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1.
Case Rep Vasc Med ; 2021: 8812870, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33854805

RESUMEN

Carotid arterial injuries occur in 5-6% of persons with penetrating trauma. Complete transection is rare in civilian practice and is most often due to penetrating injuries. Complete transection as an iatrogenic complication is rare. We present a case where we were required to repair a complete transection of the carotid artery with segmental loss which occurred as an iatrogenic complication during thyroidectomy. We could find no previous reports of this type of iatrogenic complication. The lessons learned during the management of this case were the following: (1) surgeons should call for help early, (2) a multidisciplinary approach ensures that all options are considered, (3) adhere to surgical principles of proximal and distal control, (4) always use atraumatic clamps to control vessels, and (5) flow restoration should be attempted, leaving carotid ligation as the last resort.

2.
Cureus ; 12(5): e8369, 2020 May 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32617240

RESUMEN

Classic descriptions of the visceral surface of the human liver only define three fissures: transverse, sagittal and umbilical fissures. Any additional fissures that are present on the visceral surface of the liver are considered variant inferior hepatic fissures (IHFs). This study was carried out to document the prevalence of IHFs in the Eastern Caribbean. Knowledge of these variants is important to clinicians who treat liver disorders in persons of the Caribbean diaspora. In this study, two independent researchers observed all consecutive autopsies performed at the facility over a period of 10 weeks. They examined the visceral surface of the unfixed liver in situ. Any specimen with variant IHFs was selected for detailed study. We documented the relation of the variant IHFs to nearby viscera and then explanted the livers using a standardized technique. The following details were recorded for each liver: number, location, depth, length, and width of IHFs. All measurements were checked independently by two researchers and the average measurement was used as the final dimension. Each liver was then sectioned in 1 cm sagittal slices to document the relationship of intraparenchymal structures. We observed 60 consecutive autopsies in unselected cadavers. Variant IHFs were present in 21 (35%) cadavers at a mean age of 68.25 years (range: 61 - 83; median 64.5; standard deviation (SD) ± 8.45). The variants included a deep fissure in the coronal plane between segments V and VI in 19 (31.7%) cadavers (related to the right branch of the portal vein in 63.2% of cases), a well-defined segment VI fissure running in a sagittal plane in four (6.7%) cadavers, a well-defined fissure incompletely separating the caudate process from the caudate lobe proper in five (8.3%) cadavers, a consistent fissure that arose from the left side of the transverse fissure and coursed between segments II and III in three (5%) cadavers, and a deep coronal fissure dividing the quadrate to form an accessory quadrate lobe in one (1.7%) cadaver. Almost one in three unselected persons in this population have anatomically variant fissures on the visceral surface of the liver. The variants include Rouvière's sulci (31.7%), caudate notches (8.3%), segment VI fissures (6.7%), left medial segment fissures (5%), and quadrate fissures (1.7%). The clinical relevance of these variants is discussed. Any clinician treating liver diseases in persons of Caribbean extract should be aware of their presence.

3.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 7(4): 687-692, 2017 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28856002

RESUMEN

Liver resections are safe when performed by specialized hepatobiliary teams. However, complex liver resections are accompanied by significant perioperative risk and they may require modifications of the conventional surgical techniques. We herein report the case of a 54-year-old male patient who underwent an extended right liver resection with en bloc resection and reconstruction of the inferior vena cava. For this complex resection, a modification of the standard operative technique was required. A modified hanging manoeuvre was performed using two 19Fr nasogastric tubes outside the traditional avascular plane to facilitate resection. This modification of the hanging manoeuvre was proven to be feasible and safe, and it is recommended for inclusion in the armamentarium of hepatobiliary surgeons when complex resections are required.

4.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 16: 52-5, 2015.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26413923

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Angiosarcomas arising in the liver are rare tumours in the Western world. We report a case of a locally advanced primary hepatic angiosarcoma and also describe the manoeuvres used to achieve operative resection. PRESENTATION OF A CASE: A 52-year old woman presented with vague right upper quadrant pain. Abdominal imaging revealed a heterogenous tumour in the right liver measuring 15centimetres in maximal diameter. Although the tumour was deemed to be resectable, there was free fluid in the right paracolic gutter suggestive of rupture. Intra-operatively, the peritoneal cavity was noted to be free of metastatic disease. However, tumour was adherent to the diaphragm precluding traditional mobilization of the liver. Therefore, a modified hanging manoeuvre was performed using a nasogastric tube. This allowed controlled mobilization of the right liver, parenchymal transection and en-bloc resection of the diaphragm with good hemostasis. Histologic examination revealed a primary angiosarcoma with uninvolved margins. DISCUSSION: When they occur, primary hepatic angiosarcomas are most often locally advanced. Nevertheless, surgeons should be aggressive in the pursuit of complete resections because this is the only therapeutic modality that has been shown to have a survival advantage. CONCLUSION: Hepatobiliary surgeons should keep the hanging manoeuver in their armamentarium when performing complex liver resections for locally advanced angiosarcomas.

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