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1.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2021 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745685

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Although recent studies have reported the success of implant-supported monolithic restorations, consensus on the use of monolithic ceramic restorations is lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the survival and biological and technical complication rates of monolithic single crowns and fixed partial dentures (FPDs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search was conducted by 2 independent authors on the PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale and Cochrane risk of bias tool were used to assess the quality and risk of bias of the included studies. Meta-analysis was performed by using the R software program. RESULTS: The search identified 763 articles, 18 of which met the eligibility criteria. A total of 15 studies evaluated monolithic ceramic single crowns, and 4 studies evaluated FPDs. The studies included 1061 monolithic single crowns (524 lithium disilicate, 461 zirconia, and 76 polymer-infiltrated ceramic network [PICN]) and 104 FPDs (36 lithium disilicate and 68 zirconia). Meta-analysis of single-arm studies indicated the proportion of survival, biological, and technical complication rates of 1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0% to 3%), 1% (CI: 0% to 4%), and 2% (CI: 1% to 4%), respectively, for single crowns, independent of ceramic material, and 3% (CI: 0% to 34%), 5% (CI: 1% to 21%), and 5% (CI: 1% to 21%) for FPDs, respectively. Only 5 studies performed a direct comparison between monolithic and veneered ceramic restorations, and no significant difference was observed in terms of survival (risk ratio [RR]: 0.68; CI: 0.25-1.91; P=.96), biological (RR: 0.69; CI: 0.31-1.53; P=.35), and technical complication rates (RR: 0.87; CI: 0.40-1.88; P=.29). CONCLUSIONS: The use of monolithic ceramic can be considered a favorable treatment for tooth-supported single crowns and FPDs, with high survival and low complication rates. However, further randomized controlled trials are needed to reassess these clinical performances, mainly by comparing them with the performance of veneered restorations.

2.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33551134

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: A consensus on whether the use of a complete-denture adhesive provides a clinical benefit remains unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review of randomized controlled trials was to evaluate the use of adhesive in complete dentures in terms of retention and stability, patient-reported outcomes measures, and masticatory performance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library for articles up to October 2020. The Cochrane collaboration tool was used to analyze the risk of bias. The grading quality of evidence and strength of recommendations (GRADE) tool was used to assess the certainty of the evidence. RESULTS: Thirteen studies were included with a total of 516 participants with a mean age of 65.5 years. Most studies reported a significant improvement in the retention and stability, patient-reported outcomes measures, and masticatory performance of complete dentures with the use of denture adhesive compared with no-denture adhesive. Newly developed denture adhesives were reported to have promising results. Most studies presented a low risk of bias, but the certainty of the evidence was classified as low to moderate. CONCLUSIONS: Participants had improved treatment outcomes when using denture adhesives because they significantly improve the retention and stability, patient-reported outcomes measures, and masticatory performance. However, further high-quality studies are needed to confirm these results with newly developed denture adhesives.

3.
Gerodontology ; 2021 Jan 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410217

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to systematically review the literature regarding the surface roughness of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) for denture bases, disinfected with different chemical agents and analyse the outcomes of the included studies. BACKGROUND: Various chemical disinfection protocols to clean the removable dental prosthesis are reported in the literature, however systematic reviews analysing the outcomes in the surface roughness of the PMMA are lacking. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist was used to structure this systematic review. The inclusion criteria were as follows: clinical trials, in vitro studies, studies in English and studies comparing the effects of chemical disinfection products on the surface roughness of PMMA. An electronic search was performed in the following databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus and Web of Science.; we also conducted a manual search for articles published in specific journals of dental prostheses and dental materials. RESULTS: Thirteen in vitro studies in this systematic review and meta-analysis. According to the meta-analysis, the effects of 0.5% (P = .32; MD: 0.06; CI: -0.05 to 0.17; heterogeneity: P < .00001; I2  = 92%) and 1% NaOCl solutions (P = .27; MD: 0.01; CI: -0.01. to 0.03; heterogeneity: P = .03; I2  = 55%) did not statistically differ between the groups studied. Effects of alkaline peroxide were statistically significant (P = .0009; MD: 0.01; CI: 0.01-0.02; heterogeneity: P = .004; I2  = 65%), suggesting that it promotes deterioration of the PMMA surface. CONCLUSION: The alkaline peroxide, when used as a disinfectant, generated changes on the surface roughness of PMMA and should be used with caution; however, NaOCl, even at different concentrations, caused fewer changes on the surface of the denture base.

4.
Sleep Breath ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33415655

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The impact of a complete denture on obstructive sleep apnea is not well understood. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between nighttime use of complete dentures and obstructive sleep apnea and determine if wearing a complete denture during sleep changes the degree of obstructive sleep apnea. METHODS: This systematic review followed the notification items for Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and was recorded in the International Prospective Registry of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) under number CRD42020183167. An electronic search in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases for articles published until September 2020 was conducted. The search strategy used the terms (complete denture OR denture OR edentulous OR edentulism) AND (quality of sleep OR sleep OR apnea OR obstructive sleep apnea). Only prospective, retrospective, controlled, and randomized clinical studies of patients wearing complete dentures, studies comparing sleep with and without the prosthesis, and studies in which patients were diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea by polysomnography were included in the review. RESULTS: In total, four articles were selected for the qualitative and quantitative analyses. A total of 144 patients, with an average age of 60 years, were studied. The meta-analysis showed that there was no statistical difference in the apnea-hypopnea index between using and not using the prosthesis during sleep. CONCLUSIONS: The use of complete dentures during sleep does not influence the degree of obstructive sleep apnea.

5.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(2): 455-468, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33399930

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis (SRM) was to assess the postoperative pain (PP) after non-surgical endodontic retreatment (NSER) in a one visit compared to multiple visits. The PICO question used was "Does NSER in patients with unsatisfactory endodontic treatment in a one-visit visit have a similar PP to that of NSER in multiple visits?" MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review followed PRISMA and was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42019136700). Searches were performed in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library databases for articles published until September 2020. The eligible criteria were randomized clinical trials (RCTs). The meta-analysis was based on the Mantel-Haenszel. The PP after the retreatment was analyzed using a dichotomous outcome, measured according to risk ratio (RR) when p < 0.05. The Cochrane scale was used to assess risk of bias, and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach was used to assess the quality of evidence. RESULTS: Four studies were included. In general analysis without considering intensity, one-visit NSER presented lower PP than the multiple visits only for 1 and 30 days [(RR = 0.67; CI: 0.48 to 0.93; p = 0.02), and (RR = 0.09; CI: 0.01 to 0.66; p = 0.02)], respectively. Regarding sub-analysis considering the intensity, one visit present lower mild PP when compared with multiple visits [(RR = 0.54; CI: 0.30, 0.96; p = 0.04); (RR = 0.33; CI: 0.12, 0.88; p = 0.03); and (RR = 0.12; CI: 0.02, 0.86; p = 0.03)], respectively. However, sub-analysis for moderate and severe PP showed no significant difference, independently of period evaluated (p > 0.05). Regarding the risk of bias analysis, a low risk was observed for most domains, except allocation that was considered unclear, while the certainty of evidence for each analysis was considered low. CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of study, the one and multiple visit can be considered adequate, because both present a similar occurrence of PP, except for mild pain. However, due to the low number of studies, further well conducted and standardized RCTs are needed to reassess these results. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Both therapies of endodontic retreatment can be considered in clinical practice. Therefore, the endodontist must consider the patient's individual characteristics and experience to consider the best treatment approach.


Asunto(s)
Atención Odontológica , Dolor Postoperatorio , Humanos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Retratamiento
6.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2020 Dec 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358610

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: How the performance of dental implants is related to their occlusogingival placement, crestal or subcrestal, is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate marginal bone loss, implant survival rate, and peri-implant soft tissue parameters between implants placed at the crestal and subcrestal bone level. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two independent reviewers searched the PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases for randomized clinical trials published up to September 2020. The meta-analysis was based on the Mantel-Haenszel and the inverse variance methods (α=.05). RESULTS: The search identified 928 references, and 10 studies met the eligibility criteria. A total of 393 participants received 709 implants, 351 at crestal bone levels and 358 at subcrestal bone levels. Meta-analysis indicated that crestal bone level implants showed similar marginal bone loss to that seen with subcrestal bone level implants (mm) (P=.79), independent of the subcrestal level (P=.05) and healing protocol (P=.24). The bone level implant placement did not affect the implant survival rate (P=.76), keratinized tissue (mm) (P=.91), probing depth (mm) (P=.70), or plaque index (%) (P=.92). CONCLUSIONS: The evidence suggests that both approaches of implant placement are clinically acceptable in terms of peri-implant tissue parameters and implant-supported restoration survival.

7.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2020 Oct 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33139058

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: A consensus regarding the biomechanical effects of vertical bone loss in normal and osteoporotic bone tissue according to different implant-abutment interfaces is lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this finite element analysis study was to evaluate the effect of vertical bone loss (without bone loss; with 1.5-mm bone loss; with 3-mm bone loss; and with 4.5-mm bone loss) in normal and osteoporotic bone that received a Ø4×10-mm implant with different implant-abutment connections (external connection [external hexagon] and internal connection [Morse taper]) by using 3D finite element analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen 3D models were simulated. Axial and oblique forces of 200 N and 100 N, respectively, were applied on the occlusal surfaces of the prostheses. Maximum principal stress and microstrain were determined from the bone tissue of each model. von Mises stress analysis was used to evaluate the stress distribution in implants and prosthetic components (fixation screws, abutment, and crown). RESULTS: The results showed higher stress concentrations in models with bone loss as increased vertical bone loss contributed to higher stress and microstrain in the bone tissue, regardless of the quality of bone and implant-abutment connection. Osteoporotic bone contributed to increase in microstrain in the trabecular bone. The internal connection showed lower stress than the external connection implants only in models without marginal bone loss. Furthermore, higher stress concentrations were observed in the implants and fixation screws in models with increased bone loss and external connection implants, mainly under oblique loading. Osteoporotic bone did not affect stress distribution in the implants and prosthetic components. CONCLUSIONS: Progressive bone loss contributed to higher stress in the bone tissue, implants, and prosthetic components. The osteoporotic bone affects only the microstrain in the trabecular bone, but not the stress in the implants and prosthetic components. The internal connection implants showed lower stress in the cortical bone only in models without bone loss, while external connection implants exhibited higher stress in the implants and screws under oblique loading.

8.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(6): 696-700, 2020 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025942

RESUMEN

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the available evidence to identify the influence of pterygomaxillary disjunction on the result of surgically assisted maxillary expansion. BACKGROUND: LeFort I type osteotomy with disjunction of the pterygomaxillary suture is a procedure widely used in maxillofacial surgery. However, the need for its performance during surgically assisted maxillary expansions has been discussed in literature, since serious complications can be caused during this stage. REVIEW RESULTS: Systematic review of articles was performed using three databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane) published until May 2019. After applying the selection criteria, five articles were included in the systematic review, with a total of 141 patients. Meta-analysis showed the absence of significant difference between intervention and control groups in the preoperative period (standardized mean difference = -0.28; confidence interval, CI 95% = -0.81, 0.26; p = 0.31) and postoperative period (standardized mean difference = -0.12; 95% CI = -0.65, 0.42; p = 0.66). In general, the heterogeneity of statistical estimates was low (I2 = 0%). CONCLUSION: No statistically significant difference was observed between control group (without pterygomaxillary disjunction) and intervention group (with pterygomaxillary disjunction). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Based on the data analyzed in this systematic review, it could be concluded that pterygomaxillary disjunction is not a mandatory step to achieve satisfactory maxillary expansion. Thus, not performing pterygomaxillary disjunction can prevent complications and reduce surgical time.


Asunto(s)
Maxilar , Técnica de Expansión Palatina , Humanos , Maxilar/cirugía , Osteotomía Le Fort
9.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948311

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: A consensus about the effect of crown-to-implant (C/I) ratio in single crowns regarding the implant survival rate and marginal bone loss (MBL) is lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the influence of C/I ratio in implant-supported single crowns on clinical outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The search was made in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library databases following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses criteria and registered with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO: CRD42018095711). The focused question was "Does the crown-to-implant ratio influence clinical outcomes for implant-supported single crowns?" RESULTS: Five direct comparative studies were included (C/I ratio ≤1 or >1, or ≤2 or >2), including a total of 262 participants with a mean age of 54.5 years. The meta-analysis comparing C/I ratio between ≤1 or >1 revealed no significant differences (P=.18; risk difference:-0.05; 95% confidence interval: -0.11 to 0.02) in terms of implant survival rate; the same was true for C/I ratio between <2 or ≥2 (P=.05; risk difference:-0.06; 95% confidence interval: -0.12 to -0.00), both analysis were made with a mean follow-up period was 36 months. The mean MBL was calculated based in the qualitative data for each C/I ratio: ≤1 (0.15 mm [-0.34 to 0.34]); >1 (0.07 mm [-0.29 to 0.22]); <2 (1.32 mm [0.38-0.9]); and ≥2 (1.37 mm [-0.02 to 0.91]). The qualitative data reported that the most common mechanical complication was screw loosening, and the most common biological complication was peri-implantitis. CONCLUSIONS: The meta-analysis revealed no relationship between categories of C/I ratio for implant survival rate. The qualitative data also suggested that MBL increased as the C/I ratio increased.

10.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 49(10): 961-968, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274841

RESUMEN

This study evaluated IL-6 salivary levels as well as the +3954 polymorphism of IL-1ß in patients with burning mouth syndrome and healthy individuals, through case-control studies. This systematic review and meta-analysis followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. We conducted this research in PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases. The risk of bias was measured based in the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Researches with a group of patients with burning mouth syndrome and a control group in which the presence of the +3954 polymorphism of IL-1ß and/ or IL-6 salivary levels through non-stimulated saliva were evaluated to detect if this interleukin concentrations are increased in patients and if the polymorphism is a risk factor for this syndrome. We identified seven studies with total of 440 participants, 229 patients with burning mouth syndrome and 211 healthy controls, ages 24-84 years old. The female gender was predominant. Patients in the majority of studies did not present increased levels of IL-6 and the +3954 polymorphism of IL-1ß is not a risk factor for this syndrome. A few studies researched biomarkers in this pathology and more investigations are required not only to identify salivary levels and the polymorphism evaluated, but also other interleukins and polymorphisms in order to clarify the etiopathogenesis of this syndrome as well as for propose new diagnostic methods and treatments.

11.
Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 24(2): 133-144, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056052

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of laser therapy on medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) treatment. METHODS: This study followed PRISMA standards, and an electronic search was performed on the PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cochrane databases. Eighty-nine articles were found. After reading the manuscripts, 15 articles remained for the review. Three of them were selected for meta-analysis. RESULTS: Female gender was predominant (72.5%), and mean age was 66.5 years. Follow-up varied between 3 and 80 months, and the most used bisphosphonate was zoledronic acid (71.6%). Stage II of MRONJ was the most prevalent (68.9%), and the mandible was the most affected site (64.5%). Qualitative data showed that treatment with laser surgery (Er:YAG) was most effective regarding complete healing of the lesion (90%) compared with other treatments. Meta-analysis data showed that low-level laser therapy (LLLT) was more effective than medical treatment (P = 0.006), and surgical treatment was more effective than LLLT (P = 0.008). CONCLUSION: Laser surgery was significantly superior to LLLT (p < 0.00001). Therefore, laser surgical therapy seems to be a great management strategy for MRONJ treatment from stage II. LLLT was shown to improve conservative management in earlier MRONJ stages.


Asunto(s)
Osteonecrosis de los Maxilares Asociada a Difosfonatos , Conservadores de la Densidad Ósea , Terapia por Láser , Osteonecrosis , Anciano , Difosfonatos , Femenino , Humanos , Maxilares
12.
Sleep Med ; 69: 1-7, 2020 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045849

RESUMEN

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has many effects on subjective parameters of the disease, such as reduction in quality of life (QoL), sleep quality (SQ), and increases in daytime sleepiness. Studies have reported the beneficial effect of exercise training on OSA severity; however, whether it improves subjective parameters remains unclear. The purpose of the present review was to investigate the effect of exercise training on QoL, daytime sleepiness, and SQ in adults with OSA by summarizing the results of clinical trials. The study adhered to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines and was registered in PROSPERO. A systematic review of the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane (CENTRAL) databases was conducted. Risk of bias analysis was performed using the Cochrane tool, and Review Manager version 5.2 (R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria) was used to perform the meta-analysis. Of the 1573 studies initially retrieved, 8 relevant studies with 228 participants were included in the analysis. The studies presented moderate risk of bias. Exercise training significantly improved QoL (mean difference, 12.9 [95% confidence interval (CI) 6.4 to 19.5]) and SQ (mean difference, -2.0 [95% CI -3.6 to -0.5]), and reduced daytime sleepiness (mean difference, -3.7 [95% CI -6.1 to -1.2]), and OSA severity (mean difference, -11.4 [95% CI -13.4 to -9.4 events/h]). Thus, physical exercise training was effective in improving subjective parameters and reducing the severity of OSA. Additional randomized clinical trials, however, should be performed to confirm these findings.

13.
J Oral Implantol ; 46(2): 153-162, 2020 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905050

RESUMEN

The objective of this study was to perform a quality analysis of systematic reviews with meta-analyses that focused on the comparison of platform-switching (implant-abutment mismatching) and platform-matched (PM) implants. The assessment of multiple systematic reviews (AMSTAR) and Glenny (Checklist) Scales were used to qualify the studies. PubMed, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Web of Science (formerly ISI Web of Knowledge), and Cochrane databases were searched, by topic, for systematic reviews on dental implants with switching platforms. A total of 8 systematic reviews, including 7 studies with meta-analyses, were selected. The AMSTAR scale indicated a high (n = 6) to moderate (n = 2) score for the included studies. The quantitative analysis indicated that platform-switching implants preserved more bone tissue when compared with platform-matched implants (6 meta-analyses; P < .001, smaller mean difference: -0.29 mm, 95% CI: -0.38, -0.19 and greater mean difference: -0.49 mm, 95% CI: -0.73, -0.26). Quantitative analysis based on 7 systematic reviews with meta-analysis indicated positive peri-implant bone preservation for implants restored with an implant-abutment mismatching (PSW). Further, there is evidence to improve the design of current systematic reviews. Future systematic reviews in this thematic area should consider searches in gray literature and different databases and include only randomized controlled clinical studies.


Asunto(s)
Diseño de Implante Dental-Pilar , Implantes Dentales , Metaanálisis como Asunto , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto , Huesos , Control de Calidad
14.
J Prosthet Dent ; 124(4): 439-445, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862146

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: One-step dental implant surgery with a 1-piece implant has been introduced with the aim of simplifying and increasing the effectiveness of treatment and providing greater comfort for the patient. Whether these goals have been met compared with conventional 2-piece implants remains unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the use of 1-piece versus 2-piece implants in terms of marginal bone loss and implant survival rate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis adhered to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines and was recorded in the International prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO) database (CRD 42018095721). A literature search was conducted in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases for articles published up to May 2018. The population, intervention, comparison, outcome (PICO) question was, "Do patients who received 1-piece implants show similar marginal bone loss, survival rates, and complications as those who receive 2-piece implants?" RESULTS: The meta-analysis was based on the Mantel-Haenszel and inverse variance methods. Implant survival rate was analyzed by using a dichotomous outcome, measured according to risk ratio (RR) and marginal bone loss by continuously evaluating the outcomes according to the mean difference (MD), both with a corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). Five studies, including 270 participants with a mean age of 54.70 years and receiving 434 dental implants, were included. The mean follow-up period was 4 years. Meta-analysis did not reveal a significant difference in relation to implant survival rate (P=.85; RR: -0.89; CI: -0.27 to 2.98), as well as to marginal bone loss (P=.85; MD: -0.43; CI: -0.43 to -0.52). CONCLUSIONS: One- and 2-piece implants demonstrated effectiveness in the rehabilitation of patients requiring dental implants.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Óseas Metabólicas , Implantes Dentales , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad
15.
J Prosthet Dent ; 123(2): 239-245, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227236

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The survival and/or success of post-retained restorations is influenced by the amount of residual coronal structure, known as the "ferrule effect." PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate whether the presence or absence of the ferrule effect influences the failure rate of fiber-reinforced composite post-and-core restorations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed using the PubMed/Medline, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases for articles published up to May 2018. The risk ratio with 95% confidence interval was estimated using the Mantel-Haenszel method. Potentially eligible studies were selected based on the reading of the abstracts and full text of prospective clinical trials, randomized clinical trials, or prospective randomized studies, all with a minimum of 10 participants in each group, with a follow-up period longer than 6 months, and published in English. RESULTS: Of the 380 studies retrieved, 4 were included in this meta-analysis. A total of 297 teeth were evaluated, 157 with a ferrule and 140 without a ferrule. The mean survival rate was 88.35% in the ferrule group and 78.05% in the nonferrule group. No statistically significant difference was noted in the general failure analysis (risk ratio: 0.71 [95% confidence interval: 0.47 to 1.06]; P=.09), although a higher number of failures occurred in nonferrule restorations. More controlled and randomized clinical trials are needed to establish a clinical protocol for the use of post-retained restorations. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the limited number of available studies, the results of this meta-analysis suggest that the ferrule effect does not significantly reduce the failure rate in fiber-reinforced composite post-and-core restorations.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Técnica de Perno Muñón , Diente no Vital , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos
16.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 106: 110292, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753402

RESUMEN

The objective of this systematic review is to evaluate the effect of the incorporation of zirconia (ZrO2) particles on the mechanical properties of PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate), and to establish which characteristics of this material yield the best results aiming their biomedical applicability. This study was carried out in accordance with the Items of Preferred Reports for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA) and is registered in PROSPERO under registration number: CRD42018095801. The searches were carried out in the PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus and Cochrane Library databases for articles published up until April 2018. After the different stages of the article selection process, eight articles were selected for qualitative and quantitative analysis. All were in vitro studies, totaling 536 evaluated samples. The concentrations of zirconia ranged from 0.5% to 20% and the particle sizes were between 15 nm and 10 µm. The incorporation of zirconia particles did not increase the flexural strength of PMMA in only one study. While the concentration of zirconia influences PMMA, the type of acrylic resin, size, and silanization of zirconia particles did not influence the results. Thus, the addition of zirconia particles showed a positive effect on PMMA enhancing their use in the medical and dental field, especially when certain anatomical areas requires higher strength of the materials, providing longevity for the rehabilitation.


Asunto(s)
Polimetil Metacrilato/química , Circonio/química , Bases de Datos Factuales , Resistencia Flexional , Tamaño de la Partícula
17.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e110, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778474

RESUMEN

The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of welding techniques on implant-supported prostheses and determine whether they contribute to a better adaptation compared with a one-piece cast. A search was conducted using the PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases, and articles published until November 2017 were obtained from these databases. This review followed the PRISMA criteria and is registered on the PROSPERO platform (CRD42017081865). The PICO question was "Do welding procedures in one-piece cast implant-supported frameworks influence implant/abutment-framework marginal misfits?" Eleven studies were selected for a qualitative analysis, and seven studies were selected for a quantitative analysis. A total of 189 specimens were fabricated using different materials (cp-Ti, Ni-Cr, Cr-Co, and noble alloys), and welding techniques such as laser welding, conventional welding, tungsten inert gas, and brazing were applied. A vertical marginal misfit was measured using an optical microscope, a stereomicroscope, and/or a scanning electron microscopy. The qualitative analysis in the studies demonstrated a positive effect of the welding techniques on the adaptation of the infrastructures. The meta-analysis confirmed the results (p < 0.00001; MD: -36.14; 95%CI: -48.69 to -23.59). Within the limitations of this study and regarding the heterogeneity of the samples, we conclude that the soldering point technique is effective for obtaining relatively low values of marginal misfit, with laser welding as the most effective technique. However, additional studies were recommended due to the heterogeneity of different variables (alloys, connection, and misfit evaluation) in the included studies.


Asunto(s)
Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado/métodos , Soldadura Dental/métodos , Soldadura/métodos , Técnica de Colado Dental , Adaptación Marginal Dental , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Humanos , Ajuste de Prótesis
18.
Surg Obes Relat Dis ; 15(10): 1850-1859, 2019 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477469

RESUMEN

The aim of the present study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the influence of bariatric surgery on the clinical periodontal conditions in patients with obesity. This review was based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and registered at the International Prospective Registry of Systematic Reviews (CRD42018099313). A search was conducted by 2 investigators in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases for relevant articles published up to May 2018. The inclusion criteria were randomized controlled trials, prospective and retrospective studies, observational studies, longitudinal studies, and cohort studies with at least 3 months of follow-up. No language restrictions were imposed. The exclusion criteria were studies that did not evaluate or report the periodontal measurements, cross-sectional studies (without follow-up after surgery), studies that performed periodontal treatment, and those with insufficient periodontal data. The meta-analysis was based on the Mantel-Haenszel method and inverse variance. The quantitative analysis revealed no statistically significant differences with regard to bleeding on probing (P = .9; mean deviation: -.70; confidence interval = -11.43 to 10.04) or probing pocket depth (P = .41; mean deviation: -.46; confidence interval = -1.55 to .63) before and after intervention. Clinical attachment loss showed a statistically significant difference (P = .0002; mean deviation: .18; confidence interval = .07-.30). It can be concluded that bariatric surgery does not influence bleeding on probing or probing pocket depth, but leads to a worsening of clinical attachment loss.


Asunto(s)
Cirugía Bariátrica/estadística & datos numéricos , Obesidad/cirugía , Salud Bucal/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermedades Periodontales/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Gastrectomía/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Obesidad/complicaciones , Enfermedades Periodontales/complicaciones , Adulto Joven
19.
Int J Prosthodont ; 32(4): 345-348, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283811

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the vertical marginal (VM) and horizontal marginal (HM) misfit of frameworks made using different techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 frameworks were divided into three groups of 10 samples each based on manufacturing technique: nichrome cast (G1), milled in zirconia (G2), and milled in wax and fused to metal (G3). Marginal misfit was measured using a three-dimensional optical microscope. RESULTS: The highest VM misfit was in G3 (83.5 µm), followed by G1 (55 µm) and G2 (42 µm). The highest HM misfit was in G2 (118 µm), followed by G3 (102 µm) and G1 (-85 µm). CONCLUSION: Frameworks milled in zirconia resulted in the lowest VM misfit, while frameworks filled in wax and fused to metal resulted in higher VM. The HM misfit was favorable in the lost-wax technique.


Asunto(s)
Pilares Dentales , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Adaptación Marginal Dental
20.
J Oral Implantol ; 45(4): 334-340, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31042455

RESUMEN

We aimed to conduct an analysis of the systematic reviews (SRs) in literature about the implant survival rate (ISR) and marginal bone loss (MBL) in diabetic and nondiabetic patients. This work was registered in The International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (CRD42018095314) and was developed following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and the Cochrane Library Handbook. A search was performed on PubMed, Cochrane, Scopus, Embase, and LILACS. The PICO (problem/patient/population, intervention/indicator, comparison, outcome) question was "Do the survival rates of dental implants and marginal bone loss differ between diabetic and nondiabetic patients?" A total of 130 articles were retrieved. After eliminating repetitions, 118 were reviewed. Finally, 6 SRs were included. All the reviews indicated that there is no effect of diabetes on the ISR; however, a negative effect of the disease can be observed in MBL. Analysis of the quality of the studies was performed using the assessment of SRs in dentistry (Glenny Scale) and Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR 2). Glenny Scale showed a moderate to high quality of the included studies. In contrast, AMSTAR 2 pointed out a critically low level for 4 studies, with no study fulfilling the criteria for high quality. It may be concluded that there is no effect of diabetes on the ISR; however, a negative effect of the disease can be observed on MBL.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Diabetes Mellitus , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto , Proceso Alveolar/patología , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Tasa de Supervivencia
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