , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Ghana/epidemiología , Humanos , Embarazo , Centros de Atención Terciaria , Adulto Joven
2.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0268831, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35657957

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer is the second most common female cancer in Ghana. The disease and its treatment significantly affect survivors' health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We determined the overall quality of life (QoL) and identified its predictors among cervical cancer survivors after treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on 153 disease-free cervical cancer survivors who completed curative treatment between January 2004 and December 2018 at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) in Kumasi, Ghana. We used the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer core-30 item (EORTC QLQ-C30) and cervical cancer module (EORTC QLQ-CX24) to assess the survivors' overall QoL. QoL domain scores were dichotomised as affected or unaffected by disease and its treatment. Significant differences between the affected and unaffected groups within each QoL domain were determined using the student T-test. We used Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests to examine the difference in QoL domains between treatment types, with significance based on Bonferroni corrections. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify predictors of overall QoL. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-three (153) women having a mean age of 58.3 (SD 11.4) years were studied. The overall QoL score was 79.6 (SD 16.0), and 74.5% of survivors reported good QoL score within the median follow up time of 41.8 months (interquartile range [IQR], 25.5-71.1 months) after cervical cancer diagnosis. Although the majority (66.0-84.3%) of the QoL functioning scale were unaffected, about a fifth (22.2%) to a third (34.5%) of the subjects had perceptual impairment in cognitive and role functioning. Financial difficulties, peripheral neuropathy and pain were most common symptoms reported as affected. A third of the survivors were worried that sex would be painful, and 36.6% indicated that their sexual activity as affected. The overall QoL scores for survivors who had surgery, chemoradiation and radiation-alone were 86.1 (SD 9.7), 76.9 (SD 17.7), and 80.7 (SD 14.7), respectively (p = 0.025). The predictors of survivor's overall QoL were loss of appetite [Adjusted Odd Ratio (AOR) = 9.34, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 2.13-35.8, p = 0.001], pain (AOR = 3.53, 95% CI = 1.25-9.31, p = 0.017) and body image (AOR = 5.89, 95% CI = 1.80-19.27, p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: About 75% of the survivors had a good overall quality of life. Primary surgical treatment affords the best prospects for quality of life with the least symptom complaints and financial burden. Loss of appetite, pain or diminution in body image perception predicted the overall quality of life of cervical cancer survivors after treatment.


Asunto(s)
Supervivientes de Cáncer , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino , Supervivientes de Cáncer/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Ghana/epidemiología , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Dolor , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Sobrevivientes , Centros de Atención Terciaria , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/psicología , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/terapia
3.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 148 Suppl 1: 16-21, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943183

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine obstetric fistula knowledge among prenatal attendees and midwives in Mfantsiman municipality, Ghana. METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted among prenatal clinic attendees and midwives in Mfantsiman municipality from March to April, 2016. Women were selected by systematic sampling and consenting midwives were recruited. Respondents were interviewed using a pretested structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the χ2 test and Poisson regression with a robust error variance to generate relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Altogether, 393 prenatal attendees and 45 midwives were studied. Mean age of attendees was 28.1 ± 7.1 years. About 29% of prenatal attendees knew of, 37.2% had poor knowledge of, and 56.6% had some misconceptions about obstetric fistula. Women who had attained some level of education (P trend=0.001), were employed (adjusted RR 4.92; 95% CI, 1.98-12.21), or had given birth before (P trend=0.01) were more likely to have heard of obstetric fistula. All midwives knew of obstetric fistula and its preventive measures; however, up to 73.3% had some misconceptions about it. CONCLUSION: Educating prenatal attendees and organizing regular refresher courses on obstetric fistula for midwives should be a priority in the municipality.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Partería/educación , Fístula Vesicovaginal/prevención & control , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Ghana , Humanos , Complicaciones del Trabajo de Parto/terapia , Embarazo , Atención Prenatal/normas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
4.
BMC Womens Health ; 14: 90, 2014 Jul 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25074294

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Misoprostol has become a popular over the counter self-administered abortifacient in Ghana. This study aimed to compare the socio-demographic characteristics and clinical complications associated with misoprostol and non-misoprostol induced abortions among patients admitted to a tertiary public health facility in Ghana. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study conducted at the gynaecological ward of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH), over a four-month period using a structured pre-tested questionnaire. Data were analysed using Chi-square, Fisher's exact and student t-tests. Factors associated with severe morbidity were examined using Poisson regression with robust error variance to estimate crude and adjusted relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Overall, 126 misoprostol users and 126 misoprostol non-users were recruited into the study. About 71% of the clients had self-induced abortions. Misoprostol users were more likely to be younger (p < 0.001), single (p < 0.001), nulliparous (p = 0.001), of higher educational background (p = 0.001), and unemployed (p < 0.001), than misoprostol non-users. Misoprostol users were more likely than non-users to undergo termination of pregnancy because they wanted to continue schooling (p < 0.001) or were not earning regular income to support a family (p = 0.001). Overall, 182 (72.2%) of the women (79.4% misoprostol users vs. 65.1% misoprostol non-users; p = 0.01) suffered severe morbidity. Nulliparous women (adjusted RR, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.08-1.52) and those who had induced abortion after 12 weeks' gestation (adjusted RR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.18-1.57) were at increased risks of experiencing severe morbidity. The association between mode of abortion induction and severe morbidity was not statistically significant (p = 0.06). CONCLUSION: Self-induced abortions using misoprostol is a common practice among women in this study; nearly three quarters of them suffered severe morbidity. Nonetheless, severe morbidity among misoprostol users and non-users did not differ significantly but was directly related to the gestational age at which the induced abortions occurred. Health education on the dangers of self-induced abortions and appropriate use of medication abortion could help reduce complications associated with induced abortions in Ghana.


Asunto(s)
Abortivos no Esteroideos/uso terapéutico , Aborto Inducido/estadística & datos numéricos , Empleo/estadística & datos numéricos , Misoprostol/uso terapéutico , Autocuidado/estadística & datos numéricos , Sepsis/epidemiología , Hemorragia Uterina/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios Transversales , Escolaridad , Femenino , Edad Gestacional , Ghana , Hospitales Públicos , Humanos , Enfermedades Renales/epidemiología , Tiempo de Internación , Hepatopatías/epidemiología , Análisis Multivariante , Embarazo , Primer Trimestre del Embarazo , Segundo Trimestre del Embarazo , Centros de Atención Terciaria , Adulto Joven
5.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 125(3): 223-7, 2014 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24680841

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare provider assessment of fetal maceration with death-to-delivery interval to evaluate the reliability of appearance as a proxy for time of death. METHODS: Cohort chart abstraction was performed for all stillbirth deliveries at or above 28 weeks of gestation during a 1-year period in a teaching hospital in Ghana. RESULTS: Of 470 stillborn infants, 337 had adequate data for analysis. Of 47 fetuses alive on admission with death-to-delivery intervals estimated to be less than 8 hours (expected to be reported as fresh), 14 (30%) were actually reported as macerated. Of 94 cases in which the fetus was deceased on admission with death-to-delivery interval of more than 8 hours (expected to be macerated), 17 (18%) were described as fresh. CONCLUSION: Provider description of fetal appearance may be an unreliable indicator for time since fetal death. The findings have significant implications for stillbirth prevention and assessment.


Asunto(s)
Parto Obstétrico/estadística & datos numéricos , Muerte Fetal , Feto/patología , Mortinato/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Ghana , Hospitales de Enseñanza , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Embarazo , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Factores de Tiempo , Adulto Joven
6.
Afr J Reprod Health ; 15(1): 65-7, 2011 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21987939

RESUMEN

This study investigated the use of Primolut N tablet which contains norethisterone 5mg popularly called N-tablet by users as a pre-coital contraceptive by women in the Kumasi metropolis of Ghana. Clients who called at any of the twenty (20) selected Pharmacies in residential areas within the Kumasi metropolis demanding the drug, with or without valid prescriptions were interviewed using a guide. Of the two hundred and twenty (220) users interviewed, 94% demanded the drug for contraception and 6% for menstrual disorders. Sixty one percent of those demanding it for contraception were between the ages 20-25 years. Respondents preferred the use of norethisterone tablets as a contraceptive to other methods because it worked for them and they also found it easy and convenient taking a tablet just before coitus than taking daily oral contraceptive pills. Norethisterone is being used as a pre-coital contraceptive, though the efficacy, safety and reliability of the drug for that purpose is unknown. Until these are known, women must be discouraged from using the drug.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Anticonceptiva/estadística & datos numéricos , Anticoncepción Postcoital , Anticonceptivos Poscoito/provisión & distribución , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud/organización & administración , Noretindrona , Prioridad del Paciente/psicología , Adulto , Conducta de Elección , Anticoncepción Postcoital/métodos , Anticoncepción Postcoital/psicología , Anticoncepción Postcoital/estadística & datos numéricos , Anticonceptivos Sintéticos Orales/administración & dosificación , Anticonceptivos Sintéticos Orales/farmacocinética , Anticonceptivos Poscoito/normas , Estudios Transversales , Recolección de Datos , Servicios de Planificación Familiar/normas , Femenino , Ghana , Humanos , Noretindrona/administración & dosificación , Noretindrona/farmacocinética
7.
Artículo en Inglés | AIM (África) | ID: biblio-1258494

RESUMEN

This study investigated the use of Primolut N tablet which contains norethisterone 5mg popularly called N- tablet by users as a precoital contraceptive by women in the Kumasi metropolis of Ghana. Clients who called at any of the twenty (20) selected Pharmacies in residential areas within the Kumasi metropolis demanding the drug, with or without valid prescriptions were interviewed using a guide. Of the two hundred and twenty (220) users interviewed, 94% demanded the drug for contraception and 6% for menstrual disorders. Sixty one percent of those demanding it for contraception were between the ages 20-25 years. Respondents preferred the use of norethisterone tablets as a contraceptive to other methods because it worked for them and they also found it easy and convenient taking a tablet just before coitus than taking daily oral contraceptive pills. Norethisterone is being used as a pre-coital contraceptive, though the efficacy, safety and reliability of the drug for that purpose is unknown. Until these are known, women must be discouraged from using the drug (Afr J Reprod Health 2011; 15[1]: 65-67)


Asunto(s)
Anticonceptivos , Anticonceptivos Poscoito , Ghana , Noretindrona , Farmacias
8.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 110(1): 78-81, 2010 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20362990

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess the challenges associated with the diagnosis, management, and prevention of hypertensive disease during pregnancy in low-income countries, following the success of the Magpie Trial. METHODS: Descriptive review of the literature from 1990 to 2009 on the diagnosis, management, and prevention of hypertensive disease in pregnancy. RESULTS: In the absence of credible measures to predict and prevent hypertension in pregnancy, diagnosis and treatment remain the only viable options, although they are still associated with important challenges in low-income countries. Despite the presence of high-quality evidence that magnesium sulfate is safe and effective at preventing and treating eclampsia, its use is extremely limited in many low-income countries. CONCLUSION: There is a need for cheap and reliable tools with which to address the diagnostic, preventive, and management challenges associated with hypertensive disease during pregnancy in low-income countries. It is recommended that such countries incorporate magnesium sulfate protocols into their national health and/or practice policies.


Asunto(s)
Antihipertensivos/uso terapéutico , Hipertensión Inducida en el Embarazo/tratamiento farmacológico , Sulfato de Magnesio/uso terapéutico , Anticonvulsivantes/efectos adversos , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapéutico , Antihipertensivos/efectos adversos , Países en Desarrollo , Eclampsia/tratamiento farmacológico , Eclampsia/prevención & control , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertensión Inducida en el Embarazo/diagnóstico , Hipertensión Inducida en el Embarazo/prevención & control , Sulfato de Magnesio/efectos adversos , Embarazo
9.
J Womens Health (Larchmt) ; 18(11): 1863-6, 2009 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19951223

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To determine the attitude and perception of women with abortion-related complications toward the provision of safe abortion services, their sociodemographic characteristics, and their awareness of the law permitting abortion under certain circumstances in Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a standardized questionnaire was conducted over a 2-month period among patients admitted with abortion-related complications at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH), Kumasi, Ghana. RESULTS: Abortion-related complications accounted for 42.7% of admissions to the gynecological ward. The median age of the women was 26 years. Of the 296 patients interviewed, 28% reported induced abortion in the index pregnancy, 29% were not married, 30% had no formal education, and 92% were not aware of the current legal status of abortion in Ghana. They thought there was the need to provide safe abortion services in the country, and almost all of them were willing to patronize such services. CONCLUSIONS: Awareness of the current legal status of abortion was lacking among women with abortion-related complications attending a tertiary center in Kumasi. However, the provision of safe abortion services was much needed in this population.


Asunto(s)
Aborto Inducido/efectos adversos , Aborto Inducido/estadística & datos numéricos , Actitud Frente a la Salud , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Servicios de Salud para Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Aborto Inducido/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Atención Ambulatoria/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Ghana/epidemiología , Humanos , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/psicología , Educación del Paciente como Asunto , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/prevención & control , Embarazo , Embarazo no Deseado/psicología , Administración de la Seguridad , Salud de la Mujer , Adulto Joven
11.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 103(2): 121-4, 2008 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18755459

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and its impact on the lives of women in Sekyidumasi, a rural Ghanaian community. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 200 women was performed using a questionnaire and pelvic examination to detect symptoms and signs of prolapse. Main outcome measures were the presence of POP and its impact on quality of life. RESULTS: Out of 174 women included in the study, 21 women (12.07%) had POP. Seventeen of these women (81%) were symptomatic, of which only 6 women (35.3%) had sought treatment because of financial constraints. The odds of prolapse increased with increasing parity (P=0.02) and age (P<0.01). The main impacts of prolapse were on emotional well-being (52.4%), the women's relationship with their partner (46.2%), and sex life (25%). CONCLUSION: Only about one-third of women with symptomatic prolapse sought treatment because the cost of medical care outweighed the impact of the condition on their lives.


Asunto(s)
Calidad de Vida , Prolapso Uterino/psicología , Actividades Cotidianas , Adolescente , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Ghana/epidemiología , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Paridad , Embarazo , Población Rural , Parejas Sexuales , Sexualidad , Factores Socioeconómicos , Prolapso Uterino/economía , Prolapso Uterino/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
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