Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 7 de 7
Filtrar
Más filtros










Base de datos
Intervalo de año de publicación
1.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 33(12)2021 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007773

RESUMEN

Resonant ultrasound spectroscopy has been used to characterise strain coupling and relaxation behavior associated with magnetic/magnetoelectric phase transitions in GdMnO3, TbMnO3and TbMn0.98Fe0.02O3through their influence on elastic/anelastic properties. Acoustic attenuation ahead of the paramagnetic to colinear-sinusoidal incommensurate antiferromagnetic transition at ∼41 K correlates with anomalies in dielectric properties and is interpreted in terms of Debye-like freezing processes. A loss peak at ∼150 K is related to a steep increase in electrical conductivity with a polaron mechanism. The activation energy,Ea, of ≳0.04 eV from a loss peak at ∼80 K is consistent with the existence of a well-defined temperature interval in which the paramagnetic structure is stabilised by local, dynamic correlations of electric and magnetic polarisation that couple with strain and have relaxation times in the vicinity of ∼10-6s. Comparison with previously published data for Sm0.6Y0.4MnO3confirms that this pattern may be typical for multiferroic orthorhombicRMnO3perovskites (R= Gd, Tb, Dy). A frequency-dependent loss peak near 10 K observed for TbMnO3and TbMn0.98Fe0.02O3, but not for GdMnO3, yieldedEa⩾ ∼0.002 eV and is interpreted as freezing of some magnetoelastic component of the cycloid structure. Small anomalies in elastic properties associated with the incommensurate and cycloidal magnetic transitions confirm results from thermal expansion data that the magnetic order parameters have weak but significant coupling with strain. Even at strain magnitudes of ∼0.1-1‰, polaron-like strain effects are clearly important in defining the development and evolution of magnetoelectric properties in these materials. Strains associated with the cubic-orthorhombic transition due to the combined Jahn-Teller/octahedral tilting transition in the vicinity of 1500 K are 2-3 orders of magnitude greater. It is inevitable that ferroelastic twin walls due to this transition would have significantly different magnetoelectric properties from homogeneous domains due to magnetoelastic coupling with steep strain gradients.

2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3190, 2020 Jun 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32581280

RESUMEN

Epitaxial films may be released from growth substrates and transferred to structurally and chemically incompatible substrates, but epitaxial films of transition metal perovskite oxides have not been transferred to electroactive substrates for voltage control of their myriad functional properties. Here we demonstrate good strain transmission at the incoherent interface between a strain-released film of epitaxially grown ferromagnetic La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and an electroactive substrate of ferroelectric 0.68Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.32PbTiO3 in a different crystallographic orientation. Our strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling compares well with respect to epitaxial heterostructures, where the epitaxy responsible for strong coupling can degrade film magnetization via strain and dislocations. Moreover, the electrical switching of magnetic anisotropy is repeatable and non-volatile. High-resolution magnetic vector maps reveal that micromagnetic behaviour is governed by electrically controlled strain and cracks in the film. Our demonstration should inspire others to control the physical/chemical properties in strain-released epitaxial oxide films by using electroactive substrates to impart strain via non-epitaxial interfaces.

3.
Nanoscale ; 12(9): 5652-5657, 2020 Mar 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32101212

RESUMEN

Using photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) to image ferromagnetism in polycrystalline Ni disks, and ferroelectricity in their single-crystal BaTiO3 substrates, we find that voltage-driven 90° ferroelectric domain switching serves to reversibly annihilate each magnetic vortex via uniaxial compressive strain, and that the orientation of the resulting bi-domain reveals the chirality of the annihilated vortex. Micromagnetic simulations reveal that only 60% of this strain is required for annihilation. Voltage control of magnetic vortices is novel, and should be energetically favourable with respect to the use of a magnetic field or an electrical current. In future, stray field from bi-domains could be exploited to read vortex chirality. Given that core polarity can already be read via stray field, our work represents a step towards four-state low-power memory applications.

4.
Nat Mater ; 18(8): 840-845, 2019 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31110346

RESUMEN

Large changes in the magnetization of ferromagnetic films can be electrically driven by non-180° ferroelectric domain switching in underlying substrates, but the shear components of the strains that mediate these magnetoelectric effects have not been considered so far. Here we reveal the presence of these shear strains in a polycrystalline film of Ni on a 0.68Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.32PbTiO3 substrate in the pseudo-cubic (011)pc orientation. Although vibrating sample magnetometry records giant magnetoelectric effects that are consistent with the hitherto expected 90° rotations of a global magnetic easy axis, high-resolution vector maps of magnetization (constructed from photoemission electron microscopy data, with contrast from X-ray magnetic circular dichroism) reveal that the local magnetization typically rotates through smaller angles of 62-84°. This shortfall with respect to 90° is a consequence of the shear strain associated with ferroelectric domain switching. The non-orthogonality represents both a challenge and an opportunity for the development and miniaturization of magnetoelectric devices.

5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(13): 9137-9142, 2017 Mar 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28317997

RESUMEN

LaNiO3 (LNO) thin films of 14 nm and 35 nm thicknesses grown epitaxially on LaAlO3 (LAO) and (LaAlO3)0.3(Sr2TaAlO6)0.7 (LSAT) substrates are studied using High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) and High Angle Annular Dark Field (HAADF) imaging. The strain state of the films is studied using Geometric Phase Analysis (GPA). Results show the successful in-plane adaptation of the films to the substrates, both in the compressive (LAO) and tensile (LSAT) cases. Through the systematic analysis of HRTEM superstructure contrast modulation along different crystal orientations, localized regions of the monoclinic LaNiO2.5 phase are detected in the 35 nm films.

6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 113(15): 156802, 2014 Oct 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25375731

RESUMEN

Recent findings show the emergence of two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs) at LaAlO(3)/SrTiO(3) interfaces along different orientations; yet details on band reconstructions have remained so far unknown. Via x-ray linear dichroism spectroscopy, we demonstrate that crystal symmetry imposes distinctive 2DEG orbital hierarchies on (001)-and (110)-oriented quantum wells, allowing selective occupancy of states of different symmetry. Such orientational tuning expands the possibilities for electronic engineering of 2DEGs and opens up enticing opportunities to understand the link between orbital symmetry and complex correlated states at LaAlO(3)/SrTiO(3) quantum wells.

7.
Nat Commun ; 3: 1189, 2012.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23149734

RESUMEN

The electron occupancy of 3d-orbitals determines the properties of transition metal oxides. This can be achieved, for example, through thin-film heterostructure engineering of ABO(3) oxides, enabling emerging properties at interfaces. Interestingly, epitaxial strain may break the degeneracy of 3d-e(g) and t(2g) orbitals, thus favoring a particular orbital filling with consequences for functional properties. Here we disclose the effects of symmetry breaking at free surfaces of ABO(3) perovskite epitaxial films and show that it can be combined with substrate-induced epitaxial strain to tailor at will the electron occupancy of in-plane and out-of-plane surface electronic orbitals. We use X-ray linear dichroism to monitor the relative contributions of surface, strain and atomic terminations to the occupancy of 3z(2)-r(2) and x(2)-y(2) orbitals in La(2/3)Sr(1/3)MnO(3) films. These findings open the possibility of an active tuning of surface electronic and magnetic properties as well as chemical properties (catalytic reactivity, wettability and so on).

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...