Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 203
Filtrar
1.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 76(2): 1509-1515, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566680

RESUMEN

Meniere's Disease is a rare ear disorder that can cause severe morbidity to the patient and has no definitive treatment to date. Endolymphatic hydrops is the critical event. Though symptomatology is well understood, the exact etiology of Endolymphatic hydrops attack is still unclear. Twenty-five consecutive patients of Meniere's Disease diagnosed in the Vertigo clinic aged 12 to 70 years were included. Their allergic status was evaluated using a skin prick test. Allergic and non-allergic patients were then identified. Comparison between the two groups was made to identify the effect of allergy on the severity of symptoms using vertigo scales, Functional level scale, Dizziness handicap index, and Pure tone average staging. The prevalence of allergy among Meniere's Disease patients was 56%. The most common allergen found in our study was tyrophagus(n = 8). Polysensitization was more common(n = 12). Airborne allergens were more common than food allergens. There was no significant relationship between the severity scales and the allergen positivity status (p > 0.05). The prevalence of allergy is more among patients with Meniere's Disease. The Endolymphatic sac is allergy prone. The occurrence of endolymphatic hydrops may be due to a cross-reaction of allergen-induced IgE antibodies to self-antigen. Management of the specific allergen may help decrease symptomatology in these patients. Allergen-specific therapies have a promising role in the treatment of allergic conditions and provide a long-term symptom-free period in affected individuals. This can be applied in patients with Meniere's Disease having associated allergic features based on their skin prick test results.

2.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 76(2): 1716-1723, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566707

RESUMEN

Making evidence-based policy decisions is challenging when there is a lack of information, especially when deciding provider payment rates for publicly funded health insurance plans. Therefore, the goal of this study was to estimate the cost of a cochlear implant operation in a tertiary care setting in India. We also looked at the patients' out-of-pocket (OOP) expenses for the cochlear implant surgery. From the perspectives of the patients and the healthcare systems, we assessed the financial costs of the cochlear implantation procedure. A bottom-up pricing model was used to assess the cost that the healthcare system would bear for a cochlear implant procedure. Information on all the resources (both capital and ongoing) required to offer cochlear implantation services for hearing loss was gathered over the course of a year. 120 individuals with hearing loss who had cochlear implantation surgery disclosed their out-of-pocket (OOP) costs, which included both direct medical and non-medical expenses. All costs for the budgetary year 2018-2019 were anticipated. The unit health system spent ₹ 151($2), ₹ 578($7.34) and ₹ 37,449($478) on ear exams, audiological evaluations, and cochlear implant surgeries, respectively. Per bed-day in the otolaryngology ward, hospitalization cost ₹ 202($2.6), or ₹ 1211($15.5). The estimated average out-of-pocket cost for a cochlear implant operation was ₹ 682,230($8710). Our research can be used to establish package rates for publicly funded insurance plans in India, plan the growth of public sector hearing care services, and do cost-effectiveness assessments on various hearing care models. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s12070-023-04389-7.

3.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 76(2): 1941-1948, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566719

RESUMEN

The detection of the primary site in Carcinoma of Unknown Primary (CUP) is a challenging task which can significantly alter the course of management and also prognosis. Various modalities have been assessed with varying sensitivity and specificity. Imaging and cytological diagnosis have formed a key part of the diagnostic algorithm of CUP. Trans Oral Robotic Surgery offers the advantage of being both diagnostic as well as therapeutic with promising sensitivity and specificity and can form an integral part in the management of CUP. A prospective study was carried out at a tertiary care centre over a period of one year. Patients with unilateral neck swelling which was histopathologically proven squamous cell carcinoma neck metastasis were included in the study. They were evaluated with endoscopy and radiology according to the standard algorithm. When these failed to detect the primary, the patients underwent ipsilateral radical tonsillectomy and tongue base mucosal wedge biopsy via TORS. Post-operative histopathological examination was done on the resected specimens to detect the primary site. Transoral Robotic Surgery was able to localise primary in 50% of the patients enrolled in the study. Out of the primary site identified by TORS; 55.56% were located in the tonsil and 44.4% in the tongue base. TORS can offer promising detection rates of the occult primary in CUP and should form an integral part of the diagnostic algorithm.

4.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 76(2): 2166-2170, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566724

RESUMEN

Perioperative high dose rate brachytherapy involves insertion of brachytherapy catheter over the tumor bed during surgical removal of disease followed by radiation in the postoperative period. It has applications in radiotherapy dose escalation or reirradiation and for extending the surgical margins. We report here initial results of treatment in five cases of locally advanced head and neck cancers.

5.
J Maxillofac Oral Surg ; 23(1): 16-22, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312965

RESUMEN

Background: Head and neck cancer is the most common cancer around the globe, following lung cancer and breast cancer. Treatment at advanced stages of head and neck cancer is usually followed intense surgical procedures, which leads to mutilation among patients. Mutilation imparts a sense of disgrace and causes a feeling of shame and stigma in the patient. The feeling of shame and stigma persists over time and affects the overall long-term survival of patients by deteriorating their quality of life. Objectives: Since shame and stigma is an important psychological domain of head and neck cancer, the present article aims toward evaluating the studies published so far for the assessment of shame and stigma in head and neck cancer and highlighting the lacunae in the existing research designs. The present study also aims to design a checklist that could be followed while developing, translating, or validating a psychometric instrument that aims to measure shame and stigma in head and neck cancer. Methods: In the present metanalysis, all articles published in the past years on shame and stigma in head and neck cancer was compiled using a predefined data extraction matrix. The available literature was compiled for major objectives of the study, the sample size used, major findings, and critical lacunae that need to be addressed. Results: Shame and stigma is a very important domain of psychological well-being in head and neck cancer patients, which yet not appropriately addressed and further need to be researched. Conclusion: Future studies could be based on the lacunae highlighted in the existing literature, and the prescribed methodology checklist could be taken into consideration while conducting further studies involving developing, translating, or validating a psychometric instrument related to shame and stigma in the head and neck cancer.

6.
Clin Microbiol Infect ; 30(3): 368-374, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38081413

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To compare COVID-19-associated pulmonary mucormycosis (CAPM) with COVID-19-associated rhino-orbital mucormycosis (CAROM), ascertain factors associated with CAPM among patients with COVID-19, and identify factors associated with 12-week mortality in CAPM. METHODS: We performed a retrospective multicentre cohort study. All study participants had COVID-19. We enrolled CAPM, CAROM, and COVID-19 subjects without mucormycosis (controls; age-matched). We collected information on demography, predisposing factors, and details of COVID-19 illness. Univariable analysis was used to compare CAPM and CAROM. We used multivariable logistic regression to evaluate factors associated with CAPM (with hypoxemia during COVID-19 as the primary exposure) and at 12-week mortality. RESULTS: We included 1724 cases (CAPM [n = 122], CAROM [n = 1602]) and 3911 controls. Male sex, renal transplantation, multimorbidity, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, intensive care admission, and cumulative glucocorticoid dose for COVID-19 were significantly higher in CAPM than in CAROM. On multivariable analysis, COVID-19-related hypoxemia (aOR, 2.384; 95% CI, 1.209-4.700), male sex, rural residence, diabetes mellitus, serum C-reactive protein, glucocorticoid, and zinc use during COVID-19 were independently associated with CAPM. CAPM reported a higher 12-week mortality than CAROM (56 of the 107 [52.3%] vs. 413 of the 1356 [30.5%]; p = 0.0001). Hypoxemia during COVID-19 (aOR [95% CI], 3.70 [1.34-10.25]) and Aspergillus co-infection (aOR [95% CI], 5.40 [1.23-23.64]) were independently associated with mortality in CAPM, whereas surgery was associated with better survival. DISCUSSION: CAPM is a distinct entity with a higher mortality than CAROM. Hypoxemia during COVID-19 illness is associated with CAPM. COVID-19 hypoxemia and Aspergillus co-infection were associated with higher mortality in CAPM.


Asunto(s)
Aspergilosis , COVID-19 , Coinfección , Mucormicosis , Humanos , Masculino , Mucormicosis/complicaciones , Mucormicosis/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estudios de Cohortes , Glucocorticoides , COVID-19/complicaciones , COVID-19/terapia , Factores de Riesgo , India/epidemiología , Hipoxia/complicaciones
7.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 75(4): 3031-3038, 2023 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37974745

RESUMEN

Parental involvement in the rehabilitation process is one of the critical factors for the success of cochlear implants in their wards. Skills to use a cochlear implant (CI) device appropriately and manipulate the different settings are essential to gain maximum benefits. There was a need to have a tool in Hindi to assess the skills of parents to manage the CI device. The study was conducted with the following aims: To translate and adapt Self-administered Cochlear Implant Management Skills (CIMSSelf) into the Hindi language. To find an association between the CI management skills of parents and outcomes in their implanted wards. To compare pre-post retraining scores on CIMS-self in Hindi (HN) and to find out factors affecting the scores. CIMS-self (English) was translated into Hindi using the forward and backward translation method. CIMS-self (HN) was administered to 22 parents of cochlear implanted children to evaluate their CI device management skills in the pretraining phase. The questionnaire was re-administered between 2 and 4 weeks to check the reliability. The outcome of CI in the children was assessed using the test tools viz. Categories of Auditory Perception, Integrated Scales of Development, Speech Intelligibility Rating, and Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (MAIS). Subjects with less than 100% score received retraining on CI device management skills. CIMS-self (HN) was readministered two weeks after completing training, and results were compared between pre-post training sessions. There was no significant correlation between CIMS-self (HN) scores and demographic of the parents and their implanted wards, CI device factors, and clinical outcomes. A significant correlation was found between the CIMS-self (HN) and MAIS scores (p < .05). The Cronbach's alpha for test-retest reliability of the CIMS-self (HN) survey was 0.998. Participants showed a significant improvement in CIMS-self (HN) scores following the intervention, demonstrating that the CIMS-self (HN) is sensitive enough to detect changes in CI device management following retraining. A client who self-reports difficulty may benefit from consultation if it helps to improve their confidence in CI device management. The CIMS-self (HN) survey can be used to evaluate and re-evaluate CI device management skills at regular intervals and may save clinical time.

8.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 27(3): 407-411, Jul.-Sept. 2023. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514248

RESUMEN

Abstract Introduction The surgical management of jugulotympanic paragangliomas has remained challenging. They are the second most common type of tumor of the temporal bone after acoustic neuroma. It has been noticed by the authors that the jugulotympanic paragangliomas may have extensions to the epitympanum and aditus in addition to the mesotympanum and hypotympanum. The modified technique could be an alternative to the conventional facial recess technique for complete removal of the tumors. Objective To highlight the modified surgical technique for the surgical treatment of jugulotympanic paragangliomas. Methods This is a retrospective review of 34 cases of jugulotympanic paragangliomas treated in a tertiary center with respect to clinical presentation, diagnosis, and surgical treatment. Tinnitus and hearing loss were predominant symptoms. A modified technique of postauricular transcanal posterior tympanectomy with extended hypo-tympanic access was performed in 29 patients. Only two cases were operated with a classical transcanal approach. A canal wall down the mastoidectomy was required in three patients. Results The patients operated on with the modified technique had complete excision evident by absence of any lesion in computed tomography and the disappearance of tinnitus. However, two patients had recurrence of symptoms and presence of tumor in the follow-up period. These two patients underwent revision surgery. None of the patients required postoperative radiotherapy or gamma knife therapy. Conclusions Jugulotympanic paragangliomas can be effectively managed with the modified technique to ensure complete removal of the lesions. This technique has not been reported earlier in the literature.

9.
Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 27(3): e407-e411, 2023 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37564478

RESUMEN

Introduction The surgical management of jugulotympanic paragangliomas has remained challenging. They are the second most common type of tumor of the temporal bone after acoustic neuroma. It has been noticed by the authors that the jugulotympanic paragangliomas may have extensions to the epitympanum and aditus in addition to the mesotympanum and hypotympanum. The modified technique could be an alternative to the conventional facial recess technique for complete removal of the tumors. Objective To highlight the modified surgical technique for the surgical treatment of jugulotympanic paragangliomas. Methods This is a retrospective review of 34 cases of jugulotympanic paragangliomas treated in a tertiary center with respect to clinical presentation, diagnosis, and surgical treatment. Tinnitus and hearing loss were predominant symptoms. A modified technique of postauricular transcanal posterior tympanectomy with extended hypotympanic access was performed in 29 patients. Only two cases were operated with a classical transcanal approach. A canal wall down the mastoidectomy was required in three patients. Results The patients operated on with the modified technique had complete excision evident by absence of any lesion in computed tomography and the disappearance of tinnitus. However, two patients had recurrence of symptoms and presence of tumor in the follow-up period. These two patients underwent revision surgery. None of the patients required postoperative radiotherapy or gamma knife therapy. Conclusions Jugulotympanic paragangliomas can be effectively managed with the modified technique to ensure complete removal of the lesions. This technique has not been reported earlier in the literature.

10.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 172: 111695, 2023 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37567086

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study were to understand the parental views regarding stress, and its affect language, and auditory outcomes. The study also aims to understand the relationship between parental stress, and child's age. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective study was performed at a tertiary medical hospital. 50 parents of cochlear implant recipients were recruited for the study. The parents were interviewed and the children were tested using a test battery. The average age of implantation was 4.29 years, and the average hearing age was 3.23 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The parents were interviewed about their child's needs, and experience with the cochlear implant using the Strength, and Difficulty questionnaire in Hindi, Questionnaire on Resources, and Stress-Short Form, and the Family Environment Scale, Closed - format Questionnaire to understand parental views, and experiences. The language outcomes were studied using the Integrated Scales of Development (ISD), Revised Categories of Auditory Performance. Factor analysis, and Chi-square tests were performed to understand potential relationships between parental stress, and child language, and/or auditory outcomes. RESULTS: The results provide five main factors that accounted for significant variance including financial stress (30.1%), hyperactivity (15.2%), lack of personal rewards (13%), peer problems (10.9%), and emotional problems (9.2%). Acquisition of language was highly influenced by stress and caregiver's 'lack of personal rewards. 'Financial stress', and 'hyperactive behavior' of the child significantly affected the receptive language acquisition of a HI child. The most concerning factors for parents were well-being, and happiness (0.885), followed by social relationships (0.830), communication (0.736), the process of implantation (0.695), and the decision to implant (0.681). The stress regarding finance among parents increased marginally (0.024) as the child's age progressed. CONCLUSION: Parental stress is ongoing. The impact on the expressive language development of the child is significant. The maximum concern of parents is regarding the financial aspects of a cochlear implant, and the lifespan care of their child. Hence, professionals should provide regular, and context-specific counseling to parents after implantation to understand the parents' concerns, and provide appropriate remediation.


Asunto(s)
Implantación Coclear , Implantes Cocleares , Sordera , Niño , Humanos , Preescolar , Estudios Retrospectivos , Sordera/rehabilitación , Implantación Coclear/métodos , Padres/psicología , Comunicación
11.
Mycopathologia ; 188(5): 745-753, 2023 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37490256

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Sudden upsurge in cases of COVID-19 Associated Mucormycosis (CAM) following the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic was recorded in India. This study describes the clinical characteristics, management and outcomes of CAM cases, and factors associated with mortality. METHODS: Microbiologically confirmed CAM cases were enrolled from April 2021 to September 2021 from ten diverse geographical locations in India. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and entered into a web portal designed specifically for this investigation. Bivariate analyses and logistic regression were conducted using R version 4.0.2. RESULTS: A total of 336 CAM patients were enrolled; the majority were male (n = 232, 69.1%), literate (n = 261, 77.7%), and employed (n = 224, 66.7%). The commonest presenting symptoms in our cohort of patients were oro-facial and ophthalmological in nature. The median (Interquartile Range; IQR) interval between COVID diagnosis and admission due to mucormycosis was 31 (18, 47) days, whereas the median duration of symptoms of CAM before hospitalization was 10 (5, 20) days. All CAM cases received antifungal treatment, and debridement (either surgical or endoscopic or both) was carried out in the majority of them (326, 97.02%). Twenty-three (6.9%) of the enrolled CAM cases expired. The odds of death in CAM patients increased with an increase in HbA1c level (aOR: 1.34, 95%CI: 1.05, 1.72) following adjustment for age, gender, education and employment status. CONCLUSION: A longer vigil of around 4-6 weeks post-COVID-19 diagnosis is suggested for earlier diagnosis of CAM. Better glycemic control may avert mortality in admitted CAM cases.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Mucormicosis , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , COVID-19/epidemiología , Prueba de COVID-19 , India/epidemiología , Mucormicosis/diagnóstico , Mucormicosis/epidemiología , Pandemias
12.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 109(3): 600-607, 2023 09 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37487562

RESUMEN

COVID-19-associated rhino-orbital cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) has a rapidly evolving course with high morbidity and mortality. We describe imaging features of COVID-19-associated ROCM based on noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT). This retrospective single-center observational study included 50 patients with COVID-19 from January 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021 who subsequently developed ROCM confirmed by fungal culture studies. All patients underwent NCCT of the paranasal sinuses as the diagnostic workup. The involvement of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, orbits, and intracranial cavity was identified and graded. The ethmoid sinuses were most commonly involved [right (n = 46 of 50) > left (n = 45 of 50)], followed by the maxillary, sphenoid, and frontal sinuses. Thinning and erosions of the hard palate were noted in 18% of patients (n = 9), whereas 34% (n = 17) showed dehiscence of the lamina papyracea. Retromaxillary fat stranding was noted in 68% of patients (n = 34). Severe ethmoid sinusitis was associated significantly with ipsilateral pterygopalatine fossa involvement. The extraocular muscles were involved in 64% of patients (n = 32), with 84% (n = 42) showing orbital fat stranding. Proptosis of the affected eye was seen in 66% of patients, optic nerve involvement in 52%, and irregularity of globe contour in 12% (n = 6). The cavernous sinuses were affected in 10% of patients (n = 5), with three of them having temporal infarcts. COVID-19-associated ROCM is an acute, invasive fungal disease characterized by multisinus involvement, often with orbital and intracranial extension. Bilateral involvement with rapid progression should alert one to underlying COVID-19 disease.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Oftalmopatías , Mucormicosis , Humanos , Mucormicosis/diagnóstico por imagen , Estudios Retrospectivos , COVID-19/diagnóstico por imagen , Nariz , Tomografía
13.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 75(2): 1266-1270, 2023 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37274986

RESUMEN

Background: Self-reported measures are the questionnaire-based instrument that are routinely used in the clinical scenario to assess psychological health. Technically, the self-reported measure should be administrated by the patients themselves but due to the complexity of tools and illiteracy among patients, clinicians often tend to interview the patients. Objective: Present article aims to compare the accuracy of a self-reported measure in the assessment of the psychological health of a patient when the instrument is self-administrated by the patient and when administrated by the clinician or researcher. Methods: We have recruited 43 patients of oral cancer in the study who have a tumor in the buccal mucosa region. The Hindi version of the shame and stigma scale was used to analyse the shame and stigma in patients. The questionnaire was first provided to the patient for the self-administration and after that clinician administrated the questionnaire to the patient by keeping the clinician blinded to the patient self-administrated responses. Results: There was no significant difference in the global mean score and mean score of various subdomains of shame and stigma scale in the self-administered and clinician-administered mode of interview. However, the clinician-administered mode could provide more accurate measures as it helps the patient towards a better understanding of questions. Conclusion: It is recommended that the newly developed or translated self-reported measure should be tested for both patient administrated and clinician administrated compatibility. Questionnaires could be administrated by the clinician in the case when the patient is illiterate or in the case when the patient does not understand the language of the instrument.

15.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 75(2): 508-516, 2023 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37275097

RESUMEN

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) contributes to 88% of thyroid malignancies and its extent of surgical management has been a topic of debate in the past 2 decades. American thyroid association (ATA) recommendations have been periodically updated for its robust and evidence-based management. We present our experience in implementing 2015 ATA guidelines, assessment of surgical outcomes of hemithyroidectomy in PTC ≤ 4 cm and contemplating on the potential clinical implications of 2015 ATA guidelines. A prospective study in a cohort of Bethesda class V and VI PTC with nodule ≤ 4 cm who underwent Hemithyroidectomy between 2012 and 2020. Data on thyroid nodule evaluation, management, histopathology and follow up were used for risk stratification. Of 37 patients, 27 (72.9%) were low risk and 10 (37%) were intermediate risk ATA group. 4 (40%) intermediate risk patients had structural incomplete response and underwent completion thyroidectomy. 1 (2.7%) out of 4 completion surgery patients required adjuvant radio-ablation iodine (RAI) and 3 patients were under surveillance. Overall, 2 (5.4%) of 37 patients, 1 each from low and intermediate groups were given remnant RAI in view of aggressive histology, old age and unwillingness for a completion surgery. During follow up of 4.94 ± 2.4 years, 35 (94.5%) showed excellent response and 2 (5.4%) showed biochemical incomplete response. The difference in RFS between two groups was statistically significant with p < 0.001. Thyroid preserving surgery combined with real time risk stratification seems appropriate for low and intermediate risk PTC ≤ 4 cm.

16.
Cureus ; 15(5): e38804, 2023 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37303363

RESUMEN

 Introduction Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) has become increasingly popular for the removal of pharyngeal and laryngeal cancers with the objective to improve functional and aesthetic outcomes. Feyh-Kastenbauer (FK) retractor is one such routinely used retractor during TORS. The setting up of this retractor has been seen to be accompanied by hemodynamic fluctuations. Methodology This prospective observational study was carried out on 30 patients undergoing TORS. All patients were administered general anesthesia using a pre-defined anesthesia protocol. The primary outcome was to compare hemodynamic fluctuations following endotracheal intubation with that after FK retractor insertion. Any requirement of a bolus dose of sevoflurane and fentanyl was recorded in response to hemodynamic fluctuations recorded in secondary outcomes. Results There was no statistically significant increase in mean heart rate, systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial blood pressure from baseline to endotracheal intubation and following retractor insertion (p=0.810, p=0.2, p=0.6, p=0.3 respectively). On subgroup analysis, hypertensive patients reported a greater rise in blood pressure following two minutes post FK retractor insertion compared to non-hypertensive patients (p=0.03). Out of 30 patients, five patients required a bolus dose of sevoflurane. Conclusion FK retractor insertion had a comparable hemodynamic response as endotracheal intubation during TORS. Hypertensive patients showed a rise in blood pressure at both endotracheal intubations and at FK retractor insertion.

17.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 29(7): 1313-1322, 2023 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37347535

RESUMEN

We retrospectively reviewed consecutive cases of mucormycosis reported from a tertiary-care center in India to determine the clinical and mycologic characteristics of emerging Rhizopus homothallicus fungus. The objectives were ascertaining the proportion of R. homothallicus infection and the 30-day mortality rate in rhino-orbital mucormycosis attributable to R. homothallicus compared with R. arrhizus. R. homothallicus accounted for 43 (6.8%) of the 631 cases of mucormycosis. R. homothallicus infection was independently associated with better survival (odds ratio [OR] 0.08 [95% CI 0.02-0.36]; p = 0.001) than for R. arrhizus infection (4/41 [9.8%] vs. 104/266 [39.1%]) after adjusting for age, intracranial involvement, and surgery. We also performed antifungal-susceptibility testing, which indicated a low range of MICs for R. homothallicus against the commonly used antifungals (amphotericin B [0.03-16], itraconazole [0.03-16], posaconazole [0.03-8], and isavuconazole [0.03-16]). 18S gene sequencing and amplified length polymorphism analysis revealed distinct clustering of R. homothallicus.


Asunto(s)
Mucorales , Mucormicosis , Humanos , Mucormicosis/diagnóstico , Mucormicosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Mucormicosis/microbiología , Mucorales/genética , Estudios Retrospectivos , Rhizopus/genética , Antifúngicos/farmacología , Antifúngicos/uso terapéutico
18.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 280(8): 3793-3800, 2023 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37147508

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: There has not been a universal agreement about the timings and the threshold level of PTH that can accurately predict the risk of hypocalcemia. Our study aimed to investigate the changes in the serum PTH levels at various time intervals and correlate it with the development of subsequent hypocalcemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients had a pre-operative serum PTH done and were again assessed intra-operatively, at 4 h, 24 h, 72 h, and 1 month after the thyroid surgery. Absolute serum PTH value at various time points, absolute change in serum PTH values compared to pre-operative level, and relative change (percentage change) in serum PTH values compared with pre-operative levels were used to predict post-operative Hypocalcemia. RESULTS: 49 patients were included in the study. The sensitivity and negative predictive value was 100% for serum PTH at 4 h. There was a statistically significant difference between the groups that required calcium supplementation versus the group that did not require it. The maximum relative reduction in serum PTH value with respect to the pre-operative level occurred at 4 h in the calcium supplement required group which was 82.5%. Use of combination of 4 h serum PTH and relative change at 4 h yielded the best results. CONCLUSION: A combination of absolute serum PTH level at 4 h and the relative decline in serum PTH at 4 h has the highest diagnostic accuracy. The use of this combined parameter helps to reliably predict patients who would require supplementation.


Asunto(s)
Hipocalcemia , Humanos , Hipocalcemia/diagnóstico , Hipocalcemia/etiología , Calcio , Hormona Paratiroidea , Tiroidectomía/efectos adversos , Estudios Prospectivos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/diagnóstico , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología
19.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 75(Suppl 1): 121-126, 2023 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37206733

RESUMEN

Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire is an HRQoL tool that was developed by Dutch researchers to assess the QoL in adult CI users in the English language. It is used to measure the impact of the use of CI on the daily life situations of its users, on the perception of speech sounds, and on the cost-benefit assessment CI in adult CI users. There is no specific instrument available to assess the QoL in adult CI users in India, hence there was a need to take up this study. The primary aim of the study was to adapt and translate NCIQ into Hindi with a secondary aim to describe the effect of CI on quality of life in adult CI users. For translation, permission was taken from the authors of the original tool. The Forward-backward translation method was utilized for translation. The final version of the NCIQ-H was administered to the study participants (25 no.) 25, aged 18-60 years; High School as the minimum level of education; post-lingual hearing impairment, and CI use ≥ 12 months. The Cronbach's α coefficient was calculated for all domains and subdomains in the NCIQ-H showed the overall reliability of the questionnaire (0.82), showing good internal consistency. The CI users reported high scores across all the domains indicating improved quality of life. No significant correlation was found between the CI usage time and NCIQ scores on Spearman's correlation test. Also, there was no significant difference in NCIQ-H scores between genders on the Kruskal-Wallis test. The NCIQ (H) can be used to assess QoL in adults with cochlear implants. The scores suggest improvement in physical, social and psychological domains of life. No correlation was observed between the NCIQ-H scores and duration of CI usage as well as with gender differences.

20.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 75(Suppl 1): 440-447, 2023 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37206814

RESUMEN

Pragmatic language skills are one of the most complex language skills. Children with hearing loss face difficulty in social participation and effective communication during mainstreaming. Without mastery of these skills, children may encounter significant challenges with abstract conversational communication and literacy. This study aimed to explore the age and pattern of acquisition of pragmatic skills in hearing-impaired children. Twelve (12) children with Cochlear Implants (CI) in the age range of 5 to 10 years with minimum 1-year post-implantation regular therapy and twelve (12) age-matched normal hearing children participated in the study. All participants were administered the 'Test of Pragmatic Skills' (Shulman, 1986) comprising different domains of pragmatics. Their responses were rated on a six-point rating scale from 0 to 5. A qualitative analysis of various domains revealed that paediatric cochlear implant users used varied pragmatic skills at approximately 3 years on average during the post-implantation period compared to the typically developing children who acquired the skills well below 3 years on average. Pragmatics is very well correlated to the child's cognition; hence, the higher the cognitive age, the earlier the acquisition of pragmatic skills. The results prove that pragmatic skills developed proportionately to their implant age but need to be at par with their cognitive age. Rehabilitation of CI children, thus, should levy heavy focus on varied pragmatic domains, which will facilitate contextually appropriate communication at the earliest possible time during the post-implantation period.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...