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1.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(11): 863-869, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121608

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: Patients seropositive HIV and AIDS represent a group of patients who experience longer longevity at the expense of effective therapies for infection control and related opportunistic diseases. However, the prolonged use of these drugs is often associated with adverse events, which theoretically may influence dental management and the long-term stability of dental implants. The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate a group of HIV-positive people from a previous study who had received dental implants for 12 years after oral rehabilitation and functional loading. CASE DESCRIPTION: Nine patients with a total of 18 implants participated in this study. Viral load was undetectable in 8 patients, with 1 who had 48 copies/milliliter. The cluster of differentiation 4 T lymphocyte count ranged from 227 through 1,000 cells/cubic millimeter, mean (standard deviation [SD]) 564 (271.13) cells/mm3. Five of the 9 (55.5%) patients had visible plaque, and 5 (55.5%) had bleeding on probing with no implant mobility. Radiographs obtained at 6 months, 12 months, and 12 years of functional loading showed mean (SD) marginal bone losses of 0.32 (0.23) mm, 0.37 (0.23) mm, and 2.43 (1.48), respectively. CONCLUSION AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: These results suggest that dental implant treatment in HIV-positive patients achieved long-term survival, with a success rate comparable with that observed in healthy patients, indicating that implant rehabilitation is not a contraindication for HIV-positive patients.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Infecciones por VIH , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Estudios de Seguimiento , Infecciones por VIH/complicaciones , Infecciones por VIH/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento
2.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 331-336, 2020 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618456

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of oral care and use of chlorhexidine gluconate on the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: An evaluation was performed on 229 patients admitted to ICU in 2012 (before implementation of oral care protocol) and 329 in 2013 (after the protocol). Oral care was based on the removal of secretions from the oral cavity with 0.12% chlorhexidine solution for brushing and sterile gauze for cleaning before a new aspiration. The cases of VAP were evaluated by observing respiratory signs, radiological changes, and culture and laboratory results. The following data were also analysed: gender, length hospital of stay, mechanical ventilation, use of antibiotics and aetiological agent of infection. RESULTS: There was a tendency towards lower risk of development of VAP after application of oral care protocol (odds ratio = 0.64-95% CI: 0.39-1.04). There was also a reduction in the incidence of early pneumonia (up to 72 h of hospitalisation). With regard to the aetiological agent of infections, although Gram-negative bacteria predominated in the two periods studied, there was a decrease in the cases of Staphylococcus aureus infection. CONCLUSION: Oral care protocol has statistically significantly reduced the risk of developing early VAP in ICU patients, thus demonstrating the importance of multidisciplinary teamwork for hospitalised patients.


Asunto(s)
Neumonía Asociada al Ventilador , Antisepsia , Humanos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Prevalencia , Cepillado Dental
4.
Int J Dent ; 2020: 2494128, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32148500

RESUMEN

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the volumetric stability and bone formation in grafts with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone at different proportions in rabbit calvaria. Material and Methods. Ten rabbits received four titanium cylinders in their calvaria and randomly divided into the following groups: Group I: Bio-Oss (100%), Group II: Bio-Oss (75%) + autogenous bone (25%), Group III: Bio-Oss (50%) + autogenous bone (50%), and Group IV: autogenous bone (100%). After twelve weeks, the animals were euthanized, and samples were collected for clinical and histological analysis. Results: Clinical analysis showed that Groups I (90.43 ± 8.99) and II (90.87 ± 7.43) had greater dimensional stability compared to Group IV (P=0.0005). Histologically, Groups I, II, and III showed areas of bone formation with particles of biomaterial remaining in close contact with the newly formed bone. However, there were no significant differences between the groups regarding the newly formed bone area. Conclusion: It was concluded that the use of Bio-Oss either alone or associated with the autogenous bone at a proportion of 25% showed superior dimensional stability compared to the use of autogenous bone in the proposed experimental model.

5.
Eur J Clin Invest ; 50(5): e13219, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129475

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory/immunological serum markers are useful for the early detection of organ dysfunction, helping the diagnosis of sepsis. Although the detection of blood biomarkers is a standard practice, the use of noninvasive samples (eg saliva) would be beneficial. AIM: To investigate the saliva of hospitalized patients with and without sepsis and identify the levels of inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and nitric oxide (NO). METHODS: Saliva samples were collected from 26 patients in intensive care unit with diagnosis of sepsis and from 26 without sepsis (control). The levels of CRP were determined by using latex agglutination test, whereas those of procalcitonin and IL-6 by ELISA and NO by the Griess reaction. RESULTS: Of 26 patients with sepsis, 14 were males (54%) with a mean age of 63.81 ± 3.48 years. The control group had the same distribution for gender, with mean age 65.04 ± 4.07 years. Sepsis group showed higher salivary concentrations of CRP, PCT, IL-6 and NO, with only levels of IL-6 being statistically different (P = .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with sepsis had significantly higher levels of IL-6 in their saliva, suggesting that this biological sample could be useful in the diagnosis of this condition.

6.
J Periodontol ; 91(9): 1139-1147, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012280

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have inability to maintain the normal levels of protein metabolism products, blood pressure and hematocrit. Periodontal disease involves an inflammatory destructive process. Identification of opportunistic viruses is extremely important as they are associated with co-morbidities. The objective of this study was to analyse the presence of human herpesviruses in saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) from patients with CKD. METHODS: One hundred and thirty one individuals were divided depending on the stage of CKD: Group 1 (clearance of creatinine > 75 mL/min) patients with no renal disease (n = 24); Group 2 (clearance of creatinine of 11-75 mL/min) patients with renal disease (n = 67); Group 3 (clearance of creatinine < 10 mL/min) patients on hemodialysis (n = 40). The parameters of periodontal disease were evaluated. The viral detection was assessed by PCR. RESULTS: considering the three groups, the prevalence of herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) were 9% in saliva and 5% in GCF; Epstein-Barr virus 36% in saliva and 39% in GCF; human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) 11% in GCF; varicella zoster virus 6% in saliva and 3% in GCF; of human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) 6% in saliva and 2% in GCF; and HHV-7 44% in saliva and 8% in GCF. Of these patients, 46.48% presented with severe periodontitis. A statistically significant association between HSV-1 and HCMV was found in hemodialysis patients and severe periodontitis was also more frequent among them. CONCLUSION: These findings show the importance of evaluating the periodontal disease and detecting herpesviruses in patients with CKD as the inflammatory process observed in these clinical conditions may worsen the course of both periodontal disease and CKD.

7.
Case Rep Dent ; 2019: 9712816, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583140

RESUMEN

A 30-year-old Caucasian man presented with an 18-month history of an asymptomatic calcified mass, located on the buccal side of the alveolar ridge. Medical records did not present any underlying conditions. On intraoral examination, the lesion was located on the right side of the maxilla, showing mucosal fenestration with mineralized tissue measuring approximately 1 cm in diameter. Radiographic examination showed multiple radiopaque masses. Incisional biopsy was performed, and histological analysis revealed a presence of enamel matrix, dentin, and cementum, resembling tooth-like structures. Surgical removal was offered after the diagnostic confirmation of peripheral odontoma, but the patient refused because of the asymptomatic nature of the lesion.

8.
J Oral Biol Craniofac Res ; 9(1): 86-90, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30386719

RESUMEN

The most important microscopic characteristic of Cyclosporine A-induced gingival overgrowth is fibroepithelial hyperplasia. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the influence of previous exposure to Cyclosporine A over gingival epithelium in experimental periodontitis in rats. METHODS: Twenty Wistar rats with 12 weeks-old were divided into four groups with 5 animals each: Control Group (CG); Cyclosporine Group (CsAG); Ligature group (LG) and Cyclosporine and Ligature Group (CsALG). Daily doses of CsA (10 mg/kg) were applied to CsAG and CsALG during 60 days since the beginning of the experiment and, a ligature was placed in LG and CsALG 30 days after the beginning of the experiment. After 60 days, animals were euthanized and gingival tissue was processed to histomorphometric analysis of epithelial thickness (mm2), immunohistochemical expression of PCNA (%) and inflammatory response. Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann Whitney at 0.05 significance level. RESULTS: Considering epithelial thickness, CG was thinner than all groups, CsALG was the largest and CsAG and LG were similar between each other. Regarding the PCNA expression CG (16.46 ± 9.26) was similar to CsAG (34.47 ± 19.75) and, LG (59.02 ± 10.33) was similar to CsALG (40.59 ± 18.25). Significant difference (p < 0.05) occurred only in inflammation presence comparing CG/LG and CsAG/CsALG. A weak positive correlation between the number of PCNA+ and inflammatory cells (p = 0.001; r = 0.611) was observed. CONCLUSION: Based on these results it was concluded that the enlargement of gingival epithelium observed in experimental periodontitis can be increased by previous exposition to CsA and inflammatory conditions enhanced proliferative activity of the keratinocytes.

9.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2018: 6020625, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30158834

RESUMEN

This study evaluated the presence of cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, MCP-1, MIP-1α, MIP-1ß, and TNF-α) and human herpesvirus (HSV1, HSV2, EBV, CMV, VZV, HHV6, HHV7, and HHV8) in saliva samples taken from subjects with and without peri-implantitis. Forty-two periodontally healthy subjects were divided according to peri-implant condition: healthy and peri-implantitis groups. The clinical parameters as probing depth, clinical attachment level, plaque index, gingival bleeding, bleeding on probing, and suppuration were evaluated. For cytokine detection, multiplex analysis was performed, and PCR assay was used to identify herpesviruses. No significant differences were found in cytokine levels between groups (p > 0.05). The presence of herpesvirus was 1.97-fold higher in patients with peri-implantitis (odds ratio, CI 0.52-7.49). The association of the presence or absence of herpesvirus with the salivary markers was statistically significant for MIP-1ß (p = 0.0087) and TNF-α (p = 0.0437) only in the peri-implantitis group. The presence of herpesviruses in patients with peri-implantitis suggests the development of a proinflammatory environment, which is characterized by increased expression of MIP-1ß and TNF-α in saliva.


Asunto(s)
Citocinas/metabolismo , Periimplantitis/metabolismo , Periimplantitis/virología , Saliva/química , Saliva/virología , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Citomegalovirus/aislamiento & purificación , Femenino , Voluntarios Sanos , Herpesvirus Humano 1/aislamiento & purificación , Herpesvirus Humano 2/aislamiento & purificación , Herpesvirus Humano 3/aislamiento & purificación , Herpesvirus Humano 4/aislamiento & purificación , Herpesvirus Humano 6/aislamiento & purificación , Herpesvirus Humano 8/aislamiento & purificación , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Periimplantitis/inmunología , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Proteínas del Envoltorio Viral/aislamiento & purificación
10.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 23(1): 79-86, 2018 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29791688

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion is a procedure that reduces the resistance of the sutures correcting the posterior crossbite in adults. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the periodontal status of 17 adults submitted to this procedure. METHODS: The clinical attachment level (CAL), gingival recession, attached gingiva and bleeding were evaluated in maxillary first premolars and molars, central and lateral incisors of right and left sides before surgery, 5 days and 6 months after. Means, standard deviation, medians, minimum and maximum values were compared among the evaluations using the Friedman and McNemar tests. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant increase in CAL in the right central incisor, right and left premolars and right and left molars. There was a statistically significant increase in gingival recession in the right and left premolars and molars. The amount of attached gingiva significantly decreased in right premolars and right and left molars. There was increase in bleeding in most of the teeth. CONCLUSION: Results indicated that the surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion might cause alterations in periodontal tissue.


Asunto(s)
Recesión Gingival/etiología , Maxilar/cirugía , Técnica de Expansión Palatina/efectos adversos , Pérdida de la Inserción Periodontal/etiología , Adulto , Femenino , Hemorragia/etiología , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Técnica de Expansión Palatina/instrumentación
11.
J Cosmet Laser Ther ; 20(4): 215-219, 2018 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29351498

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Drug-induced gingival overgrowth (DIGO) is attributed mainly to the prolonged use of calcium channel blocking agents, anticonvulsants, and anti-calcineurin inhibitors . The management of DIGO depends on the severity of the disease and includes surgical intervention and plaque control. Compared to conventional surgical treatment, the recent literature data have shown that gingivectomy using a high-power laser (HPL) is a short and easy procedure, which results in minimal postoperative discomfort and greater patient accep- tance. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: The purpose of this study was to report two cases of recurrent DIGO treated surgically using HPL (λ 808nm, 1.5W). RESULTS: Minimal bleeding and discomfort were observed during surgery, and patients reported no pain or bleeding after the procedure. After 1 year of follow-up, patients presented a minimal increase of gingival volume, indicating that laser technology can improve the efficiency and prognosis of DIGO. CONCLUSIONS: The HPL was able to preventing hemorrhage and improving the patient's collaboration with the treatment and quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Sobrecrecimiento Gingival/cirugía , Gingivectomía/métodos , Láseres de Semiconductores/uso terapéutico , Adolescente , Amlodipino/efectos adversos , Bloqueadores de los Canales de Calcio/efectos adversos , Niño , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Sobrecrecimiento Gingival/inducido químicamente , Gingivoplastia , Humanos , Masculino , Factores de Tiempo
12.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 79-86, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-891120

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Introduction: The surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion is a procedure that reduces the resistance of the sutures correcting the posterior crossbite in adults. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the periodontal status of 17 adults submitted to this procedure. Methods: The clinical attachment level (CAL), gingival recession, attached gingiva and bleeding were evaluated in maxillary first premolars and molars, central and lateral incisors of right and left sides before surgery, 5 days and 6 months after. Means, standard deviation, medians, minimum and maximum values were compared among the evaluations using the Friedman and McNemar tests. Results: There was a statistically significant increase in CAL in the right central incisor, right and left premolars and right and left molars. There was a statistically significant increase in gingival recession in the right and left premolars and molars. The amount of attached gingiva significantly decreased in right premolars and right and left molars. There was increase in bleeding in most of the teeth. Conclusion: Results indicated that the surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion might cause alterations in periodontal tissue.


RESUMO Introdução: a expansão rápida da maxila assistida cirurgicamente (ERMAC) é um procedimento que reduz a resistência das suturas, corrigindo a mordida cruzada posterior em adultos. Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o status periodontal de 17 adultos submetidos a esse procedimento. Métodos: o nível clínico de inserção (NCI), a recessão gengival, gengiva inserida e sangramento foram avaliados nos primeiros pré-molares, molares, incisivos centrais e laterais superiores dos lados direito e esquerdo antes da cirurgia, e depois de 5 dias e 6 meses. Médias, desvios-padrão, medianas, valores mínimos e máximos foram comparados entre as avaliações, usando os testes de Friedman e McNemar. Resultados: houve aumento estatisticamente significativo no NCI no incisivo central direito, pré-molares direito e esquerdo e molares direito e esquerdo. Houve aumento estatisticamente significativo na recessão gengival nos pré-molares e nos molares direito e esquerdo. A quantidade de gengiva inserida diminuiu significativamente nos pré-molares direitos e molares direitos e esquerdos. Houve aumento no sangramento na maioria dos dentes. Conclusão: os resultados indicaram que a ERMAC pode causar alterações no tecido periodontal.

13.
Clin Oral Investig ; 22(2): 885-891, 2018 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28669106

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To describe the shedding profile of human herpesviruses in the saliva of renal transplant recipients. METHODS: This is a prospective case-control study of 50 renal transplant recipients and control group of 50 individuals (non-transplanted and immunocompetent). Mouthwash samples were collected via oral rinse and then submitted to screening for the presence of eight types of herpesviruses by using multiplex PCR. Fisher's exact, chi-square, and Student t tests were used for statistical analysis, and the significance level was set at 5%. RESULTS: The mean age of the study group was 49.42 ± 12.94 years, 28/50 (56%) were female, and the time elapsed after transplantation was 68.20 ± 67.19 months. Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) (P = 0.025) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) (P = 0.024) were, statistically, more excreted in the saliva of renal transplant recipients compared to control group. Gender (P = 1.00) and age (P = 0.563) did not influence the salivary shedding of herpesviruses in renal transplant recipients. Individuals who excreted varicella-zoster virus in saliva had a shorter mean time of transplantation (22:00 + 2.82 months) (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Renal transplant recipients excreted herpesviruses more often than controls, especially HSV-1 and EBV, with salivary shedding of herpesviruses being more frequent in patients with recent kidney transplantation. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The present findings support other longitudinal studies evaluating the relationship between oral shedding of human herpesviruses and clinical presence of active infection and renal transplant failure.


Asunto(s)
Herpesviridae/aislamiento & purificación , Trasplante de Riñón , Saliva/virología , Esparcimiento de Virus , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa , Estudios Prospectivos
14.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 46(1): 142-147, 2018 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29198577

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study compared stability, removal torque, bone implant contact (BIC) and area (BA) of implants installed simultaneously with onlay autografts or allografts in rabbits' tibias. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Total of 18 rabbits were used in this study. Fresh frozen allografts were obtained from six animals at T(-6). Two implants with autogenous grafts (Group 1) or allografts (Group 2) were simultaneously inserted into both sides of the tibiae in a vertical periimplant defect model at T0. The resonance frequency (ISQ) was measured in implant proximal epiphysis on the day of installation of T0 and T18 (18 weeks post-surgery). At T18 the removal torque was assessed at the distal implants, the implants' proximal epiphysis and surrounding bone were harvested to perform histomorphometric analysis. The BIC and BA within the limits of the implants threads were evaluated. RESULTS: The ISQ revealed a statistically significant difference between T0 and T18 in each group (p = 0.024, p = 0.003). The removal torque indicates that there was no significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.47). No significant differences were observed between the groups regarding both BIC (p = 0.3713) and the BA (p = 0.3883). CONCLUSION: Both grafts and implants demonstrated the same stability, torque removal and the BIC and BA.


Asunto(s)
Trasplante Óseo , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Aloinjertos , Animales , Autoinjertos , Conejos , Tibia
15.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 17: e18224, 2018. ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-970619

RESUMEN

The most commonly performed surgical procedure in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery practices are the removal of impacted third molars. Extensive training, skill and experience allow this procedure to be performed in an atraumatic approach. The aim of this study was to drawing attention to the importance of the correct management of the complications cases of foreign body inside maxillary sinus after surgical removal of maxillary third molars. This is an unusual clinical case of a dental surgical bur accidentally displacement into the maxillary sinus during an upper third molar extraction surgery. After removal, the clinical case showed a satisfactory repair emphasizing the importance of a meticulous clinical examination to achieve a correct diagnosis and an appropriate treatment plan, which is essential for a favorable prognosis


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Cirugía Bucal , Cuerpos Extraños , Seno Maxilar , Tercer Molar
16.
Rev. odontol. Univ. Cid. São Paulo (Online) ; 29(2): 129-139, maio-ago 2017.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-875258

RESUMEN

A determinação ou pressuposição da vitalidade pulpar assume no dia-a-dia papel de capital importância no diagnóstico clínico com vistas à indicação ou não da terapia endodôntica. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a eficiência clínica de dois recursos térmicos, a saber: o bastão de gelo e o gás refrigerante, na deter¬minação da vitalidade pulpar em dentes humanos antes e após a realização de terapia periodontal, incluindo raspagem e aplainamento radicular e/ou procedimentos cirúrgicos periodontais. Para tanto, foram incluídos 60 pacientes de ambos os sexos e faixa etária entre 21 a 64 anos de idade num total de 411 dentes indica¬dos à terapia periodontal e analisados em dois tempos, a saber, na condição pré e pós-terapia periodontal. Realizaram-se o exame do paciente e o exame radiográfico periapical. Foi feita a aplicação dos dois agentes térmicos, o bastão de gelo e gás refrigerante, para obtenção da resposta dolorosa pulpar antes dos procedimen¬tos periodontais. Após uma semana os pacientes retornaram para nova aplicação dos testes de sensibilidade pulpar, valendo-se dos mesmos procedimentos de testes que foram executados na primeira sessão de exame do paciente. Para saber se houve diferença significativa entre as proporções, utilizou-se o teste não paramétrico Qui-quadrado (c2) em nível de 95% de confiança. Concluiu-se que ocorreu um número maior de respostas positivas após os procedimentos periodontais para os dois testes, exceção notada no dente pré-molar (p>0,05), indicando que não existe diferença na frequência de respostas positivas e negativas tanto antes como após a terapia periodontal


The determination or presumption of pulp vitality assumes a central role in clinical diagnosis for the indica¬tion of endodontic therapy or not. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficiency of two thermal resources: the ice stick and the refrigerant gas in determining pulp vitality in teeth before and after periodontal therapy including scaling and root planning and/or periodontal surgical procedures. For this, 60 patients of both genders and age between 21 and 64 years old were included. A total of 411 teeth indicated for periodontal therapy were analyzed in two times, namely in the pre and post periodontal therapy condition. The patient's examination and periapical radiographic examination were performed. The two thermal agents were applied to obtain the pulpal pain response before the periodontal procedures. After one week, the patients returned to a new application of the pulp sensitivity tests using the same test procedures that were performed in the first patient examination session. To determine if there was a significant difference among the proportions, the non-parametric Chi-square test was used at a 95% confidence level. It was concluded that there was a higher num¬ber of positive responses after the periodontal procedures for the two tests, exceptions noted in the premolar tooth (p> 0.05), indicating that there is no difference in the frequency of positive and negative responses both before and after periodontal therapy


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prueba de la Pulpa Dental , Periodoncia , Frío
17.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 15(2): 173-177, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28767915

RESUMEN

Objective: To establish a profile of periodontal conditions in chronic kidney disease patients on hemodialysis and their periodontal risk. Methods: We included 115 patients on hemodialysis. Clinical periodontal parameters assessed were: plaque index, gingival index, probing depth and clinical attachment level. Patients were classified according to presence/absence and severity of periodontal disease and periodontal risk. Results: In 107 dentate patients (93%) the plaque index was 1.53±0.78, the gingival index was 0.95±0.85, the probing depth was 2.2±0.6mm and the clinical attachment level was 3.18±1.75mm. We observed that 1 patient (0.94%) did not have periodontal disease, 55 patients (51.40%) had slight, 28 (26.17%) moderate and 23 (21.49%) severe periodontal disease. Among 107 patients, 37 (34.58%) had low risk, 35 (32.71%) moderate risk and 35 (32.71%) high risk. Patients with severe periodontal disease showed 104.5 more chance of high risk compared with low risk individuals (odds ratio: 104.5; 95%CI: 10.7-1017.2; p<0.0001). Conclusion: Most of patients with chronic renal disease presented periodontal disease, indicating the presence of chronic inflammatory and infection process that may influence in systemic conditions. A prevention and interventionist approach in this population is needed, especially to emphasize the importance of oral health. The periodontal risk assessment is a useful tool to create individualized periodontal therapies and to improve general health condition. Objetivo: Traçar um perfil das condições periodontais de pacientes com doença renal crônica em hemodiálise e seu risco periodontal. Métodos: Foram incluídos no estudo 115 pacientes em hemodiálise. Os parâmetros clínicos periodontais avaliados foram: índice de placa, índice gengival, profundidade de sondagem e perda de nível de inserção clínico. Os pacientes foram classificados de acordo com a presença e a gravidade da doença periodontal, bem como de acordo com o risco periodontal. Resultados: Quanto aos parâmetros clínicos, 107 pacientes dentados (93%) apresentaram média de índice de placa de 1,53±0,78 e gengival de 0,95±0,85, profundidade de sondagem de 2,2±0,6mm e nível de inserção clínica de 3,18±1,75mm. Em relação à doença periodontal, 1 (0,94%) era saudável, 55 (51,40%) apresentavam periodontite leve, 28 (26,17%) moderada e 23 (21,49%) avançada. Com relação ao risco, dos 107 pacientes, 37 apresentavam risco baixo, 35 moderado e 35 alto. Os pacientes com doença periodontal avançada apresentaram 104,5 vezes mais chance de ter alto risco comparado ao baixo (odds ratio: 104,5; IC95%: 10,7-1017,2; p<0,0001). Conclusão: A maioria dos pacientes com doença renal crônica apresentou doença periodontal, indicando um processo infeccioso e inflamatório crônico, que pode influenciar na condição sistêmica. Evidencia-se a necessidade de uma abordagem preventiva e intervencionista nesta população, enfatizando a importância da saúde bucal. A avaliação do risco periodontal seria uma ferramenta na elaboração de terapias periodontais individualizadas para uma melhor condição de saúde geral.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Periodontales/complicaciones , Diálisis Renal/efectos adversos , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/complicaciones , Medición de Riesgo , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Índice de Placa Dental , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pérdida de la Inserción Periodontal/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Periodontales/diagnóstico , Índice Periodontal , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad
18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(2): 173-177, Apr.-June 2017. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-891372

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective To establish a profile of periodontal conditions in chronic kidney disease patients on hemodialysis and their periodontal risk. Methods We included 115 patients on hemodialysis. Clinical periodontal parameters assessed were: plaque index, gingival index, probing depth and clinical attachment level. Patients were classified according to presence/absence and severity of periodontal disease and periodontal risk. Results In 107 dentate patients (93%) the plaque index was 1.53±0.78, the gingival index was 0.95±0.85, the probing depth was 2.2±0.6mm and the clinical attachment level was 3.18±1.75mm. We observed that 1 patient (0.94%) did not have periodontal disease, 55 patients (51.40%) had slight, 28 (26.17%) moderate and 23 (21.49%) severe periodontal disease. Among 107 patients, 37 (34.58%) had low risk, 35 (32.71%) moderate risk and 35 (32.71%) high risk. Patients with severe periodontal disease showed 104.5 more chance of high risk compared with low risk individuals (odds ratio: 104.5; 95%CI: 10.7-1017.2; p<0.0001). Conclusion Most of patients with chronic renal disease presented periodontal disease, indicating the presence of chronic inflammatory and infection process that may influence in systemic conditions. A prevention and interventionist approach in this population is needed, especially to emphasize the importance of oral health. The periodontal risk assessment is a useful tool to create individualized periodontal therapies and to improve general health condition.


RESUMO Objetivo Traçar um perfil das condições periodontais de pacientes com doença renal crônica em hemodiálise e seu risco periodontal. Métodos Foram incluídos no estudo 115 pacientes em hemodiálise. Os parâmetros clínicos periodontais avaliados foram: índice de placa, índice gengival, profundidade de sondagem e perda de nível de inserção clínico. Os pacientes foram classificados de acordo com a presença e a gravidade da doença periodontal, bem como de acordo com o risco periodontal. Resultados Quanto aos parâmetros clínicos, 107 pacientes dentados (93%) apresentaram média de índice de placa de 1,53±0,78 e gengival de 0,95±0,85, profundidade de sondagem de 2,2±0,6mm e nível de inserção clínica de 3,18±1,75mm. Em relação à doença periodontal, 1 (0,94%) era saudável, 55 (51,40%) apresentavam periodontite leve, 28 (26,17%) moderada e 23 (21,49%) avançada. Com relação ao risco, dos 107 pacientes, 37 apresentavam risco baixo, 35 moderado e 35 alto. Os pacientes com doença periodontal avançada apresentaram 104,5 vezes mais chance de ter alto risco comparado ao baixo (odds ratio: 104,5; IC95%: 10,7-1017,2; p<0,0001). Conclusão A maioria dos pacientes com doença renal crônica apresentou doença periodontal, indicando um processo infeccioso e inflamatório crônico, que pode influenciar na condição sistêmica. Evidencia-se a necessidade de uma abordagem preventiva e intervencionista nesta população, enfatizando a importância da saúde bucal. A avaliação do risco periodontal seria uma ferramenta na elaboração de terapias periodontais individualizadas para uma melhor condição de saúde geral.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Enfermedades Periodontales/complicaciones , Diálisis Renal/efectos adversos , Medición de Riesgo , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/complicaciones , Enfermedades Periodontales/diagnóstico , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Índice Periodontal , Índice de Placa Dental , Estudios Transversales , Pérdida de la Inserción Periodontal/diagnóstico
19.
Int J Dent ; 2017: 9858073, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28473854

RESUMEN

Aim. To assess the clinical periodontal and medical parameters in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) at different levels of renal disease. Background. CRF is a progressive and irreversible loss of renal function associated with a decline in the glomerular filtration rate. Periodontal disease is a destructive inflammatory disease affecting periodontal tissues that shows high prevalence in patients with CRF. Materials and Methods. 102 CRF patients were included and divided into an early stage group (EG), predialysis group (PDG), and hemodialysis group (HDG). The medical parameters were taken from the patients' records. Results. Periodontal clinical condition differed among the CRF groups. Clinical attachment loss was greater in the HDG and PDG group compared to the EG (p = 0.0364); the same was observed in the Plaque Index (p = 0.0296); the others periodontal parameters did not show any differences. Ferritin levels were significantly higher in the HDG when compared to the EG and PGD (p < 0.0001), and fibrinogen was higher in PDG compared with the others (p < 0.0001); the triglycerides also showed higher values in the HDG compared with the other groups (p < 0.0001). Conclusion. The patients with renal involvement should have a multidisciplinary approach to an improvement in their oral and systemic health.

20.
J Int Acad Periodontol ; 19(4): 145-151, 2017 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473730

RESUMEN

Natural products, including propolis, are now frequently used to treat periodontal disease, but there are a few clinical studies in this area. The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of subgingival irrigation of periodontal pockets with a hydroalcoholic solution of propolis extract 20% (w/v) as an adjunct to periodontal therapy. Sixteen individuals were divided into a test group (TG), comprised 65 teeth (scaling and root planing + irrigation with propolis solution), and a control group (CG), comprised 62 teeth (scaling and root planing + irrigation with saline solution). Clinical data such as probing depth, plaque index, gingival index and oral hygiene index were collected at baseline (T0) and after 45 (T1), 75 (T2) and 90 (T3) days. Both groups showed significant differences among the evaluated periods. The TG presented more reduction (p < 0.05) of probing depth than CG at T1 and T3. Within the limits of this short-term study, these data suggest that irrigation with a hydroalcoholic solution of propolis extract 20% (w/v) as an adjunct in periodontal treatment was more effective than the mechanical treatment with saline solution in terms of reducing probing depth for up to 90 days from the beginning of treatment.

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