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1.
J Pediatr Urol ; 2024 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341358

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Over the years, Dorsal Inlay Graft (DIG) urethroplasty has gained worldwide acceptance for primary hypospadias repair. However, its safety and effectiveness for revision surgery are yet to be proven. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess and compare complication rates and functional outcomes of DIG surgery in revision versus primary hypospadias repair. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective analysis of data collected from 53 consecutive DIG urethroplasties performed by a single surgeon at our institution. Patients were stratified in two groups - primary repair and redo-urethroplasty. For each group, we recorded standard pre-operative characteristics, surgical technicalities, complication rates and uroflowmetry parameters. RESULTS: Out of 53 DIG urethroplasties, 21 (39.6 %) where primary and 32 (60.4 %) were re-do. As expected, the two groups differed for median age at surgery: 20 months for primary and 68.5 months for revision surgery (p < 0.001). Additionally, all 21 (100 %) primary interventions were performed with a preputial graft, whereas among revision DIG urethroplasties only 2 (6.3 %) where preputial and 30 (93.8 %) were buccal (p < 0.001). Catheterization time (7 vs 8 days, p = 0.155) and postoperative complication rates (14.3 % vs 9.4 %, p = 0.581) were comparable between the primary and revision surgery group, respectively (all p > .05). Forty-two of the 53 patients underwent uroflowmetry during follow-up. Of these, 19 (63 %) patients presented with abnormal uroflowmetry and 11 (37 %) had equivocal parameters with no difference between the two groups. DISCUSSION: Dorsal Inlay Graft urethroplasty has long been known to be safe and effective for primary hypospadias repair. On the other hand, data on dorsal inlay graft urethroplasty as a salvage surgery after primary hypospadias repair failure is scarce. Surprisingly, according to our findings, surgical outcomes and complication rates are comparable between primary and revision hypospadias cases. Additionally, our results in the redo group are absolutely encouraging if compared to those reported in the literature for the same subset of patients. CONCLUSIONS: According to our findings, DIG urethroplasty is a safe and effective option to treat revision hypospadias repair.

2.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 34, 2024 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38217728

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To identify any self-reported differences or attitudes towards certification, publication, or practice patterns between adult urology and paediatric general surgery-trained paediatric urology providers. There are no known published differences in clinical/operative/research outcomes in either group. METHODS: An 18-item cross-sectional survey was compiled through the EAU Young Academic Urologists (YAU) office and disseminated to a trans-Atlantic convenience sample of current practising paediatric urologists. This was created using a mini-Delphi method to provide current semi-quantitative data relating to current opinions and attitudes of this cohort. RESULTS: A total of 228 respondents completed the survey, with female respondents representing 37% and 34% for urology and paediatric general surgery, respectively. Nearly 90% overall respondents felt that a full 2-year paediatric fellowship program was very important and 94% endorsed a collaborative dedicated paediatric urology on call service, with 92% supporting the joint development of transitional care. Urology managed higher numbers of bedwetting (p = 0.04), bladder bowel dysfunction (p = 0.02), endourological procedures (p = 0.04), and robotics (p = 0.04). Paediatric general surgery managed higher numbers of laparoscopic reconstruction (p = 0.03), and posterior urethral valve ablation (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: This study represents the first time that a cross-sectional cohort of paediatric urologists from different training backgrounds were compared to assess their productivity, practice patterns and attitudes. Paediatric urology is in a unique position to have two contributing specialities, with the ability to provide optimal transitional and lifelong care. We believe that there should be a strong emphasis on collaboration and to remove any historically-created barriers under policies of equity, diversity and inclusivity.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Urológicas , Urología , Adulto , Humanos , Niño , Femenino , Urología/educación , Estudios Transversales , Urólogos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
3.
J Urol ; 210(6): 899-907, 2023 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37747130

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Bladder and bowel dysfunction is a common but underdiagnosed pediatric entity which may represent up to 47% of pediatric urology consults. The objectives of this observational study were to determine functional 1-year outcomes following standard treatment of bladder and bowel dysfunction in both control and neuropsychiatric developmental disorder groups using validated questionnaires, and to perform an initial cost analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study conducted across a number of academic European centers (July 2020-November 2022) for new bladder and bowel dysfunction patients. Parents completed a sociodemographic survey, information pertaining to prior neuropsychiatric developmental disorder diagnoses, as well as a number of validated functional scores. RESULTS: A total of 240 patients were recruited. In the control bladder and bowel dysfunction group, the baseline Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System and Childhood Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction Questionnaire scores were 20% and 17.% lower, respectively, after 1 year compared to the neuropsychiatric developmental disorder group. The change in improvement was diminished for the neuropsychiatric developmental disorder cohort in both Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System and Childhood Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction Questionnaire scores. The odds ratio of full symptom resolution was 5.7 in the control cohort compared to the neuropsychiatric developmental disorder cohort. A cost analysis on prescribed medications at referral led to a total cost of €32,603.76 (US $35,381.00) in the control group and €37,625.36 (US $40,830.00) in the neuropsychiatric developmental disorder group. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that pediatric patients with a neuropsychiatric developmental disorder exhibit more severe bladder and bowel dysfunction at baseline and throughout treatment with a lower overall quality of life, as well as 15.4% higher medication costs at referral. It is also important that parents' and caregivers' expectations are managed regarding higher levels of treatment resistance for functional bladder and bowel issues.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Intestinales , Enfermedades de la Vejiga Urinaria , Niño , Humanos , Estreñimiento , Discapacidades del Desarrollo/complicaciones , Estudios Prospectivos , Calidad de Vida , Vejiga Urinaria , Enfermedades de la Vejiga Urinaria/complicaciones , Enfermedades de la Vejiga Urinaria/terapia , Enfermedades de la Vejiga Urinaria/diagnóstico
4.
J Pediatr Urol ; 19(4): 430.e1-430.e8, 2023 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37173199

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Complex urological anomalies often require continued care as patients reach adulthood. Adequate transition for adolescents with ongoing urological care needs is critical to allow for seamless care in adult hospitals. Studies have shown that this can lead to improved patient and parental satisfaction, and lower utilisation of unplanned inpatient beds and emergency department visits. There is currently no ESPU-EAU consensus on the adequate mechanism and very few individual papers examining the role of urological transition for these patients in a European setting. This study aimed to identify current practice patterns in paediatric urologists providing adolescent/transitional care, to assess their opinions towards formal transition and to look for variations in care. This has implications for long-term patient health and specialist care. METHODS: An 18-item cross-sectional survey was compiled and pre-approved through the EAU-EWPU and ESPU board offices prior to dissemination to all registered ordinary members affiliated with the ESPU. This was created using a mini-Delphi method through the EWPU research meetings to provide current semi-quantitative data relating to current opinions and attitudes of this cohort. RESULTS: A total of 172 respondents (55% paediatric general surgery; 45% urology) across 28 countries completed the survey. The majority of respondents were in practice >10 years and spent >80% time in paediatric urology. There was no formal transition process according to 50% respondents and over half of those that did have less than 1/month, with <10% using validated questionnaires. More than two-thirds respondents continued to provide care after transition, as >70% units had no designated corresponding adult service. Furthermore, 93% paediatric believe a formal transition service to be very important, using a multidisciplinary framework. A pareto chart demonstrated 10 specific conditions to be of most interest in transition to adulthood. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to assess the requirements of paediatric urologists for adequate transitional care, however due to the nature of the survey's distribution, this was a non-scientific poll based on a convenience sample of respondents. It is critical that dual-trained or adult-trained urologists with a specific interest in paediatric urology work with current paediatric urologists in a multidisciplinary fashion to facilitate early transition based on the adolescent's developmental and biopsychosocial requirements. National urological and paediatric surgical societies need to make transitional urology a priority. The ESPU and EAU should collaboratively consider developing transitional urology guidelines to allow a framework by which this can occur.


Asunto(s)
Cuidado de Transición , Urología , Adulto , Humanos , Niño , Adolescente , Urólogos , Estudios Transversales , Urología/métodos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
Lymphology ; 52(1): 25-34, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119912

RESUMEN

Chylous ascites may complicate the postoperative course of abdominal surgery mainly due to the iatrogenic disruption of the lymphatic channels during extensive retroperitoneal dissection. Sparse data are available regarding treatment; however, in many cases a recommended first-line treatment approach is by way of enteral feeding, consisting of a formula high in medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) together with a complete total parenteral nutrition teamed with somatostatin (or an equivalent). Nonetheless, the ligation of chylous fistulae, together with the application of Fibrin glue, as well as the creation of peritoneal-venous shunts have also been documented. The aims of this study are to document incidence of postoperative chylous ascites following resection of abdominal peripheral neuroblastic tumors, evaluate efficacy of the management of chylous ascites, and investigate the main risk factors. A survey was carried out over a span of six years, from March 2010 to March 2016 at Giannina Gaslini Children's Hospital involving seventy-seven children with resections of peripheral neuroblastic tumors. Incidence rate of postoperative chylous ascites following a normal diet was 9% (n=7). Treatment using total parenteral nutrition with octreotide resulted in a complete recovery from chylous ascites within a 20 day period without recurrence. Length of operative time, nephrectomy, and the extension of lymphadenectomy were all significantly associated with a higher incidence of postoperative chylous ascites (p<0.05) which also lengthened hospital stay (p<0.05) and possibly delayed beginning adjuvant chemotherapy.


Asunto(s)
Ascitis Quilosa/diagnóstico , Ascitis Quilosa/etiología , Neoplasias del Sistema Nervioso Periférico/complicaciones , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Preescolar , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Manejo de la Enfermedad , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Tiempo de Internación , Escisión del Ganglio Linfático/efectos adversos , Masculino , Nefrectomía/efectos adversos , Neoplasias del Sistema Nervioso Periférico/diagnóstico , Neoplasias del Sistema Nervioso Periférico/cirugía , Factores de Riesgo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
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