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1.
Hum Cell ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822325

RESUMEN

The goal of this research was to decipher the biological functions and mechanism of long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 200 (LINC00200) in gastric cancer (GC). In this study, our data confirmed that LINC00200 expression was up-regulated in GC tissues and its high expression was correlated with the poor differentiation of GC tissues and lymph node metastasis of the patients. In vitro experiments indicated that, the overexpression of LINC00200 facilitated the proliferation of GC cells, constrained their apoptosis, and increased the IC50 of oxaliplatin (Oxa), whereas knockdown of LINC00200 exhibited the opposite effects. Additionally, we demonstrated that LINC00200 could bind to E2F transcription factor 1 (E2F1), and the up-regulation of LINC00200 expression enhanced the binding between E2F1 and RAD51 promoter, hence promoting RAD51 transcription, while knockdown of LINC00200 inhibited the transcription of RAD51. In conclusion, LINC00200 may recruit E2F1 to the RAD51 recombinase (RAD51) promoter region, thereby up-regulating the expression of RAD51 and enhancing the chemoresistance of GC cells to Oxa. Our data suggested that LINC00200 could probably be a promising target for treating GC.

2.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 204: 106057, 2021 Mar 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836375

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patient-ventilator asynchrony (PVA) is the result of a mismatch between the need of patients and the assistance provided by the ventilator during mechanical ventilation. Because the poor interaction between the patient and the ventilator is associated with inferior clinical outcomes, effort should be made to identify and correct their occurrence. Deep learning has shown promising ability in PVA detection; however, lack of network interpretability hampers its application in clinic. METHODS: We proposed an interpretable one-dimensional convolutional neural network (1DCNN) to detect four most manifestation types of PVA (double triggering, ineffective efforts during expiration, premature cycling and delayed cycling) under pressure control ventilation mode and pressure support ventilation mode. A global average pooling (GAP) layer was incorporated with the 1DCNN model to highlight the sections of the respiratory waveform the model focused on when making a classification. Dilation convolution and batch normalization were introduced to the 1DCNN model for compensating the reduction of performance caused by the GAP layer. RESULTS: The proposed interpretable 1DCNN exhibited comparable performance with the state-of-the-art deep learning model in PVA detection. The F1 scores for the detection of four types of PVA under pressure control ventilation and pressure support ventilation modes were greater than 0.96. The critical sections of the waveform used to detect PVA were highlighted, and found to be well consistent with the understanding of the respective type of PVA by experts. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that the proposed 1DCNN can help detect PVA, and enhance the interpretability of the classification process to help clinicians better understand the results obtained from deep learning technology.

3.
Theranostics ; 11(10): 4585-4598, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754015

RESUMEN

Background: The genomic spectrum of biliary tract carcinoma (BTC) has been characterized and is associated with distinct anatomic and etiologic subtypes, yet limited studies have linked genomic alterations with personalized therapies in BTC patients. Methods: This study analyzed 803 patients with BTC:164 with gallbladder cancer, 475 with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and 164 with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. We determined genomic alterations, mutational signatures related to etiology and histopathology and prognostic biomarkers. Personalized targeted therapies for patients harboring potentially actionable targets (PATs) were investigated. Results: The median tumor mutation burden (TMB) was 1.23 Mut/Mb, with 4.1% of patients having hypermutated BTCs. Unlike the results obtained from the Western population, the most frequently altered cancer-related genes in our cohort included TP53 (53%), KRAS (26%), ARID1A (18%), LRP1B (14%) and CDKN2A (14%). Germline mutations occurred mostly in DNA damage repair genes. Notably, 35.8% of the ICCs harbored aristolochic acid related signatures and an elevated TMB. TP53 and KRAS mutations and amplified 7q31.2 were demonstrated to negatively affect patient prognosis. Moreover, 19 genes were proposed to be PATs in BTCs, with 25.4% of patients harboring these PATs. Forty-six patients received PAT-matched targeted therapies, achieving a 26.1% objective response rate; the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 5.0 months, with 56.8% of patients obtaining PFS benefits. Conclusions: Extensive genomic diversity and heterogeneity were observed among BTC patients, with contributions according to potential etiology exposures, anatomical subtypes and clinicopathological characteristics. We also demonstrated that patients with refractory BTCs who have PATs can derive considerable benefit from receiving a matched therapy, initiating further prospective clinical trials guided by molecular profiling among this aggressive cancer.

4.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 899: 174054, 2021 Mar 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771522

RESUMEN

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the initiation and development of cancer and participate in drug resistance. Paclitaxel (PTX) is a first-line chemotherapy drug for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The abnormal miRNA expression in NSCLC and its association with chemotherapy drug resistance remains largely unknown. The study aimed to investigate the aberrant expression of miR-221-3p in NSCLC and to elucidate its molecular mechanisms in relation to PTX resistance. PTX increased miR-221-3p expression and regulated MDM2/P53 expression in the PTX-sensitive NSCLC strain (A549). Meanwhile, miR-221-3p was rarely expressed and not interfered by PTX in PTX-resistant A549 cells (A549/Taxol). Dual-luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-221-3p specifically binds to MDM2 messenger RNA and inhibited MDM2 expression. The expression of MDM2 and P53 showed a negative correlation in NSCLC cell lines. MiR-221-3p down-regulation reduced the sensitivity of A549 cells to PTX, whereas its up-regulation partially reversed the A549/Taxol cells resistance to PTX and increased the chemosensitivity of A549/Taxol cells to PTX in xenograft models. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that miR-221-3p expression increased, whereas the MDM2 level decreased in human NSCLC tumor tissues. Moreover, Western bolt analysis showed that P53 was lowly expressed in tumor tissues with MDM2 overexpression. Low expression of miR-221-3p in NSCLC tissues might indicate a poor T staging. In conclusion, miR-221-3p overexpression could regulate MDM2/p53 signaling pathway to reverse the PTX resistance of NSCLC and induce apoptosis in vitro and vivo.

5.
Chemistry ; 2021 Mar 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780056

RESUMEN

As promising photoresponsive materials and potential smart materials, hybrid photochromic materials (HPMs), especially for crystalline HPMs (CHPMs), have been broadly explored for their potentiality in inheriting the merits of each constituents, and intriguing photomodulated functionality. Hitherto, the photoresponsive functionality in explored CHPMs mainly concentrate on dyad combination. By contrast, triple or quadruple photoresponsive properties are very rare because of the limited compatibility of multiple photoresponsive functionality in a single system. In this work, we utilize the electron-transfer (ET) and crystal engineering strategies to predesign CHPMs with multiple photoresponsive properties via the collaboration of paramagnetic metal ion (Dy3+), electron-donor (ED) ligand (benzene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid, H3BTA) and electron-acceptor (EA) ligand (1,10-phenanthroline, phen). The resulting complex [Dy(BTA)(phen)2]·2H2O (1) shows hybrid chain with the intrachain Dy3+ ions bridged and chelated by tricarboxylate and phen ligands, respectively. After photostimuli, the ET between tricarboxylate and phen gives birth to photogenerated radicals, resulting in the quadruple photoresponsive properties. Considering the abundant resources of paramagnetic metal ions, ED- and EA-ligands, our work provides a general method to construct CHPMs with multiple photoresponsive performances via the collaboration of each unit under the guidance of ET and crystal engineering strategies.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Mar 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729790

RESUMEN

Herein, we report a dia-type metal-organic hybrid network based on the [Ag4Br6] clusters and hexamethylenetetramine molecules wherein both the inorganic nodes and organic linkers feature adamantane-like geometry with a Td symmetry. The silver bromine complex presents a dual emission and exhibits an interesting luminescent thermochromism behavior. Remarkably, white-light emission can be readily realized through variation of the temperature. In addition, the title compound is expected to be competent as a luminescent thermometer for temperature identification.

7.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 124, 2021 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33736601

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The reformulated simethicone emulsion from Berlin Chemical AG might develop white flocculate precipitate covering the gastric mucosa when used before esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). We aim to investigate whether combining the reformulated simethicone emulsion with 5% sodium bicarbonate solution could prevent the development of white precipitate and improve visibility during EGD. METHODS: Our clinical study involved 523 patients. They were randomly assigned to two groups. In Group A, patients received a warm solution containing 30 ml 5% sodium bicarbonate solution and 15 ml reformulated simethicone emulsion. In Group B, patients received 45 ml 40 °C lukewarm water. Visibility scores were recorded and analyzed. Flushes, volume of flush water, overall time taken for EGD and complications during or after the procedure were also recorded. RESULTS: We found that no white precipitate was observed during EGD in Group A. Moreover, visibility scores in Group A were significantly lower (P < 0.01). Patients in Group A had fewer flushes (P < 0.01) and smaller volume of flush water (P < 0.01). In addition, the overall time taken for the EGD procedure was significantly shorter in Group A (P < 0.01). The percentage of patients who had no adverse response was significantly higher in Group A than in Group B (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Premedication with a mixed solution of 15 ml reformulated simethicone emulsion and 30 ml 5% sodium bicarbonate solution can prevent the development of white precipitate, substantially enhancing mucosal visibility safely. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The registered name of the trial is "Efficacy of using premedication with reformulated simethicone emulsion during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy examination". Its Current Controlled Trials number is ChiCTR1900021689. Its date of registration is 11 September 2019. Retrospectively registered, http://www.medresman.org.cn/uc/sindex.aspx .

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(1): 196-205, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645071

RESUMEN

The present study is to investigate the absorption characteristics of the main components in Polygonum orientale extract in normal and isoproterenol-induced myocardial ischemia model rats with everted intestinal sac models. Intestinal sac fluid samples were collected in different part of intestine(duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon) at different time after administration of different concentration of P. orientale extract(5.0,10.0, 20.0 mg·mL~(-1)). An UPLC-TQD method was employed for the determination of six components including orientin, isoorientin, vitexin, protocatechuic acid, kaempferol-3-O-ß-D-glucoside and quercitrin in the intestinal sac samples. The absorption rate and cumulative absorption were calculated to analyze the intestinal absorption characteristics of six components in normal and myocardial ischemia model rats. The P-glycoprotein(P-gp) inhibitor was applied to investigate influence of intestinal absorption of six components in P. orientale extract. The results showed that the main absorption sites were concentrated on the duodenum at low concentration, while they were the colon at the medium concentration and the ileum at high concentration in control groups. In the condition of myocardial ischemia model, the main absorption sites focus on the ileum and jejunum at low concentration; the main absorption sites were in the ileum at the medium concentration and main absorption sites were the duodenum and ileum at high concentration. Compared with the normal group, the absorption rate and cumulative absorption of the six components significantly decreased in the model group. P-gp inhibitor markedly increased the absorption rate and cumulative absorption of six components in the model group, inferring that the 6 components may be the substrates of P-gp, and the mechanism needs further study. In this study, it is revealed that the six components of P. orientale extract can be absorbed into the intestinal sac, and it is an effective method to assess the intestinal absorption characteristics of P. orientale extract through everted intestinal sac model, providing data support for the clinical application and further development of P. orientale.


Asunto(s)
Isquemia Miocárdica , Polygonum , Animales , Absorción Intestinal , Intestinos , Isoproterenol , Isquemia Miocárdica/inducido químicamente , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley
10.
3 Biotech ; 11(4): 162, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786279

RESUMEN

This study investigated the effect of autophagy-related gene transcription factor EB (TFEB) on the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and explored whether TFEB regulated RA by autophagy. The Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two groups (n = 6). The rats were stimulated with the mixture of the type II collagen and Freund's adjuvant or PBS at the root of the tail. Results showed that swollen and deformed joints were discovered, the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were elevated, and hematoxylin and eosin staining showed the inflammatory cells infiltrate the synovial tissue in the RA rats, compared to the control group. Immunohistochemistry displayed that the expressions of TFEB and LC3B increased in the synovial tissues of RA rats, whereas p62 decreased. The silence of TFEB in the RA-fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLS) decreased the protein expressions of LC3B, compared to the siRNA NC group. Meanwhile, the activity of FLS was raised, whereas the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 decreased in RA-FLS with TFEB knockdown. In conclusion, our study revealed that TFEB plays a crucial role in the progress of RA by regulating autophagy, which might provide novel targets for the therapy of RA.

11.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5945, 2021 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723309

RESUMEN

CARMIL2 is required for CD28-mediated co-stimulation of NF-κB signaling in T cells and its deficiency has been associated with primary immunodeficiency and, recently, very early onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Here we describe the identification of novel biallelic CARMIL2 variants in three patients presenting with pediatric-onset IBD and in one with autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome (APS). None manifested overt clinical signs of immunodeficiency before their diagnosis. The first patient presented with very early onset IBD. His brother was found homozygous for the same CARMIL2 null variant and diagnosed with APS. Two other IBD patients were found homozygous for a nonsense and a missense CARMIL2 variant, respectively, and they both experienced a complicated postoperative course marked by severe infections. Immunostaining of bowel biopsies showed reduced CARMIL2 expression in all the three patients with IBD. Western blot and immunofluorescence of transfected cells revealed an altered expression pattern of the missense variant. Our work expands the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of CARMIL2 deficiency, which can present with either IBD or APS, aside from classic immunodeficiency manifestations. CARMIL2 should be included in the diagnostic work-up of patients with suspected monogenic IBD.

12.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 95: 107527, 2021 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743314

RESUMEN

Liver damage induced by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) remains a primary issue in liver transplantation and resection. Alpinetin, a novel plant flavonoid derived from Alpinia katsumadai Hayata, is widely used to treat various inflammatory diseases. However, the effects of alpinetin on hepatic I/R injury remain unclear. The present study investigated the protective effects of alpinetin pretreatment on hepatic I/R injury in mice. C57BL/6 mice were subjected to 1 h of partial hepatic ischemia followed by 6 h of reperfusion. Alpinetin (50 mg/kg) was given by intraperitoneal injection 1 h before liver ischemia. The blood and liver tissues were collected to assess biochemical indicators, hepatocyte damage, and levels of proteins related to signaling pathways. Furthermore, a hepatocytes hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model was established for in vitro experiments. In vivo, we observed that alpinetin significantly attenuated the increases in alanine aminotransferase, aspartate transaminase, proinflammatory cytokines, hepatocyte damage, and apoptosis caused by hepatic I/R. Moreover, the hepatic I/R-induced nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways were suppressed by alpinetin. In vitro, we also observed that alpinetin inhibited the inflammatory response, apoptosis, and activation of the NF-κB/MAPK pathways in hepatocytes after H/R treatment. Our data indicate that alpinetin ameliorated the inflammatory response and apoptosis induced by hepatic I/R injury in mice. The protective effects of alpinetin on hepatic I/R injury may be due to its ability to inhibit the NF-κB/MAPK signaling pathways. These results suggest that alpinetin is a promising potential therapeutic reagent for hepatic I/R injury.

13.
Nat Genet ; 53(4): 500-510, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33782605

RESUMEN

Spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) is a critical immune signaling molecule and therapeutic target. We identified damaging monoallelic SYK variants in six patients with immune deficiency, multi-organ inflammatory disease such as colitis, arthritis and dermatitis, and diffuse large B cell lymphomas. The SYK variants increased phosphorylation and enhanced downstream signaling, indicating gain of function. A knock-in (SYK-Ser544Tyr) mouse model of a patient variant (p.Ser550Tyr) recapitulated aspects of the human disease that could be partially treated with a SYK inhibitor or transplantation of bone marrow from wild-type mice. Our studies demonstrate that SYK gain-of-function variants result in a potentially treatable form of inflammatory disease.

14.
Environ Pollut ; 276: 116737, 2021 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618119

RESUMEN

The presence of antibiotics such as erythromycin, even in trace amounts, has long been acknowledged for negatively impacting ecosystems in freshwater environments. Although many studies have focused on the impact of antibiotic pollution at a macroecological level, the impact of erythromycin on microecosystems, such as freshwater biofilms, is still not fully understood. This knowledge gap may be attributed to the lack of robust multispecies biofilm models for fundamental investigations. Here, we used a lab-cultured multispecies biofilm model to elucidate the holistic response of a microbial community to erythromycin exposure using metagenomic and metabolomic approaches. Metagenomic analyses revealed that biofilm microbial diversity did not alter following erythromycin exposure. Notably, certain predicted metabolic pathways such as cell-cell communication pathways, amino acid metabolism, and peptidoglycan biosynthesis, mainly by the phyla Actinobacteria, Alpha/Beta-proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Verrucomicrobia, were found to be involved in the maintenance of homeostasis-like balance in the freshwater biofilm. Further untargeted metabolomics data highlighted changes in lipid metabolism and linoleic acid metabolism and their related molecules as a direct consequence of erythromycin exposure. Overall, the study presented a unique picture of how multispecies biofilms respond to single environmental stress exposures. Moreover, the study demonstrated the feasibility of using lab simulated multispecies biofilms for investigating their interaction and reactivity of specific bioactive compounds or pollutants at a fundamental level.


Asunto(s)
Eritromicina , Microbiota , Biopelículas , Eritromicina/toxicidad , Metabolómica , Metagenoma
15.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 41(1): 51-58, 2021 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33522197

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of water fraction from Dioscorea cirrhosa (WF) on oxidative damage and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes induced by H2O2, and to study its mechanism. METHODS: Cell viability was measured by the MST assay kit. The content of malondialdehyde (MDA), release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and activity of catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were detected by biochemical kit. The content of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was assessed by nonfluorescent probe 2' ,7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFH-DA). JC-1 was used to analyze the mitochondrial membrane potential (mtΔΨ) and Annexin-V-FITC/PI staining was applied to assess apoptosis of H9c2 by flow cytometry. Moreover, the expression of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X (Bax), caspase-3, caspase-9, cleaved-caspase-3 and cleaved-caspase -9 proteins was determined by western blot analysis. RESULTS: WF increased cell viability and decreased LDH leakage in H9c2 cells exposed to H2O2. WF treatment decreased ROS and MDA level, enhanced SOD and CAT activities, improved mtΔΨ and inhibited apoptosis. Western blot analysis demonstrated that the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax was increased and the expression cleaved-caspase-3, caspase-3, cleaved-caspase-9 and caspase-9 were decreased in group treated with WF. CONCLUSION: WF protects H9c2 myocardial cells on H2O2-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis by scavenging ROS, improving antioxidant capacity, protecting mitochondrial and regulating the proteins expression related to apoptosis.

16.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1151: 338253, 2021 Mar 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608082

RESUMEN

Herein, a dried droplet method (DDM) with superhydrophobic-induced enrichment is reported for stable and ultrasensitive analysis of organic pollutants and heavy metals. A superhydrophobic (SHB) substrate was prepared as an analytical detection platform for the DDM. This SHB substrate was synthesized by sequentially coating polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) onto glass substrate surface. In the droplet drying process, the SHB substrate was demonstrated to suppress the coffee ring effect (CRE) and enriched analyte concentration. Combining with Raman spectroscopy for analysis of methylene blue (MB), and with laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for analysis of chromium (Cr), the results indicated high stability and ultra-sensitivity for organic pollutants and heavy metals detection. Overall, the DDM with superhydrophobic-induced enrichment has big potential in applications requiring stable and ultrasensitive analysis.

17.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 212: 111980, 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545408

RESUMEN

This paper investigated the toxic effect and mechanism of ultrafine carbon black (UFCB) on splenocytes and enzymes in the digestive system. It was found that the toxicity of UFCB to splenocytes was dose-dependent. UFCB with a low concentration (<15 µg/mL) had no significant effect on splenocytes while UFCB with high concentration (>15 µg/mL) induced significant oxidative damage with increased content of reactive oxygen species (ROS) (134%) and malonaldehyde (MDA) (222.3%) along with the decreased activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) (55.63%) and catalase (CAT) (87.73%). Analysis combined cellular and molecular levels indicated that UFCB induced splenocyte toxicity through oxidative stress. The interactions of UFCB with two important digestive enzymes, α-amylase and lipase, were also studied respectively. Results showed that the interaction of UFCB and the two enzymes altered the particle size and fluorescence intensity in both experimental systems. The formation of protein corona also resulted in the contraction of the polypeptide skeleton in both enzymes, which further inhibited their activity. Our work provided basic data on the toxicity of UFCB in the spleen and digestive system and fills the gap in the study of UFPs toxicity. CAPSULE: UFCB induced splenocyte toxicity and enzyme dysfunction through oxidative stress and protein corona formation respectively.


Asunto(s)
Hollín/toxicidad , Bazo/fisiología , Animales , Ratones , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Tamaño de la Partícula , Proteínas/metabolismo , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Bazo/efectos de los fármacos , Bazo/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutasa/metabolismo
18.
Mol Ther ; 2021 Feb 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578037

RESUMEN

Alzheimer's disease (AD)-one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases worldwide-impairs cognition, memory, and language ability and causes dementia. However, AD pathogenesis remains poorly elucidated. Recently, a potential link between AD and circular RNAs (circRNAs) has been uncovered, but only a few circRNAs that might be involved in AD have been identified. Here, we systematically investigated circRNAs in the APP/PS1 model mouse brain through deep RNA sequencing. We report that circRNAs are markedly enriched in the brain and that several circRNAs exhibit differential expression between wild-type and APP/PS1 mice. We characterized one abundant circRNA, circTulp4, derived from Intron1 of the gene Tulp4. Our results indicate that circTulp4 predominantly localizes in the nucleus and interacts with U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle (snRNP) and RNA polymerase II to modulate the transcription of its parental gene, Tulp4, and thereby regulate the function of the nervous system, and might participate in the development of AD.

19.
J Fluoresc ; 31(3): 747-754, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33638767

RESUMEN

Oral cancer disease is among the most common cancers in the world and are associated with mortality and morbidity. The characterization of saliva samples may help to distinguish patients with oral cancer disease from normal subjects. To characterize spectra of saliva samples from normal subjects and oral cancer patients by use of fluorescence, absorption, and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. Whole unstimulated saliva samples were collected from patients with oral cancer disease and normal subjects. The saliva samples were analyzed by absorption, fluorescence and 1H-NMR spectroscopic techniques. The characteristic spectra of saliva samples from patients with oral cancer disease and normal subjects were compared. For fluorescence spectroscopic studies, six fluorophores were found in saliva samples. Autofluorescence emission spectra and synchronous spectra of saliva were different between normal subjects and oral cancer patients. For absorption spectroscopic studies, the typical absorption spectra of saliva samples from normal subjects and oral cancer patients were also different in absorption intensity, 1st and 2nd derivative of absorption spectra values. For 1H-NMR studies, nine metabolites and four metabolites were found in saliva samples taken from normal subjects and oral cancer patients, respectively. The metabolic profiles of saliva samples from normal subjects and oral cancer patients were not similar. The characteristic spectra of saliva samples from normal subjects and oral cancer patients were found. These results showed differences in the spectra of saliva samples between both that groups. The spectra from each spectroscopic techniques could determine a candidate saliva biomarkers for distinguishing patients with oral cancer disease from normal subjects.

20.
Fitoterapia ; 151: 104867, 2021 Feb 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33621655

RESUMEN

Salvia castanea (Family Labiatae), a perennial fragrant herb with castaneous flowers, is mainly distributed in areas with an altitude of 2500-3750 m. The roots of this plant were used as a tea drink by local residents to strengthen physical health. The aim of present study was to acquire secondary metabolites of the ethanol extract obtained from the whole plant of S. castanea and to evaluate their potential anti-Alzheimer's disease. Six new sesquiterpene lactones, salcastanins A-F (1-6), together with three known guaiane-type sesquiterpenoids nubiol (7), nubdienolide (8), and nubenolide (9), were separated from the whole plant of S. castanea. The structures of these compounds were determined by HRESIMS and NMR experiments. The absolute configurations of 1-6 were ascertained by electronic circular dichroism (ECD) experiments. The humanized Caenorhabditis elegans AD pathological model was used to evaluate anti-Alzheimer's disease (AD) activities of 1-9. The results showed the compounds 1-3 and 7 significantly delayed AD-like symptoms of worm paralysis phenotype, which could be used as novel anti-AD candidates.

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