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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 915: 169947, 2024 Mar 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38220021

RESUMEN

Association of lightning with Lifting Condensation Level (LCL), Equilibrium Level (EL), K Index, and humidity at 850 mb and 200 mb in 2019 and 2020 over National Capital Region (Delhi) (Lat: 27°N -29°N, Lon: 76°E-78°E) is investigated using in-situ observation data. Study shows high lightning activity during low LCL, and vice versa. This high lighting and low LCL is associated with high relative humidity at 850 mb, and high "K" index. Low LCL and high relative humidity (low dew point depression) at 850 mb helps in generating super cell thunderstorms with spinning/tornado updraft. It is seen that asymmetric LCL height and relative humidity at 850 mb is the prime causes for uneven seasonal lightning in 2019 and 2020 over the region, despite more or less same seasonal aerosol and relative humidity. Anvil clouds behave uneven with time, despite, unanimous cloud top glaciation.

2.
Clin Microbiol Infect ; 30(3): 368-374, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38081413

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To compare COVID-19-associated pulmonary mucormycosis (CAPM) with COVID-19-associated rhino-orbital mucormycosis (CAROM), ascertain factors associated with CAPM among patients with COVID-19, and identify factors associated with 12-week mortality in CAPM. METHODS: We performed a retrospective multicentre cohort study. All study participants had COVID-19. We enrolled CAPM, CAROM, and COVID-19 subjects without mucormycosis (controls; age-matched). We collected information on demography, predisposing factors, and details of COVID-19 illness. Univariable analysis was used to compare CAPM and CAROM. We used multivariable logistic regression to evaluate factors associated with CAPM (with hypoxemia during COVID-19 as the primary exposure) and at 12-week mortality. RESULTS: We included 1724 cases (CAPM [n = 122], CAROM [n = 1602]) and 3911 controls. Male sex, renal transplantation, multimorbidity, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, intensive care admission, and cumulative glucocorticoid dose for COVID-19 were significantly higher in CAPM than in CAROM. On multivariable analysis, COVID-19-related hypoxemia (aOR, 2.384; 95% CI, 1.209-4.700), male sex, rural residence, diabetes mellitus, serum C-reactive protein, glucocorticoid, and zinc use during COVID-19 were independently associated with CAPM. CAPM reported a higher 12-week mortality than CAROM (56 of the 107 [52.3%] vs. 413 of the 1356 [30.5%]; p = 0.0001). Hypoxemia during COVID-19 (aOR [95% CI], 3.70 [1.34-10.25]) and Aspergillus co-infection (aOR [95% CI], 5.40 [1.23-23.64]) were independently associated with mortality in CAPM, whereas surgery was associated with better survival. DISCUSSION: CAPM is a distinct entity with a higher mortality than CAROM. Hypoxemia during COVID-19 illness is associated with CAPM. COVID-19 hypoxemia and Aspergillus co-infection were associated with higher mortality in CAPM.


Asunto(s)
Aspergilosis , COVID-19 , Coinfección , Mucormicosis , Humanos , Masculino , Mucormicosis/complicaciones , Mucormicosis/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estudios de Cohortes , Glucocorticoides , COVID-19/complicaciones , COVID-19/terapia , Factores de Riesgo , India/epidemiología , Hipoxia/complicaciones
4.
Pure Appl Geophys ; 179(4): 1403-1419, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35250099

RESUMEN

The association between aerosol and lightning has been investigated with long-term decadal data (2005-2014) for lightning, aerosol optical depth (AOD), relative humidity, and effective cloud droplet size. To understand the complex relationship between aerosol and lightning, two different regions with different climatic and weather conditions, a humid region R1 (22°-29° N, 89°-92° E) and an arid region R2 (23°-28° N, 70°-76° E) of northern India, were chosen for the study domain. The results show that lightning activity was observed to occur more over the humid region R1, i.e., 1141 days (1/3 of total days), than over the arid region R2, i.e., 740 days (1/5 of total days). Also, over the humid region R1, the highest lightning flash density was recorded as nearly 4.6 × 10-4 flashes/km2/day observed for 18 days (1.5%); on the contrary, over the arid region R2, the maximum lightning flash density was observed to be 2.5 × 10-4 flashes/km2/day and occurred for about 22 days (2.9%). The analysis shows that a nonlinear relationship exists between aerosol and lightning with a highly associated influence of relative humidity. A very significant positive and negative co-relation that varies with relative humidity has been observed between AOD and lightning for both humid and arid regions. This shows relative humidity is the key factor in determining the increase or decrease of lightning activity. This study also shows that the larger the cloud droplet size, the higher the relative humidity and vice versa. This study emphasizes that aerosol concentration in the atmosphere influences cloud microphysics by modulating the size of cloud droplets and thereby regulating the lightning frequency. The atmospheric humidity is the driving factor in deciding the positive or negative co-relationship between aerosol and lightning. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s00024-022-02981-6.

6.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 56(2): 178-183, 2019 Aug 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460583

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Abdominal tuberculosis is an increasing problem in developing world. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe the clinical presentations, drug resistance pattern and treatment outcomes of abdominal tuberculosis in Western India. METHODS: All the cases of abdominal tuberculosis from May 2014 to April 2017, diagnosed on the basis of clinical profile and gross morphological findings at endoscopy, imaging, followed by histology and/or GeneXpert and MGIT culture were included. All patients received antitubercular drug (AKT) therapy according to national protocol. Patients were followed from diagnoses till completion of treatment and various parameters were studied. RESULTS: Out of the 176 patients, 48% were males. Abdominal pain was most common complaint in 83.5%. On colonoscopy terminal ileum and ileocaecal valve were most commonly involved segments. Upper gastrointestinal tract was involved in four patients. Overall ulceronodular lesions were most common followed by ulcerative/nodular lesion. Strictures in bowel were seen in 28 (15.9%) patients with ileocaecal valve being most commonly involved, of which 23 had symptomatic relief with AKT and only three required dilatation. Histopathology showed granuloma in 80.8% cases. MGIT was positive in 43 (35.80%) cases and GeneXpert was positive in 35 (26.1%) cases. Eight patients had multi drug resistant tuberculosis. Only two patients required surgical management. CONCLUSION: Abdominal tuberculosis with wide spectrum of presentation, can still be managed with early diagnosis and treatment even in patients with sub acute intestinal obstruction. Weight gain or resolving symptoms were considered early markers of treatment response. Patients with stricture can become asymptomatic with medical treatment alone.


Asunto(s)
Antituberculosos/uso terapéutico , Tuberculosis Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Tuberculosis Gastrointestinal/tratamiento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Niño , Resistencia a Medicamentos , Endoscopía Gastrointestinal , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , India , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Factores Socioeconómicos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
7.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(2): 178-183, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019448

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Abdominal tuberculosis is an increasing problem in developing world. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe the clinical presentations, drug resistance pattern and treatment outcomes of abdominal tuberculosis in Western India. METHODS: All the cases of abdominal tuberculosis from May 2014 to April 2017, diagnosed on the basis of clinical profile and gross morphological findings at endoscopy, imaging, followed by histology and/or GeneXpert and MGIT culture were included. All patients received antitubercular drug (AKT) therapy according to national protocol. Patients were followed from diagnoses till completion of treatment and various parameters were studied. RESULTS: Out of the 176 patients, 48% were males. Abdominal pain was most common complaint in 83.5%. On colonoscopy terminal ileum and ileocaecal valve were most commonly involved segments. Upper gastrointestinal tract was involved in four patients. Overall ulceronodular lesions were most common followed by ulcerative/nodular lesion. Strictures in bowel were seen in 28 (15.9%) patients with ileocaecal valve being most commonly involved, of which 23 had symptomatic relief with AKT and only three required dilatation. Histopathology showed granuloma in 80.8% cases. MGIT was positive in 43 (35.80%) cases and GeneXpert was positive in 35 (26.1%) cases. Eight patients had multi drug resistant tuberculosis. Only two patients required surgical management. CONCLUSION: Abdominal tuberculosis with wide spectrum of presentation, can still be managed with early diagnosis and treatment even in patients with sub acute intestinal obstruction. Weight gain or resolving symptoms were considered early markers of treatment response. Patients with stricture can become asymptomatic with medical treatment alone.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A tuberculose abdominal é um problema crescente no mundo em desenvolvimento. OBJETIVO: O objetivo do estudo foi descrever as apresentações clínicas, o padrão de resistência a fármacos e os desfechos de tratamento da tuberculose abdominal na Índia ocidental. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos todos os casos de tuberculose abdominal de maio de 2014 a abril de 2017, diagnosticados com base no perfil clínico e nos resultados morfológicos brutos na endoscopia, imagem latente, seguido pela histologia e/ou pela cultura de GeneXpert e de MGIT. Todos os pacientes receberam a terapia antitubercular da droga (AKT) de acordo com o protocolo nacional. Os pacientes foram acompanhados de diagnósticos até a conclusão do tratamento e vários parâmetros foram estudados. RESULTADOS: Dos 176 pacientes, 48% eram do sexo masculino. A dor abdominal foi a queixa mais comum em 83,5%. Na colonoscopia, o íleo terminal e a válvula íleo-cecal foram os segmentos mais comumente envolvidos. O trato gastrointestinal superior foi envolvido em quatro pacientes. As lesões ulceronodulares totais foram as mais comuns seguidas pela lesão ulcerosa/nodular. As estenoses foram observadas em 28 (15,9%) pacientes priciplamente com a válvula íleo-cecal envolvida, dos quais 23 tiveram alívio sintomático com AKT e somente três necessitaram de dilatação. A histopatologia mostrou o granuloma em 80,8% casos. O MGIT foi positivo em 43 (35,80%) e GeneXpert foi positivo em 35 (26,1%) casos. Oito pacientes tiveram tuberculose resistente a múltiplas drogas. Apenas dois pacientes necessitaram de manejo cirúrgico. CONCLUSÃO: A tuberculose abdominal com amplo espectro de apresentação, ainda pode ser manuseada com diagnóstico precoce e tratamento mesmo em pacientes com obstrução intestinal sub-aguda. Ganho de peso ou sintomas resolvidos foram considerados marcadores precoces de resposta ao tratamento. Pacientes com estenose podem se tornar assintomáticos com tratamento médico isoladamente.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Niño , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Adulto Joven , Tuberculosis Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Tuberculosis Gastrointestinal/tratamiento farmacológico , Antituberculosos/uso terapéutico , Factores Socioeconómicos , Resistencia a Medicamentos , Estudios Prospectivos , Estudios de Seguimiento , Endoscopía Gastrointestinal , Resultado del Tratamiento , India , Persona de Mediana Edad
8.
Int J Pediatr ; 2018: 5735632, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29681952

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Neonatal sepsis is associated with abnormal neurodevelopmental outcomes but not with poor growth at 9 to 15 months of corrected age in LBW infants. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This is a prospective cohort study involving 128 eligible preterm low-birth-weight (LBW) infants admitted during the period of 2013-2014 to the Durgabai Deshmukh Hospital and Research Center. All patients were followed up in the outpatient Department of Pediatrics. They were divided into the sepsis and nonsepsis group. RESULTS: A total of 94 infants were evaluated (40 in sepsis and 54 in nonsepsis group). At the age of 9-15 months, low-birth-weight infants with neonatal sepsis had an increased risk of neurodevelopmental disorders (67.5 versus 20.3%; RR: 3.31 (1.87-5.85)). There is no statistically significant difference in the growth outcomes. CONCLUSION: Neonatal infections are associated with the abnormal neurodevelopmental outcomes in LBW infants but there was no significant difference at growth outcome at 9 to 15 months of corrected age between both groups.

9.
J Trop Pediatr ; 63(6): 476-482, 2017 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28334813

RESUMEN

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the ductal diameter centiles in the first 24 h of life and their relation to cerebral blood flow in neonates weighing <1250 g in the first 24 h of life. METHOD AND MATERIAL: This prospective observational cohort study enrolled 44 infants with birth weight <1250 g. Two-dimensional echocardiography and color Doppler were performed within the first 12 h of life and were repeated again in the next 12 h of life to assess the ductal size and middle cerebral artery (MCA) flows [peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV), mean velocity (MV) and pulsatility index (PI)]. RESULTS: The mean patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) size (mm) within 0-6 h was 1.88 ± 1.12, within 7-12 h was 2.02 ± 0.973, within 13-18 h was 1.47 ± 1.00 and within 19-24 h was 1.42 ± 0.705. There was a significant increase in the PSV and MV of the MCA in infants with open PDA compared with those with closed PDA (p < 0.05) when measured between 13 and 24 h of life. There was no correlation between the PDA size and simultaneous PSV, EDV, MV and PI of MCA within 12 h of life. The PDA size within 13-24 h showed correlation with only the PSV of the MCA (p = 0.05) and not with the EDV, MV and PI. There was no significant difference in the PSV, EDV, MV and PI among the infants depending on the size of the PDA. CONCLUSION: There is a progressive decrease in the PDA size in the first 24 h of life. The PSV and MV of the MCA are increased in infants with closed PDA, but among those with open PDA, size does not relate to MCA flows in the first 24 h of life.

10.
J Clin Gastroenterol ; 51(6): 548-556, 2017 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28272079

RESUMEN

GOALS: The aim of this study was to analyze the natural history and treatment outcomes of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) variants presenting with severe-AIH. BACKGROUND: Severe acute presentation is an uncommon manifestation of AIH, and it remains poorly characterized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 101 patients with AIH from January 2011 to December 2015. Patients were classified as seropositive-AIH and seronegative-AIH. Patients with acute liver failure, acute-on-chronic liver failure, and severe acute hepatitis were defined as severe-AIH patients. Patient characteristics and treatment outcomes with follow-up until 12 months were analyzed between the different groups. RESULTS: Out of 101 cases, 24 (23.76%) had severe AIH. Of them 9 (37.5%) had severe acute hepatitis, 3 (12.5%) had acute liver failure, and 12 (50%) had acute-on-chronic liver failure. Seronegative-AIH patients presented with severe-AIH significantly more frequently compared with seropositive-AIH patients (50% vs. 20.27%, P=0.022). Severe-AIH had 50% complete responders, 25% partial responders, and 25% treatment failures. Jaundice (88.88% vs. 68.7%, P=0.048), encephalopathy (55.55% vs. 6.66%, P=0.014), and higher international normalized ratio values (2.17±0.60 vs. 1.82±0.14, P=0.038) were factors associated with nonresponse rather than the presence or absence of autoantibodies in severe-AIH. The hazard ratio for predicting remission in the non-severe AIH group as compared with the severe-AIH group was 1.502, which was statistically not significant (95% CI, 0.799-2.827; P=0.205). CONCLUSION: Approximately 24% of patients with AIH have severe-AIH. Conventional autoantibodies are often absent in severe-AIH; however, it does not alter the outcome. Immunosuppressants should be given expediently in patients with severe-AIH.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Hepática Crónica Agudizada/diagnóstico , Autoanticuerpos/inmunología , Hepatitis Autoinmune/diagnóstico , Fallo Hepático Agudo/diagnóstico , Enfermedad Aguda , Insuficiencia Hepática Crónica Agudizada/inmunología , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Bases de Datos Factuales , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Hepatitis Autoinmune/inmunología , Hepatitis Autoinmune/fisiopatología , Humanos , Inmunosupresores/uso terapéutico , Fallo Hepático Agudo/inmunología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Inducción de Remisión , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
11.
Trop Doct ; 47(3): 205-211, 2017 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27342920

RESUMEN

The spectrum of liver disease among HIV-infected patients is changing. In the era of antiretroviral therapy, opportunistic infections are diminishing and deranged liver function appears to be due usually to drug-induced liver injury, alcohol, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) or chronic hepatitis B. To test this hypothesis, 98 HIV-positive patients with deranged liver function were compared with matched HIV-positive patients with normal liver function and likewise matched HIV-negative patients with normal liver function tests.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones Oportunistas Relacionadas con el SIDA/epidemiología , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Hepatitis Viral Humana/epidemiología , Hepatopatías/epidemiología , Hígado/enzimología , Adulto , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Humanos , India/epidemiología , Pruebas de Función Hepática , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Estudios Prospectivos
12.
Intest Res ; 14(4): 343-350, 2016 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27799885

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The existence of non-celiac gluten sensitivity has been debated. Indeed, the intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms of many patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) but without celiac disease or wheat allergy have been shown to improve on a gluten-free diet. Therefore, this study set out to evaluate the effects of gluten on IBS symptoms. METHODS: We performed a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled rechallenge trial in a tertiary care hospital with IBS patients who fulfilled the Rome III criteria. Patients with celiac disease and wheat allergy were appropriately excluded. The participants were administered a gluten-free diet for 4 weeks and were asked to complete a symptom-based questionnaire to assess their overall symptoms, abdominal pain, bloating, wind, and tiredness on the visual analog scale (0-100) at the baseline and every week thereafter. The participants who showed improvement were randomly assigned to one of two groups to receive either a placebo (gluten-free breads) or gluten (whole cereal breads) as a rechallenge for the next 4 weeks. RESULTS: In line with the protocol analysis, 60 patients completed the study. The overall symptom score on the visual analog scale was significantly different between the two groups (P<0.05). Moreover, the patients in the gluten intervention group scored significantly higher in terms of abdominal pain, bloating, and tiredness (P<0.05), and their symptoms worsened within 1 week of the rechallenge. CONCLUSIONS: A gluten diet may worsen the symptoms of IBS patients. Therefore, some form of gluten sensitivity other than celiac disease exists in some of them, and patients with IBS may benefit from gluten restrictions.

13.
Ann Hepatol ; 15(6): 853-861, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27740518

RESUMEN

 Background and rationale. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of pediatric liver disease in western countries. Its prevalence in Indian subcontinent is not well studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a school based cross sectional study we have screened overweight and obese children in the age group of 11 to 15 years for NAFLD. Ultrasonography, elevated serum transaminases, fibroscan were used for defining NAFLD. Dietary habits, blood pressure, serum lipid profile, blood counts and insulin resistance were recorded. The relation of fibrosis 4 score, pediatric NAFLD fibrosis index, aspartate transaminases to platelet ratio index (APRI) with fibroscan was evaluated. RESULTS: Out of 616 students screened 198 were overweight and obese. Hundred students and their parents gave informed consent for the further evaluation. The prevalence of NAFLD was 62% in overweight and obese children. Fatty liver was found in 50 % students on ultrasonography, liver stiffness (≥ 6.1 Kilopascals) in 23% and raised alanine transaminase in 30%. Hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance were seen in 6%, 18%, 2% and 66% students respectively. Systolic hypertension, serum triglyceride, aspartate transaminase, APRI was significantly higher in the NAFLD group. On binary logistic regression only systolic hypertension was an independent risk factor for NAFLD. CONCLUSION: In conclusion NAFLD is common in asymptomatic overweight and obese Indian children. Systolic hypertension is the only independent factor associated with NAFLD. Fibroscan has limited role for screening. We recommend screening for NAFLD in this high risk group with alanine transaminases and ultrasonography.


Asunto(s)
Cirrosis Hepática/epidemiología , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/epidemiología , Obesidad Pediátrica/epidemiología , Adolescente , Alanina Transaminasa/sangre , Aspartato Aminotransferasas/sangre , Biomarcadores/sangre , Índice de Masa Corporal , Distribución de Chi-Cuadrado , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Diagnóstico por Imagen de Elasticidad , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertensión/diagnóstico , Hipertensión/epidemiología , India/epidemiología , Lípidos/sangre , Cirrosis Hepática/sangre , Cirrosis Hepática/diagnóstico por imagen , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/sangre , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/diagnóstico por imagen , Obesidad Pediátrica/diagnóstico , Recuento de Plaquetas , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Prevalencia , Factores de Riesgo
15.
J Emerg Med ; 51(4): e79-e83, 2016 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27471133

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Acute encephalopathy in a patient with alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a commonly encountered emergency situation occurring most frequently due to liver failure precipitated by varying etiologies. Acute reversible cerebellar ataxia with confusion secondary to prolonged metronidazole use has been reported rarely as a cause of encephalopathy in patients with ALD. CASE REPORT: We describe a decompensated ALD patient with recurrent pyogenic cholangitis associated with hepatolithiasis who presented to the emergency department with sudden-onset cerebellar ataxia with dysarthria and mental confusion after prolonged use of metronidazole. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain was suggestive of bilateral dentate nuclei hyper intensities on T2 and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sections seen classically in metronidazole-induced encephalopathy (MIE). Decompensated liver cirrhosis resulted in decreased hepatic clearance and increased cerebrospinal fluid concentration of metronidazole leading to toxicity at a relatively low total cumulative dose of 22 g. Both the clinical symptoms and MRI brain changes were reversed at 7 days and 6 weeks, respectively, after discontinuation of metronidazole. WHY SHOULD AN EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN BE AWARE OF THIS?: A patient with ALD presenting with encephalopathy creates a diagnostic dilemma for the emergency physician regarding whether to continue metronidazole and treat for hepatic encephalopathy or to suspect for MIE and withhold the drug. Failure to timely discontinue metronidazole may worsen the associated hepatic encephalopathy in these patients. Liver cirrhosis patients have higher mean concentration of metronidazole and its metabolite in the blood, making it necessary to keep the cumulative dose of metronidazole to < 20 g in them.


Asunto(s)
Antiinfecciosos/efectos adversos , Ataxia Cerebelosa/inducido químicamente , Hepatopatías Alcohólicas/complicaciones , Metronidazol/efectos adversos , Antiinfecciosos/metabolismo , Ataxia Cerebelosa/diagnóstico por imagen , Confusión/inducido químicamente , Disartria/inducido químicamente , Humanos , Hepatopatías Alcohólicas/metabolismo , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Masculino , Metronidazol/metabolismo , Persona de Mediana Edad
17.
J Clin Diagn Res ; 10(3): OC01-2, 2016 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27134909

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The paediatric obesity is on the rise so as the complications of obesity like cardiovascular diseases, liver diseases, dyslipidaemia are increasing. The changing dietary habits and less of outdoor activities are risk factors for obesity. AIM: The study was conducted to find out prevalence of overweight and obesity among students in four schools of the Mumbai and compare with studies from rest of the country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It is school based, cross-sectional study conducted in four Schools from class of 5(th) to 10(th). The anthropometric measurements of height, weight were taken of each student. The body mass index was calculated based on the age based Cole et al., criteria (International) as well as Khadilkar et al., criteria which are specially develop for Indian children. The data was analysed with chi-square test. RESULTS: Total 1828 students were screened from 4 schools. Out of which 590 were girls and 1238 were boys. The prevalence of overweight and obesity by Cole et al., criteria were 11.3% and 3.3% and by Khadilkar et al., criteria were 17.5% and 7.8 % respectively. CONCLUSION: It shows significant difference in obesity between boys and girls and also between government and private schools. There is overall decrease in prevalence of overweight and obesity as age increases. The overweight and obesity among these schools in Mumbai is comparable with the rest of the studies from India.

18.
J Clin Diagn Res ; 10(2): PD27-8, 2016 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27042532

RESUMEN

Hepatic tuberculosis presents one of the rare forms of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. It is usually secondary to infection in the lung or the gut. Tuberculous liver abscess is the rarer manifestation even in endemic areas of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Hepatogastric fistula secondary to tuberculous liver abscess has never been reported in literature. We herein report a case of a disseminated tuberculous liver abscess complicated by hepatogastric fistula, which posed a considerable diagnostic challenge. It was treated successfully with anti tubercular drugs. Liver abscess with atypical features and non responsive to antibiotics should raise the suspicious of tuberculosis or fungal infections.

19.
World J Hepatol ; 8(6): 340-4, 2016 Feb 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26962400

RESUMEN

We describe a case of 42-year-old female presenting with abdominal pain associated with loss of weight and fever for 8 mo. On evaluation she had gross hepatomegaly with raised alkaline phosphatase and raised GGT levels with normal transaminases and bilirubin. On imaging she had diffuse enlargement of liver with heterogeneous contrast uptake in liver. Her viral marker and autoimmune markers were negative. Liver biopsy depicted massive deposition of amyloid in peri-sinusoidal spaces which revealed apple green birefringence on polarizing microscopy after Congo red staining. Cardiac and renal evaluation was unremarkable. Abdominal fat pad and rectum biopsy was negative for amyloid deposit. There was no evidence of primary amyloidosis as bone marrow examination was normal. Serum and urine immunofixation electrophoresis were normal. Immunoperoxidase staining for serum amyloid associated protein for secondary amyloidosis was negative from liver biopsy. We present this rare case of primary hepatic amyloidosis and review the literature regarding varied presentations of hepatic involvement in amyloidosis.

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