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1.
Orv Hetil ; 161(3): 103-109, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928060

RESUMEN

Introduction: Autologous hemopoietic stem cell transplantation remains a promising therapy in certain malignant and non-malignant conditions. The procedure, however, will increase the risk of complications, most notably early and late infections. Aim: To analyze the frequency and spectrum of pathogens in early (<+100 days) post-transplant infections and to evaluate risk factors for mortality. Method: Prospectively collected data from 699 patients undergoing autologous hemopoietic stem cell transplantation between 2007 and 2014 at our center were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Results: The median age of 699 patients was 56 (interquartile range: 43-62) years, 54% (376) were male. 25 patients have been transferred to other centers and 19 patients were lost to follow up. Neutropenic fever occurred in 69.8% (488) of patients. In addition, 102 infectious episodes in 96 patients were identified. Most commonly bacteremia occurred (49 episodes) with a median onset of 7 (5-11) days. The majority (33/49) of bacteremias have been observed during the pre-engraftment period. Their incidence proved to be higher in patients with malignant lymphoma compared to individuals with plasma cell disorders (p = 0.0005, OR: 2.41, 95% CI: 1.49-3.99). 12 episodes of viral infections and 8 cases of proven or probable invasive mycoses have been identified. Among the 655 patients with complete follow up, 16 in-hospital deaths (2.4%) occurred, 8 of them were associated with infections. Survival was adversely affected by early infections (p = 0.0001). Conclusion: In autologous stem cell transplantation, microbiologically unconfirmed neutropenic fever is common. Documented early bacteremia, however, is infrequent. Lymphoma patients have a significantly higher chance to develop bloodstream infections compared to individuals with plasma cell disorders. Early infections decrease the chance of survival; thus, an effective prophylaxis and therapy remains of paramount importance. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(3): 103-109.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones Bacterianas/epidemiología , Infecciones Bacterianas/microbiología , Fiebre/etiología , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas/efectos adversos , Neutropenia/microbiología , Trasplante Autólogo/efectos adversos , Adulto , Infecciones Bacterianas/mortalidad , Fiebre/epidemiología , Humanos , Hungría/epidemiología , Linfoma , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neutropenia/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos
2.
Vox Sang ; 115(1): 18-26, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667887

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Administration of virus-specific T cells (VSTs) is a viable antiviral treatment strategy after allogeneic HSCT, even if conventional therapies fail. Third-party donors are often chosen for the generation of the VST product. The eligibility of the donor has to be tested in a rigorous donor screening procedure, since the isolation technology only targets pre-existing VSTs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a period of 3 years, we performed 32 VST treatments for 28 patients. Targeting four different viruses, 284 healthy individuals underwent 417 donor screening procedures. VSTs were counted by flow cytometry detecting interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) producing T cells. Generation of the VSTs was performed from leukapheresis products in a fully automated and closed system using magnetic cell separation. RESULTS: The mean circulating VST frequencies ranged from 0·006% to 0·328%. The average yield of viable VSTs in the product was 1·83·106 cells, while the average VST dose calculated for the patient's body weight was 4·63·104 /kg. The mean purity - percentage of VSTs within the T cells - of all T-cell products was 62·9%. Correlation was identified between the frequency of the VSTs in the peripheral blood of the donor and the VST numbers of the end product; the strongest correlation was seen for CMV. CONCLUSION: This paper focuses on the T-cell donors, highlighting some key points on the donor selection process. Based on the findings in connection with the CMV therapies, peripheral VST seems to be the best predictor of the VST content of the final product administered to the patient.

3.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(1): e28-e39, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606445

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Further improvement of preparative regimens before allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an unmet medical need for the growing number of older or comorbid patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndrome. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of conditioning with treosulfan plus fludarabine compared with reduced-intensity busulfan plus fludarabine in this population. METHODS: We did an open-label, randomised, non-inferiority, phase 3 trial in 31 transplantation centres in France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Poland. Eligible patients were 18-70 years, had acute myeloid leukaemia in first or consecutive complete haematological remission (blast counts <5% in bone marrow) or myelodysplastic syndrome (blast counts <20% in bone marrow), Karnofsky index of 60% or higher, and were indicated for allogeneic HSCT but considered at an increased risk for standard myeloablative preparative regimens based on age (≥50 years), an HSCT-specific comorbidity index of more than 2, or both. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either intravenous 10 g/m2 treosulfan daily applied as a 2-h infusion for 3 days (days -4 to -2) or 0·8 mg/kg busulfan applied as a 2-h infusion at 6-h intervals on days -4 and -3. Both groups received 30 mg/m2 intravenous fludarabine daily for 5 days (days -6 to -2). The primary outcome was event-free survival 2 years after HSCT. The non-inferiority margin was a hazard ratio (HR) of 1·3. Efficacy was assessed in all patients who received treatment and completed transplantation, and safety in all patients who received treatment. The study is registered with EudraCT (2008-002356-18) and ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT00822393). FINDINGS: Between June 13, 2013, and May 3, 2016, 476 patients were enrolled (240 in the busulfan group received treatment and transplantation, and in the treosulfan group 221 received treatment and 220 transplanation). At the second preplanned interim analysis (Nov 9, 2016), the primary endpoint was met and trial was stopped. Here we present the final confirmatory analysis (data cutoff May 31, 2017). Median follow-up was 15·4 months (IQR 8·8-23·6) for patients treated with treosulfan and 17·4 months (6·3-23·4) for those treated with busulfan. 2-year event-free survival was 64·0% (95% CI 56·0-70·9) in the treosulfan group and 50·4% (42·8-57·5) in the busulfan group (HR 0·65 [95% CI 0·47-0·90]; p<0·0001 for non-inferiority, p=0·0051 for superiority). The most frequently reported grade 3 or higher adverse events were abnormal blood chemistry results (33 [15%] of 221 patients in the treosulfan group vs 35 [15%] of 240 patients in the busulfan group) and gastrointestinal disorders (24 [11%] patients vs 39 [16%] patients). Serious adverse events were reported for 18 (8%) patients in the treosulfan group and 17 (7%) patients in the busulfan group. Causes of deaths were generally transplantation-related. INTERPRETATION: Treosulfan was non-inferior to busulfan when used in combination with fludarabine as a conditioning regimen for allogeneic HSCT for older or comorbid patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndrome. The improved outcomes in patients treated with the treosulfan-fludarabine regimen suggest its potential to become a standard preparative regimen in this population. FUNDING: medac GmbH.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Busulfano/análogos & derivados , Busulfano/uso terapéutico , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicos/terapia , Acondicionamiento Pretrasplante/métodos , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Anciano , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Vidarabina/uso terapéutico
4.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 55(1): 215-223, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527815

RESUMEN

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is a potentially curative therapeutic option for malignant hematopoietic diseases. Cytokines including transforming growth factor ß1 (TGFß1) play a pivotal role in immune reconstruction, and the development of graft versus host disease (GvHD) or infections. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of TGFB1 gene -1347C>T variant in the outcome of HSCT in a cohort of 409 adult recipient-donor pairs. TGFB1 variant was analysed from genomic DNA with LightCycler hybridisation probe method. In case of myeloablative conditioning, donor TGFB1 genotype correlated with overall survival (60-month OS for CC: 62.1 ± 4.8%; CT: 46.8 ± 4.8%; TT: 35.6 ± 9.3%; p = 0.032), which was independent of age, donor type and GvHD prophylaxis in multivariate analysis (HR:2.35, 95%CI:1.35-4.10, p = 0.003). The cumulative incidence of acute GvHD grade III-IV [CC:10%; CT:17%; TT:24%], and non-relapse mortality was higher in TT-carriers (24-month NRM: CC:24%; CT:26%; TT:46%, p = 0.035). We did not find any association between recipient TGFB1 -1347C>T polymorphism and HSCT outcome. Our results suggest that donor TGFB1 -1347C>T may exert an adverse influence on the outcome of myeloablative conditioning transplantation.

5.
Magy Onkol ; 63(4): 282-287, 2019 Dec 09.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821383

RESUMEN

In contrast to solid tumours, the genetic background of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is characterized by a relatively low number of alterations per sample (average 3-5 mutations similarly to paediatric malignancies). Although the mutational background is rather heterogeneous, the detection of genetic alterations has diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic relevance. We investigated cytogenetic and most commonly occurring molecular genetic alterations, and their co-occurrence in 830 AML patients diagnosed and treated in our institute between 2001 and 2019. Results from the recently introduced next generation sequencing for seven AML patients are also presented. Both methods (previously performed standard PCR-based tests and NGS) achieved the same results for commonly occurring mutations, but NGS technique was capable to identify further, rarely occurring mutations which bear diagnostic and prognostic importance according to the recent European LeukemiaNet recommendations. The introduction of NGS techniques to routine laboratory diagnostic applications is a required step following international expertise.


Asunto(s)
Secuenciación de Nucleótidos de Alto Rendimiento , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Niño , Humanos , Mutación , Medicina de Precisión , Pronóstico
6.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 108, 2019 Oct 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647022

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Assessment of measurable residual disease (MRD) is rapidly transforming the therapeutic and prognostic landscape of a wide range of hematological malignancies. Its prognostic value in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has been established and MRD measured at the end of induction is increasingly used to guide further therapy. Although MRD detectable immediately before allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is known to be associated with poor outcomes, it is unclear if or to what extent this differs with different types of conditioning. METHODS: In this retrospective registry study, we explored whether measurable residual disease (MRD) before allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for acute lymphoblastic leukemia is associated with different outcomes in recipients of myeloablative total body irradiation (TBI)-based versus chemotherapy-based conditioning. We analyzed outcomes of 2780 patients (median age 38 years, range 18-72) who underwent first HCT in complete remission between 2000 and 2017 using sibling or unrelated donors. RESULTS: In 1816 of patients, no disease was detectable, and in 964 patients, MRD was positive. Conditioning was TBI-based in 2122 (76%) transplants. In the whole cohort MRD positivity was a significant independent factor for lower overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS), and for higher relapse incidence (RI), with respective hazard ratios (HR, 95% confidence intervals) of 1.19 (1.02-1.39), 1.26 (1.1-1.44), and 1.51 (1.26-1.8). TBI was associated with a higher OS, LFS, and lower RI with HR of 0.75 (0.62-0.90), 0.70 (0.60-0.82), and 0.60 (0.49-0.74), respectively. No significant interaction was found between MRD status and conditioning. When investigating the impact of MRD separately in the TBI and chemotherapy-based conditioning cohorts by multivariate analysis, we found MRD positivity to be associated with lower OS and LFS and higher RI in the TBI group, and with higher RI in the chemotherapy group. TBI-based conditioning was associated with improved outcomes in both MRD-negative and MRD-positive patients. CONCLUSIONS: In this large study, we confirmed that patients who are MRD-negative prior to HCT achieve superior outcomes. This is particularly apparent if TBI conditioning is used. All patients with ALL irrespective of MRD status benefit from TBI-based conditioning in the myeloablative setting.

7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(18)2019 Sep 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509957

RESUMEN

Primarily due to recent advances of detection techniques, microchimerism (the proportion of minor variant population is below 1%) has recently gained increasing attention in the field of transplantation. Availability of polymorphic markers, such as deletion insertion or single nucleotide polymorphisms along with a vast array of high sensitivity detection techniques, allow the accurate detection of small quantities of donor- or recipient-related materials. This diagnostic information can improve monitoring of allograft injuries in solid organ transplantations (SOT) as well as facilitate early detection of relapse in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). In the present review, genetic marker and detection platform options applicable for microchimerism detection are discussed. Furthermore, current results of relevant clinical studies in the context of microchimerism and SOT or allo-HSCT respectively are also summarized.


Asunto(s)
Quimerismo , ADN/genética , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas/métodos , Donantes de Tejidos/estadística & datos numéricos , Quimera por Trasplante/genética , ADN/sangre , Humanos , Repeticiones de Microsatélite/genética , Trasplante de Órganos/métodos , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Quimera por Trasplante/sangre , Quimera por Trasplante/inmunología , Trasplante Homólogo
8.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(11): 2134-2142, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288095

RESUMEN

Although high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplant combined with novel agents continues to be the hallmark of first-line treatment in newly diagnosed transplant-eligible multiple myeloma patients, the impact of tandem autologous or autologous/reduced-intensity allogeneic transplant for patients with extramedullary disease (EMD) and high-risk cytogenetics is not yet defined. Here, we analyzed clinical and cytogenetic data from 488 adult myeloma patients with EMD undergoing single autologous (n = 373), tandem autologous (n = 84), or autologous-allogeneic transplant (n = 31) between 2003 and 2015. At least 1 high-risk abnormality was present in 41% (n = 202), with del(17p) (40%) and t(4;14) (45%) the most frequent. More than 1 high-risk abnormality was found in 54%. High-risk cytogenetics showed worse 4-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of 54% and 29%, respectively, versus 78% and 49% for standard-risk cytogenetics (P < .001). Co-segregation of high-risk abnormalities did not seem to affect outcome. Regarding transplant regimen, OS and PFS were 70% and 43% for single autologous versus 83% and 52% for tandem autologous and 88% and 58% for autologous-allogeneic (P = .06 and P = .30). In multivariate analysis high-risk cytogenetics were associated with worse survival (hazard ratio [HR], 2.00; P = .003), whereas tandem autologous significantly improved outcome versus single autologous transplant (HRs, .46 and .64; P = .02 and P = .03). Autologous-allogeneic transplant did not significantly differ in outcome but appeared to improve survival, but results were limited because of small population (HR, .31). In conclusion, high-risk cytogenetics is frequently observed in newly diagnosed myeloma with EMD and significantly worsens outcome after single autologous, whereas a tandem autologous transplant strategy may overcome onset poor prognosis.

9.
Blood Adv ; 3(13): 1950-1960, 2019 07 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262738

RESUMEN

The impact of the use of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) following a total body irradiation (TBI)-based myeloablative conditioning regimen has been poorly explored. We retrospectively analyzed 724 patients who underwent a first allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) following a TBI-based conditioning regimen for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and compared the outcomes of 251 (35%) patients who received ATG (ATG group) with 473 (65%) patients who did not (non-ATG group). Median follow-up of surviving patients was 59 months (interquartile range, 28-83). The cumulative incidence of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) for non-ATG and ATG groups in the first 100 days was 33% vs 24%, respectively (P = .0098). The 2-year cumulative incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) was reduced significantly in the ATG group in comparison with the non-ATG group (46% vs 34%, P = .003). Using multivariate analysis, in vivo T-cell depletion (ATG group) was independently associated with a decreased incidence of grade II-IV aGVHD (hazard ratio [HR], 0.28; P < .001), grade III-IV aGVHD (HR, 0.21; P < .001), cGVHD (HR, 0.63; P = .02), and nonrelapse mortality (NRM) (HR, 0.54; P = .02). Relapse risk, overall survival, and leukemia-free survival were similar between the 2 groups. Our results suggest that the addition of ATG to TBI-based myeloablative conditioning for allo-HCT in AML patients results in a significant reduction in aGVHD and cGVHD, translating into a significant reduction in NRM without increasing the relapse rate.

10.
PLoS One ; 14(6): e0218945, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237928

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Recognition of HLA-C2 group alleles on recipient cells by activating killer immunoglobulin like receptors, KIR2DS1 on donor natural killer cells may lead to increased graft-versus-leukemia effect or immunomodulation in patients treated by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) influencing disease free and overall survival (OS). OBJECTIVE: In the present study, 314 consecutive, allo-HSCT recipient and donor pairs were included with retrospective donor KIR-genotyping and clinical parameters analyzes. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 23.6 months, recipients with HLA-C2 group allele (rC2) showed improved (p = 0.046) OS if transplanted with KIR2DS1 positive donors (d2DS1) compared to those without one or both of this genetic attribute. Within the myeloablative conditioning (MAC) subgroup (n = 227), rC2 homozygous+d2DS1 patients (n = 14) showed a 5 years OS of 93% followed by rC2 heterozygous+d2DS1 patients (n = 48, 65%) compared to rC2 and/or d2DS1 negatives (47%, p = 0.018). Multivariate analyses indicated rC2+d2DS1 positivity as an independent predictor of OS (HR:0.47, 0.26-0.86, p = 0.014) besides donor type, presence of CMV-reactivation or chemoresistant disease. Among MAC-treated patients, the combined rC2+d2DS1 presence was associated with a markedly decreased cumulative incidence of transplant related mortality (p = 0.0045). CONCLUSION: The combination of rC2+d2DS1 may be a favorable genetic constellation in allo-HSCT with MAC potentially reducing transplant related mortality.


Asunto(s)
Donantes de Sangre , Antígenos HLA-C/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas/métodos , Receptores KIR/efectos de los fármacos , Acondicionamiento Pretrasplante/métodos , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidad , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas/mortalidad , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Análisis de Supervivencia , Trasplante Homólogo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
11.
Ann Hematol ; 98(7): 1755-1763, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30993417

RESUMEN

It has been shown recently that donor and/or recipient cytomegalovirus (CMV) seropositivity is associated with a significant overall survival (OS) decline in acute leukemia patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). We now analyzed the prognostic impact of the donor/recipient CMV serostatus in 6968 patients with chronic hematological malignancies who underwent allo-HSCT. Donor and/or recipient CMV seropositivity was associated with a significantly reduced 2-year progression-free survival (PFS, 50% vs. 52%, p = 0.03) and OS (62% vs. 65%, p = 0.01). Multivariate Cox regression analyses showed an independent negative prognostic impact of donor and/or recipient CMV seropositivity on PFS (HR, 1.1; 95% CI, 1.0-1.2; p = 0.03), OS (HR, 1.1; 95% CI, 1.0-1.2; p = 0.003), and non-relapse mortality (HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.0-1.3; p = 0.02). OS decline was strongest for CMV-seropositive recipients with a CMV-seronegative donor (HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.3), followed by CMV-seropositive patients with a CMV-seropositive donor (HR, 1.1; 95% CI, 1.0-1.2). Conversely, OS did not differ significantly between CMV-seronegative recipients allografted from a CMV-seropositive donor (HR, 1.0; 95% CI, 0.9-1.2) and patients with donor/recipient CMV seronegativity (p = 0.001 for the four groups together). Non-relapse mortality was also significantly (p = 0.01) higher for CMV-seropositive patients with a CMV-seronegative graft (HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.4) than for CMV-seropositive patients with a CMV-seropositive graft (HR, 1.1; 95% CI, 0.9-1.2) or CMV-seronegative recipients with a CMV-seropositive graft (HR, 1.0; 95% CI, 0.8-1.2). Donor and/or recipient CMV seropositivity still results in an OS decline in patients with chronic hematological malignancies who have undergone allo-HSCT. However, this OS decline seems to be lower than that described for acute leukemia patients previously.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Citomegalovirus , Citomegalovirus , Selección de Donante , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas , Donantes de Tejidos , Adulto , Anciano , Aloinjertos , Niño , Preescolar , Enfermedad Crónica , Infecciones por Citomegalovirus/sangre , Infecciones por Citomegalovirus/mortalidad , Infecciones por Citomegalovirus/terapia , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Femenino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/sangre , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidad , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Tasa de Supervivencia
12.
Haematologica ; 104(6): 1230-1236, 2019 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655365

RESUMEN

The use of antihuman T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin in the setting of transplantation from an HLA-matched related donor is still much debated. Acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease are the main causes of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with myelofibrosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of antihuman T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin in a large cohort of patients with myelofibrosis (n=287). The cumulative incidences of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease among patients who were or were not given antihuman T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin were 26% and 41%, respectively. The corresponding incidences of chronic graft-versus-host disease were 52% and 55%, respectively. Non-adjusted overall survival, disease-free survival and non-relapse mortality rates were 55% versus 53%, 49% versus 45%, and 32% versus 31%, respectively, among the patients who were or were not given antihuman T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin. An adjusted model confirmed that the risk of acute graft-versus-host disease was lower following antihuman T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin (hazard ratio, 0.54; P=0.010) while it did not decrease the risk of chronic graft-versus-host disease. The hazard ratios for overall survival and non-relapse mortality were 0.66 and 0.64, with P-values of 0.05 and 0.09, respectively. Antihuman T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin did not influence disease-free survival, graft-versus-host disease, relapse-free survival or relapse risk. In conclusion, in the setting of matched related transplantation in myelofibrosis patients, this study demonstrates that antihuman T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin decreases the risk of acute graft-versus-host disease without increasing the risk of relapse.

13.
Eur J Cancer ; 106: 212-219, 2019 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30528805

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) is widely used to prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (alloPBSCT). The goal of this study was to retrospectively assess the effect of ATG on outcomes in the setting of Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (Ph+ ALL). METHODS: In the analysis, 1170 adult patients undergoing alloPBSCT from human leucocyte antigen-matched sibling or unrelated donors in the first complete remission between 2007 and 2016 were included. ATG was used in 429/575 (75%) and 121/595 (20%) patients transplanted from unrelated or sibling donors, respectively. RESULTS: The incidence of chronic GVHD was 35% for patients treated with ATG compared with 52% in those not receiving ATG (p < 0.001), while the rate of extensive chronic GVHD was 16% and 36%, respectively (p < 0.001). The probability of survival free from GVHD and relapse (GRFS) was 42% and 32%, respectively (p = 0.002). In a multivariate model, the use of ATG was associated with reduced risk of overall chronic GVHD (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.52, p < 0.001) and extensive chronic GVHD (HR = 0.46, p < 0.001). It was also associated with better GRFS (HR = 0.77, p = 0.007), despite increased risk of relapse (HR = 1.41, p = 0.02). No significant effect was found with regard to the risk of non-relapse mortality and overall mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The use of ATG for patients with Ph+ ALL undergoing alloPBSCT is associated with reduced risk of chronic GVHD without impact on survival and therefore, could be considered. However, increased risk of relapse suggests the need for strict monitoring of minimal residual diseases and appropriate interventions after transplantation.

14.
Pediatr Transplant ; 22(8): e13302, 2018 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30345623

RESUMEN

Primary CNS PTLD is an extremely rare complication after allogeneic HSCT. At our centre, an 11-year-old patient developed nausea, vomiting, and diplopy on day +82 following HSCT. On brain MRI, multiple white matter lesions were seen. Histology showed a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with high load of EBV in tissue. Despite stopping immunosuppression, treatment with EBV-specific cytotoxic T cells, systemic rituximab, HD-MTX, and intrathecal chemotherapy, progression was observed. With a combination of HD-MTX and cytarabine, only a partial response could be achieved. Having all conventional modalities not only failed but resulted in significant toxicity, a salvage monotherapy with biweekly nivolumab has been instituted. The starting dose was 1.1 mg/kg, later escalated to 2.2 mg/kg. After 8 months of nivolumab therapy, PET-CT showed complete metabolic remission. Subsequently, the patient has been switched to a maintenance dosage of 1.1 mg/kg. No cytopenias, graft failure, GvHD, or any other alloimmune complications were seen during nivolumab therapy. In conclusion, nivolumab may be considered as an effective and safe option for CNS PTLD therapy when all other modalities have failed.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos Inmunológicos/uso terapéutico , Leucemia Mielógena Crónica BCR-ABL Positiva/terapia , Trastornos Linfoproliferativos/terapia , Nivolumab/uso terapéutico , Trasplante de Células Madre , Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Niño , Citarabina/uso terapéutico , Infecciones por Virus de Epstein-Barr/complicaciones , Femenino , Proteínas de Fusión bcr-abl/genética , Humanos , Inmunosupresión , Inyecciones Espinales , Leucemia Mielógena Crónica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Linfoma de Células B/inmunología , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Tomografía Computarizada por Tomografía de Emisión de Positrones , Periodo Posoperatorio , Inducción de Remisión , Rituximab/uso terapéutico , Trasplante Homólogo , Resultado del Tratamiento
15.
Eur J Immunol ; 48(12): 1944-1957, 2018 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30365157

RESUMEN

This study sought to identify novel CD8+ T cell homing markers by studying acute graft versus host disease (aGvHD), typically involving increased T cell homing to the skin and gut. FACS-sorted skin-homing (CD8ß+ /CLA+ ), gut-homing (CD8ß+ /integrinß7+ ), and reference (CD8ß+ /CLA- /integrinß7- ) T cells were compared in patients affected by cutaneous and/or gastrointestinal aGVHD. Microarray analysis, qPCR, and flow cytometry revealed increased expression of peptidase inhibitor 16 (PI16) in skin-homing CD8+ T cells. Robust association of PI16 with skin homing was confirmed in all types of aGvHD and in healthy controls, too. PI16 was not observed on CLA+ leukocytes other than T cells. Induction of PI16 expression on skin-homing T cells occurred independently of vitamin D3. Among skin-homing T cells, PI16 expression was most pronounced in memory-like CD45RO+ /CD127+ /CD25+ /CD69- /granzyme B- cells. PI16 was confined to the plasma membrane, was GPI-anchored, and was lost upon restimulation of memory CD8+ T cells. Loss of PI16 occurred by downregulation of PI16 transcription, and not by Phospholipase C (PLC)- or Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-mediated shedding, or by protein recycling. Inhibitor screening and pull-down experiments confirmed that PI16 inhibits cathepsin K, but may not bind to other skin proteases. These data link PI16 to skin-homing CD8+ T cells, and raise the possibility that PI16 may regulate cutaneous cathepsin K.


Asunto(s)
Linfocitos T CD8-positivos/inmunología , Proteínas Portadoras/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Enfermedad Injerto contra Huésped/inmunología , Piel/inmunología , Subgrupos de Linfocitos T/inmunología , Adulto , Anciano , Catepsina K/antagonistas & inhibidores , Movimiento Celular , Células Cultivadas , Técnicas de Cocultivo , Femenino , Citometría de Flujo , Humanos , Memoria Inmunológica , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Receptores Mensajeros de Linfocitos/metabolismo
16.
Am J Hematol ; 93(6): 778-785, 2018 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29574915

RESUMEN

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) with myeloablative conditioning based on total body irradiation (TBI) is widely used for the treatment of adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). TBI is most frequently administered in combination with either cyclophosphamide (Cy/TBI) or etoposide (Vp/TBI). The goal of this study was to retrospectively compare these two regimens. Adult patients with Ph-negative ALL treated with alloHCT in first or second complete remission who received Cy/TBI (n = 1346) or Vp/TBI (n = 152) conditioning were included in the analysis. In a univariate analysis, as compared to Cy/TBI, the use of Vp/TBI was associated with reduced incidence of relapse (17% vs. 30% at 5 years, P = .007), increased rate of leukemia-free survival (60% vs. 50%, P = .04), and improved "graft versus host disease (GVHD) and relapse-free survival" (GRFS, 43% vs. 33%, P = .04). No significant effect could be observed in terms of the incidence of nonrelapse mortality or acute or chronic GVHD. In a multivariate model, the use of Vp/TBI was associated with reduced risk of relapse (HR = 0.62, P = .04) while the effect on other study end-points was not significant. In conclusion, conditioning regimen based on Vp combined with TBI appears more effective for disease control than the combination of Cy with TBI for adult patients with Ph-negative ALL treated with alloHCT.


Asunto(s)
Ciclofosfamida/uso terapéutico , Etopósido/uso terapéutico , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas/métodos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Acondicionamiento Pretrasplante/métodos , Irradiación Corporal Total/métodos , Adulto , Femenino , Enfermedad Injerto contra Huésped/etiología , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas/efectos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recurrencia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Trasplante Homólogo
17.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 24(5): 930-936, 2018 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29339268

RESUMEN

The advent of novel agents for multiple myeloma (MM) is cause for a re-examination of the incidence of second primary malignancies (SPMs). We examined the SPM rate in MM patients who were enrolled in the prospective observational CALM (Collaboration to Collect Autologous Transplant outcome in Lymphoma and Myeloma) study. Between 2008 and 2012, 3204 patients with MM underwent a first autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Plerixafor was used as a mobilizing agent for patients with poor (or potentially poor) stem cell mobilization as defined by the respective centers. A total of 135 patients developed SPMs, with a cumulative incidence of 5.3% (95% confidence interval, 4.4 to 6.3) at 72 months. Ninety-four patients developed solid tumors, 30 developed hematologic malignancies, and 11 developed an SPM of an unknown type. The cumulative incidence of known hematologic and solid malignancies were 1.4% and 3.6%, respectively, at 72 months. In a univariate analysis, use of radiotherapy, type of induction regimen, hematopoietic stem cell dose, poor mobilizer status, plerixafor use, and sex did not influence the cumulative incidence of SPMs. Only age over 65 years was statistically associated with an increased incidence. Overall, the incidence of SPMs was comparable to earlier estimations of SPMs in MM.


Asunto(s)
Mieloma Múltiple/complicaciones , Mieloma Múltiple/terapia , Neoplasias Primarias Secundarias/etiología , Trasplante Autólogo/efectos adversos , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Femenino , Movilización de Célula Madre Hematopoyética/métodos , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas/efectos adversos , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas/métodos , Compuestos Heterocíclicos/uso terapéutico , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias Primarias Secundarias/diagnóstico , Estudios Prospectivos , Adulto Joven
18.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 59(3): 710-716, 2018 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28691553

RESUMEN

Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 oncogene partner N-terminal like gene (FOPNL) rs72773978 polymorphism was identified as an adverse prognostic factor in multiple myeloma (MM). We aimed to investigate the associations of rs72773978 with clinical characteristics and treatment outcome in 373 Hungarian MM patients. In our cohort, FOPNL polymorphism showed differential prognostic effect that depended on the treatment applied. Among patients treated with non-proteasome inhibitor (PI)-based therapy, carriership of the minor allele was significantly associated with adverse overall survival (p=.022). In contrast, the adverse effect was overcome by the application of PI-containing treatment (p=.048). Multivariate analyses revealed the independent adverse effect of rs72773978 on survival in the non-PI-treated group (p=.045), but not in PI treatment (OS: p=.093). We confirmed the adverse prognostic effect of rs72773978 associated with non-PI-based treatment regimens. Our results point to the importance of genotypic prognostic information associated with complex clinical background MM.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores de Tumor/genética , Bortezomib/uso terapéutico , Mieloma Múltiple/tratamiento farmacológico , Mieloma Múltiple/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Proteínas/genética , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Genómica , Genotipo , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Mieloma Múltiple/patología , Pronóstico , Tasa de Supervivencia
19.
Hum Immunol ; 79(1): 13-19, 2018 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29080718

RESUMEN

The role of HLA system in allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) outcome is unarguable. In this study we investigated association of HLA-A,-B and-DRB1 alleles with overall survival (OS) in 186 patients undergoing allo-HSCT for lymphoid malignancies. Analyses confirmed significantly better OS for HLA-DRB1∗04 carriers compared with non-carriers (p = 0.01). Survival benefit was confined to male patients (in multivariate analyses p = 0.034, hazard ratio 0.35, 95% confidence interval 0.13-0.92), whereas in females no difference was noted (p = 0.82). Furthermore, donor gender also affected outcome and transplantation from female HLA-DRB1∗04 carrier donors resulted in superior survival compared with female non-carrier donors (p = 0.01). Combined analyses including recipient/donor gender and HLA-DRB1∗04 showed that survival of male patients varied significantly according to donor gender and HLA-DRB1∗04 carriership (p = 0.04) with best survival among HLA-DRB1∗04 carriers transplanted from female donors. Of relevance to our results, HLA-DRB1∗04 has been documented as risk allele group for lymphoid malignancies, and studies described a male-specific risk. We believe that our findings provide further supporting evidence for sex-specific alterations secondary to HLA-DRB1∗04 or related genes. Further studies are warranted to evaluate whether in contrast to general favour of male donors HLA-DRB1∗04 carrier patients with lymphoid malignancies could benefit from transplantation from female donors.


Asunto(s)
Genotipo , Antígenos HLA-A/genética , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Cadenas HLA-DRB1/genética , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas , Leucemia Linfoide/genética , Linfoma no Hodgkin/genética , Adulto , Estudios de Cohortes , Frecuencia de los Genes , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Prueba de Histocompatibilidad , Humanos , Hungría , Leucemia Linfoide/mortalidad , Leucemia Linfoide/terapia , Linfoma no Hodgkin/mortalidad , Linfoma no Hodgkin/terapia , Polimorfismo Genético , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores Sexuales , Trasplante Homólogo , Resultado del Tratamiento
20.
Orv Hetil ; 158(41): 1615-1619, 2017 Oct.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29025289

RESUMEN

T-cell lymphoma is a poor prognostic hematological malignancy. The generally used - not sufficiently effective - induction chemotherapy should be improved with consolidative autologous hemopoetic stem cell transplantation. The authors describe the role, place and effectiveness of transplantation in this disorder. One hundred thirty three autologous stem cell transplantations were performed in the last 22 years in Hungary. Detailed results are available from the last 6 years. In this period 43 transplantations were carried out in 4 Hungarian centers. Carmustine-etoposide-cytosine arabinoside-melphalan (BEAM) conditioning regimen was used in 95%. The transplantation was done mainly in complete remission (84%), 1 year after transplantation 65% of patients were still in complete remission. Eleven patients died, 82% of them have progressive disease. Brentuximab vedotin has already proved the effectiveness, several other chemoterapeutics, monoclonal antibodies, kinase inhibitors are under investigation. In certain cases allogeneic stem cell transplantation has real indication among therapeutic options. Orv Hetil. 2017; 158(41): 1615-1619.


Asunto(s)
Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas , Inmunoconjugados/administración & dosificación , Linfoma de Células T/terapia , Quimioterapia de Consolidación , Humanos , Hungría , Inducción de Remisión , Trasplante Autólogo
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