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BMJ Open ; 11(4): e044397, 2021 04 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849850


OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with depression, anxiety and stress among healthcare workers (HCWs) during COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. SETTING: HCWs from four major hospitals within the Regional Health Authorities of Trinidad and Tobago. PARTICIPANTS: 395 HCWs aged ≥18 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Depression, anxiety and stress scores. RESULTS: Among the 395 HCWs, 42.28%, 56.2% and 17.97% were found to have depression, anxiety and stress, respectively. In the final stepwise regression model, contact with patients with confirmed COVID-19, p<0.001 (95% CI 3.072 to 6.781) was reported as significant predictors of depression. Further, gender, p<0.001 (95% CI 2.152 to 5.427) and marital status, p<0.001 (95% CI 1.322 to 4.270) of the HCWs were considered to be correlated with anxiety. HCWs who had contact with patients with suspected COVID-19 had lower depression, p<0.001 (95% CI -5.233 to -1.692) and stress, p<0.001 (95% CI -5.364 to -1.591). CONCLUSIONS: This study has depicted the prevalence and evidence of depression, anxiety and stress among HCWs during the COVID-19 pandemic. The findings of the study will serve as supportive evidence for the timely implementation of further planning of preventative mental health services by the Ministry of Health, for frontline workers within the public and private health sectors.

Ansiedad/epidemiología , COVID-19/psicología , Depresión/epidemiología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Prevalencia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Trinidad y Tobago/epidemiología
SAGE Open Med Case Rep ; 8: 2050313X20927596, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32551115


Thymic carcinoma typically exhibits more clinically aggressive behavior and portends a worse prognosis as compared to thymoma. Venous thromboembolism is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in oncologic patients. Traditionally, the standard-of-care management of cancer-associated venous thromboembolism has been therapeutic anticoagulation with low molecular weight heparins; however, with the advent of direct oral anticoagulants, there is an ongoing paradigm shift to transition to these novel agents in an attempt to attenuate cancer-associated venous thromboembolism events. We describe an exceedingly rare case of metastatic thymic carcinoma-associated right atrial thrombus with high-risk embolic features, which subsequently underwent near-complete dissolution with rivaroxaban after 3 months.

Open Heart ; 6(1): e000841, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30997117


Objectives: This novel, pilot study aimed to assess the estimated prevalence of high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) in Trinidad and Tobago. Methods: Patients (n=40) who were awaiting elective percutaneous coronary intervention on maintenance dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin 81 mg daily and clopidogrel 75 mg or loaded at least 48 hours prior were recruited. Platelet reactivity with the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay (Accriva Diagnostics, San Diego, California, USA) was assessed prior to cardiac catheterisation. Results: 60.7% (17/28) of the South Asian (Indo-Trinidadians) patients had HPR, whereas 14.3% (1/7) of Africans and 40% (2/5) of mixed ethnicity had HPR. There was a significant association between HPR (P2Y12 reaction units >208) and ethnicity with South Asians (Indo-Trinidadians) (OR 5.4; 95% CI 1.18 to 24.66, p=0.029). Conclusions: This pilot study serves to introduce the preliminary observation that the estimated prevalence of HPR is considerably higher within the heterogeneous population in Trinidad at 50% as compared with predominantly Caucasian studies. Furthermore, the HPR is significantly higher in South Asians (Indo-Trinidadians) (>60% of patients) which has severe clinical repercussions considering the cardiovascular disease pandemic. Clopidogrel may not be a satisfactory or optimal antiplatelet agent in this subgroup, and therefore, another more potent antiplatelet such as ticagrelor should be used instead. Further large-scale studies are imperative to confirm these findings. (Funded by the University of the West Indies, St. Augustine; POINT number, NCT03667066.).

Int Med Case Rep J ; 12: 61-65, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30881148


Brugada syndrome is a genetic condition that predisposes to an increased risk of ventricular fibrillation and sudden cardiac death in a structurally normal heart. The Brugada type 1 electrocardiogram (ECG) pattern may occur independently of the actual syndrome, and this clinical phenomenon is often referred to as Brugada phenocopy. There are several other factors which have been known to induce this electrocardiographic pattern, and currently, there is a paucity of literature with respect to the pattern that is observed in patients with electrolyte disturbances, specifically hyponatremia. This case report highlights a suspected hyponatremia-induced Brugada type 1 ECG pattern, which subsequently normalized following resolution of the electrolyte derangement.