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1.
Cureus ; 13(7): e16681, 2021 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34466318

RESUMEN

The Africanized honey bee commonly referred to as the "killer bee," is a hybrid of the East African lowland honey bee with various European honey bees. These bees tend to be more hostile as compared to other bee species. Their stings may have devastating clinical sequelae, including cardiovascular, cerebrovascular events, and fatalities. We report the first-in-Caribbean case of a middle-aged woman who experienced stress-related, Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (also known as stress-related cardiomyopathy [SRC]) after being afflicted with innumerable Africanized honey bee stings. Key clinical message: The clinician should be cognizant of Takotsubo's cardiomyopathy as a potential sequela of Hymenoptera envenomation and anaphylaxis.

2.
J Card Fail ; 22(11): 853-858, 2016 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26718344

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To characterize a novel "worst"-symptom visual analogue scale (WS-VAS) versus the traditional dyspnea visual analogue scale (DVAS) in an acute heart failure (AHF) trial. BACKGROUND: AHF trials assess symptom relief as a pivotal endpoint with the use of dyspnea scores. However, many AHF patients' worst presenting symptom (WS) may not be dyspnea. We hypothesized that a WS-VAS may reflect clinical improvement better than DVAS in AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: AHF patients (n = 232) enrolled in the Renal Optimization Strategies Evaluation in Acute Heart Failure (ROSE-AHF) Trial indicated their WS at enrollment and completed DVAS and WS-VAS at enrollment and 24, 48, and 72 hours. Dyspnea was the WS in 61%, body swelling in 29%, and fatigue in 10% of patients. Clinical characteristics differed by WS. In all patients, DVAS scores were higher (less severe symptoms) than WS-VAS and the change in WS-VAS over 72 hours was greater than the change in DVAS (P < .001). Changes in DVAS were smaller in patients with body swelling and fatigue than in patients with dyspnea as their WS (P = .002), whereas changes in the WS-VAS were similar regardless of patients' WS. Neither score, nor its change, was associated with available decongestion markers (change in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, weight or cumulative 72-hour urine volume). CONCLUSIONS: Many AHF patients have symptoms other than dyspnea as their most bothersome symptom. The WS-VAS better reflects symptom improvement across the spectrum of AHF phenotypes. Symptom relief and decongestion were not correlated in this AHF study.


Asunto(s)
Diuréticos/uso terapéutico , Disnea/fisiopatología , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/tratamiento farmacológico , Insuficiencia Renal/fisiopatología , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Enfermedad Aguda , Anciano , Biomarcadores/sangre , Disnea/tratamiento farmacológico , Disnea/etiología , Edema/tratamiento farmacológico , Edema/etiología , Edema/fisiopatología , Fatiga/tratamiento farmacológico , Fatiga/etiología , Fatiga/fisiopatología , Femenino , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/complicaciones , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Péptido Natriurético Encefálico/sangre , Dimensión del Dolor , Pronóstico , Medición de Riesgo , Estadísticas no Paramétricas , Resultado del Tratamiento
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