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1.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1136756

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: Social isolation is currently identified as the best way to prevent the infection by the new coronavirus. However, for some social groups, such as children and adolescents, this measure carries a contradiction: the home, which should be the safest place for them, is also a frequent environment of a sad aggravation: domestic violence. This study aims to evaluate the notifications of interpersonal/self-inflicted violence available in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases in the State of Santa Catarina (southern Brazil), for the juvenile age group, before and during the new coronavirus pandemics. Methods: Cross-sectional, descriptive study of violence against children and adolescents (from 0 to 19 years) notified by health professionals by completing and entering the occurrence in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases of the State of Santa Catarina in 11 weeks in which the social isolation measure was instituted as mandatory, comparing with the same period before this measure. Results: During the study period, 136 municipalities in Santa Catarina made 1,851 notifications. There was a decrease of 55.3% of them in the isolation period, and the difficulties encountered in seeking protection and assistance institutions were listed. Conclusions: The society needs to be aware of possible cases of violence in the children and adolescent population. It is important to provide accessible, effective, and safe ways for complaints and notifications, as well as a quick response to the cases, aiming at protecting victims and minimizing damages to prevent the perpetuation of the violence.


RESUMO Objetivo: O isolamento social é identificado, no momento, como a melhor forma para evitar o contágio pelo novo coronavírus. Porém, para alguns grupos sociais, como crianças e adolescentes, essa medida carrega uma contradição: o lar, que deveria ser o local mais seguro para eles, é também um ambiente frequente de um triste agravo, a violência doméstica. Este estudo visou avaliar e comparar as notificações compulsórias de violências interpessoais/autoprovocadas disponíveis no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação do Estado de Santa Catarina, pré e pós-pandemia do novo coronavírus. Métodos: Estudo transversal, descritivo e analítico das violências contra crianças e adolescentes (de 0 a 19 anos de idade completos) notificadas pelos profissionais de saúde mediante o preenchimento e a inserção das ocorrências no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação do Estado de Santa Catarina, no período de 11 semanas em que foi instituída como obrigatória a medida de isolamento social, comparando tais eventos com os de igual período anterior a essa medida. Resultados: No período estudado, 136 municípios catarinenses realizaram 1.851 notificações. Houve diminuição de 55,3% destas no período de isolamento, listando-se possíveis dificuldades encontradas para a procura de instituições de proteção e assistência. Conclusões: Alerta-se para a necessidade de a sociedade estar atenta para a suspeita e evidência dos casos de violência na população infantojuvenil, e ressalta-se a importância de que sejam propiciadas formas acessíveis, eficazes e seguras, como incentivo para as denúncias, a notificação e o rápido atendimento dos casos, visando à proteção das vítimas, à minimização dos danos e, assim, ao impedimento da perpetuação da violência.

2.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 39: e2020267, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146295

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Social isolation is currently identified as the best way to prevent the infection by the new coronavirus. However, for some social groups, such as children and adolescents, this measure carries a contradiction: the home, which should be the safest place for them, is also a frequent environment of a sad aggravation: domestic violence. This study aims to evaluate the notifications of interpersonal/self-inflicted violence available in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases in the State of Santa Catarina (southern Brazil), for the juvenile age group, before and during the new coronavirus pandemics. METHODS: Cross-sectional, descriptive study of violence against children and adolescents (from 0 to 19 years) notified by health professionals by completing and entering the occurrence in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases of the State of Santa Catarina in 11 weeks in which the social isolation measure was instituted as mandatory, comparing with the same period before this measure. RESULTS: During the study period, 136 municipalities in Santa Catarina made 1,851 notifications. There was a decrease of 55.3% of them in the isolation period, and the difficulties encountered in seeking protection and assistance institutions were listed. CONCLUSIONS: The society needs to be aware of possible cases of violence in the children and adolescent population. It is important to provide accessible, effective, and safe ways for complaints and notifications, as well as a quick response to the cases, aiming at protecting victims and minimizing damages to prevent the perpetuation of the violence.


Asunto(s)
Maltrato a los Niños , Bienestar del Niño , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Violencia Doméstica , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Adolescente , Salud del Adolescente/tendencias , Betacoronavirus , Brasil/epidemiología , Niño , Maltrato a los Niños/prevención & control , Maltrato a los Niños/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud del Niño/tendencias , Estudios Transversales , Recolección de Datos/métodos , Recolección de Datos/estadística & datos numéricos , Violencia Doméstica/prevención & control , Violencia Doméstica/tendencias , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Evaluación de Necesidades , Pandemias
3.
Cien Saude Colet ; 23(4): 1019-1031, 2018 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29694574

RESUMEN

The scope of this study was to identify the characteristics of sexual abuse against children including the profiles of the victims and the perpetrators, and associated factors notified in a health service of reference with the database of the Brazilian Case Registry Database, in a city in the south of Brazil. Categorical variables are presented in prevalence with 95% confidence intervals. There were 489 notifications from 2008 to 2014 of confirmed or suspected child sexual abuse. The majority was related to female victims, but the repeated abuse was reported mainly with male victims. In most cases, the abuse took place at the victims' or perpetrators' homes and the main perpetrators of abuse were male and acquainted with the victims. Twelve victims have contracted sexually transmitted infections; pregnancies were six, five of them legally terminated. This study highlights that the child sexual abuse profiles were similar in almost all of Brazilian regions, showing that it is possible to have a coordinated national action to prevent this offence.


Asunto(s)
Abuso Sexual Infantil/estadística & datos numéricos , Víctimas de Crimen/estadística & datos numéricos , Criminales/estadística & datos numéricos , Aborto Inducido/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Distribución por Edad , Brasil , Niño , Preescolar , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Embarazo , Prevalencia , Distribución por Sexo , Enfermedades de Transmisión Sexual/epidemiología
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(4): 1019-1031, abr. 2018. tab, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-952624

RESUMEN

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar características do abuso sexual contra crianças, como perfil da vítima, do autor da agressão e fatores associados, notificadas em um serviço de referência, utilizando o Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação, em todos os casos suspeitos ou confirmados de abuso sexual infantil, de 2008 a 2014, em Florianópolis/SC. As variáveis foram: características da vítima, do agressor, da ocorrência, tipologia da violência, consequências, encaminhamentos e procedimentos realizados. Variáveis categóricas são apresentadas em prevalências e intervalos de confiança de 95%. Houve 489 notificações, predominando vítimas do sexo feminino, maior recorrência no masculino e ocorrendo em residências. Estupro foi duas vezes mais frequente no sexo feminino e em mais da metade dos casos o autor era homem conhecido da vítima. Doze vítimas contraíram infecções sexualmente transmissíveis, houve seis gestações, cinco delas interrompidas legalmente. Mesmo sendo inédito para a região estudada, se observou características semelhantes às encontradas em outros estudos brasileiros, mostrando ser possível ações coordenadas nacionalmente para prevenir esse agravo.


Abstract The scope of this study was to identify the characteristics of sexual abuse against children including the profiles of the victims and the perpetrators, and associated factors notified in a health service of reference with the database of the Brazilian Case Registry Database, in a city in the south of Brazil. Categorical variables are presented in prevalence with 95% confidence intervals. There were 489 notifications from 2008 to 2014 of confirmed or suspected child sexual abuse. The majority was related to female victims, but the repeated abuse was reported mainly with male victims. In most cases, the abuse took place at the victims' or perpetrators' homes and the main perpetrators of abuse were male and acquainted with the victims. Twelve victims have contracted sexually transmitted infections; pregnancies were six, five of them legally terminated. This study highlights that the child sexual abuse profiles were similar in almost all of Brazilian regions, showing that it is possible to have a coordinated national action to prevent this offence.

5.
Nutr Clin Pract ; 31(3): 378-86, 2016 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26920645

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: (1) To compare nutrition and hydration status between a group of children/adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CFG; n = 46; median age, 8.5 years) and a control group without cystic fibrosis (CG). (2) To examine the association of nutrition and hydration status with lung function in the CFG. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study. Nutrition screening, anthropometric parameters, and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) were assessed. The z scores for body mass index for age, height for age, mid upper arm circumference, triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness, mid upper arm muscle area, resistance/height, and reactance/height were calculated. Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis was conducted. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second <80% was considered lung function impairment. An adjusted logistic regression was applied (P < .05). RESULTS: In the CFG, lung function impairment was observed in 51.1%. All anthropometric parameters were lower, and the mean z-resistance/height and z-reactance/height were higher in the CFG (P < .05) compared with the CG. In the CFG, 43% were severely/mildly dehydrated, while none were in the CG (P = .007). In the CFG, there was an association between high nutrition risk-via nutrition screening (odds ratio [OR], 22.28; P < .05), lower values of anthropometric parameters, higher z-resistance/height (OR, 2.23; P < .05) and z-reactance/height (OR, 1.81; P < .05), and dehydration (OR, 4.94; P < .05)-and lung function impairment. CONCLUSIONS: The CFG exhibited a compromised nutrition status assessed by anthropometric and BIA parameters. Nutrition screening, anthropometric and BIA parameters, and hydration status were associated with lung function.


Asunto(s)
Composición Corporal/fisiología , Agua Corporal/fisiología , Fibrosis Quística/fisiopatología , Impedancia Eléctrica , Pulmón/fisiopatología , Estado Nutricional/fisiología , Adolescente , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
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