Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 91
Filtrar
1.
Cureus ; 16(4): e58320, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38752091

RESUMEN

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. Some somatic factors have been linked to an increased incidence risk. The diagnostic process for GIST poses difficulties since it bears limited resemblance to ovarian masses, given its manifestation through symptoms like abdominal pain, abdominal mass, fever, weight loss, and loss of appetite. Patients with GIST usually exhibit clinical symptoms and signs of an abdominal mass and chronic pelvic pain might look like an ovarian mass, and diagnosed as GIST on histological examination. A 50-year-old woman presented to the gynecology outpatient department with complaints of an abdominal lump accompanied by pain and decreased appetite persisting for five months, leading to a preliminary diagnosis of an ovarian mass. Further evaluation by histopathological examination was confirmed to be GIST on the final diagnosis.

2.
Cureus ; 16(4): e59250, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38813311

RESUMEN

A 22-year-old pregnant woman was transferred from an external medical facility after experiencing an eclamptic seizure linked to hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count syndrome (HELLP) syndrome, and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). Her situation was further complicated by intrauterine fetal demise and disseminated intravascular coagulation, necessitating a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach. This report details the diagnostic process and challenges in managing this complex patient with diverse medical requirements. Emphasis is placed on the observed hemostatic abnormalities, and we delineate the nuances in our approach compared to managing a similar condition in a nonpregnant patient. Heightened awareness among healthcare professionals is imperative for prompt diagnosis and effective intervention in such uncommon neurological complications during pregnancy.

3.
Mycoses ; 67(5): e13745, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767273

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Data on mixed mould infection with COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA) and COVID-19-associated pulmonary mucormycosis (CAPM) are sparse. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the prevalence of co-existent CAPA in CAPM (mixed mould infection) and whether mixed mould infection is associated with early mortality (≤7 days of diagnosis). METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the data collected from 25 centres across India on COVID-19-associated mucormycosis. We included only CAPM and excluded subjects with disseminated or rhino-orbital mucormycosis. We defined co-existent CAPA if a respiratory specimen showed septate hyphae on smear, histopathology or culture grew Aspergillus spp. We also compare the demography, predisposing factors, severity of COVID-19, and management of CAPM patients with and without CAPA. Using a case-control design, we assess whether mixed mould infection (primary exposure) were associated with early mortality in CAPM. RESULTS: We included 105 patients with CAPM. The prevalence of mixed mould infection was 20% (21/105). Patients with mixed mould infection experienced early mortality (9/21 [42.9%] vs. 15/84 [17.9%]; p = 0.02) and poorer survival at 6 weeks (7/21 [33.3] vs. 46/77 [59.7%]; p = 0.03) than CAPM alone. On imaging, consolidation was more commonly encountered with mixed mould infections than CAPM. Co-existent CAPA (odds ratio [95% confidence interval], 19.1 [2.62-139.1]) was independently associated with early mortality in CAPM after adjusting for hypoxemia during COVID-19 and other factors. CONCLUSION: Coinfection of CAPA and CAPM was not uncommon in our CAPM patients and portends a worse prognosis. Prospective studies from different countries are required to know the impact of mixed mould infection.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Coinfección , Mucormicosis , Humanos , COVID-19/complicaciones , COVID-19/mortalidad , Mucormicosis/mortalidad , Mucormicosis/epidemiología , Mucormicosis/complicaciones , Masculino , Femenino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Coinfección/mortalidad , Coinfección/epidemiología , Coinfección/microbiología , India/epidemiología , Adulto , Aspergilosis Pulmonar/complicaciones , Aspergilosis Pulmonar/mortalidad , Aspergilosis Pulmonar/epidemiología , SARS-CoV-2 , Anciano , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Enfermedades Pulmonares Fúngicas/mortalidad , Enfermedades Pulmonares Fúngicas/complicaciones , Enfermedades Pulmonares Fúngicas/epidemiología
4.
Lung India ; 41(3): 230-248, 2024 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704658

RESUMEN

Pleural effusion is a common problem in our country, and most of these patients need invasive tests as they can't be evaluated by blood tests alone. The simplest of them is diagnostic pleural aspiration, and diagnostic techniques such as medical thoracoscopy are being performed more frequently than ever before. However, most physicians in India treat pleural effusion empirically, leading to delays in diagnosis, misdiagnosis and complications from wrong treatments. This situation must change, and the adoption of evidence-based protocols is urgently needed. Furthermore, the spectrum of pleural disease in India is different from that in the West, and yet Western guidelines and algorithms are used by Indian physicians. Therefore, India-specific consensus guidelines are needed. To fulfil this need, the Indian Chest Society and the National College of Chest Physicians; the premier societies for pulmonary physicians came together to create this National guideline. This document aims to provide evidence based recommendations on basic principles, initial assessment, diagnostic modalities and management of pleural effusions.

5.
BMJ Open Qual ; 13(2)2024 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626940

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: System-level safety measures do not exist to ensure that patients with iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) undergo proper diagnostic evaluations. We sought to determine if a set of EHR (electronic health record) tools and an expedited referral workflow increase short-term completion of bidirectional endoscopy in higher risk patients with IDA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a pragmatic, cluster-randomised trial randomised by primary care physician (PCP) that included 16 PCPs and 316 patients with IDA. Physicians were randomised to intervention or control groups. Intervention components included a patient registry visible within the EHR, point-of-care alert and expedited diagnostic evaluation workflow for IDA. Outcomes were assessed at 120 days. The primary outcome was completion of bidirectional endoscopy. Secondary outcomes were any endoscopy completed or scheduled, gastroenterology consultation completed, and gastroenterology referral or endoscopy ordered or completed. RESULTS: There were no differences in the primary or secondary outcomes. At 120 days, the primary outcome had occurred for 7 (4%) of the intervention group and 5 (3.5%) of the control group. For the three secondary outcomes, rates were 15 (8.6%), 12 (6.9%) and 39 (22.4%) for the immediate intervention group and 10 (7.0%), 9 (6.3%) and 25 (17.6%) for the control group, respectively, p>0.2. Lack of physician time to use the registry tools was identified as a barrier. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Providing PCPs with lists of patients with IDA and a pathway for expedited evaluation did not increase rates of completing endoscopic evaluation in the short term. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT05365308.


Asunto(s)
Anemia Ferropénica , Médicos , Humanos , Anemia Ferropénica/diagnóstico , Registros Electrónicos de Salud , Derivación y Consulta
7.
Cureus ; 16(2): e54245, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38496175

RESUMEN

This comprehensive review delves into the multifaceted landscape of postpartum depression (PPD), exploring its prevalence, impact on maternal and infant well-being, and the efficacy of existing screening and intervention practices. PPD emerges as a critical concern, with implications extending beyond individual mental health to encompass the dynamics of mother-infant relationships and societal well-being. The analysis underscores the complexity of addressing PPD, emphasizing the challenges associated with screening tools and the importance of evidence-based interventions. A call to action resonates throughout, urging healthcare providers, policymakers, and stakeholders to prioritize mental health support for new mothers through enhanced screening protocols and improved accessibility to interventions. Furthermore, the review highlights the need for destigmatization and awareness campaigns to foster a supportive environment. Future research directions are outlined, emphasizing the refinement of screening tools, developing innovative interventions, and exploring cultural and socioeconomic influences on PPD outcomes. The review envisions a collaborative effort to dispel the shadows of PPD, striving for a future where mothers receive comprehensive support, ensuring optimal mental health and overall well-being.

8.
Cureus ; 16(2): e53700, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38455810

RESUMEN

Mature teratomas, also known as ovarian dermoid cysts, are benign embryonal tumors that develop slowly. One of the following imaging techniques is commonly employed to evaluate these cysts: transvaginal ultrasound, pelvic ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging, or computed tomography. The two surgical methods most frequently used for removing persistent or very large cysts are laparoscopy and laparotomy. A 42-year-old female, who is P3L1D2 with a history of previous cesarean section, presented with an abdominal mass that had been gradually increasing in size over the past five months. She also reported lower abdominal pain for the last five days. Upon further evaluation, she was diagnosed with a left ovarian dermoid cyst. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy, during which a total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was performed. The cut section of the gross cyst specimen revealed abundant sebaceous fluid and a large tuft of hair, which was confirmed by histopathology. The patient was followed up every three months for a year. Ovarian tumors typically manifest with nonspecific symptoms. The early recognition of dermoid cysts and prompt intervention are crucial to prevent potential complications.

9.
Eur Respir J ; 63(4)2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38423624

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The International Society for Human and Animal Mycology (ISHAM) working group proposed recommendations for managing allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) a decade ago. There is a need to update these recommendations due to advances in diagnostics and therapeutics. METHODS: An international expert group was convened to develop guidelines for managing ABPA (caused by Aspergillus spp.) and allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis (ABPM; caused by fungi other than Aspergillus spp.) in adults and children using a modified Delphi method (two online rounds and one in-person meeting). We defined consensus as ≥70% agreement or disagreement. The terms "recommend" and "suggest" are used when the consensus was ≥70% and <70%, respectively. RESULTS: We recommend screening for A. fumigatus sensitisation using fungus-specific IgE in all newly diagnosed asthmatic adults at tertiary care but only difficult-to-treat asthmatic children. We recommend diagnosing ABPA in those with predisposing conditions or compatible clinico-radiological presentation, with a mandatory demonstration of fungal sensitisation and serum total IgE ≥500 IU·mL-1 and two of the following: fungal-specific IgG, peripheral blood eosinophilia or suggestive imaging. ABPM is considered in those with an ABPA-like presentation but normal A. fumigatus-IgE. Additionally, diagnosing ABPM requires repeated growth of the causative fungus from sputum. We do not routinely recommend treating asymptomatic ABPA patients. We recommend oral prednisolone or itraconazole monotherapy for treating acute ABPA (newly diagnosed or exacerbation), with prednisolone and itraconazole combination only for treating recurrent ABPA exacerbations. We have devised an objective multidimensional criterion to assess treatment response. CONCLUSION: We have framed consensus guidelines for diagnosing, classifying and treating ABPA/M for patient care and research.


Asunto(s)
Aspergilosis Broncopulmonar Alérgica , Aspergilosis Pulmonar Invasiva , Adulto , Niño , Humanos , Aspergilosis Broncopulmonar Alérgica/diagnóstico , Aspergilosis Broncopulmonar Alérgica/tratamiento farmacológico , Inmunoglobulina E , Aspergilosis Pulmonar Invasiva/diagnóstico , Aspergilosis Pulmonar Invasiva/tratamiento farmacológico , Itraconazol/uso terapéutico , Micología , Prednisolona
10.
Cureus ; 16(1): e51534, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304637

RESUMEN

The cytomegalovirus (CMV), a common DNA virus with a high global seroprevalence, is the primary cause of teratogenic congenital infections, which presents a serious risk to public health. Maternal CMV infection is linked to congenital CMV (cCMV), a major contributor to non-genetic sensorineural hearing loss, cognitive developmental impairments, and cerebral palsy in infants. Transmission might occur through direct contact with infected bodily fluids, with higher transmission rates after primary infection and an increased risk of severe fetal effects before 20 weeks. The mother and fetus do not get immunity from a prior infection. Fetal growth restriction, fetal loss, and cerebral or extra-cerebral abnormalities that can be detected by ultrasonography are possible presentations of cCMV. Specific antibody detection or seroconversion is required for the diagnosis of maternal CMV during pregnancy. Amniocentesis is used to diagnose fetal CMV during pregnancy after eight weeks of presumed maternal infection and 17 weeks of gestation. The main preventive measure is hygiene education, as the effectiveness of immunoglobulins, antiviral medications, and vaccines is still up for debate. The focus is particularly directed toward the anomalous fetal outcomes observed during the course of the pregnancy.

11.
Clin Microbiol Infect ; 30(3): 368-374, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38081413

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To compare COVID-19-associated pulmonary mucormycosis (CAPM) with COVID-19-associated rhino-orbital mucormycosis (CAROM), ascertain factors associated with CAPM among patients with COVID-19, and identify factors associated with 12-week mortality in CAPM. METHODS: We performed a retrospective multicentre cohort study. All study participants had COVID-19. We enrolled CAPM, CAROM, and COVID-19 subjects without mucormycosis (controls; age-matched). We collected information on demography, predisposing factors, and details of COVID-19 illness. Univariable analysis was used to compare CAPM and CAROM. We used multivariable logistic regression to evaluate factors associated with CAPM (with hypoxemia during COVID-19 as the primary exposure) and at 12-week mortality. RESULTS: We included 1724 cases (CAPM [n = 122], CAROM [n = 1602]) and 3911 controls. Male sex, renal transplantation, multimorbidity, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, intensive care admission, and cumulative glucocorticoid dose for COVID-19 were significantly higher in CAPM than in CAROM. On multivariable analysis, COVID-19-related hypoxemia (aOR, 2.384; 95% CI, 1.209-4.700), male sex, rural residence, diabetes mellitus, serum C-reactive protein, glucocorticoid, and zinc use during COVID-19 were independently associated with CAPM. CAPM reported a higher 12-week mortality than CAROM (56 of the 107 [52.3%] vs. 413 of the 1356 [30.5%]; p = 0.0001). Hypoxemia during COVID-19 (aOR [95% CI], 3.70 [1.34-10.25]) and Aspergillus co-infection (aOR [95% CI], 5.40 [1.23-23.64]) were independently associated with mortality in CAPM, whereas surgery was associated with better survival. DISCUSSION: CAPM is a distinct entity with a higher mortality than CAROM. Hypoxemia during COVID-19 illness is associated with CAPM. COVID-19 hypoxemia and Aspergillus co-infection were associated with higher mortality in CAPM.


Asunto(s)
Aspergilosis , COVID-19 , Coinfección , Mucormicosis , Humanos , Masculino , Mucormicosis/complicaciones , Mucormicosis/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estudios de Cohortes , Glucocorticoides , COVID-19/complicaciones , COVID-19/terapia , Factores de Riesgo , India/epidemiología , Hipoxia/complicaciones
12.
Bioorg Chem ; 143: 107045, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38147786

RESUMEN

One of the leading causes of mortality in the world is cancer. This disease occurs when responsible genes that regulate the cell cycle become inactive due to internal or external factors. Specifically, the G1/S and S/G2 transitions in the cell cycle are controlled by a protein called cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2). CDKs, which play a crucial role in managing the cell cycle, have been a wide area of research in cancer treatment. Over the past 11 years, significant research has been made in identifying potent, targeted, and efficient inhibitors of CDK2. In this summary, we have summarized recent developments in the synthesis and biological evaluation of CDK2 inhibitors.


Asunto(s)
Quinasas CDC2-CDC28 , Neoplasias , Quinasa 2 Dependiente de la Ciclina , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinasas , Quinasas Ciclina-Dependientes , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Ciclo Celular , Inhibidores Enzimáticos/farmacología , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico
13.
Cureus ; 15(11): e48779, 2023 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38098903

RESUMEN

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical-radiological illness characterized by neurological symptoms and reversible changes in neuroimaging. We discuss the case of a 45-year-old patient with an alcohol use disorder who presented with an altered mental state in the emergency room. Home-made alcohol, known to contain significant quantities of methanol, was recently consumed in excess by the said patient. The diagnosis of PRES was supported by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which showed bilateral hyperintense regions in the temporo-occipital lobes and diffuse cerebral edema. The development of PRES and chronic alcoholism, as well as binge drinking and possible endothelial dysfunction, are all highlighted in this case study. For individuals with PRES, early identification and adequate care are essential for reducing complications and improving outcomes.

15.
Cureus ; 15(9): e44680, 2023 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37809132

RESUMEN

Leiomyomas, or uterine fibroids, are growths consisting of muscle and tissue that develop in or on the uterine wall. The most frequent benign uterine tumours in women of reproductive age are thought to be fibroids. Dysmenorrhea, spotting, hypermenorrhoea, abdominal pain, pressure on surrounding organs, and issues with micturition and defecation are among the symptoms that are often present. Fibroids can form as a single nodule or as a cluster. Uterine fibroids, especially large submucosal and intramural uterine fibroids, can cause obstacles to implantation and lead to pregnancy loss. Uterine fibroids can be treated without surgery and with little downtime using focused ultrasound. There is published research showing that women can conceive and have healthy children after therapy, thus protecting fertility. The ablation of uterine fibroids by high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is successful since the volume of the fibroids is significantly reduced.

16.
Cureus ; 15(7): e42754, 2023 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37654931

RESUMEN

Testicular torsion is a condition characterized by the twisting of the testis and spermatic cord within the scrotum, resulting in the obstruction of venous return and subsequent swelling. If left untreated, the torsion can progress to block the arterial blood supply, leading to ischemia. Prolonged ischemia can result in testicular necrosis and decreased fertility. Recognizing the urgency of this condition, timely diagnosis and management are crucial. In this clinical case, a 16-year-old male presented with left-sided scrotal pain following a minor trauma. Despite prompt medical attention, the delay in seeking treatment resulted in irreversible testicular necrosis. The case emphasizes the urgency of diagnosing and managing testicular torsion to prevent serious consequences such as testicular loss and reduced fertility. It serves as a poignant reminder for healthcare professionals to remain vigilant in recognizing this urological emergency and advocating for timely intervention to optimize patient outcomes.

17.
Cureus ; 15(8): e43933, 2023 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37746358

RESUMEN

Given the possibility of serious consequences for both the pregnant woman and the developing baby, subclavian artery stenosis (SAS) during pregnancy represents a unique but demanding scenario that requires quick and thorough treatment. In this report, we present a case of a pregnant patient with SAS who was managed effectively by employing a multidisciplinary approach, with a focus on clinical decision-making and intervention measures to ensure the best possible outcomes for both the mother and the fetus. This case report highlights the significance of prompt recognition and action to avoid the adverse consequences of SAS during pregnancy. To establish uniform standards for managing such high-risk cases and achieve better patient outcomes, more research and case studies are required.

18.
Cureus ; 15(7): e42107, 2023 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37602055

RESUMEN

Postpartum mood disorders pose significant challenges to women's mental health and well-being during the postpartum period. This review article provides insights into these disorders' diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. The article begins by discussing the background information on postpartum mood disorders, their significance, and the purpose of understanding them. It then delves into the classification and types of postpartum mood disorders, emphasizing the need for accurate diagnosis and differentiation. Prevalence and incidence rates are explored to highlight the scope and impact of these disorders. The review examines various risk factors associated with postpartum mood disorders, including biological, psychological, and socioeconomic factors. Understanding these risk factors helps identify high-risk populations and guide targeted interventions. Screening and diagnosis of postpartum mood disorders are crucial for early detection and intervention. The article provides an overview of screening tools, highlights the challenges in diagnosis, and emphasizes the importance of early identification for better outcomes. Prevention strategies are explored, including antenatal education, psychosocial support programs, and the role of healthcare professionals in promoting preventive measures. Effective prevention interventions and their outcomes are discussed to guide healthcare providers and policymakers in implementing evidence-based strategies. Treatment approaches for postpartum mood disorders include pharmacological interventions, psychotherapy options, alternative and complementary therapies, and multidisciplinary approaches. The article discusses the effectiveness and considerations of each approach, highlighting the importance of individualized care. Challenges and barriers in diagnosing, preventing, and treating postpartum mood disorders are addressed, including stigma, limited access to healthcare services, and gaps in healthcare provider knowledge and training. Recommendations are provided for healthcare professionals and policymakers to overcome these challenges and improve outcomes. The review concludes by highlighting the need for future research, innovations in prevention and treatment approaches, and collaborative efforts in the field of postpartum mood disorders. Promising areas for research are identified, including long-term outcomes, understanding risk factors, and cultural considerations. The article emphasizes the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration and stakeholder engagement in advancing the field.

19.
J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) ; 31(2): 10225536231182349, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37449812

RESUMEN

The distal tibiofibular syndesmosis (DTFS) is more frequently injured than previously thought. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment is essential to avoid long term complications like chronic instability, early osteoarthritis and residual pain. Management of these injuries require a complete understanding of the anatomy of DTFS, and the role played by the ligaments stabilizing the DTFS and ankle. High index of suspicion, appreciating the areas of focal tenderness and utilizing the provocative maneuvers help in early diagnosis. In pure ligamentous injuries radiographs with stress of weight bearing help to detect subtle instability. If these images are inconclusive, then further imaging with MRI, CT scan, stress examination under anesthesia, and arthroscopic examination facilitate diagnosis. An injury to syndesmosis frequently accompanies rotational fractures and all ankle fractures need to be stressed intra-operatively under fluoroscopy after fixation of the osseous components to detect syndesmotic instability. Non-operative treatment is appropriate for stable injuries. Unstable injuries should be treated operatively. Anatomic reduction of the syndesmosis is critical, and currently both trans-syndesmotic screws and suture button fixation are commonly used for syndesmotic stabilization. Chronic syndesmotic instability (CSI) requires debridement of syndesmosis, restoration of ankle mortise with or without syndesmotic stabilization. Arthrodesis of ankle is used a last resort in the presence of significant ankle arthritis. This article reviews anatomy and biomechanics of the syndesmosis, the mechanism of pure ligamentous injury and injury associated with ankle fractures, clinical, radiological and arthroscopic diagnosis and surgical treatment.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Tobillo , Traumatismos del Tobillo , Inestabilidad de la Articulación , Humanos , Fracturas de Tobillo/diagnóstico por imagen , Fracturas de Tobillo/cirugía , Articulación del Tobillo/cirugía , Traumatismos del Tobillo/diagnóstico por imagen , Traumatismos del Tobillo/cirugía , Inestabilidad de la Articulación/diagnóstico por imagen , Inestabilidad de la Articulación/etiología , Ligamentos Articulares/cirugía
20.
J Parasit Dis ; 47(3): 513-519, 2023 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37520197

RESUMEN

The objective of this study was to evaluate the acaricidal activity of a paste made from freeze-dried methanolic extracts of air-dried leaf powders of Azadirachta indica, Eucalyptus hybrid, Saraca asoca, and Murraya koenigii against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus on cellulose paper. The extracts were tested in both single form (100% and 50% concentration) and dual combination (prepared by mixing equal proportions of the extracts in 100% concentration). The results showed a direct proportional relationship (p < 0.05) between the concentration of the extracts and the mortality percentage at 72 h post-treatment, as well as the inhibition of oviposition (I.O.) percentage. The highest mortality rate of 98.75 ± 1.25% and I.O. of 44.47 ± 0.87% was observed with the A. indica extract at 100% concentration, followed by E. hybrid, S. asoca, and M. koenigii. The combination of A. indica and E. hybrid extracts had a mortality rate of 87.5 ± 5.59% and I.O. of 42.91 ± 0.44%, followed by the combinations of S. asoca: E. hybrid, A. indica: S. asoca, E. hybrid: M. koenigii, and A. indica: M. koenigii. The extracts of A. indica and E. hybrid demonstrated the highest mortality and inhibition of oviposition percentages compared to the other extracts in both single and dual combinations. These extracts required 72 h to reach their maximum mortality.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...