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1.
BMJ Open Qual ; 7(4): e000417, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30515469

RESUMEN

Background: One in three people over the age of 65 fall every year, with 1/3 sustaining at least moderate injury. Falls risk reduction requires an interprofessional health team approach. The literature is lacking in effective models to teach students how to work collaboratively in interprofessional teams for geriatric falls prevention. The purpose of this paper is to describe the development, administration and outcome measures of an education programme to teach principles of interprofessional care for older adults in the context of falls prevention. Methods: Students from three academic institutions representing 12 health disciplines took part in the education programme over 18 months (n=237). A mixed method one-group pretest and post-test experimental design was implemented to measure the impact of a multistep education model on progression in interprofessional collaboration competencies and satisfaction. Results: Paired t-tests of pre-education to posteducation measures of Interprofessional Socialization and Valuing Scale scores (n=136) demonstrated statistically significant increase in subscales and total scores (p<0.001). Qualitative satisfaction results were strongly positive. Discussion: Results of this study indicate that active interprofessional education can result in positive student attitude regarding interprofessional team-based care, and satisfaction with learning. Lessons learnt in a rapid cycle plan-do-study-act approach are shared to guide replication efforts for other educators. Conclusion: Effective models to teach falls prevention interventions and interprofessional practice are not yet established. This education model is easily replicable and can be used to teach interprofessional teamwork competency skills in falls and other geriatric syndromes.

3.
Adv Neonatal Care ; 17(5): 354-361, 2017 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28195835

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Structured training courses have shown to improve patient outcomes; however, guidelines are inconsistently applied in up to 50% of all neonatal resuscitations. This is partly due to the fact that psychomotor skills needed for resuscitation decay within 6 months to a year from the completion of a certification course. Currently, there are no recommendations on how often refresher training should occur to prevent skill decay. PURPOSE: Improve provider proficiency and confidence in the performance of neonatal resuscitation with a focus on chest compression effectiveness. METHODS: The study recruited neonatal intensive care unit providers (n = 25). A simulation-based Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) curriculum was developed and executed. Training sessions were delivered utilizing in situ simulations at varying time intervals. Pre- and postconfidence surveys and practicum skill scores were collected and evaluated by a content expert. Categorical data were summarized by frequency and percentage and tested for distributional equality via Pearson chi-square tests or Fisher exact tests depending on cell sample size distribution. All statistical tests were 2-sided with P < .05 considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Provider overall confidence and rate of chest compressions improved; however, there was no statistically significant difference between groups. Rolling refresher training at varied time intervals did not demonstrate statistically significant differences in chest compression quality among NRP providers. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Rolling refresher training more frequently than every 6 months may not provide added benefit to NRP providers. IMPLICATIONS FOR RESEARCH: Additional research is needed to determine optimal refresher training frequency to prevent skill decay.


Asunto(s)
Reanimación Cardiopulmonar/educación , Educación Continua en Enfermería/métodos , Paro Cardíaco/terapia , Masaje Cardíaco , Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal , Enfermería Neonatal/educación , Entrenamiento Simulado/métodos , Adulto , Curriculum , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Resucitación/educación , Método Simple Ciego
4.
Cureus ; 8(3): e534, 2016 Mar 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27096134

RESUMEN

UNLABELLED: OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this study was to elicit feedback from simulation technicians prior to developing the first simulation technician-specific simulation laboratory in Akron, OH. BACKGROUND: Simulation technicians serve a vital role in simulation centers within hospitals/health centers around the world. The first simulation technician degree program in the US has been approved in Akron, OH. To satisfy the requirements of this program and to meet the needs of this special audience of learners, a customized simulation lab is essential. METHOD: A web-based survey was circulated to simulation technicians prior to completion of the lab for the new program. The survey consisted of questions aimed at identifying structural and functional design elements of a novel simulation center for the training of simulation technicians. Quantitative methods were utilized to analyze data. RESULTS: Over 90% of technicians (n=65) think that a lab designed explicitly for the training of technicians is novel and beneficial. Approximately 75% of respondents think that the space provided appropriate audiovisual (AV) infrastructure and space to evaluate the ability of technicians to be independent. The respondents think that the lab needed more storage space, visualization space for a large number of students, and more space in the technical/repair area. CONCLUSIONS : A space designed for the training of simulation technicians was considered to be beneficial. This laboratory requires distinct space for technical repair, adequate bench space for the maintenance and repair of simulators, an appropriate AV infrastructure, and space to evaluate the ability of technicians to be independent.

5.
Cureus ; 8(1): e463, 2016 Jan 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26929890

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Interns are often unprepared to effectively communicate in the acute trauma setting. Despite the many strengths of the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) program, the main shortcoming within the course is the deficiency of teamwork and leadership training. In this study, we describe the creation of an interdisciplinary boot camp in which interns' basic trauma knowledge, level of confidence, and teamwork skills are assessed. METHODS: We designed a one-day, boot camp curriculum for interns of various specialties with the purpose of improving communication and teamwork skills for effective management of acute trauma patients. Our curriculum consisted of a one-day, twelve-hour experience, which included trauma patient simulations, content expert lectures, group discussion of video demonstrations, and skill development workstations. Baseline and acquired knowledge were assessed through the use of confidence surveys, cognitive questionnaires, and a validated evaluation tool of teamwork and leadership skills for trauma Results: Fifteen interns entered the boot camp with an overall confidence score of 3.2 (1-5 scale) in the management of trauma cases. At the culmination of the study, there was a significant increase in the overall confidence level of interns in role delegation, leadership, Crisis Resource Management (CRM) principles, and in the performance of primary and secondary surveys. No significant changes were seen in determining and effectively using the Glasgow Coma Scale, Orthopedic splinting/reduction skills, and effective use of closed-loop communication. CONCLUSION: An intensive one-day trauma boot camp demonstrated significant improvement in self-reported confidence of CRM concepts, role delegation, leadership, and performance of primary and secondary surveys. Despite the intensive curriculum, there was no significant improvement in overall teamwork and leadership performance during simulated cases. Our boot camp curriculum offers educators a unique framework to which they can apply to their own training program as a foundation for effective leadership and teamwork training for interns.

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