Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 16 de 16
Filtrar
1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639847

RESUMEN

Evidence suggests that changes in alcohol consumption during the first months of the COVID-19 pandemic were unevenly distributed over consumer groups. We investigated possible inter-country differences in how changes in alcohol consumption are contingent on initial consumption (before or at the start of the pandemic), and how changes in consumption translate into possible changes in the prevalence of heavy drinking. We used data from the European Survey on Alcohol use and COVID-19 (ESAC) conducted in Czechia, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Norway, Poland, Spain, and the UK (N = 31921). Past-year alcohol consumption and changes in consumption were measured by AUDIT-C. Drinking habits were compared according to percentiles of pre-pandemic consumption levels, below versus above the 90th percentile. Across countries, drinkers in the highest 10% for pre-pandemic consumption increased their drinking during the pandemic, whereas absolute changes among those initially drinking below this level were modest. The percentage of people reporting >28 alcohol units/week increased significantly in seven of eight countries. During the first months of the COVID-19 pandemic, alcohol consumption in the upper decile of the drinkers increased as did the prevalence of heavy drinkers, in contrast with a declining consumption in other groups in the sample.


Asunto(s)
Intoxicación Alcohólica , COVID-19 , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas/epidemiología , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Addiction ; 116(12): 3369-3380, 2021 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34109685

RESUMEN

AIMS: To investigate changes in alcohol consumption during the first months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe as well as its associations with income and experiences of distress related to the pandemic. DESIGN: Cross-sectional on-line survey conducted between 24 April and 22 July 2020. SETTING: Twenty-one European countries. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 31 964 adults reporting past-year drinking. MEASUREMENTS: Changes in alcohol consumption were measured by asking respondents about changes over the previous month in their drinking frequency, the quantity they consumed and incidence of heavy episodic drinking events. Individual indicators were combined into an aggregated consumption-change score and scaled to a possible range of -1 to +1. Using this score as the outcome, multi-level linear regressions tested changes in overall drinking, taking into account sampling weights and baseline alcohol consumption [Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT-C)] and country of residence serving as random intercept. Similar models were conducted for each single consumption-change indicator. FINDINGS: The aggregated consumption-change score indicated an average decrease in alcohol consumption of -0.14 [95% confidence interval (CI) = -0.18, -0.10]. Statistically significant decreases in consumption were found in all countries, except Ireland (-0.08, 95% CI = -0.17, 0.01) and the United Kingdom (+0.10, 95% CI = 0.03, 0.17). Decreases in drinking were mainly driven by a reduced frequency of heavy episodic drinking events (-0.17, 95% CI = -0.20, -0.14). Declines in consumption were less marked among those with low- or average incomes and those experiencing distress. CONCLUSIONS: On average, alcohol consumption appears to have declined during the first months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe. Both reduced availability of alcohol and increased distress may have affected consumption, although the former seems to have had a greater impact in terms of immediate effects.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Europa (Continente)/epidemiología , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
3.
BMJ Open ; 11(5): e043037, 2021 05 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011582

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To fill the existing research gap related to long-term costs of postacute care in methanol poisoning survivors, healthcare cost for 6 years after the outbreak has been modelled and estimated. DESIGN: In a prospective longitudinal cohort study, data collected from 55 survivors of the Czech methanol mass poisoning outbreak in 2012 were collected in four rounds (5 months, then 2, 4 and 6 years after the discharge) in the General University Hospital in Prague according to the same predefined study protocol. The collected data were used to inform the cost model. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: All 83 patients discharged from a hospital poisoning treatment after the 2012 methanol outbreak were informed about the study and invited to participate. Fifty-five patients (66%) gave their written informed consent and were followed until their death or the last follow-up 6 years later. The costs were modelled from the Czech healthcare service (general health insurance) perspective. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Long-term national budget impact of the methanol poisoning outbreak, frequencies of sequelae and their average costs. RESULTS: The postacute cost analysis concentrated on visual and neurological sequelae that were shown to be dominant. Collected data were used to create process maps portraying gradual changes in long-term sequelae over time. Individual process maps were created for the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, sequelae detected during eye examinations and sequelae concerning the visual evoked potentials. Based on the process maps the costs of the postacute outpatient care were estimated. CONCLUSIONS: In 2013-2019 the highest costs per patient related to postacute care were found in the first year; the average costs decreased afterwards, and remained almost constant for the rest of the studied period of time. These costs per patient ranged from CZK4142 in 2013 to CZK1845 in 2018, when they raised to CZK2519 in 2019 again.


Asunto(s)
Metanol , Envenenamiento , Brotes de Enfermedades , Potenciales Evocados Visuales , Costos de la Atención en Salud , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Envenenamiento/epidemiología , Estudios Prospectivos , Atención Subaguda , Sobrevivientes
4.
Int J Methods Psychiatr Res ; 30(3): e1875, 2021 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33951258

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This contribution provides insights into the methodology of a pan-European population-based online survey, performed without external funding during the COVID-19 pandemic. We present the impact of different dissemination strategies to collect data from a non-probabilistic convenience sample and outline post-stratification weighting schemes, to provide guidance for future multi-country survey studies. METHODS: Description and comparison of dissemination strategies for five exemplary countries (Czechia, Germany, Lithuania, Norway, Spain) participating in the Alcohol Use and COVID-19 Survey. Comparison of the sample distribution with the country's actual population distribution according to sociodemographics, and development of weighting schemes. RESULTS: The dissemination of online surveys through national newspapers, paid social media adverts and dissemination with the support of national health ministries turned out to be the most effective strategies. Monitoring the responses and adapting dissemination strategies to reach under-represented groups, and the application of sample weights were helpful to achieve an analytic sample matching the respective general population profiles. CONCLUSION: Reaching a large pan-European convenience sample, including most European countries, in a short time was feasible, with the support of a broad scientific network.


Asunto(s)
Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas/epidemiología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , República Checa/epidemiología , Femenino , Alemania/epidemiología , Humanos , Lituania/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Noruega/epidemiología , España/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33921885

RESUMEN

Licit and illicit substance use is one of the major public health issues with severe negative health consequences for individuals and society. Health literacy is essential for improving one's health and navigation in the healthcare system. However, the evidence of health literacy in people with substance use disorders is limited. This study aims to examine health literacy and its socio-demographic, health-related, and substance use-related correlates in young people with alcohol (AUD) and substance use disorders (SUD). In this study, cross-sectional data of young people undergoing addiction treatment for AUD (N = 201, mean age 37.6) and SUD (N = 165, mean age 31.1) were used. Health literacy was assessed using the HLS-EU-Q47. Simple and multiple linear regression was performed to estimate the correlates of health literacy. In total, 37.8% of participants with AUD and 41.8% of SUD had limited health literacy. In participants with AUD, living condition factors, self-perceived health indicators, and frequency of alcohol use showed a significant effect on health literacy. In participants with SUD, financial factors, self-perceived health indicators, and injection sharing showed a significant effect. Increasing health literacy might contribute to improved health outcomes and decreased high-risk substance use-related behavior in people undergoing addiction treatment.


Asunto(s)
Alfabetización en Salud , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias , Adolescente , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas , Estudios Transversales , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/epidemiología
6.
Drug Alcohol Rev ; 40(7): 1207-1218, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33880791

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Drug-related mortality is a key epidemiological indicator that is collected nationally and internationally. Significant efforts were made in 2006-2007 to improve the quality of data concerning drug-related mortality in the Czech Republic. The aim of this article is to identify the effect of a quality improvement project on the drug-induced mortality data reported in the General Mortality Registry (GMR), and to demonstrate how to identify, quantify and interpret changes in drug-induced mortality based on the example of the Czech Republic. METHODS: We extracted data on illicit drug-induced deaths from the Czech Republic GMR and Special Mortality registry (SMR) for the years between 2004 and 2012, and aggregated monthly and quarterly time series. We applied a new procedure to identify structural breakpoints in time series based on dating structural changes in standard linear regression models. RESULTS: In the GMR, breakpoints were identified in three time series: (i) opioid-related deaths; (ii) other stimulant-related deaths; and (iii) total drug-induced deaths. In the SMR, the structural breaks were identified for opioids, volatile substances and selection D time series. In each of these time series, the analysis identified a decrease in the intercepts in the different segments. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: The structural breaks identified and quantified in the GMR time series were plausibly caused by the quality improvement efforts that started in 2006. These results demonstrate that it is critical for the analysis and use of drug mortality data collected in the registries to identify practice changes in the relevant registries, to quantify their influence and to adjust mortality estimates accordingly.

7.
Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy ; 16(1): 36, 2021 04 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902668

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: SARS-CoV-2 reached Europe in early 2020 and disrupted the private and public life of its citizens, with potential implications for substance use. The objective of this study was to describe possible changes in substance use in the first months of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Europe. METHODS: Data were obtained from a cross-sectional online survey of 36,538 adult substance users from 21 European countries conducted between April 24 and July 22 of 2020. Self-perceived changes in substance use were measured by asking respondents whether their use had decreased (slightly or substantially), increased (slightly or substantially), or not changed during the past month. The survey covered alcohol (frequency, quantity, and heavy episodic drinking occasions), tobacco, cannabis, and other illicit drug use. Sample weighted data were descriptively analysed and compared across substances. RESULTS: Across all countries, use of all substances remained unchanged for around half of the respondents, while the remainder reported either a decrease or increase in their substance use. For alcohol use, overall, a larger proportion of respondents indicated a decrease than those reporting an increase. In contrast, more respondents reported increases in their tobacco and cannabis use during the previous month compared to those reporting decreased use. No distinct direction of change was reported for other substance use. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest changes in use of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis during the initial months of the pandemic in several European countries. This study offers initial insights into changes in substance use. Other data sources, such as sales statistics, should be used to corroborate these preliminary findings.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/epidemiología , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Alcoholismo/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Europa (Continente)/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Abuso de Marihuana/epidemiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Factores Socioeconómicos , Adulto Joven
8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33114689

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study provides insight into the impact of methamphetamine precursor regulation, which is considered to be one of the most important tools of supply reduction and a tool with potential public health impact. METHODS: It is based on a longitudinal and quasi-experimental design and it investigates the changes of methamphetamine precursor regulation in Czech Republic, which is treated as a natural experiment. The statistical analysis uses features from the generalized fluctuation test framework as well as from the F test framework to estimate structural changes in the methamphetamine-related arrests and nonfatal intoxications time series. RESULTS: The analysis identified structural breaks in the majority of the methamphetamine drug market-related time series in the period related to the tightening of regulation. The results of this study show that methamphetamine precursor regulation was associated with the proliferation of international and organized crime groups and with no change in the overall number of arrests and nonfatal intoxications. CONCLUSIONS: The precursor regulation ceteris paribus plausibly leads to the change in drug supply towards more organized groups and to an increasing involvement of foreign nationals at the drug market and is not effective in suppressing the methamphetamine market and in reducing the public health indicator of nonfatal methamphetamine intoxications.


Asunto(s)
Control de Medicamentos y Narcóticos/legislación & jurisprudencia , Metanfetamina , Salud Pública , República Checa/epidemiología , Humanos , Proyectos de Investigación
9.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942763

RESUMEN

This mixed methods research paper explores health literacy (HL) in individuals with alcohol addiction by using the 47-item version of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47) and semi-structured interviews concerning health-related competencies (access, understand, appraise, and apply health information), and determines the limitations of the HLS-EU-Q47 when used under specific conditions of clinical practice. The questionnaire survey and the interviews were conducted with individuals of different health literacy levels who were undergoing inpatient alcohol addiction treatment. The findings indicate that individuals with alcohol addiction might require different types of health information according to their health literacy level in terms of quantity and quality of information to recover from alcohol addiction and improve their overall health. The implications for the clinical practice of addiction treatment as well as recommendations for national and regional policy are also discussed.


Asunto(s)
Alcoholismo , Alfabetización en Salud , Adulto , Femenino , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
J Ethn Subst Abuse ; : 1-26, 2020 Jul 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701039

RESUMEN

This study examines the lifetime prevalence of illicit drug use and illicit drug exposure in disadvantaged ("Roma") and more affluent neighborhoods in Czechia. The results of a survey among populations of both types of neighborhoods suggest no statistically significant difference between the two in terms of the overall lifetime prevalence of illicit drug use; however, lifetime prevalence of methamphetamine use proved higher in disadvantaged neighborhoods. Further differences were identified in drug exposure, with the population of more affluent neighborhoods being more frequently exposed to illicit drugs than the population of disadvantaged neighborhoods. The predictors of drug use and drug exposure were partially different for both populations. In the disadvantaged population, drug use was revealed, among other predictors, to be associated with housing conditions.

11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32635320

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The current level of knowledge concerning the effect of socioeconomic status (SES) on internet use, gambling, and substance use in structurally disadvantaged regions is scarce. The objective of this study was an investigation of the relationship between SES and risky internet use, gambling and substance use in a structurally disadvantaged region in Central Europe. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among high school students (n = 1063) in a Czech structurally disadvantaged region in autumn 2017. Binary Logistic Regression models were applied to data from the modified Excessive Internet Use scale (mEIUS), a standard tool for measuring the risk of addictive behavior on the internet and the risk of excessive gaming. Other data were collected using the Lie/Bet (problematic gambling), CAGE (acronym of the key words: cut, angry, guilty and eye-opener), and the Cannabis Abuse Screening Test (CAST) (problematic alcohol/cannabis use) tools. RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences between at-risk and not-at-risk groups in addictive behavior on the internet and gaming, while none were found in problematic gambling. Individual dimensions of SES showed significant effects on substance use. Regarding parenting styles, significant differences were found only in the risk of addictive behavior on the internet or gaming between the authoritarian and authoritative styles. Being engaged in behavioral addictions with one´s parents increased the odds of the behavioral addiction risk and decreased the odds of the substance addiction risk. Engagement with one´s parents in substance addictions decreased the odds of the behavioral addiction risk and increased the odds of the substance addiction risk. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: The results point at specific relations between SES and the risk of addictive behaviors on the internet and gaming within structurally disadvantaged regions. The results of SES and/or structurally disadvantaged region measures obtained in research, policy-making, and care-provision may improve the focus of actions taken.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Adictiva/epidemiología , Juego de Azar/epidemiología , Internet , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/epidemiología , Juegos de Video , Adolescente , Estudios Transversales , Europa (Continente) , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Clase Social , Poblaciones Vulnerables
12.
Harm Reduct J ; 17(1): 8, 2020 01 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931819

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) are the second most commonly used illicit drugs in Europe and globally. However, there is limited understanding of what shapes patterns of ATS use over the life course. The ATTUNE project "Understanding Pathways to Stimulant Use: a mixed methods examination of the individual, social and cultural factors shaping illicit stimulant use across Europe" aims to fill this gap. Here we report initial findings from the life course chart exercise conducted as part of qualitative interviews with ATS users and nonusers. METHODS: Two hundred seventy-nine in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with five ATS user groups (current and former dependent users;current and former frequent users;non-frequent users) and one group of exposed non-ATS users in five European countries (Germany, UK, Poland, Netherlands and Czech Republic). As part of the interviews, we used life course charts to capture key life events and substance use histories. Life events were categorised as either positive, neutral or negative, and associated data were analysed systematically to identify differences between user groups. We applied statistical analysis of variance (ANOVA) and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) to test for group differences. RESULTS: Out of 3547 life events documented, 1523 life events were categorised as neutral, 1005 life events as positive and 1019 life events as negative. Current and formerly dependent ATS users showed more negative life events for the entire life course after age adjustment. Although some group differences could be attributed to the individuals' life course prior to first ATS use, most negative life events were associated with periods of ATS usage. A detailed analysis of the specific life domains reveals that dominantly, the social environment was affected by negative life events. CONCLUSIONS: For non-dependent, frequent and non-frequent ATS users, negative life events from the period of ATS use do not become obvious in our analysed data. Besides preventing a pathway into ATS dependency, the aim of an intervention should be to reduce the harm by for example drug testing which offers also the opportunity for interventions to prevent developing a substance use dependency. For the group of dependent ATS users, our study suggests holistic, tailored interventions and specialist treatment services are needed, as a single, simple intervention is unlikely to cover all the life domains affected.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Relacionados con Anfetaminas/epidemiología , Trastornos Relacionados con Anfetaminas/psicología , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Anfetamina/administración & dosificación , Estimulantes del Sistema Nervioso Central/administración & dosificación , Estudios Transversales , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Europa (Continente)/epidemiología , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven
13.
BMJ Open ; 9(8): e029476, 2019 08 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401601

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) including amphetamine, methylenedioxymethamphetamine/'ecstasy', methamphetamine, synthetic cathinones and 'Ritalin' are the second most commonly used illicit drugs globally. Yet, there is little evidence on which factors are associated with the development of different patterns of ATS use over the life course. This study aims to examine which individual, social and environmental factors shape different pathways and trajectories of ATS consumption. The study will be conducted in five European countries: Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Czech Republic and the UK. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will use a sequential mixed-methods study design to investigate the multiple factors (familial, social and occupational situation, critical life events, general risk behaviour, mental and physical health, satisfaction with life) that shape individual ATS use pathways. A systematic literature review will be performed to provide an overview of the current academic literature on the topic. In module 1, qualitative semistructured interviews (n=ATS users and non-users) will be conducted to explore individual experiences of, and perspectives on, dynamics of change in stimulant consumption patterns. In module 2, structured questionnaires (n=2000 ATS users and non-users) will be administered via tablet computers to validate and enhance the generalisability of the interview findings. Data integration will take place at two key points. First, during the study, where the findings from the first qualitative interviews will inform the design of the structured questionnaire. Second, at the end of the study, where mixed methods data will be brought together to generate an in-depth, contextualised understanding of the research topic. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study has been approved by the respective responsible ethics committee in each participating country. Data will be treated confidentially to ensure participants' anonymity. Findings will be disseminated in peer-reviewed scientific journals, national and international conferences, and in briefings for policy and practice.


Asunto(s)
Estimulantes del Sistema Nervioso Central/administración & dosificación , Proyectos de Investigación , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/epidemiología , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/psicología , Europa (Continente)/epidemiología , Humanos , Estudios Multicéntricos como Asunto , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto
14.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 27 Suppl: S29-S39, 2019 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901190

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The study focuses on the 2012 methanol outbreak in the Czech Republic. The main goal of the present study was to apply analytical and descriptive tools to selected qualitative and quantitative processes related to the 2012 methanol outbreak in the Czech Republic. The secondary goal was to study and evaluate in detail their potential for creating integrated conceptual national policies aimed at eliminating the risk of methanol poisoning in the future. METHODS: The presented qualitative analysis focused on the content of documents published by Czech public authorities - the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of the Interior, the Czech Agriculture and Food Inspection Authority, and the Regional Public Health Authorities - as well as the content of the relevant legal regulations. Moreover, statistical data concerning the number of hospitalisations and deaths due to the methanol intoxication were used to provide a background to a detailed description of the relevant facts. RESULTS: In procedural terms, most of the analysed measures focused on a strongly restrictive regulation of sales, regular information channels designed to protect consumers on the national as well as international level, and elimination of further health and economic risks stemming from the dangerous alcoholic products that had already entered distribution networks. The health, social and economic consequences of such activities are quantified at a highly aggregated level. The analysed institutional ties are evaluated also in the context of international documents: the European Action Plan to Reduce Harmful Use of Alcohol 2012-2020 and the Global Strategy to Reduce Harmful Use of Alcohol, and their current potential for steering public policies is assessed. CONCLUSION: The analysis and evaluation of procedural activities carried out after the methanol outbreak have laid the foundations for a multidimensional study that can contribute to integrated national policy concepts aimed at preventing these and similar negative health, societal and economic consequences. Six years after the methanol outbreak, national and regional health policies have reflected no findings concerning the experience of patients whose health was impaired due to methanol, and the economic cost of the event has not been calculated. The quality of life of these patients has greatly decreased due to permanent or partial incapacity and serious upheavals of their and their families' economic and social conditions. This opens the question of researching and evaluating multiple aspects of health, social and economic impacts of harmful use of alcohol and setting up processes to mitigate these impacts.


Asunto(s)
Brotes de Enfermedades , Metanol/envenenamiento , Envenenamiento/epidemiología , Política Pública , República Checa/epidemiología , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa
15.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 27 Suppl: S66-S73, 2019 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901194

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The Czech Republic ranks among countries with the highest alcohol consumption per capita. Several older studies discuss Czech media portrayal of health effects of alcohol, but we found no recent analysis of media portrayal of harms caused by alcohol consumption. Our analysis aims to fill this gap in. METHODS: The dataset of texts (n = 903) consisting of articles from press, radio, television and the internet published within a 30-day interval in 2017 (Newton Media computerized database) was coded and analyzed using mixed quantitative and qualitative approach to content analysis. The frequency of references to acute and long-term alcohol harms of various types were counted, and the results were compared to the classification of (alcohol) harms by the Independent Scientific Committee of Drugs (ISCD). RESULTS: The short-term intoxication effects in the areas of crime and road safety, in particular reports on traffic accidents, are over-represented, while topics describing the impact of alcohol use on health, family and society, as well as economic costs or environmental issues seem to be marginal. That corresponds to the fact that police and courts were the information source in more than half of the articles, while information sourced from physicians, sociologists and drug field professionals was rather scarce. CONCLUSIONS: Media portrayal of the harms caused by alcohol use does not match up to real harm effects on the society. In terms of public health, it is imperative to strengthen media presentation of the impact of alcohol use on health and social issues.


Asunto(s)
Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas/efectos adversos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Accidentes de Tránsito , Crimen , República Checa , Humanos
16.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 26(4): 289-297, 2018 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30660140

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to determine the prevalence of problematic and risky sexual behaviour after alcohol consumption and the correlation between this prevalence and sex, behavioural factors, problematic drinking, and alcohol consumption characteristics. METHODS: A survey of students was carried out at four faculties. Data were gathered via internet and self-administered paper-pencil questionnaires. The analysis employed Pearson's chi-squared test, gross odds ratios and logistic regression to calculate the adjusted odds ratios (OR) and their confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: Problematic drinking was detected by the CAGE test. Sixteen percent of students reached the CAGE score of 2, which indicates a potential threat of addiction, while 6% of students reached even higher problematic scores (3 or 4). Among those respondents who did drink alcohol, 23% had unprotected sex and 21% had sex which they later regretted. There were some differences between male and female respondents with men reporting more instances of risky behaviour. Among university students, problematic and risky sexual behaviour after alcohol use is associated with sex, the intensity of problematic drinking, first drunkenness, the place of alcohol use, and attitude to alcohol use. CONCLUSIONS: Problematic drinking and risky sexual behaviour after alcohol consumption exist among students and deserve special attention and response in the form of suitable measures. Problematic and risky sexual behaviour after alcohol consumption among university students is associated with behavioural factors and characteristics of alcohol use that allow a targeted approach to preventive efforts.


Asunto(s)
Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas/psicología , Asunción de Riesgos , Conducta Sexual/psicología , Estudiantes/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades , Sexo Inseguro/estadística & datos numéricos
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...