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1.
Biomed Mater ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545700

RESUMEN

The antitumor efficacy of various paclitaxel (PTX) and docetaxel (DTX) formulations in clinical applications is seriously affected by drug resistance. Cabazitaxel, a second-generation taxane, exhibits greater anticancer activity than paclitaxel and docetaxel and has low affinity for the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) efflux pump because of its structure. Therefore, cabazitaxel has the potential to overcome taxane resistance. However, owing to the high systemic toxicity and hydrophobicity of cabazitaxel and the instability of its commercial preparation, Jevtana®, the clinical use of cabazitaxel is restricted to patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who show progression after docetaxel-based chemotherapy. Nanomedicine is expected to overcome the limitations associated with cabazitaxel application and surmount taxane resistance. This review outlines the drug delivery systems of cabazitaxel published in recent years, summarizes the challenges faced in the development of cabazitaxel nanoformulations, and proposes strategies to overcome these challenges.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3140, 2021 Feb 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33542428

RESUMEN

Persistent neck-pain disability (PNPD) is common following traumatic stress exposures such as motor vehicle collision (MVC). Substantial literature indicates that fat infiltration into neck muscle (MFI) is associated with post-MVC PNPD. However, little is known about the molecular mediators underlying this association. In the current study, we assessed whether microRNA expression signatures predict PNPD and whether microRNA mediate the relationship between neck MFI and PNPD. A nested cohort of 43 individuals from a longitudinal study of MVC survivors, who provided blood (PAXgene RNA) and underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), were included in the current study. Peritraumatic microRNA expression levels were quantified via small RNA sequencing, neck MFI via MRI, and PNPD via the Neck Disability Index two-weeks, three-months, and twelve-months following MVC. Repeated measures regression models were used to assess the relationship between microRNA and PNPD and to perform mediation analyses. Seventeen microRNA predicted PNPD following MVC. One microRNA, let-7i-5p, mediated the relationship between neck MFI and PNPD. Peritraumatic blood-based microRNA expression levels predict PNPD following MVC and let-7i-5p might contribute to the underlying effects of neck MFI on persistent disability. In conclusion, additional studies are needed to validate this finding.

3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33567625

RESUMEN

To discuss the coupling coordination relationship among tourism carbon emissions, economic development and regional innovation it is not only necessary to realize the green development of tourism economy, but also great significance for the tourism industry to take a low-carbon path. Taking the 30 provinces of China for example, this paper calculated the tourism carbon emission efficiency based on the super-efficiency Slacks based measure and Data envelope analyse (SBM-DEA) model from 2007 to 2017, and on this basis, defined a compound system that consists of tourism carbon emissions, tourism economic development and tourism regional innovation. Further, the coupling coordination degree model and dynamic degree model were used to explore its spatiotemporal evolution characteristics of balanced development, and this paper distinguished the core influencing factors by Geodetector model. The results showed that (1) during the study period, the tourism carbon emission efficiency showed a reciprocating trend of first rising and then falling, mainly due to the change of pure technical efficiency. (2) The coupling coordination degree developed towards a good trend, while there were significant differences among provinces, showing a gradient distribution pattern of decreasing from east to west. Additionally, (3) the core driving factors varied over time, however, in general, the influence from high to low were as follows: technological innovation, economic development, urbanization, environmental pollution control, and industrial structure. Finally, some policy recommendations were put forward to further promote the coupling coordination degree.

4.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 166, 2021 Feb 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568111

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: An unexpected dengue outbreak occurred in Hunan Province in 2018. This was the first dengue outbreak in this area of inland China, and 172 cases were reported. METHODS: To verify the causative agent of this outbreak and characterise the viral genes, the genes encoding the structural proteins C/prM/E of viruses isolated from local residents were sequenced followed by mutation and phylogenetic analysis. Recombination, selection pressure, potential secondary structure and three-dimensional structure analyses were also performed. RESULTS: Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all epidemic strains were of the cosmopolitan DENV-2 genotype and were most closely related to the Zhejiang strain (MH010629, 2017) and then the Malaysia strain (KJ806803, 2013). Compared with the sequence of DENV-2SS, 151 base substitutions were found in the sequences of 89 isolates; these substitutions resulted in 20 non-synonymous mutations, of which 17 mutations existed in all samples (two in the capsid protein, six in the prM/M proteins, and nine in the envelope proteins). Moreover, amino acid substitutions at the 602nd (E322:Q → H) and 670th (E390: N → S) amino acids may have enhanced the virulence of the epidemic strains. One new DNA binding site and five new protein binding sites were observed. Two polynucleotide binding sites and seven protein binding sites were lost in the epidemic strains compared with DENV-2SS. Meanwhile, five changes were found in helical regions. Minor changes were observed in helical transmembrane and disordered regions. The 429th amino acid of the E protein switched from a histamine (positively charged) to an asparagine (neutral) in all 89 isolated strains. No recombination events or positive selection pressure sites were observed. To our knowledge, this study is the first to analyse the genetic characteristics of epidemic strains in the first dengue outbreak in Hunan Province in inland China. CONCLUSIONS: The causative agent is likely to come from Zhejiang Province, a neighbouring province where dengue fever broke out in 2017. This study may help clarify the intrinsic geographical relatedness of DENV-2 and contribute to further research on pathogenicity and vaccine development.

5.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Feb 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33616137

RESUMEN

The isolation of specific and sensitive circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is significant for applying them in cancer diagnosis and monitoring. In this work, dual aptamer-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanofiber-based microfluidic devices were fabricated to achieve the highly efficient capture and specific release of epithelial and mesenchymal CTCs of ovarian cancer. Dual aptamer targeting epithelial cell adhesion molecules (EpCAM) and N-cadherin proteins to improve the capture sensitivity, bovine serum albumin (BSA) to guarantee the capture purity and the nanofibers to increase the capture efficiency via synchronously and effectively capturing the epithelial and mesenchymal CTCs with good capture specificity and sensitivity from blood samples were used. We used the target cells including the ovarian cancer A2780 cells (N-cadherin-high, EpCAM-low) and OVCAR-3 cells (EpCAM-high, N-cadherin-low) to test the devices, which exhibited good capture efficiency (91% for A2780 cells, 89% for OVCAR-3 cells), release efficiency (95% for A2780 cells, 88% for OVCAR-3 cells), and sensitivity for rare cells (92% for A2780 cells, 88% for OVCAR-3 cells). Finally, the clinical blood samples of ovarian cancer patients were detected by the PLGA nanofiber-based microfluidic device, and 1 to 13 CTCs were successfully confirmed to be captured with the help of immunofluorescence staining identification. The results exhibited that the dual aptamer-modified PLGA nanofiber-based microfluidic device used as a tool for CTC capture has the potential for clinical application to guide the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of ovarian cancer patients.

6.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33621077

RESUMEN

Screening potential compounds for improving ulcerative colitis (UC) from clinical medication is an effective strategy for drug repurposing. We applied bioinformatics and network pharmacology to the drug screening process in this study, which helped us to screen out troxerutin that could improve UC. Troxerutin belongs to flavonoids and is used clinically as an anticoagulant and thrombolytic agent. This study found a new pharmacological activity of troxerutin, that is, it had a significant improvement effect on UC in mice. Experimental results of in vitro and in vivo levels showed that troxerutin could effectively reduce the level of oxidative stress that caused damages in intestinal epithelial cells and colonic tissue, maintain the distribution and expression of tight junction-related proteins, and protect the barrier function of colon tissue. In addition to the oxidative stress, severe inflammatory response is also an important pathological factor that aggravates UC. However, troxerutin could reduce the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the colon tissue and decrease the expression of inflammation-related proteins and proinflammatory cytokines. Due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, troxerutin inhibited the process of cell apoptosis in the colon tissue and relieved the degree of colonic fibrosis. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the ameliorating effect of troxerutin on UC was probably related to its network regulation of signaling pathways. In summary, we discovered a new pharmacological activity of the flavonoid troxerutin against UC, which is conducive to the expansion and application of flavonoids in the treatment of human diseases.

7.
Biomaterials ; 271: 120716, 2021 Feb 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33621894

RESUMEN

Chemotherapy is a major approach for treating breast cancer patients. Paradoxically, it can also induce cancer progression. Understanding post-chemotherapy metastasis mechanism will help the development of new therapeutic strategies to ameliorate chemotherapy-induced cancer progression. In this study, we deciphered the role of HMGB1 in the regulation of TLR4-mediated epithelial to mesenchymal transitions (EMT) process on doxorubicin (Dox)-treated 4T1 breast cancer cells. Berberine (Ber), a clinically approved alkaloid has been demonstrated as an HMGB1-TLR4 axis regulator to Dox-exacerbated breast cancer metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Hypothesizing that combination of Dox and Ber would be beneficial for breast cancer chemotherapy, we engineered self-assembled nanodrug (DBNP) consisting of Dox and Ber without the aid of additional carriers. After cloaking with 4T1 cell membranes, DBNP@CM exhibited higher accumulation at tumor sites and prolonged blood circulation time in 4T1 orthotopic tumor-bearing mice than DBNP. Importantly, DBNP@CM not only effectively inhibited tumor growth with fewer side effects, but also remarkably suppressed pulmonary metastasis via blocking HMGB1-TLR4 axis. Together, our results have provided a promising combination strategy to dampen chemotherapy-exacerbated breast cancer metastasis and shed light on the development of biomimetic nanodrug for efficient and safe breast cancer chemotherapy.

8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(3): 1146-1155, 2021 Jan 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464051

RESUMEN

The lipidome and fatty acid composition of human milk and different infant formulas with animal- and/or plant-based fat sources are analyzed and compared in this study. The results obtained using positive and negative ionization modes indicate that there are 48 and 71 lipid species, respectively, that are common between the human milk and infant formulas. Moreover, the fatty acid composition in infant formulas varies significantly, depending on the fat source. Human milk is rich in triacylglycerols that contain linoleic acid, α-linolenic acid, arachidonic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid. Meanwhile, the triacylglycerols in IFB comprise long-chain fatty acids at the sn-1,3 position. Compared to human milk, IFC has the same level of sphingomyelin species. Based on univariate and multivariate analyses, there are 37, 34, 31, and 36 lipid species that can be used to distinguish between human milk and infant formulas. Overall, the results reported herein are useful in designing new milk formulas that better mimic human milk.

9.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 895: 173887, 2021 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482182

RESUMEN

Despite the remarkable clinical response in ovarian cancer therapy, the distinctively high metastasis rate is still a barrier to achieve satisfying prognosis. Our study aimed to decipher the role of berberine in inhibiting chemotherapy-exacerbated ovarian cancer metastasis. We found that chemotherapy exacerbated the migration and cancer stem cell (CSC)-like characteristics through transcriptional factor GLI1, which regulated the pluripotency-associated gene BMI1 and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers Vimentin and Snail. Berberine could not only down-regulate CSC-like characteristics but also reverse EMT and migration through inhibiting chemotherapy-activated GLI1/BMI1 signaling pathway. Together, our study revealed the pivotal role of berberine in overcoming chemotherapy-exacerbated ovarian cancer metastasis, thereby provided a potential adjuvant therapeutic agent in combination with chemotherapeutics to prevent metastasis during ovarian cancer chemotherapy.

10.
Arch Virol ; 166(3): 863-870, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33495898

RESUMEN

A dengue virus serotype 1 (DENV-1) epidemic occurred from October to December 2018 in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, Southwest China, neighboring Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam. In this study, we investigated the molecular characteristics, evolution, and potential source of DENV from Xishuangbanna. The C (capsid), prM (premembrane), and E (envelope) genes of DENV isolated from 87 serum samples obtained from local patients were amplified and sequenced, and the sequences were evaluated by identification of mutations, phylogenetic and homologous recombination analysis, and secondary structure prediction. Phylogenetic analysis showed that all of the epidemic DENV strains from Xishuangbanna could be grouped in a branch with DENV-1 isolates, and were most similar to the Fujian 2005 (China, DQ193572) and Singapore 2016 (MF314188) strains. When compared with DENV-1SS (the standard strain), there were 31 non-synonymous mutations, but no obvious homologous recombination signal was found. Secondary structure prediction showed that some changes had occurred in a helical region in proteins of the MN123849 and MN123854 strains, but there were few changes in the disordered region. This study reveals the molecular characteristics of the structural genes of the Xishuangbanna epidemic strains in 2018 and provides a reference for molecular epidemiology, infection, and pathogenicity research and vaccine development.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas de la Cápside/genética , Virus del Dengue/genética , Dengue/epidemiología , Proteínas del Envoltorio Viral/genética , Secuencia de Aminoácidos , China/epidemiología , Virus del Dengue/clasificación , Virus del Dengue/aislamiento & purificación , Brotes de Enfermedades , Genotipo , Humanos , Epidemiología Molecular , Filogenia , ARN Viral/genética , Alineación de Secuencia , Análisis de Secuencia de ARN , Serogrupo
11.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(1): 159-169, 2021 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33382265

RESUMEN

The particle size and fatty acid release of droplets covered with milk fat globule membrane phospholipids with different particle sizes (large/MPL-L; medium/MPL-M; and small/MPL-S) and emulsions with different sources (droplets covered with MPL/MPLs; human milk/HM; and infant formula/IF) were investigated using an infant digestion model. During digestion, droplets exhibited different degrees of aggregation, and the order of the particle size was MPL-L > MPL-M > MPL-S. MPL-M and MPL-S were significantly higher than MPL-L in the release of free fatty acids. No significant difference was observed in the FFA release rate between MPLs and HM. However, the rate was significantly higher than that of IF in the intestinal stage. Compared to IF, a higher content of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and a lower content of saturated fatty acid were observed in MPLs and HM.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(1): 1-8, 2021 Jan 08.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372451

RESUMEN

Since 2013, the Chinese government implemented the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan. As a result, the atmospheric concentrations of sulfate reduced significantly, whereas the nitrate concentrations remain relatively high due to the excess of ammonia (NH3). To date, there is no official observation network monitoring NH3 concentrations in China. Previous studies have focused on NH3 or ammonium (NH4+) separately. These limitations hinder a complete understanding of their dynamic changes due to the rapid gas-to-particle conversion. In this study, the concentrations of NH3 and NH4+ were measured concurrently in urban Beijing during autumn 2019 utilizing an acid-coated denuder-filter combination with a time resolution from 2 h (PM2.5>35 µg·m-3) to 5 h (PM2.5<35 µg·m-3). The mean concentrations of NH3 and NH4+ during the study were (4.1±2.9)µg·m-3 and (1.7±1.4) µg·m-3, respectively. The temporal patterns of NH3 or NH4+ coincided with that of PM2.5, CO, and NO2 throughout the sampling period. The diurnal distributions of NH3 were bimodal, both on polluted (PM2.5>75 µg·m-3) and non-polluted (PM2.5<75 µg·m-3) days, peaking at 21:30-05:30 and 05:30-08:30, respectively. The NH3 concentrations on polluted days were relatively lower during 17:30-21:30, which may be related to higher wind speeds. In contrast to NH3, NH4+ had an obvious peak during 17:30-21:30 due to the formation of ammonium nitrate. The meteorological conditions favor the gas-to-particle conversion on polluted days, resulting in a lower NH3/NH4+ ratio of 0.8. However, this value may reach 2.8 on non-polluted days. The concentrations of NH3, CO, NO2, SO2, and PM2.5 in the emission control period showed a significant increase greater than or comparable to those in the non-control period by 54.2%, 40.4%, 33.3%, 0%, and 49.4%, respectively. This result shows that the stagnant conditions offset the benefit of emission control actions implemented during and before the National Celebration Day.

13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700465

RESUMEN

Lung cancer is considered to cause the most cancer-related deaths worldwide. Due to the deficiency in early-stage diagnostics and local invasion or distant metastasis, the first line of treatment for most patients unsuitable for surgery is chemotherapy, targeted therapy or immunotherapy. Nanocarriers with the function of improving drug solubility, in vivo stability, drug distribution in the body, and sustained and targeted delivery, can effectively improve the effect of drug treatment and reduce toxic and side effects, and have been used in clinical treatment for lung cancer and many types of cancers. Here, we review nanoparticle (NP) formulation for lung cancer treatment including liposomes, polymers, and inorganic NPs via systemic and inhaled administration, and highlight the works of overcoming drug resistance and improving cancer immunotherapy. This article is categorized under: Therapeutic Approaches and Drug Discovery > Nanomedicine for Oncologic Disease.

14.
Magn Reson Med ; 85(2): 855-867, 2021 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32851676

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Respiratory motion in cardiovascular MRI presents a challenging problem with many potential solutions. Current approaches require breath-holds, apply retrospective image registration, or significantly increase scan time by respiratory gating. Myocardial T1 and T2 mapping techniques are particularly sensitive to motion as they require multiple source images to be accurately aligned prior to the estimation of tissue relaxation. We propose a patient-specific prospective motion correction (PROCO) strategy that corrects respiratory motion on the fly with the goal of reducing the spatial variation of myocardial parametric mapping techniques. METHODS: A rapid, patient-specific training scan was performed to characterize respiration-induced motion of the heart relative to a diaphragmatic navigator, and a parametric mapping pulse sequence utilized the resulting motion model to prospectively update the scan plane in real-time. Midventricular short-axis T1 and T2 maps were acquired under breath-hold or free-breathing conditions with and without PROCO in 7 healthy volunteers and 3 patients. T1 and T2 were measured in 6 segments and compared to reference standard breath-hold measurements using Bland-Altman analysis. RESULTS: PROCO significantly reduced the spatial variation of parametric maps acquired during free-breathing, producing limits of agreement of -47.16 to 30.98 ms (T1 ) and -1.35 to 4.02 ms (T2 ), compared to -67.77 to 74.34 ms (T1 ) and -2.21 to 5.62 ms (T2 ) for free-breathing acquisition without PROCO. CONCLUSION: Patient-specific respiratory PROCO method significantly reduced the spatial variation of myocardial T1 and T2 mapping, while allowing for 100% efficient free-breathing acquisitions.

15.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 12021-12028, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262652

RESUMEN

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease that has been spreading very fast worldwide. Up to now, there is scarce information regarding the clinical features and short-term outcomes of infected patients with cancer. Methods: We performed a retrospective study in Wuhan Union Hospital from Feb 14, 2020, to Mar 15, 2020, China. Data were retrieved including demographic and clinical features, laboratory findings, and outcome data. Patients were classified into the discharged group and undischarged group by the 4-week outcomes from admission. Difference analysis and correlation analysis were performed between the two groups. Results: A total of 37 patients were enrolled in the study, including 27 cancer survivors in routine follow-up. Breast cancer (18.9%) was the most frequent cancer type, and common symptoms included cough (54.1%), fever (48.6%), and fatigue (27%). Lymphocytopenia and hypoproteinemia were much frequent in patients who had received chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or surgery within the past month. However, the concentration of D-dimer (median: 3.75 vs 0.43, P =0.010) and fibrin degradation products (median: 23.60 vs 1.80, P =0.002) were evidently increased in this population compared with cancer survivors. At the end of follow-up, 83.8% of the enrolled patients were discharged. Among the discharged, women (48.6%) and cancer survivors (67.6%) showed better short-term outcomes. The elevated level of FDP was significantly higher in the undischarged group (median: 21.85 vs 2.00, P =0.049). The proportion of CD3-positive lymphocyte cells and CD4-positive lymphocytes was correlated with short-term outcomes. Conclusion: Peripheral lymphocyte subset (CD3-positive and CD4-positive) on admission as a novel biomarker had a potential association with early efficacy. Cancer survivors in routine follow-up would achieve better short-term outcomes. COVID-19 patients with cancer should gain more attention and close monitoring.

16.
J Int Med Res ; 48(12): 300060520979151, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33322988

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Association of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) use with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains controversial. We aimed to investigate the impact of ACEI/ARB use on all-cause mortality in severe COVID-19 patients with hypertension. METHODS: We enrolled 650 COVID-19 patients from Changsha and Wuhan city between 17 January 2020 and 8 March 2020. Demographic, clinical characteristics, and outcomes were collected. Multivariable analysis and propensity-score matching were performed to assess the impact of ACEI/ARB therapy on mortality. RESULTS: Among the 650 patients, 126 who had severe COVID-19 concomitant with hypertension were analyzed. The average age was 66 years and 56 (44.4%) were men. There were 37 ACEI/ARB users and 21 in-hospital deaths (mortality rate, 16.7%). Male sex (odds ratio [OR], 5.13; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.75 to 17.8), but not ACEI/ARB use (OR, 1.09; 95%CI, 0.31 to 3.43), was an independent risk factor for mortality in severe COVID-19 patients with hypertension. After propensity-score matching, 60 severe COVID-19 patients were included and no significant correlation between use of ACEI/ARB and mortality was observed. CONCLUSIONS: There was no significant association of ACEI/ARB use with mortality in severe COVID-19 patients with hypertension. These findings support the continuation of ACEI/ARB therapy for such patients.


Asunto(s)
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/efectos adversos , Inhibidores de la Enzima Convertidora de Angiotensina/efectos adversos , Hipertensión/tratamiento farmacológico , Anciano , /complicaciones , /virología , Femenino , Regulación de la Expresión Génica/efectos de los fármacos , Mortalidad Hospitalaria , Humanos , Hipertensión/complicaciones , Masculino , Pandemias , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/efectos de los fármacos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , /patogenicidad , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Glicoproteína de la Espiga del Coronavirus/metabolismo , Internalización del Virus/efectos de los fármacos
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(50): e23534, 2020 Dec 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327301

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Fetal supraventricular tachyarrhythmia is a common reason for referral to fetal cardiology. Multiple antiarrhythmic transplacental medications can be used to treat these diseases. Debates remain regarding the standardized therapy. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and ClinicalTrials.gov will be searched from inception to September 2020. A handsearching for gray literature, including unpublished conference articles, will be performed. The randomized control trials, case-control, and cohort studies will be accepted, no matter what the languages they were reported. We will first focus on the effectiveness of the therapy on fetal cardiac rhythm and/or heart rate. Then we will do further analysis of preterm delivery, fetal hydrops, intrauterine fetal demise, and maternal side effects. The Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale will be used to assess the risk of bias of the randomized controlled trials, case-control, and cohort studies, respectively. Two independent reviewers will carry out literature identification, data collection, and study quality assessment. Discrepancies will be resolved by a third reviewer. Statistical analysis will be conducted using the STATA 13.0 software. RESULT: The results will provide helpful information about the effect of multiple antiarrhythmic transplacental therapies in pregnancies with supraventricular tachycardia or atrial flutter, and demonstrate which therapy is more effective. CONCLUSION: The conclusion drawn from this systematic review will benefit the patients with fetal supraventricular tachyarrhythmia.


Asunto(s)
Antiarrítmicos/uso terapéutico , Taquicardia Supraventricular/embriología , Antiarrítmicos/administración & dosificación , Aleteo Atrial/tratamiento farmacológico , Aleteo Atrial/embriología , Quimioterapia Combinada , Femenino , Humanos , Intercambio Materno-Fetal , Embarazo , Taquicardia Supraventricular/tratamiento farmacológico
18.
Head Face Med ; 16(1): 29, 2020 Nov 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213460

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Periodontal health is of great concern for periodontists and orthodontists in the inter-disciplinary management of patients with bimaxillary protrusion. The aim of present study is to investigate changes in the alveolar bone in the maxillary incisor region and to explore its relationship with displacement of root apex as well as changes in the inclination of maxillary incisors during incisor retraction. METHODS: Samples in this retrospective study consisted of 38 patients with bimaxillary protrusion. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images was taken before(T0) and after (T1) treatment. Alveolar bone thickness (ABT), height (ABH) and area (ABA) were utilized to evaluate changes in the alveolar bone, while incisor inclination and apex displacement were used to assess changes in the position of maxillary central and lateral incisors. Correlations between alveolar bone remodeling and apex displacement as well as changes in the inclination were investigated. RESULTS: The labial ABT of central and lateral incisors at the mid-root third was increased. In contrast, the palatal ABT at crestal, mid-root and apical third level were consistently decreased. ABH was not altered on the labial side, while significantly decreased on the palatal side. ABA was not significantly increased on the labial side, but significantly decreased on the palatal side, leading to a significantly reduced total ABA. Orthodontic treatment significantly reduced inclination of upper incisors. Changes in the amount (T1-T0) of ABA was remarkably correlated with apex displacement and changes of inclination (T1-T0); in addition, using the multivariate linear regression analysis, changes of ABA on the palatal side (T1-T0) can be described by following equation: Changes of palatal ABA (T1-T0) = - 3.258- 0.139× changes of inclination (T1-T0) + 2.533 × apex displacement (T1-T0). CONCLUSIONS: Retraction of incisors in bimaxillary protrusion patients may compromise periodontal bone support on the palatal side. An equation that incorporated the displacement of root apex and change in the incisor inclination may enable periodontist-orthodontist interdisciplinary coordination in assessing treatment risks and developing an individualized treatment plan for adult patients with bimaxillary protrusion. Moreover, the equation in predicating area of alveolar bone may reduce the risks of placing the teeth out of the bone boundary during 3D digital setups.


Asunto(s)
Incisivo , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental , Adulto , Remodelación Ósea , Cefalometría , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagen , Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagen , Estudios Retrospectivos
19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 20034, 2020 11 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33208868

RESUMEN

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is hitting high notes in the aging society in China. However, the prevalence and associated factors in Chinese aging population lack clarity to some extent. In the present study, we projected to inquire into the prevalence of MetS and its associated factors by analyzing datasets downloaded from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Data comprising age, gender, socioeconomic status, lifestyle and health behaviors as well as blood biomarkers were subjected to descriptive statistics followed by univariate logistic regression and multivariate logistic regression. The overall prevalence of MetS was 33.38% (95% CI 32.42-34.34%). With age augments, prevalence increased during 40-70 years, while declined in participants aged 70 years above. Females had 2.94 times of risks (95% CI 2.55-3.39, P < 0.001). Marital status and alcohol consumption contributed nothing to the suffering of MetS. Participants with GDP per capita > 10,000 RMB and a non-agricultural hukou sustained higher risks than other participants (P < 0.05). Participants under education of middle school suffered 1.16 times of risks than other level of education (95% CI 1.01-1.34, P < 0.05). Smokers, participants with high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or hyperuricemia or high glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1c sustained increased risks (P < 0.05). In Chinese aging population, with the augment of age, the prevalence ascended in men, while descended in women and was interfered by socioeconomic status, lifestyle and health behaviors as well as blood biomarkers, but not marital status and alcohol consumption.

20.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; 49(6): 583-592, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33105129

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify plasma markers of unfavorable outcomes for patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) after recanalization by endovascular thrombectomy (EVT). METHODS: From November 2017 to May 2019, we prospectively collected 61 AIS patients due to anterior large vessel occlusion who achieved recanalization by EVT. Plasma samples were obtained between 18 and 24 h after recanalization. Unfavorable outcomes included futile recanalization at 90 days and overall early complications within 7 days after EVT. RESULTS: After adjustment for age and initial National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), tenascin-C, thioredoxin, ADAMTS13, and gelsolin were independently associated with both futile recanalization and overall early complications significantly (all p < 0.05), while C-reactive protein (CRP) was independently associated with overall early complications (p = 0.031) but at the limit of significance for futile recanalization (p = 0.051). The baseline clinical model (BCM) (including age and initial NIHSS) demonstrated discriminating ability to indicate futile recanalization (area under the curve [AUC] 0.807, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.693-0.921) and overall early complications (AUC 0.749, 95% CI 0.611-0.887). BCM+MMP-9+thioredoxin enhanced discrimination (AUC 0.908, 95% CI 0.839-0.978, p = 0.043) and reclassification (net reclassification improvement [NRI] 67.2%, p < 0.001) to indicate futile recanalization. With respect to overall early complications, BCM+MMP-9+tenascin-C, BCM+MMP-9+CRP, BCM+MMP-9+ADAMTS13, BCM+tenascin-C+ADAMTS13, and BCM+CRP+ADAMTS13, all improved discrimination (AUC [95% CI]: 0.868 [0.766-0.970], 0.882 [0.773-0.990], 0.886 [0.788-0.984], 0.880 [0.783-0.977], and 0.863 [0.764-0.962], respectively, all p < 0.05 by the DeLong method) and reclassification (NRI 59.1%, 71.8%, 51.1%, 67.4%, and 38.3%, respectively, all p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The increased levels of MMP-9, tenascin-C, CRP, thioredoxin, and decreased levels of ADAMTS13 and gelsolin were independent predictors of futile recanalization in AIS patients after recanalization by EVT.

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